CN104439517A - Numerical control cutting machine - Google Patents

Numerical control cutting machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104439517A
CN104439517A CN201410583641.4A CN201410583641A CN104439517A CN 104439517 A CN104439517 A CN 104439517A CN 201410583641 A CN201410583641 A CN 201410583641A CN 104439517 A CN104439517 A CN 104439517A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
fixed
positioning cylinder
plate
guide rail
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410583641.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104439517B (en
Inventor
戈秀龙
闻敏杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAINING SWITCH FACTORY CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN201410583641.4A priority Critical patent/CN104439517B/en
Publication of CN104439517A publication Critical patent/CN104439517A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104439517B publication Critical patent/CN104439517B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention provides a numerical control cutting machine, and belongs to the field of mechanical technologies. The numerical control cutting machine solves the problem that in the prior art, workpieces and cutting heads of the workpices cannot be positioned in four directions. The numerical control cutting machine comprises a machine body. The machine body is composed of a transverse plate and a vertical plate. The numerical control cutting machine is characterized in that the transverse plate is provided with a working platform, the working platform comprises a rotating motor, an output shaft of the rotating motor is fixedly provided with a lifting air cylinder, the end of a piston rod of the lifting air cylinder is fixedly provided with a rotating disc, and the rotating disc is fixedly provided with a positioning device; the transverse plate is further provided with a cooling device, and the cooling device comprises a first support, a water storage tank, a water pump and a spraying head and further comprises a second support and a draught fan; the vertical plate is provided with a cutting system, and the cutting system comprises a cutting head, a telescopic cylinder and a telescopic column. The numerical control cutting machine has the advantages of being capable of adjusting a workpiece and the cutting head of the workpiece in four directions and capable of conducting cooling effectively.

Description

A kind of numerical control cutting machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, relate to a kind of cutting machine, particularly a kind of numerical control cutting machine.
Background technology
Numerical control cutting realizes the surface trimming of part mainly through the computer programming of advanced person, not only simple to operate, easy to maintenance.While the quality ensureing cutting products, also alleviate the work of people, and significantly can reduce cutting cost, shorten the production cycle, improve system reliability.
At present, along with modern mechanical processing industry develop, the quality of product, required precision are also improved constantly.But because existing numerical control cutting machine is not very perfect, can not carry out omnibearing location to workpiece and cutting head thereof, and carry out producing a large amount of heats in cutting process to workpiece, this all can reduce the machining accuracy of product, affects the quality of product.
Owing to there is above-mentioned problem, so for those skilled in the art, needing to develop one can comprehensive adjustment workpiece and cutting head thereof, and can carry out again the numerical control cutting machine of effective cooling, with the object enabling product reach the design.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to there are the problems referred to above for existing technology, propose a kind of numerical control cutting machine, this numerical control cutting machine has can comprehensive adjustment workpiece and cutting head thereof, and can carry out again the feature of effective cooling.
Object of the present invention realizes by following technical proposal: a kind of numerical control cutting machine, comprise body, described body is made up of transverse plate and the vertical plate that is vertically fixed on transverse plate side, it is characterized in that, described transverse plate is provided with the workbench can installing workpiece, described workbench comprises the rotary electric machine be fixed on transverse plate, the output shaft of rotary electric machine straight up, described output shaft end is fixed with lift cylinder, the piston rod of lift cylinder straight up, described piston rod end is fixed with the rounded rolling disc in cross section, and the axial line of rotary electric machine output shaft and the center of circle of rolling disc coincide, described rolling disc is fixed with positioner Workpiece fixing can lived, described transverse plate is also provided with the cooling device that can cool workpiece, described cooling device comprises support one, storage tank, water pump and shower nozzle, described support one is made up of the montant be fixed on transverse plate and the cross bar be set on montant, be provided with between described montant and cross bar and promote cylinder one, the cylinder body promoting cylinder one is fixed on montant, promote cylinder one piston rod straight up and its end winding support on cross bar, described storage tank and water pump are all fixed on transverse plate, the water inlet of described water pump is connected with storage tank by water inlet pipe, the delivery port of water pump is connected with shower nozzle by outlet pipe, described shower nozzle is fixed on the end of described cross bar, described cooling device also comprises support two and blower fan, described support two is made up of the column be fixed on transverse plate and the installing plate be slidably arranged on column, be provided with between described column and installing plate and promote cylinder two, the cylinder body promoting cylinder two is fixed on column, promote cylinder two piston rod straight up and its end winding support on a mounting board, described blower fan is fixed on described installing plate, and the air outlet of blower fan is towards rolling disc, described vertical plate is provided with the diced system that can cut workpiece, described diced system comprises cutting head, retracting cylinder and the telescopic mast be slidably arranged in retracting cylinder, described retracting cylinder lower end has opening, telescopic cylinder one is fixed with bottom described retracting cylinder, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder one straight down and be fixed on the upper end of telescopic mast, described cutting head is hinged on the lower end of telescopic mast, cutting blade is provided with in cutting head, also be provided with one in described telescopic mast and can order about the rotating mechanism that cutting head rotates, the top of described retracting cylinder is provided with movable plate one, the lower surface of movable plate one is fixed with guide rail one, guide rail one is provided with the slide block one matched with it, the lower surface of slide block one is fixed on the upper end of described retracting cylinder, described movable plate one is also fixed with telescopic cylinder two, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder two is connected on described slide block one, the top of described movable plate one is also provided with movable plate two, the lower surface of described movable plate two is fixed with guide rail two, and the setting direction of guide rail one and guide rail two is perpendicular, guide rail two is provided with the slide block two matched with it, the lower surface of slide block two is fixed on the upper end of described movable plate one, described movable plate two is also fixed with telescopic cylinder three, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder three is connected on described slide block two, described movable plate two is fixed in vertical plate by installing plate.
