CN104480667B - Production process and production device for corduroy fabric - Google Patents

Production process and production device for corduroy fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104480667B
CN104480667B CN201410757515.6A CN201410757515A CN104480667B CN 104480667 B CN104480667 B CN 104480667B CN 201410757515 A CN201410757515 A CN 201410757515A CN 104480667 B CN104480667 B CN 104480667B
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China
Prior art keywords
corduroy
guide pin
fabric
floss
cut
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CN104480667A (en
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方虹天
李淑莉
朱俊伟
贾佳
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China Textile Academy (Zhejiang) Technology Research Institute Co. Ltd.
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China Textile Academy Shaoxing Jiangnan Branch China Textile Academy Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C13/00Shearing, clipping or cropping surfaces of textile fabrics; Pile cutting; Trimming seamed edges
    • D06C13/08Cutting pile loops
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C11/00Teasing, napping or otherwise roughening or raising pile of textile fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M10/00Physical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. ultrasonic, corona discharge, irradiation, electric currents, or magnetic fields; Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements
    • D06M10/02Physical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. ultrasonic, corona discharge, irradiation, electric currents, or magnetic fields; Physical treatment combined with treatment with chemical compounds or elements ultrasonic or sonic; Corona discharge
    • D06M10/025Corona discharge or low temperature plasma

Abstract

The invention discloses a production process and a production device for a corduroy fabric and relates to the technical field of production of corduroy fabrics. The production process is characterized by comprising the following steps: firstly feeding a corduroy gray fabric into a thread cutting device, wherein floating wefts on the corduroy gray fabric are fully cut by virtue of the thread cutting device; then, feeding the corduroy gray fabric into a wet brushing mechanism; firstly passing through the corduroy gray fabric by a normal pressure plasma pre-treatment device and then quickly wetting the corduroy gray fabric by virtue of steam of a steam jet wet member; then, loosening fluff by virtue of the brushing device; then singeing the treated corduroy gray fabric by virtue of a singeing machine; feeding the singed corduroy gray fabric into a bleaching and washing combine for pre-treatment of the corduroy gray fabric; then dyeing the corduroy gray fabric by using a dyeing machine; feeding the dyed cloth into an upright pile device to fluff and carrying out high-temperature sizing treatment by virtue of a post-treatment sizing machine, wherein the upright piles are less in lodging possibility; and then obtaining a lodging-free corduroy fabric finished product.

Description

The production technology of a kind of corduroy fabric and device thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to production technology and the device thereof of a kind of corduroy fabric, especially relate to corduroy fabric production technology and the device thereof of a kind of matte non-lodging.
Background technology:
Corduroy raw material, typically based on cotton, also has and the fiber blends such as terylene, acrylon, spandex or intertexture.When people wear corduroy product, inevitably with extraneous contact, the fine hair part of corduroy medicated clothing is rubbed by the external world for a long time by positions such as the ancon of contact squeeze, especially clothing, neckline, cuff, knees, and fine hair easily lodges or comes off.From the appearance, owing to fine hair lodges, color and luster can occur significantly to change, and the local marking producing more difficult recovery simultaneously extruded, matte is that this phenomenon of cotton product becomes apparent from, and extreme influence fabric is attractive in appearance.
In existing open source literature, shorter mention is to corduroy fabric technical research resistant to lodging, product resistant to lodging is also for some special materials, a kind of corduroy, velveteen and production technology as involved by publication number CN 1249369A, this corduroy, for the product of cotton fiber/high shrinkage acrylic development of raw materials, utilizes high shrinkage acrylic characteristic to make corduroy fine hair have a certain degree of function resistant to lodging.But the limitation of this technique is the most obvious, it is necessary to use high convergency chemical fibre raw material, be unfavorable for product diversification growth requirement.
Summary of the invention:
Being that cotton product easily lodges problem for matte, a first aspect of the present invention purpose there is provided the process units of a kind of corduroy fabric, and the corduroy fabric using this process units to prepare has the feature of matte non-lodging.
