CN104942875A - Automatic punching machine - Google Patents

Automatic punching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104942875A
CN104942875A CN 201510365935 CN201510365935A CN104942875A CN 104942875 A CN104942875 A CN 104942875A CN 201510365935 CN201510365935 CN 201510365935 CN 201510365935 A CN201510365935 A CN 201510365935A CN 104942875 A CN104942875 A CN 104942875A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
plate
provided
stud
nail
rod
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CN 201510365935
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104942875B (en )
Inventor
崔子扬
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崔子扬
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/005Computer numerical control means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/02Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means
    • B26D7/025Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means acting upon planar surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/26Means for mounting or adjusting the cutting member; Means for adjusting the stroke of the cutting member
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/24Perforating by needles or pins

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic punching machine and relates to the technical field of binding tools. The punching machine comprises a supporting mechanism, a power mechanism, a conveying mechanism and an executing mechanism from bottom to top in sequence. The supporting mechanism comprises a supporting base located on the ground. The power mechanism comprises a rotary table. Article stirring rods with the adjustable length are arranged on the circumferential face of the rotary table. The conveying mechanism comprises a long-strip-shaped conveying channel, and a clamping plate capable of moving in the length direction of the conveying channel through the article stirring rods is arranged at the conveying channel. The executing mechanism comprises nail heads which are located above the conveying channel and can move in the vertical direction, and nail holes communicated with the interior of the channel are formed in the outer wall of the conveying channel. The punching machine is accurate, efficient and quick in punching, capable of punching holes with different diameters in a paper board and quick and convenient to use.

Description

一种自动钉孔机 An automatic machine nail holes

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及装订工具技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field binding tool.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,各种各样的纸板需要进行开孔,来满足各种用途,而现今对于纸板等的开孔大多是通过人工进行,工作效率低下,且准确度低,无法满足生活和生产的要求,现今针对纸板等材质的板状材料,需要一种能够快捷准确的在板体上进行开孔的工具,而且开孔的大小可以自行选择。 [0002] Currently, a variety of cardboard hole needed to meet a variety of purposes, but today for the opening cardboard mostly carried out by hand, inefficiency and low accuracy, can not meet the production and living requirements for modern plate-shaped material made of cardboard, a need for a fast and accurate a tool body opening in the plate, and the size of the openings can choose.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种自动钉孔机,该钉孔机打孔准确高效快捷,能够在纸板上打大小不同的孔径,方便快捷。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide an automatic machine nail hole, the nail holes punching machine accurately and efficiently fast, able to play different pore sizes in the paperboard convenient.

[0004] 为解决上述问题,本发明采取的技术方案是:一种自动钉孔机,该钉孔机包括从下到上依次为支撑机构、动力机构、传输机构和执行机构,所述支撑机构包括位于地面上的支撑座,所述动力机构包括转盘,在转盘的圆周面上设有长度可伸缩的拨物杆,所述传输机构包括长条状的传输通道,在传输通道处设有借助于拨物杆可在传输通道长度方向上运动的夹物板,所述执行机构包括位于传输通道上方且可在竖直方向移动的钉头,在传输通道的外壁上设有连通通道内部的钉孔。 [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention takes the following technical solution: An automatic nail hole machine, which machine comprises a nail holes from bottom to top to support means, power means, the actuator and transmission mechanism, said support means includes a support base on the ground, said power mechanism comprises a dial with dial telescopic rod length thereof in the circumferential surface of the turntable, said transmission mechanism comprises an elongated transmission channel, the transmission channel is provided by means of was allocated to lever movement in the longitudinal direction of the transmission channel insert plate, said actuator comprises a transmission channel above and movable in the vertical direction of the nail head, the nail passage communicating with the interior of the outer wall of the transmission channel hole.

