CN104646146B - Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter - Google Patents

Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104646146B
CN104646146B CN201510030541.3A CN201510030541A CN104646146B CN 104646146 B CN104646146 B CN 104646146B CN 201510030541 A CN201510030541 A CN 201510030541A CN 104646146 B CN104646146 B CN 104646146B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
cutter
rake
alligator
knife
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510030541.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104646146A (en
Inventor
刘璞
张健
林炳锵
Original Assignee
上海申嘉三和环保科技开发有限公司
张家港美星三和机械有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海申嘉三和环保科技开发有限公司, 张家港美星三和机械有限公司 filed Critical 上海申嘉三和环保科技开发有限公司
Priority to CN201510030541.3A priority Critical patent/CN104646146B/en
Priority to CN201310500455.5A priority patent/CN103521328B/en
Publication of CN104646146A publication Critical patent/CN104646146A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104646146B publication Critical patent/CN104646146B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/04Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling
    • B29B17/0412Disintegrating plastics, e.g. by milling to large particles, e.g. beads, granules, flakes, slices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

A kind of alligator cutter, including tool rest and cutting portion, cutting portion rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in rake face.The alligator cutter that the present invention provides not only achieves replacement frequency and is minimized (tool changing in every 3 months has once), and use cost accordingly declines, and also achieves and for whole power to be applied to material (such as:Plastic sheeting) tear up, overcome prior art extended due to the gap between moving knife and stationary knife, or cutting corner wear cause and cannot realize material is cut entirely, and consequent many deficiencies, such as:Consumption electric power is big, cutter changing is frequent, putty fault rate is high and many deficiencies such as use cost height.By this kind of alligator cutter be applied to various tear up equipment or with miscellaneous equipment formed combination unit so that overall efficiency is significantly improved.

