CN104925434A - Garbage self-loading and unloading automobile - Google Patents

Garbage self-loading and unloading automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104925434A
CN104925434A CN201510259059.7A CN201510259059A CN104925434A CN 104925434 A CN104925434 A CN 104925434A CN 201510259059 A CN201510259059 A CN 201510259059A CN 104925434 A CN104925434 A CN 104925434A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
automobile
unloading
rubbish
self
loading
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CN201510259059.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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白景魁
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白景魁
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Priority to CN201510259059.7A priority Critical patent/CN104925434A/en
Publication of CN104925434A publication Critical patent/CN104925434A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/12Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor with devices facilitating emptying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/14Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse with devices for charging, distributing or compressing refuse in the interior of the tank of a refuse vehicle

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of environmental sanitation equipment manufacture, and discloses a garbage self-loading and unloading automobile to solve the technical problems that more equipment and sanitation workers are required, the labor intensity is high, the garbage standing time is long, and the possibility of secondary pollution is high due to the fact that a garbage transfer station or a garbage temporary transfer point is used for collection and transportation of garbage at present, valuable soil is required to be occupied, and a repetitive routine exists. According to the garbage self-loading and unloading automobile, the compressible and self-unloading garbage transportation automobile equipped with a liftable swinging arm telescopic crane is matched with a touch-unloading type garbage can for use, and the existing equipment for collecting, loading, unloading and transporting the garbage is replaced.

Description

A kind of automobile of Self-loading-unloading rubbish
(1) technical field
The automobile of a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish of the present invention, belongs to environmental sanitation equipment manufacturing technology field.
(2) background technology
Along with the high speed development of China's Urbanization Construction, many boom cities are coming forth, and original city is also being expanded rapidly, and the house refuse in urban population surge city and rural area increases with geometric series especially.But current China municipal transport rubbish vehicle, need support the use with garbage transfer station mostly, take valuable soil, city, and garbage transfer station need be configured with expensive gas booster compressor, such as automatic dumping type garbage compressing storage machine, the rubbish after transhipment station compression is transported by waste-skip;
Or loaded and unloaded compression type garbage truck directly carried off the refuse by side dress, rear dress, this waste-skip supports the use at the sewage disposer of the garbage transfer point of kerbside setting usually, due in load garbage process, and need with manually sewage disposer being hung up hook; Also need sewage disposer to topple over, thus matching used sewage disposer rigidity requirement is high, uncovered, has that labour intensity is large, labor condition is poor, a unhygienic drawback with affecting city and sighting, thus these cars and the application of this sewage disposer wideless; Also have numerous inefficiency by the brandless refuse collection lorry of people's fixture vehicle, the hand barrow etc. of transport of refuse.
The collection of rubbish, handling and the present situation of transporting, do not caught up with the paces of Urbanization Construction.
(3) summary of the invention
The automobile of a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish of the present invention, the automobile that technical matters to be solved is to provide a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish with touch unload formula sewage disposer with the use of, to replace garbage transfer station and the garbage compression storage machine of prior art, side dress, rear dress load and unload compression type garbage truck, refuse collection lorry that is numerous, various types of inefficiency and manpower cram packer.
It is as follows that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme:
The automobile of a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish of the present invention, by installing swinging arm extension loop wheel machine that organic liquid control system controls on the automobile being configured with hydraulic power unit, be provided with between operator's compartment and compartment for loop wheel machine rise and fall lifter, be provided with on top board for touch the formula sewage disposer of unloading unload rubbish be discharged into mouthpart, take top board as the roof pressing type compactor of pressing plate, the rubbish ejector arranged in compartment, the opening/closing device arranged at back door and form as system at the freeing arrangement that base plate is arranged, realize the lifting of rubbish, compacting, transport and unload.
Swinging arm extension loop wheel machine is wherein, by the grooved guide rail of two on the support arranged on the side plate on the right of compartment, the miniature gears that the tooth bar installed in a grooved guide rail is wherein connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor on two pairs of road wheels is connected by meshing transmission and makes the shifter of System's composition loop wheel machine; Shifter two pairs of road wheels are connected to by support the cylinder body of an oscillating motor, the output shaft of this oscillating motor is linked the cylinder body of another oscillating motor by support, the principal arm of loop wheel machine connects on the output shaft of a rear oscillating motor, and the end of the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder in principal arm is connected by removable connector with suspension hook with the end of telescopic boom, supporting plate; The principal arm of loop wheel machine and telescopic boom are the arm respectively with the hexagonal cross-section that two vertical edges are slightly grown, and loop wheel machine touches for lifting and unloads formula sewage disposer.The effect of supporting plate can make to touch the distance of unloading formula sewage disposer and principal arm and strengthens and not easily collide.
