CN104555727A - Pneumatic monorail crane - Google Patents

Pneumatic monorail crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104555727A
CN104555727A CN201410846253.0A CN201410846253A CN104555727A CN 104555727 A CN104555727 A CN 104555727A CN 201410846253 A CN201410846253 A CN 201410846253A CN 104555727 A CN104555727 A CN 104555727A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pneumatic
pull bar
brake
air motor
crane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410846253.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伦侠
张振兴
丁念波
刘金虎
杨传冬
丁可
黄剑
孙晓辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XUZHOU HUADONG MACHINERY PLANT
Original Assignee
XUZHOU HUADONG MACHINERY PLANT
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XUZHOU HUADONG MACHINERY PLANT filed Critical XUZHOU HUADONG MACHINERY PLANT
Priority to CN201410846253.0A priority Critical patent/CN104555727A/en
Publication of CN104555727A publication Critical patent/CN104555727A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C13/00Other constructional features or details
    • B66C13/18Control systems or devices
    • B66C13/20Control systems or devices for non-electric drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/14Trolley or crane travel drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C9/00Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes
    • B66C9/18Travelling gear incorporated in or fitted to trolleys or cranes with means for locking trolleys or cranes to runways or tracks to prevent inadvertent movements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F13/00Transport specially adapted to underground conditions

Abstract

The invention discloses a pneumatic monorail crane and belongs to underground coal mine auxiliary transport equipment. The pneumatic monorail crane comprises a rail, a bearing trolley, a driving device, a brake device and walking wheels, wherein the driving device comprises a pneumatic motor and a reduction gearbox and further comprises a pneumatic controller and a pressure regulating valve; the brake device is connected with the reduction gearbox; the pneumatic controller is fixed at the outer part of the whole machine and connected with the pneumatic motor through a pipeline; the pressure regulating valve is fixed in a pipeline system and between the pneumatic motor and the pneumatic controller; gas is supplied to the pneumatic motor by the pneumatic controller through the pressure regulating valve, and meanwhile, the running speed of the monorail crane is regulated through regulating the gas supply quantity. The brake device of the pneumatic monorail crane is connected with the main machine, the structure is compact, the operation is convenient, the speed of the crane in braking and starting processes can be regulated, low-speed starting and braking are realized, and meanwhile, the work noise can be lowered.

Description

A kind of pneumatic single-rail crane
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground coal mine auxiliary conveying equipments field, be specifically related to a kind of pneumatic single-rail crane.
Background technology
The auxiliary conveying equipments travelling on suspended single-track system that monorail hoist is a kind of mobility strong, running velocity is fast, load carrying ability is large, safe and reliable, be mainly used in underground coal mine to adopt, dig the material of termination lame advanced supporting, the transport of equipment up and down such as driving surface, connection roadway, also can be used for other places needing short range to transport such as down-hole transition.A monorail hoist can realize continuous transit without reprinting in changeable slope, many turnouts, branched line tunnel, is not out of shape by roadway floor, and ponding or solid accumulation impact, obtain in colliery applying more and more widely.
Pneumatic single-rail crane is a kind of equipment common in the existing monorail hoist in colliery.Pneumatic single-rail crane utilizes overhead track, drives friction wheel along the equipment of the bilateral friction-driven of track riser with air motor after speed reduction gearing slows down.Existing pneumatic single-rail crane is primarily of part compositions such as track, air motor, speed reduction gearing, braking dolly, friction wheel and carrying dollies, its brake portion is separated with crane main body section, structure disperses, do not concentrate, can not adjustable pressure size, causing cannot governing speed in braking, starting process.In addition the carrying capacity of existing pneumatic single-rail crane is low, cannot meet the bearing capacity of technical requirements setting, and during crane work, noise is comparatively large, causes noise emission, affect the physical and mental health of operating personal to working environment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of pneumatic single-rail crane, this pneumatic single-rail crane compact conformation, easy to operate, the speed in crane braking, starting process can be regulated, realize starting at a slow speed, braking.
To achieve these goals, this pneumatic single-rail crane comprises track, carrying dolly, actuating device, brake equipment, road wheel, described actuating device comprises air motor and drop-gear box, described carrying dolly is installed in orbit by road wheel, described actuating device is connected with carrying dolly, it is characterized in that, described monorail hoist also comprises pneumatic controller and pressure regulating valve; Described brake equipment is connected with drop-gear box, and described pneumatic controller is fixed on complete machine outside, is connected with air motor by pipeline; Described pressure regulating valve is fixed in pipeline system, is arranged between air motor and pneumatic controller.
Further, described brake equipment is bolted and covers on drop-gear box.
Further, the side of described air motor is provided with silencer.
Further, described monorail hoist also comprises pull bar, and described pull bar one end is connected with main frame pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin, and the other end is connected with lifting beam pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin.
Further, described pull bar adopts oscillating bearing form.
Described actuating device also comprises friction wheel, and the mouth of described drop-gear box is connected with described friction wheel, and the surrounding of described drop-gear box is installed with guard shield.
Described brake equipment comprises permanent seat, braking brake shoe, brake control lever, Compress Spring, brake cylinder and connecting rod; Described permanent seat both sides are connected with brake control lever respectively, the upper end of described brake control lever is fixedly connected with braking brake shoe, the lower end of brake control lever is connected with connecting rod, described brake cylinder is connected with two brake control lever lower ends respectively by connecting rod, described Compress Spring is fixed on above brake cylinder, is connected on brake control lever by connecting shaft component.
During pneumatic single-rail crane work of the present invention, utilize overhead track, air motor drives friction wheel to run along the bilateral friction-driven equipment of track riser after drop-gear box slows down.Pneumatic controller to air motor air feed, regulates the size of air demand by pressure regulating valve simultaneously, for regulating monorail hoist running velocity, and slow speed-regulating function when realizing starting and braking.During braking, brake cylinder work, drive Compress Spring resilience by brake control lever, clasp brake brake shoe holds track tightly, realizes braking brake function, and during operation, brake cylinder shortens, and compress the spring of resilience, clasp brake brake shoe unclamps, and monorail hoist is walked.Pneumatic single-rail crane drives the lifting beam walking being loaded with goods by the pull bar of adjustable-angle, for lift cargo; The pull bar of adjustable-angle adopts oscillating bearing form, and can not have interference with track when turning, change slope, realization is turned, it is smooth and easy without jam to become slope.