Description

Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter
The application is to be on October 22nd, 2013 the foundation applying date, Application No. 201310500455.5, innovation and creation name The divisional application that the original application of referred to as " alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter " is proposed.
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material tears up instrument, more particularly, to a kind of alligator cutter, it is used for tearing up waste or used plastics product, As:Plastic sheeting, and configure this kind of alligator cutter tear up equipment.
Background technology
Not needed in human being's production life process or useless solid or liquid material is referred to as rubbish.From different angles Rubbish contained substance can be carried out various classification by degree:Organic waste and inorganic refuse, house refuse and industrial refuse are recyclable Rubbish and non-recyclable rubbish etc..Increase the continuous improvement with quality of life with population, the quantity of house refuse is not yet Disconnected growth.Air storage rubbish is not only occupied a large amount of soils, is produced substantial amounts of harmful gass, also results in the serious dirt of atmospheric environment Dye, and the pollution of surrounding body.
Garbage loading embeading and to burn be the main processing ways of current house refuse, due to about 50% about have in rubbish Machine thing exists so that landfill disposal can produce a large amount of greenhouse gases, percolate and foul gass, and environment is had undesirable effect. Burning disposal is too low because there is combustible calorific value, and gas cleaning expense is too high, and burning facility fluctuation of service etc. is inevitably Bring the problems such as environmental pollution and wasting of resources;And comprehensive garbage disposal is not mature enough because of organic matter fermentation technology, fermentation time Long, its application is subject to certain restrictions.
The house refuse that people's daily life produces generally can be divided into four big class:Recyclable rubbish, rubbish from cooking, harmful rubbish Rubbish and Other Waste.Wherein, callable rubbish is again main includes five big class such as waste paper, plastics, glass, metal and cloth.For Reduce and take up an area, reduce environmental pollution and turn waste into wealth, realize trash processing way and fill up and burning mode is to money from traditional Source regeneration conversion, categorized consumer waste is then the premise of domestic garbage resource.
Due to widely using of plastic, and its pollution on the environment and destruction, its recycling is increasingly To attention.The plastic reclaiming generally require into remove sand, crush, cleaning, being dehydrated and the step such as pelletize could be by sharp again With.Under normal circumstances, in the links using and reclaiming of plastic, the waste or used plastics surface of recovery can be made to have adhesion Or wrap up some silt materials.For the consideration of recycling economy, can be by further pelletize, so that it obtains after technics of reclaim of plastic waste Repeat to recycle.For ease of the carrying out of granulating working procedure, the general waste or used plastics that will first recovery be come carry out break process, with Realize the purpose of volume reduction, afterwards or more cleaned and dry successively after, be used for pelletize.
Regenerate industry in plastics recovery, it mainly will such as using shredder:PE plastic pipe, plastic sheeting, plastic sheet It is shredded into compared with fractionlet so that cycling and reutilization with materials such as plastics bait.The mode of tearing up of shredder mainly has:It is 1) shearing, Adopt twin shaft (or four axles) cutter, to shred material;2) Rolling cutting type, will be provided with the rotatable roll shaft of multiple blades, with fixation Cut in pairs in the blade-shaped of cavity inner wall and tear up material;3) three kinds of tearing type etc..
Chinese utility model patent ZL02268347.X discloses a kind of plastic breaker, and it is fixed that body inwall is fixed with Knife, rotating shaft has under moving knife, rotating shaft and has screen cloth, and there is broken blade row the oblique upper of rotating shaft, has striker plate under broken blade row.
Chinese utility model patent ZL200820202669.9 discloses a kind of plastic shredding machine, including frame, motor, subtracts Fast case, axle wheel, blade, hopper, cut somebody's hair, oil cylinder, hydraulic means and electric control gear, wherein hydraulic means is connected with oil cylinder, Motor is connected with reduction box by transmission belt, arranges the working shaft wheel with rotating blade, in axle wheel machine frame at two sides in frame Upper installation stationary knife seat, installs ledger-plate on stationary knife seat.Cut somebody's hair during work, under piston rod effect, material to be broken is pushed into work Make axle wheel, so that the rotating blade on axle wheel is constantly cut in rotary course, tear up material.Waste or used plastics can be crushed by this technology Become granularity 40-80mm block.