The technical scheme that the present invention uses for achieving the above object is as follows:
A kind of process units of corduroy fabric, it is characterised in that: include cut pile device, atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, cut velvet device, wherein:
Cut pile device is mainly made up of cut pile circular knife, cutter shaft, cut pile platform, guide pin, arm axle, pushing needle bar, cut pile circular knife and cut pile platform are in being oppositely arranged, cut pile circular knife is installed on cutter shaft, and guide pin is arranged at the lower section of cut pile circular knife, and pushing needle bar is connected by arm axle with guide pin;
Atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, including high-tension electricity roller, ground connection dielectric impedance roller and fabric guide roll, wherein, fabric guide roll be horizontal homogeneous arrangement be placed on corduroy fabric by direction, some high pressure electric prods are installed in the surface of corduroy fabric, be provided with some ground connection dielectric impedance rollers in the underface of corduroy fabric, every high pressure electric prod forms one group of plasma discharge roller group with every ground connection dielectric impedance roller in being correspondingly arranged;
Cut velvet device includes some groups of reverse bristle rollers setting gradually along corduroy fabric transmission direction and some groups of forward bristle rollers, described reverse bristle roller carries out bristle against cloth transmission direction, described forward bristle roller carries out bristle along cloth transmission direction, is provided with sizing groove on last group forward bristle roller.
Further it is provided in:
Described cut pile device, the needle point of guide pin is ball-type, and ball-type diameter is at 0.2-0.3mm, and guide pin needle point gradually broadens along backshank direction the horn-like syringe needle of formation, be connected with horn-like syringe needle for rectangle backshank.
Described guide pin needle point is toward in the 40-60mm length of backshank direction, and guide pin fineness, from needle point 0.2-0.3mm, is gradually transitions 0.5-0.6mm, forms horn-like syringe needle.
The ball-type needle point of described guide pin, inserts in the radial direction floss lane of corduroy fabric, and under pushing needle bar advances, cut pile circular knife is slit into fine hair the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth.
Described guide pin inserts the contact angle 2-7 of corduroy fabric and is set to 5 °~30 °.
Described atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, the dielectric material of ground connection dielectric impedance roller is quartzy or ceramic.
Described atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, often the high pressure electric prod of group plasma discharge roller group and the line direction of ground connection dielectric impedance roller are perpendicular with corduroy fabric.
Further, a kind of corduroy process units of the present invention, including the cut pile device set gradually along corduroy fabric feedstock direction, brush-dewing machine structure, gassing frame, move back and boil rinsing combination machine, staining machine, cut velvet device, Final finishing forming machine, wherein: brush-dewing machine structure is made up of the wetting apparatus set gradually and brushing device, wetting apparatus is made up of with steam showers component atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, and atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit is placed in before steam showers component.
nullA second aspect of the present invention purpose is to provide the production technology of a kind of corduroy fabric,It is characterized in that,Comprise the following steps: corduroy fabric is introduced into cut pile device,The pick float on corduroy fabric is made all to cut off by cut pile dress,Then corduroy fabric is sent into brush-dewing machine structure,Corduroy fabric first passes through atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit,Make the surface plasma membrane disruption of corduroy fabric,Be conducive to the most quickly dewing,Improve rapidly floss grey cloth containing tide rate,Corduroy fabric is by after atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit,The quick dewing of steam is carried out by steam showers component,Make fine hair loose by brushing device again,Next the corduroy fabric processed is singed by gassing frame,Enter to move back after singing and boil rinsing combination machine and carry out the pre-treatment of corduroy fabric,Then pass through staining machine to dye,Cloth after dyeing is sent into cut velvet device and carries out napping,And carry out high-temperature shaping process by Final finishing forming machine,Cut velvet is made to be difficult to lodging,Then the corduroy fabric finished product of non-lodging is obtained.
Further, the production technology of a kind of corduroy fabric of the present invention, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: corduroy fabric cut pile is boiled to bleaching and dyeing shape, wherein after color cut velvet to wet brushing desizing of singing:
(1), cut pile:
Corduroy fabric first carries out broadwise tentering, and then by cut pile device, guide pin inserts in the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth, and under pushing needle bar advances, cut pile circular knife is slit into fine hair the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth;Cut pile technological parameter is as follows: cut pile speed 4.5m/min~6.5 m/min, hobboing cutter rotating speed 700r/min~1000r/min.