The course of work of whole numerical control cutting machine is such: first, adjustment to be positioned to the workpiece on the workbench in this numerical control cutting machine, specific works flow process: 1, drive turn disc by rotary electric machine, thus can realize to the workpiece on rolling disc carry out arbitrarily angled on adjustment; 2, drive rolling disc to carry out oscilaltion by lift cylinder, thus the adjustment workpiece on rolling disc being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized; 3, by the positioner on rolling disc, thus can relatively rotate on dish and can carry out position adjustments workpiece.
Then, open the cooling device in this numerical control cutting machine, workpiece machinery equipment in process is cooled, specific works flow process: 1, by water pump, the water in storage tank is pumped on shower nozzle, and then can realize to the workpiece water spray on workbench effect workpiece and equipment thereof being played to cooling by shower nozzle, meanwhile, promote the oscilaltion that cylinder one promotes cross bar, thus the adjustment shower nozzle on cross bar being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized; 2, the foreign material of surface of the work and too much water stain can be removed by the blower fan on installing plate, certain cooling effect can also be played to workpiece and equipment thereof, meanwhile, promote the oscilaltion of installing plate by promoting cylinder two, thus the adjustment blower fan on installing plate being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized.
Finally, cutting head is regulated, specific works flow process: 1, drive telescopic mast oscilaltion by contracting cylinder one, thus realize adjustment cutting head being carried out to upper-lower position; 2, the rotating mechanism be also provided with in telescopic mast, can make cutting head in horizontal level generation angular deflection; 3, promote the slide on rails of slide block one at movable plate one by telescopic cylinder two, thus realize cutting head can carry out position adjustment along the guide rail direction of movable plate one; 4, promote the slide on rails of slide block two at movable plate two by telescopic cylinder three, thus realize cutting head can carry out position adjustment along the guide rail direction of movable plate two.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, positioner described in (2 draw 1) comprises the positioning cylinder one be fixed on rolling disc, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four, and positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two are oppositely arranged, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four are oppositely arranged, the piston rod of positioning cylinder one is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder two, and the line between positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two is through the center of circle of rolling disc, the piston rod of positioning cylinder three is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder four, and the line between positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is through the center of circle of rolling disc, the line of line between positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two also and between positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is perpendicular, described positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is fixed with location-plate one respectively, location-plate two, location-plate three and location-plate four.By the positioning cylinder one that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder two, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of a relative direction of workpiece on rolling disc; By the positioning cylinder three that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder four, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of workpiece another relative direction on rolling disc.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, rotating mechanism described in (3 draw 1) comprises drive motors, driving gear and driven gear, the lower end of above-mentioned telescopic mast offers groove, and the top of cutting head is in described groove, described drive motors is fixed on the sidewall of described groove, described driving gear is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors, described driven gear is fixed on cutting head, and described driving gear can be meshed with described driven gear, the sidewall that described cutting head is relative with driven gear is also fixed with hinge bar, another sidewall of described groove offers hinge hole, described hinge bar is plugged in hinge hole.Driving gear is driven to rotate by drive motors, and driving gear is meshed with driven gear, cutting head side is fixed on driven gear, opposite side is plugged in hinge hole by hinge bar, axial restraint is carried out to cutting head, circumference is rotated, according to adding angle needed for man-hour, make cutting head, at horizontal level, certain angular deflection occur.