Chinese invention patent application 200910154703.9 discloses a kind of crushing mechanism of plastic breaker, including by passing Moving axis, stationary knife and movable cutter set are constituted, and described movable cutter set includes some push type broach and dise knife composition, and described push type broach and dise knife pass through concentric Axis hole is installed on power transmission shaft, and movable cutter set both sides are respectively provided with one group of stationary knife;Described movable cutter set is included by three push type broach and four Dise knife forms, and for tri-lobed helical structure and each push type broach is provided with three R shape push type broach edges of a knife to described push type broach, described dise knife For spiral V-shaped structure and each dise knife is provided with some R shape dise knife edges of a knife to some blade overall alignment;Described stationary knife is inboard It is provided with the stationary knife edge of a knife matching with moving knife part.This crushing mechanism is made up of multigroup cutter, keeps in repair and changes presence and be necessarily stranded Difficult.
Chinese invention patent application 201010255155.1 discloses a kind of plastic breaker, including crush box, fixing cutter, Combination knife and the main shaft being fixed with combination knife.Crush box is semi-cylindrical casing, and the both ends of the surface of casing have dead eye, fixing The two ends having the main shaft of combination knife are respectively provided with the bearing being placed in bearing in the hole, and described lower box is provided with affixed semi-ring Shape sieve plate.This disintegrating machine adopts two kinds of cutters, and cutter hub cannot separate with blade, need to change simultaneously, to machine maintenance and part Replacing causes certain difficulty.
Chinese invention patent application 200910262112.3 discloses the multi-functional shearing in a kind of plastic block crusher Device, including movable blade fixed framework and stationary knife fixed mount, is fixedly installed moving knife in movable blade fixed framework and stationary knife fixed mount respectively And stationary knife, some mounting holes cooperating are respectively arranged with moving knife and movable blade fixed framework, moving knife by with mounting hole phase Mutually the moving knife fixing bolt of cooperation is arranged in movable blade fixed framework, is respectively arranged with some phase interworkings in stationary knife and stationary knife fixed mount The mounting hole closing, stationary knife is arranged on stationary knife fixed mount by the stationary knife fixing bolt being cooperated with mounting hole.This device solution Blade of having determined should use and need the problem changed, but its discharging and charging do not solve very well, the work seriality of device Not high.
Preferably the gap between moving knife and stationary knife is 0.2~0.4mm it is desirable to cutting angle must be sharp.It is currently understood that each Class crushes disintegrating apparatus (as shown in Figure 1 and shown in Fig. 2), and moving knife 1 and stationary knife 2 mostly adopt flat cutter, the contact with material for the blade Area is big, and the resistance of knife is big, and the degree of wear is high.Through several workaday uses, the gap 3 between moving knife and stationary knife can exceed 0.4mm, even up to 2mm;And cutting angle 4 becomes circular arc (as shown in Figure 3) bar none.The thickness of duroplastss is 0.1 ~3mm, the thickness 0.04~1mm of plastic sheeting.Obviously, the gap of cutter is it cannot be guaranteed that the needs of cutting gap, processed Plastics are generally sandwiched in moving knife and the gap of stationary knife, cause the course of processing neither complete cut, are not entirely to tear up, but Mixed types such as " cut, tear up, pullling, compressing and rubbing against ".
The increase in the gap between moving knife and stationary knife, also makes to be mixed into the material among moving knife and the gap of stationary knife, produces huge Expansive force and frictional force, and there is putty phenomenon.In order to solve this problem, relatively simple scheme is to increase motor power, To overcome frictional force.Although putting into very big power, effect is unsatisfactory.As:The Nagano shredder of Korea S, Power is 110kw, and average productive capacity is less than 400kg/h;And for example:The JAC shredder that TaiWan, China is manufactured, uses 300kw motor, average productive capacity is 800kg/h;Angstrom Wien shredder, using 110kw motor, average productive capacity is 500~ 600kg/h.But, these equipment remain a need for frequent more allowing blade replacement, and putty phenomenon also fails to solve.
These technology existing and product, still generally existing consumption electric power is big, cutter changing is frequent, putty fault rate is high and makes With many defects such as cost height.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of alligator cutter, to reduce the loss of moving knife cutter, improve material The effective percentage tearing up, reducing energy consumption, reduces the replacing frequency of cutter.
Further object is that providing one kind to tear mechanism, using alligator cutter, material being torn up, improving The effective percentage tearing up of material, reducing energy consumption, reduces the replacing frequency of cutter.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shredder, using alligator cutter, material is torn up.With many Group alligator cutter is moving knife, using the cooperation of some stationary knife cutters, the more conducively clear material of cutter, improves the disposal ability of equipment, Less equipment failure rate.
It is yet a further object of the present invention to provide a kind of shredder, it is stationary knife using some alligator cutter, and multigroup The alligator cutter rotating forms dynamic-fixed combination, realizes rigid objects are torn up, significantly reduces the particle diameter of rigid material, improves Tear up efficiency, also expand the suitability of machine, one-machine-multi-function.
