CN104741983A - Grinding miller - Google Patents

Grinding miller Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104741983A
CN104741983A CN201510148759.9A CN201510148759A CN104741983A CN 104741983 A CN104741983 A CN 104741983A CN 201510148759 A CN201510148759 A CN 201510148759A CN 104741983 A CN104741983 A CN 104741983A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
guide rail
fixture
grinder
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510148759.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104741983B (en
Inventor
郑青焕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hubei Yuan Lan Machine Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hubei Yuan Lan Machine Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hubei Yuan Lan Machine Co Ltd filed Critical Hubei Yuan Lan Machine Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510148759.9A priority Critical patent/CN104741983B/en
Publication of CN104741983A publication Critical patent/CN104741983A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104741983B publication Critical patent/CN104741983B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • B24B3/36Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools of cutting blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/04Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B49/00Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation
    • B24B49/12Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation involving optical means

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of advanced equipment manufacturing, and particularly relates to a grinding miller. The grinding miller comprises a rack, a grinding wheel mechanism, a clamp device and a PLC. A Y-axis moving device of the grinding wheel mechanism drives a grinding wheel spindle device provided with a grinding wheel to move in the axial direction of the grinding wheel, and an X-axis moving device synchronously drives the grinding wheel spindle device and the Y-axis moving device to move in the direction perpendicular to a rotating shaft of the grinding wheel so as to adjust the position of the grinding wheel. A tool is fixedly installed on a clamp, the space position of the tool is adjusted by adjusting an XYZ alignment device, the rear angle of the tool is adjusted by adjusting a oscillating angle device, the front angle of the tool is adjusted by adjusting a clamp rotating mechanism, and the overall grinding condition is controlled by the PLC, so that the grinding miller is automatic and applicable to universal adjustment of any tools, the grinding wheel is prevented from being frequently replaced, the labor intensity of tool grinding is lowered, and the tool production efficiency is improved.

Description

Grinder
Technical field
The invention belongs to sophisticated equipment manufacturing technology field, relate to a kind of grinder, particularly relate to a kind of grinder for the grinding of optical Blade R angle.
Background technology
Blade has another name called cutter grain, is the instrument for machining in machine-building, is mainly applicable to the fine finishining of the materials such as steel, cast steel, cast iron, stainless steel, semifinishing etc.Along with the development of science and technology, the more processing production equipment of human needs, in carbide alloy process equipment, conventional high accuracy and the blade of shape various kinds carrys out the product that machining needs, is to ensure the various requirement such as the intensity of blade cut sword and the quality of converted products, needs to carry out reconditioning to the cutting edge of its cutting edge, usually, by cutting edge rounding (i.e. the angle of falling R) or chamfering, in a word, these blades all need to adopt emery wheel to grind before cutting.
Moreover, according to the grinding requirement of difformity blade, need the emery wheel being equipped with correspondingly-shaped to the blade that need grind, but the emery wheel bought is generally the unified standard component of profile, therefore, need to carry out secondary operations to emery wheel, make the blade that its external shape fits grinds in the need of correspondence, like this, when grinding different blades, then need to change different emery wheels in time to grind, but, in existing grinding scene, mostly emery wheel is connected on rotary main shaft by screw threads for fastening, obviously, the operation changing emery wheel is comparatively complicated, disassembly and assembly time is also longer, make the labour intensity of blade attrition process large, need a large amount of manpower and materials, badly influence the production efficiency of blade, cannot meet in enormous quantities, high accuracy, the grinding demand of low cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of grinder, need to change different emery wheels to different cutters correspondence in order to solve in existing grinding technique, thus cause the attrition process labour intensity of blade large, need a large amount of manpower and materials, and then cause the production efficiency of blade low, the technical problem of the grinding demand of in enormous quantities, high accuracy, low cost cannot be met.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: provide a kind of grinder, comprises frame and is located at the workbench in described frame; The PLC also comprising emery wheel mechanism, be located at the grip device on described workbench and be located in described frame;
Described emery wheel mechanism comprises and stacks gradually the grinding wheel spindle device be fixedly connected on described workbench, Y-axis mobile device and X-axis mobile device from top to bottom, described grinding wheel spindle device is detachable is connected with emery wheel and in order to drive described emery wheel to operate, described Y-axis mobile device comprises the first drive unit driving described grinding wheel spindle device along the axial direction movement of described emery wheel, and described X-axis mobile device comprises synchronous described grinding wheel spindle device and the described Y-axis mobile device of driving along the second drive unit perpendicular to the direction movement of the rotating shaft of described emery wheel;
Described grip device comprises in order to fixed cutting tool and adjusts the angle of described cutter and the fixture guiding mechanism of position, and is provided with the clamp rotating mechanism of the 3rd drive unit; Described fixture guiding mechanism to be located on described workbench and to be provided with the fixture in order to fixing described cutter, fixture guiding mechanism described in the below linkage that described clamp rotating mechanism is located at described workbench, and rotated around Z-direction to control described fixture guiding mechanism by described 3rd drive unit.