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, the cross section of (4 draw 1 or 2 or 3) described guide rail one is in " convex " shape, described slide block one has the groove that can match with described guide rail one, and the cross section of described groove is in " convex " shape, and described slide block one is slidably located on guide rail one; The cross section of described guide rail two is in " convex " shape, and described slide block two has the groove that can match with described guide rail two, and the cross section of described groove is in " convex " shape, and described slide block two is slidably located on guide rail two.By being encased on guide rail one of slide block one correspondence, and the cross section of slide block one and guide rail one is all in " convex " shape, thus makes slide block one not easily getaway one, and guide rail one can also play the effect of support to slide block one simultaneously; In like manner, by being encased on guide rail two of slide block two correspondence, and the cross section of slide block two and guide rail two is all in " convex " shape, thus makes slide block two not easily getaway two, and guide rail two can also play the effect of support to slide block two simultaneously.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, on the inwall of (5 draw 1 or 2 or 3) described retracting cylinder, symmetry offers two chutes, and the outer wall of described telescopic mast is symmetrically fixed with two draw runners, described draw runner correspondence is arranged in described chute.Slided on the chute of retracting cylinder inwall by draw runner, thus be more conducive to telescopic mast and slide up and down in retracting cylinder.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, the cross bar described in (6 draw 1 or 2 or 3) offers chute along its length, sliding in described chute is provided with some links, and described shower nozzle is fixed with hook, and described hook hanging support is in described link.Shower nozzle is hung on different hooks, thus the horizontal level of shower nozzle on cross bar can be regulated.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, on the installing plate described in (7 draw 1 or 2 or 3) along its length on offer chute, in described chute slide be provided with sliding panel, described blower fan is fixed on sliding panel.Sliding panel can slide in the chute of installing plate, thus can drive the horizontal fan motion be fixed on sliding panel, realizes the adjustment of blower fan horizontal level on a mounting board.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, (8 draw 1 or 2 or 3), this numerical control cutting machine also comprised controller, described controller is PLC, described PLC is fixed in above-mentioned vertical plate, and above-mentioned rotary electric machine, water pump, blower fan are all connected with PLC by circuit with drive motors.By the program that PLC is write, thus Automated condtrol can be carried out to rotary electric machine, water pump, blower fan and drive motors.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, lift cylinder described in (9 draw 8), promotion cylinder one, promotion cylinder two, telescopic cylinder one, telescopic cylinder two, telescopic cylinder three, positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three are connected with an air pump respectively by tube connector with positioning cylinder four, described tube connector is respectively arranged with solenoid directional control valve, and described solenoid directional control valve is connected with PLC respectively by circuit.By the PLC of the program of writing, the solenoid directional control valve on tube connector is controlled, thus air pump can be made to carry out automation pressurization to each cylinder.
In above-mentioned numerical control cutting machine, the piston of the positioning cylinder one described in (10 draw 9), positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is all fixed with internal magnetic ring, the cylinder body of described positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is all fixed with inductive switch, and described inductive switch is all connected with above-mentioned PLC.Inductive switch, by internal magnetic ring fixing on piston, can sense the position of the piston rod of cylinder, carry out Automated condtrol by the PLC of the program of writing to inductive switch.
Compared with prior art, this numerical control cutting machine has the following advantages:
1, the present invention drives turn disc by rotary electric machine, thus can realize to the workpiece on rolling disc carry out arbitrarily angled on position adjustments, and the enterprising line slip of the guide rail of slide block on transverse plate, thus position adjustments can be carried out to rotary electric machine, indirectly expand the position adjustments scope to workpiece.
2, the present invention is under the effect of lift cylinder, positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, cylinder three and positioning cylinder four, thus can carry out omnibearing adjustment location to workpiece.
3, the present invention pumps on shower nozzle by the water in storage tank, to workpiece water spray, thus workpiece and equipment thereof is played to the effect of cooling, promotes cylinder one and automatically can regulate the upper and lower position of shower nozzle.
4, the present invention can remove the foreign material of surface of the work and too much water stain by the blower fan on installing plate, can also play certain cooling effect, and promote the upper and lower position that cylinder two can regulate blower fan automatically to workpiece and equipment thereof.
5, drive motors of the present invention drives driven gear to rotate by driving gear, thus realize cutting head, at horizontal level, certain angular deflection occurs, and drive telescopic mast oscilaltion by contracting cylinder one, thus realize adjustment cutting head being carried out to upper-lower position.
