CN104521478A - Form control method for rieger begonia - Google Patents

Form control method for rieger begonia Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521478A
CN104521478A CN201410738466.1A CN201410738466A CN104521478A CN 104521478 A CN104521478 A CN 104521478A CN 201410738466 A CN201410738466 A CN 201410738466A CN 104521478 A CN104521478 A CN 104521478A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
days
plant
mass ratio
planting
flower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410738466.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝海平
刘青
杨铁顺
赵娜
只艳玲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER Co Ltd
Original Assignee
DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER Co Ltd filed Critical DASHUN INTERNATIONAL FLOWER Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410738466.1A priority Critical patent/CN104521478A/en
Publication of CN104521478A publication Critical patent/CN104521478A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

The invention provides a form control method for rieger begonia. The method comprises the steps of planting for 1 to 10 days; closely planting; partially applying nitrogenous fertilizer to prompt the height growth, wherein the mass ratio of N to P to K in the partially applied nitrogenous fertilizer is 26: 10: 5; pinching after 10 to 15 days; partially applying nitrogenous fertilizer to prompt the growth of side branches, wherein the mass ratio of N to P to K in the partially applied nitrogenous fertilizer is 26: 10: 5; shading when axillary buds on the side branch develop to reach 1 to 2 leaves after 30 days of planting, wherein the shading rate reaches 100%; applying fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of N to P to K in the applied fertilizer is 5: 15: 26; spraying 1000 times solution of 0.5% chlormequat chloride wettable powder to control the plant form as well as prompting the flower bud differentiation; processing for 15 days through short daylight; then processing for 14 hours with long daylight. With the adoption of the method, the plant can quickly flower, and the purposes of flowers grows on the top and the form is molded with the flower can be achieved.

Description

A kind of Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to indoor potted flower culture technical field, especially relate to a kind of Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method.
Background technology
Rieger Begonia (Rieger beginia) Begoniaceae Begonia plant.For Mermithidae begonia (B.socotrana) and multiple napiform root class Malus spectabilis Hybrid.Rieger Begonia short day blooms, flower is very large, beautiful in colour, there is no obvious hibernation feature, and the florescence is long, next April in spring can be continued to from December, the branches and leaves of Rieger Begonia, bud, inflorescence, flower all have higher ornamental value, are indoor high-grade pot flowers kind in winter.The key of Rieger begonia culturing is buds dwarfing, controls improperly easily to occur that branch excessive growth, blade are intensive, mutually blocks, the problem such as flower quantity is few, inclined hat, has a strong impact on ornamental value and market sale.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method, ensures the ornamental value of Rieger Begonia.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method, and plant 1-10 days, dense planting, and inclined nitrogen fertilizer application promotes Seedling height, and N, P, K mass ratio in inclined nitrogen fertilizer application is 26:10:5; Within 10-15 days, carry out pinching, inclined nitrogen fertilizer application promotes collateral generation, and N, P, K mass ratio in inclined nitrogen fertilizer application is 26:10:5; Plant latter 30 days, the axillalry bud on side shoot grows to 1-2 sheet leaf, carries out the shading treatment of 16h, shading rate is 100%, fertilise, N, P, K mass ratio in institute's fertilise is 5:15:26, and sprays 0.5% chlormequat wetting powder, 1000 times of hydraulic control plant types and promote flower bud differentiation; Short-day sunshine treatment carries out the long-day process of 14h after 15 days.
Preferably, plant 1-10 days, the density of dense planting be 36 strains/square metre.
The advantage that the present invention has and good effect are: the fast rapid-result flower of plant, reach with flower pressure hat, to spend plastotype object.
Embodiment
Present pre-ferred embodiments is provided, to describe technical scheme of the present invention in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.
A kind of Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method, comprises the steps:
1. initial stage growth promotion of planting manages:
Rieger Begonia is planted initial stage 1-10 days, needs dense planting, density be 36 strains/square metre, use the composite fertilizer that N, P, K mass ratio is 26:10:5 simultaneously, promote that seedling carries out Seedling height.
2. plant and expand hat management mid-term
When planting that seedling grew to about 15-20cm in 10-15 days, carry out first time pinching.A general pinching can produce 4 side shoots.Planting density be 24 strains/square metre, at this moment fertilizer is still fertile based on N, and promote collateral generation, in fertilizer, N, P, K mass ratio is 26:10:5.
3. utilize reproductive growth control to be preced with management
Plant latter 30 days, the axillalry bud on side shoot grows to 1-2 sheet leaf, carries out the shading treatment of 16h, and shading rate is 100%.In short-day shading treatment simultaneously, spray 0.5% chlormequat wetting powder, 1000 times of liquid, promote flower bud differentiation and control plant type, generally connecting spray three times, every minor tick 4 days.The plant of side shoot axillary bud growth inequality, can carry out pinching again for the too fast axillalry bud of growth, control growth, then repeat above-mentioned control measures.This stage planting density be 14 strains/square metre: in fertilizer, N, P, K mass ratio is 5:15:26.
4. be preced with flower pressure, to spend plastotype to manage
Short-day sunshine treatment carries out the long-day process of 14h after 15 days, promote to bloom fast, reaches with the object of flower pressure hat.
Above embodiments of the invention have been described in detail, but described content being only preferred embodiment of the present invention, can not being considered to for limiting practical range of the present invention.All equalizations done according to the scope of the invention change and improve, and all should still belong within this patent covering scope.