Further, described clamp rotating mechanism also comprises the rotating shaft in vertically arranging, and to be sheathed on outward on described rotating shaft and the fixture be fixedly connected on described workbench rotates and holds axle bed; One end of described rotating shaft connects the output shaft of described 3rd drive unit, and the other end connects described fixture guiding mechanism and rotates centered by described rotating shaft to drive described fixture guiding mechanism.
Further, described fixture guiding mechanism also comprise cutter be rotatably connected seat, in order to adjust the XYZ alignment device of described cutter position in the X, Y, Z direction and the swing angle device in order to the relief angles that adjusts described cutter; Be rotatably connected one end of seat of described cutter is rotatably connected on the output of described rotating shaft, and the other end is fixedly connected with and supports described XYZ alignment device and described swing angle device.
Further, described cutter is rotatably connected and is embedded with the light emitting source of light-source system in seat.
Further, described XYZ alignment device comprises X-axis positioning mechanism, Y axis alignment mechanism and Z axis positioning mechanism; Described X-axis positioning mechanism comprises the horizontal X-axis perpendicular to described fixture adjustment guide rail, in order to regulate described X-axis to adjust guide rail along the X-axis adjustment actuator of X-direction movement and the X-axis lock piece in order to X-axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described Y axis alignment mechanism comprises the Y-axis being parallel to described fixture and adjusts guide rail, in order to regulate described Y-axis to adjust guide rail along the Y-axis adjustment actuator of Y direction movement and the Y-axis lock piece in order to Y-axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described Z axis positioning mechanism comprises longitudinal Z axis perpendicular to described fixture adjustment guide rail, in order to regulate described Z axis to adjust guide rail along the Z axis adjustment actuator of Z-direction movement and the Z axis lock piece in order to Z axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described X-axis positioning mechanism and described Z axis positioning mechanism are all located on described Y-axis adjustment guide rail, and described Z axis positioning mechanism is located on described X-axis adjustment guide rail, and described fixture to be located in described Z axis positioning mechanism and described fixture and described light emitting source homonymy along Y direction.
Further, described swing angle device comprises the angle adjustment rod member that links with described fixture and in order to show the first scale plate adjusting angle degree.
Further, described Y-axis mobile device also comprise driven by described first drive unit the first leading screw arranged along Y direction, be located on described first leading screw and the first Connection Block slided along described first leading screw and two guide rails and the slide block be located on each described guide rail, guide rail described in two is parallel to each other and is located at the both sides of described first leading screw respectively; Each described slide block supports simultaneously and is fixedly connected with described grinding wheel spindle device, and each described slide block is slided with the described guide rail along each correspondence by described first Connection Block interlock simultaneously.
Further, described grinding wheel spindle device also comprises the main shaft holder be fixedly connected on each described slide block, is located at the grinding wheel spindle on described main shaft holder and the four-drive device in order to drive described emery wheel to rotate, one end of described grinding wheel spindle connects described four-drive device, and the other end connects described emery wheel.
Further, this grinder also comprises all is located at camera system in described frame and display system, and described camera system is provided with the picture pick-up device of situation when taking described tool lapping, and described display system is in order to show situation during described tool lapping.
Further, this grinder also comprises being located at described frame repaiies emery wheel mechanism.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of grinder provided by the invention is:
(1) pass through the grinding wheel spindle device of emery wheel mechanism, Y-axis mobile device and X-axis mobile device stack gradually from top to bottom and are fixedly connected on workbench, driven the grinding wheel spindle device that is provided with emery wheel to move along the axial direction of emery wheel by Y-axis mobile device, grinding wheel spindle device and Y-axis mobile device is synchronously driven to move along the direction perpendicular to the rotating shaft of emery wheel by X-axis mobile device, the position of emery wheel is regulated with this, in addition, cutter is fixedly mounted on the fixture of fixture guiding mechanism, the locus of cutter is regulated by the XYZ alignment device of adjustment fixture guiding mechanism, the relief angles of cutter is regulated by adjustment swing angle device, the anterior angle angle of cutter is also regulated by adjustment clamp rotating mechanism, wherein, overall grinding situation is controlled automatically by PLC, thus to provide a kind of universal adjustment milling apparatus that can be applicable to any cutter of automation, avoid changing emery wheel continually, reduce the labour intensity of tool lapping processing and reduce the manpower and materials of cutter production, and then improve the efficiency of cutter production, meet the in enormous quantities of cutter, high accuracy, the grinding demand of low cost, in a word, this grinder is installed, regulate very convenient and practical,
(2) repairing emery wheel mechanism by installing in frame, making in the attrition process process of cutter, can repair emery wheel rapidly without the need to changing emery wheel, saving the tool lapping time, reducing production cost.
