CN104457436B - A kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104457436B
CN104457436B CN201410656416.9A CN201410656416A CN104457436B CN 104457436 B CN104457436 B CN 104457436B CN 201410656416 A CN201410656416 A CN 201410656416A CN 104457436 B CN104457436 B CN 104457436B
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China
Prior art keywords
hexagon
cylinder
motor
panel
firecracker cake
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CN201410656416.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104457436A (en
Inventor
刘国平
方滨
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Nanchang University
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Nanchang University
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Publication of CN104457436A publication Critical patent/CN104457436A/en
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Publication of CN104457436B publication Critical patent/CN104457436B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake, including pay-off, group cake shaped device, clamping device;It is characterized in that: also include bottom closing device and cutter sweep;Firecracker cake can be divided into two by the present invention effectively, rapid shaping, realizes clamping sizing rapidly;Realize multistation automatic integratedization in firecrackers production process to produce, dramatically saves on human resources, improve work efficiency, solve labour force's problem in short supply;The present invention utilizes a kind of fast remover-and-replacer of brand-new hexagon to replace rope to tie up fixing to hexagon firecracker cake, the repeatable of fixture can be realized recycle, not only during operation without lifting an eyebrow, and automaticity is significantly high, greatly saved production cost and achieve environmental protection can the theory of automated production;The each component modelsization design of the present invention, installation, can be sized according to product, easy to operate, safeguards quick.

Description

A kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of full-automatic integral machine, particularly relate to a kind of hexagon firecracker cake that is exclusively used in and automatically organize the all-in-one of cake, cutting, back cover;It is applied to firecrackers production field.
Background technology
It is significantly increased under the background day by day high with recruitment cost in fireworks volume of production and marketing, the mechanization that fireworks is produced requires also increasingly stronger, wherein the production technology of firecrackers mainly include reel, group cake, cutting, back cover, insert draw, the operation such as powder charge, sealing solidify, knot whip;Owing to the technological process of production of current firecrackers is complicated, what some station adopted is all also traditional manual mode, disclosure satisfy that the requirement of mechanization production but without applicable machinery, therefore its production efficiency is extremely low, it has also become one of bottleneck of restriction firecrackers large-scale production;
Although prior art also there being some associated mechanical achieve the mechanization production to part station, but all can only carry out independent machinery production with regard to wherein certain station, cannot realize that firecrackers carry out multistation automatic integratedization to produce, be difficult to meet the actual requirement that full automatic mechanical produces.
Summary of the invention
For making up the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides the full-automatic integral machine of a kind of simple in construction;This one function is disposable realizes the arrangement of hexagon firecracker cake, combination forming, clamping sizing, back cover and cutting;It is advantageously implemented multiple station automatic integratedization in firecracker cake production process to produce, drastically increases the production efficiency of firecracker cake;The whole operating process of this all-in-one is simple, automaticity is high, meets the demand produced;
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts the technical scheme that:
A kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake, including pay-off, group cake shaped device, clamping device;Described pay-off includes charging hopper, fixed support, conveyer belt, strip-shaped baffle and adjustable motor;Described charging hopper is arranged on fixed support;The tail end of described conveyer belt is arranged on the lower section of charging hopper;Described adjustable motor is arranged on the tail end of conveyer belt, and is connected with the first rolling cylinder on conveyer belt;Described conveyer belt is provided with strip-shaped baffle;Described group of cake shaped device includes frame, feed hopper and guide plate;Described feed hopper is arranged on the top of frame;Being arranged right below two and independent wave screen cylinder of described feed hopper outlet;Described guide plate is arranged on the headwall of feed hopper;Described clamping device includes gripping body, fixture database;Described fixture database is arranged on the both sides of group cake shaped device;Described gripping body is arranged on the front end of group cake shaped device;It is characterized in that: also include bottom closing device and cutter sweep;Described bottom closing device includes elastic needle plate, fixed mount, round end thimble;Described elastic needle plate is provided with circular port;Described round end thimble is arranged in this circular port;Described cutter sweep includes circular shear blade and the first motor;Described circular shear blade is fixed by the first motor nut;Described clamping device also includes travel mechanism;Described travel mechanism is arranged on the tail end of gripping body;
The described back side waving screen cylinder is provided with the first crank and rocker mechanism;Described first crank and rocker mechanism includes a first connecting rod, a first crank block and a rotating shaft;Tail end and the first crank block of described first connecting rod are connected;Described rotating shaft is provided with belt pulley, is the first belt pulley;Described first belt pulley is provided with belt, is the first belt;The centre of described frame is provided with panel, is the first panel;Described first panel is provided with the second motor;Described second motor is connected with described first belt pulley by this first belt.
