CN104941756A - Three-shaft crushing machine - Google Patents

Three-shaft crushing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104941756A
CN104941756A CN201410110961.8A CN201410110961A CN104941756A CN 104941756 A CN104941756 A CN 104941756A CN 201410110961 A CN201410110961 A CN 201410110961A CN 104941756 A CN104941756 A CN 104941756A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
spiral
rotor
solid waste
disintegrating machine
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410110961.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李应超
李建广
陆利威
郭华全
刘文定
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HARDEN SHREDDER TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd
Original Assignee
HARDEN SHREDDER TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HARDEN SHREDDER TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd filed Critical HARDEN SHREDDER TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410110961.8A priority Critical patent/CN104941756A/en
Publication of CN104941756A publication Critical patent/CN104941756A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof

Abstract

The invention relates to a three-shaft crushing machine which is characterized by comprising three screw cutter rollers which are distributed in parallel; the middle axes of the three screw cutter rollers are in triangular distribution; screw edges of the cutter rollers are in V-shaped distribution; a fixed cutter plate group is arranged below the cutter rollers in a cutter box; each screw cutter roller is connected with a motor by a speed reducing machine and a coupling device and is driven by a motor. According to the three-shaft crushing machine, the three cutter rollers do relative movement relative to a fixed cutter plate; shearing and tearing force acting on materials is generated during relative movement of the screw edges of every two screw cutter rollers and relative movement of the screw edge of each screw cutter roller and the fixed cutter plate, so that the materials are crushed. The three-shaft crushing machine is suitable for crushing of a mixture of soft materials, hard materials, thick materials and thin materials, and particularly suitable for crushing of household garbage, RDF and biomass materials, and has the characteristics of being high in yield, low in noise, convenient to maintain and low in energy consumption.

Description

A kind of three axle disintegrating machines
The present invention relates to a kind of three axle disintegrating machines, be applied to fixed-end forces field, particularly Domestic garbage crushing, RDF is broken and biomass material is broken.
 
Background technology
Along with the quickening of social development urbanization process, the output of domestic waste is increasing, how to process Problem of Urban Waste day by day by countries in the world are paid attention to.In the process of garbage disposal, no matter be reclaiming, compost, pyrolysis gasification or make RDF fuel rod, shattering process is all absolutely necessary a ring.
Composition in rubbish is very assorted, and the various materials of soft or hard thickness have, and cause traditional disintegrating machine inefficiency being applicable to single material thus, discharging particle is uneven.The present invention is directed to this problem, give a kind of disintegrating machine of new structure.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the deficiency for disintegrating machine existing in the problems referred to above, there is provided a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine of three rotors, this disintegrating machine has features such as using wide spectrum material, output is high, energy consumption is low, easy to maintenance, crushing effect good, noise is low.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical proposals:
A kind of disintegrating machine, the present invention relates to a kind of three axle disintegrating machines, be applied to solid waste material broken, comprise frame, described support is provided with girff, in described girff, three spiral rotors are installed, spiral shell rib on single rotor is divided into dextrorotation and derotation two sections to become V-shaped to arrange, knife fixing plate group is provided with below spiral rotor, described girff is provided with hopper, the reductor and motor that drive the running of spiral rotor is provided with in girff side, be connected by shaft coupling between reductor with spiral rotor, the input of reductor is connected with the output shaft of motor, reductor is fixed on installing rack by fastening bolt, installing rack is arranged in frame.
Spiral rotor described above is 3, and the motor driving described rotor to operate is 2, and described reductor is 2.
Two spiral rotors counter rotating to the inside above as above, below a spiral rotor can rotate on clockwise and counterclockwise both direction.
The spiral shell rib of spiral rotor described above divides two sections, and one section is positive rotation direction, one section for derotation to, form V-shaped bidirectional screw structure.
The spiral shell rib of spiral rotor described above plays blade effect, and the external diameter garden of adjacent two spiral rotors is tangent and have certain interval.
The installation and removal of spiral rotor described above have been come by bracket.
Bracket described above is made up of screw mandrel, fixed block, support bar and slide block.
Be provided with knife fixing plate group below spiral rotor as above, the gap between described spiral rotor and described stationary knife cutting plate can regulate.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, three axle disintegrating machines among the present invention, reductor is driven by motor, reductor drives spiral rotor to rotate, rotor is 3, superincumbent two spiral rotors counter rotating to the inside, pulls material and is expressed on spiral rotor below, the spiral shell rib blade of adjacent two rotors by the shearing to material, tear, break process that the active force such as extruding realizes material, the rotating speed of rotor can regulate motor as required, and efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, noise is little.
2, three axle disintegrating machines of the present invention, produce shear effect by relative motion between the spiral shell rib blade of spiral rotor and knife fixing plate group, thus effectively can improve broken efficiency, knife fixing plate can play the effect of screen cloth simultaneously, from and can crushing effect be improved, discharging uniform granularity.
3, be arranged among the present invention between two spiral rotors above and have certain distance, so that material falls into girff, spiral rotor below plays main broken effect, when running into load and being excessive, spiral rotor changes direction of rotation automatically below, guarantee equipment operates continuously, makes crushing efficiency higher.
4, on girff, be provided with bracket among the present invention, this bracket can ensure that the installation and removal of cutter shaft become very simple, thus reduces maintenance cost.
 