Lifter is wherein, piston rod end be provided with backing plate, short lead rail, short tooth bar hydraulic actuating cylinder be arranged on the support on the chassis of automobile, make system with limit guide groove frame and form; When piston rod reaching upper limit, the guide rail in short lead rail, short tooth bar and carriage top, tooth bar level are coincide in the same way to connecting, and loop wheel machine can move on these two sections of guide rails; When under piston rod during contracting, the loop wheel machine in short lead rail can be underlying.
The mouthpart that is discharged into wherein is, on top board, uniform several round unload entrance, its diameter can make to touch the formula self-unloading receptacle of unloading put into unload entrance can open the body dumping mechanism of bucket and bucket can not all through unloading entrance, and controlled by hydraulic actuating cylinder that adapter shaft connects cover plate, entrance is unloaded in the keying of baffle plate in sliding guide groove on top board.
Roof pressing type compactor is wherein, the chassis that the hydraulic actuating cylinder of the top board axle connect on top board by several piston rod ends is arranged on automobile forms as system, and the vertical guide slot that top board axle is arranged along both sides, compartment moves down and makes top board by garbage truck.
Ejector is wherein, base plate in compartment and the right and left on side plate are separately installed with the horizontal guide groove slided for push rod, push pedal is arranged on push rod, upper push-rod is connected with the piston rod end of the double-acting multistage hydraulic cylinder of single rod, and this hydraulic actuating cylinder is arranged on the support on the chassis of automobile through the header board in compartment.
Back door opening/closing device is wherein, back door is two fan revolving doors, the upper and lower two ends of door-hinge of often fanning revolving door are mounted with the keying that oscillating motor controls revolving door, the reinforcement thick stick that the rotated moving axis that controlled by oscillating motor rotates also is equipped with at the middle part of revolving door, when strengthen when thick stick forwards upright position to can breakdown revolving door; To strengthen the intensity of revolving door on the crank being stuck in both sides, compartment when strengthening thick stick and forwarding level attitude to.
Freeing arrangement is wherein, several straight troughs base plate has several have the ellipse of identical central, being dispersed with by different directions connect oval drainage channel, and come together in the breaker plate at oval center, sewage can be concentrated the sewage collector entering breaker plate lower device, the drainage channel of this shape can make sewage more easily flow to sewage collector.
Machine liquid management system wherein, system is pressed by pumping plant and machine and is handled valve seat and form: maneuvering valve controls the oscillating motor of the principal arm of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, the hydraulic actuating cylinder of telescopic boom; The HM Hydraulic Motor of shifter, oscillating motor; Several hydraulic actuating cylinders of roof pressing type compactor; The hydraulic actuating cylinder of lifter; Be discharged into the hydraulic actuating cylinder of mouthpart; Single rod Double Acting Telescopic Hydraulic Cylinder of ejector; Several oscillating motors of back door opening/closing device; Wherein the main swing arm hydraulic actuating cylinder of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, the hydraulic actuating cylinder returning apparatus of telescopic boom have differential rapid movement loop; Realize flexible, the swing of piston sheet of each hydraulic cylinder piston rod by controlling driven valve, adjustment that motor turns to rotating speed and horsepower output, to obtain complex operation speed and the direction of these required systems.