6, the present invention promotes the slide on rails of slide block one at movable plate one by telescopic cylinder two, thus realizes the adjustment can carrying out position to cutting head along the guide rail direction of movable plate one; In like manner, promote the slide on rails of slide block two at movable plate two by telescopic cylinder three, thus realize the adjustment can carrying out position to cutting head along the guide rail direction of movable plate two.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is work platform structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is cooling device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is diced system structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is guide rail two of the present invention and slide block two structural representation.
In figure, 1, body; 1a, transverse plate; 1b, vertical plate; 2, rotary electric machine; 3, lift cylinder; 4, rolling disc; 5, positioning cylinder one; 6, positioning cylinder two; 7, positioning cylinder three; 8, positioning cylinder four; 9, internal magnetic ring; 10, inductive switch; 11, location-plate one; 12, location-plate two; 13, location-plate three; 14, location-plate four; 15, support one; 15a, montant; 15b, cross bar; 16, storage tank; 17, water pump; 18, link; 19, link up with; 20, shower nozzle; 21, cylinder one is promoted; 22, support two; 22a, column; 22b, installing plate; 23, blower fan; 24, sliding panel; 25, backstay; 26, cylinder two is promoted; 27, cutting head; 28, cutting blade; 29, retracting cylinder; 30, telescopic mast; 31, telescopic cylinder one; 32, drive motors; 33, driving gear; 34, driven gear; 35, hinge bar; 36, movable plate one; 37, guide rail one; 38, stopper one; 39, slide block one; 40, telescopic cylinder two; 41, movable plate two; 42, guide rail two; 43, stopper two; 44, slide block two; 45, telescopic cylinder three; 46, draw runner; 47, guide rail; 48, slide block; 49, ring flange.
Detailed description of the invention
Be below specific embodiments of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of numerical control cutting machine, comprises body 1, and body 1 is by transverse plate 1a and the vertical plate 1b being vertically fixed on transverse plate 1a side, and vertical plate 1b is fixed on transverse plate 1a by bolt and nut.Fixed by bolt and nut, thus be convenient to the dismounting of vertical plate 1b.
As shown in Figure 2, transverse plate 1a is provided with the workbench can installing workpiece.Specifically, workbench comprises the rotary electric machine 2 be fixed on transverse plate 1a, is provided with guide rail 47 between rotary electric machine 2 and transverse plate 1a, and guide rail 47 is fixed on transverse plate 1a, and guide rail 47 slides is provided with slide block 48, and rotary electric machine 2 is fixed on slide block 48.Slide block 48 can the enterprising line slip of guide rail 47 on transverse plate 1a, thus can carry out position adjustments to rotary electric machine 2, indirectly expands the position adjustments scope to workpiece, is more conducive to improving machining accuracy.The output shaft of rotary electric machine 2 straight up, rotary electric machine 2 output shaft end is fixed with lift cylinder 3, and be provided with ring flange 49 between the output shaft of lift cylinder 3 and rotary electric machine 2, ring flange 49 is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine 2 by bolt and nut, and lift cylinder 3 is fixed on ring flange 49 by bolt and nut.Lift cylinder 3, by ring flange 49 and bolt and nut, more effectively improves fixing stability.Simultaneously, the piston rod of lift cylinder 3 straight up, piston rod end is fixed with the rounded rolling disc in cross section 4, consisting of of rolling disc 4: the aluminium of 5.0% ~ 6.0%, the vanadium of about 3.5% ~ 4.5%, the chromium of 1.5% ~ 2.5%, the titanium of 0.50%, the silicon of 0.1% ~ 0.2%, and the iron of at least 80%, by the mass percent of the component of regulable control rolling disc 4, thus the rolling disc 4 obtained is used to have higher intensity, wearability and corrosion resistance.And the axial line of rotary electric machine 2 output shaft and the center of circle of rolling disc 4 coincide, and rolling disc 4 are fixed with positioner Workpiece fixing can lived.
More particularly, positioner comprises the positioning cylinder 1 be fixed on rolling disc 4, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48, and be all fixed on rolling disc 4 by bolt and nut, adopt such fixing means, be convenient to positioning cylinder 1, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 and remove and install.Meanwhile, positioning cylinder 1 and positioning cylinder 26 are oppositely arranged, and positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 are oppositely arranged.The piston rod of positioning cylinder 1 is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder 26, and the line between positioning cylinder 1 and positioning cylinder 26 is through the center of circle of rolling disc 4; The piston rod of positioning cylinder 37 is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder 48, and the line between positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 is through the center of circle of rolling disc 4.The line of line between positioning cylinder 1 and positioning cylinder 26 also and between positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 is perpendicular, and the piston rod end of positioning cylinder 1, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 is fixed with location-plate 1, location-plate 2 12, location-plate 3 13 and location-plate 4 14 respectively.The positioner of this tumbler, by the positioning cylinder 1 that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder 26, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of a relative direction of workpiece on rolling disc 4; By the positioning cylinder 37 that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder 48, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of workpiece another relative direction on rolling disc 4.
