CN104762915A - Machine for sweeping road surface - Google Patents

Machine for sweeping road surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104762915A
CN104762915A CN201510172156.2A CN201510172156A CN104762915A CN 104762915 A CN104762915 A CN 104762915A CN 201510172156 A CN201510172156 A CN 201510172156A CN 104762915 A CN104762915 A CN 104762915A
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machine
bearing
road
commutator
driven
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CN201510172156.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104762915B (en
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曹林海
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曹林海
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Abstract

The invention relates to a machine for sweeping a road surface, and belongs to the technical field of road surface snow clearing, ice clearing and dust removing. The machine for sweeping the road surface comprises a power machine. The power machine is connected with one end of a power shaft, and the other end of the power shaft is connected with a reverser. The reverser is connected with a main driving shaft. A left bearing is arranged at the left end of the main driving shaft, and a right bearing is arranged at the right end of the main driving shaft. The part, from the reverser to the left bearing, of the main driving shaft and the part, from the reverser to the right bearing, of the main driving shaft are each provided with two driving chain wheels. The driving chain wheels are connected with corresponding driven chain wheels through chains, and the driven chain wheels are connected with reversing transmissions through driven chain wheel shafts. Main belt pulleys are arranged on the upper portions of the reversing transmissions, and the main belt pulleys are connected with slave belt pulleys through triangular belts. The lower ends of the slave belt pulleys are connected with cleaning disks. The reverser, the left bearing, the right bearing, the driven chain wheels, the reversing transmissions, the main belt pulleys and the slave belt pulleys are all fixedly connected to a supporting steel plate, and the cleaning disks are arranged on the lower portion of the supporting steel plate. The machine for sweeping the road surface has the advantages of being clean in sweeping, economic and time-efficient.