Described wave screen cylinder be connected with two parallel blanking channels;The upper end of described blanking channel is provided with swing panel;The back side of described swing panel is provided with the second crank and rocker mechanism;Described second crank and rocker mechanism includes second connecting rod, the second crank block and the 3rd motor;
The lower end of described blanking channel is provided with the first pressing plate;Described first pressing plate is connected to the cylinder controlling its action, is the first cylinder;
Described blanking channel be connected with splicing support;Described splicing support be connected with cylinder, be the second cylinder;Described blanking channel is connected with a hexagon mould that can simultaneously carry out two firecracker cake group cakes;Described hexagon mould is pneumatic with described second cylinder to be connected;The lower end of described hexagon mould is provided with splicing electromagnetic vibrator;Described splicing electromagnetic vibrator is fixed on splicing support;Described hexagon mould is fixed on described splicing support by this splicing electromagnetic vibrator;The back side of described hexagon mould is provided with a scraping wings, is the first scraping wings;Described first scraping wings is provided with driving rack;Described first panel is additionally provided with a motor, is the 4th motor;The motor shaft of described 4th motor is provided with gear;Described driving rack is connected with described gear, thus the first scraping wings and the 4th motor being linked together;
The front end of described frame is provided with panel, is the second panel;Described second panel is provided with orientation lever;Described orientation lever is fixedly welded on the second panel;Described hexagon mould is provided with linear bearing;Described hexagon mould passes through this linear bearing linear slide on orientation lever;
Described fixture database is provided with the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon;The front of described fixture database is provided with discharge flapper;The back side of described discharge flapper is provided with cylinder, is the 3rd cylinder;Described discharge flapper and the 3rd pneumatic connection of cylinder;
The tail end of described fixture database is provided with a motor for replenishing forward the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon, is the 5th motor;Described fixture database be connected with a warehouse for finished product;The front end of described warehouse for finished product is provided with a scraping wings, is the second scraping wings;It is provided with cylinder before described second scraping wings, is the 4th cylinder;Described 4th cylinder and the pneumatic connection of the second scraping wings;
Described travel mechanism includes the first directed guide rail;Described first directed guide rail is provided with the sliding shoe moved linearly on the first directed guide rail, is the first sliding shoe;Described first sliding shoe be arranged over two cylinders, be the 5th cylinder;Described first sliding shoe and the 5th pneumatic connection of cylinder;Described first sliding shoe be respectively arranged at two ends with a moving guide rail up and down;Described moving guide rail is provided with draw-in groove;Hexagon clamp frame it is provided with in described draw-in groove;The left and right sides of described hexagon clamp frame is provided with two cylinders, respectively the 6th cylinder, the 7th cylinder;Described 6th cylinder and the 7th cylinder are arranged in frame;Described 6th cylinder is pneumatic with described hexagon clamp frame to be connected;Described 7th cylinder is pneumatic with described hexagon clamp frame to be connected;
Described fixed mount is provided with guide bar;Described guide bar is connected with the clamping plate moved back and forth together with this guide bar;Described clamping plate is provided with screw;Described elastic needle plate is fixed on clamping plate by this screw;Described clamping plate is provided with connecting rod, for third connecting rod;Described third connecting rod is provided with bent axle;Described frame is provided with bearing;Described bent axle is arranged in this bearing;Described fixed mount is additionally provided with a motor, is the 6th motor;The motor shaft of described 6th motor is provided with belt, is the second belt;Described 6th motor is connected with bent axle by this second belt;
Compared with prior art, adopt such scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: one, be automatically finished the function that the arrangement of hexagon firecracker cake, combination forming, clamping sizing, back cover and cutting firecracker cake are divided into two, shaping speed is fast, and clamping sizing is firmly effective, and back cover and cutting are neat, realize multistation automatic integratedization in firecrackers production process to produce, dramatically saves on human resources, improve work efficiency, solve labour force's problem in short supply;Two, utilize a kind of fast remover-and-replacer of brand-new hexagon to replace rope to tie up fixing to hexagon firecracker cake, the repeatable of fixture can be realized recycle, not only during operation without lifting an eyebrow, and automaticity is significantly high, greatly saved production cost and achieve environmental protection can the theory of automated production;Three, each component modelsization design, installation, can be sized according to product, easy to operate, safeguards quick.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the other direction structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the group cake apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is bottom closing device in the present invention, group cake apparatus structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is clamp device structural side view in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is clamp device structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is bottom closing device structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is fixture database structural representation in the present invention;
Wherein, 1, charging hopper;2, conveyer belt;3, strip-shaped baffle;4, fixed support;5, frame;6, the second bearing block;7, the first crank block;8, rotating shaft;9, guide plate;10, feed hopper;11, screen cylinder is waved;12, clutch shaft bearing seat;13, panel is swung;14, blanking channel;15, first cylinder is rolled;16, adjustable motor;17, the 4th motor;18, the first scraping wings;19, directed block;20, the first belt;21, the first belt pulley;22, head rod;23, the first manhole;24, the 3rd panel;25, first connecting rod;26, the first earphone plate;27, the first fastener;28, the second motor;30, the first panel;31, the 9th cylinder;32, the second pressing plate;33, hexagon frame;34, the first motor;35, circular shear blade;36, second connecting rod;37, the second crank block;38, the motor shaft of the 3rd motor;39, the 3rd motor;40, the first cylinder;41, the first briquetting;42, linear bearing;43, the second panel;44, orientation lever;45, hexagon mould;46, splicing electromagnetic vibrator;47, splicing support;48, the second cylinder;49, the second spring;50, guide bar;51, bent axle;52, third connecting rod;53, the 6th motor;54, the second belt;55, bearing;56, elastic needle plate;57, round end thimble;58, clamping plate;59, gripping cylindrical bar;60, the 3rd spring;61, the second cam disc;62, the first spring;63, the 9th motor;64, the 4th sliding shoe;65, the second guided way;66, positioning seat;67, the 7th motor;68, the 8th motor;69, the first cam disc;70, hexagon clamp frame;71, the 4th spring;72, separation module;73, moving guide rail;74, stuck-module;75, the 5th cylinder;76, the first directed guide rail;77, the second sliding shoe;78, the second directed guide rail;79, the 4th cylinder;80, the second scraping wings;81, warehouse for finished product;82, discharge flapper;83, the 3rd cylinder;84, fixture database;85, the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon;86, the 5th motor;87, the 7th cylinder;88, the 6th cylinder;89, the 3rd bearing block;101, screw;102, sliding panel;103, the second gear;104, the second tooth bar;A, rotation bar;B, the first tooth bar;C, the first gear;D, the first sliding shoe;E, draw-in groove;F, fixed mount;G, nut.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake, including pay-off, group cake shaped device, clamping device, bottom closing device and cutter sweep;
Described pay-off includes charging hopper 1, fixed support 4, conveyer belt 2, strip-shaped baffle 3 and adjustable motor 16;Described charging hopper 1 is arranged on fixed support 4;Described conveyer belt 2 is arranged on fixed support 4, inclined shape;The tail end of described conveyer belt 2 is arranged on the lower section of charging hopper 1;Described adjustable motor 16 is arranged on the tail end of conveyer belt 2, and is connected with the first rolling cylinder 15 on conveyer belt 2;Described conveyer belt 2 is provided with strip-shaped baffle 3;
Described group of cake shaped device includes frame 5, feed hopper 10 and guide plate 9;Described feed hopper 10 is arranged on the top of frame 5;Described guide plate 9 is arranged in the headwall of feed hopper 10;Described feed hopper 10 is additionally provided with a cylinder, is the 8th cylinder (not marking in figure);Described 8th cylinder is pneumatic with described guide plate 9 to be connected;The firecracker cake being placed in feed hopper 10, under the promotion of the 8th cylinder, is distributed to two and is waved screen cylinder 11 by described guide plate 9;
The front end of described frame 5 is provided with four bearing blocks, for clutch shaft bearing seat 12;Described clutch shaft bearing seat 12 is fixed with frame 5 bolt;It is provided with one between said two clutch shaft bearing seat 12 and waves screen cylinder 11, have two and wave screen cylinder 11;Said two is waved screen cylinder 11 and is independently provided separately;Described wave the lower section that screen cylinder 11 is arranged on the outlet of feed hopper 10;The described bottom waving screen cylinder 11 is provided with two rotation bar A;Described rotation bar A rolls with described clutch shaft bearing seat 12 and is connected, and links together thus screen cylinder 11 will be waved with clutch shaft bearing seat 12;
The described back side waving screen cylinder 11 is provided with the first crank and rocker mechanism;Described first crank and rocker mechanism includes 25, first crank block 7 of a first connecting rod and a rotating shaft 8;
The centre of described frame 5 is provided with panel, is the 3rd panel 24;Described 3rd panel 24 is provided with two bearing blocks, is the second bearing block 6;Described second bearing block 6 is fixed with frame 5 bolt;Described rotating shaft 8 is arranged on the centre of the second bearing block 6, and the two ends of rotating shaft 8 roll with the second bearing block 6 respectively and are connected;
Described clutch shaft bearing seat the 12, second bearing block 6 is " Ω " type bearing support;
The described dorsal part waving screen cylinder 11 is provided with semicircle earphone plate, is the first earphone plate 26;Described first earphone plate 26 is provided with active card component, is the first fastener 27;The front end of described first connecting rod 25 is provided with manhole, is the first manhole (not indicating in figure);Described first manhole (not indicating in figure) and described first fastener 27 are connected together, thus being connected with the described screen cylinder 11 that waves by first connecting rod 25;Described first crank block 7 is provided with a connecting rod, for head rod 22;The tail end of described first connecting rod 25 also is provided with a manhole, is the second manhole 23;Described second manhole 23 rolls with described head rod 22 and is connected, thus being connected with the first crank block 7 by first connecting rod 25;
The middle part of described rotating shaft 8 is provided with a belt pulley, is the first belt pulley 21;Described first belt pulley 21 is connected with rotating shaft 8 close-fitting by the through hole at its center;Described first belt pulley 21 is provided with belt, is the first belt 20;
Described first panel 30 is provided with a motor, is the second motor 28;Described second motor 28 is connected with described first belt pulley 21 by this first belt 20;Described second motor 28 drives the first belt pulley 21, rotating shaft 8 constantly to rotate by the first belt 20, makes to wave screen cylinder 11 constantly reciprocally swinging;
The described upper end entrance waving screen cylinder 11 is identical with the outlet size of described feed hopper 10;
Described wave screen cylinder 11 be connected with two parallel blanking channels 14;The upper end of described blanking channel 14 is provided with the swing panel 13 of a transparent visual;The back side of described swing panel 13 is provided with the second crank and rocker mechanism;Described second crank and rocker mechanism includes second connecting rod the 36, second crank block 37 and the 3rd motor 39;Described second crank block 37 is arranged on the motor shaft 38 of the 3rd motor 39;
The back side of described swing panel 13 also is provided with a semicircle earphone plate, is the second earphone plate (for indicating in figure);Described second earphone plate is provided with active card component, is the second fastener (for indicating in figure);The front end of described second connecting rod 36 is provided with manhole, is the 3rd manhole (for indicating in figure);Described 3rd manhole and described second fastener are connected together, thus being connected with described swing panel 13 by second connecting rod 36;Described second crank block 37 is provided with a connecting rod, is the second connecting rod (for indicating in figure);The tail end of described second connecting rod 36 also is provided with a manhole, is the 4th manhole (for indicating in figure);Described 4th manhole rolls with described second connecting rod and is connected, thus being connected with the second crank block 37 by second connecting rod 36;Drive swing panel 13 to swing by the rotation of the 3rd motor 39, arrange the firecracker cylinder fallen in blanking channel 14;
The lower end of described blanking channel 14 is provided with a pressing plate, is the first pressing plate 41;Described first pressing plate 41 is connected to the cylinder controlling its action, is the first cylinder 40;When material filled by hexagon mould 45, described first pressing plate 41 compresses the firecracker cylinder of whereabouts under the effect of the first cylinder 40, stops firecracker cylinder to continue to fall and fill hexagon mould 45;
Described blanking channel 14 be connected with splicing support 47;Described splicing support 47 be connected with cylinder, be the second cylinder 48;Described blanking channel 14 is connected with a hexagon mould 45 that can simultaneously carry out two firecracker cake group cakes;The shape of opening, size above described hexagon mould 45 are corresponding with the outlet of described blanking channel 14;Described hexagon mould 45 is pneumatic with described second cylinder 48 to be connected;
The lower end of described hexagon mould 45 is provided with splicing electromagnetic vibrator 46;Described splicing electromagnetic vibrator 46 is fixed on splicing support 47;Described hexagon mould 45 is arranged on described splicing support 47 by this splicing electromagnetic vibrator 46;
The front end of described frame 5 is provided with panel, is the second panel 43;Described second panel 43 is provided with orientation lever 44;Described orientation lever 44 is fixedly welded on the second panel 43;Described hexagon mould 45 is provided with linear bearing 42;Described linear bearing 42 coordinates with orientation lever 44;Described hexagon mould 45 is slided along orientation lever 44 by this linear bearing 42;
The back side of described hexagon mould 45 is provided with a scraping wings, is the first scraping wings 18;Described first scraping wings 18 is provided with driving rack, is the first tooth bar B;Described first panel 30 is additionally provided with a motor, is the 4th motor 17;The motor shaft of described 4th motor 17 is provided with gear, is the first gear C;Described first tooth bar B is connected with described first gear C, thus the first scraping wings 18 and the 4th motor 17 being linked together;
The back side of described hexagon mould 45 is additionally provided with a directed block 19 for keeping the first scraping wings 18 to move along a straight line;Described directed block 19 is fixing with described frame 5 bolt to be connected;
The front end of described hexagon mould 45 is provided with a hexagon frame 33 that can simultaneously two hexagon firecracker cakes be shaped;Described hexagon frame 33 is provided with pressing plate, is the second pressing plate 32;On described second pressing plate 32, the pneumatic cylinder being connected to its action of control, is the 9th cylinder 31;When hexagon firecracker cake is just being pushed into hexagon frame 33, the second pressing plate 32 being arranged on hexagon frame 33 slightly lifts under the effect of the 9th cylinder 31, so that the hexagon firecracker cake that group cake is good below is pushed in hexagon frame 33, and is pushed into by hexagon firecracker cake stereotyped before in the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon and clamps;
When hexagon mould 45 arrives upper limit by the second cylinder 48 upwards splicing, first cylinder 40 acts on the first pressing plate 41 and unclamps the firecracker cylinder of whereabouts and start blanking, now splicing electromagnetic vibrator 46 starts, the meeting rollback at once when the second cylinder 48 arrives upper limit, the process of rollback reaches the effect of the vibration moulding on one side of blanking on one side, when the second cylinder 48 is retracted into lower limit, closing splicing electromagnetic vibrator 46, the first cylinder 40 acts on the first pressing plate 41 and compresses the firecracker cylinder stopping blanking falling;
When after the hexagon mould good hexagon firecracker cake of 45 groups of cakes, hexagon firecracker cake is pushed away people in hexagon frame 33 by being connected to the rack and pinion drive mechanism of the 4th motor 17 by the first scraping wings 18, meanwhile the 9th cylinder 31 effect slightly is by the second slight lifting of pressing plate 32 on hexagon frame 33, and the hexagon firecracker cake that after convenient, group cake is good is pushed in hexagon frame 33;When just having organized the good hexagon firecracker cake of cake below and being pushed in hexagon frame 33, leave the hexagon firecracker cake in hexagon frame 33 before in and be pushed in the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon above immediately and clamp;The hexagon firecracker cake being pushed in hexagon frame 33 is compressed by the second pressing plate 32 under the effect of the 9th cylinder 31 afterwards, waits next action;
Described clamping device includes gripping body, fixture database 84 and travel mechanism;Described fixture database 84 is arranged on the both sides of group cake shaped device;Described gripping body is arranged on the front end of group cake shaped device;Described travel mechanism is arranged on the tail end of gripping body;
Described fixture database 84 is provided with the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon;The front of described fixture database 84 is provided with discharge flapper 82;The back side of described discharge flapper 82 is provided with cylinder, is the 3rd cylinder 83;Described discharge flapper 82 is pneumatic with the 3rd cylinder 83 to be connected;
The tail end of described fixture database 84 is provided with a motor for replenishing forward the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon, is the 5th motor 86;Described fixture database 84 be connected with a warehouse for finished product 81;The front end of described warehouse for finished product 81 is provided with a scraping wings, is the second scraping wings 80;It is provided with cylinder before described second scraping wings 80, is the 4th cylinder 79;Described 4th cylinder 79 is pneumatic with the second scraping wings 80 to be connected;
It is provided with directed guide rail in described travel mechanism, is the first directed guide rail 76;Described first directed guide rail 76 is arranged in frame 5;Described first directed guide rail 76 is provided with the sliding shoe moved linearly on the first directed guide rail 77, is the first sliding shoe D;Described first sliding shoe D is arranged over two cylinders, is the 5th cylinder 75;The described first pneumatic connection of sliding shoe D and the five cylinder 75;Described first sliding shoe D is respectively arranged at two ends with a moving guide rail 73 up and down;Described moving guide rail 73 is provided with draw-in groove E;It is provided with hexagon clamp frame 70 in described draw-in groove E;The left and right sides of described hexagon clamp frame 70 is provided with two cylinders, respectively the 6th cylinder the 88, the 7th cylinder 87;Described 6th cylinder 88 and the 7th cylinder 87 are arranged in frame 5;Described 6th cylinder 88 is pneumatic with described hexagon clamp frame 70 to be connected;Described 7th cylinder 87 is pneumatic with described hexagon clamp frame 70 to be connected;It is provided with spring between described hexagon clamp frame 70, is the 4th spring 71;
Described bottom closing device includes elastic needle plate 56, fixed mount F, round end thimble 57;Described elastic needle plate 56 is provided with circular port (not indicating in figure);Described round end thimble 57 is arranged in this circular port (not indicating in figure);
It also is provided with a directed guide rail in described gripping body, is the second directed guide rail 78;Described second directed guide rail 78 is arranged in frame 5;Described second directed guide rail 78 is provided with and prolongs the sliding shoe of rectilinear movement on the second directed guide rail 78, for the second sliding shoe 77;Described the second sliding shoe 77 is connected with sliding panel 102;Described sliding panel 102 is additionally provided with a directed guide rail, is the 3rd directed guide rail 65;Described 3rd directed guide rail 65 is vertically arranged with the described second directed guide rail 78;Described 3rd directed guide rail 65 is provided with the positioning seat 66 that the 3rd directed guide rail 65 moves;
Described frame 5 is additionally provided with a motor, is the 7th motor 67;The motor shaft of described 7th motor 67 is provided with gear, is the second gear 103;Described the second sliding shoe 77 is provided with tooth bar, is the second tooth bar 104;Described second gear 103 is connected with described second tooth bar 104, thus being connected with described second slide block by the 7th motor 67;
Described sliding panel 102 is additionally provided with a motor, is the 8th motor 68;The motor shaft of described 8th motor 68 is provided with gear, is the 3rd gear;Described positioning seat 66 is provided with tooth bar, is the 3rd tooth bar;Described 3rd gear is connected with described 3rd tooth bar, thus being connected with described positioning seat 66 by the 8th motor 68;
Described sliding panel 102 is provided with positioning seat 66;Described positioning seat 66 is connected with the described 3rd directed guide rail 65, and positioning seat 66 can prolong the 3rd directed guide rail 65 rectilinear motion;Described positioning seat 66 is fixed with a stuck-module 74;Described stuck-module 74 is provided with the first cam disc 69, for the 9th motor 63 driving the first cam disc 69 to rotate, gripping cylindrical bar 59 and separation module 72;Described 9th motor 63 is fixed with stuck-module 74 bolt;The motor shaft of described 9th motor 63 is connected with the square hole interference fit on the first described cam disc 69;Being additionally provided with bearing block on described stuck-module 74, be the 3rd bearing block 89, described 3rd bearing block 89 carries out vent stem matched in clearance with described gripping cylindrical bar 59 and is connected;Described separation module 72 is provided with square right cylinder;Described stuck-module 74 is provided with square hole;Described square right cylinder and described square hole matched in clearance, thus being assemblied in described separation module 72 on described stuck-module 74;
Described separation module 72 be provided with the second cam disc 61, for contact with the second cam disc 61 coordinate sliding shoe, be the 4th sliding shoe 64;Square right cylinder on described second cam disc 61 and the square hole matched in clearance on the first cam disc 69 connect;Described 4th sliding shoe 64 is slidably matched with separation module 72;Circular hole on described gripping cylindrical bar 59 traverse sliding shoe;
It is provided with a spring between described stuck-module 74 and gripping cylindrical bar 59, is the first spring 62;
It is provided with spring between described stuck-module 74 and described separation module 72, is the 3rd spring 60;
Described positioning seat 66 first passes through the 8th motor 68 and navigates to fixture database 84 position, then under the promotion of the 7th motor 67, the six roots of sensation is gripped cylindrical bar 59 and is inserted in the circular hole in the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon, and utilize the 9th motor 63 to control first cam disc the 69, second cam disc 61 to carry out slight ground synchronous axial system and promote six roots of sensation gripping cylindrical bar 59 slightly to strut, in order to will the gripping cylindrical bar 59 clamping fast remover-and-replacer 85 of two hexagons simultaneously firmly;Promote positioning seat 66 by two hexagon fast remover-and-replacers 85 simultaneously from the inner taking-up of fixture database 84 and move to firecracker cylinder and become the position corresponding to hexagon again through the 8th motor 68, recycle the 9th motor 63 and control the first cam disc 69, second cam disc 61 carries out synchronously rotating promotion six roots of sensation gripping cylindrical bar 59 and continues to strut the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon, meanwhile the 7th cylinder 87, 6th cylinder 88 acts on hexagon clamp frame 70 and is expanded by the hexagon in hexagon clamp frame 70, 7th motor 67 promote positioning seat 66 by two against the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon be sent in hexagon clamp frame 70, then under the centrifugation of separation module 72, two fast remover-and-replacers of hexagon 85 are separated fixing positional distance, wait that hexagon firecracker cake is pushed into, when the hexagon firecracker cake in hexagon frame 33 is pushed in the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon by the first scraping wings 18, again through rotating the first cam disc 69, second cam disc 61 is by fast for hexagon remover-and-replacer 85 synchronous, and utilize the spring attachment force of the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon self to be clamped in firmly on firecracker cake by fixture, realize the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon 85 and hexagon firecracker cake is carried out self-holding function, meanwhile the 7th cylinder action makes hexagon clamp frame 70 clamp the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon and hexagon firecracker cake under the action of the spring, then the 7th motor 67 promotes positioning seat 66 to exit hexagon clamp frame 70, wait next action;
Described bottom closing device includes elastic needle plate 56, fixed mount F, round end thimble 57;Described elastic needle plate 56 is provided with circular port (not indicating in figure);Described round end thimble 57 is arranged in this circular port;
Described fixed mount F is provided with guide bar 50;Described guide bar 50 is provided with and prolongs the clamping plate 58 that this guide bar 50 reciprocates;Described clamping plate 58 is provided with screw 101;Described elastic needle plate 56 is fixed on clamping plate 58 by this screw 101;Described clamping plate 58 is provided with connecting rod, for third connecting rod 52;Described third connecting rod 52 is provided with bent axle 51;Described fixed mount F is provided with bearing 55;Described bent axle 51 is arranged in this bearing 55;Described fixed mount F is additionally provided with a motor, is the 6th motor 53;The motor shaft of described 6th motor 53 is provided with driving belt, is the second driving belt 54;Described 6th motor 53 is connected with bent axle 51 by this second driving belt 54;
Described cutter sweep includes circular shear blade 35 and the first motor 34;Described circular shear blade 35 and the first motor 34 nut G fix;Described first motor 34 is arranged on fixed mount F, drives circular shear blade 35 high speed rotating;
Two bottom sealing systems it are provided with in the both sides of circular shear blade 35, including elastic needle plate 56, it is inserted in the round end thimble 57 in elastic needle plate 56 aperture, elastic needle plate 56 is connected with clamping plate 58 by screw 101, clamping plate 58 can be made back and forth left by guide bar 50 in frame 5, right horizontal shuttle, guide bar 50 is provided with the second spring 49, bent axle 51 connects clamping plate 58 by third connecting rod 52, and be arranged in the bearing 55 on fixed mount F, 6th motor 53 is rotated by the second belt 54 band dynamic crankshaft 51, elastic needle plate 56 is promoted to move back and forth in the horizontal direction by third connecting rod 52;
Clamp the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon and hexagon firecracker cake when hexagon clamp frame 70 after, 5th cylinder 75 starts to promote the first sliding shoe D, moving guide rail 73, hexagon clamp frame 70, hexagon firecracker cake rectilinear motion downwardly together, while moving downward, hexagon firecracker cake is cut the purpose reaching to be divided into two by the circular shear blade 35 run up, and hexagon firecracker cake is carried out both sides back cover to reach the purpose of back cover by the round end thimble 57 on both sides under the promotion of elastic needle plate 56 simultaneously;Last 5th cylinder 75 promotes the first sliding shoe D, moving guide rail 73, hexagon clamp frame 70, hexagon firecracker cake together upwards rectilinear motion return to starting point, after the 5th cylinder 75 moves back starting point, the six roots of sensation is gripped in the circular hole that cylindrical bar 59 is re-inserted into the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon by pinion and rack by the 7th motor 67, and utilize the 9th motor 63 to control the first cam disc 69, second cam disc 61 carries out slight ground synchronous axial system and promotes six roots of sensation gripping cylindrical bar 59 slightly to strut, so as clamping two hexagons fast remover-and-replacer 85 while of by gripping cylindrical bar 59 firmly;Meanwhile the 7th cylinder 87, 6th cylinder 88 acts on hexagon clamp frame 70 and is expanded by the hexagon in hexagon clamp frame 70, 3rd cylinder 83 promotes discharge flapper 82 to release forward a segment distance, again through the 7th motor 67, 8th motor 68 promotes positioning seat 66 that from the inner taking-up of hexagon clamp frame 70 and the hexagon firecracker cake with two fast remover-and-replacers of hexagon 85 is moved to the position corresponding to fixture database 84 and warehouse for finished product 81 and discharge flapper 82 is between hexagon firecracker cake and separation module 72, then the 3rd cylinder 83 continues action and promotes discharge flapper 82 back to move and be brought into by hexagon firecracker cake in following warehouse for finished product 81, 4th cylinder 79 reoperates and promotes the second scraping wings 80 to be promoted backward by the hexagon firecracker cake in warehouse for finished product 81, conveniently deposit next hexagon firecracker cake, gripping system is further continued for taking the fast remover-and-replacer 85 of hexagon other in fixture database 84, and automatic circulating operation successively;
Present invention have an advantage that one, be automatically finished the arrangement of hexagon firecracker cake, function that combination forming, clamping sizing, back cover and cutting firecracker cake are divided into two, shaping speed is fast, clamping sizing is firmly effective, back cover and cutting are neat, realize multistation automatic integratedization in firecrackers production process to produce, dramatically saves on human resources, improve work efficiency, solve labour force's problem in short supply;Two, utilize a kind of fast remover-and-replacer of brand-new hexagon to replace rope to tie up fixing to hexagon firecracker cake, the repeatable of fixture can be realized recycle, not only during operation without lifting an eyebrow, and automaticity is significantly high, greatly saved production cost and achieve environmental protection can the theory of automated production;Three, each component modelsization design, installation, can be sized according to product, easy to operate, safeguards quick;
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned specific embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art, from above-mentioned design, without performing creative labour, done all conversion, all falls within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. for a full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake, including pay-off, group cake shaped device, clamping device;Described pay-off includes charging hopper, fixed support, conveyer belt, strip-shaped baffle and adjustable motor;Described charging hopper is arranged on fixed support;The tail end of described conveyer belt is arranged on the lower section of charging hopper;Described adjustable motor is arranged on the tail end of conveyer belt, and is connected with the first rolling cylinder on conveyer belt;Described conveyer belt is provided with strip-shaped baffle;Described group of cake shaped device includes frame, feed hopper and guide plate;Described feed hopper is arranged on the top of frame;Being arranged right below two and independent wave screen cylinder of described feed hopper outlet;Described guide plate is arranged on the headwall of feed hopper;Described clamping device includes gripping body, fixture database;Described fixture database is arranged on the both sides of group cake shaped device;Described gripping body is arranged on the front end of group cake shaped device;It is characterized in that: also include bottom closing device and cutter sweep;Described bottom closing device includes elastic needle plate, fixed mount, round end thimble;Described elastic needle plate is arranged on fixed mount, and is connected with fixed mount;Described elastic needle plate is provided with circular port;Described round end thimble is arranged in this circular port;Described cutter sweep includes circular shear blade and the first motor;Described circular shear blade is fixed by the first motor nut;Described clamping device also includes travel mechanism;Described travel mechanism is arranged on the tail end of gripping body.
2. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described in wave the back side of screen cylinder and be provided with the first crank and rocker mechanism;Described first crank and rocker mechanism includes a first connecting rod, a first crank block and a rotating shaft;Tail end and the first crank block of described first connecting rod are connected;Described rotating shaft is provided with belt pulley, is the first belt pulley;Described first belt pulley is provided with belt, is the first belt;The centre of described frame is provided with panel, is the first panel;Described first panel is provided with the second motor;Described second motor is connected with described first belt pulley by this first belt.
3. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described in wave screen cylinder be connected with two parallel blanking channels;The upper end of described blanking channel is provided with swing panel;The back side of described swing panel is provided with the second crank and rocker mechanism;Described second crank and rocker mechanism includes second connecting rod, the second crank block and the 3rd motor.
4. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the lower end of described blanking channel is provided with the first pressing plate;Described first pressing plate is connected to the cylinder controlling its action, is the first cylinder.
5. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described blanking channel be connected with splicing support;Described splicing support be connected with cylinder, be the second cylinder;Described blanking channel is connected with a hexagon mould that can simultaneously carry out two firecracker cake group cakes;Described hexagon mould is pneumatic with described second cylinder to be connected;The lower end of described hexagon mould is provided with splicing electromagnetic vibrator;Described splicing electromagnetic vibrator is fixed on splicing support;Described hexagon mould is fixed on described splicing support by this splicing electromagnetic vibrator;The back side of described hexagon mould is provided with a scraping wings, is the first scraping wings;Described first scraping wings is provided with driving rack;Described first panel is additionally provided with a motor, is the 4th motor;The motor shaft of described 4th motor is provided with gear;Described driving rack is connected with described gear, thus the first scraping wings and the 4th motor being linked together.
6. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the front end of described frame is provided with panel, is the second panel;Described second panel is provided with orientation lever;Described orientation lever is fixedly welded on the second panel;Described hexagon mould is provided with linear bearing;Described hexagon mould passes through this linear bearing linear slide on orientation lever.
7. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fixture database is provided with the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon;The front of described fixture database is provided with discharge flapper;The back side of described discharge flapper is provided with cylinder, is the 3rd cylinder;Described discharge flapper and the 3rd pneumatic connection of cylinder.
8. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the tail end of described fixture database is provided with a motor for replenishing forward the fast remover-and-replacer of hexagon, is the 5th motor;Described fixture database be connected with a warehouse for finished product;The front end of described warehouse for finished product is provided with a scraping wings, is the second scraping wings;The bottom of described fixture database is provided with cylinder, is the 4th cylinder;Described 4th cylinder and the pneumatic connection of the second scraping wings.
9. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described travel mechanism includes the first directed guide rail;Described first directed guide rail is provided with and prolongs the sliding shoe of rectilinear movement on the first directed guide rail, is the first sliding shoe;Described first sliding shoe be arranged over two cylinders, be the 5th cylinder;Described first sliding shoe and the 5th pneumatic connection of cylinder;Described first sliding shoe be respectively arranged at two ends with a moving guide rail up and down;Described moving guide rail is provided with draw-in groove;Hexagon clamp frame it is provided with in described draw-in groove;The left and right sides of described hexagon clamp frame is provided with two cylinders, respectively the 6th cylinder, the 7th cylinder;Described 6th cylinder and the 7th cylinder are arranged in frame;Described 6th cylinder and the 7th cylinder is all pneumatic with described hexagon clamp frame is connected.
10. a kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fixed mount is provided with guide bar;Described guide bar is connected with the clamping plate together moved back and forth with this guide bar;Described clamping plate is provided with screw;Described elastic needle plate is fixed on clamping plate by this screw;Described clamping plate is provided with connecting rod, for third connecting rod;Described third connecting rod is provided with bent axle;Described fixed mount is provided with bearing;Described bent axle is arranged in this bearing;Described fixed mount is additionally provided with a motor, is the 6th motor;The motor shaft of described 6th motor is provided with driving belt, is the second belt;Described 6th motor is connected with bent axle by this second belt.
CN201410656416.9A 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 A kind of full-automatic integral machine for hexagon firecracker cake Expired - Fee Related CN104457436B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106737983B (en) * 2016-12-30 2019-04-05 吴称辉 A kind of clamping device of gun barrel cake cutter and gun barrel cake cutter using the clamping device
CN109163617A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-08 上栗县福利来花炮制造有限公司 A kind of production method of fireworks

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CN202793189U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-13 陈家淼 Automatic molding machine of firecracker cylindrical cake
CN202853499U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-03 游玉历 Firecracker shaping device matched with fully automatic insert lead machine
CN104019705A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-03 南昌大学 Lead inserting machine for fireworks and firecrackers

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201993042U (en) * 2011-01-29 2011-09-28 浏阳市鸿隆综合贸易有限公司 Shaping system of firecracker cylinder shaping and binding equipment
CN202403620U (en) * 2011-11-22 2012-08-29 邹建中 Material-collecting device for firecracker caking machine
CN202599253U (en) * 2012-01-14 2012-12-12 郴州市天源机械设备制造有限公司 Firecracker barrel hexagonal circular cake machine
CN202793189U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-13 陈家淼 Automatic molding machine of firecracker cylindrical cake
CN102840794A (en) * 2012-09-26 2012-12-26 湖南大学 Full-automatic multi-station firecracker insertion and guide machine and working method thereof
CN202853499U (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-03 游玉历 Firecracker shaping device matched with fully automatic insert lead machine
CN104019705A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-09-03 南昌大学 Lead inserting machine for fireworks and firecrackers

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