As shown in Figure 3, transverse plate 1a is also provided with the cooling device that can cool workpiece.Specifically, cooling device comprises support 1, storage tank 16, water pump 17 and shower nozzle 20, described support 1 is made up of the montant 15a be fixed on transverse plate 1a and cross bar 15b, and montant 15a is fixed on transverse plate 1a by bolt and nut, one end that cross bar 15b contacts with montant 15a offers cover apertured, montant 15a is located in the cover apertured of cross bar 15b, adopts such method for designing, thus can realize cross bar 15b and slide up and down on montant 15a.Wherein, be provided with between montant 15a and cross bar 15b and promote cylinder 1, the cylinder body promoting cylinder 1 is fixed by screws on montant 15a, promote cylinder 1 piston rod straight up and its end winding support on cross bar 15b, storage tank 16 and water pump 17 are all fixed on transverse plate 1a, the water inlet of water pump 17 is connected with storage tank 16 by water inlet pipe, and the delivery port of water pump 17 is connected with shower nozzle 20 by outlet pipe, and shower nozzle 20 is fixed on the end of described cross bar 15b.And cross bar 15b offers chute along its length, slide in chute and be provided with some links 18, shower nozzle 20 is fixed with hook 19, links up with 19 hanging supports in described link 18, shower nozzle 20 is hung on different hooks 19, thus the horizontal level of shower nozzle 20 on cross bar 15b can be regulated.
Simultaneously, cooling device also comprises support 2 22 and blower fan 23, support 2 22 is made up of the column 22a be fixed on transverse plate 1a and installing plate 22b, and column 22a is fixed on transverse plate 1a by bolt and nut, column 22a also offers the groove running through column 22a upper and lower side, two cell walls of groove all offer the bar hole in strip, contact with the column 22a two side of one end of installing plate 22b is all fixed with backstay 25, two backstays 25 are located in described two bar holes respectively, adopt such method for designing, backstay 25 fixing on installing plate 22b can slide up and down in worn two bar holes.Be provided with between column 22a and installing plate 22b and promote cylinder 2 26, the cylinder body promoting cylinder 2 26 is fixed by screws on column 22a, promote cylinder 2 26 piston rod straight up and its end winding support on installing plate 22b, blower fan 23 is fixed on installing plate 22b, and the air outlet of blower fan 23 is towards rolling disc 4.And on installing plate 22b along its length on offer chute, in chute slide be provided with sliding panel 24, blower fan 23 is fixed on sliding panel 24.Sliding panel 24 can slide in the chute of installing plate 22b, thus can drive blower fan 23 horizontal movement be fixed on sliding panel 24, realizes the adjustment of blower fan 23 horizontal level on installing plate 22b.
As shown in Figure 4, vertical plate 1b is provided with the diced system that can cut workpiece, specifically, and the telescopic mast 30 that diced system comprises cutting head 27, retracting cylinder 29 and is slidably arranged in retracting cylinder 29.Retracting cylinder 29 lower end has opening, is fixed with telescopic cylinder 1 bottom retracting cylinder 29, and the piston rod of telescopic cylinder 1 straight down and be fixed on the upper end of telescopic mast 30.Cutting head 27 is hinged on the lower end of telescopic mast 30.Meanwhile, on the inwall of retracting cylinder 29, symmetry offers two chutes, the outer wall of telescopic mast 30 is symmetrically fixed with two draw runners 46, and draw runner 46 correspondence is arranged in described chute.Slided on the chute of retracting cylinder 29 inwall by draw runner 46, thus be more conducive to telescopic mast 30 and slide up and down in retracting cylinder 29.Cutter are provided with in cutting head 27, wherein, consisting of of cutting blade 28: containing the high carbon ferro-chrome of 15 ~ 25%, the chromic carbide iron of 2 ~ 10%, the manganese metal of 5 ~ 7%, the molybdenum-iron of 6 ~ 12%, the ferrotungsten of 3 ~ 10%, the vanadium iron of 5 ~ 10%, the ferrotianium of 0.5 ~ 6%, the Yttrium base rare earth of 0.3 ~ 5%, the ferro-niobium of 1 ~ 3%, the ice crystal of 4 ~ 10%, the iron powder of 10 ~ 50%, activity coefficient is 30 ~ 45%, by the mass percent of the component of regulable control rolling disc 4, thus uses the cutting blade 28 obtained to have higher intensity and wearability.