Matching used the touching of the present invention unloads formula sewage disposer, this bucket is provided with body dumping mechanism and control lid mechanism, open body dumping mechanism in grazing mode and unload rubbish, wherein: carrying handle is connected with two edges fastener, ladle body fastener is connected with two edges, base plate, eave tile leverage is connected to the bottom of an edge strip and this edge strip one and reinstates fastener and be connected on base plate, and a positioning block to be connected on another edge strip and to be connected on base plate with fastener, and all the other several locating piece fasteners are connected with base plate;
Body dumping mechanism: base plate is an annular slab, the outside diameter of base plate is greater than the diameter of ladle body bottom surface, the interior circular diameter of base plate is less than the diameter of ladle body bottom surface, buckle is a circular slab, one end of buckle and base plate are with chain connection, the other end of buckle makes eave tile leverage be buckled on base plate because of the effect of spring, spring fitting is between the upper end and edge strip of eave tile leverage, and strut member and locating part are connected on the bottom surface of buckle;
Control lid mechanism: the pedal rod that the two groups of control removable covers installed by two removable covers installed at carrying handle both sides hinge and corresponding symmetry open and close, lock tread elements form as system.
Touch and unload that the dispersion of formula sewage disposer is placed on street, rubbish is around collected in the vacant lot of public place and residential quarters, be responsible for loading transport by the automobile of Self-loading-unloading rubbish.Swinging arm extension loop wheel machine is moved on to carriage top by the lifter of bus equipment, moves to suitable location and is risen and hang onto being discharged on mouthpart in carriage top and be discharged in compartment by rubbish by the formula sewage disposer of unloading that touches filling rubbish, and then is hung by bucket and transfer on the ground.When the suitable height in compartment filled by rubbish, restart top board compactor by garbage truck.The automobile filling rubbish sails to and unloads rubbish point, starts back door opening/closing device and opens back door, start ejector, unloaded by rubbish.
Compared with prior art, its beneficial effect is in the present invention:
1, the automobile of a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish of the present invention, adopts machine liquid integrated technology, mainly through special purpose devices such as rubbish compartment, hoisting device, ejector, hydraulic efficiency pressure systems, by machine, liquid combined control system, realizes that rubbish is poured into, the function such as compacting and discharging.Make that refuse collection transportation mode is easy, efficient, loading mass is large, operation dynamic property, the feature of environmental protection are good, and sanitationman can be made to clear up rubbish in time.
In addition, type shape due to drainage channel of the present invention (64) is that several have the ellipse of identical central, and connect oval groove by 8 grooves that different directions is dispersed with, draining can be made more smooth and easy more concentrated, add that the volume of sewage collector is large as far as possible, sewage draining exit is large as far as possible, this car is full seal type, the sewage draining exit of back door and sewage collector is all equipped with sealing mat piece, be conducive to effluent seepage Resolving probiems, the pollution that effective solution garbage leachate effusion causes ground, solves the secondary pollution in garbage transporting process.
Formula sewage disposer is unloaded with touching of using of the automobile accessories of this Self-loading-unloading rubbish, owing to taking the mode of two-way opening, refuse collection bucket is provided with two groups of pedal rod systems controlling removable cover and open and close of two removable covers and corresponding symmetry installation, rubbish can be dropped into respectively in the front and back of sewage disposer or two, left and right opposite sense, make the angle of input rubbish and range extension one times, greatly facilitate people and drop into rubbish, after opening with foot pedals cover plate, the angle that bung is raised can not climb over another side more than 90 °, and pin one leaves treadle, cover plate falls immediately and automatically closes bung, opening and closing movement reliable and stable.In addition, when push down on the pedal opens removable cover, light pedal of dialling allows lock tread elements tangle pedal, and removable cover keeps often opening, and dial pedal lock-off as oppositely light, removable cover is closed, and tangle pedal if do not dialled lock tread elements, namely removable cover can open and namely close; Touch this function of unloading formula sewage disposer, make garbage throwing more convenient, and rubbish is once running into tank, be just in closed state, seem sanitation and hygiene always, is conducive to city sight.
Touch the both sides that the formula sewage disposer of unloading is placed on road, street road, be placed on the vacant lot of residential quarters, public place, collect the rubbish near sewage disposer, comprise the rubbish that electric floor sweeping car is collected, and then directly transported by Self-loading-unloading refuse collection lorry of the present invention, these rubbish need not be sent to garbage transfer station or interim garbage transfer point again, accomplish that rubbish immediately produces instant barrelling and immediately transports, greatly reduce the work capacity sending rubbish, reduce labour intensity, avoid rubbish to produce secondary pollution, finally reach the effect obviously reducing and use sanitationman.