A kind of alligator cutter that the present invention provides, including tool rest and cutting portion, cutting portion rake face is arc, in rake face It is provided with some cutting edges.
Prioritizing selection, with diameter (φ) as 300mm, the cambered surface of ± 20mm is as rake face.
Prioritizing selection, the sharp angle value of each cutting edge is 20 ° ± 10 °, and concrete angle may be the same or different.
Some above-mentioned various alligator cutter are passed through arrangement or combines, form cutter to, cutter group or cutter array, respectively Set between individual alligator cutter or be not provided with cutting gap, tear up mechanism or shredder to improve thing further as part for composition That expects tears up effective percentage.
One kind that the present invention provides tears up mechanism, including the above-mentioned alligator cutter of two pieces.
The another kind that the present invention provides tears up mechanism, including
Knife rest,
First alligator cutter, including the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, first base of tool located at knife rest, before the second cutting portion Knife face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Second alligator cutter, including the second tool rest and the second cutting portion, second base of tool located at knife rest, before the second cutting portion Knife face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
First cutting portion is parallel with the second cutting portion, is provided with cutting gap therebetween.
The present invention provide another kind tear up mechanism, including the first cutter to and the second cutter pair;First cutter is to inclusion:
First knife rest,
First alligator cutter, including the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, located at the first knife rest, first cuts first base of tool Cutting portion's rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Second alligator cutter, including the second tool rest and the second cutting portion, second base of tool is located at the first knife rest, the second cutting Portion's rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
First cutting portion is parallel with the second cutting portion, is provided with the first cutting gap therebetween;
Second cutter is to inclusion:
Second knife rest,
3rd alligator cutter, including the 3rd tool rest and the 3rd cutting portion, located at the second knife rest, the 3rd cuts the 3rd base of tool Portion's rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
4th alligator cutter, including the 4th tool rest and the 4th cutting portion, located at the second knife rest, the 4th cuts the 4th base of tool Portion's rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
3rd cutting portion is parallel with the 4th cutting portion, is provided with the second cutting gap therebetween;
First cutting portion can pass through the second cutting gap at cutting gap;4th cutting portion can be at the first cutting gap Pass through.
The another kind that the present invention provides tears up mechanism, and for shredder, it includes
First tears up part, including the first roll shaft, and some first cutter groups along the axially in parallel arrangement of the first roll shaft;
First cutter group, including some the first cutters pair along the first roll shaft radial edges arrangement;
First cutter is to inclusion:
First knife rest,
First alligator cutter, including the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, the first tool rest is located at the first knife rest, the first cutting portion Rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Second alligator cutter, including the second tool rest and the second cutting portion, the second tool rest is located at the first knife rest, the second cutting portion Rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
First cutting portion is parallel with the second cutting portion, is provided with the first cutting gap therebetween;And
Second tears up part, including the second roll shaft, and some second cutter groups along the axially in parallel arrangement of the second roll shaft;
Second cutter group, including some the second cutters pair along the second roll shaft radial edges arrangement;
Second cutter is to inclusion:
Second knife rest,
3rd alligator cutter, including the 3rd tool rest and the 3rd cutting portion, the 3rd tool rest located at the second knife rest, the 3rd cutting portion Rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
4th alligator cutter, including the 4th tool rest and the 4th cutting portion, the 4th tool rest located at the second knife rest, the 4th cutting portion Rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
3rd cutting portion is parallel with the 4th cutting portion, is provided with the second cutting gap therebetween;
First cutting portion can pass through at the second cutting gap;4th cutting portion can pass through at the first cutting gap.
A kind of shredder that the present invention provides, including
Body, including containing cavity, cavity inner wall is provided with some stationary knifes, and the plane that each stationary knife is located is parallel, is provided with therebetween Clear material gap;
Tear up mechanism, located at accommodating intracavity, tear up part and second including first and tear up part;
Drive mechanism, including motor, transmission components and differential part, motor is connected with transmission components, differential Part is connected to transmission components;