Pneumatic single-rail crane brake equipment of the present invention is connected with main frame, compact conformation, rationally distributed, easy to operate, and applicable fluctuating turns to tunnel, greatly can reduce labor strength, solves the phenomenon manually shouldering material and belt band material; There is pneumatic controller and pressure regulating valve, the air demand of adjustable pneumatic motor, thus regulate monorail hoist running velocity, realize slow start and braking; There is silencer, the noise produced when can reduce air motor work; Be connected with pneumatic lifting beam by the pull bar of adjustable-angle, improve the carrying capacity of crane; Its power resources are in pressurized air, and energy-conserving and environment-protective, are more suitable for the poor work condition environment of ventilating, and can realize reprinting, hang and move and the equipment carrying of chamber.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the integral structure schematic diagram of pneumatic single-rail crane of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the brake equipment of pneumatic single-rail crane shown in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1 track; 2 carrying dollies; 3 guard shields; 4 air motors; 5 drop-gear boxs; 6 friction wheels; 7 road wheels; 8 permanent seats; 9 braking brake shoes; 10 brake control levers; 11 Compress Springs; 12 brake cylinders; 13 connecting rods; 14 pneumatic controllers; 15 pressure regulating valves; 16 silencers; 17 pull bars.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, pneumatic single-rail crane of the present invention comprises track 1, carrying dolly 2, actuating device, brake equipment, road wheel 7, pneumatic controller 14, pressure regulating valve 15, silencer 16 and pull bar 17.Described carrying dolly 2 is installed on path 1 by road wheel 7, plays support main frame and walking.
Described pneumatic controller 14 is fixed on complete machine outside, is connected with air motor 4 by pipeline; Described pressure regulating valve 15, in pipeline system, is fixed between air motor 4 and pneumatic controller 14; Pneumatic controller 14 gives air motor 4 air feed by pressure regulating valve 15, regulates the size of air demand simultaneously, for regulating monorail hoist running velocity, and slow speed-regulating function when realizing starting and braking.
Described silencer 16 is arranged on the right side of air motor 4, the noise produced when working for reducing air motor 4.
One end of described pull bar 17 is connected with main frame pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin, and the other end is connected with lifting beam pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin.Driven the lifting beam walking being loaded with goods when crane runs by pull bar 17, realize the handling of goods.Described pull bar 17 adopts oscillating bearing form, can flexible angle, can not have interference turning, when becoming slope with track, realizes turning, to become slope smooth and easy without jam.
Described actuating device comprises air motor 4, drop-gear box 5, friction wheel 6; Described air motor 4 is by Flange joint on drop-gear box 5, and the mouth of described drop-gear box 5 is connected with described friction wheel 6, and described friction wheel 6 is compressed on path 1 by the helical spring arm of force; Described friction wheel 6 is arranged in the mounting hole of arm of force end by antifriction-bearing box, and the arm of force is connected with carrying dolly 2 by adapter shaft by the arm of force other end corresponded.Described air motor 4 drives friction wheel 6 to run along the bilateral friction-driven crane of track 1 riser after drop-gear box 5 slows down.
The surrounding of described drop-gear box 5 is installed with guard shield 3, for the protection of the inner each parts of crane complete machine.
As shown in Figure 2, described brake equipment comprises permanent seat 8, braking brake shoe 9, brake control lever 10, Compress Spring 11, brake cylinder 12 and connecting rod 13, and described brake equipment is installed on path 1 by road wheel 7, is connected with drop-gear box 5 by bolt.
Described permanent seat 8 both sides are connected with brake control lever 10 respectively, and the upper end of brake control lever 10 is fixedly connected with braking brake shoe 9, and the lower end of brake control lever 10 is connected with connecting rod 13; Described brake cylinder 12 is connected with two brake control lever 10 lower ends respectively by connecting rod 13; Described Compress Spring 11 is fixed on above brake cylinder 12, is connected on brake control lever 10 by connecting shaft component.
When crane runs, pass into pressure gas, the piston rod of brake cylinder 12 shrinks, the pulling force that the lower end of two brake control levers 10 is subject to Connection Block does move toward one another, and Compress Spring 11 is subject to the pressure compression of two brake control levers, because brake control lever 10 is flexibly connected with permanent seat 11, and the lower end of brake control lever 10 is flexibly connected with connecting rod 13, so the upper end of brake control lever 10 is opened simultaneously, drive clasp brake brake shoe 9 to de-orbit 1, crane is normally walked.
During crane braking, the piston rod retraction of brake cylinder 12, Compress Spring 11 resilience is driven by brake control lever 10, because brake control lever 10 is flexibly connected with permanent seat 11, and the lower end of brake control lever 10 is flexibly connected with connecting rod 8, so now the lower end of brake control lever 10 can outwards be opened, the upper end of brake control lever 10 is inwardly shunk, make clasp brake brake shoe 9 hold track tightly, realize the braking brake function of crane.