Unload entrance when being put by refuse collection bucket with swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, locating piece protects ladle body and is not collided, and limits bucket in the position of unloading entrance, and now unloading entrance limit grazing eave tile leverage, Compress Spring, buckle is opened, namely body dumping mechanism is opened, and rubbish is unloaded owing to conducting oneself with dignity.Swinging arm extension crane device wherein has the differential rapid movement loop of hydraulic actuating cylinder, when the sewage disposer lifted by crane is in the position outside compartment, sewage disposer can fast lifting or decline, the process of whole lifting rubbish, side compared with prior art fills, bucket raising legs hung by the band of rear dress handling compression type garbage truck, toppled over by extension bucket, powerful filling, pushes the load garbage process into compartment rubbish, seem simpler, smooth and easy nature, the used time is less, and efficiency is higher.
2., on the compartment roof plate of refuse collection lorry of the present invention, uniform several unload a mouthful positioning seat, and rubbish can unload mouthful positioning seat from these and enters and evenly can be covered with compartment, and rubbish could be filled compartment without the need to starting pusher as the vehicle of prior art.
3. the present invention directly utilizes the pressing plate of top board as compactor in compartment, do not take the volume in compartment, and the rubbish of some can be filled in compartment, such as install to the half in compartment, or just need start compactor when 3/5, about 4/5 by garbage truck, and the heavier rubbish of mud and so on will be transported, also can start compactor, fill than the extension bucket side of prior art, rear dress handling compression type garbage truck needs one to fill the mode of a pressure simple and easy superior.In addition, the direction of its compacting is consistent with the gravity direction of rubbish, and the effect of compacting rubbish is better than the effect of the compacting direction of the prior art compacting rubbish vertical with the gravity direction of rubbish.
4. on the compartment of refuse collection lorry of the present invention, device has a moveable swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, can by the right of vehicle, be placed on ground rubbish at random below and be lifted to and unload on mouthful positioning seat, its lifting radius is large, lifting scope is wide, rubbish all can be lifted by crane in the area that all garbage transporting vehicles arrive, and this is also the factor saving garbage transfer station.
5. owing to have employed above technical measures, refuse collection lorry of the present invention can use tire less, vehicle that chassis is lower, compartment can manufacture get Geng Gao, longer, wider in allowed limits, the volume in compartment can be larger, according to measuring and calculating, compartment of the present invention can manufacture be twice than the compartment of prior art.Such as, the transport of refuse automobile of prior art, the volume in its rubbish compartment is maximum not more than 10M 3, load carrying ability is also at below 4T.And use refuse collection lorry of the present invention, the volume in its compartment can reach 40M 3above, the load carrying ability of rubbish is also at about 20T.In other words, refuse collection lorry of the present invention is compared with the refuse collection lorry of prior art, its conveying efficiency can improve about 5 times, therefore can replace the garbage transfer station of prior art, garbage compression storage machine, self-discharging garbage vehicle, refuse collection lorry that is numerous, various types of inefficiency, and its resultant effect is more excellent.
(4) accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the vehicle structure schematic diagram of a kind of Self-loading-unloading rubbish of the present invention, performance swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3) prepares lifting and is placed on touching on ground (28) and unloads formula sewage disposer (7), and bucket is lifted to the structure of unloading position on entrance and back door opening/closing device (11) on compartment
Fig. 2 is structural representation front view of the present invention, performance swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3), lifter (5), be discharged into mouthpart (8) top board compactor (6), ejector (9) and freeing arrangement (12) distributing position and construct accordingly
Fig. 3 is that schematic diagram looked by swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3) three of the present invention
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of freeing arrangement of the present invention (12)
Fig. 5 is machine liquid management system figure of the present invention
Fig. 6 of the present inventionly touches the structural representation unloading formula sewage disposer (7)
(5) detailed description of the invention
Be described principle of the present invention and feature below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.
As Fig. 1, the automobile of the Self-loading-unloading rubbish shown in Fig. 2, by the swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3) installing the control of organic liquid control system on the automobile being configured with hydraulic power unit (1), lifter (5) for loop wheel machine (3) rise and fall is installed between operator's compartment (4) and compartment (2), top board (13) is provided with for touch unload that formula sewage disposer (7) unloads rubbish be discharged into mouthpart (8), the roof pressing type compactor (6) being pressing plate with top board (13), the rubbish ejector (9) arranged in compartment (2), the opening/closing device (11) arranged in back door (10) and make system composition at the freeing arrangement (12) that base plate (14) is arranged, realize the lifting of rubbish, compacting, transport and unload.