(3) by installing camera system and display system in frame, in time detecting and showing tool lapping situation, improve the precision of tool lapping to a certain extent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of grinder in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the grip device of grinder in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of the fixture guiding mechanism of grip device in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of the emery wheel mechanism of grinder in the embodiment of the present invention;
The perspective view of the Y-axis mobile device of Tu5Shi Tu4 medium plain emery wheel mechanism;
The perspective view of the grinding wheel spindle device of Tu6Shi Tu4 medium plain emery wheel mechanism;
Fig. 7 is that in the embodiment of the present invention, grinder removes the planar structure schematic diagram after grip device and emery wheel mechanism.
Label in accompanying drawing is as follows:
1 frame, 11 first connection brackets, 12 second connection brackets; 2 workbenches, 3 emery wheel mechanisms;
31 grinding wheel spindle devices, 311 emery wheels, 312 main shaft holders, 313 four-drive devices, 314 movable soft tubes, 315 wheel guards, 316 emery wheel cover plates, 317 ball valves;
32 Y-axis mobile devices, 321 first drive units, 322 first leading screws, 323 first Connection Blocks, 324 guide rails, 325 slide blocks, 326 move front apron, 327 guide rail fixed plate, 328 leading screw bearings, 329 buckers;
33 X-axis mobile devices, 331 second drive units, 3,311 first handwheels, 3,312 second leading screws, 332 waterproof trimmings, 333 second Connection Blocks, 334 locking members;
4 grip devices, 41 fixture guiding mechanisms, 411 fixtures, 4111 cutter pressing plates;
412 cutters are rotatably connected seat; 413 XYZ alignment device, 4131 X-axis positioning mechanism, 41311 X-axis adjustment guide rails, 41312 X-axis adjustment actuator, 41313 X-axis lock pieces;
4132 Y axis alignment mechanisms, 41321 Y-axis adjustment guide rails, 41322 Y-axis adjustment actuator, 41323 Y-axis lock pieces;
4133 Z axis positioning mechanism, 41331 Z axis adjustment guide rails, 41332 Z axis adjustment actuator, 41333 Z axis lock pieces;
414 swing angle devices, 4141 angle adjustment rod members, 4,142 first scale plates, 4143 pivot angle graduation indication pins;
42 clamp rotating mechanisms, 421 the 3rd drive units, 4211 synchronizing wheels, 4212 reductors, 423 fixtures rotate and hold axle bed, 424 rotary inductor, 425 second scale plates, 426 rotating scale pointers;
5 PLC, 51 touch-screens, 52 shroudings, 53 frequency conversion displays, 54 scram buttons;
6 light-source systems, 61 light emitting sources, 62 light source controllers;
7 camera systems, 71 picture pick-up devices, 72 shooting fixed mounts;
8 displays, 9 repair emery wheel mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make technical problem to be solved of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
It should be noted that, when element is called as " being fixed on " or " being arranged at " another element, it can directly on another element or may there is centering elements simultaneously.When an element is known as " being connected to " another element, it can be directly connected to another element or may there is centering elements simultaneously.Also it should be noted that, the orientation terms such as the front, back, left, right, up, down in the present embodiment, is only relative concept or be reference with the normal operating condition of product each other, and should not be regarded as have restrictive.
Below in conjunction with concrete accompanying drawing, realization of the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 7, it is a kind of grinder that a preferred embodiment of the present invention provides.
A preferred embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of grinder, mainly in order to milling cutter, and certainly also can in order to grind other product.In the present embodiment, this grinder mainly in order to the R angle of grinding optical cutter, certainly, also can in order to grind other cutter.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 4, the workbench 2 that this grinder comprises frame 1 and is located in frame 1, this frame 1 mainly comprises one first connection bracket 11 and two the second connection brackets 12 vertically arranged, wherein, two second connection brackets 12 are parallel to each other and gap setting, the top of the first connection bracket 11 lateral connection two second connection bracket 12.This workbench 2 is made up of the marble material that stability is high, and usually, this workbench 2 is horizontally disposed with, and is also namely parallel to the first connection bracket 11 and is parallel to each other, perpendicular to the second connection bracket 12.
Again as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in Fig. 4, the PLC 5 that this grinder also comprises emery wheel mechanism 3, is located at the grip device 4 on workbench 2 and is located in frame 1, this emery wheel mechanism 3 is main in order to install emery wheel 311, and in process of lapping, according to the characteristic of cutter to be processed as the angle of cutter to be processed, in time to regulate the position of emery wheel 311 in triturable scope.This PLC 5 is in order to control the operation of this grinder on the whole.
It should be noted that, specifically in the present embodiment, this PLC 5 comprises touch-screen 51, shrouding 52, frequency conversion display 53 and scram button 54 etc., wherein, shrouding 52 is fixedly mounted in the first connection bracket 11, touch-screen 51, frequency conversion display 53 and scram button 54 are all arranged on this shrouding 52, operating personnel manually can touch touch-screen 51 to control the operation conditions of whole grinder, or manually each button operated on frequency conversion display 53 controls grinder, when there is the situations such as emergency situations, the operation of emergent stopping grinder is carried out by pressing scram button 54.