Claims (5)

1. a pneumatic single-rail crane, comprise track (1), carrying dolly (2), actuating device, brake equipment, road wheel (7), described actuating device comprises air motor (4) and drop-gear box (5), described carrying dolly (2) is arranged on track (1) by road wheel (7), described actuating device is connected with carrying dolly (2), it is characterized in that, described monorail hoist also comprises pneumatic controller (14) and pressure regulating valve (15); Described brake equipment is connected with drop-gear box (5), described pneumatic controller (14) is fixed on complete machine outside, be connected with air motor (4) by pipeline, described pressure regulating valve (15) is fixed in pipeline system, is arranged between air motor (4) and pneumatic controller (14).
2. pneumatic single-rail crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described brake equipment is bolted and covers on drop-gear box (5).
3. pneumatic single-rail crane according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the side of described air motor (4) is installed with silencer (16).
4. pneumatic single-rail crane according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described monorail hoist also comprises pull bar (17), and described pull bar (17) one end is connected with main frame pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin, and the other end is connected with lifting beam pull bar permanent seat by bearing pin.
5. pneumatic single-rail crane according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described pull bar (17) adopts oscillating bearing form.
CN201410846253.0A 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Pneumatic monorail crane Pending CN104555727A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410846253.0A CN104555727A (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Pneumatic monorail crane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410846253.0A CN104555727A (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Pneumatic monorail crane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104555727A true CN104555727A (en) 2015-04-29

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104555727A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105776014A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-20 淮北市中安矿机设备有限公司 Pneumatic monorail crane
CN105858428A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-17 沙尔夫矿山机械(徐州)有限公司 Small pneumatic single-rail transportation device for underground coal mine
CN109080645A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-25 太原矿机电气股份有限公司 A kind of single cycles of downhole anti-explosion electrical haulage
CN113371599A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-09-10 张荣珍 Monorail crane for coal mining

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201952110U (en) * 2011-02-17 2011-08-31 淮南市众兴机械制造有限责任公司 Monorail crane bake device
CN202529734U (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-11-14 江苏中煤矿山设备有限公司 Pneumatic single-rail traveling crane for coal mine underground
CN203582386U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-05-07 安徽中捷矿山运输设备有限责任公司 Monorail crane manipulator
CN203601292U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-05-21 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Brake mechanism of pneumatic monorail crane
CN203793362U (en) * 2014-01-18 2014-08-27 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Pneumatic monorail crane auxiliary brake trolley
CN203877781U (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-15 南京石诚井巷装备有限责任公司 Pneumatic hoisting device
CN204416931U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-24 徐州华东机械厂 Pneumatic single-rail crane

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201952110U (en) * 2011-02-17 2011-08-31 淮南市众兴机械制造有限责任公司 Monorail crane bake device
CN202529734U (en) * 2012-03-30 2012-11-14 江苏中煤矿山设备有限公司 Pneumatic single-rail traveling crane for coal mine underground
CN203582386U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-05-07 安徽中捷矿山运输设备有限责任公司 Monorail crane manipulator
CN203601292U (en) * 2013-11-28 2014-05-21 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Brake mechanism of pneumatic monorail crane
CN203793362U (en) * 2014-01-18 2014-08-27 淮南国力液压装备有限公司 Pneumatic monorail crane auxiliary brake trolley
CN203877781U (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-10-15 南京石诚井巷装备有限责任公司 Pneumatic hoisting device
CN204416931U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-24 徐州华东机械厂 Pneumatic single-rail crane

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105858428A (en) * 2016-05-10 2016-08-17 沙尔夫矿山机械(徐州)有限公司 Small pneumatic single-rail transportation device for underground coal mine
CN105776014A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-20 淮北市中安矿机设备有限公司 Pneumatic monorail crane
CN109080645A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-25 太原矿机电气股份有限公司 A kind of single cycles of downhole anti-explosion electrical haulage
CN113371599A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-09-10 张荣珍 Monorail crane for coal mining
CN113371599B (en) * 2021-05-31 2022-06-28 泰安鑫诚机械科技有限公司 Monorail crane for coal mining

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Application publication date: 20150429

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