First rotating shaft, is hubbed at first and tears up part, one end is located at differential part;
Second rotating shaft, is hubbed at second and tears up part, one end is located at differential part.
Under drive mechanism drives, first rotating shaft rotates in a clockwise direction, and the second rotating shaft rotates in a counter-clockwise direction.The The rotating speed of one rotating shaft be 2.5 times of the second rotating shaft rotating speed so that from laterally to longitudinally there is the changing of the relative positions in material, and produce tearing effect Power, material is shredded by this tensile force.
For making shredder can be suitably used for the processing of the material of multiple different qualities and tearing up operation, shredder of the present invention also wraps Include sieve plate, fix some alligator cutter thereon, these alligator cutter are torn up part and second with first and torn up part cooperation, right Rigid material is shredded into the granule of smaller particle further, and is discharged by the plate hole of sieve plate.
Shredder of the present invention, also cooperation adopt vibratory conveyer the end Flywheel in first rotating shaft, from source Head feeding system realizes Homogeneous charge, to improve the property that shredder resists mass flow peak value (precipitate material increase) Can, it is to avoid the situation being likely to result in shredder blocking and shutting down.
The beneficial effect that technical solution of the present invention is realized:
The alligator cutter that the present invention provides, not only achieves replacement frequency and is minimized (tool changing in every 3 months has once), make Accordingly declined with cost, also achieve and whole power (every group of cutter needs 2kw power) are applied to material (such as:Plastic sheeting) Tear up, overcome prior art extended due to the gap between moving knife and stationary knife, or cutting corner wear cause and cannot realize to thing Material is cut entirely, and consequent many deficiencies, such as:Consumption electric power is big, cutter changing is frequent, putty fault rate high and makes With many deficiencies such as cost height.
The alligator cutter that the present invention is provided is applied to various tear up part or equipment (such as:Shredder) or and miscellaneous equipment (such as:Jigging conveyer) form combination unit, its energy consumption is only 1/3rd of existing same category of device;Process plastic sheeting per ton Only 10kw electric power can achieve, disposal ability hourly can reach 3 tons, and not only energy-saving effect is notable, and production efficiency also obtains Significantly improve.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of cutter for same in existing all kinds of broken disintegrating apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another angle of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is structural representation after using for the cutter shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of alligator cutter one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of shredder one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is another angled arrangement schematic diagram of shredder shown in Fig. 5 of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of sieve plate one embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is alligator cutter one working state schematic representation of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is another working state schematic representation of alligator cutter of the present invention;
Figure 10 is another working state schematic representation of alligator cutter of the present invention;
Figure 11 is another working state schematic representation of alligator cutter of the present invention;
Figure 12 is another working state schematic representation of alligator cutter of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Describe technical scheme below in conjunction with accompanying drawing in detail.The embodiment of the present invention is only in order to illustrate the skill of the present invention Art scheme and unrestricted, although being described in detail to the present invention with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art It should be appreciated that the technical scheme of invention can be modified or equivalent, without deviating from the essence of technical solution of the present invention God and scope, it all should be covered in scope of the presently claimed invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of alligator cutter one embodiment of the present invention.As shown in figure 4, alligator cutter 100 includes tool rest 110 and cutting portion 120, the rake face 121 of cutting portion is arc, is provided with some cutting edges 122 in rake face.In the present embodiment, Arc is the arc surface that rake face 121 is diameter (φ) is 300mm, and the sharp angle of each cutting edge may be the same or different, but should be In the range of 20 ° ± 10 °.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of shredder one embodiment of the present invention, and Fig. 6 is the structural representation of another angle of Fig. 5.As Shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, shredder 400 includes containing cavity 410, is provided with and tears up mechanism 300 in it, and cavity inner wall is provided with some fixed Knife 420, the plane that each stationary knife 420 is located is parallel, is provided with clear material gap 421 therebetween.