Claims (2)

1. a Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method, is characterized in that: plant 1-10 days, dense planting, and inclined nitrogen fertilizer application promotes Seedling height, and N, P, K mass ratio in inclined nitrogen fertilizer application is 26:10:5; Within 10-15 days, carry out pinching, inclined nitrogen fertilizer application promotes collateral generation, and N, P, K mass ratio in inclined nitrogen fertilizer application is 26:10:5; Plant latter 30 days, the axillalry bud on side shoot grows to 1-2 sheet leaf, carries out the shading treatment of 16h, shading rate is 100%, fertilise, N, P, K mass ratio in institute's fertilise is 5:15:26, and sprays 0.5% chlormequat wetting powder, 1000 times of hydraulic control plant types and promote flower bud differentiation; Short-day sunshine treatment carries out the long-day process of 14h after 15 days.
2. Rieger Begonia buds dwarfing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: plant 1-10 days, the density of dense planting be 36 strains/square metre.
CN201410738466.1A 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Form control method for rieger begonia Pending CN104521478A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410738466.1A CN104521478A (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Form control method for rieger begonia

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410738466.1A CN104521478A (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Form control method for rieger begonia

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104521478A true CN104521478A (en) 2015-04-22

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410738466.1A Pending CN104521478A (en) 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Form control method for rieger begonia

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104521478A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108812037A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-16 南京林业大学 Malus spectabilis grafting field planting method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101878718A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-11-10 重庆市农业科学院 Method for cultivating gold bergamot
CN102726204A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-10-17 上海春风园艺有限公司 Potted flower culture method for geraldton wax
CN103250545A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 江苏省农业科学院 Method for increasing flower bud differentiation rate and plant compactness of azalea
CN103299808A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-18 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Waterleaf cottage and potting method
CN103404349A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-11-27 南京林业大学 Cultivation method for dwarf potted rixianggui (variety of sweet-scented osmanthus)
CN103650869A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Flower forcing method for jonquil
CN104160856A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-26 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Cultivation method for increasing cut-flower amount and seed production amount of collard

Patent Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101878718A (en) * 2010-07-16 2010-11-10 重庆市农业科学院 Method for cultivating gold bergamot
CN102726204A (en) * 2012-07-23 2012-10-17 上海春风园艺有限公司 Potted flower culture method for geraldton wax
CN103250545A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 江苏省农业科学院 Method for increasing flower bud differentiation rate and plant compactness of azalea
CN103299808A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-18 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Waterleaf cottage and potting method
CN103404349A (en) * 2013-08-14 2013-11-27 南京林业大学 Cultivation method for dwarf potted rixianggui (variety of sweet-scented osmanthus)
CN103650869A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 天津滨海国际花卉科技园区股份有限公司 Flower forcing method for jonquil
CN104160856A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-11-26 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Cultivation method for increasing cut-flower amount and seed production amount of collard

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108812037A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-11-16 南京林业大学 Malus spectabilis grafting field planting method

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Application publication date: 20150422