Specifically as shown in Figures 4 to 6, emery wheel mechanism 3 comprises and stacks gradually the grinding wheel spindle device 31 be fixedly connected on workbench 2, Y-axis mobile device 32 and X-axis mobile device 33 from top to bottom, wherein, this grinding wheel spindle device 31 is detachable is connected with emery wheel 311, and it is mainly in order to drive the running of emery wheel 311.Specifically in the present embodiment, the diamond that this emery wheel 311 selects hardness stronger is made.
Move along the axial direction of emery wheel 311 for driving grinding wheel spindle device 31, this Y-axis mobile device 32 comprises the first drive unit 321, wherein, this first drive unit 321 comprises the first actuator, in the present embodiment, this first actuator is servomotor, and this servomotor is controlled by following PLC 5.Move along the direction of the rotating shaft (not shown) perpendicular to emery wheel 311 for synchronously driving grinding wheel spindle device 31 and Y-axis mobile device 32, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, this X-axis mobile device 33 comprises the second drive unit 331, specifically in the present embodiment, this X-axis mobile device 33 also comprises the first handwheel 3311, second leading screw 3312, waterproof trimming 332, second Connection Block 333 and locking member 334, wherein, waterproof trimming 332 is mainly used in process of lapping the cooling fluid be splashed in emery wheel mechanism 3 and flows on workbench 2.In adjustment process, can first unclamp locking member 334, manual rotation first handwheel 3311 again, first handwheel 3311 drives the second leading screw 3312 to rotate, and the second leading screw 3312 links the second Connection Block 333, because Y-axis mobile device 32 and grinding wheel spindle device 31 are supported by the second Connection Block 333, thus, Y-axis mobile device 32 and grinding wheel spindle device 31, with the second Connection Block 333 synchronizing moving, also, can directly regulate emery wheel 311 in the position of X-direction by rotating the first handwheel 3311.Specifically in the present embodiment, for saving taking up room of this grinder, when not working, firmly the handle in this first handwheel 3311 can be extracted, and then folding up.
Specifically as shown in Figures 2 and 3, grip device 4 comprises fixture guiding mechanism 41 and is provided with the clamp rotating mechanism 42 of the 3rd drive unit 421, this fixture guiding mechanism 41 is provided with the fixture 411 in order to fixed cutting tool, and for convenience of regulating, this fixture guiding mechanism 41 is arranged on workbench 2.In concrete operations, cutter to be processed manually can be placed in the storage tank of fixture 411 by operating personnel, and with cutter pressing plate 4111, this cutter is pushed down, then be locked by the screw (not shown) above fixture 411, understandably, after tool sharpening completes, cutter can be taken off by unclamping screw.Concrete in the present embodiment, for avoiding changing emery wheel 311 continually, but guarantee accurately process tool again, this fixture guiding mechanism 41 can also in time adjust the angle of the relief angle of cutter and concrete locus according to the situation of processing.
For this grinder of rational deployment, this clamp rotating mechanism 42 is located at the below of workbench 2, certainly, this clamp rotating mechanism 42 also needs to carry out linkage clamp guiding mechanism 41 through workbench 2, and rotated around Z-direction to control fixture guiding mechanism 41 by the 3rd drive unit 421, understandably, the angle by regulating this clamp rotating mechanism 42 to regulate the anterior angle of cutter.
As from the foregoing, within the scope of the grinding of this grinder, machining angle and the direction of cutter can be come to set arbitrarily as required by above-mentioned setting, in other words, the cutter that emery wheel 311 can process difformity and structure need not be changed continually.
It should be noted that, the X-direction mentioned in the present invention, Y direction, Z-direction all with the putting position of cutter for benchmark, also be, the direction of the knife bar of cutter is the Y direction that the present invention mentions, direction in the horizontal direction perpendicular to Y direction is X-direction, and in the vertical direction is Z-direction perpendicular to the direction of Y direction.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, clamp rotating mechanism 42 also comprises the rotating shaft (not shown) in vertically arranging, and to be sheathed on outward in rotating shaft (not shown) and the fixture be fixedly connected on workbench 2 rotates and holds axle bed 423.Wherein, for ease of driving fixture guiding mechanism 41 to rotate centered by rotating shaft (not shown), one end of this rotating shaft (not shown) connects the output shaft of the 3rd drive unit 421, other end jockey guiding mechanism 41.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, 3rd drive unit 421 is except comprising the 3rd actuator, also comprise connection the 3rd actuator reductor 4212 and by the synchronizing wheel 4211 of the speed sync after being slowed down by reductor 4212 to rotating shaft, in addition, for ease of in time detecting the rotational case of clamp rotating mechanism 42, fixture rotates to hold on axle bed 423 and is also installed with rotary inductor 424, moreover, for showing and observe the anglec of rotation of cutter better, the connecting axle of fixture 411 is also connected with the second scale plate 425, and also rotating scale pointer 426 is installed with on the casing of stationary fixture 411, wherein, rotating scale pointer 426 and the second scale plate 425 adjoin, the angle index of marking on the second scale plate 425 can just be indicated.