As shown in Figure 5, more particularly, the top of retracting cylinder 29 is provided with movable plate 1, and the lower surface of movable plate 1 is fixed with guide rail 1, and guide rail 1 is provided with the slide block 1 matched with it.Wherein, the cross section of guide rail 1 is in " convex " shape, and slide block 1 has the groove that can match with guide rail 1, and the cross section of groove is in " convex " shape, and slide block 1 is slidably located on guide rail 1.By being encased on guide rail 1 of slide block 1 correspondence, and the cross section of slide block 1 and guide rail 1 is all in " convex " shape, thus makes slide block 1 not easily getaway 1, and guide rail 1 can also play the effect of support to slide block 1 simultaneously.One end of guide rail 1 is fixed with can to slip away the stopper 1 of guide rail 1 by anti-limited slip block 1.The lower surface of slide block 1 is fixed on the upper end of described retracting cylinder 29, and described movable plate 1 is also fixed with telescopic cylinder 2 40, and the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder 2 40 is connected on described slide block 1,
The top of movable plate 1 is also provided with movable plate 2 41, and the lower surface of movable plate 2 41 is fixed with guide rail 2 42, and the setting direction of guide rail 1 and guide rail 2 42 is perpendicular, and guide rail 2 42 is provided with the slide block 2 44 matched with it.Wherein, the cross section of guide rail 2 42 is in " convex " shape, and described slide block 2 44 has the groove that can match with described guide rail 2 42, and the cross section of described groove is in " convex " shape, and described slide block 2 44 is slidably located on guide rail 2 42.By being encased on guide rail 2 42 of slide block 2 44 correspondence, and the cross section of slide block 2 44 and guide rail 2 42 is all in " convex " shape, thus makes slide block 2 44 not easily getaway 2 42, and guide rail 2 42 can also play the effect of support to slide block 2 44 simultaneously.One end of guide rail 2 42 is fixed with can to slip away the stopper 2 43 of guide rail 2 42 by anti-limited slip block 2 44.The lower surface of slide block 2 44 is fixed on the upper end of movable plate 1, and movable plate 2 41 is also fixed with telescopic cylinder 3 45, and the piston rod of telescopic cylinder 3 45 is connected on described slide block 2 44, and movable plate 2 41 is fixed on vertical plate 1b by installing plate 22b.
Also be provided with one in telescopic mast 30 and can order about the rotating mechanism that cutting head 27 rotates.Rotating mechanism comprises drive motors 32, driving gear 33 and driven gear 34, the lower end of telescopic mast 30 offers groove, and the top of cutting head 27 is in groove, drive motors 32 is fixed on the sidewall of described groove, driving gear 33 is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors 32, and driven gear 34 is fixed on the lateral wall of cutting head 27 by the mode of welding.Driven gear 34 is fixed on cutting head 27 by the mode of welding, has more stability.And driving gear 33 can be meshed with driven gear 34, the sidewall that cutting head 27 is relative with driven gear 34 is also fixed with hinge bar 35, and another sidewall of groove offers hinge hole, and hinge bar 35 is plugged in hinge hole.Driving gear 33 is driven to rotate by drive motors 32, and driving gear 33 is meshed with driven gear 34, cutting head 27 side is fixed on driven gear 34, opposite side is plugged in hinge hole by hinge bar 35, axial restraint is carried out to cutting head 27, circumference is rotated, according to adding angle needed for man-hour, make cutting head 27, at horizontal level, certain angular deflection occur.
This numerical control cutting machine also comprises controller, controller is PLC, PLC is fixed on vertical plate 1b, rotary electric machine 2, water pump 17, blower fan 23 are all connected with PLC by circuit with drive motors 32, by the program that PLC is write, thus Automated condtrol can be carried out to rotary electric machine 2, water pump 17, blower fan 23 and drive motors 32.Lift cylinder 3, promotion cylinder 1, promotion cylinder 2 26, telescopic cylinder 1, telescopic cylinder 2 40, telescopic cylinder 3 45, positioning cylinder 1, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 are connected with an air pump respectively by tube connector with positioning cylinder 48, tube connector is respectively arranged with solenoid directional control valve, and solenoid directional control valve is connected with PLC respectively by circuit.By the PLC of the program of writing, the solenoid directional control valve on tube connector is controlled, thus air pump can be made to carry out automation pressurization to each cylinder.The piston of positioning cylinder 1, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 is all fixed with internal magnetic ring 9, the cylinder body of positioning cylinder 1, positioning cylinder 26, positioning cylinder 37 and positioning cylinder 48 is all fixed with inductive switch 10, and inductive switch 10 is all connected with above-mentioned PLC.Inductive switch 10, by internal magnetic ring 9 fixing on piston, can sense the position of the piston rod of cylinder, carry out Automated condtrol by the PLC of the program of writing to inductive switch 10.