Description

A kind of machine cleaning road surface
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of the clear ice in road surface and dedusting, be specifically related to a kind of machine cleaning road surface.
Background technology
Snow winter and can bring very big inconvenience to urban traffic, especially heavy snow, severe snow can to the impact of bringing on a disaster property of urban traffic, and existing snow clearing machinery majority adopts polishing, shoveling, loading action to interlock frequent, plant room harmony is not good, thus inefficiency, cause clear the snow consuming time longer, accumulated snow is rolled into ice and more difficult cleaning by vehicle, causes long-time adverse effect to urban traffic.
And of the prior artly to clear the snow, ice-clearning machine tool performance is single, in 1 year, standby time is long, causes the idle consequence of machinery to have: not use for a long time and can make machine passivation, also need periodic maintenance to maintain; Empty lots also can make the regular economic benefit of machine reduce.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, the invention provides a kind of machine cleaning road surface, the machine on this cleaning road surface not only can clearly ice, clear the snow, but also can environment temperature in environment above freezing for cleaning the dust on road surface.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of machine cleaning road surface, comprise engine, described engine connects one end of line shaft, the other end of described line shaft connects commutator, described commutator connects final drive shaft, the left end of described final drive shaft arranges left bearing, right-hand member arranges right bearing, described commutator is to described left bearing, described commutator all arranges two drive sprockets to the described final drive shaft of described right bearing, described drive sprocket connects driven sprocket corresponding thereto by chain, described driven sprocket is connected with reversing speed variator by driven chain wheel shaft, the top of described reversing speed variator is provided with main pulley, described main pulley is connected with from belt pulley by V-belt, the described lower end from belt pulley connects clean disk, described commutator, left bearing, right bearing, driven sprocket, reversing speed variator, main pulley is all fixedly connected with on supporting steel plate with from belt pulley, described clean disk is arranged on below described supporting steel plate.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, and described commutator is three angular wheels or worm gear and worm mechanism.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, and the described line shaft between described engine to described commutator arranges at least one universal joint.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, and the material of the bottom of described clean disk is alloy steel.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, and the material of the bottom of described clean disk is hairbrush.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, and the thickness of described supporting steel plate is 5 ~ 10mm.
The technical scheme of further improvement has, the machine on described cleaning road surface also comprises retracting device, described retracting device comprises and initiatively reclaims sprocket wheel, the described sprocket wheel that initiatively reclaims to be connected on described line shaft and to obtain power, the described sprocket wheel that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery sprocket wheel by chain, described driven recovery sprocket wheel is by reclaiming axle and initiatively reclaiming belt pulley and be connected, the described belt pulley that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery belt pulley by V-belt, described driven recovery belt pulley is connected with fan by axle, described fan is arranged in fan storehouse, the left side in described fan storehouse or right side are communicated with dust discharge cover, the lower end in described fan storehouse is communicated with dust shield, described dust shield absorbs road surface dust or the ice powder of the cleaning of described clean disk.
Preferred technical scheme has, and described recovery axle arranges at least one universal joint.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
1) thinner thickness of described supporting steel plate, operationally can tremble, and alleviates the contact force on described clean disk and road surface, thus can protect road surface.
2) the present invention apply simple frame for movement just can technical solution problem, bring the technique effect of more economical practicality, clear the snow, the comprehensive cost (labour cost, freight, energy cost, depreciation of machinery expense) of clear ice is every square meter 3 ~ 4 points of, the economic benefit for dedusting can be better.
3) the present invention also comprises retracting device, and described retracting device is made up of fan, airtight fan storehouse and dust shield, and described retracting device relies on the wind-force of fan to reclaim ice powder or dust, cleans out thoroughly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the described commutator in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of the described commutator in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the present invention includes retracting device.
In figure: 1-engine; 2-line shaft; 3-commutator; 4-final drive shaft; 5-left bearing; 6-right bearing; 7-drive sprocket; 8-chain; 9-driven sprocket; 10-driven chain wheel shaft; 11-reversing speed variator; 12-main pulley; 13-V-belt; 14-is from belt pulley; 15-clean disk; 16-supporting steel plate; 17-angular wheel; 18-worm gear; 19-worm screw; 20-universal joint; 21-initiatively reclaims sprocket wheel; The driven recovery sprocket wheel of 22-; 23-reclaims axle; 24-initiatively reclaims belt pulley; The driven recovery belt pulley of 25-; 26-fan; 27-fan storehouse; 28-dust discharge cover; 29-dust shield.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the invention provides a kind of machine cleaning road surface, comprise engine 1, described engine 1 connects one end of line shaft 2, the other end of described line shaft 2 connects commutator 3, described commutator 3 connects final drive shaft 4, the left end of described final drive shaft 4 arranges left bearing 5, right-hand member arranges right bearing 6, described commutator 3 is to described left bearing 5, described commutator 3 all arranges two drive sprockets 7 to the described final drive shaft 4 of described right bearing 6, described drive sprocket 7 connects driven sprocket 9 corresponding thereto by chain 8, described driven sprocket 9 is connected with reversing speed variator 11 by driven chain wheel shaft 10, the top of described reversing speed variator 11 is provided with main pulley 12, described main pulley 12 is connected with from belt pulley 14 by V-belt 13, the described lower end from belt pulley 14 connects clean disk 15, described commutator 3, left bearing 5, right bearing 6, driven sprocket 9, reversing speed variator 11, main pulley 12 be all fixedly connected with on supporting steel plate 16 from belt pulley 14, described clean disk 15 is arranged on below described supporting steel plate 16.
Described clean disk 15 is four, and for being crisscross arranged up and down, namely four clean disks 15 can clean the whole road surface of its process, can not leave dead band.
Described engine 1 is tractor or forklift, especially the drag-pull cart of 55 horsepowers, northeastward under the environment temperature of subzero 30 ~ subzero 10 degree, inventor did experiment fully, and compete to 2000 people with 1000 people, this experiment is 1350 people, time is 1 hour, consequently: the present invention that the drag-pull cart of 55 horsepowers drives invents the machine on cleaning road surface, has cleaned the ice that the 30mm ~ 40mm of 8000 square meters is thick, and complete entrucking in the time in 1 hour.And 1350 people only completed the thick ice of the 30mm ~ 40mm of 4300 square meters in one hour, so the present invention's invention has absolute predominance.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, preferred embodiment have, described commutator 3 is three angular wheels 17 or worm gear 18 and worm screw 19 mechanism.Two in three angular wheels 13 coaxial, and another angular wheel 13 and other two angular wheels 13 are axially vertical; The schematic diagram of Fig. 3 to be commutator 3 be worm-and-wheel gear, it can change the transmission direction of axle equally, and it can obtain very large gearratio, compacter than crossed helical gears (angular wheel) mechanism.
As shown in Figure 4, the embodiment improved further has, and the described line shaft 2 between described engine 1 to described commutator 3 arranges at least one universal joint 20.
The embodiment of further improvement has, and the material of the bottom of described clean disk 15 is alloy steel.
The embodiment of further improvement has, and the material of the bottom of described clean disk 15 is hairbrush.
The embodiment of further improvement has, and the thickness of described supporting steel plate 16 is 5 ~ 10mm.
As shown in Figure 4, the embodiment of further improvement has, the machine on described cleaning road surface also comprises retracting device, described retracting device comprises and initiatively reclaims sprocket wheel 21, the described sprocket wheel 21 that initiatively reclaims to be connected on described line shaft 2 and to obtain power, the described sprocket wheel 21 that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery sprocket wheel 22 by chain 8, described driven recovery sprocket wheel 22 is by reclaiming axle 23 and initiatively reclaiming belt pulley 24 and be connected, the described belt pulley 24 that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery belt pulley 25 by V-belt 13, described driven recovery belt pulley 25 is connected with fan 26 by axle, described fan 26 is arranged in fan storehouse 27, the left side in described fan storehouse 27 or right side are communicated with dust discharge cover 28, the lower end in described fan storehouse 27 is communicated with dust shield 29, described dust shield 29 absorbs road surface dust or the ice powder of the cleaning of described clean disk 15.
The increase of retracting device, makes efficiency of the present invention have and improves further, and cleaning after road surface effect very clean.
Preferred embodiment have, described recovery axle 23 is arranged at least one universal joint 20.
In addition, when the bottom of clean disk 15 described in the present invention is set to hairbrush, can as the machinery on cleaning road surface.As cleaning road surface mechanical time, the rugosity of the every root of described hairbrush is diameter 0.1mm ~ 2mm, and during as cleaning dust, described supporting steel plate 16 also arranges at least four wheels below, wheel, as supporting weight of the present invention and driving it to walk, can also avoid the destruction of causing road pavement; When the present invention uses as cleaning dust, the effect of clear dirt is also fairly obvious, can replace more workman, substantially increase sweeping efficiency.
Preferred embodiment is, when the present invention uses as cleaning dust, can also increase dust catcher, such set-up mode, pick-up performance can be made better, can not cause secondary pollution around hairbrush.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms; anyone can draw other various forms of products under enlightenment of the present invention; no matter but any change is done in its shape or structure; every have identical with the application or akin technical scheme, all drops within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. one kind is cleaned the machine on road surface, it is characterized in that, comprise engine, described engine connects one end of line shaft, the other end of described line shaft connects commutator, described commutator connects final drive shaft, the left end of described final drive shaft arranges left bearing, right-hand member arranges right bearing, described commutator is to described left bearing, described commutator all arranges two drive sprockets to the described final drive shaft of described right bearing, described drive sprocket connects driven sprocket corresponding thereto by chain, described driven sprocket is connected with reversing speed variator by driven chain wheel shaft, the top of described reversing speed variator is provided with main pulley, described main pulley is connected with from belt pulley by V-belt, the described lower end from belt pulley connects clean disk, described commutator, left bearing, right bearing, driven sprocket, reversing speed variator, main pulley and being all fixedly connected on supporting steel plate from belt pulley, described clean disk is arranged on below described supporting steel plate.
2. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described commutator is three angular wheels or worm gear and worm mechanism.
3. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described line shaft between described engine to described commutator arranges at least one universal joint.
4. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of the bottom of described clean disk is alloy steel.
5. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of the bottom of described clean disk is hairbrush.
6. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the thickness of described supporting steel plate is 5 ~ 10mm.
7. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise retracting device, described retracting device comprises and initiatively reclaims sprocket wheel, the described sprocket wheel that initiatively reclaims to be connected on described line shaft and to obtain power, the described sprocket wheel that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery sprocket wheel by chain, described driven recovery sprocket wheel is by reclaiming axle and initiatively reclaiming belt pulley and be connected, the described belt pulley that initiatively reclaims is connected with driven recovery belt pulley by V-belt, described driven recovery belt pulley is connected with fan by axle, described fan is arranged in fan storehouse, the left side in described fan storehouse or right side are communicated with dust discharge cover, the lower end in described fan storehouse is communicated with dust shield, described dust shield absorbs road surface dust or the ice powder of the cleaning of described clean disk.
8. the machine on cleaning road surface according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described recovery axle arranges at least one universal joint.
CN201510172156.2A 2015-04-13 2015-04-13 A kind of machine cleaning road surface Active CN104762915B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510172156.2A CN104762915B (en) 2015-04-13 2015-04-13 A kind of machine cleaning road surface