[0005] 优选的,所述传输机构包括H形的传输支架,在传输支架两个侧板的底端之间设有载物板,所述载物板与传输支架中间的横板之间为传输通道,所述载物板的中间部位为贯通载物板两端且与载物板长度相等的条状的拨物口,在载物板上设有夹物板,所述夹物板通过燕尾槽与拨物口两侧的载物板板体滑动连接,在夹物板的下板面处设有承力板,在拨物杆的端部设有与承力板相配合的施力板,所述载物板的两端均伸出于传输支架的两端面之外。 [0005] Preferably, the transmission mechanism comprises a transmission of an H-shaped bracket, with loading plates between two side plates of the bottom end of the carriers, the carrier material between the intermediate plate and the carriers horizontal plate transmission channel, an intermediate portion of the loading plate so as to penetrate the carrier plate at both ends thereof and the loading plate of equal length strip port was allocated, the loading board is provided with an insert plate, through the insert plate loading plate board member on both sides of the mouth thereof dovetail sliding connection with the setting, load-bearing plate is provided at the lower surface of the plate insert plate, an end portion of the dial and the bearing rod are provided urging force of the plate cooperating plate, both ends of the loading plate are projected outside both end surfaces of the carriers.

[0006] 优选的,在传输通道上部的横板和载物板上设有四组上下对正的钉孔,每组钉孔的孔径依次变小。 [0006] Preferably, the transmission path and the upper portion of the lateral plate loading board is provided with four sets of vertical successively smaller pore positive nail hole, the nail holes in each group.

[0007] 优选的,所述载物板和支撑座之间连接有两个并排设置的支撑杆,在支撑杆中间设有可在竖直平面上自转的转盘,所述转盘通过转轴与两侧的支撑杆转动连接,在转盘的圆周面上沿着圆周方向均匀设有四个拨物杆,所述拨物杆包括与转盘连接的外杆和插到外杆内部的内杆,所述内杆与外杆内部的弹簧连接,所述弹簧的弹力方向与外杆的长度方向相同,所述施力板设在内杆的端部位置,所述转盘受控于位于支撑杆一侧的电机,所述电机受控于PLC控制器。 [0007] Preferably, the connection between the carrier material and the support base plate has two support rods arranged side by side, provided with a rotatable turntable in a vertical plane in the middle of the support bar, and the rotation shaft of the turntable by both the support rod is rotatably connected in the circumferential surface of the turntable is provided with four uniformly allocated rods along the circumferential direction thereof, said cage includes an inner rod are outer lever rod connected to the turntable and into the interior of the outer rod, the inner rod inside the outer lever connected to a spring, the spring force of the direction of the longitudinal direction of the outer rod of the same, said urging plate disposed inner end position of the lever, the motor of the turntable is controlled by the support rod located on one side of said motor is controlled by a PLC controller.

[0008] 优选的,所述执行机构包括截面呈T形的钉头座,所述钉头位于钉头座上,所述钉头座下部设有两个支撑板,在支撑板的底面上设有长条槽,所述长条槽与H形的传输支架两个侧板的顶端卡接,所述钉头座借助于长条槽与传输支架滑动连接,所述钉头座借助于液压缸运动,所述液压缸受控于PLC控制器。 [0008] Preferably, the actuator comprises a T-shaped cross-section stud seat, the seat nail head nail head is located, a lower portion of the nail head holder is provided with two supporting plates, provided at the bottom surface of the support plate long groove, the top of the elongated card slot and two H-shaped side plates connected to the carriers, the aid of a long groove stud seat holder slidably connected to the transmission, the stud holder by the hydraulic cylinders movement, the hydraulic cylinder is controlled by a PLC controller.

[0009] 优选的,在T形的钉头座的两侧翼板上设有穿透翼板板体的钉头杆,每个翼板上的钉头杆的数量为两个,所述钉头杆的下端为钉头,所述钉头杆的上端为杆头,在杆头与翼板之间的钉头杆杆体上设有压簧,在钉头座上设有气缸座,在气缸座上对应每一个钉头杆设有一个用于驱动钉头杆的气缸,所述气缸均受控于PLC控制器。 [0009] Preferably, the flanking T-shaped stud base plate is provided with penetration rod stud wing plate board member, the number of each wing nail head plate lever is two, said stud the lower end of the rod for nail head, an upper end of the head bar has a nail head, the nail head is provided on a compression spring between the club head body and wing, with the cylinder block in the stud seat, the cylinder block each corresponding to a stud on the lever for driving the screw head is provided with a cylinder rod, said cylinder are controlled by a PLC controller.