Comprehensively above-mentioned, the course of work of whole numerical control cutting machine is such: first, adjustment to be positioned to the workpiece on the workbench in this numerical control cutting machine, specific works flow process: 1, drive rolling disc 4 to rotate by rotary electric machine 2, thus can realize to the workpiece on rolling disc 4 carry out arbitrarily angled on adjustment; 2, drive rolling disc 4 to carry out oscilaltion by lift cylinder 3, thus the adjustment workpiece on rolling disc 4 being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized; 3, by the positioning cylinder 1 that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder 26, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of a relative direction of workpiece on rolling disc 4, in addition, by the positioning cylinder 37 that is oppositely arranged and positioning cylinder 48, from can be realize regulating the enterprising line position of workpiece another vertical relative direction on rolling disc 4.
Then, open the cooling device in this numerical control cutting machine, workpiece machinery equipment in process is cooled, specific works flow process: 1, by water pump 17, the water in storage tank 16 is pumped on shower nozzle 20, and then can realize to the workpiece water spray on workbench effect workpiece and equipment thereof being played to cooling by shower nozzle 20, meanwhile, promote the oscilaltion that cylinder 1 promotes cross bar 15b, thus the adjustment shower nozzle 20 on cross bar 15b being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized; 2, the foreign material of surface of the work and too much water stain can be removed by the blower fan 23 on installing plate 22b, certain cooling effect can also be played to workpiece and equipment thereof, simultaneously, promote the oscilaltion of installing plate 22b by promoting cylinder 2 26, thus the adjustment blower fan 23 on installing plate 22b being carried out to upper-lower position can be realized.
Finally, cutting head 27 is regulated, specific works flow process: 1, drive telescopic mast 30 oscilaltion by contracting cylinder one, thus realize adjustment cutting head 27 being carried out to upper-lower position; 2, the rotating mechanism be also provided with in telescopic mast 30, can make cutting head 27 in horizontal level generation angular deflection; 3, promote slide block 1 by telescopic cylinder 2 40 to slide on the guide rail 47 of movable plate 1, thus realize the adjustment can carrying out position to cutting head 27 along guide rail 47 direction of movable plate 1; 4, promote slide block 2 44 by telescopic cylinder 3 45 to slide on the guide rail 47 of movable plate 2 41, thus realize the adjustment can carrying out position to cutting head 27 along guide rail 47 direction of movable plate 2 41.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ 1 herein, body; 1a, transverse plate; 1b, vertical plate; 2, rotary electric machine; 3, lift cylinder; 4, rolling disc; 5, positioning cylinder one; 6, positioning cylinder two; 7, positioning cylinder three; 8, positioning cylinder four; 9, internal magnetic ring; 10, inductive switch; 11, location-plate one; 12, location-plate two; 13, location-plate three; 14, location-plate four; 15, support one; 15a, montant; 15b, cross bar; 16, storage tank; 17, water pump; 18, link; 19, link up with; 20, shower nozzle; 21, cylinder one is promoted; 22, support two; 22a, column; 22b, installing plate; 23, blower fan; 24, sliding panel; 25, backstay; 26, cylinder two is promoted; 27, cutting head; 28, cutting blade; 29, retracting cylinder; 30, telescopic mast; 31, telescopic cylinder one; 32, drive motors; 33, driving gear; 34, driven gear; 35, hinge bar; 36, movable plate one; 37, guide rail one; 38, stopper one; 39, slide block one; 40, telescopic cylinder two; 41, movable plate two; 42, guide rail two; 43, stopper two; 44, slide block two; 45, telescopic cylinder three; 46, draw runner; 47, guide rail; 48, slide block; 49, the term such as ring flange, but do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a numerical control cutting machine, comprise body, described body is made up of transverse plate and the vertical plate that is vertically fixed on transverse plate side, it is characterized in that, described transverse plate is provided with the workbench can installing workpiece, described workbench comprises the rotary electric machine be fixed on transverse plate, the output shaft of rotary electric machine straight up, described output shaft end is fixed with lift cylinder, the piston rod of lift cylinder straight up, described piston rod end is fixed with the rounded rolling disc in cross section, and the axial line of rotary electric machine output shaft and the center of circle of rolling disc coincide, described rolling disc is fixed with positioner Workpiece fixing can lived, described transverse plate is also provided with the cooling device that can cool workpiece, described cooling device comprises support one, storage tank, water pump and shower nozzle, described support one is made up of the montant be fixed on transverse plate and the cross bar be set on montant, be provided with between described montant and cross bar and promote cylinder one, the cylinder body promoting cylinder one is fixed on montant, promote cylinder one piston rod straight up and its end winding support on cross bar, described storage tank and water pump are all fixed on transverse plate, the water inlet of described water pump is connected with storage tank by water inlet pipe, the delivery port of water pump is connected with shower nozzle by outlet pipe, described shower nozzle is fixed on the end of described cross bar, described cooling device also comprises support two and blower fan, described support two is made up of the column be fixed on transverse plate and the