CN104984800A - Straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104984800A
CN104984800A CN201510274543.7A CN201510274543A CN104984800A CN 104984800 A CN104984800 A CN 104984800A CN 201510274543 A CN201510274543 A CN 201510274543A CN 104984800 A CN104984800 A CN 104984800A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pulverizer
rotating shaft
cylindrical shell
molding
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510274543.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许伟平
Original Assignee
安徽大地节能科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 安徽大地节能科技有限公司 filed Critical 安徽大地节能科技有限公司
Priority to CN201510274543.7A priority Critical patent/CN104984800A/en
Publication of CN104984800A publication Critical patent/CN104984800A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • B02C21/02Transportable disintegrating plant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/24Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using screws or worms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/22Extrusion presses; Dies therefor
    • B30B11/28Extrusion presses; Dies therefor using perforated rollers or discs

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine. The straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine comprises a bottom plate, a pulverizer, a fixed belt wheel, a driving motor, a fan and a molding device, wherein travelling wheels are arranged below the bottom plate; the pulverizer is fixed on the bottom plate by bolts; the fixed belt wheel is positioned at the rear of the pulverizer, and connected with the driving motor by a coupler; the driving motor is positioned at the rear of the pulverizer, and used for supplying power to the pulverizer and the molding device; the fan is positioned on the right side of the pulverizer, and used for discharging pulverized straw from the pulverizer and sending the straw to the molding device for pelleting molding; and the molding device is positioned at the rear of the driving motor, and used for pelleting the pulverized straw. The straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine can pulverize and mold the straw, and can reduce labor intensity and improve the working efficiency greatly. In addition, the straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine is simple in structure and easy to operate, and facilitates popularization and application in vast rural areas.