Lifter (5) wherein, piston rod end be provided with backing plate (31), short lead rail (32), short tooth bar (33) hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) be arranged on the support (22) on the chassis (34) of automobile, make system with limit guide groove frame (35) and form; When piston rod reaching upper limit, short lead rail (32), short tooth bar (33) coincide to connecting in the same way with the guide rail (23) on compartment (2) top, tooth bar (24) level, and loop wheel machine (3) can move on these two sections of guide rails; When under piston rod during contracting, the loop wheel machine (3) in short lead rail (32) can be underlying.
Wherein be discharged into mouthpart (8), round entrance is unloaded at upper uniform several of top board (13), its diameter can make to touch unload formula self-unloading receptacle (7) put into unload entrance can open the body dumping mechanism of bucket and bucket can not all through unloading entrance, and in sliding guide groove (55) on top board (13) connect cover plate (52) by hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) control linkage axle (54), baffle plate (53) opens and closes and unloads entrance.
Roof pressing type compactor (6) wherein, the chassis (34) that the hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) of the top board axle (36) connect on top board (13) by several piston rod ends is arranged on automobile forms as system, and the vertical guide slot (37) that top board axle (36) is arranged along compartment (2) both sides moves down and makes top board (13) by garbage truck.
Ejector (9) wherein, base plate (14) in compartment (2) is separately installed with the right and left on side plate (21) the horizontal guide groove (56) slided for push rod (58), push pedal (57) is arranged on push rod (58), upper push-rod (58) is connected with the piston rod end of the double-acting multistage hydraulic cylinder of single rod (59), and this hydraulic actuating cylinder is arranged on the support (22) on the chassis (34) of automobile through the header board (60) in compartment (2).
Back door opening/closing device (11) wherein, back door (10) is two fan revolving doors, the upper and lower two ends of door-hinge of often fanning revolving door are mounted with the keying that oscillating motor (18) controls revolving door, the reinforcement thick stick (62) that the rotated moving axis (61) that controlled by oscillating motor (18) rotates also is equipped with at the middle part of revolving door, when strengthen when thick stick (62) forwards upright position to can breakdown revolving door; To strengthen the intensity of revolving door on the crank (63) being stuck in compartment (2) both sides when strengthening thick stick (62) and forwarding level attitude to.
Swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3) as shown in Figure 3, by two grooved guide rails (23) on the support (22) of the upper setting of side plate (21) along compartment (2) the right, the miniature gears (27) that the tooth bar (24) installed in a grooved guide rail (23) is wherein connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor (26) on two pairs of road wheels (25) is connected by meshing transmission and makes System's composition loop wheel machine shifter (15), shifter (15) two pairs of road wheels (25) are connected to by support (22) cylinder body of an oscillating motor (68), the output shaft of this oscillating motor (68) is linked the cylinder body of another oscillating motor (69) by support (22), the principal arm (17) of loop wheel machine (3) connects on the output shaft of a rear oscillating motor (69), the end of the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) in principal arm (17) and the end of telescopic boom (16), supporting plate (19) is connected by removable connector (30) with suspension hook (20), principal arm (17) and the telescopic boom (16) of loop wheel machine (3) are the arm respectively with the hexagonal cross-section that two vertical edges are slightly grown, and loop wheel machine (3) touches for lifting and unloads formula sewage disposer.
Freeing arrangement system (12) as described in Figure 4, several straight troughs base plate (14) has several have the ellipse of identical central, being dispersed with by different directions connect oval drainage channel (64), and come together in the breaker plate (66) at oval center, sewage can be concentrated the sewage collector (65) entering breaker plate (66) lower device.
Machine liquid management system as shown in Figure 5, system is pressed by pumping plant (1) and machine and is handled valve seat (67) and form: maneuvering valve (67) controls the oscillating motor (18) of the principal arm (17) of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3), the hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) of telescopic boom (16); The HM Hydraulic Motor (26) of shifter (15), oscillating motor (18); Several hydraulic actuating cylinders (29) of roof pressing type compactor (6); The hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) of lifter; Be discharged into the hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) of mouthpart (8); Single rod Double Acting Telescopic Hydraulic Cylinder (59) of ejector (9); Several oscillating motors (18) of back door opening/closing device (11); Wherein principal arm (17) oscillating motor (18) of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine (3), hydraulic actuating cylinder (29) returning apparatus of telescopic boom (16) have differential rapid movement loop; Realize flexible, the swing of piston sheet of each hydraulic cylinder piston rod by controlling driven valve (67), adjustment that motor turns to rotating speed and horsepower output, to obtain complex operation speed and the direction of these required systems.
