CN110842714A - Multifunctional grinding machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110842714A
CN110842714A CN201911327057.1A CN201911327057A CN110842714A CN 110842714 A CN110842714 A CN 110842714A CN 201911327057 A CN201911327057 A CN 201911327057A CN 110842714 A CN110842714 A CN 110842714A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding wheel
grinding
motor
machine
rotating
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Pending
Application number
CN201911327057.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐嘉祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kunshan Rong Fu Qiang Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Kunshan Rong Fu Qiang Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kunshan Rong Fu Qiang Machinery Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Kunshan Rong Fu Qiang Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201911327057.1A priority Critical patent/CN110842714A/en
Publication of CN110842714A publication Critical patent/CN110842714A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B25/00Grinding machines of universal type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies
    • B24B41/061Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies axially supporting turning workpieces, e.g. magnetically, pneumatically
    • B24B41/062Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies axially supporting turning workpieces, e.g. magnetically, pneumatically between centres; Dogs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/02Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables
    • B24B47/04Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for performing a reciprocating movement of carriages or work- tables by mechanical gearing only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B49/00Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B53/00Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Grinding Of Cylindrical And Plane Surfaces (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional grinding machine, comprising: the multifunctional grinding machine has the advantages that the multifunctional grinding machine is simple and convenient to machine, high in machining precision, capable of grinding a thread structure, poor in grinding section, capable of grinding grooves and the like, capable of adjusting machining of a plurality of angles, driven by the linear motor, high in speed and accurate in machining precision, and provided with an oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe for cooling workpieces.