In cut pile operation, described guide pin needle point is ball-type, and ball-type diameter is at 0.2-0.3mm, guide pin needle point is toward in the 40-60mm length of backshank direction, guide pin fineness, from needle point 0.2-0.3mm, is gradually transitions 0.5-0.6mm, and the design of guide pin needle point ball shape structure advantageously reduces grey cloth holing and produces;Guide pin fineness differs, and relatively thick by being more carefully transitioned into toward backshank direction from needle point, this part is designed with beneficially guide pin fabric radially floss and does, and reduces bouncing pilotage phenomenon and occurs;
Described pushing needle bar is connected by arm axle with guide pin, during pushing pin, the contact angle 2-7 of guide pin 2-4 and floss grey cloth 1 with pushing needle bar propelling and angle progressively increases to 25 °~30 ° from 5 °, beneficially guide pin fabric during radially floss is done, reduces leakage and cuts holing problem;
(2), to wet brushing:
Grey cloth after cut pile passes through atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit with 15m/min~40 m/min speed, carry out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 100w~50kw, the discharge process time is 10S~60S, after grey cloth is processed by plasma discharge, then carry out jet humidification and bristle process successively;
(3), cut velvet:
After corduroy fabric is dyed, entering cut velvet operation, the corduroy fabric after dyeing sequentially passes through bristle roller, and bristle roller uses 6~8 groups of fur bristle rollers altogether, the rotation direction of 4~6 groups of fur bristle rollers is inverse cloth transmission direction, and the rotation direction of 1~3 group of fur bristle roller is along cloth transmission direction;Corduroy fabric bristle fully after, at the brush through last group forward bristle roller, by sizing groove uniform application composite assistant on corduroy fabric, to increase elasticity, make fine hair through after road shape after there is fine hair effect resistant to lodging;
The formula of described composite assistant, the following composition including by weight percentage:
Environmental-friendly stiffening agent: 40%~60%;
Formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent: 40%~60%
Surplus is deionized water;
Described environmental-friendly stiffening agent is environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865, and described formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent BTCA.
(4), sizing:
Corduroy fabric is after cut velvet operation, enter forming machine and carry out high-temperature shaping, composite assistant on fine hair is cross-linked film forming to obtain lasting straight elevator effect with elastic, and shape and also fine hair can be had elimination stress, the effect of remaining dimensionally-stable property, shaping time is 30s~45s, setting temperature is 150 DEG C~165 DEG C, after sizing, it is thus achieved that have the corduroy fabric finished product of fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
Beneficial effects of the present invention is as follows:
(1) cut pile device it is additionally arranged, optimize cut pile technique, designed by the optimization that guide pin and guide pin are advanced, the ball-type design of guide pin and guide pin progradation starting stage are less with grey cloth angle, advantageously reduce the generation of holing phenomenon, the guide pin progradation starting stage is less with grey cloth angle simultaneously, is not easy to produce Jump-Wei and occurs.And along with the increase of guide pin advance distance, guide pin and grey cloth angle become larger, finally make pick float be cut off completely by circular knife under relatively mitre, advantageously reduce and leakage cut phenomenon.Gradually changing it addition, be transitioned into backshank direction from needle point in guide pin design, it is simple to guide pin fabric radially floss is done, reduce bouncing pilotage, Aculeata distance becomes big simultaneously, makes pick float have some tension finally, advantageously reduces and leakage cut phenomenon.
(2) being additionally arranged atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, before corduroy fabric carries out spraying vapour humidification, first carry out atmospheric plasma pretreatment, by plasma electrion, after making serous coat produce a large amount of crackles, beneficially grey cloth moisture absorption, the rate containing tide improves rapidly.Using plasma technique avoids Typical physical machinery and rubs the loss that matte is brought by method, and reduction is fallen floss and fallen the generation of mao phenomenon.
(3) be additionally arranged cut velvet device, after dyeing, sizing add cut velvet technique before arranging, make fine hair upright by positive and negative bristle, and on last one bristle roller, add auxiliary agent resistant to lodging, then by rear road high-temperature shaping, make fine hair have permanent non-lodging effect.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is corduroy process units overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the cut pile apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the guide pin structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4-1 is the composition schematic diagram of the brush-dewing machine structure of the present invention;
Fig. 4-2 is the atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the cut velvet apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6-1 is the design sketch before common corduroy fabric pressurized;
Fig. 6-2 is the design sketch after common corduroy fabric pressurized;
Fig. 7-1 is the design sketch before the corduroy fabric pressurized resistant to lodging of the present invention;
Fig. 7-2 is the design sketch after the corduroy fabric pressurized resistant to lodging of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention:
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of corduroy process units of the present invention, including the cut pile device 2 set gradually along corduroy fabric 1 feedstock direction, brush-dewing machine structure 3, gassing frame 4, move back and boil rinsing combination machine 5, staining machine 6, cut velvet device 7, Final finishing forming machine 8.Wherein: gassing frame 4, move back and boil rinsing combination machine 5, staining machine 6, Final finishing forming machine 8 and all use prior art, cut pile device 2, brush-dewing machine structure 3 and cut velvet device 7 are described in detail by following emphasis.
Shown in Fig. 2, cut pile device 2 is mainly made up of cut pile circular knife 2-1, cutter shaft 2-2, cut pile platform 2-3, guide pin 2-4, arm axle 2-5, pushing needle bar 2-6, wherein, cut pile circular knife 2-1 and cut pile platform 2-3 is respectively arranged in the both sides of floss grey cloth 1, cut pile circular knife 2-1 is installed on cutter shaft 2-2, guide pin 2-4 is arranged at the lower section of cut pile circular knife 2-1, and pushing needle bar 2-6 is connected by arm axle 2-5 with guide pin 2-4.
As it is shown on figure 3, the needle point 2-4-1 of the guide pin 2-4 of the present invention is designed to ball-type, inserting in the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth 1, under pushing needle bar 2-6 advances, cut pile circular knife 2-1 is slit into fine hair the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth 1.
Further, the needle point 2-4-1 of guide pin 2-4 is ball-type, ball-type diameter is at 0.2-0.3mm, guide pin needle point 2-4-1 gradually broadens along backshank 2-4-2 direction and forms horn-like syringe needle 2-4-3, guide pin needle point is toward in the 40-60mm length of backshank direction, guide pin fineness, from needle point 0.2-0.3mm, is gradually transitions 0.5-0.6mm, be connected with horn-like syringe needle 2-4-3 for rectangle backshank 2-4-2.In the present embodiment, guide pin 2-4 uses the structure design of ball-type needle point 2-4-1, horn-like syringe needle 2-4-3, rectangle backshank 2-4-2, on the one hand, ball-type needle point 2-4-1 advantageously reduces grey cloth holing and produces;On the other hand, the fineness of guide pin 2-4 needle body differs, and relatively thick by being more carefully transitioned into toward backshank 2-4-2 direction from needle point 2-4-1, this part is designed with beneficially guide pin 2-4 and inserts the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth 1, reduces bouncing pilotage phenomenon and occurs.
Further, described guide pin 2-4 is set to 5 °~30 ° with the contact angle 2-7 of floss grey cloth 1, the advantage of this set is: with the propelling of pushing needle bar 2-6, guide pin 2-4 can become larger with the contact angle of floss grey cloth 1, and work as the contact angle propelling with pushing needle bar 2-6 of guide pin 2-4 and floss grey cloth 1, angle becomes larger 25 °~30 ° from 5 °, in this condition, during guide pin 2-4 is easily inserted into the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth 1, without there being leakage to cut and holing problem.
As shown in Fig. 4-1, brush-dewing machine structure 3 is made up of the wetting apparatus 3-1 set gradually and brushing device 3-2, and wherein, brushing device 3-2 uses existing conventional bristles device, and there is no particular restriction, and such as brush board mechanism, does not repeats.Wetting apparatus 3-1 is made up of with steam showers component 3-4 atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit 3-3, atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit 3-3 is placed in before steam showers component 3-4, steam showers component 3-4 uses conventional steam to squirt component, there is no particular restriction, such as jet case, does not repeats.
As shown in the Fig. 4-2, the atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit 3-3 of the present invention, including high-tension electricity roller 3-3-1, ground connection dielectric impedance roller 3-3-2, fabric guide roll 3-3-3, wherein, fabric guide roll 3-3-3 be horizontal homogeneous arrangement be placed on floss grey cloth 1 by direction, some high pressure electric prod 3-3-1 are installed in the surface of floss grey cloth 1, some ground connection dielectric impedance roller 3-3-2 are installed in the underface of floss grey cloth 1, every high pressure electric prod 3-3-1 and every ground connection dielectric impedance roller 3-3-2 is in being correspondingly arranged one group of plasma discharge roller group of composition, preferably, often the line direction of the high pressure electric prod 3-3-1 and ground connection dielectric impedance roller 3-3-2 of group plasma discharge roller group is perpendicular with floss grey cloth 1.
The dielectric material of described ground connection dielectric impedance roller 3-3-2 is preferably quartzy or ceramic,
As shown in Figure 5, cut velvet device 7 includes some groups of reverse bristle roller 7-1 setting gradually along cloth transmission direction and some groups of forward bristle roller 7-2, described reverse bristle roller 7-1 refers to that inverse grey cloth transmission direction carries out bristle, described forward bristle roller 7-2 refers to carry out bristle along grey cloth transmission direction, is provided with sizing groove 7-3 on last group forward bristle roller 7-2.
nullAbove-mentioned process units based on the present invention,Shown in Fig. 1,A kind of production technology of the corduroy of the present invention,Its technological process is as follows: Fig. 1 direction of arrow pressed by floss grey cloth,Enter cut pile device 2,Filling 2 by cut pile makes the pick float on floss grey cloth 1 all cut off,Then floss grey cloth 1 is sent into brush-dewing machine structure 3,Floss grey cloth 1 first passes through atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit 3-3,Make the surface plasma membrane disruption of floss grey cloth 1,Be conducive to the most quickly dewing,Improve rapidly floss grey cloth 1 containing tide rate,Floss grey cloth 1 is by after atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit 3-3,The quick dewing of steam is carried out by steam showers component 3-4,Make fine hair loose by brushing device 3-2 again,Next the floss grey cloth 1 processed is singed by gassing frame 4,Enter to move back after singing and boil rinsing combination machine 5 and carry out the pre-treatment of floss grey cloth 1,Then pass through staining machine 6 to dye,Cloth after dyeing is sent into cut velvet device 7 and carries out napping,And carry out high-temperature shaping process by Final finishing forming machine 8,Cut velvet is made to be difficult to lodging,Then the novel not finished product of falling corduroy is obtained.
Concrete technology step and parameter are as follows:
Corduroy fabric cut pile is boiled to bleaching and dyeing shape after color cut velvet to wet brushing desizing of singing.
1, cut pile:
Corduroy fabric 1 first carries out broadwise tentering, and then by cut pile device 2, guide pin 2-4 inserts in the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth 1, and under pushing needle bar 2-6 advances, cut pile circular knife 2-1 is slit into fine hair the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth 1;Cut pile technological parameter is as follows: cut pile speed 4.5m/min~6.5 m/min, hobboing cutter rotating speed 700r/min~1000r/min.
Described broadwise tentering tentering is to the upper machine fabric width of weaving.
In cut pile operation, described guide pin needle point is ball-type, and ball-type diameter is at 0.2-0.3mm, guide pin needle point is toward in the 40-60mm length of backshank direction, guide pin fineness, from needle point 0.2-0.3mm, is gradually transitions 0.5-0.6mm, and the design of guide pin needle point ball shape structure advantageously reduces grey cloth holing and produces;Guide pin fineness differs, and relatively thick by being more carefully transitioned into toward backshank direction from needle point, this part is designed with beneficially guide pin fabric radially floss and does, and reduces bouncing pilotage phenomenon and occurs.
Described pushing needle bar is connected by arm axle with guide pin, during pushing pin, the contact angle 2-7 of guide pin 2-4 and floss grey cloth 1 with pushing needle bar propelling and angle progressively increases to 25 °~30 ° from 5 °, during this is designed with beneficially guide pin fabric radially floss is done, reduce leakage and cut holing problem.
2, to wet brushing:
Grey cloth after cut pile passes through atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit with 15m/min~40 m/min speed, carry out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 100w~50kw, the discharge process time is 10S~60S, after grey cloth is processed by plasma discharge, then carry out jet humidification and bristle process successively.
Floss grey cloth rate containing tide typically uses the spray direct dewing of vapour case, but owing to there is serous coat on floss grey cloth surface, after process, floss grey cloth is substantially inadequate, for solving this problem containing tide rate, in order to make grey cloth contain, tide rate is big and matte is impaired little, uses dress atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit before spray vapour humidification.With 15m/min~40 m/min speed, grey cloth after cut pile being passed through atmospheric plasma pre-processing device, carries out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 100w~50kw, and the discharge process time is 10S~60S.Grey cloth is by after plasma pretreatment, and the spray vapour case in road and brush board mechanism after entrance, this part is identical with common process, does not repeats.
3, singing before cut velvet, desizing, to boil drift, dyeing identical with common process, does not repeats.
4, cut velvet:
After corduroy fabric is dyed, entering cut velvet operation, conventional corduroy processing does not has this procedure, and for realizing corduroy fine hair non-lodging, the cut velvet operation of the present invention uses positive and negative bristle technique, to ensure that fine hair uprightly enters Final finishing and processes.
Shown in Fig. 5, dyed after corduroy fabric sequentially pass through bristle roller, bristle roller uses 6~8 groups of fur bristle rollers, and the rotation direction of 4~6 groups of fur bristle rollers is inverse cloth transmission direction, and the rotation direction of 1~3 group of fur bristle roller be suitable cloth transmission direction.This design ensure that bristle is abundant, it is ensured that the fine hair on matte has all been brushed.
Corduroy fabric bristle fully after, at the brush through last group forward bristle roller 7-2, by sizing groove 7-3 at corduroy fabric uniform application composite assistant, to increase elasticity, make fine hair through after road shape after there is good fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
The formula of described composite assistant, the following composition including by weight percentage:
Environmental-friendly stiffening agent: 40%~60%;
Formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent: 40%~60%
Surplus is deionized water.
Described environmental-friendly stiffening agent is preferably environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865, and described formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is preferably formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent BTCA.
5, sizing:
Corduroy fabric, after cut velvet operation, enters forming machine and carries out high-temperature shaping, the auxiliary agent on fine hair is cross-linked film forming to obtain lasting straight elevator effect and elasticity, and shapes and also can have elimination stress, the effect of remaining dimensionally-stable property to fine hair.For ensureing fabric dimensionally stable, setting temperature should not be the lowest, but temperature is too high, the change of corduroy color can ratio more serious, shaping time is 30s~45s, to be 150 DEG C~165 DEG C be optimal to setting temperature.
After sizing, it is thus achieved that corduroy fabric have excellence fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
According to production technology of the present invention and equipment, adjust different technological parameters, prepare embodiment in detail below, following example are intended to illustrate under different technology conditions, it is thus achieved that the performance difference of corduroy fabric.
Embodiment 1-3: the effect comparison of different cut pile techniques.
Embodiment 1:
The cotton corduroy fabric 1 using door width to be 2.1m, by cut pile device, first the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth 1 is inserted with guide pin 2-4, this guide pin 2-4 specification is: needle point 2-4-1 is by the ball-type of diameter 0.3mm, guide pin needle point 2-4-1 is toward in the 60mm length of backshank 2-4-2 direction, guide pin fineness is gradually transitions 0.6mm from 0.3mm, and in hereafter arriving backshank 2-4-2, fineness keeps 0.6mm constant.
Floss grey cloth 1 is by work feed transmission mechanism transmission, relative movement is made with guide pin 2-4 direction, cut pile speed is 6.5 m/min, the radial direction floss that pushing needle bar 2-6 promotes guide pin 2-4 to go deep into floss grey cloth 1 by mechanical force is done, pushing needle bar 2-6 is connected by arm axle 2-5 with guide pin 2-4, during pushing needle bar 2-6 advances guide pin 2-4, guide pin 2-4 becomes larger with the contact angle 2-7 of floss grey cloth 1, when contact angle 2-4 arrives 30 °, cut pile circular knife 2-1 is slit into fine hair with hobboing cutter rotating speed 8000r/min the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth 1.
Embodiment 2:
Door width is 2.2 tencels/cotton extra fine corduroy grey cloth 1, and wherein tencel is as warp thread, and cotton as weft yarn, after making napping, matte is made up of cotton entirely, and by this grey cloth by cut pile device, implementation process is consistent with embodiment 1, distinguishes and is to change following several parameter:
A diameter of 0.2mm of needle point 2-4-1, guide pin needle point 2-4-1 are toward in the 55mm length of backshank 2-4-2 direction, and guide pin fineness, from 0.2mm, is gradually transitions 0.5mm, and in hereafter arriving backshank 2-4-2, fineness keeps 0.5mm constant.
Cut pile speed is 5.5 m/min;When contact angle 2-7 arrives 28 °, cut pile circular knife 2-1 is slit into fine hair with hobboing cutter rotating speed 8000r/min the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth 1.
Embodiment 3: conventional cut pile technique.
The effect of embodiment 1,2 with conventional cut pile technique is compareed, obtains table 1.
Table 1: embodiment 1 embodiment 2 and conventional cut pile process ration situation.
Project Embodiment 1 Embodiment 1 Conventional cut pile technique
Cut loss rate/% 0.5 0.6 ≥2.5
Fine hair fraction defective/% 1.2 1.0 ≥5.0
Bouncing pilotage rate/time/hundred meters 50 45 ≥60
As shown in table 1, the present invention is by the improvement to cut pile device, meanwhile, by guide pin contact angle and cut pile speed, the technology controlling and process of hobboing cutter rotating speed, reduces bouncing pilotage phenomenon, leaks and cut the problems such as holing, thus effectively reduce and cut loss rate.
Embodiment 4:
By the grey cloth 1 after cut pile with 15m/min speed by atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, carry out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 20kw, the discharge process time is 20S, grey cloth 1 is by after plasma pretreatment, the spray vapour case in road and brush board mechanism after entrance, carry out jet humidification and bristle processes.
Embodiment 5:
By the grey cloth 1 after cut pile with 30m/min speed by atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit, carrying out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 30kw, and the discharge process time is 15S.Grey cloth 1 is by after plasma pretreatment, and road spray vapour case and brush board mechanism after entrance, carry out jet humidification and bristle processes.
Embodiment 6:
Cut velvet technique uses 6 groups of bristle roller bristle techniques, wherein reverse bristle roller 7-1 is against cloth 1 direction of motion 4 groups, forward bristle roller 7-2 uses 2 groups along cloth 1 direction, for ensureing cut velvet effect, on last group forward bristle roller 7-2 brush, there is the composite assistant of stiffening function to increase elasticity through sizing groove 7-3 uniform application, after cut velvet, forming machine after cloth 1 entrance, shaping time is 30s, setting temperature is 165 DEG C, and the corduroy fabric after sizing has fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
The composite assistant of the present embodiment, formula composition is as follows: the percentage by weight of environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865 is 40%, and the percentage by weight of formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is 40%, deionized water 20%.
Embodiment 7:
Cut velvet technique uses 8 groups of bristle roller bristle techniques, wherein reverse bristle roller 7-1 is against cloth 1 direction of motion 6 groups, forward bristle roller 7-2 uses 2 groups along cloth 1 direction, for ensureing cut velvet effect, on last group forward bristle roller 7-2 brush, there is the composite assistant of stiffening function to increase elasticity through sizing groove 7-3 uniform application.After cut velvet, forming machine after cloth 1 entrance, shaping time is 40s, setting temperature is 160 DEG C.Corduroy fabric after sizing has fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
The composite assistant of the present embodiment, formula composition is as follows: the percentage by weight of environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865 is 50%, and the percentage by weight of formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is 45%, deionized water 5%.
Embodiment 8:
Cut velvet technique uses 8 groups of bristle roller bristle techniques, wherein reverse bristle roller 7-1 is against cloth 1 direction of motion 5 groups, forward bristle roller 7-2 uses 3 groups along cloth 1 direction, for ensureing cut velvet effect, on last group forward bristle roller 7-2 brush, there is the composite assistant of stiffening function to increase elasticity through sizing groove 7-3 uniform application.After cut velvet, forming machine after cloth entrance, shaping time is 45s, setting temperature is 150 DEG C.Corduroy fabric after sizing has fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
The composite assistant of the present embodiment, formula composition is as follows: the percentage by weight of environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865 is 55%, and the percentage by weight of formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is 40%, deionized water 5%.
Effect detection:
Corduroy fabric prepared by the present invention, there is the most outstanding fine hair effect resistant to lodging, be the effect comparison before and after common corduroy fabric pressurized with reference to Fig. 6-1,6-2, as can be seen from the figure, after common corduroy fabric pressurized, surface fine hair occurs in that large-area lodging;Fig. 7-1,7-2 show the effect comparison before and after the corduroy fabric pressurized resistant to lodging of embodiment 8 preparation, as can be seen from the figure, the corduroy fabric resistant to lodging of the present invention, owing to processing through bristle, plasma pretreatment, cut velvet, fine hair is the most smooth, substantially without lodging, and after pressurized, fine hair lodging is less, and before and after pressurized, change is little.

Claims (2)

1. the production technology of a corduroy fabric, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps: corduroy fabric cut pile is boiled to bleaching and dyeing shape, wherein after color cut velvet to wet brushing desizing of singing:
(1), cut pile:
Corduroy fabric first carries out broadwise tentering, and then by cut pile device, guide pin inserts in the radial direction floss lane of floss grey cloth, and under pushing needle bar advances, cut pile circular knife is slit into fine hair the pick float yarn on floss grey cloth;Cut pile technological parameter is as follows: cut pile speed 4.5m/min~6.5 m/min, hobboing cutter rotating speed 700r/min~1000r/min;
In cut pile operation, described guide pin needle point is ball-type, and ball-type diameter is at 0.2-0.3mm, guide pin needle point is toward in the 40-60mm length of backshank direction, guide pin fineness, from needle point 0.2-0.3mm, is gradually transitions 0.5-0.6mm, and the design of guide pin needle point ball shape structure advantageously reduces grey cloth holing and produces;Guide pin fineness differs, and relatively thick by being more carefully transitioned into toward backshank direction from needle point, this part is designed with beneficially guide pin fabric radially floss and does, and reduces bouncing pilotage phenomenon and occurs;
Described pushing needle bar is connected by arm axle with guide pin, during pushing pin, the contact angle of guide pin and floss grey cloth with pushing needle bar propelling and angle progressively increases to 25 °~30 ° from 5 °, beneficially guide pin fabric during radially floss is done, reduces leakage and cuts holing problem;
(2), to wet brushing:
Grey cloth after cut pile passes through atmospheric plasma pretreatment unit with 15m/min~40 m/min speed, carry out plasma discharge process, plasma discharge power is 100w~50kw, the discharge process time is 10S~60S, after grey cloth is processed by plasma discharge, then carry out jet humidification and bristle process successively;
(3), cut velvet:
After corduroy fabric is dyed, entering cut velvet operation, the corduroy fabric after dyeing sequentially passes through bristle roller, and bristle roller uses 6~8 groups of fur bristle rollers altogether, the rotation direction of 4~6 groups of fur bristle rollers is inverse cloth transmission direction, and the rotation direction of 1~3 group of fur bristle roller is along cloth transmission direction;Corduroy fabric bristle fully after, at the brush through last group forward bristle roller, by sizing groove uniform application composite assistant on corduroy fabric, to increase elasticity, make fine hair through after road shape after there is fine hair effect resistant to lodging;
The formula of described composite assistant, the following composition including by weight percentage:
Environmental-friendly stiffening agent: 40%~60%;
Formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent: 40%~60%
Surplus is deionized water;
(4), sizing:
Corduroy fabric is after cut velvet operation, enter forming machine and carry out high-temperature shaping, composite assistant on fine hair is cross-linked film forming to obtain lasting straight elevator effect with elastic, and shape and also fine hair can be had elimination stress, the effect of remaining dimensionally-stable property, shaping time is 30s~45s, setting temperature is 150 DEG C~165 DEG C, after sizing, it is thus achieved that have the corduroy fabric finished product of fine hair effect resistant to lodging.
The production technology of a kind of corduroy fabric the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described environmental-friendly stiffening agent is environmental-friendly stiffening agent LD-4865, and described formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent is formaldehyde-free crease-proofing finishing agent BTCA.
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CN101205653A (en) * 2007-12-18 2008-06-25 盛虹集团有限公司 Flashing frazil ice corduroy fabric
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