Tear up mechanism 300 to include first and tear up part 310 and second tearing up part 320.First rotating shaft 330 is hubbed at first Tear up part 310, one end is hubbed at second and tears up part 320 located at first gear 531, the second rotating shaft 340, one end is located at second Gear 532.First gear 531 and second gear 532 are in differential part 530.Motor 510 and transmission components 520 with Skin wheel connects, and is driven by transmission components 520, differential part 530 makes first gear 531 rotate, and is driven by first gear 531, Second gear 532 also rotates, and is controlled by first gear 531 and second gear, and first tears up part 310 turns in a clockwise direction Dynamic, second tear up part 320 and rotate in a counterclockwise direction simultaneously, first to tear up component speed be second to tear up component speed 2.5 again.
First tears up part 310 includes the first roll shaft 311, along its some first cutter group 312 of axially in parallel arrangement.Each First cutter group 312 all includes some first cutters to 210, and these arrange (the spacing of arrangement along the first roll shaft 311 radial edges Equal or different).First alligator cutter 211 includes the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, and first base of tool is located at the first knife rest 213, the first cutting portion rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face.Second alligator cutter 212 includes the second knife Seat and the second cutting portion, second base of tool is arc located at the first knife rest 213, the second cutting portion rake face, sets in this rake face There are some cutting edges;First cutting portion is parallel with the second cutting portion, is provided with the first cutting gap 214 therebetween.In between the first cutting At gap 214, the 4th cutting portion can in here by.
Second tears up part 320 includes the second roll shaft 321, along its some second cutter group 322 of axially in parallel arrangement.Each Second cutter group 322 all includes some second cutters to 220, and these arrange (the spacing of arrangement along the second roll shaft 321 radial edges Equal or different).3rd alligator cutter 221 includes the 3rd tool rest and the 3rd cutting portion, and the 3rd base of tool is located at the second knife rest 223, the 3rd cutting portion rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face.4th alligator cutter 222 includes second Tool rest and the second cutting portion, located at the second knife rest 223, the 4th cutting portion rake face is arc to second base of tool, in this rake face It is provided with some cutting edges;3rd cutting portion is parallel with the 4th cutting portion, is provided with the second cutting gap 224 therebetween.In the second cutting At gap 224, the first cutting portion can in here by.
First tear up part be second tear up part realize differential rotate when, each first cutting portion of the first cutter group All consistent with rotation direction with the second cutting portion, each the 3rd cutting portion of the second cutter group and the 4th cutting portion all with rotation side To contrary.Meanwhile, the first cutter group 312 and second group of cutter 322 expect clearly to pass through in gap 421 with this, so that each stationary knife pair The material being wrapped in each cutter group is expected clearly.
The tensile force that material is laterally produced to longitudinal changing of the relative positions by the first cutter group and the second cutter group acts on, and is torn Broken.Meanwhile, in the case of differential rotation, each first alligator cutter and the 3rd alligator cutter and the 4th alligator cutter, and Each second alligator cutter and the 3rd alligator cutter and the 4th alligator cutter have different angle of articulation and degree of engagement (referring to Fig. 8-Figure 12), material, while being snapped into, also because differential rotates by reciprocal rubbing, which further increases material and tears Broken degree, the particle diameter tearing up material greatly reduces.Each stationary knife is simultaneously not involved in the cutting of material and tears up, and only alligator cutter is entered Row is clear to expect, prevents bridging.Therefore, overcome prior art extended due to the gap between moving knife and stationary knife, or cutting corner wear causes Make to realize the problems that material is entirely cut and produces it is achieved that whole power are applied to material (such as:Plastics Thin film) tear up.
For the larger material of rigidity (such as:Duroplastss), the present embodiment also provides a kind of sieve plate, as shown in fig. 7, tearing Tearing up in broken machine arranges sieve plate 350 below mechanism, fix some alligator cutter stationary knifes 351 thereon, with to grain diameter relatively Big material is torn up again, after reducing its particle diameter, discharges from sieve plate.
When running into precipitate bulk materials, the present embodiment shredder also coordinate using vibratory conveyer and The end Flywheel of first rotating shaft, from source, feeding system realizes Homogeneous charge, to improve shredder antagonism mass flow peak The performance of value (precipitate material increase), it is to avoid the situation being likely to result in shredder blocking and shutting down.Material tore up Cheng Zhong, in case of block or bulk material directly fall without tearing up, or in order to meet to tearing up material different-grain diameter (such as: Demand 50mm-150mm), can carry out Reasonable adjustment to the arrangement of each cutter group, to increase or decrease the closeness of cutter, As:The spacing of each alligator cutter pair is adjusted to 100mm, to obtain the material in 80mm-120mm for the particle diameter.