Also it should be noted that, specifically in the present embodiment, 3rd actuator is servomotor, wherein, under the driving of servomotor, the anglec of rotation of rotating shaft is-100 ° ~+100 °, accordingly, the angular range of the anterior angle of adjustable cutter is-30 ° ~+30 °, and the scope of the maximum grinding radius of cutter is R20 ~ R0.05mm.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, fixture guiding mechanism 41 also comprises cutter and to be rotatably connected seat 412, XYZ alignment device 413 and swing angle device 414, wherein, in the present embodiment, during abrasive product, according to the characteristic of converted products, by manually adjusting XYZ alignment device 413 to adjust cutter position in the X, Y, Z direction, also by manually adjusting swing angle device 414 to adjust the relief angles of cutter.In the present embodiment, cutter is rotatably connected seat 412 horizontal positioned, and for ease of the rotation on clamp rotating mechanism 42 is dynamically transferred on fixture guiding mechanism 41, be rotatably connected one end of seat 412 of this cutter is rotatably connected on the output of rotating shaft (not shown), the other end supports XYZ alignment device 413 and swing angle device 414, and XYZ alignment device 413 and swing angle device 414 are all fixedly connected thereto.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, for ease of more clearly observing tool lapping situation, cutter is rotatably connected and is embedded with the light emitting source 61 of light-source system 6 in seat 412, specifically in the present embodiment, usually in cutter is rotatably connected seat 412, bury LED underground, think that following picture pick-up device 71 provides light source.Certainly, for ease of in time controlling the luminous intensity etc. of LED, the second connection bracket 12 of frame 1 is also provided with light source controller 62.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, XYZ alignment device 413 comprises X-axis positioning mechanism 4131, Y axis alignment mechanism 4132 and Z axis positioning mechanism 4133.Specifically as shown in Figures 2 and 3, X-axis positioning mechanism 4131 comprises X-axis adjustment guide rail 41311, X-axis adjustment actuator 41312 and X-axis lock piece 41313, wherein, rotating shaft because of emery wheel 311 is that Y direction is arranged, for making the particular location that can regulate cutter during grinding easily, this X-axis adjustment guide rail 41311 is laterally perpendicular to fixture 411, when regulating the position of X-direction of cutter, first can unclamp X-axis lock piece 41313 to unclamp X-axis adjustment guide rail 41311, X-axis adjustment actuator 41312 is manually regulated to move along X-direction as handwheel regulates X-axis to adjust guide rail 41311 again, carry out locking X-axis adjustment guide rail 41311 with X-axis lock piece 41313 afterwards again to move.
Again as shown in Figures 2 and 3, Y axis alignment mechanism 4132 comprises Y-axis adjustment guide rail 41321, Y-axis adjustment actuator 41322 and Y-axis lock piece 41323, wherein, Y-axis adjustment guide rail 41321 is parallel to fixture 411, also cutter can be regulated to move forward and backward along the axial direction of fixture 411, in like manner, when regulating, first can unclamp Y-axis lock piece 41323 to unclamp Y-axis adjustment guide rail 41321, Y-axis adjustment actuator 41322 is manually regulated to move along Y direction as handwheel regulates Y-axis to adjust guide rail 41321 again, carry out locking Y-axis adjustment guide rail 41321 with Y-axis lock piece 41323 afterwards again to move.
Again as shown in Figures 2 and 3, Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 comprises Z axis adjustment guide rail 41331, Z axis adjustment actuator 41332 and Z axis lock piece 41333, and wherein, Z axis adjustment guide rail 41331 is longitudinally perpendicular to fixture 411, also namely, in order to regulate the position on the above-below direction of cutter.In like manner, when regulating, first can unclamp Z axis lock piece 41333 to unclamp Z axis adjustment guide rail 41331, again manually regulate Z axis adjustment actuator 41332 as handwheel regulate Z axis adjust guide rail 41331 move along Z-direction, more afterwards with Z axis lock piece 41333 come locking Z axis adjust guide rail 41331 move.