[0010] 优选的,所述钉头包括上下罗列的四个分头,所述分头呈圆柱状,所述分头的直径从上到下依次变小,所述四个分头的直径与四组钉孔的孔径一一对应相等,在每个分头的圆周边缘设有环形刀。 [0010] Preferably, the stud comprises four separately listed vertically, the cylindrical separately, sequentially from top to bottom of the separately diameter becomes smaller, the diameter of the four separately four nail holes aperture equal to one correspondence with the circumferential edge of each annular knife is separately.

[0011] 采用上述技术方案所产生的有益效果在于:该钉孔机可以方便快捷的在纸板上打出各种各样的孔,由于有PLC控制器控制转盘、钉头座以及钉头,所以可以使纸板的任意位置打出任意孔径的开孔,可选择一个钉头进行打孔,也可以选择四个钉头同时进行开孔,转盘可以反向转动,从而使纸板在传输支架上反复运动,同时钉头座也可以往复运动,所以说可以在任意位置打出需要直径的开孔,操作准确方便,效率高。 [0011] The beneficial effects produced by the above technical solutions that: the nail hole machine can play a variety of convenient hole in the board, because the controller PLC control dial, stud and stud seat, can be any location in the cardboard play any aperture opening, alternatively a puncturing nail head, the nail head may be simultaneously selected four openings, the turntable can be rotated in reverse so that the reciprocating movement of the cardboard on the carriers, while stud holder can also reciprocate, so that the diameter of the opening can be played at any required position, accurate and convenient operation and high efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1本发明的结构示意图; [0012] The structure of FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;

图2为图1中传输支架的俯视图; Figure 2 is a plan view of the stent of Figure 1 transmission;

图3为图1中夹物板的结构示意图; FIG 3 is a schematic view in FIG. 1 insert plate;

图4为图1中拨物杆的结构示意图; FIG 4 is a schematic view in FIG. 1 bar was dialed;

图5为图1中钉头的结构示意图。 FIG 5 is a schematic view of the nail head in FIG.

[0013] 其中,1、支撑座,2、转盘,3、夹物板,4、钉头,5、钉孔,6、载物板,7、横板,8、拨物口,10、燕尾槽,11、承力板,12、施力板,13、支撑杆,14、外杆,15、内杆,16、弹簧,17、电机,18、钉头座,19、支撑板,20、翼板,21、钉头杆,22、杆头,23、压簧,24、气缸座,25、气缸,26、分头,27、环形刀。 [0013] wherein 1, supporting base 2, the turntable 3, insert plate, 4, stud 5, nail holes, 6, loading plate 7, the lateral plate, 8, was allocated port, 10, the dovetail groove 11, the load-bearing plate, 12, a biasing plate 13, support rods 14, outer rod 15, the rod 16, spring 17, motor 18, stud seat 19, support plate 20, flange, 21, stud shaft, 22, head, 23, spring 24, cylinder block 25, cylinder 26, separately, 27, the annular knife.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0014] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明:如图1图2、图3、图4和图5所示,一种自动钉孔机,该钉孔机包括从下到上依次为支撑机构、动力机构、传输机构和执行机构,所述支撑机构包括位于地面上的支撑座1,所述动力机构包括转盘2,在转盘2的圆周面上设有长度可伸缩的拨物杆,所述传输机构包括长条状的传输通道,在传输通道处设有借助于拨物杆可在传输通道长度方向上运动的夹物板3,所述执行机构包括位于传输通道上方且可在竖直方向移动的钉头4,在传输通道的外壁上设有连通通道内部的钉孔5。 [0014] The present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments: FIG. 2, FIG. 3, a nail holes automatic machine 1 shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the machine comprises the nail holes from the on the order of a support mechanism, a power mechanism, transmission mechanism and actuator, the support mechanism comprises a support base on the ground, said power mechanism comprises a turntable 2, the peripheral surface of the turntable 2 is provided with a telescopic length dial was lever, said transmission mechanism comprises an elongated transmission channel, provided by means of a dial thereof lever movement in the longitudinal direction of the transmission channel insert plate 3 at the transmission path, positioned above the actuator comprises a transmission channel and movable in the vertical direction of the nail head 4, on the outer wall of the transmission channel 5 is provided with nail holes communicating the interior of the passage.