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510172156.2A CN104762915B (en) 2015-04-13 2015-04-13 A kind of machine cleaning road surface

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CN104762915A true CN104762915A (en) 2015-07-08
CN104762915B CN104762915B (en) 2016-06-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442486A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-30 曹林海 Ice milling machine
CN108914852A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-11-30 佛山市缘懿科技有限公司 A kind of commutation road-surface cleaning apparatus

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2484349Y (en) * 2001-06-26 2002-04-03 章元生 Brushing transmission mechanism of refuse scavenging machine
CN2861269Y (en) * 2005-07-06 2007-01-24 鲍光谊 Handpush rubbish sweeper
CN202323826U (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-07-11 车双柱 Solar electric crawler-type road sweeping vehicle
CN102852112A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-02 陈佩 Multifunctional three-wheel sanitation vehicle
US20130299268A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-11-14 Robert A. Brooker System and method for operating a large single engine sweeper
CN203938992U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-11-12 河北安旭专用汽车有限公司 Energy-saving road-sweeper
CN204644948U (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-09-16 曹林海 A kind of machine cleaning road surface

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2484349Y (en) * 2001-06-26 2002-04-03 章元生 Brushing transmission mechanism of refuse scavenging machine
CN2861269Y (en) * 2005-07-06 2007-01-24 鲍光谊 Handpush rubbish sweeper
CN202323826U (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-07-11 车双柱 Solar electric crawler-type road sweeping vehicle
US20130299268A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-11-14 Robert A. Brooker System and method for operating a large single engine sweeper
CN102852112A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-01-02 陈佩 Multifunctional three-wheel sanitation vehicle
CN203938992U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-11-12 河北安旭专用汽车有限公司 Energy-saving road-sweeper
CN204644948U (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-09-16 曹林海 A kind of machine cleaning road surface

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442486A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-30 曹林海 Ice milling machine
CN108914852A (en) * 2018-07-30 2018-11-30 佛山市缘懿科技有限公司 A kind of commutation road-surface cleaning apparatus
CN108914852B (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-11-22 施淑金 A kind of commutation road-surface cleaning apparatus

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