Specifically as shown in Figure 2, X-axis positioning mechanism 4131 and Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 are all located on Y-axis adjustment guide rail 41321, also, namely, when regulating the Y direction position of cutter, X-axis positioning mechanism 4131 can do corresponding displacement movement with Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 together with cutter.In addition, Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 is located on X-axis adjustment guide rail 41311, and also, when regulating the X-direction position of cutter, Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 can do corresponding displacement movement with cutter.In addition, for convenience of the polishing progress of illumination cutter, an end of fixture 411 fixed cutting tool should with light emitting source 61 homonymy, in the present embodiment, also, fixture 411 is located in Z axis positioning mechanism 4133 along Y direction.It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, cutter adjusting range is in the X, Y, Z direction respectively 40mm, 50mm, 40mm.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, swing angle device 414 comprises angle adjustment rod member 4141 and the first scale plate 4142, in addition, also include pivot angle graduation indication pin 4143, wherein, manually adjusting angle adjustment rod member 4141 links alignment jig 411, and from the angle index of the first scale plate 4142, the angle degree of the relief angle adjustment of cutter is watched easily by the instruction of pivot angle graduation indication pin 4143, specifically in the present embodiment, the adjusting range of the relief angle of cutter is-5 ° ~+20 °.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, Y-axis mobile device 32 also comprises the first leading screw 322, first Connection Block 323, two guide rails 324 and the slide block 325 be located on each guide rail 324, wherein, first leading screw 322 is arranged along Y direction, it is driven by the first drive unit 321, in addition, the input of the first leading screw 322 is installed with leading screw bearing 328, to connect the plate body (not shown) of the first leading screw 322 and this mobile device, output is installed with mobile front apron 326, and mobile front apron 326 is fixedly connected with bucker 329, the both sides of the first leading screw 322 are all installed with guide rail fixed plate 327, with by the first leading screw 322, first Connection Block 323, two guide rails 324 and slide block 325 are all confined in the cavity volume of formation between two guide rail fixed plate 327.Specifically in the present embodiment, the first drive unit 321 comprises the first actuator, and its first actuator is servomotor.First Connection Block 323 is located on the first leading screw 322, and it can slide along the first leading screw 322.
Again as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, two guide rails 324 are parallel to each other and are located at the both sides of the first leading screw 322 respectively, wherein, the slide block 325 that each guide rail 324 is arranged is simultaneously in order to support and to be fixedly connected with grinding wheel spindle device 31, under the interlock of the first Connection Block 323, each slide block 325 can slide along the guide rail 324 of each correspondence simultaneously, understandably, grinding wheel spindle device 31 can slide along the direction of guide rail 324 along with each slide block 325, like this, also namely emery wheel 311 can do movable under the driving of the first actuator along Y direction.Specifically in the present embodiment, the moving range of emery wheel is 200mm, and 80mm is moved in emery wheel feed, the minimum feeding 0.001mm of emery wheel feed.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 4 and Fig. 6, grinding wheel spindle device 31 also comprises main shaft holder 312, grinding wheel spindle (not shown) and four-drive device 313, in fact, in the present embodiment, be realize interlock between grinding wheel spindle device 31 and Y-axis mobile device 32 by this main shaft holder 312 being fixedly connected on each slide block 325.Specifically as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 6, whole grinding wheel spindle is located on main shaft holder 312, and one end of this grinding wheel spindle connects four-drive device 313, the other end connects emery wheel 311, understandably, under the driving of the fourth drive member comprised at four-drive device 313, emery wheel 311 can complete corresponding spinning movement, it should be noted that, in the present embodiment, fourth drive member is servomotor, and it can receive the signal sent from PLC 5.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, arbitrarily be splashed on emery wheel 311 for preventing chip when grinding, the circumference of emery wheel 311 is installed with wheel guard 315, the detachable emery wheel cover plate 316 that is provided with in outer end, to cover the outer face of emery wheel 311, in addition, is the temperature of cooling grinding place, grinding wheel spindle device 31 is also provided with movable soft tube 314 and ball valve 317, in time to spray cooling fluid toward grinding place.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 7, this grinder also comprises all is located at camera system 7 in frame 1 and display system, wherein, this camera system 7 comprises shooting fixed mount 72 and the detachable picture pick-up device 71 being connected to the bottom of shooting fixed mount 72, specifically in the present embodiment, shooting fixed mount 72 and display system are installed in the first connection bracket 11, and usually, shooting fixed mount 72 all should be positioned at directly over tool lapping place, also namely make a video recording fixed mount 72 can along with the particular location of grinding place in time shift position, like this, so that picture pick-up device 71 from directly in time take tool lapping time situation, and by the dependent picture information transmission that photographs to display system, and display on the display 8.It should be noted that, specifically in the present embodiment, its picture pick-up device 71 adopts German high-resolution CCD optical viewing system, 1,300,000 pixels, enlargement ratio 170 times, accurately can navigate to grinding position, immediately clearly observes grinding image.
Further, in a preferred embodiment provided by the invention, because of in process of lapping, easily there are wearing and tearing in unavoidable emery wheel 311, for auxiliary without the need to changing emery wheel 311 continually, save time, reduce production cost, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 7, this grinder also comprises being located at, and frame 1 repaiies emery wheel mechanism 93, specifically in the present embodiment, this is repaiied, and emery wheel mechanism 93 is detachable to be arranged in the second connection bracket 12, certainly, also grinding stone and moving handle etc. is provided with, to realize the finishing of grinding stone to emery wheel 311 repairing in emery wheel mechanism 93.
