CN104566711A - Photovoltaic-drive evaporation cooling air conditioner system integrating recycling of rain water - Google Patents

Photovoltaic-drive evaporation cooling air conditioner system integrating recycling of rain water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104566711A
CN104566711A CN201410798571.4A CN201410798571A CN104566711A CN 104566711 A CN104566711 A CN 104566711A CN 201410798571 A CN201410798571 A CN 201410798571A CN 104566711 A CN104566711 A CN 104566711A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
photovoltaic
conditioning
cooling air
evaporative cooling
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Granted
Application number
CN201410798571.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104566711B (en
Inventor
黄翔
申长军
韩正林
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN201410798571.4A priority Critical patent/CN104566711B/en
Publication of CN104566711A publication Critical patent/CN104566711A/en
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Publication of CN104566711B publication Critical patent/CN104566711B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/02Ducting arrangements
    • F24F13/06Outlets for directing or distributing air into rooms or spaces, e.g. ceiling air diffuser
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • F24F2005/0064Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy
    • F24F2005/0067Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground using solar energy with photovoltaic panels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic-drive evaporation cooling air conditioner system integrating recycling of rain water. The photovoltaic-drive evaporation cooling air conditioner system comprises a combined type evaporation cooling air conditioner, wherein the combined type evaporation cooling air conditioner is respectively connected with a rain water recycling use system and a photovoltaic power generation system. According to the photovoltaic-drive evaporation cooling air conditioner system integrating the recycling of the rain water, the solar energy and rain water can be adequately utilized, the water and electricity can be effectively saved, and a good refrigerating effect can be achieved.

Description

The photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined is utilized with rainwater recycle
Technical field
The invention belongs to apparatus of air conditioning technical field, be specifically related to a kind ofly utilize with rainwater recycle the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined.
Background technology
Traditional air conditioner, as the major part of building energy consumption, is a problem that can not look down upon in today that energy problem becomes increasingly conspicuous.
What the cold-producing medium in traditional air conditioner adopted is freon, comparatively large to depletion of the ozone layer, easy contaminated environment; In order to improve this situation, nowadays a lot of air-conditioning all adopts water as cooling medium, although can alleviate atmosphere pollution to a certain extent, air conditioner refrigerating needs to consume a large amount of water resources, and water consumption is obviously increased.Also there is lack of water phenomenon in many places of China, therefore in today of energy problem, environmental problem and problem of water consumption contradiction, we not only will establish water saving, economize on electricity, environmental consciousness, will be also our productive life service at the renewable and clean energy resource such as solar energy, dry air energy that some the local the Northwest as China utilizations are local.
Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning, as a kind of environment protection energy-saving air conditioner, is applicable in areas such as the northwests of China using, can utilizes local abundant solar energy resources very much, driven by photovoltaic power generation technology, to be more energy-conservation, if recycling rainwater recycle, just can environmental protection more, economize on electricity and water saving.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly utilize with rainwater recycle the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined, make full use of solar energy and rainwater, while effective water saving and economize on electricity, good refrigeration can be reached.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is, the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined is utilized with rainwater recycle, include combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning, combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system and photovoltaic generating system respectively.
Feature of the present invention is also,
Combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning, includes air-conditioner housing, is provided with heat exchange core body in air-conditioner housing, and the top of heat exchange core body is disposed with water fender and water-distributing device, and the top of water fender has been arranged side by side direct current exhaust blower, direct current pressure fan; Water-distributing device is made up of shower and the nozzle that is evenly arranged at multiple downward spray on shower, and shower is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system; Air-conditioner housing one sidewall that heat exchange core body is corresponding is provided with air inlet; The air-conditioner housing sidewall that direct current exhaust blower is corresponding is provided with air outlet, and air outlet is connected with and stretches into indoor ajutage; Air-conditioner housing roof corresponding above direct current pressure fan is provided with exhaust outlet, and exhaust outlet is connected with Secondary Air airduct.
Rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system, includes the water tank be connected with skin and the water leg being arranged at top of building; The top of water tank is provided with water inlet, and in water tank, water inlet is provided with screen pack, shower stretches in water tank by feed pipe; Feed pipe is respectively arranged with water treatment facilities and DC water pump; Water leg is surrounded by the baffle plate being arranged at top of building edge, and one jiao of water leg is connected with horn mouth, and horn mouth is stretched in water tank by rain pipe.
Air inlet and air outlet are arranged on relative two housings wall respectively.
Airstrainer is provided with in air inlet.
Nozzle is connected with electrically-controlled valve.
Heat exchange core body is formed by be arranged in parallel up and down earthenware group and heat pipe heat; Earthenware group is made up of many horizontally disposed earthenwares, by the tail end plugs of the every root earthenware of air-flow direction; Heat pipe heat is made up of many horizontally disposed heat pipes, and every root heat pipe is made up of condensation end of heat pipe and heat pipe evaporation ends, and heat pipe evaporation ends is near air inlet; The surface of heat exchange core body is diagonally disposed with row's aperture from bottom to top along air-flow direction.
Stretch into the air port indoor ajutage being evenly provided with multiple downward air-supply.
Air port place is provided with air diffuser.
Photovoltaic generating system, includes photovoltaic panel, and photovoltaic panel is connected with photovoltaic controller and batteries in turn by wire; Batteries is connected with combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning, DC water pump respectively by wire; Secondary Air airduct is arranged at the edge of photovoltaic panel, Secondary Air airduct is provided with multiple jet towards photovoltaic panel.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention adopts DC powered, the power source of whole system generates electricity in solar energy photovoltaic panel, and batteries is set therein as energy storage device, for night, overcast and rainy and solar irradiation is not enough time use.
2., in photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention, the horizontal type structure that heat exchange core body adopts heat pipe heat and earthenware group to combine is arranged, and utilizes the water cooling condensation end of heat pipe of a part air compartment, improves precooling effect.
3. be provided with rainwater treatment recycling system, as the daily water consumption of combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning in photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention.
4. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention, by Secondary Air recycling cooling photovoltaic panel, can realize the cascade utilization of energy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning in photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of photovoltaic generating system in photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System of the present invention.
In figure, 1. combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning, 2. Secondary Air airduct, 3. jet, 4. photovoltaic panel, 5. horn mouth, 6. rain pipe, 7. water tank, 8. screen pack, 9. DC water pump, 10. water treatment facilities, 11. baffle plates, 12. airstrainers, 13. earthenware groups, 14. apertures, 15. condensation end of heat pipes, 16. heat pipe evaporation ends, 17. electrically-controlled valve, 18. nozzles, 19. water fenders, 20. direct current pressure fan, 21. direct current exhaust blowers, 22. exhaust outlets, 23. air outlets, 24. ajutages, 25. air diffusers, 26. photovoltaic controllers, 27. batteries, 28. showers, 29. air inlets, 30. water inlets.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
The present invention and rainwater recycle utilize the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined, its structure as shown in Figure 1, include combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1, combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system, combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 is connected with photovoltaic generating system by wire, and combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 is connected with Secondary Air airduct 2.
Combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, include air-conditioner housing, in air-conditioner housing, be provided with heat exchange core body, the top of heat exchange core body is disposed with water fender 19 and water-distributing device, and the top of water fender 19 has been arranged side by side direct current exhaust blower 21, direct current pressure fan 20; Water-distributing device is made up of shower 28 and the nozzle 18 that is evenly arranged at multiple downward spray on shower 28, and shower 28 is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system; Air-conditioner housing one sidewall that heat exchange core body is corresponding is provided with air inlet 29; The air-conditioner housing sidewall of direct current exhaust blower 21 correspondence is provided with air outlet 23, and air outlet 23 is connected with and stretches into indoor ajutage 24; Air-conditioner housing roof corresponding above direct current pressure fan 20 is provided with exhaust outlet 22, and exhaust outlet 22 is connected with Secondary Air airduct 2.
Air inlet 29 and air outlet 23 are arranged on relative two housings wall respectively.
Airstrainer 12 is provided with in air inlet 29.
Nozzle 18 is connected with electrically-controlled valve 17.
Heat exchange core body is composited by be arranged in parallel up and down earthenware group 13 and heat pipe heat; Earthenware group 13 is made up of many horizontally disposed earthenwares, by the tail end plugs of the every root earthenware of air-flow direction; Heat pipe heat is made up of many horizontally disposed heat pipes, and every root heat pipe is made up of condensation end of heat pipe 15 and heat pipe evaporation ends 16, and heat pipe evaporation ends 16 is near air inlet 29 place; The surface of heat exchange core body is diagonally disposed with row's aperture 14 from bottom to top along air-flow direction.
Stretch into the air port indoor ajutage 24 being evenly provided with multiple downward air-supply; Each air port place is provided with an air diffuser 25.
Rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system, includes the water tank 7 be connected with skin and the water leg being arranged at top of building; The top of water tank 7 is provided with water inlet 30, in water tank 7, water inlet 30 place is provided with screen pack 8, is connected in water tank 7 by feed pipe with shower 28; Feed pipe is respectively arranged with water treatment facilities 10 and DC water pump 9; Water leg is surrounded by the baffle plate 11 being arranged at top of building edge, and one jiao of water leg is connected with horn mouth 5, and for Accumulated Rainwater, horn mouth 5 is connected with water tank 7 by rain pipe 6, and rain pipe 6 is fixed on skin face.
Photovoltaic generating system, as shown in Figures 1 and 3, includes photovoltaic panel 4, and photovoltaic panel 4 is connected with photovoltaic controller 26 and batteries 27 in turn by wire; Batteries 27 is composed in series successively by multiple battery; Batteries 27 is connected with combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1, DC water pump 9 respectively by wire.
Photovoltaic panel 4 is provided with polylith, and photovoltaic panel 4 is arranged at top of building or towards on the side wall of sunlight.Secondary Air airduct 2 is arranged at the edge of photovoltaic panel 4, Secondary Air airduct 2 is provided with multiple jet 3 towards photovoltaic panel 4.
The present invention and rainwater recycle utilize the operation principle of each system in the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined:
Combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1: outside air enters in air-conditioner housing through air inlet 29, is first filtered by airstrainer 12, enters the heat pipe evaporation ends 16 of earthenware group 13 and heat pipe heat after the impurity such as filter out dust simultaneously; Air enters an air compartment and secondary air chamber respectively by the aperture 14 on heat exchange core body; Heat pipe heat utilizes primary air room to spray the cold of lower water to cool condensation end of heat pipe 15, to improve the cooling effect of heat pipe evaporation ends 16; Partial air out becomes Secondary Air through the aperture 14 of heat pipe evaporation ends 16, the water sprayed with nozzle 18 carries out direct evaporating-cooling process in earthenware outside, namely after precooling effect being carried out to the air in earthenware, enter in Secondary Air airduct 2 under the effect of direct current pressure fan 20, be sprayed onto the surface of photovoltaic panel 4 finally by jet 3, lower the temperature; And move on after air precooling in earthenware, out primary air is become equally through aperture 14, at this moment user according to circumstances, the nozzle 18 that electrically-controlled valve 17 controls carries out the adjustment of injection flow rate size, to filter out after water under the effect of direct current exhaust blower 21 finally by water fender 19, deliver to indoor along ajutage 24, make gas dispersion even by air diffuser 25.
Rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system, utilizes the rainwater reclaimed to use after filtering, avoids the problem that air-conditioning water consumption is large, effectively can save water consumption.
Photovoltaic generating system is used for Direct driver combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 and operates, the direct current that photovoltaic panel 4 sends operates through photovoltaic controller 26 treatment and supplied combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 and DC water pump 9 uses, solve electrical problem, the unnecessary electricity of system is stored in battery 27, in order to evening and overcast and rainy use; In addition, adopt Secondary Air to cool photovoltaic panel 4, achieve the cascade utilization of energy.
The present invention and rainwater recycle utilize the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined, and utilize solar energy, dry air energy clean energy resource, operated to lower the temperature to building by photovoltaic generating system Direct driver combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1; Cooled the surface of photovoltaic panel 4 by the Secondary Air utilizing combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning 1 to discharge, realize the cascade utilization of energy, also improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic panel 4 in summer simultaneously; In addition, also combine with rainwater recycle reutilization system, solve the problem of water consumption of air-conditioning, namely utilize rainwater as the daily water consumption of unit.The present invention and rainwater recycle utilize the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined to achieve to economize on electricity, economize on water, environmental protection concept, have certain actual application value.

Claims (10)

1. utilize with rainwater recycle the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined, it is characterized in that, include combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning (1), described combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning (1) is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system and photovoltaic generating system respectively.
2. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning (1), include air-conditioner housing, heat exchange core body is provided with in air-conditioner housing, the top of described heat exchange core body is disposed with water fender (19) and water-distributing device, and the top of described water fender (19) has been arranged side by side direct current exhaust blower (21), direct current pressure fan (20);
Described water-distributing device is made up of shower (28) and the nozzle (18) that is evenly arranged at the upper multiple downward spray of shower (28), and described shower (28) is connected with rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system;
Air-conditioner housing one sidewall that described heat exchange core body is corresponding is provided with air inlet (29);
The air-conditioner housing sidewall that described direct current exhaust blower (21) is corresponding is provided with air outlet (23), and described air outlet (23) is connected with and stretches into indoor ajutage (24);
The air-conditioner housing roof that described direct current pressure fan (20) top is corresponding is provided with exhaust outlet (22), and described exhaust outlet (22) is connected with Secondary Air airduct (2).
3. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described rainwater recycle processing and utilizing system, includes the water tank (7) be connected with skin and the water leg being arranged at top of building;
The top of described water tank (7) is provided with water inlet (30), in described water tank (7), water inlet (30) place is provided with screen pack (8), described shower (28) stretches in water tank (7) by feed pipe; Described feed pipe is respectively arranged with water treatment facilities (10) and DC water pump (9);
Described water leg is surrounded by the baffle plate (11) being arranged at top of building edge, one jiao of described water leg is connected with horn mouth (5), and described horn mouth (5) is stretched in water tank (7) by rain pipe (6).
4. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described air inlet (29) is arranged on relative two housings wall respectively with air outlet (23).
5. the photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2 or 4, is characterized in that, is provided with airstrainer (12) in described air inlet (29).
6. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described nozzle (18) is connected with electrically-controlled valve (17).
7. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described heat exchange core body is formed by be arranged in parallel up and down earthenware group (13) and heat pipe heat;
Described earthenware group (13) is made up of many horizontally disposed earthenwares, by the tail end plugs of the every root earthenware of air-flow direction;
Described heat pipe heat is made up of many horizontally disposed heat pipes, and every root heat pipe is made up of condensation end of heat pipe (15) and heat pipe evaporation ends (16), and described heat pipe evaporation ends (16) is near air inlet (29) place;
The surface of described heat exchange core body is diagonally disposed with row's aperture (14) from bottom to top along air-flow direction.
8. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described in stretch into the air port indoor ajutage (24) being evenly provided with multiple downward air-supply.
9. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described air port place is provided with air diffuser (25).
10. photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described photovoltaic generating system, include photovoltaic panel (4), described photovoltaic panel (4) is connected with photovoltaic controller (26) and batteries (27) in turn by wire; Described batteries (27) is connected with combined type Evaporative Cooling Air Conditioning (1), DC water pump (9) respectively by wire;
Described Secondary Air airduct (2) is arranged at the edge of photovoltaic panel (4), described Secondary Air airduct (2) is provided with multiple jet towards photovoltaic panel (4) (3).
CN201410798571.4A 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 The photovoltaic drive-type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System combined is utilized with rainwater recycle Expired - Fee Related CN104566711B (en)

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CN107166581A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-09-15 西安工程大学 Dormitory apartment passive type Evaporative Cooling Air-conditioning System
CN107810367A (en) * 2015-07-03 2018-03-16 布尔简易股份公司 The air-conditioning system of building
CN108235665A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-29 重庆大学 A kind of field communications equipment room air conditioner condensation spraying system based on rainwater-collecting

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CN108235665A (en) * 2018-02-06 2018-06-29 重庆大学 A kind of field communications equipment room air conditioner condensation spraying system based on rainwater-collecting

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