Claims (7)

1. one kind tears up mechanism it is characterised in that including:
First cutter is to inclusion
First knife rest,
First alligator cutter, including the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, described first tool rest located at described first knife rest, described A cutting part rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Second alligator cutter, including the second tool rest and the second cutting portion, described second tool rest located at described first knife rest, described Two cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Described first cutting portion is parallel with described second cutting portion, is provided with the first cutting gap therebetween;And
Second cutter is to inclusion
Second knife rest,
3rd alligator cutter, including the 3rd tool rest and the 3rd cutting portion, described 3rd tool rest located at described second knife rest, described Three cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
4th alligator cutter, including the 4th tool rest and the 4th cutting portion, described 4th tool rest located at described second knife rest, described Four cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Described 3rd cutting portion is parallel with described 4th cutting portion, is provided with the second cutting gap therebetween;
Described first cutting portion can pass through at described second cutting gap;Described 4th cutting portion can be between the described first cutting Pass through at gap.
2. according to claim 1 tear up mechanism it is characterised in that the rake face of described alligator cutter be diameter 300 ± The cambered surface of 20mm.
3. according to claim 1 tear up mechanism it is characterised in that the cutting edge of described alligator cutter has 20 ° ± 10 ° Sharp angle.
4. one kind tears up mechanism it is characterised in that including:
First tears up part, including the first roll shaft, and some first cutter groups along the axially in parallel arrangement of described first roll shaft;
Described first cutter group, including some the first cutters pair along the first roll shaft radial edges arrangement;
Described first cutter is to inclusion:
First knife rest,
First alligator cutter, including the first tool rest and the first cutting portion, described first tool rest located at described first knife rest, described A cutting part rake face is arc, is provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Second alligator cutter, including the second tool rest and the second cutting portion, described second tool rest located at described first knife rest, described Two cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Described first cutting portion is parallel with described second cutting portion, is provided with the first cutting gap therebetween;And second tear up part, Including the second roll shaft, and some second cutter groups along the axially in parallel arrangement of described second roll shaft;
Described second cutter group, including some the second cutters pair along the second roll shaft radial edges arrangement;
Described second cutter is to inclusion:
Second knife rest,
3rd alligator cutter, including the 3rd tool rest and the 3rd cutting portion, described 3rd tool rest located at described second knife rest, described Three cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
4th alligator cutter, including the 4th tool rest and the 4th cutting portion, described 4th tool rest located at described second knife rest, described Four cutting portion rake faces are arc, are provided with some cutting edges in this rake face;
Described 3rd cutting portion is parallel with described 4th cutting portion, is provided with the second cutting gap therebetween;
Described first cutting portion can pass through at described second cutting gap;Described 4th cutting portion can be between the described first cutting Pass through at gap.
5. according to claim 4 tear up mechanism it is characterised in that the rake face of described alligator cutter be diameter 300 ± The cambered surface of 20mm.
6. according to claim 4 tear up mechanism it is characterised in that the cutting edge of described alligator cutter has 20 ° ± 10 ° Sharp angle.
7. a kind of shredder is it is characterised in that include:
Body, including containing cavity, described accommodating cavity wall is provided with some stationary knifes, and the plane that each described stationary knife is located is parallel, its Between be provided with clear material gap;
Mechanism is torn up, located at described accommodating intracavity described in claim 4;
Drive mechanism, including motor, transmission components and differential part, described motor is connected with transmission components, differential Part is connected to transmission components;
First rotating shaft, is hubbed at first and tears up part, one end is located at differential part;
Second rotating shaft, is hubbed at second and tears up part, one end is located at differential part.
CN201510030541.3A 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter CN104646146B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510030541.3A CN104646146B (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter
CN201310500455.5A CN103521328B (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and shredder with same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510030541.3A CN104646146B (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310500455.5A Division CN103521328B (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and shredder with same