Description

Multifunctional grinding machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of cutting and grinding machines, in particular to a multifunctional grinding machine.
Background
At present, the external screw thread structure, cut the excircle structure, grind the groove structure and be one of the work piece structure commonly used in mechanical structure, the processing method of this type of structure is usually with the ring that has the internal thread and rotate the tapping on the shaft member, this kind of method is loaded down with trivial details, waste time and energy, the processing is little in batches, the method of processing external screw thread is just utilizing lathe tool to carry out the lathe and grind in addition, the external screw thread shaft member is after the primary processing, still need carry out the finish machining, the difficult assurance of machining precision, low production efficiency, degree of automation is low, the precision is. And generally, the external thread structure, the excircle cutting structure and the groove grinding structure need different processing equipment, so that the production cost is high, and the manufacturing efficiency is low. In addition, multi-purpose emery wheel of polishing among the current grinding machine is when carrying out long-time external screw thread work piece processing or grind the slot, the emery wheel can receive certain wearing and tearing, the rotational speed of emery wheel is faster, the damage of emery wheel is more serious more, thereby cause the emery wheel to become invalid, production stops, people's most method of handling damage emery wheel in the past is to replace new emery wheel and carry out work, so, caused the waste, high in production cost, it is loaded down with trivial details in addition to change the emery wheel process, production efficiency also has certain reduction, current emery wheel is polished and is adopted manual operation emery wheel to polish, the precision of polishing is low, the efficiency of polishing is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose of the invention is as follows: the invention provides a multifunctional grinding machine, aiming at solving the technical problems that the original grinding machine has single function, low processing precision, and the grinding wheel cannot be grinded and needs to be frequently replaced.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: a multifunction grinding machine comprising: a frame, slidable mounting has Y axle feeding table in the frame, install X axle work feeding table through first slip table mechanism on the Y axle work feeding table, first linear motor is installed to the front end of first slip table mechanism, install the workstation through second slip table mechanism on the X axle work feeding table, second linear motor is installed to the front end of second slip table mechanism, main shaft top mechanism is installed to the left side upper end of workstation, driving motor is connected to the rear end of main shaft top mechanism, tailstock top mechanism is installed to the right side upper end of workstation, the accurate measuring apparatu is installed to the side in the workstation, emery wheel rotary mechanism is installed to the rear side of frame, emery wheel mechanism is installed to emery wheel rotary mechanism's front end downside, emery wheel rotary mechanism's front end upside installs emery wheel coping mechanism, emery wheel mechanism corresponds with the position of processing mesa, and an oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe is arranged on the workbench at the rear side of the tailstock center mechanism.
Further, a case is installed on the outer side of the rack, a sliding door is installed on the front side of the case, overhaul cabinets are respectively arranged on two sides of the case, an observation hole is formed in the rear side of the case, a power switch, a display screen and a control screen are installed on the case on the right side of the sliding door, and support legs are installed at the lower end of the case.
Further, the main shaft tip mechanism comprises a main shaft box, and the main shaft box is connected with the rotary fixture.
Further, the tailstock center mechanism comprises a center shaft installation box, a center shaft is installed in the center shaft installation box, a swing rod is installed on the center shaft installation box, and the rear side of the swing rod is connected with a pneumatic device.
Further, emery wheel rotary mechanism includes rotatory mount pad, be equipped with rotatory annular in the rotatory mount pad, it is connected with the rotary disk to rotate on the rotatory annular, driving motor is installed to the rear side of rotatory mount pad, the surface of rotary disk is equipped with the angle scale mark.
Further, the grinding wheel mechanism comprises a grinding wheel electric spindle seat, a grinding wheel electric spindle is installed in the grinding wheel electric spindle seat, a grinding wheel is installed at the front end of the grinding wheel electric spindle, and the rear end of the grinding wheel electric spindle seat is connected with an electric spindle motor.
Further, emery wheel coping mechanism includes the mounting panel, install Z axle servo motor and Z axle moving mechanism on the mounting panel, install X axle moving mechanism and X axle servo motor through the slider on the Z axle moving mechanism, install coping motor mounting panel on the X axle moving mechanism, install the coping motor on the coping motor mounting panel, the front end of coping motor is connected with first synchronous pulley, the diamond wheel axle is installed to the lower extreme of coping motor mounting panel, the second synchronous pulley is installed to the front end of diamond wheel axle, diamond wheel is installed to the rear end of diamond wheel axle, be connected with the hold-in range between first synchronous pulley and the second synchronous pulley.
The invention has the advantages that the multifunctional cutting and grinding machine is simple and convenient to process, high in processing precision, capable of processing an external thread structure, an external circle cutting structure and a grinding groove structure, capable of adjusting a plurality of angles, high in speed and accurate in processing precision, energy-saving and environment-friendly, high in finishing precision due to the fact that an oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe is arranged on a machine tool to cool a workpiece, a grinding wheel is corrected in a two-axis linkage manner, a numerical control system is arranged on the machine tool, a control screen, a display screen and a full Chinese page are arranged on the machine tool, G code programming is not needed, only a digital command is automatically input, an operator is not limited by culture level, learning is instantly realized, the automation degree is high, a tailstock is driven in a pneumatic manner, the workpiece is convenient to mount, the processing is high in efficiency, the precision is automatically detected and compensated on line by adopting a precision measuring, has wide market prospect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a multifunctional grinding machine with a mounted box of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a right side view of a multifunction grinding machine of the present invention with a housing installed.
Fig. 3 is a front view of a multipurpose grinding machine according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a right side view of a multipurpose grinding machine of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further elucidated by means of specific embodiments in the following description, in conjunction with the drawings, in which: various modifications of the invention in equivalent forms, which would be apparent to those skilled in the art, are possible without departing from the principles of the invention, and are within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, a multipurpose grinding machine includes: a frame 1, slidable mounting has Y axle feed table 2 on frame 1, install X axle work feed table 4 through first slip table mechanism 3 on the Y axle work feed table 2, first linear motor 5 is installed to the front end of first slip table mechanism 3, install workstation 7 through second slip table mechanism 6 on the X axle work feed table 4, second linear motor 8 is installed to the front end of second slip table mechanism 6, main shaft centre mechanism 9 is installed to the left side upper end of workstation 7, driving motor 10 is connected to the rear end of main shaft centre mechanism 9, tailstock centre mechanism 11 is installed to the right side upper end of workstation 7, precision measurement appearance 12 is installed to workstation 7 middle side, emery wheel rotary mechanism 13 is installed to the rear side of frame 1, emery wheel rotary mechanism 13's front end downside installs emery wheel mechanism 14, emery wheel rotary mechanism 14's front end upper side installs emery wheel coping mechanism 15, the grinding wheel mechanism 14 corresponds to the position of the processing table surface 7, and an oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe 16 is arranged on the workbench 7 at the rear side of the tailstock center mechanism 11.
Preferably, a case 17 is installed on the outer side of the rack 1, a sliding door 18 is installed on the front side of the case 17, overhaul cabinets 19 are respectively arranged on two sides of the case 17, an observation hole 20 is formed in the rear side of the case 17, a power switch 21, a display screen 22 and a control screen 23 are installed on the case 17 on the right side of the sliding door 18, and support legs 24 are installed at the lower end of the case 17.
Preferably, the spindle center mechanism 9 includes a spindle head 91, and the spindle head 91 is connected to a rotating jig 92.
Preferably, the tailstock center mechanism 11 includes a center shaft installation box 111, a center shaft 112 is installed in the center shaft installation box 111, a swing rod 113 is installed on the center shaft installation box 111, and a pneumatic device 114 is connected to the rear side of the swing rod 113.
Preferably, the grinding wheel rotating mechanism 13 includes a rotating mounting seat 131, a rotating ring groove 132 is arranged in the rotating mounting seat 131, a rotating disc 133 is rotatably connected to the rotating ring groove 132, a driving motor 134 is installed at the rear side of the rotating mounting seat 133, and an angle scale line 135 is arranged on the surface of the rotating disc 133.
Preferably, the grinding wheel mechanism 14 includes a grinding wheel electric spindle base 141, a grinding wheel electric spindle 142 is mounted in the grinding wheel electric spindle base 141, a grinding wheel 143 is mounted at a front end of the grinding wheel electric spindle 142, and an electric spindle motor 144 is connected to a rear end of the grinding wheel electric spindle base 143.
Preferably, the grinding wheel sharpening mechanism 15 includes a mounting plate 151, a Z-axis servo motor 152 and a Z-axis moving mechanism 153 are mounted on the mounting plate 151, an X-axis moving mechanism 155 and an X-axis servo motor 156 are mounted on the Z-axis moving mechanism 153 through a slider 154, a sharpening motor mounting plate 157 is mounted on the X-axis moving mechanism 156, a sharpening motor 158 is mounted on the sharpening motor mounting plate 157, a first synchronous pulley 159 is connected to a front end of the sharpening motor 158, a diamond wheel shaft 160 is mounted at a lower end of the sharpening motor mounting plate 157, a second synchronous pulley 161 is mounted at a front end of the diamond wheel shaft 160, a diamond wheel 162 is mounted at a rear end of the diamond wheel shaft 160, and a synchronous belt 163 is connected between the first synchronous pulley 159 and the second synchronous pulley 161.
When the multifunctional grinding machine is used, the first linear motor 5 drives the Y-axis working feeding table to feed, the second linear motor 8 drives the X-axis working feeding table to feed, the driving speed is high, the precision is high, an external thread component, an external circle cutting component or a groove component is arranged between the rotary clamp 92 and the tailstock center mechanism 11, the component is adjusted to a proper position and corresponds to the grinding wheel 143, the grinding wheel 143 is driven to start to grind, the grinding wheel 143 can perform angle adjustment under the action of the rotary disc 133, the angle of the grinding wheel 143 is further adjusted, the external threads with multiple angles can be ground, the precision measuring instrument 12 performs precision measurement on a processed shaft, the workpiece is cooled by the oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe 16, and the multifunctional grinding machine is energy-saving and environment-friendly; the tailstock is driven pneumatically, workpieces are convenient to mount, the efficient grinding wheel 143 needs to be ground after being ground for a long time, the grinding motor mounting plate 157 moves on the Z-axis servo motor 103 in the Z-axis mode, the grinding motor mounting plate 157 moves on the X-axis servo motor 156 in the X-axis mode, accordingly, the diamond wheel 162 moves on the Z axis and the X axis under the driving of the grinding motor 158 to drive the synchronous belt wheel, the grinding wheel is corrected through two-axis linkage, and the grinding precision is high.

Claims (7)

1. A multifunction grinding machine, characterized by comprising: a frame (1), slidable mounting has Y axle to feed workstation (2) on frame (1), install X axle work feed table (4) through first slip table mechanism (3) on Y axle work feed table (2), first linear electric motor (5) are installed to the front end of first slip table mechanism (3), install workstation (7) on X axle work feed table (4) through second slip table mechanism (6), second linear electric motor (8) are installed to the front end of second slip table mechanism (6), main shaft centre mechanism (9) are installed to the left side upper end of workstation (7), driving motor (10) is connected to the rear end of main shaft centre mechanism (9), tailstock centre mechanism (11) is installed to the right side upper end of workstation (7), precision measurement appearance (12) are installed to the side in workstation (7), rotary grinding wheel (13) are installed to the rear side of frame (1), the grinding wheel mechanism (14) is installed on the lower side of the front end of the grinding wheel rotating mechanism (13), the grinding wheel grinding mechanism (15) is installed on the upper side of the front end of the grinding wheel rotating mechanism (14), the grinding wheel mechanism (14) corresponds to the position of the machining table top (7), and the oil mist high-pressure cooling pipe (16) is installed on the workbench (7) on the rear side of the tailstock center mechanism (11).
2. The multifunctional grinding machine of claim 1, characterized in that a machine case (17) is installed on the outer side of the machine frame (1), a sliding door (18) is installed on the front side of the machine case (17), maintenance cabinets (19) are respectively arranged on two sides of the machine case (17), an observation hole (20) is formed in the rear side of the machine case (17), a power switch (21), a display screen (22) and a control screen (23) are installed on the machine case (17) on the right side of the sliding door (18), and support legs (24) are installed at the lower end of the machine case (17).
3. A multiple-function grinding machine as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the spindle centre mechanism (9) includes a spindle head (91), the spindle head (91) being connected to a rotary clamp (92).
4. The multifunctional grinding machine of claim 1, characterized in that the tailstock center mechanism (11) comprises a center shaft mounting box (111), a center shaft (112) is mounted in the center shaft mounting box (111), a swinging rod (113) is mounted on the center shaft mounting box (111), and a pneumatic device (114) is connected to the rear side of the swinging rod (113).
5. A multifunctional grinding machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the grinding wheel rotating mechanism (13) comprises a rotating mounting seat (131), a rotating ring groove (132) is arranged in the rotating mounting seat (131), a rotating disc (133) is rotatably connected to the rotating ring groove (132), a driving motor (134) is installed at the rear side of the rotating mounting seat (133), and an angle scale mark (135) is arranged on the surface of the rotating disc (133).
6. The multifunctional grinding machine of claim 1, characterized in that the grinding wheel mechanism (14) comprises a grinding wheel electric spindle base (141), a grinding wheel electric spindle (142) is mounted in the grinding wheel electric spindle base (141), a grinding wheel (143) is mounted at the front end of the grinding wheel electric spindle (142), and an electric spindle motor (144) is connected at the rear end of the grinding wheel electric spindle base (143).
7. The multifunctional grinding machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the grinding wheel sharpening mechanism (15) comprises a mounting plate (151), a Z-axis servo motor (152) and a Z-axis moving mechanism (153) are mounted on the mounting plate (151), an X-axis moving mechanism (155) and an X-axis servo motor (156) are mounted on the Z-axis moving mechanism (153) through a sliding block (154), a sharpening motor mounting plate (157) is mounted on the X-axis moving mechanism (156), a sharpening motor (158) is mounted on the sharpening motor mounting plate (157), a first synchronous pulley (159) is connected to the front end of the sharpening motor (158), a diamond wheel shaft (160) is mounted at the lower end of the sharpening motor mounting plate (157), a second synchronous pulley (161) is mounted at the front end of the diamond wheel shaft (160), a diamond wheel (162) is mounted at the rear end of the diamond wheel shaft (160), a synchronous belt (163) is connected between the first synchronous pulley (159) and the second synchronous pulley (161).
CN201911327057.1A 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Multifunctional grinding machine Pending CN110842714A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911327057.1A CN110842714A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Multifunctional grinding machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911327057.1A CN110842714A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Multifunctional grinding machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110842714A true CN110842714A (en) 2020-02-28

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ID=69610066

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201911327057.1A Pending CN110842714A (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Multifunctional grinding machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110842714A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112045539A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-08 北京精密机电控制设备研究所 Multipurpose numerically controlled grinder
CN112059327A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-11 北京精密机电控制设备研究所 Internal and external thread grinding machine with grinding wheel capable of being subjected to in-situ shape correction

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112045539A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-08 北京精密机电控制设备研究所 Multipurpose numerically controlled grinder
CN112059327A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-11 北京精密机电控制设备研究所 Internal and external thread grinding machine with grinding wheel capable of being subjected to in-situ shape correction

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