[0015] 传输机构包括H形的传输支架,在传输支架两个侧板的底端之间设有载物板6,所述载物板6与传输支架中间的横板7之间为传输通道,所述载物板6的中间部位为贯通载物板6两端且与载物板6长度相等的条状的拨物口8,在载物板6上设有夹物板3,所述夹物板3通过燕尾槽10与拨物口8两侧的载物板6板体滑动连接,在夹物板3的下板面处设有承力板11,在拨物杆的端部设有与承力板11相配合的施力板12,所述载物板6的两端均伸出于传输支架的两端面之外。 [0015] H-shaped transmission means comprises a transmission frame, loading plate 6 is provided between the bottom end of the carriers of the two side panels, the carrier material between the intermediate plate 6 and the plate 7 the carriers cross the transmission channel , the intermediate portion of the loading plate 6 so as to penetrate both ends of the loading plate 6 and the loading plate 6 is equal to the length of the strip-shaped dial opening 8 thereof, on the loading plate 6 is provided with an insert plate 3, the insert plate 310 is slidably connected via dovetail groove 8 on both sides thereof dial plate loading port plate 6, the plate 11 is provided with load-bearing face of the lower plate of the insert plate 3, the end portion of the rod are provided in the dial there the load-bearing plate 11 cooperating biasing plate 12, the loading plate 6 are extended at both ends outside the end faces of the carriers.

[0016] 在传输通道上部的横板7和载物板6上设有四组上下对正的钉孔5,每组钉孔5的孔径依次变小。 [0016] The four sets of vertically aligned with the nail holes 5, the nail hole diameter of successively smaller groups of five on a transmission channel 7 and the upper portion of the lateral plate loading plate 6. 所述载物板6和支撑座I之间连接有两个并排设置的支撑杆13,在支撑杆13中间设有可在竖直平面上自转的转盘2,所述转盘2通过转轴与两侧的支撑杆13转动连接,在转盘2的圆周面上沿着圆周方向均匀设有四个拨物杆,所述拨物杆包括与转盘2连接的外杆14和插到外杆14内部的内杆15,所述内杆15与外杆14内部的弹簧16连接,所述弹簧16的弹力方向与外杆14的长度方向相同,所述施力板12设在内杆15的端部位置,所述转盘2受控于位于支撑杆13 —侧的电机17,所述电机17受控于PLC控制器。 I is connected between the loading plate and the support base 6 two support rods 13 arranged side by side, in the middle of the support bar 13 may be provided in a vertical plane of rotation of the turntable 2, the turntable 2 via a rotating shaft with both the support rod 13 rotatably connected to the peripheral surface of the turntable 2 is provided with four uniformly allocated rods along the circumferential direction thereof, the dial 14 and the inner rod 14 was inserted into the outer shaft comprises an outer shaft 2 is connected to the turntable rod 15, the inner rod 15 and spring 14 inside the outer rod 16 is connected, the elastic force of the spring 16 in the same direction with the longitudinal direction of the outer rod 14, the plate 12 is provided urging the inner end position of the lever 15, the turntable 2 is controlled by the supporting rod located 13-- side of the motor 17, the motor 17 is controlled by a PLC controller.

[0017] 执行机构包括截面呈T形的钉头座18,所述钉头4位于钉头座18上,所述钉头座18下部设有两个支撑板19,在支撑板19的底面上设有长条槽,所述长条槽与H形的传输支架两个侧板的顶端卡接,所述钉头座18借助于长条槽与传输支架滑动连接,所述钉头座18借助于液压缸运动,所述液压缸受控于PLC控制器。 [0017] The actuator comprises a T-shaped cross section of the nail head base 18, the stud holder 4 is located on the stud 18, the lower portion of the nail head base 18 is provided with two support plates 19, the bottom surface of the support plate 19 with long grooves, the top of the elongated card slot and two H-shaped side plates connected to the carriers, the seat 18 by means of an elongated stud slot slidably connected with the carriers, the seat 18 by means of stud movement of the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder is controlled by a PLC controller.

[0018] 在T形的钉头座18的两侧翼板20上设有穿透翼板20板体的钉头杆21,每个翼板20上的钉头杆21的数量为两个,所述钉头杆21的下端为钉头(4),所述钉头杆21的上端为杆头22,在杆头22与翼板20之间的钉头杆21杆体上设有压簧23,在钉头座18上设有气缸座24,在气缸座24上对应每一个钉头杆21设有一个用于驱动钉头杆21的气缸25,所述气缸25均受控于PLC控制器。 [0018] The wing 20 is provided with stud rod penetrating the plate member 21 on the T-shaped stud 20 on the two sides of the flaps 18, 20 on each wing nail head lever 21 the number is two, the the lower end of said stud shaft 21 is stud (4), the upper end 21 of the nail head is a head lever 22, the stud 20 between the head 22 and the compression spring 23 is provided on the blade lever shaft 21, has a cylinder block 24, each corresponding to a stud on the rod 24 of the cylinder block 21 is provided with a lever 21 for driving the screw head of the cylinder 25, the cylinder 25 are controlled by the PLC controller 18 in the stud holder.

[0019] 钉头4包括上下罗列的四个分头26,所述分头26呈圆柱状,所述分头26的直径从上到下依次变小,所述四个分头26的直径与四组钉孔5的孔径一一对应相等,在每个分头26的圆周边缘设有环形刀27。 [0019] the vertical stud 4 comprising four listed separately 26, 26 of the split cylindrical, the diameter of the split 26 becomes smaller in descending order, the four sets of four separately diameter of the nail hole 26 5 is equal to one-aperture, an annular blade 27 at the circumferential edge 26 of each separately.

[0020] 该工具的具体使用过程为,首先将需要进行打孔的纸板放在一端的载物板6上,并且用夹物板3将纸板夹住,夹物板3为上层和下层两层结构,纸板可以夹在两个层之间,夹好固定,然后开启电机17,在PLC控制器的控制下,支撑杆13—侧的电机17开始运转,并且带动转盘2进行转动,随着转盘2的转动,拨物杆开始进行转动,当拨物杆转动到载物板6下方的时候,拨物杆端部的施力板12通过拨物口8与夹物板3下方的承力板11接触并且驱动夹物板3沿着传输通道的方向运动,在运动的过程中拨物杆的内杆15在推顶作用下被压入到外杆14的内部,所以在此过程中施力板12也会对承力板11 一个向上的推力,但是由于夹物板3通过燕尾槽10与载物板6连接,所以夹物板3不会离开载物板6,随着夹物板3带动纸板运动,在PLC控制器的控制下每个气缸25也开始动作,其触动杆头22 [0020] Specific use of the tool, the first board on the need for puncturing the loading end plate 6, and with the insert plate 3 sandwiched between cardboard, an insert plate for the upper and lower layers 3 structure, may be sandwiched between the two cardboard layers, sandwiched well fixed, and then the motor 17 is turned on, under the control of the controller PLC, and the motor-side support rods 13- 17 starts operation, the turntable 2 is rotated and driven, along with the turntable rotation, the rod 2 starts dial was rotated when the dial was turned to the loading lever beneath the plate 6 when the rod end portion urging plate 12 was dialed by dialing the port 8 and the insert was the plate 3 downward load-bearing plate the contact insert 11 and the drive plate 3 in the direction of movement of the transmission channel, the inner rod during the movement of the rod 15 was dialed is pressed into the interior of the outer rod 14 under the action of the ejector, so urging in the process 12 to 11 is also a plate upward thrust force bearing plate, but since the insert plate 3 are connected by a dovetail 10 and the loading plate 6, the insert plate 3 will not leave the loading plate 6, with the insert plate 3 led cardboard motion, under the control of the PLC controller 25 may start operation of each of the cylinders, which touch the head 22 使钉头杆21向下运动。 Nail head so that the rod 21 moves downward.

[0021] 同时PLC控制器控制液压缸驱动钉头座18沿着传输支架的长度方向进行运动,图中未画出液压缸,使钉头4对准传输支架上的各个大小不同的钉孔5,需要开多大的孔就对准多大的钉孔5,由于钉头4由四个分头26组成,而钉孔5也由四个直径不同的钉孔5组成,并且两者一一对应,当钉头4对准某一个钉孔5的时候,与该钉孔5的直径相同的分头26则刚好穿过该钉孔5,比该分头26小的分头26虽然也穿过该钉孔5,但是打出来的孔会被该分头26打出来的孔覆盖,并无影响,而比该分头26大的分头26则无法穿过该钉孔5,所以此时在纸板上就会被环形刀27打出与对准的钉孔5直径相同的开孔,受PLC控制器的控制,液压缸驱动钉头座18往复的在传输支架上运动,选择合适的钉孔5,而各个气缸25则在控制下驱动钉头4打眼,当纸板打孔完毕的时候,拨物杆会通过施力板12带动夹 [0021] Also PLC controller controls cylinder drive stud holder 18 along the longitudinal direction of motion of the carriers, not shown in FIG hydraulic cylinder so that different sizes of the respective stud on the nail holes 4 aligned with the carriers 5 , need to open holes on how much aligned with the nail hole 5, since the nail head 4 composed of four 26 separately, and also by the four nail holes 5 of different diameters composition nail hole 5, and the two-one correspondence, when 4 aligned with a hole 5 of a nail when the nail head, the nail hole with a diameter of 5 to 26 is exactly the same split nail through the aperture 5, 26 smaller than 26 separately although the split nail through the aperture 5, However, break out of the hole will be separately covered aperture 26 to break out, no effect, while larger than the split 26 can not pass through the 26 split nail hole 5, so in this case the cardboard 27 will be annular knife play nail holes 5 aligned with the same hole diameter, controlled by the PLC controller, cylinder drive stud holder 18 in a reciprocating motion on the carriers, choose the appropriate nail holes 5, 25 and each control cylinder drill driven nail head 4, when the perforated board is completed, the dial was lever will drive clamp 12 by the urging plate 物板3从传输通道的另一侧穿出,内杆15在弹簧16的推定下也会逐渐的伸长,最终施力板12脱离承力板11,则该纸板的打孔工作结束,而后一个拨物杆则带动下一个夹物板3,继续进行以上操作。 Was piercing plate 3 from the other side of the transmission channel, the inner rod 15 will gradually elongated in the estimation of the spring 16, the urging plate 12 from the final load-bearing plate 11, the end of the cardboard punch work, then the next bar was set aside was then led to a clamp plate 3, the above operations continue.

[0022] 采用上述技术方案所产生的有益效果在于:该钉孔机可以方便快捷的在纸板上打出各种各样的孔,由于有PLC控制器控制转盘、钉头座以及钉头,所以可以使纸板的任意位置打出任意孔径的开孔,可选择一个钉头进行打孔,也可以选择四个钉头同时进行开孔,转盘可以反向转动,从而使纸板在传输支架上反复运动,同时钉头座也可以往复运动,所以说可以在任意位置打出需要直径的开孔,操作准确方便,效率高。 [0022] The beneficial effects produced by the above technical solutions that: the nail hole machine can play a variety of convenient hole in the board, because the controller PLC control dial, stud and stud seat, can be any location in the cardboard play any aperture opening, alternatively a puncturing nail head, the nail head may be simultaneously selected four openings, the turntable can be rotated in reverse so that the reciprocating movement of the cardboard on the carriers, while stud holder can also reciprocate, so that the diameter of the opening can be played at any required position, accurate and convenient operation and high efficiency.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:该钉孔机包括从下到上依次为支撑机构、动力机构、传输机构和执行机构,所述支撑机构包括位于地面上的支撑座(1),所述动力机构包括转盘(2),在转盘(2)的圆周面上设有长度可伸缩的拨物杆,所述传输机构包括长条状的传输通道,在传输通道处设有借助于拨物杆可在传输通道长度方向上运动的夹物板(3),所述执行机构包括位于传输通道上方且可在竖直方向移动的钉头(4),在传输通道的外壁上设有连通通道内部的钉孔(5)。 An automatic machine nail holes, characterized in that: the machine includes a nail holes from bottom to top order to support means, power means, the actuator and transmission mechanism, said support means comprises a support base (1) on the ground said power means comprises a turntable (2), the circumferential surface of the turntable (2) is provided with a dial telescopic rod length thereof, said transport means includes elongated transmission channel, the transmission channel is provided by means of insert plate (3) was set aside lever movement in the longitudinal direction of the transport path, said actuator comprises a stud and positioned above the transport channel (4) is movable in the vertical direction, is provided on the outer wall of the transmission channel nail holes communicating the internal passage (5).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:所述传输机构包括H形的传输支架,在传输支架两个侧板的底端之间设有载物板(6),所述载物板(6)与传输支架中间的横板(7)之间为传输通道,所述载物板(6)的中间部位为贯通载物板(6)两端且与载物板(6)长度相等的条状的拨物口(8),在载物板(6)上设有夹物板(3),所述夹物板(3)通过燕尾槽(10)与拨物口(8)两侧的载物板(6)板体滑动连接,在夹物板(3)的下板面处设有承力板(11),在拨物杆的端部设有与承力板(11)相配合的施力板(12),所述载物板(6)的两端均伸出于传输支架的两端面之外。 2. An automatic machine according to one nail hole, characterized in that, wherein: said transmission mechanism comprises a H-shaped bracket transport, loading plate is provided between the bottom end of the carriers of the two side plates (6 an intermediate portion), a loading plate (6) and the intermediate transverse plate between the carriers (7) transmission channel, said loading plate (6) so as to penetrate the loading plate (6) and ends with a carrier a slab (6) of equal length strip was dial opening (8), provided with an insert plate (3) at the loading plate (6), said insert plate (3) by a dovetail groove (10) and dial was opening (8) on both sides of the loading plate (6) connected to the sliding plate, the lower face of the plate insert plate (3) is provided with a load-bearing plate (11), is provided at the end portion of the rod was allocated and load-bearing plate (11) urging the plate (12) cooperating, both ends of the loading plate (6) are projected outside both end surfaces of the carriers.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:在传输通道上部的横板(7)和载物板(6)上设有四组上下对正的钉孔(5),每组钉孔(5)的孔径依次变小。 An automatic according to claim 2 of the nail hole machine, wherein: a transmission channel in the upper portion of the horizontal plate (7) and the loading plate (6) is provided with four sets of vertically aligned holes of the nail (5 ), an aperture nail holes (5) in each group sequentially becomes smaller.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:所述载物板(6)和支撑座(I)之间连接有两个并排设置的支撑杆(13),在支撑杆(13)中间设有可在竖直平面上自转的转盘(2),所述转盘(2)通过转轴与两侧的支撑杆(13)转动连接,在转盘(2)的圆周面上沿着圆周方向均匀设有四个拨物杆,所述拨物杆包括与转盘(2)连接的外杆(14)和插到外杆(14)内部的内杆(15),所述内杆(15)与外杆(14)内部的弹簧(16)连接,所述弹簧(16)的弹力方向与外杆(14)的长度方向相同,所述施力板(12)设在内杆(15)的端部位置,所述转盘(2 )受控于位于支撑杆(13 ) —侧的电机(17 ),所述电机(17 )受控于PLC控制器。 According to claim An automatic machine according nail holes 3, characterized in that: said support bar has two side by side between the loading plate (6) and the support base (I) is connected (13), in support bars (13) is provided with an intermediate wheel (2) rotation in a vertical plane, said turntable (2) rotatably connected by a shaft and both sides of the support bar (13), the circumferential surface of the turntable (2) uniformly along the circumferential direction thereof is provided with four rods dial, the dial of the turntable (2) connected to the outer rod (14) and into the outer rod (14) inside the inner rod (15), said inner material comprises a rod rod (15) and an outer rod (14) inside a spring (16) is connected to the same direction of the longitudinal direction of the elastic force of the spring (16) and the outer rod (14), said biasing plate (12) provided on an inner rod (15) the end position, the turntable (2) is controlled by the support bar is located (13) - motor (17) side of the motor (17) controlled by a PLC controller.