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104646146A CN104646146A (en) 2015-05-27
CN104646146B true CN104646146B (en) 2017-03-01

Family

ID=53238077

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510030541.3A CN104646146B (en) 2013-10-22 2013-10-22 Alligator cutter and the shredder with alligator cutter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104646146B (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104890148A (en) * 2015-06-06 2015-09-09 安徽的丰管业有限公司 Plastic pipe milling crusher
CN105286053A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Circulating cutting and mixing type feed processing device
CN105361221A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-02 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Circulation cutting type discharging stirring type feed mixed processing device
CN105310094A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-10 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Novel cutting type feed mixing and processing device
CN105341968A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Heat preservation type feed processing device in flowing, circulating and cutting manner
CN105326082A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Efficient-feeding cutting mixing fodder processing machine
CN105326081A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-17 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Multifunctional feed mixing and processing device
CN105536947A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-04 天紫环保装备制造(天津)有限公司 Crushing structure of double-shaft crusher
CN105665094A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-06-15 江苏华海钢结构有限公司 Plastic plate crushing machine
CN107185675A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-22 湖南绿色再生资源有限公司 A kind of refrigerator crushing equipment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2323870Y (en) * 1998-03-26 1999-06-16 徐香茹 Improvement of cutting structure for crusher
CN2522169Y (en) * 2001-12-18 2002-11-27 张吉润 Improved rotary cutter of disintegrator
US6532863B1 (en) * 2002-09-03 2003-03-18 Ming-Tsung Lee Food processor
EP2641706A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-25 Adiamas Method for manufacturing a cutting blade and facility for implementing such a method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2323870Y (en) * 1998-03-26 1999-06-16 徐香茹 Improvement of cutting structure for crusher
CN2522169Y (en) * 2001-12-18 2002-11-27 张吉润 Improved rotary cutter of disintegrator
US6532863B1 (en) * 2002-09-03 2003-03-18 Ming-Tsung Lee Food processor
EP2641706A1 (en) * 2012-03-23 2013-09-25 Adiamas Method for manufacturing a cutting blade and facility for implementing such a method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104646146A (en) 2015-05-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106881173A (en) A kind of building waste pre-processes crushing grinding device
CN202942957U (en) Integrated garbage crushing and sorting machine
JP2004521736A (en) Automatic garbage sorting and crushing apparatus and foreign matter sorting method
AU2007226631A1 (en) Disruptor system for dry cellulosic materials
CN206104081U (en) Biomass fuel crushing equipment
CN202006525U (en) Double-shaft crusher
CN104258944B (en) A kind of refuse grinder
CN206027887U (en) Take battery anode material crushing apparatus of precomminution device
CN102500595B (en) Kitchen garbage disposal device and mincer thereof
CN100457277C (en) Method and apparatus for crushing waste tyre
EP2819785B1 (en) Method and device for large-scale processing of biomass for energy production
CN206082715U (en) Take high -efficient crushing apparatus of precomminution device
CN201179696Y (en) Waste and old film crushing and cleaning machine
CN205236045U (en) Biomass fuel crusher
CN201385039Y (en) Integrated treatment device of life garbage
CN204487888U (en) A kind of disintegrating machine of novel waste plastic
CN206286000U (en) A kind of stalk crasher for biomass power generation
CN207042632U (en) A kind of battery case pulverizer for battery manufacture
CN202062552U (en) Rubber powder producing system
CN106423444A (en) Transverse and vertical wood cutting and shredding machine
CN101869864A (en) High-efficiency combined type domestic garbage crusher
CN101474629A (en) Integrated treating device for domestic garbage
CN205105710U (en) Raw materials rubbing crusher is used in biomass fuel processing
JP2005199132A (en) Inflammable garbage sorting system
CN108906258B (en) High-efficient shredding device of solid waste

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 201407 Fengxian District City, the town of Green Bridge Industrial Zone, Qian Qian Bridge Road, No. 1100

Co-patentee after: Zhangjiagang Amstar Sanwa Machinery Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: SHANGHAI SHENJIA SANWA CO., LTD.

Address before: 201407 Fengxian District City, the town of Green Bridge Industrial Zone, Qian Qian Bridge Road, No. 1100

Co-patentee before: Zhangjiagang Amstar Sanwa Machinery Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Shanghai Shenjia Sanwa Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170301

Termination date: 20171022