Of the present invention touching as shown in Figure 6 unloads formula sewage disposer (7), this bucket is provided with body dumping mechanism and control lid mechanism, open body dumping mechanism in grazing mode and unload rubbish, wherein: carrying handle (38) is connected with two edges (39) fastener (40), ladle body (41) fastener (40) screw and two edges (39), base plate (42) connects, eave tile leverage (43) is connected to the bottom of an edge strip (39) and this edge strip (39) and reinstates fastener (40) and be connected on base plate (42), a positioning block (44) is connected to another edge strip (39) and goes up and use fastener (40) to be connected on base plate (42), all the other several locating pieces (44) fastener (40) screws are connected with base plate (42):
Body dumping mechanism: base plate (42) is an annular slab, the outside diameter of base plate (42) is greater than the diameter of ladle body (41) bottom surface, the interior circular diameter of base plate (42) is less than with the diameter of ladle body (41) bottom surface, buckle (45) is a circular slab, one end of this buckle (45) and base plate (42) are with chain connection, the other end of buckle (45) makes eave tile leverage (43) be buckled on base plate (42) because of the effect of springs (46), springs (46) is arranged between the upper end of eave tile leverage (43) and edge strip (39), strut member (47) and locating part (48) are connected on the bottom surface of buckle (45),
Control lid mechanism: the pedal rod (50) that the two groups of control removable covers installed by two removable covers (49) of installing at carrying handle (38) both sides hinge and corresponding symmetry open and close, lock tread elements (51) form as system.
Originally touch and unload formula sewage disposer except bung ladle body aluminium plate makes, all the other components all make of ironware.In addition, the seam device between two removable covers (49) has the flexible organic material mat piece of waterproof.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the automobile of a Self-loading-unloading rubbish, it is characterized in that, by installing swinging arm extension loop wheel machine that organic liquid control system controls on the automobile being configured with hydraulic power unit, be provided with between operator's compartment and compartment for loop wheel machine rise and fall lifter, be provided with on top board for touch the formula sewage disposer of unloading unload rubbish be discharged into mouthpart, take top board as the roof pressing type compactor of pressing plate, the rubbish ejector arranged in compartment, the opening/closing device arranged at back door and form as system at the freeing arrangement that base plate is arranged, realize the lifting of rubbish, compacting, transport and unload.
2. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, it is characterized in that, by the grooved guide rail of two on the support arranged on the side plate on the right of compartment, the miniature gears that the tooth bar installed in a grooved guide rail is wherein connected with the HM Hydraulic Motor on two pairs of road wheels is connected by meshing transmission and makes System's composition loop wheel machine shifter; Shifter two pairs of road wheels are connected to by support the cylinder body of an oscillating motor, the output shaft of this swing is linked the cylinder body of another oscillating motor by support, the principal arm of loop wheel machine connects on the output shaft of a rear oscillating motor, and the end of the piston rod of the hydraulic actuating cylinder in principal arm is connected by removable connector with suspension hook with the end of telescopic boom, supporting plate; The principal arm of loop wheel machine and telescopic boom are the arm respectively with the hexagonal cross-section that two vertical edges are slightly grown, and loop wheel machine touches for lifting and unloads formula sewage disposer.
3., according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described lifter, is characterized in that, piston rod end be provided with backing plate, short lead rail, short tooth bar hydraulic actuating cylinder be arranged on the support on the chassis of automobile, make system with limit guide groove frame and form; When piston rod reaching upper limit, the guide rail in short lead rail, short tooth bar and carriage top, tooth bar level are coincide in the same way to connecting, and loop wheel machine can move on these two sections of guide rails; When under piston rod during contracting, the loop wheel machine in short lead rail can be underlying.
4. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described is discharged into mouthpart, it is characterized in that, on top board, uniform several round unload entrance, its diameter can make to touch the formula self-unloading receptacle of unloading put into unload entrance can open the body dumping mechanism of bucket and bucket can not all through unloading entrance, and controlled by hydraulic actuating cylinder that adapter shaft connects cover plate, entrance is unloaded in the keying of baffle plate in sliding guide groove on top board.
5. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described roof pressing type compactor, it is characterized in that, the chassis that the hydraulic actuating cylinder of the top board axle connect on top board by several piston rod ends is arranged on automobile forms as system, and the vertical guide slot that top board axle is arranged along both sides, compartment moves down and makes top board by garbage truck.
6. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described ejector, it is characterized in that, base plate in compartment and the right and left on side plate are separately installed with the horizontal guide groove slided for push rod, push pedal is arranged on push rod, upper push-rod is connected with the piston rod end of the double-acting multistage hydraulic cylinder of single rod, and this hydraulic actuating cylinder is arranged on the support on the chassis of automobile through the header board in compartment.
7. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described back door opening/closing device, it is characterized in that, back door is two fan revolving doors, the upper and lower two ends of door-hinge of often fanning revolving door are mounted with the keying that oscillating motor controls revolving door, the reinforcement thick stick that the rotated moving axis that controlled by oscillating motor rotates also is equipped with at the middle part of revolving door, when strengthen when thick stick forwards upright position to can breakdown revolving door; To strengthen the intensity of revolving door on the crank being stuck in both sides, compartment when strengthening thick stick and forwarding level attitude to.
8. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described freeing arrangement, it is characterized in that, several straight troughs base plate has several have the ellipse of identical central, being dispersed with by different directions connect oval drainage channel, and come together in the breaker plate at oval center, sewage can be concentrated the sewage collector entering breaker plate lower device.
9. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, described machine liquid management system, it is characterized in that, system is pressed by pumping plant and machine and is handled valve seat and form: maneuvering valve controls the oscillating motor of the principal arm of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, the hydraulic actuating cylinder of telescopic boom; The HM Hydraulic Motor of shifter, oscillating motor; Several hydraulic actuating cylinders of roof pressing type compactor; The hydraulic actuating cylinder of lifter; Be discharged into the hydraulic actuating cylinder of mouthpart; Single rod Double Acting Telescopic Hydraulic Cylinder of ejector; Several oscillating motors of back door opening/closing device; Wherein the main swing arm hydraulic actuating cylinder of swinging arm extension loop wheel machine, the hydraulic actuating cylinder returning apparatus of telescopic boom have differential rapid movement loop; Realize flexible, the swing of piston sheet of each hydraulic cylinder piston rod by controlling driven valve, adjustment that motor turns to rotating speed and horsepower output, to obtain complex operation speed and the direction of these required systems.
10. according to the automobile of a claim 1 Self-loading-unloading rubbish, formula sewage disposer is unloaded in described touching, it is characterized in that, this bucket is provided with body dumping mechanism and control lid mechanism, open body dumping mechanism in grazing mode and unload rubbish, wherein: carrying handle is connected with two edges fastener, ladle body fastener is connected with two edges, base plate, eave tile leverage is connected to the bottom of an edge strip and this edge strip one and reinstates fastener and be connected on base plate, a positioning block to be connected on another edge strip and to be connected on base plate with fastener, and all the other several locating piece fasteners are connected with base plate;
Body dumping mechanism: base plate is an annular slab, the outside diameter of base plate is greater than the diameter of ladle body bottom surface, the interior circular diameter of base plate is less than the diameter of ladle body bottom surface, buckle is a circular slab, one end of buckle and base plate are with chain connection, the other end of buckle makes eave tile leverage be buckled on base plate because of the effect of spring, spring fitting is between the upper end and edge strip of eave tile leverage, and strut member and locating part are connected on the bottom surface of buckle;
Control lid mechanism: the pedal rod that the two groups of control removable covers installed by two removable covers installed at carrying handle both sides hinge and corresponding symmetry open and close, lock tread elements form as system.
CN201510259059.7A 2015-05-21 2015-05-21 Garbage self-loading and unloading automobile Pending CN104925434A (en)

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CN105947496A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-21 白景魁 Set of compact type waste transportation equipment

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CN105947496A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-09-21 白景魁 Set of compact type waste transportation equipment

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Application publication date: 20150923