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional view of RDF disintegrating machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the explosive view of RDF disintegrating machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is RDF disintegrating machine running part three-dimensional view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is RDF disintegrating machine arc shear plate three-dimensional view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is RDF disintegrating machine wrench operated schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the bracket three-dimensional view of RDF fragmentation of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the screw body three-dimensional view of RDF disintegrating machine bracket of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is that RDF disintegrating machine spiral rotor of the present invention rotates forward direction schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is that RDF disintegrating machine spiral rotor of the present invention reversely rotates direction schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is RDF disintegrating machine spiral rotor operation principle of the present invention signal.
 
[detailed description of the invention]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further detailed description is done to the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, a kind of three axle disintegrating machines, comprise frame 6, on described support, 6 are provided with girff 7, in described girff 7, three spiral rotors 4 are installed, knife fixing plate group 10 is provided with below spiral rotor 4, described girff 7 is provided with hopper, the reductor 3 driving spiral rotor 4 to operate is provided with in girff 7 side, be connected by shaft coupling 22 between reductor 3 with spiral rotor 4, the input of reductor 3 is connected with the output shaft of motor 2, reductor 2 is fixed on installing rack 1 by fastening bolt, installing rack 1 is arranged in frame 6, RDF disintegrating machine among the present invention, reductor is driven by motor, reductor drives spiral rotor to rotate, rotor is 3, material towing is mainly expressed on rotor below by two rotors above, by shearing between adjacent two rotors, to tear and the active force such as extruding carries out fragmentation to material, spiral rotor and knife fixing plate produce shear action to material, the size of material is reduced further, therefore crushing efficiency is high, energy consumption is low, crushing effect is good.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, described spiral rotor is 3, and the motor 2 driving described rotor 4 to operate is 2, and described reductor 3 is 2, and this arranges rational in infrastructure, is convenient to realize.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the gap between spiral rotor 4 and knife fixing plate group 10 is very little and there is relative motion, material is produced to the effect of shearing and tearing, reduces material size further, thus can promote broken efficiency.
As shown in Figure 5, knife fixing plate group 10 can also control discharging size in the present embodiment, thus improves crushing effect.
As shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, in the present embodiment, by while rotary spanner A41 and spanner B42, screw mandrel 55 produces an outside active force, thus driving whole bracket outside, spiral rotor 4 is connected with bracket, and spiral rotor 4 is outside with bracket, only need operating personnel can complete the dismounting task of spiral rotor, decrease maintenance difficult.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, in the present embodiment, spiral rotor (61 and 63) counter rotating to the inside above, spiral rotor (62) below rotates clockwise, under the effect of spiral shell rib relative motion, the active forces such as the material between spiral rotor is subject to shearing, tear, extruding, carry out break process to material, when load is excessive, spiral rotor (61,62,63) changes direction of rotation, guarantee equipment normally runs continuously, effectively increases work efficiency.

Claims (13)

1. an axle disintegrating machine, the present invention relates to a kind of disintegrating machine being applied to broken solid waste, comprise frame (6), on described support, (6) are provided with girff (7), in described girff (7), three spiral rotors (4) are installed, the cutter rib of spiral rotor (4) becomes circular array, spiral rotor (4) below is provided with knife fixing plate group (10), described girff (7) is provided with hopper (5), the reductor (3) driving spiral rotor (4) to rotate is provided with in girff (7) side, the input of reductor (3) is connected with the output shaft of motor (2), be connected by shaft coupling (22) between reductor (3) with spiral rotor (4), reductor (3) is fixed on installing rack (1) by fastening bolt, installing rack (1) is arranged in frame (6).
2. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the spiral shell rib of described spiral rotor (4) is divided into two sections, the direction of two sections of spiral shell ribs relative to the arrangement of one-tenth V-shaped, one section of spiral shell rib be left-handed to, another section of spiral shell rib be dextrorotation to.
3. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described spiral rotor (4) quantity is 3, and the motor (2) driving spiral rotor (4) to operate is 2, and described reductor (3) is 2.
4. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the axis of described 3 spiral rotors (4) is parallel to each other.
5. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described spiral rotor (4) be arranged with knife fixing plate group (10).
6. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the distance between the interior diameter and arc surface of described knife fixing plate group (10) and the outer diameter and arc surface of spiral rotor (4) can regulate.
7. a kind of solid waste forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: knife fixing plate group (10) is combined with tool roller axis Transverse Shear cutting plate (32) by the gusset (31) of tool roller axis axis, gusset (31) and shear plate (32) form grid each other, and grid can play screening filtration.
8. a kind of solid waste forming machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described 3 spiral rotors, and wherein, (outside) two is incorgruous to rotation, below (inner side) can rotate forward or backwards.
9. a kind of solid waste forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the spiral shell rib external diameter of described 3 spiral rotors is tangent, wherein the spiral shell rib of rotor (61) and the spiral shell rib of rotor (62) tangent, the spiral shell rib of rotor (62) and the spiral shell rib of rotor (63) tangent, and tangent gap is adjustable.
10. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the dismounting of described spiral rotor (4) and be fitted through bracket (11) and come.
11. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machines according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be made up of screw mandrel (55), latch segment (53), slide block (54) and support bar (52) at described bracket (11).
12. according to claim 1 and a kind of solid waste disintegrating machine according to claim 11, it is characterized in that: can be driven by screw mandrel (55) at described bracket (11) and prolong moving axially of spiral rotor, and drive bracket (11) and spiral rotor (4) to extract out from girff (7), safeguard to carry out mounting or dismounting.
13. a kind of solid waste disintegrating machines according to claim 1, its purposes is: the present invention is applicable to the fragmentation of house refuse material, garbage derivatived fuel and biomass material.
CN201410110961.8A 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Three-shaft crushing machine Pending CN104941756A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410110961.8A CN104941756A (en) 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Three-shaft crushing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410110961.8A CN104941756A (en) 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Three-shaft crushing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104941756A true CN104941756A (en) 2015-09-30

Family

ID=54157121

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410110961.8A Pending CN104941756A (en) 2014-03-25 2014-03-25 Three-shaft crushing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104941756A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105268507A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-27 无为县华标新型墙体材料有限公司 Crusher with multiple crushing wheels
CN105750205A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-13 福建农林大学 Construction waste throwing and heavy separation crushing device and method
CN107185675A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-22 湖南绿色再生资源有限公司 A kind of refrigerator crushing equipment
CN110152827A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-23 镇江新宇固体废物处置有限公司 A kind of efficient dangerous waste disposal crusher
CN112371287A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-02-19 上海赛安环境科技有限公司 Adjustable material processing device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105268507A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-01-27 无为县华标新型墙体材料有限公司 Crusher with multiple crushing wheels
CN105750205A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-07-13 福建农林大学 Construction waste throwing and heavy separation crushing device and method
CN107185675A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-09-22 湖南绿色再生资源有限公司 A kind of refrigerator crushing equipment
CN110152827A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-23 镇江新宇固体废物处置有限公司 A kind of efficient dangerous waste disposal crusher
CN112371287A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-02-19 上海赛安环境科技有限公司 Adjustable material processing device

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PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150930

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication