CN104588250B - Automatic curtain-coating system for lost foam casting - Google Patents

Automatic curtain-coating system for lost foam casting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104588250B
CN104588250B CN201510065036.2A CN201510065036A CN104588250B CN 104588250 B CN104588250 B CN 104588250B CN 201510065036 A CN201510065036 A CN 201510065036A CN 104588250 B CN104588250 B CN 104588250B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
showering
motor
automatic
main shaft
clamping
Prior art date
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CN201510065036.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104588250A (en
Inventor
阚宏林
马海洋
邓启超
许德章
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Wuhu Anpu Robot Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Wuhu Anpu Robot Industry Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510065036.2A priority Critical patent/CN104588250B/en
Publication of CN104588250A publication Critical patent/CN104588250A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/04Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation
    • B05B13/0405Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation with reciprocating or oscillating spray heads
    • B05B13/041Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation with reciprocating or oscillating spray heads with spray heads reciprocating along a straight line
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0285Stands for supporting individual articles to be sprayed, e.g. doors, vehicle body parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B14/00Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material
    • B05B14/40Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material for use in spray booths
    • B05B14/49Arrangements for collecting, re-using or eliminating excess spraying material for use in spray booths specially adapted for solvents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/50Arrangements for cleaning; Arrangements for preventing deposits, drying-out or blockage; Arrangements for detecting improper discharge caused by the presence of foreign matter
    • B05B15/55Arrangements for cleaning; Arrangements for preventing deposits, drying-out or blockage; Arrangements for detecting improper discharge caused by the presence of foreign matter using cleaning fluids
    • B05B15/555Arrangements for cleaning; Arrangements for preventing deposits, drying-out or blockage; Arrangements for detecting improper discharge caused by the presence of foreign matter using cleaning fluids discharged by cleaning nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/60Arrangements for mounting, supporting or holding spraying apparatus
    • B05B15/62Arrangements for supporting spraying apparatus, e.g. suction cups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B16/00Spray booths
    • B05B16/40Construction elements specially adapted therefor, e.g. floors, walls or ceilings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B9/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour
    • B05B9/03Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material
    • B05B9/04Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material with pressurised or compressible container; with pump
    • B05B9/0403Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material with pressurised or compressible container; with pump with pumps for liquids or other fluent material
    • B05B9/0413Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material with pressurised or compressible container; with pump with pumps for liquids or other fluent material with reciprocating pumps, e.g. membrane pump, piston pump, bellow pump

Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic curtain-coating system for lost foam casting. The system comprises a control system, a curtain-coating-recovery-cleaning system, a clamping device, a pallet device and a traveling crane, wherein the curtain-coating-recovery-cleaning system is formed by integrating an automatic cleaning device, a recovery device and a spraying device through a pipeline and a reversing valve; the automatic cleaning device, the recovery device, the spraying device, the clamping device and the traveling crane are connected with the control system through cables; the curtain-coating-recovery-cleaning system is distributed in the conveying direction of the traveling crane; the clamping device is connected to the traveling crane through a steel cable; the pallet device is connected with the clamping device; the recovery device and the spraying device form curtain-coating equipment. The system has the advantages of high automation degree, high efficiency, low production cost and the like, safety in a production process can be improved, curtain-coating quality can be ensured, manpower is saved, and working efficiency is improved.

Description

A kind of automatic showering system of lost foam casting
Technical field
The present invention relates to Technology of EPC field, the automatic showering system of specifically a kind of lost foam casting.
Background technology
The automatic leaching coating process of lost foam casting includes clamping, transport, positioning, showering, upset, inspection.What is be currently known disappears Transport, positioning, upset, showering in lost pattern casting coating techniques, each process is all to fully rely on manpower to realize, it is impossible to realized Automatization, and this technological process is relative complex, and work efficiency is extremely low.Spray paint fully relies on manually to complete, and operates ring Border is poor, high labor intensive.Place and the white mould of clamping also fully relies on manpower to realize, high labor intensive.White mould during showering Upset also fully rely on manual operation, not only waste substantial amounts of human resourcess, and the also danger of falling object from high altitude.Showering During drippage and unrestrained coating cannot also be reclaimed, secondary utilization can not be realized.The same day after hours, meeting in pipeline Substantial amounts of coating is accumulated, is needed timely to be cleared up, and current cleaning way is manual cleaning, the quality of cleaning can not be protected Card, so as to have influence on the quality of showering.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, the present invention proposes a kind of high degree of automation, efficiency high and low production cost, can Improve the safety in production process and guarantee the automatic showering system of lost foam casting of showering quality.
A kind of automatic showering system of lost foam casting, including control system, showering-recovery-purging system, clamping device, Pallet apparatus and driving, the showering-recovery-purging system pass through pipeline by automatic clearing apparatuss, retracting device, flusher Form with integrated with reversal valve, the automatic clearing apparatuss, retracting device, flusher, clamping device, driving pass through cable It is connected with control system, the showering-recovery-purging system is distributed on the carriage direction of driving, and the clamping device passes through Wirerope is connected in driving, and the pallet apparatus are connected with clamping device, and the retracting device, flusher constitute showering and set It is standby.The control to whole system is realized using control system, fully to realize automatization, traditional artificial manual behaviour is instead of Make, greatly improve efficiency, save the input of human cost, and ensure that the quality of showering, during work, using control system It is alternative artificial operation that system drives showering-recovery-purging system, clamping device, pallet apparatus and driving work, is capable of achieving certainly The function of dynamic positioning, showering, rotation, coating recovery and self-cleaning.
The control system includes realizing the HMI device of man-machine information interaction, PLC, for completing the sensor for positioning, holding Row device, the PLC are connected by signal cable with HMI device, sensor, executor respectively, the showering-recovery-cleaning system System, clamping device, driving are connected with the PLC by cable.
The PLC is provided with an electrical connector, the HMI device and the control action with the executor junction No. two electrical connectors are provided between PLC, electrical fitting between the sensor and the PLC, is plugged with, described No. one is electrically connected Fitting, No. two electrical connectors and electrical fitting are signal cable.Evaporative pattern to be processed is placed on pallet apparatus, people Work is clamped operation to which, and after completing to clamp and fix, clamping device handling to pallet apparatus is located by PLC control drivings Particular location, now sensor detect signal, and signal is fed back to into PLC, and by PLC with realize man-machine information interaction HMI device enters the exchange of row information, and executor can then drive clamping device to work, and completes the real time position to clamping process and detects With amendment in real time, it is accurately positioned with guarantee.
The automatic clearing apparatuss, it is attached with pipeline and valve between retracting device and flusher.
The clamping device includes cantilever, promotes clamping device, turning device, and the cantilever is I-steel or H steel constructions And the cantilever is gate-type, the promotion clamping device and turning device are located at cantilever side-lower, the promotion clamping device position Above the turning device, it is described promotion clamping device and turning device have two sets, it is described two sets promote clamping device with Two sets of turning devices are symmetrical in cantilever both sides respectively.Using promoting cooperating for clamping device and turning device, so as to Promoting clamping device by pallet apparatus positioning, after clamping, using turning device can be synchronous make promotion clamping device, pallet Device overturns, and is that follow-up showering is prepared.
It is described promotion clamping device include motor I, splash, motor II, outer-hexagonal, III installing plate of motor, III axle of motor Connecting plate, push rod, motor III, little gear, gear wheel, push pedal, spring, I axle connecting plate of motor, bearing block I, bearing I, shaft coupling Ith, bearing block II, connecting shaft I, hinge, flange, shaft coupling II, connecting shaft II, bearing II, slide plate, III installing plate of the motor are solid Cantilever side is scheduled on, the motor III is fixed on III installing plate of motor, output shaft and the connecting shaft I of the motor III pass through connection Axle device I is connected, and is provided with bearing I in the connecting shaft I, the bearing I and shaft coupling I all in the bearing block I with I turn of bearing block Dynamic connection, the bearing block I are affixed with III installing plate of motor, and the connecting shaft I is affixed with III axle connecting plate of motor, the motor I is located at top of splashing, and the motor I is affixed with cantilever, and the output shaft of the motor I passes through shaft coupling II and II phase of connecting shaft Even, fixing bearing II in the connecting shaft II, the shaft coupling II, bearing II are rotated with bearing block II and are connected, the connecting shaft II is affixed with I axle connecting plate of motor, and the push pedal is affixed with cantilever by hinge, and the push pedal is connected with slide plate slides, described Slide plate and push rod are rotated and be connecteds, the push rod through cantilever and the push rod other end with splash affixed, the spring empty set is in push rod On, it is described splash it is axially affixed with outer-hexagonal, it is described splash it is affixed by flange with motor II, the little gear and motor II Output shaft is affixed, and the gear wheel is affixed with outer-hexagonal, and the gear wheel is engaged with little gear, the pallet apparatus be provided with The hexagon ring that outer-hexagonal is engaged.In order to realize the axial feed of outer-hexagonal, start motor III, III axle connecting plate of motor turns It is dynamic, and then push pedal is promoted using III axle connecting plate of motor, push pedal is rotated around hinge, such slide plate slides in push pedal, Promotion is splashed away from cantilever, and such outer-hexagonal is can be plugged on the hexagon ring of pallet apparatus, realizes the clamping to pallet apparatus; Hereafter, rotated using I drive connection axle II of motor, so as to synchronous I axle connecting plate of drive motor is turned round, so as to match with push pedal Close, push pedal is blocked, anti-thrust plate resets under the elastic restoring force effect of spring.
The turning device includes motor reducer, main spindle coupling, main shaft, bearing III, main shaft support seat, main shaft Key, the promotion clamping device and turning device are by promoting the main shaft phase on outer-hexagonal and the turning device on clamping device Even, the motor reducer is horizontal on cantilever, and the motor reducer is connected with main shaft by main spindle coupling, described Main shaft is rotated with main shaft support seat by bearing III and is connected, and the quantity of the bearing III is two, outside described two bearings III Circle with main shaft support seat close-fitting, III inner ring of described two bearings with main shaft close-fitting, the main shaft support seat is fixed on cantilever On, the main shaft key is affixed with main shaft.When needing to realize that outer-hexagonal overturns, need to only start motor reducer, drive shaft turns It is dynamic, and then the rotation for making outer-hexagonal synchronous.
The outer-hexagonal has axially and radially guidance quality, and outer-hexagonal outer surface is provided with cone angle, and cone angle is less than 5 degree, institute State outer-hexagonal and be provided with the dowel hole coordinated with the main shaft key on main shaft, in addition, in order to prevent the seamed edge of outer-hexagonal from filling with pallet The hexagon ring put is not corresponded to, width of the keyway hole width on special envoy's outer-hexagonal more than the main shaft key on main shaft.
The coater includes paint feeding device, feed pipe, automatic showering joint, automatic showering room, artificial pouring Room, spray gun, showering pond, feed back pipeline and automatic coating device are applied, the automatic coating device is arranged in automatic showering room, institute Spray gun is stated in artificial showering room, the paint feeding device is connected with automatic showering joint, spray gun by feed pipe, The automatic showering joint is connected with automatic coating device, and the showering pond is corresponded to respectively installed in artificial showering room and pouring automatically The bottom of room is applied, the quantity of the automatic coating device is two sets, and two sets of automatic coating devices are corresponded to respectively and are placed in automatically The left and right sides of showering room, the paint feeding device are connected with showering pond by feed back pipeline.Coater is capable of achieving dialogue The automatic showering of die worker's part, instead of traditional manual showering using automatization, improves the efficiency of showering;Using automatic showering Room, artificial showering room use cooperatively, and are effectively prevented white die worker's part and leakage showering phenomenon occur, ensureing the quality of product; Improve the work situation of workman, it is ensured that the physical and mental health of workman.
The showering pond is the trapezoidal guide face structure of two-layer, and showering cell cavity body, the showering pond are arranged at showering pond bottom Bottom has for reclaiming the flange arrangement of coating.
The paint feeding device includes paint can, feeding membrane pump, feed back membrane pump and feed back tank, the paint can, Feeding membrane pump is connected with automatic coating device, spray gun by feed pipe, the feeding membrane pump and showering bottom of pond portion method Connected by feed pipe between blue structure, connected by feed back pipeline between the feed back membrane pump and feed back tank.Feeding every Coating in paint can is respectively delivered in automatic showering joint, spray gun by membrane pump by feed pipe, and coating showering is to white mould After surface of the work, remaining coating is flowed in two showering ponds respectively, is then conveyed through feed back membrane pump by feed back pipeline To in feed back tank, it is connected using paint can, feed back tank, realizes recycling for coating, it is to avoid is wasted, saved showering Cost.
The automatic showering room is steel framework structure with artificial showering room, and to ensure overall fastness, and periphery is equal Sealed using steel plate.
The automatic coating device includes framework, vehicle guide, active duplex chain wheel device, double strand chain, connecting rod, slip Dolly, spray boom, driven duplex chain wheel device and tensioner apparatus, the vehicle guide are horizontally arranged at framework upper, the cunning Be slidably matched between dynamic dolly and vehicle guide, the spray boom be arranged on sliding machine top, the active duplex chain wheel device, from Dynamic duplex chain wheel device, tensioner apparatus, double strand chain are arranged on lower frame, and the active duplex chain wheel device is double with driven It is connected by double strand chain to transmit power between row chain wheel apparatus, the tensioner apparatus are engaged with the bottom of double strand chain, institute The upper end for stating connecting rod is connected with sliding machine, and the lower end of the connecting rod is connected with double strand chain.Filled by active duplex chain wheel Put and the cooperation between driven duplex chain wheel device, so as to provide driving force for sliding machine so that sliding machine is led in dolly Move reciprocatingly under the guiding of rail, so as to synchronous drive spray boom moves reciprocatingly, to realize reciprocal showering, it is ensured that showering Quality.
The driven duplex chain wheel device includes driven duplex chain wheel, tightening nut, driven pulley main shaft, lifting bolt, bullet Spring, long threaded rod, pre-tightening mechanism pedestal, stop nut and driven pulley casing, the driven pulley casing be arranged on framework on, it is described from Driving wheel main shaft is connected by bearing with the top of driven pulley casing, and the driven duplex chain wheel is with driven pulley main shaft by being bonded Connect, the driven duplex chain wheel is engaged with double strand chain, between the tightening nut and driven pulley main shaft screw thread coordinate with it is fixed from The axial dimension of dynamic duplex chain wheel, the lifting bolt, spring, long threaded rod, pre-tightening mechanism pedestal and stop nut constitute pretension Mechanism, the pre-tightening mechanism are placed on the right side of driven pulley casing, and the long threaded rod realizes driven roller box by way of screw thread cooperation Connection between body and pre-tightening mechanism pedestal, the stop nut are placed on the right side of pre-tightening mechanism pedestal, and the stop nut with Between long threaded rod, screw thread coordinates, and the quantity of the lifting bolt is two, and described two lifting bolts are corresponded to and driven roller box respectively Body, pre-tightening mechanism base thread coordinate, and are connected by spring between described two lifting bolts.
The active duplex chain wheel device includes electric machine support, active duplex chain wheel, reducing motor and rosette, the electricity Machine support is arranged on framework, and the reducing motor is arranged on electric machine support, and the active duplex chain wheel is fixed on deceleration electricity On the output shaft of machine, the rosette is arranged on the top of reducing motor, and the active duplex chain wheel is engaged with double strand chain.Make Used time, by screwing long threaded rod, change the spacing between pre-tightening mechanism pedestal, driven pulley casing, be finally reached regulation driven double Spacing between row chain wheel, active duplex chain wheel device, realizes the tensioning of double strand chain, to ensure performance;Meanwhile, using bullet The elastic restoring force of spring, can make driven pulley casing by the power away from active duplex chain wheel, that is, realize pretension.
The tensioner apparatus include spiral shell on stud under tensioning wheel, tensioning wheel elastic device, tensioning wheel connecting rod, tensioning wheel Bolt, tightener sprocket and tensioning wheel installing rack, the tensioning wheel installing rack are fixed on framework, the tensioning wheel elastic device, tensioning Wheel connecting rod is fixed on tensioning wheel installing rack by stud under tensioning wheel, and the tightener sprocket is fixed by bolt on tensioning wheel In the upper end of tensioning wheel connecting rod, the tightener sprocket is engaged with double strand chain.
The sliding machine includes wheel, head, head installing plate and flange, and the wheel is symmetrically mounted under head On end face, the wheel correspondence is engaged with vehicle guide, and the head installing plate is arranged on head, and the flange is arranged on In the middle part of the lower end of head, the flange is connected with the upper end of connecting rod.
The spray boom includes securing member, spray boom pipeline, tee T, flat shower nozzle and two pass joints, the spray boom pipeline One end is fixed on head installing plate by securing member, and the tee T divides at equal intervals along the axis direction of spray boom pipeline Cloth, the tee T are connected by way of screw thread cooperation with spray boom pipeline enclosure, what two pass joint was coordinated by screw thread Mode is fixed on the other end of spray boom pipeline, and the flat shower nozzle correspondence is installed in tee T, the lower end of two pass joints.Head can To drive spray boom to horizontally rotate, with when white die worker's part enters automatic showering room, it is to avoid collide with white die worker's part, it is ensured that enter Part is smoothed out;Automatically after showering joint is connected with the spray boom pipeline of spray boom, you can carry out showering process.
The automatic clearing apparatuss include the two position three way directional control valve that No. two filters and paint can be sequentially connected in series, Number filter, membrane pump, check valve, overflow valve, diverter, the shower nozzle being connected on diverter, No. two filtrations Device is arranged on feed back pipeline, and the other end of No. two filters is connected with No. two two position three way directional control valves, and described No. two Filter is connected to the right position of No. two two position three way directional control valves, and the left position of No. two two position three way directional control valves is connected with water tank, described Water tank is connected with the left position of a two position three way directional control valve, and the left position of No. two two position three way directional control valves is also associated with No. two barrier films Pump, No. two membrane pumps are connected with No. three two position three way directional control valves, and No. two membrane pumps are connected to No. three two-position three way commutations The right position of valve, the left position of No. three two position three way directional control valves are connected with paint can, and the paint can is changed with a two-position three way It is connected to the right position of valve, the right position of No. three two position three way directional control valves is connected with Water Sproading case.Automatic clearing apparatuss are capable of achieving to returning The automatic cleaning on road, it is not necessary to add extra device, reduces cleaning cost, realize prevent coating it is hardened cause pipeline block up Plug, improves the purpose in equipment using effect and life-span.
The shower nozzle has four, is equipped with gate valve between the two of which shower nozzle and diverter.
One pressure gauge is installed in the middle of the overflow valve and check valve.
Automatically, after the completion of showering, the evaporative pattern after showering is transported in artificial showering room by driving carries out inspection patcher Make.After the completion of repairing, that is, complete the automatic showering work of evaporative pattern.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The present invention has the advantages that high degree of automation, efficiency high and low production cost, can Improve the safety in production process and guarantee showering quality, in addition:
(1) the driving Automatic Positioning Control that the present invention is adopted, signal is sent to PLC in real time by sensor, is passed through Man machine interface is monitored to road location and is corrected, compared and the artificial naked-eye observation control of traditional dependence, automaticity Improve with precision, to realize easy and the intellectuality of operation;
(2) it is exactly the fixation of automatization that pallet apparatus of the invention are compared with the advantage of traditional artificial fixation, it is not necessary to People participates in can be fixed, reduces station, has saved employment cost;
(3) present invention is capable of achieving automated exchanged cutter and the locking of white die worker's part, needs compared to traditional manually clamping The clamping process that several workmans can just complete, the present invention have liberated manpower, and in clamping process, relatively prominent advantage is exactly to fill Folder speed is fast, improves labor efficiency, due to being automated exchanged cutter, improves clamping speed, and Financial cost is also artificial than traditional Clamping cost is much lower, saves manpower and reduces cost improves work efficiency simultaneously again;
(4) showering and upset of the achievable automatization of the present invention, it is no longer necessary to manually overturn, from the angle for reducing station Degree reduces employment cost, for comparing the deficiency that operating environment is poor, safe coefficient is low with traditional artificial showering and upset, Invention not only improves operating environment and improve the safety of operation, while improve the efficiency of work, indirect saving Financial cost;
(5) coating that the present invention can be to spray during efficient recovery showering and drip, carries out secondary utilization after filtering, The reality with traditional hand spray non-recovery is compared, substantial amounts of Financial cost only in terms of coating, can be saved;
(6) the inferior problem that the artificial showering room of the present invention can be present with effectively solving product, it is ensured that the quality of product;
(7) the adopted sensor of the present invention is used cooperatively with PLC, so as to improve the stability and reliability of device;
(8) effectively solving equipment pipe of the present invention causes because of the coating for depositing pipeline and the situation of shower nozzle blocking, be The work of next day provides convenient.
Description of the drawings
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples invention is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the system block diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the control principle schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram of the clamping device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the main structure diagram for promoting clamping device and turning device connection of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the overlooking the structure diagram for promoting clamping device and turning device connection of the present invention;
A-A sectional views of the Fig. 6 for Fig. 4;
B-B sectional views of the Fig. 7 for Fig. 4;
H-H sectional views of the Fig. 8 for Fig. 5
Fig. 9 is the sectional perspective structural representation for promoting the connection of clamping device, turning device and cantilever of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the main structure diagram of the outer-hexagonal of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the dimensional structure diagram of the outer-hexagonal of the present invention;
Dimensional structure diagrams of the Figure 12 for pallet apparatus;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the coater of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the automatic showering room of the present invention, the dimensional structure diagram of artificial showering room;
Figure 15 is the dimensional structure diagram in the showering pond of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the dimensional structure diagram of the automatic coating device of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the active duplex chain wheel device of the present invention of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the driven duplex chain wheel device of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the tensioner apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the connecting rod of the present invention, the structural representation of sliding machine connection;
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the spray boom of the present invention;
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the automatic clearing apparatuss of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order that the technological means realized of the present invention, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect are easy to understand, below it is right The present invention is expanded on further.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 22, a kind of automatic showering system of lost foam casting, including control system, showering-recovery-clear System, clamping device 8, pallet apparatus 10 and driving 9 are washed, the showering-recovery-purging system is by automatic clearing apparatuss 5, recovery Device 6, flusher 7 pass through pipeline and it is integrated with reversal valve form, the automatic clearing apparatuss 5, retracting device 6, sprinkling dress Put 7, clamping device 8, driving 9 to be connected with control system by cable, the showering-recovery-purging system is distributed in driving 9 Carriage direction on, the clamping device 8 is connected in driving 9 by wirerope, the pallet apparatus 10 and 8 phase of clamping device Even, the retracting device 6, flusher 7 constitute coater.The control to whole system is realized using control system, to fill Divide and realize automatization, instead of traditional artificial manual operations, greatly improve efficiency, save the input of human cost, And the quality of showering is ensure that, during work, drive showering-recoverys-purging system, clamping device 8, pallet to fill using control system Put 10 and the 9 i.e. alternative artificial operation of work of driving, be capable of achieving to be automatically positioned, showering, rotation, the work(of coating recovery and self-cleaning Energy.
The control system includes realizing the HMI device 1, PLC2 of man-machine information interaction, the sensor for completing to position 3rd, executor 4, the PLC2 are connected by signal cable with HMI device 1, sensor 3, executor 4 respectively, the showering-return Receipts-purging system, clamping device 8, driving 9 are connected with the PLC2 by cable.
The PLC2 is provided with an electrical connector with 4 junction of the executor, and the HMI device 1 is dynamic with the control No. two electrical connectors are provided between the PLC2 of work, electrical fitting between the sensor 3 and the PLC2, is plugged with, described one Number electrical connector, No. two electrical connectors and electrical fitting are signal cable.Evaporative pattern to be processed is placed on into pallet dress Put on 10, operation is manually clamped to which, after completing to clamp and fix, PLC2 controls driving 9 by 8 handling of clamping device to support The particular location that disk device 10 is located, now sensor 3 detect signal, and signal is fed back to into PLC2, and by PLC2 and reality The HMI device 1 of existing man-machine information interaction enters the exchange of row information, and executor 4 can then drive clamping device 8 to work, and complete to dress The real time position detection and amendment in real time of clip process, to ensure to be accurately positioned.
It is attached with pipeline and valve between the automatic clearing apparatuss 5, retracting device 6 and flusher 7.
The clamping device 8 includes cantilever 8-1, promotes clamping device 8-2, turning device 8-3, and the cantilever 8-1 is work Word steel or H steel constructions and the cantilever 8-1 are gate-type, and the promotion clamping device 8-2 and turning device 8-3 is positioned at cantilever 8-1 Side-lower, above the turning device 8-3, the promotion clamping device 8-2 and upset are filled the promotion clamping device 8-2 Putting 8-3 has two sets, and described two sets promote clamping device 8-2 and two sets of turning device 8-3 symmetrically to divide in cantilever 8-1 both sides respectively Cloth.Using cooperating for clamping device 8-2 and turning device 8-3 is promoted, so as to promote clamping device 8-2 by pallet apparatus 10 positioning, clamp after, using turning device 8-3 can synchronous make promotion clamping device 8-2, pallet apparatus 10 overturn, after being Continuous showering is prepared.
The promotion clamping device 8-2 includes I 8-4 of motor, the 8-5 that splashes, II 8-6 of motor, outer-hexagonal 8-7, motor III Installing plate 8-8, III axle connecting plate 8-9 of motor, push rod 8-13, III 8-14 of motor, little gear 8-15, gear wheel 8-16, push pedal 8- 17th, spring 8-18, I axle connecting plate 8-19 of motor, I 8-20 of bearing block, I 8-21 of bearing, I 8-22 of shaft coupling, II 8-24 of bearing block, I 8-25 of connecting shaft, hinge 8-26, flange 8-27, II 8-28 of shaft coupling, II 8-29 of connecting shaft, II 8-30 of bearing, slide plate 8-33, III installing plate 8-8 of the motor is fixed on cantilever 8-1 sides, and III 8-14 of the motor is fixed on III installing plate 8-8 of motor, institute The output shaft for stating III 8-14 of motor is connected by I 8-22 of shaft coupling with I 8-25 of connecting shaft, is provided with I 8-25 of the connecting shaft I 8-21 of bearing, I 8-21 of the bearing and I 8-22 of shaft coupling are rotated with I 8-20 of bearing block in I 8-20 of bearing block and are connected, institute State I 8-20 of bearing block affixed with III installing plate 8-8 of motor, I 8-25 of the connecting shaft is affixed with III axle connecting plate 8-9 of motor, institute State I 8-4 of motor to be located above the 8-5 that splashes, I 8-4 of the motor is affixed with cantilever 8-1, and the output shaft of I 8-4 of motor passes through II 8-28 of shaft coupling is connected with II 8-29 of connecting shaft, II 8-30 of fixing bearing, the shaft coupling II on II 8-29 of the connecting shaft 8-28, II 8-30 of bearing are rotated with II 8-24 of bearing block and are connected, and II 8-29 of the connecting shaft and I axle connecting plate 8-19 of motor is solid Connect, the push pedal 8-17 is affixed with cantilever 8-1 by hinge 8-26, and the push pedal 8-17 and slide plate 8-33 is slidably connected, described Slide plate 8-33 is rotated with push rod 8-13 and is connected, and the push rod 8-13 passes through cantilever 8-1 and the push rod 8-13 other ends are solid with the 8-5 that splashes Connect, on push rod 8-13, the 8-5 that splashes is axially affixed with outer-hexagonal 8-7 for the spring 8-18 empty sets, it is described splash 8-5 with II 8-6 of motor is affixed by flange 8-27, and little gear 8-15 is affixed with the output shaft of II 8-6 of motor, the gear wheel 8- 16 is affixed with outer-hexagonal 8-7, and the gear wheel 8-16 is engaged with little gear 8-15, and the pallet apparatus 10 are provided with and outer-hexagonal The hexagon ring 10a that 8-7 is engaged.In order to realize the axial feed of outer-hexagonal 8-7, start III 8-14 of motor, III axle of motor Connecting plate 8-9 is rotated, and then promotes push pedal using III axle connecting plate 8-9 of motor, push pedal 8-17 is rotated around hinge 8-26, this Sample slide plate 8-33 slides in push pedal 8-17, and promotion splashes 8-5 away from cantilever 8-1, and such outer-hexagonal 8-7 can be plugged into support On the hexagon ring 10a of disk device 10, the clamping to pallet apparatus 10 is realized;Hereafter, using I 8-4 drive connections axle of motor, II 8- 29 rotate, so as to synchronous I axle connecting plate 8-19 of drive motor is turned round, so as to be engaged with push pedal 8-17, by push pedal 8-17 Block, anti-thrust plate 8-17 resets under the elastic restoring force effect of spring 8-18.
The turning device 8-3 includes motor reducer 8-10, main spindle coupling 8-11, main shaft 8-12, III 8- of bearing 31st, main shaft support seat 8-32, main shaft key 8-23, the promotion clamping device 8-2 and turning device 8-3 is by promoting clamping device Outer-hexagonal 8-7 on 8-2 is connected with the main shaft 8-12 on turning device 8-3, and the motor reducer 8-10 is horizontal installed in outstanding On arm 8-1, the motor reducer 8-10 is connected with main shaft 8-12 by main spindle coupling 8-11, and the main shaft 8-12 passes through axle Hold III 8-31 and rotate with main shaft support seat 8-32 and be connected, the quantity of III 8-31 of the bearing is two, III 8- of described two bearings 31 outer ring with main shaft support seat 8-32 close-fittings, III 8-31 inner rings of described two bearings with main shaft 8-12 close-fittings, the master Axle support base 8-32 is fixed on cantilever 8-1, and the main shaft key 8-23 is affixed with main shaft 8-12.When needing to realize outer-hexagonal 8-7 During upset, need to only start motor reducer 8-10, drive shaft 8-12 is rotated, and then the rotation for making outer-hexagonal 8-7 synchronous.
The outer-hexagonal 8-7 has axially and radially guidance quality, and outer-hexagonal 8-7 outer surfaces are provided with cone angle, and cone angle is less than 5 Degree, the outer-hexagonal 8-7 are provided with the dowel hole coordinated with the main shaft key 8-23 on main shaft 8-12, in addition, in order to prevent outer six The seamed edge at angle is not corresponding with the hexagon ring 10a on pallet apparatus 10, and the keyway hole width on special envoy outer-hexagonal 8-7 is more than main shaft 8- The width of the main shaft key 8-23 on 12.
The coater includes paint feeding device 7-1, feed pipe 7-2, automatic showering joint 7-3, automatic showering Room 7-4, artificial showering room 7-5, spray gun 7-6, showering pond 7-7, feed back pipeline 7-8 and automatic coating device 7-9, the automatic pouring In automatic showering room 7-4, in artificial showering room 7-5, the coating is supplied the spray gun 7-6 coating device 7-9 Device 7-1 is connected with automatic showering joint 7-3, spray gun 7-6 by feed pipe 7-2, the automatic showering joint 7-3 with it is automatic Coating device 7-9 is connected, and the showering pond 7-7 is corresponded to respectively installed in the bottom of artificial showering room 7-5 and automatic showering room 7-4 Portion, the quantity of the automatic coating device 7-9 is two sets, and two sets of automatic coating device 7-9 are corresponded to respectively and are placed in pouring automatically The left and right sides of room 7-4 is applied, the paint feeding device 7-1 is connected with showering pond 7-7 by feed back pipeline 7-8.Coater The automatic showering of achievable dialogue die worker part, instead of traditional manual showering using automatization, improves the efficiency of showering;Profit Used cooperatively with automatic showering room 7-4, artificial showering room 7-5, be effectively prevented white die worker's part and leakage showering phenomenon occur, with Ensure the quality of product;Improve the work situation of workman, it is ensured that the physical and mental health of workman.
The showering pond 7-7 is the trapezoidal guide face structure of two-layer, and showering cell cavity body 7-7-2 is arranged at the showering pond 7-7 bottoms, The showering pond 7-7 bottoms have for reclaiming the flange arrangement 7-7-1 of coating.
The paint feeding device 7-1 include paint can 7-1-1, feeding membrane pump 7-1-2, feed back membrane pump 7-1-3 and Feed back tank 7-1-4, the paint can 7-1-1, feeding membrane pump 7-1-2 pass through feed pipe 7-2 and automatic coating device 7- 9th, spray gun 7-6 connections, pass through feed pipe between the feeding membrane pump 7-1-2 and showering pond 7-7 flange in the bottom structures 7-7-1 7-2 connects, and is connected by feed back pipeline 7-8 between the feed back membrane pump 7-1-3 and feed back tank 7-1-4.Feeding membrane pump 7- Coating in paint can 7-1-1 is respectively delivered in automatic showering joint 7-3, spray gun 7-6 by 1-2 by feed pipe 7-2, is applied To after white mould surface of the work, remaining coating is flowed respectively in two showering pond 7-7, then by feed back pipeline 7-8 for material showering It is transported in feed back tank 7-1-4 through feed back membrane pump 7-1-3, is connected using paint can 7-1-1, feed back tank 7-1-4, realizes Recycling for coating, it is to avoid waste, has saved the cost of showering.
The automatic showering room 7-4 and artificial showering room 7-5 is steel framework structure, to ensure overall fastness, and Periphery is sealed using steel plate.
The automatic coating device 7-9 include framework 7-9-1, vehicle guide 7-9-2, active duplex chain wheel device 7-9-3, Double strand chain 7-9-4, connecting rod 7-9-5, sliding machine 7-9-6, spray boom 7-9-7, driven duplex chain wheel device 7-9-8 and tensioning wheel Device 7-9-9, the vehicle guide 7-9-2 are horizontally arranged at framework 7-9-1 tops, and the sliding machine 7-9-6 is led with dolly It is slidably matched between rail 7-9-2, the spray boom 7-9-7 is arranged on sliding machine 7-9-6 tops, the active duplex chain wheel device 7- 9-3, driven duplex chain wheel device 7-9-8, tensioner apparatus 7-9-9, double strand chain 7-9-4 are arranged on framework 7-9-1 bottoms, and institute State and moved with transmitting Power, the tensioner apparatus 7-9-9 are engaged with the bottom of double strand chain 7-9-4, and the upper end of connecting rod 7-9-5 is little with slip Car 7-9-6 connects, and the lower end of connecting rod 7-9-5 is connected with double strand chain 7-9-4.By active duplex chain wheel device 7-9-3 With the cooperation between driven duplex chain wheel device 7-9-8, so as to provide driving force for sliding machine 7-9-6 so that sliding machine 7-9-6 moves reciprocatingly under the guiding of vehicle guide 7-9-2, so as to synchronous drive spray boom 7-9-7 moves reciprocatingly, with reality Now reciprocal showering, it is ensured that the quality of showering.
The driven duplex chain wheel device 7-9-8 includes driven duplex chain wheel 7-9-81, tightening nut 7-9-82, driven pulley Main shaft 7-9-83, lifting bolt 7-9-84, spring 7-9-85, long threaded rod 7-9-86, pre-tightening mechanism pedestal 7-9-87, stop nut 7-9-88 and driven pulley casing 7-9-89, the driven pulley casing 7-9-89 are arranged on framework 7-9-1, the driven pulley main shaft 7-9-83 is connected by bearing with the top of driven pulley casing 7-9-89, the driven duplex chain wheel 7-9-81 and driven pulley main shaft 7-9-83 passes through bonded, and the driven duplex chain wheel 7-9-81 is engaged with double strand chain 7-9-4, the tightening nut 7-9-82 Screw thread coordinates with the axial dimension of the driven duplex chain wheel 7-9-81 of fixation, the lifting bolt 7- between driven pulley main shaft 7-9-83 9-84, spring 7-9-85, long threaded rod 7-9-86, pre-tightening mechanism pedestal 7-9-87 and stop nut 7-9-88 constitute pre-tightening mechanism, The pre-tightening mechanism is placed on the right side of driven pulley casing 7-9-89, the long threaded rod 7-9-86 screw thread cooperation by way of realize from Connection between driving wheel casing 7-9-89 and pre-tightening mechanism pedestal 7-9-87, the stop nut 7-9-88 are placed in pre-tightening mechanism base On the right side of seat 7-9-87, and screw thread coordinates between the stop nut 7-9-88 and long threaded rod 7-9-86, the lifting bolt 7-9-84 Quantity be two, described two lifting bolt 7-9-84 respectively correspond to driven pulley casing 7-9-89, pre-tightening mechanism pedestal 7- 9-87 screw threads coordinate, and are connected by spring 7-9-85 between described two lifting bolt 7-9-84.
The active duplex chain wheel device 7-9-3 includes electric machine support 7-9-31, active duplex chain wheel 7-9-32, slow down electricity Machine 7-9-33 and rosette 7-9-34, the electric machine support 7-9-31 are arranged on framework 7-9-1, the reducing motor 7-9-33 On electric machine support 7-9-31, the active duplex chain wheel 7-9-32 is fixed on the output shaft of reducing motor 7-9-33, Rosette 7-9-34 is installed in the top of reducing motor 7-9-33, the active duplex chain wheel 7-9-32 and double strand chain 7-9- 4 are engaged.During use, by screwing long threaded rod 7-9-86, change pre-tightening mechanism pedestal 7-9-87, driven pulley casing 7-9-89 it Between spacing, be finally reached the spacing adjusted between driven duplex chain wheel 7-9-81, active duplex chain wheel device 7-9-3, realize The tensioning of double strand chain 7-9-4, to ensure performance;Meanwhile, using the elastic restoring force of spring 7-9-85, driven roller box can be made Body 7-9-89 is realized pretension by the power away from active duplex chain wheel 7-9-32.
The tensioner apparatus 7-9-9 includes that stud 7-9-91 under tensioning wheel, tensioning wheel elastic device 7-9-92, tensioning wheel connect Bolt 7-9-94, tightener sprocket 7-9-95 and tensioning wheel installing rack 7-9-96 on extension bar 7-9-93, tensioning wheel, the tensioning wheel peace Shelve 7-9-96 to be fixed on framework 7-9-1, the tensioning wheel elastic device 7-9-92, tensioning wheel connecting rod 7-9-93 are by tensioning The lower stud 7-9-91 of wheel is fixed on tensioning wheel installing rack 7-9-96, and the tightener sprocket 7-9-95 is by bolt 7- on tensioning wheel 9-94 is fixed on the upper end of tensioning wheel connecting rod 7-9-93, and the tightener sprocket 7-9-95 is engaged with double strand chain 7-9-4.
The sliding machine 7-9-6 includes wheel 7-9-61, head 7-9-62, head installing plate 7-9-63 and flange 7-9- 64, the wheel 7-9-61 is symmetrically mounted on the lower surface of head 7-9-62, and the wheel 7-9-61 is corresponded to and vehicle guide 7-9-2 is engaged, and on head 7-9-62, the flange 7-9-64 is arranged on head 7- to the head installing plate 7-9-63 In the middle part of the lower end of 9-62, the flange 7-9-64 is connected with the upper end of connecting rod 7-9-5.
The spray boom 7-9-7 includes securing member 7-9-71, spray boom pipeline 7-9-72, tee T 7-9-73, flat shower nozzle 7- 9-74 and two pass joint 7-9-75, one end of the spray boom pipeline 7-9-72 is fixed on head installing plate by securing member 7-9-71 On 7-9-63, the tee T 7-9-73 is distributed at equal intervals along the axis direction of spray boom pipeline 7-9-72, the tee T It is connected by way of screw thread cooperation between 7-9-73 and spray boom pipeline 7-9-72, the two pass joints 7-9-75 is matched somebody with somebody by screw thread The mode of conjunction is fixed on the other end of spray boom pipeline 7-9-72, and the flat shower nozzle 7-9-74 correspondences are installed in tee T 7-9- 73rd, the lower end of two pass joint 7-9-75.Head 7-9-62 can drive spray boom 7-9-7 to horizontally rotate, to enter in white die worker's part Automatically during the 7-4 of showering room, it is to avoid collide with white die worker's part, it is ensured that enter being smoothed out for part;Automatically showering joint 7-3 and spray After the spray boom pipeline 7-9-72 of bar 7-9-7 connects, you can carry out showering process.
The automatic clearing apparatuss 5 include No. one two three that No. two filter 5-13 and paint can 7-1-1 are sequentially connected in series Logical reversal valve 5-2, filter 5-3, membrane pump 5-4, check valve 5-5, overflow valve 5-6, diverter 5-7, it is connected to Shower nozzle 5-8 on diverter 5-7, No. two filter 5-13 are arranged on feed back pipeline 7-8, No. two filter 5-13 The other end be connected with No. two two position three way directional control valve 5-14, and No. two filter 5-13 are connected to No. two two-position three ways and change To the right positions of valve 5-14, the left position of No. two two position three way directional control valve 5-14 is connected with water tank 5-12, the water tank 5-12 and No. one The left position of two position three way directional control valve 5-2 is connected, and the left position of No. two two position three way directional control valve 5-14 is also associated with No. two membrane pumps 5-11, No. two membrane pump 5-11 are connected with No. three two position three way directional control valve 5-1, and No. two membrane pump 5-11 are connected to No. three The right position of two position three way directional control valve 5-1, the left position of No. three two position three way directional control valve 5-1 are connected with paint can 7-1-1, described Paint can 7-1-1 is connected with the right position of two position three way directional control valve 5-2, the right position connection of No. three two position three way directional control valve 5-1 There is Water Sproading case 5-9.Automatic clearing apparatuss 5 are capable of achieving the automatic cleaning to loop, it is not necessary to add extra device, reduce Cleaning cost, realizing prevents that coating is hardened to cause pipeline blockage, improves the purpose in equipment using effect and life-span.
The shower nozzle 5-8 has four, is equipped with gate valve 5-10 between the two of which shower nozzle 5-8 and diverter 5-7.
One pressure gauge 5-11 is installed in the middle of the overflow valve 5-6 and check valve 5-5.
Automatically, after the completion of showering, being transported to the evaporative pattern after showering by driving 9 carries out inspection in artificial showering room 7-5 and repaiies Mend work.After the completion of repairing, that is, complete the automatic showering work of evaporative pattern.
Specifically used process is as follows:Clamping device 8 is controlled using control system to position evaporative pattern to be processed, press from both sides Tightly, i.e., under the control of PLC2, start II 8-6 of motor, drive little gear 8-15, gear wheel 8-16 is low-angle rotates back and forth, So that outer-hexagonal 8-7 is constantly rotated back and forth around main shaft 8-12 is low-angle, while opening II 8-6 of motor, III 8- of motor is opened 14, III axle connecting plate 8-9 of drive motor rotate, so as to promote push pedal 8-17, push rod 8-13, the 8-5 that splashes, outer-hexagonal 8-7 movements, Until III axle connecting plate 8-9 of motor is vertical with push pedal 8-17 and contact, now III 8-14 lockings of motor, outer-hexagonal 8-7 and pallet Hexagon ring 10a on device 10 is fully mated, and such pallet apparatus 10 are i.e. by the outer-hexagonal 8-7 clamping and positionings of both sides, motor II 8-6 stops, and opens I 8-4 of motor, and I axle connecting plate 8-19 of motor rotates and block push pedal 8-17, so that outer-hexagonal 8-7 Position is fixed;
After pallet apparatus 10 are clamped, under the control of PLC2, start driving 9 and clamping device 8 is lifted into into automatic showering In the 7-4 of room, position signalling is sent to PLC2 for confirming to transport whether in place by sensor 3, all of above process passes through HMI Equipment 1 is operated and is monitored.After completing allocation and transportation, motor reducer 8-10 starts working, and is driven by main spindle coupling 8-11 Main shaft 8-12 rotates, that is, pallet apparatus 10 are synchronous to be overturn to drive outer-hexagonal 8-7 to make, and is easy to showering;
Hereafter prepare showering, it is in 90 ° of angles that control head 7-9-62 makes spray boom 7-9-7 and vehicle guide 7-9-2;Start and drench Painting-recovery-purging system, coating through feeding membrane pump 7-1-2 into spray boom 7-9-7 spray boom pipeline 7-9-72 in, and by Flat flat shower nozzle 7-9-74 sprays, to drive spray boom 7-9-7 at the uniform velocity reciprocating Motion, make the uniform showering of coating in white mould surface of the work, while showering, pallet apparatus 11 keep rotary motion;When After PLC2 sends sprayed instruction, flusher 7, clamping device 8 are stopped operation, and then driving 9 is by 8 He of clamping device The evaporative pattern that pallet apparatus 11 and showering are finished is hoisted to artificial showering room 7-5 and is checked and repaired, for showering effect Bad position carries out artificial showering, and the coating during showering is entered in the 7-7 of showering pond, then by feed back membrane pump 7-1-3 It is sent in feed back tank 7-1-4, realizes the recycling of coating;
After the completion of showering, push pedal 8-17, push pedal are unclamped in III axle connecting plate 8-9 of motor and I axle connecting plate 8-19 of motor rotations 8-17 then resets under the elastic restoring force effect of spring 8-18, and pallet apparatus 10 are released.
Need to be cleaned after the completion of one workaday showering work or in the course of work, it is automatic by PLC2 controls Cleaning device 5 is cleaned, i.e., No. one two position three way directional control valve 5-2 and No. two two position three way directional control valve 5-14 are in a left side Position, No. three two position three way directional control valve 5-1 are in right position, and the water flowed out from water tank 5-12 is all the way through No. two two-position three way commutations Valve 5-14, No. two membrane pump 5-11 and No. three two position three way directional control valve 5-1 are flowed in Water Sproading case 5-9, and another road is to loop The part of spray coating is cleaned, and so as to form scavenger circuit, completes the cleaning to whole loop.
Ultimate principle, principal character and the advantages of the present invention of the present invention has been shown and described above.The technology of the industry The simply present invention of the personnel it should be appreciated that the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, described in above-described embodiment and description Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also have various changes and modifications, these change and Improvement is both fallen within claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appending claims and its equivalent circle. It is fixed.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of automatic showering system of lost foam casting, including control system, showering-recovery-purging system, clamping device (8), Pallet apparatus (10) and driving (9), it is characterised in that:Showering-recovery-the purging system is by automatic clearing apparatuss (5), recovery Device (6), flusher (7) are formed by pipeline and reversal valve are integrated, the automatic clearing apparatuss (5), retracting device (6), Flusher (7), clamping device (8), driving (9) are connected with control system by cable, the showering-recovery-cleaning system System is distributed on the carriage direction of driving (9), and the clamping device (8) is connected in driving (9) by wirerope, the pallet dress Put (10) to be connected with clamping device (8), the retracting device (6), flusher (7) constitute coater;
The control system includes realizing the HMI device (1) of man-machine information interaction, PLC (2), the sensor for completing to position (3), executor (4), the PLC (2) are connected by signal cable with HMI device (1), sensor (3), executor (4) respectively, Showering-recovery-the purging system, clamping device (8), driving (9) are connected with the PLC (2) by cable;
The PLC (2) is provided with an electrical connector, the HMI device (1) and the control with the executor (4) junction No. two electrical connectors are provided between the PLC (2) of action, between the sensor (3) and the PLC (2), electrical connection is plugged with Part, an electrical connector, No. two electrical connectors and electrical fitting are signal cable;
The automatic clearing apparatuss (5), it is attached with pipeline and valve between retracting device (6) and flusher (7);
The clamping device (8) includes cantilever (8-1), promotion clamping device (8-2), turning device (8-3), the cantilever (8- 1) for I-steel or H steel constructions and the cantilever (8-1) is gate-type, the promotion clamping device (8-2) and turning device (8-3) Positioned at cantilever (8-1) side-lower, the promotion clamping device (8-2) is above the turning device (8-3), described to promote folder Tight device (8-2) and turning device (8-3) have two sets, and described two sets promote clamping device (8-2) and two sets of turning device (8- 3) it is symmetrical in cantilever (8-1) both sides respectively;
It is described promotion clamping device (8-2) include motor I (8-4), splash (8-5), motor II (8-6), outer-hexagonal (8-7), It is III installing plate of motor (8-8), III axle connecting plate (8-9) of motor, push rod (8-13), motor III (8-14), little gear (8-15), big Gear (8-16), push pedal (8-17), spring (8-18), I axle connecting plate (8-19) of motor, bearing block I (8-20), I (8- of bearing 21), shaft coupling I (8-22), bearing block II (8-24), connecting shaft I (8-25), hinge (8-26), flange (8-27), shaft coupling II (8-28), connecting shaft II (8-29), bearing II (8-30), slide plate (8-33), III installing plate of the motor (8-8) is fixed on outstanding Arm (8-1) side, the motor III (8-14) are fixed on III installing plate of motor (8-8), the output of the motor III (8-14) Axle is connected by shaft coupling I (8-22) with connecting shaft I (8-25), and bearing I (8-21) is provided with the connecting shaft I (8-25), The bearing I (8-21) and shaft coupling I (8-22) are all rotated with bearing block I (8-20) in bearing block I (8-20) and are connected, described Bearing block I (8-20) is affixed with III installing plate of motor (8-8), and the connecting shaft I (8-25) is solid with III axle connecting plate (8-9) of motor Connect, positioned at splashing above (8-5), the motor I (8-4) is affixed with cantilever (8-1), I (8- of the motor for the motor I (8-4) 4) output shaft is connected with connecting shaft II (8-29) by shaft coupling II (8-28), fixing bearing in the connecting shaft II (8-29) II (8-30), the shaft coupling II (8-28), bearing II (8-30) are rotated with bearing block II (8-24) and are connected, the connecting shaft II (8-29) affixed with I axle connecting plate (8-19) of motor, the push pedal (8-17) is affixed with cantilever (8-1) by hinge (8-26), The push pedal (8-17) is slidably connected with slide plate (8-33), and the slide plate (8-33) is rotated with push rod (8-13) and is connected, described to push away Bar (8-13) through cantilever (8-1) and push rod (8-13) other end with splash that (8-5) is affixed, spring (8-18) empty set is being pushed away On bar (8-13), splash (8-5) is axially affixed with outer-hexagonal (8-7), and splash (8-5) is passed through with motor II (8-6) Flange (8-27) is affixed, and the little gear (8-15) is affixed with the output shaft of motor II (8-6), the gear wheel (8-16) with it is outer Hexagonal (8-7) is affixed, and the gear wheel (8-16) is engaged with little gear (8-15), and the pallet apparatus (10) are provided with and outer six The hexagon ring (10a) that angle (8-7) is engaged;
The turning device (8-3) includes motor reducer (8-10), main spindle coupling (8-11), main shaft (8-12), bearing III (8-31), main shaft support seat (8-32), main shaft key (8-23), promotion clamping device (8-2) and turning device (8-3) lead to The outer-hexagonal (8-7) crossed on promotion clamping device (8-2) is connected with the main shaft (8-12) on turning device (8-3), the motor Reductor (8-10) is horizontal on cantilever (8-1), the motor reducer (8-10) by main spindle coupling (8-11) with Main shaft (8-12) is connected, and the main shaft (8-12) is rotated with main shaft support seat (8-32) by bearing III (8-31) and is connected, described The quantity of bearing III (8-31) is two, the outer ring of described two bearings III (8-31) with main shaft support seat (8-32) close-fitting, Described two bearings III (8-31) inner ring with main shaft (8-12) close-fitting, the main shaft support seat (8-32) is fixed on cantilever (8- 1), on, the main shaft key (8-23) is affixed with main shaft (8-12);
With axially and radially guidance quality, outer-hexagonal (8-7) outer surface is provided with cone angle to the outer-hexagonal (8-7), and cone angle is less than 5 Degree, the outer-hexagonal (8-7) are provided with the dowel hole coordinated with the main shaft key (8-23) on main shaft (8-12), and outer-hexagonal (8- 7) width of the keyway hole width on more than the main shaft key (8-23) on main shaft (8-12).
2. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The coater bag Include paint feeding device (7-1), feed pipe (7-2), automatic showering joint (7-3), automatic showering room (7-4), artificial showering Room (7-5), spray gun (7-6), showering pond (7-7), feed back pipeline (7-8) and automatic coating device (7-9), the automatic showering dress (7-9) is put in automatic showering room (7-4), the spray gun (7-6) is interior installed in artificial showering room (7-5), the coating Feedway (7-1) is connected with automatic showering joint (7-3), spray gun (7-6) by feed pipe (7-2), the automatic showering Joint (7-3) is connected with automatic coating device (7-9), and the showering pond (7-7) is corresponded to respectively installed in artificial showering room (7-5) With the bottom of automatic showering room (7-4), the quantity of the automatic coating device (7-9) is two sets, two sets of automatic showering dresses Put (7-9) and correspond to the left and right sides for being placed in automatic showering room (7-4) respectively, the paint feeding device (7-1) is by feed back pipe Road (7-8) is connected with showering pond (7-7).
3. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Showering pond (the 7- 7) it is the trapezoidal guide face structure of two-layer, showering cell cavity body (7-7-2), the showering pond (7-7) are arranged at showering pond (7-7) bottom Bottom has for reclaiming the flange arrangement (7-7-1) of coating.
4. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The coating supply dress (7-1) is put including paint can (7-1-1), feeding membrane pump (7-1-2), feed back membrane pump (7-1-3) and feed back tank (7-1-4), The paint can (7-1-1), feeding membrane pump (7-1-2) are by feed pipe (7-2) and automatic coating device (7-9), spray Rifle (7-6) connects, and passes through feed pipe (7- between the feeding membrane pump and showering pond (7-7) flange in the bottom structure (7-7-1) 2) connect, be connected by feed back pipeline (7-8) between the feed back membrane pump (7-1-3) and feed back tank (7-1-4).
5. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The automatic showering room (7-4) steel framework structure is with artificial showering room (7-5), and periphery is sealed using steel plate.
6. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The automatic showering dress (7-9) is put including framework (7-9-1), vehicle guide (7-9-2), active duplex chain wheel device (7-9-3), double strand chain (7-9- 4), connecting rod (7-9-5), sliding machine (7-9-6), spray boom (7-9-7), driven duplex chain wheel device (7-9-8) and tensioning wheel Device (7-9-9), the vehicle guide (7-9-2) are horizontally arranged at framework (7-9-1) top, the sliding machine (7-9-6) It is slidably matched between vehicle guide (7-9-2), the spray boom (7-9-7) is installed in sliding machine (7-9-6) top, the active Duplex chain wheel device (7-9-3), driven duplex chain wheel device (7-9-8), tensioner apparatus (7-9-9), double strand chain (7-9-4) peace Be mounted in framework (7-9-1) bottom, and the active duplex chain wheel device (7-9-3) and driven duplex chain wheel device (7-9-8) it Between be connected transmit power by double strand chain (7-9-4), the bottom of the tensioner apparatus (7-9-9) and double strand chain (7-9-4) Be engaged, the upper end of the connecting rod (7-9-5) is connected with sliding machine (7-9-6), the lower end of the connecting rod (7-9-5) with Double strand chain (7-9-4) connects.
7. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The driven double strand chain Wheel apparatus (7-9-8) including driven duplex chain wheel (7-9-81), tightening nut (7-9-82), driven pulley main shaft (7-9-83), hang Collar bolt (7-9-84), spring (7-9-85), long threaded rod (7-9-86), pre-tightening mechanism pedestal (7-9-87), stop nut (7-9- 88) and driven pulley casing (7-9-89), the driven pulley casing (7-9-89) is on framework (7-9-1), the driven pulley Main shaft (7-9-83) is connected by bearing with the top of driven pulley casing (7-9-89), the driven duplex chain wheel (7-9-81) with By bonded, the driven duplex chain wheel (7-9-81) is engaged driven pulley main shaft (7-9-83) with double strand chain (7-9-4), institute State screw thread between tightening nut (7-9-82) and driven pulley main shaft (7-9-83) to coordinate with the driven duplex chain wheel (7-9-81) of fixation Axial dimension, the lifting bolt (7-9-84), spring (7-9-85), long threaded rod (7-9-86), pre-tightening mechanism pedestal (7-9- 87) pre-tightening mechanism is constituted with stop nut (7-9-88), the pre-tightening mechanism is placed on the right side of driven pulley casing (7-9-89), described Long threaded rod (7-9-86) realizes driven pulley casing (7-9-89) and pre-tightening mechanism pedestal (7-9-87) by way of screw thread cooperation Between connection, the stop nut (7-9-88) is placed on the right side of pre-tightening mechanism pedestal (7-9-87), and the stop nut (7- 9-88) screw thread coordinates and between long threaded rod (7-9-86), and the quantity of the lifting bolt (7-9-84) is two, described two suspension ring Bolt (7-9-84) is corresponded to respectively and is coordinated with driven pulley casing (7-9-89), pre-tightening mechanism pedestal (7-9-87) screw thread, and described two Connected by spring (7-9-85) between individual lifting bolt (7-9-84).
8. the automatic showering system of a kind of lost foam casting according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The active double strand chain Wheel apparatus (7-9-3) are including electric machine support (7-9-31), active duplex chain wheel (7-9-32), reducing motor (7-9-33) and connect Line box (7-9-34), the electric machine support (7-9-31) on framework (7-9-1), install by the reducing motor (7-9-33) On electric machine support (7-9-31), the active duplex chain wheel (7-9-32) is fixed on the output shaft of reducing motor (7-9-33) On, the rosette (7-9-34) installed in the top of reducing motor (7-9-33), the active duplex chain wheel (7-9-32) with Double strand chain (7-9-4) is engaged.
CN201510065036.2A 2015-02-07 2015-02-07 Automatic curtain-coating system for lost foam casting Active CN104588250B (en)

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CN105665214B (en) * 2016-04-05 2018-01-16 广东顺德迪峰机械有限公司 The control method of fully-automatic coating equipment control system
CN105887109A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-24 大冶市宏泰铝业有限责任公司 Vertical type spraying line pretreatment device

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CN101966499A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-02-09 东莞百进五金塑料有限公司 Apparatus integrating surface vacuum spraying of workpiece, paint solidifying and waste paint and solvent recycling, and process thereof
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