Description

A kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, is a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine specifically.
Background technology
Recyclable organism fuel refers to the high-density propellant rod or the particle that the agriculture and forestry organic waste materials such as stalk, wood chip, weeds, shrub branch and even shell pericarp are compressed under normal temperature or high temperature formation.The fuel value of this particle is higher than traditional combustion system fuel value 4 times, that a kind of combustion system and calorific value are all close to the high-grade clean energy resource of coal basic non-pollutant discharge, for city, life in the countryside energy and energy consumption of industry provide a kind of not only environmental protection but also economy, safe green consumption mode, be the new forms of energy that country advocates.
At present, China's stalk output occupies the first in the world, and availability is but only 20% ~ 30%, because stalk is not easy to collect, and its value is not had an optimistic view of by people, is processed so most of stalk is then the mode of burning, both waste resource, cause environmental pollution.Application number is: a Chinese patent of 201310498727.2 discloses a kind of biomass straw and pulverizes forming integrated machine, this invention is in order to solve in existing straw briquette fuel production procedure, crushed stalk and compressing and compacting molding procedure are respectively by disintegrating apparatus and compression forming equipment complete independently, power consumption is large, logistics cost is high, the problem that duty cycle is long.The vertical crushing plant of this invention and extrusion forming device are disposed in parallel on walking dish from front to back, below walking dish, road wheel is housed, the bottom of the charging aperture of vertical crushing plant is provided with blade, on pulverizer main shaft, cover has sleeve, sleeve installs hammer frame plate from top to bottom, between adjacent hammer frame plate, annular is provided with hammer leaf group, the hammer leaf of each hammer leaf group is evenly arranged up and down, hammer leaf is multiple tooth limit rectangular configuration, the bottom that air blast is arranged on casing is communicated with storage bin hopper, and storage bin hopper is by air channel and extrusion forming device inlet communication.This invention be used for biomass straw pulverize and shaping.This invention structure is comparatively complicated, and manufacturing cost is higher, and maintenance comparatively difficulty, be unfavorable for applying to vast rural area.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine, pulverizing can be carried out to stalk shaping, greatly can reduce labour intensity, increase work efficiency, and its structure is simple, manufacturing cost is lower, is easy to operation, is conducive in the promotion and application of vast rural area.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine, comprise base plate, pulverizer, fixed pulley, drive motors, blower fan and shaped device, road wheel is provided with below described base plate, be convenient to movement and the carrying of machine, described pulverizer is bolted on base plate, pulverizer is used for crushed stalk, described fixed pulley is positioned at pulverizer rear, fixed pulley is provided with belt wheel rotating shaft, described belt wheel rotating shaft is installed and belt wheel by key, belt wheel rotating shaft two ends are provided with bearing spider, described bearing spider is welded on base plate, belt wheel rotating shaft is connected with drive motors by shaft coupling, drive motors is positioned at pulverizer rear, drive motors is bolted on base plate, drive motors is used for providing power for pulverizer and shaped device, described blower fan is positioned on the right side of pulverizer, blower fan is connected with the crushing chamber of pulverizer, blower fan is used for the stalk of pulverizing to discharge from pulverizer, and material is sent in shaped device carry out granulating and forming, described shaped device is positioned at drive motors rear, shaped device is fixed on base plate by support.
Described shaped device comprises cylindrical shell, auger rotating shaft, big belt pulley, retainer, mould and fixed disk, described cylindrical shell is horizontally fixed on above support, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with charging aperture, charging aperture is connected with the discharging opening of blower fan, described auger rotating shaft is positioned at inner barrel, the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft is connected with big belt pulley through cylindrical shell, big belt pulley is connected with fixed pulley by belt, bearing is connected with between auger rotating shaft and cylindrical shell, auger rotating shaft is used for express material is shaping, the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft is connected with retainer and mould, described retainer and mould are all positioned at inner barrel, retainer is used for fixing auger rotating shaft, external screw thread is provided with on the left of cylindrical shell, fixed disk is provided with internal thread, be threaded connection between fixed disk and cylindrical shell, fixed disk is used for fixed retainer and mould, prevent retainer and mould from being extruded by material, fixed disk is provided with holding block, hold block to be convenient to mount and dismount fixed disk.
Described retainer is provided with inner ring and outer ring, inner ring and outer ring coaxially arranged, be provided with dowel between inner ring and outer ring, retainer can fix auger rotating shaft, can ensure that again material passes through retainer smoothly.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine provided by the invention, pulverizing can be carried out to stalk shaping, greatly can reduce labour intensity, increase work efficiency, and its structure is simple, manufacturing cost is lower, be easy to operation, be conducive in the promotion and application of vast rural area.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the opposite side perspective view of a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is A-A sectional view in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of the retainer of a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine of the present invention.
In figure: base plate 1, road wheel 11, pulverizer 2, fixed pulley 3, belt wheel rotating shaft 31, belt wheel 32, bearing spider 33, shaft coupling 34, drive motors 4, blower fan 5, shaped device 6, cylindrical shell 61, charging aperture 611, auger rotating shaft 62, big belt pulley 63, retainer 64, inner ring 641, outer ring 642, dowel 643, mould 65, fixed disk 66, holding block 661, support 7.
Detailed description of the invention
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, setting forth the present invention further.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine of the present invention, comprise base plate 1, pulverizer 2, fixed pulley 3, drive motors 4, blower fan 5 and shaped device 6, road wheel 11 is provided with below described base plate 1, be convenient to movement and the carrying of machine, described pulverizer 2 is bolted on base plate 1, pulverizer 2 is for by crushed stalk, described fixed pulley 3 is positioned at pulverizer 2 rear, fixed pulley 3 is provided with belt wheel rotating shaft 31, described belt wheel rotating shaft 31 is installed and belt wheel 32 by key, belt wheel rotating shaft 31 two ends are provided with bearing spider 33, described bearing spider 33 is welded on base plate 1, belt wheel rotating shaft 31 is connected with drive motors 4 by shaft coupling 34, drive motors 4 is positioned at pulverizer 2 rear, drive motors 4 is bolted on base plate 1, drive motors 4 is for providing power for pulverizer 2 and shaped device 6, described blower fan 5 is positioned on the right side of pulverizer 2, blower fan 5 is connected with the crushing chamber of pulverizer 2, blower fan 5 is for discharging the stalk pulverized from pulverizer 2, and material is sent in shaped device 6 carry out granulating and forming, described shaped device 6 is positioned at drive motors 4 rear, shaped device 6 is fixed on base plate 1 by support 7.
Described shaped device 6 comprises cylindrical shell 61, auger rotating shaft 62, big belt pulley 63, retainer 64, mould 65 and fixed disk 66, described cylindrical shell 61 is horizontally fixed on above support 7, the top of cylindrical shell 61 is provided with charging aperture 611, charging aperture 611 is connected with the discharging opening of blower fan 5, it is inner that described auger rotating shaft 62 is positioned at cylindrical shell 61, the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft 62 is connected with big belt pulley 63 through cylindrical shell 61, big belt pulley 63 is connected with fixed pulley 3 by belt, bearing is connected with between auger rotating shaft 62 and cylindrical shell 61, auger rotating shaft 62 is for shaping by express material, the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft 62 is connected with retainer 64 and mould 65, it is inner that described retainer 64 and mould 65 are all positioned at cylindrical shell 61, retainer 64 is for fixing auger rotating shaft 62, external screw thread is provided with on the left of cylindrical shell 61, fixed disk 66 is provided with internal thread, be threaded connection between fixed disk 66 and cylindrical shell 61, fixed disk 66 is for fixed retainer 64 and mould 65, prevent retainer 64 and mould 65 from being extruded by material, fixed disk 66 is provided with and holds block 661, hold block 661 to be convenient to mount and dismount fixed disk 66.
Described retainer 64 is provided with inner ring 641 and outer ring 642, and inner ring 641 is coaxially arranged with outer ring 642, and be provided with dowel 643 between inner ring 641 and outer ring 642, retainer 64 can fix auger rotating shaft 62, can ensure again material smoothly by retainer 64.
During work, start drive motors 4 and blower fan 5, after machine 2 to be comminuted steady running, in pulverizer 2, add stalk, stalk is ground into Powdered at pulverizer 2, and pulverous material is blown in shaped device 6 by blower fan 5 by pipeline, material enters in cylindrical shell 61 from charging aperture 611, under the active force of auger rotating shaft 62, material is outwards extruded, and material becomes required product after mould 65.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; description in above-described embodiment and description principle of the present invention is just described; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (3)