By upper, in the present embodiment, the operation sequence roughly of this grinder is as follows: start the machine, operating personnel manually by product as cutter etc. is placed in the storage tank of fixture 411, clamping product is fixed by the screw tightened above fixture 411, manually X is carried out to cutter and emery wheel 311, Y, contraposition adjustment in Z-direction, and adjust the position of camera system 7, then grinding is started, wherein, emery wheel 311 High Rotation Speed under the driving of four-drive device 313, product on fixture 411 such as cutter rotates milling cutter around emery wheel 311 under the interlock of clamp rotating mechanism 42, the R angle grinding of cutter can be realized, meanwhile, in whole process of lapping, LED below cutter illuminates grinding place, the situation of tool lapping is all filmed by the picture pick-up device 71 directly over cutter, and transmission is shown enlarged on display 8, operating personnel can observe the polishing progress of cutter very intuitively by this display screen, and in time control whole process of lapping.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention.For a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within right of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. grinder, comprises frame and is located at the workbench in described frame, it is characterized in that: the PLC also comprising emery wheel mechanism, be located at the grip device on described workbench and be located in described frame;
Described emery wheel mechanism comprises and stacks gradually the grinding wheel spindle device be fixedly connected on described workbench, Y-axis mobile device and X-axis mobile device from top to bottom, described grinding wheel spindle device is detachable is connected with emery wheel and in order to drive described emery wheel to operate, described Y-axis mobile device comprises the first drive unit driving described grinding wheel spindle device along the axial direction movement of described emery wheel, and described X-axis mobile device comprises synchronous described grinding wheel spindle device and the described Y-axis mobile device of driving along the second drive unit perpendicular to the direction movement of the rotating shaft of described emery wheel;
Described grip device comprises in order to fixed cutting tool and adjusts the angle of described cutter and the fixture guiding mechanism of position, and is provided with the clamp rotating mechanism of the 3rd drive unit; Described fixture guiding mechanism to be located on described workbench and to be provided with the fixture in order to fixing described cutter, fixture guiding mechanism described in the below linkage that described clamp rotating mechanism is located at described workbench, and rotated around Z-direction to control described fixture guiding mechanism by described 3rd drive unit.
2. grinder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described clamp rotating mechanism also comprises the rotating shaft in vertically arranging, and to be sheathed on outward on described rotating shaft and the fixture be fixedly connected on described workbench rotates and holds axle bed; One end of described rotating shaft connects the output shaft of described 3rd drive unit, and the other end connects described fixture guiding mechanism and rotates centered by described rotating shaft to drive described fixture guiding mechanism.
3. grinder as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described fixture guiding mechanism also comprise cutter be rotatably connected seat, in order to adjust the XYZ alignment device of described cutter position in the X, Y, Z direction and the swing angle device in order to the relief angles that adjusts described cutter; Be rotatably connected one end of seat of described cutter is rotatably connected on the output of described rotating shaft, and the other end is fixedly connected with and supports described XYZ alignment device and described swing angle device.
4. as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3 grinder, is characterized in that: described cutter is rotatably connected and is embedded with the light emitting source of light-source system in seat.
5. grinder as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described XYZ alignment device comprises X-axis positioning mechanism, Y axis alignment mechanism and Z axis positioning mechanism; Described X-axis positioning mechanism comprises the horizontal X-axis perpendicular to described fixture adjustment guide rail, in order to regulate described X-axis to adjust guide rail along the X-axis adjustment actuator of X-direction movement and the X-axis lock piece in order to X-axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described Y axis alignment mechanism comprises the Y-axis being parallel to described fixture and adjusts guide rail, in order to regulate described Y-axis to adjust guide rail along the Y-axis adjustment actuator of Y direction movement and the Y-axis lock piece in order to Y-axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described Z axis positioning mechanism comprises longitudinal Z axis perpendicular to described fixture adjustment guide rail, in order to regulate described Z axis to adjust guide rail along the Z axis adjustment actuator of Z-direction movement and the Z axis lock piece in order to Z axis adjustment guide rail movement described in locking; Described X-axis positioning mechanism and described Z axis positioning mechanism are all located on described Y-axis adjustment guide rail, and described Z axis positioning mechanism is located on described X-axis adjustment guide rail, and described fixture to be located in described Z axis positioning mechanism and described fixture and described light emitting source homonymy along Y direction.
6. grinder as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: described swing angle device comprises the angle adjustment rod member that links with described fixture and in order to show the first scale plate adjusting angle degree.
7. grinder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Y-axis mobile device also comprise driven by described first drive unit the first leading screw arranged along Y direction, be located on described first leading screw and the first Connection Block slided along described first leading screw and two guide rails and the slide block be located on each described guide rail, guide rail described in two is parallel to each other and is located at the both sides of described first leading screw respectively; Each described slide block supports simultaneously and is fixedly connected with described grinding wheel spindle device, and each described slide block is slided with the described guide rail along each correspondence by described first Connection Block interlock simultaneously.
8. grinder as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: described grinding wheel spindle device also comprises the main shaft holder be fixedly connected on each described slide block, is located at the grinding wheel spindle on described main shaft holder and the four-drive device in order to drive described emery wheel to rotate, one end of described grinding wheel spindle connects described four-drive device, and the other end connects described emery wheel.
9. grinder as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: this grinder also comprises all is located at camera system in described frame and display system, described camera system is provided with the picture pick-up device of situation when taking described tool lapping, and described display system is in order to show situation during described tool lapping.
10. grinder as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: this grinder also comprises being located at, and described frame repaiies emery wheel mechanism.
CN201510148759.9A 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 Grinding miller Active CN104741983B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510148759.9A CN104741983B (en) 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 Grinding miller

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510148759.9A CN104741983B (en) 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 Grinding miller

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104741983A true CN104741983A (en) 2015-07-01
CN104741983B CN104741983B (en) 2017-01-11

Family

ID=53582539

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510148759.9A Active CN104741983B (en) 2015-03-31 2015-03-31 Grinding miller

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104741983B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106078369A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-09 东莞亦准自动化科技有限公司 A kind of knife machine
CN108890535A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-27 河北中瓷电子科技有限公司 A kind of grinder
CN109093866A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-28 山东新升光电科技有限责任公司 Draw stick knife application method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06344260A (en) * 1993-06-10 1994-12-20 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Grinder with steady device
JPH0752006A (en) * 1993-08-19 1995-02-28 Nagase Integrex:Kk Rotary grinding machine
CN1490125A (en) * 2003-08-22 2004-04-21 中国人民解放军国防科学技术大学 Non-spherical optical component composite machining and testing machine tools
JP2013129029A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-07-04 Ntn Corp Grinding spindle unit
CN203125278U (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-08-14 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Machine tool with function of automatically adjusting diameter of reducing grinding wheel
CN204135826U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-02-04 李树清 Automatic knife-grinding apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06344260A (en) * 1993-06-10 1994-12-20 Toyoda Mach Works Ltd Grinder with steady device
JPH0752006A (en) * 1993-08-19 1995-02-28 Nagase Integrex:Kk Rotary grinding machine
CN1490125A (en) * 2003-08-22 2004-04-21 中国人民解放军国防科学技术大学 Non-spherical optical component composite machining and testing machine tools
JP2013129029A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-07-04 Ntn Corp Grinding spindle unit
CN203125278U (en) * 2013-02-28 2013-08-14 广州市敏嘉制造技术有限公司 Machine tool with function of automatically adjusting diameter of reducing grinding wheel
CN204135826U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-02-04 李树清 Automatic knife-grinding apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106078369A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-09 东莞亦准自动化科技有限公司 A kind of knife machine
CN108890535A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-11-27 河北中瓷电子科技有限公司 A kind of grinder
CN109093866A (en) * 2018-09-19 2018-12-28 山东新升光电科技有限责任公司 Draw stick knife application method
CN109093866B (en) * 2018-09-19 2021-03-23 山东新升光电科技有限责任公司 Using method of bar drawing knife

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104741983B (en) 2017-01-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104741983A (en) Grinding miller
CN102632436B (en) Blade grinding machine for external conical surface of drill
CN103753374B (en) A kind of piston ring automatic opening trimming machine
CN202399114U (en) Full-automatic grinding machine
JP2019510646A (en) Divider, work positioning device
CN103158051A (en) Full-automation grinding machine
KR100825562B1 (en) Sample processing apparatus
CN203650184U (en) Automatic opening repairing machine for piston ring
CN205200702U (en) Automatic change numerical control gerar grinding equipment
CN209207251U (en) A kind of grinding machine for cutter machining spiral groove
CH705717B1 (en) Centerless grinding machine.
CN209223765U (en) A kind of numerical control end grinding machine for motorcycle shift fork
JP2008213072A (en) Polishing device for ball end mill edge
CN209579078U (en) Positioning device and glass chamfering machine with the positioning device
CN110549217A (en) Numerical control grinding machine
CN206192272U (en) Twin -lens cutter blade image measurement chamfered edge machine
CN108747824A (en) A kind of full-automatic compound finishing integrated control method of omnipotent abrasive wheel
JP3566403B2 (en) Spindle taper hole regrinding device
CN104308696B (en) Special grinding machine for workpiece tank bottom
CN104742019A (en) Full-automatic grinding wheel sharpening machine
CN105436612A (en) Automatic numerical-control gear grinding equipment and gear grinding method
CN208451036U (en) A kind of shield machine grouting equipment processing turnning and milling all-in-one machine
CN202684679U (en) Stainless steel plate beveling machine
CN105690215A (en) Numerical-control grinding machine for machining hard alloy milling blade
CN209477698U (en) A kind of lockset milling automatic plane and bevelling integrated apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant