CN104556564B - A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed - Google Patents

A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104556564B
CN104556564B CN201410788538.3A CN201410788538A CN104556564B CN 104556564 B CN104556564 B CN 104556564B CN 201410788538 A CN201410788538 A CN 201410788538A CN 104556564 B CN104556564 B CN 104556564B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
bed
partition wall
composite
purification
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410788538.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104556564A (en
Inventor
解清杰
杜甫义
马新华
叶丹
杜道林
阿琼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu University
Original Assignee
Jiangsu University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu University filed Critical Jiangsu University
Priority to CN201410788538.3A priority Critical patent/CN104556564B/en
Publication of CN104556564A publication Critical patent/CN104556564A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104556564B publication Critical patent/CN104556564B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/281Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using inorganic sorbents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/70Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by reduction
    • C02F1/705Reduction by metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multimedium artificial swamp sewage purification bed, belong to water-treatment technology field. The present invention includes water inlet pipe, cloth water channel, gravel packing, crosses spray wall, cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, broken limestone layer, partition wall three, clay and planting soil composite bed, Concrete Anti infiltration layer, braiding channel, collecting conduit, Height Adjustable outlet, outlet pipe. Clay and planting soil composite bed are positioned at the device the superiors, clay and planting soil composite bed are presented herein below broken limestone layer, being cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer successively after crossing spray wall below broken limestone layer, bottom is impervious barrier. The present invention utilizes the optimum organization of medium to realize the high-efficient purification to dirty pollutant in water, device flexible design, and strong adaptability, treatment effeciency are high.

Description

A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of water treatment, be specifically related to artificial wetland treatment and purify Technology of Sewage.
Background technology
By ecologist, artificial swamp, as a kind of eco-treatment technology, is found that it is developed rapidly after having Function For Purifying Water from eighties of last century five sixties, has become as the new technique of a kind of sewage disposal to the eighties. Current many countries all kinds of sewage of artificial wetland treatment, including city domestic sewage, trade effluent, storm runoff, widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area sewage, percolate, polluted river lake etc., surface water, aquaculture wastewater, mud deviate from water etc. Artificial swamp is an aquatic ecosystem being made up of animals and plants, microorganism, medium etc., by synergism mutual between each ingredient, makes wet land system steady running, and has preferably detergent power. Current artificial swamp is as a kind of low input, high efficiency, and the ecological engineering facilities of easy care is applied widely all over the world. Removal to nitrogen, P elements is one of topmost function of artificial wet land system. In recent years, the correlational study removed in artificial wet land system about nitrogen, P elements at home and abroad obtains flourishing carrying out. As the patent No. is: 201410217395.O, patent specification describes constructed wetland device and the processing method thereof of low-pollution water denitrogenation.
Artificial wetland treatment device common at present and shortcoming thereof are as follows:
(1) surface current artificial wetland. Device is made up of soil, water plant etc. Sewage flows through from medium, is purified through plant absorption, attached microbial degraded. Shortcoming is that treatment effeciency is low, sanitary condition is poor, is subject to extraneous service condition interference.
(2) drowned flow artificial wet land. Drowned flow artificial wet land includes horizontal flow artificial wetland and vertical current constructed wetland, and sewage is flow through by media interior, improves sanitary condition, strengthens stable performance, improves treatment effeciency.Shortcoming is dwell time of sewage, the bad control of water level, and reply sewage quality change changing capability is poor.
(3) conventional composite artificial wetland. Compound flow constructed wetland refers generally to surface current artificial wetland and drowned flow artificial wet land is combined, and also has the advection artificial swamp between drowned flow artificial wet land and vertical current constructed wetland to be combined. Sewage is through compound flow constructed wetland, and the treatment effeciency of its polluter has had a raising than single wetland, but compound flow constructed wetland capital expenditure is higher, to external world service condition require higher, operational management trouble.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to improve the efficiency of artificial wetland treatment pollutant, strengthen artificial swamp and tackle the ability of sewage quality change flexibly. The medium composite purification layer arranged in certain sequence in this clean-up bed, can increase the kind removing pollutant and improve the treatment effeciency to pollutant. The adjustable outlet of device camber can pass through adjusting water outlet height, controlling sewage water level in whole clean-up bed, namely regulating the depth of immersion in broken limestone layer, thus controlling the clean-up effect of total phosphorus. This clean-up bed can carry out flexible for wastewater influent water quality, and treatment effeciency is high, strong adaptability.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed, it is characterised in that: include water inlet pipe, cloth water channel, gravel packing, cross spray wall, cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, broken limestone layer, partition wall three, clay and planting soil composite bed, Concrete Anti infiltration layer, braiding channel, collecting conduit, Height Adjustable outlet, outlet pipe. Described gravel packing is positioned at bottom cloth water channel; Cross after spray wall is positioned at cloth water channel; Clay and planting soil composite bed, in the uppermost position of device, are broken limestone layer immediately below; It is cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer successively after crossing spray wall below broken limestone layer; Partition wall three is positioned at the haydite compounded purifying layer centre position of property of modified rectorite, is upward through broken limestone layer and clay and planting soil composite bed; Device bottom is impervious barrier; Collecting conduit connects Height Adjustable outlet, and Height Adjustable outlet is positioned at the centre position of braiding channel.
Wherein said gravel packing, gravel layer thickness 50-70cm, grain size of gravel 10-20mm, can remove most particulate pollutant in sewage.
Wherein said cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, in this layer, cinder particle diameter to be 5-15mm, rotten wood particle diameter be 10-20mm, iron filings particle diameter are 2-4mm, three is according to volume ratio 70:29.5:0.5 Homogeneous phase mixing, at this composite purification layer, emphasis removes the organic pollution in sewage, simultaneously iron filings can the contaminant species of some difficult degradations in deoxidization, degradation sewage, reduce subsequent purification load.
The haydite compounded purifying layer of wherein said property of modified rectorite, in this layer, property of modified rectorite particle diameter is 4-8mm, haydite particle diameter 6-8mm; The two is according to volume ratio 2:1 Homogeneous phase mixing. In this layer, emphasis removes the polluters such as the ammonia nitrogen in sewage, total nitrogen, and organic pollution also has good removal ability simultaneously.
Wherein said celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, in this layer, celluar concrete particle diameter is 5-15mm, and celluar concrete interior porosity is not less than 40%, sized zeolite particles 5-8mm;The two is according to volume ratio 1:1 Homogeneous phase mixing. The polluters such as the absorption property and the suspended solid that ammonia nitrogen detergent power is removed in sewage further of zeolite, the ammonia nitrogen that utilize celluar concrete in this layer, it is ensured that water outlet reaches corresponding water quality requirement.
Wherein said Height Adjustable outlet can pass through adjusting water outlet height, control sewage water level in whole clean-up bed, namely regulate the depth of immersion in broken limestone layer, thus controlling the clean-up effect of total phosphorus, namely when total phosphorus content height in sewage, depth of immersion is high, and sewage and limestone are long for time of contact, then total phosphorus removal amount is big; Accordingly, if total phosphorus content is low in sewage, then adjusting height of outlet, reduces depth of immersion, shortens sewage and limestone time of contact, reduce the consumption of limestone, promote the service life of this clean-up bed.
The composite bed of wherein said clay and planting soil, plantation has the plant of certain detergent power and landscape effect, vegetation period available root system of plant purification, promote the overall clean-up effect of this clean-up bed.
This is sewage purification bed when being operated, sewage is entered cloth water channel by water inlet pipe, pass through gravel packing, it was then passed through spray wall even into cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, in this composite purification layer, sewage flows from bottom to top, through broken limestone layer, climb over partition wall top and enter the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite. Afterwards, sewage climbs over partition wall top and enters celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer at this, and through the process of this composite purification layer, the sewage after purification enters braiding channel by Height Adjustable outlet after being collected by feedwater piping, discharges eventually through outlet pipe.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, the organic pollution in sewage can be removed effectively by multimedium composite purification layer; Clean-up bed can adapt to the change of sewage quality flexibly. The present invention utilizes the optimum organization of medium to realize the high-efficient purification to dirty pollutant in water, device flexible design, and strong adaptability, treatment effeciency are high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
In figure, 1-water inlet pipe, 2-cloth water channel, 3-gravel packing, 4-crosses spray wall, 5-cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, 6-partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of 7-property of modified rectorite, 8-partition wall two, 9-celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, the broken limestone layer of 10-, 11-partition wall three, 12-clay and planting soil composite bed, 13-Concrete Anti infiltration layer, 14-braiding channel, 15-collecting conduit, the Height Adjustable outlet of 16-, 17-outlet pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, this device includes water inlet pipe 1, cloth water channel 2, gravel packing 3, crosses spray wall 4, cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer 5, partition wall one (6), the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite 7, partition wall two (8), celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer 9, broken limestone layer 10, partition wall three (11), clay and planting soil composite bed 12, Concrete Anti infiltration layer 13, braiding channel 14, collecting conduit 15, Height Adjustable outlet 16, outlet pipe 17; Described gravel packing 3 is positioned at bottom cloth water channel 2; Cross after spray wall 4 is positioned at cloth water channel 2; Clay and planting soil composite bed 12, in the uppermost position of device, are broken limestone layer 10 immediately below; Broken limestone layer 10 is cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer 5, partition wall 16, the haydite compounded purifying layer 7 of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two (8), celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer 9 successively below after crossing spray wall 4;Partition wall three (11) is positioned at property of modified rectorite haydite compounded purifying layer 7 centre position, is upward through broken limestone layer 10 and clay and planting soil composite bed 12; Device bottom is Concrete Anti infiltration layer 13; Collecting conduit 15 connects Height Adjustable outlet 16, and Height Adjustable outlet 16 is positioned at the centre position of braiding channel 14.
This is sewage purification bed when being operated, sanitary sewage is entered cloth water channel by water inlet pipe, pass through gravel packing, it was then passed through spray wall even into cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, in this composite purification layer, sewage flows from bottom to top, through broken limestone layer, climb over partition wall top and enter the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite. Afterwards, sewage climbs over partition wall top and enters celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer at this, and through the process of this composite purification layer, the sewage after purification enters braiding channel by Height Adjustable outlet after being collected by feedwater piping, discharges eventually through outlet pipe. This Constructed Wetland For Purifying bed design load is more than 0.08m3/m2D; Sanitary sewage is through this multimedium clean-up bed, and the removal efficiency of COD of sewage, ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus is respectively greater than 90%, 80% and 75%.

Claims (6)

1. a multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed, it is characterized in that, including water inlet pipe, cloth water channel, gravel packing, cross spray wall, cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, broken limestone layer, partition wall three, clay and planting soil composite bed, Concrete Anti infiltration layer, braiding channel, collecting conduit, Height Adjustable outlet, outlet pipe; Described gravel packing is positioned at bottom cloth water channel; Cross after spray wall is positioned at cloth water channel; Clay and planting soil composite bed, in described a kind of sewage purification bed uppermost position of multimedium artificial swamp, are broken limestone layer immediately below; It is cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, partition wall one, the haydite compounded purifying layer of property of modified rectorite, partition wall two, celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer successively after crossing spray wall below broken limestone layer; Partition wall three is positioned at the haydite compounded purifying layer centre position of property of modified rectorite, is upward through broken limestone layer and clay and planting soil composite bed; Described a kind of sewage purification bed bottom of multimedium artificial swamp is Concrete Anti infiltration layer; Collecting conduit connects Height Adjustable outlet, and Height Adjustable outlet is positioned at the centre position of braiding channel.
2. a kind of multimedium artificial swamp according to claim 1 is sewage purification bed, it is characterised in that described gravel packing, gravel layer thickness 50-70cm, grain size of gravel 10-20mm.
3. a kind of multimedium artificial swamp according to claim 1 is sewage purification bed, it is characterized in that described cinder corruption wood iron filings composite purification layer, in this layer, cinder particle diameter to be 5-15mm, rotten wood particle diameter be 10-20mm, iron filings particle diameter are 2-4mm, and three is according to volume ratio 70:29.5:0.5 Homogeneous phase mixing.
4. a kind of multimedium artificial swamp according to claim 1 is sewage purification bed, it is characterised in that the haydite compounded purifying layer of described property of modified rectorite, and in this layer, property of modified rectorite particle diameter is 4-8mm, haydite particle diameter 6-8mm; The two is according to volume ratio 2:1 Homogeneous phase mixing.
5. a kind of multimedium artificial swamp according to claim 1 is sewage purification bed, it is characterized in that described celluar concrete zeolite composite purification layer, in this layer, celluar concrete particle diameter is 5-15mm, and celluar concrete interior porosity is not less than 40%, sized zeolite particles 5-8mm;The two is according to volume ratio 1:1 Homogeneous phase mixing.
6. a kind of multimedium artificial swamp according to claim 1 is sewage purification bed, it is characterized in that described Height Adjustable outlet can pass through adjusting water outlet height, control sewage water level in whole clean-up bed, namely regulate the depth of immersion in broken limestone layer, thus controlling the clean-up effect of total phosphorus.
CN201410788538.3A 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed Expired - Fee Related CN104556564B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410788538.3A CN104556564B (en) 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410788538.3A CN104556564B (en) 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104556564A CN104556564A (en) 2015-04-29
CN104556564B true CN104556564B (en) 2016-06-15

Family

ID=53073762

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410788538.3A Expired - Fee Related CN104556564B (en) 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104556564B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106745770A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-31 怀宁鑫橙信息技术有限公司 A kind of method for waterproofing
CN111533369A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-14 北京土人城市规划设计股份有限公司 Wetland sewage purification system
CN113023896A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-25 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Filler for purifying non-point source pollutants and wetland bed

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8252182B1 (en) * 2008-09-11 2012-08-28 University Of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc. Subsurface upflow wetland system for nutrient and pathogen removal in wastewater treatment systems
CN101987760B (en) * 2009-07-31 2012-06-27 辽宁北方环境保护有限公司 Horizontal underflow constructed wetland capable of strengthening denitrification at low temperature
CN101781060B (en) * 2010-03-02 2012-04-18 河北农业大学 Composite artificial marsh sewage treatment system
CN101955297B (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-05-09 武汉中科水生环境工程有限公司 Landscape-type composite artificial wetland treatment device for eutrophication water body and application thereof
CN102674552B (en) * 2011-03-08 2015-01-21 北京仁创科技集团有限公司 Water treatment system of artificial wetland

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104556564A (en) 2015-04-29

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104773897B (en) A kind of water quality in-situ remediation system of strand black-odor riverway
CN105293841B (en) A kind of artificial swamp and filtration system combined depth handles country sewage method and device
CN104671593A (en) Ecological soil purifying bed for agricultural non-point source pollution
CN100595169C (en) Ecological system for water purification and recover
CN204369656U (en) Rainwater treatment artificial wet land system
CN103304111A (en) Water network hill area village sewage collection treatment system
CN204644073U (en) A kind of filter dam, river course formula rainfall runoff treatment system
CN104030440A (en) Multi-flow mode intensified composite undercurrent artificial wetland system and application method thereof
CN103708671A (en) Multi-medium constructed wetland water treatment system and treatment method thereof
WO2020015374A1 (en) Combined treatment process for municipal sewage and rainwater
CN104556564B (en) A kind of multimedium artificial swamp is sewage purification bed
CN100395194C (en) Organism-ecology filtration system of purifying rain/sewage and operational method thereof
CN105236687B (en) The micro- vertical baffling wetland sewage-treatment plant of aeration of self-cleaning type and method
CN105621786B (en) A kind of vertical artificial wet land system of upper up-flow for handling agricultural non-point source pollution
CN100513326C (en) Domestic sewage ecologically treating system
CN206447733U (en) A kind of oil-containing sewage treatment system
CN103641282B (en) Method for performing surface slow-rate infiltration land treatment on rural domestic wastewater
CN110745951B (en) Biological detention pond with dephosphorization and deodorization functions
CN110642481B (en) Domestic sewage integrated treatment system suitable for villages and treatment method thereof
CN208732861U (en) A kind of rural domestic sewage treatment facility
CN104743674B (en) Modularized artificial wetland processing unit
CN204737846U (en) Handle agriculture non -point source pollution's perpendicular constructed wetland system of upwelling
CN101475289B (en) Reinforced biological reaction tank and reinforced undercurrent wetland processing system
CN208964633U (en) Ecological continuous filter
CN109279699A (en) A kind of enhanced compounded mix can be used for the processing of face source runoff pollution

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160615

Termination date: 20161219