1. a crushed stalk forming integrated machine, comprise base plate (1), pulverizer (2), fixed pulley (3), drive motors (4), blower fan (5) and shaped device (6), it is characterized in that: described base plate (1) below is provided with road wheel (11), described pulverizer (2) is bolted on base plate (1), described fixed pulley (3) is positioned at pulverizer (2) rear, fixed pulley (3) is provided with belt wheel rotating shaft (31), described belt wheel rotating shaft (31) is installed and belt wheel (32) by key, belt wheel rotating shaft (31) two ends are provided with bearing spider (33), described bearing spider (33) is welded on base plate (1), belt wheel rotating shaft (31) is connected with drive motors (4) by shaft coupling (34), drive motors (4) is positioned at pulverizer (2) rear, drive motors (4) is bolted on base plate (1), described blower fan (5) is positioned at pulverizer (2) right side, blower fan (5) is connected with the crushing chamber of pulverizer (2), described shaped device (6) is positioned at drive motors (4) rear, shaped device (6) is fixed on base plate (1) by support (7).
2. a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described shaped device (6) comprises cylindrical shell (61), auger rotating shaft (62), big belt pulley (63), retainer (64), mould (65) and fixed disk (66), described cylindrical shell (61) is horizontally fixed on support (7) top, the top of cylindrical shell (61) is provided with charging aperture (611), charging aperture (611) is connected with the discharging opening of blower fan (5), it is inner that described auger rotating shaft (62) is positioned at cylindrical shell (61), the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft (62) is connected with big belt pulley (63) through cylindrical shell (61), big belt pulley (63) is connected with fixed pulley (3) by belt, bearing is connected with between auger rotating shaft (62) and cylindrical shell (61), the right-hand member of auger rotating shaft (62) is connected with retainer (64) and mould (65), it is inner that described retainer (64) and mould (65) are all positioned at cylindrical shell (61), cylindrical shell (61) left side is provided with external screw thread, (66) are provided with internal thread to fixed disk, be threaded connection between fixed disk (66) and cylindrical shell (61), fixed disk (66) is provided with and holds block (661).
3. a kind of crushed stalk forming integrated machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described retainer (64) is provided with inner ring (641) and outer ring (642), inner ring (641) is coaxially arranged with outer ring (642), is provided with dowel (643) between inner ring (641) and outer ring (642).
CN201510274543.7A 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine CN104984800A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201510274543.7A CN104984800A (en) 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510274543.7A CN104984800A (en) 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Straw pulverizing and molding all-in-one machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109225064A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-18 合肥瀚鹏新能源有限公司 A kind of bio-feritlizer granulator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2668256Y (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-01-05 王维寿 Melon seed separating machine
CN201604310U (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-10-13 刘金山 Green coal machine equipment
KR20120125022A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-14 해표산업 주식회사 Apparatus for crushing by-products of agriculture
CN203030623U (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-07-03 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Agricultural and forestry waste molding device
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN203792765U (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-08-27 安徽理工大学 Mobile straw briquetting machine
WO2014130003A2 (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-28 Tumagyan Ashot Processing straw into more nutritional products

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2668256Y (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-01-05 王维寿 Melon seed separating machine
CN201604310U (en) * 2010-01-27 2010-10-13 刘金山 Green coal machine equipment
KR20120125022A (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-14 해표산업 주식회사 Apparatus for crushing by-products of agriculture
CN203030623U (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-07-03 嘉兴新嘉爱斯热电有限公司 Agricultural and forestry waste molding device
WO2014130003A2 (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-28 Tumagyan Ashot Processing straw into more nutritional products
CN103495484A (en) * 2013-10-22 2014-01-08 东北林业大学 Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN203792765U (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-08-27 安徽理工大学 Mobile straw briquetting machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109225064A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-18 合肥瀚鹏新能源有限公司 A kind of bio-feritlizer granulator

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Application publication date: 20151021

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