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:所述执行机构包括截面呈T形的钉头座(18),所述钉头(4)位于钉头座(18)上,所述钉头座(18)下部设有两个支撑板(19),在支撑板(19)的底面上设有长条槽,所述长条槽与H形的传输支架两个侧板的顶端卡接,所述钉头座(18)借助于长条槽与传输支架滑动连接,所述钉头座(18)借助于液压缸运动,所述液压缸受控于PLC控制器。 5. An automatic machine nail holes 4, characterized in that, wherein: said actuator comprises a T-shaped cross-section stud seat (18), said stud (4) is located stud seat (18 a), said stud seat (18) a lower portion provided with two support plates (19), is provided with elongated grooves on the bottom surface of the support plate (19), the elongated groove and the carriers of the two H-shaped card connected to the top side of the stud holder (18) with the aid of a long groove slidably connected to the carriers, said stud seat (18) movement by the hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic cylinder is controlled by the PLC controller .
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:在T形的钉头座(18)的两侧翼板(20 )上设有穿透翼板(20 )板体的钉头杆(21),每个翼板(20 )上的钉头杆(21)的数量为两个,所述钉头杆(21)的下端为钉头(4),所述钉头杆(21)的上端为杆头(22),在杆头(22)与翼板(20)之间的钉头杆(21)杆体上设有压簧(23),在钉头座(18)上设有气缸座(24),在气缸座(24)上对应每一个钉头杆(21)设有一个用于驱动钉头杆(21)的气缸(25),所述气缸(25)均受控于PLC控制器。 6. An automatic machine nail hole 5, which is characterized in the claims: In the T-shaped stud on both sides of blade seat (18) is provided with a penetration blade (20) on the plate (20) stud bar (21), the quantity of each wing stud bar (21) (20) is two, said stud shaft (21) of the lower end of the screw head (4), said stud shaft an upper end (21) of the head (22), between the head (22) and the wing (20) of the stud stem (21) is provided with a compression spring (23) on the rod, the stud holder (18) is provided on the cylinder block (24), the cylinder block corresponding to each stud bar (21) is provided with a cylinder (25) for driving a stud shaft (21) (24), the cylinder (25) are controlled by the PLC controller.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的一种自动钉孔机,其特征是:所述钉头(4)包括上下罗列的四个分头(26),所述分头(26)呈圆柱状,所述分头(26)的直径从上到下依次变小,所述四个分头(26 )的直径与四组钉孔(5 )的孔径一一对应相等,在每个分头(26 )的圆周边缘设有环形刀(27)。 An automatic according to claim nail hole to claim 6, wherein: said nail head (4) comprises four separately (26) up and down the list, the split (26) is cylindrical, said separately (26) becomes smaller in diameter from top to bottom, the four separately (26) with an aperture diameter of four nail holes (5) is equal to one to one correspondence, each separately provided in a circumferential edge (26) An annular cutter (27).
CN 201510365935 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An automatic machine nail holes CN104942875B (en)

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CN 201510365935 CN104942875B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An automatic machine nail holes
CN 201610224191 CN105690478B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An automatic transmission mechanism nail holes Machine
CN 201610224168 CN105751310B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 Actuated automatic machine nail holes
CN 201610224192 CN105729570B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 One kind of machine with an automatic transmission mechanism of the nail hole
CN 201610224170 CN105798989B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An automatic actuator nail holes Machine
CN 201610224193 CN105690477B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 One kind of nail holes machine with automatic actuator
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CN 201510365935 CN104942875B (en) 2015-06-29 2015-06-29 An automatic machine nail holes
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CN204309037U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-05-06 成都聚智工业设计有限公司 Punching device for accountant
CN204748781U (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 崔子扬 Automatic nail hole machine

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CN105798989A (en) 2016-07-27 application
CN105798989B (en) 2017-12-05 grant
CN105690477B (en) 2017-12-29 grant
CN105690478A (en) 2016-06-22 application
CN104942875B (en) 2016-08-31 grant
CN105936064A (en) 2016-09-14 application
CN105690477A (en) 2016-06-22 application
CN105690478B (en) 2017-12-05 grant

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