installing plate be slidably arranged on column, be provided with between described column and installing plate and promote cylinder two, the cylinder body promoting cylinder two is fixed on column, promote cylinder two piston rod straight up and its end winding support on a mounting board, described blower fan is fixed on described installing plate, and the air outlet of blower fan is towards rolling disc, described vertical plate is provided with the diced system that can cut workpiece, described diced system comprises cutting head, retracting cylinder and the telescopic mast be slidably arranged in retracting cylinder, described retracting cylinder lower end has opening, telescopic cylinder one is fixed with bottom described retracting cylinder, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder one straight down and be fixed on the upper end of telescopic mast, described cutting head is hinged on the lower end of telescopic mast, cutting blade is provided with in cutting head, also be provided with one in described telescopic mast and can order about the rotating mechanism that cutting head rotates, the top of described retracting cylinder is provided with movable plate one, the lower surface of movable plate one is fixed with guide rail one, guide rail one is provided with the slide block one matched with it, the lower surface of slide block one is fixed on the upper end of described retracting cylinder, described movable plate one is also fixed with telescopic cylinder two, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder two is connected on described slide block one, the top of described movable plate one is also provided with movable plate two, the lower surface of described movable plate two is fixed with guide rail two, and the setting direction of guide rail one and guide rail two is perpendicular, guide rail two is provided with the slide block two matched with it, the lower surface of slide block two is fixed on the upper end of described movable plate one, described movable plate two is also fixed with telescopic cylinder three, the piston rod of described telescopic cylinder three is connected on described slide block two, described movable plate two is fixed in vertical plate by installing plate.
2. numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described positioner comprises the positioning cylinder one be fixed on rolling disc, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four, and positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two are oppositely arranged, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four are oppositely arranged, the piston rod of positioning cylinder one is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder two, and the line between positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two is through the center of circle of rolling disc, the piston rod of positioning cylinder three is towards the piston rod of positioning cylinder four, and the line between positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is through the center of circle of rolling disc, the line of line between positioning cylinder one and positioning cylinder two also and between positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is perpendicular, described positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is fixed with location-plate one respectively, location-plate two, location-plate three and location-plate four.
3. numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described rotating mechanism comprises drive motors, driving gear and driven gear, the lower end of above-mentioned telescopic mast offers groove, and the top of cutting head is in described groove, described drive motors is fixed on the sidewall of described groove, described driving gear is fixed on the output shaft of drive motors, described driven gear is fixed on cutting head, and described driving gear can be meshed with described driven gear, the sidewall that described cutting head is relative with driven gear is also fixed with hinge bar, another sidewall of described groove offers hinge hole, described hinge bar is plugged in hinge hole.
4. the numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, the cross section of described guide rail one is in " convex " shape, described slide block one has the groove that can match with described guide rail one, the cross section of described groove is in " convex " shape, and described slide block one is slidably located on guide rail one; The cross section of described guide rail two is in " convex " shape, and described slide block two has the groove that can match with described guide rail two, and the cross section of described groove is in " convex " shape, and described slide block two is slidably located on guide rail two.
5. the numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, on the inwall of described retracting cylinder, symmetry offers two chutes, the outer wall of described telescopic mast is symmetrically fixed with two draw runners, described draw runner correspondence is arranged in described chute.
6. the numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described cross bar offers chute along its length, sliding in described chute is provided with some links, described shower nozzle is fixed with hook, and described hook hanging support is in described link.
7. the numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, on described installing plate along its length on offer chute, in described chute slide be provided with sliding panel, described blower fan is fixed on sliding panel.
8. the numerical control cutting machine according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, this numerical control cutting machine also comprises controller, described controller is PLC, described PLC is fixed in above-mentioned vertical plate, and above-mentioned rotary electric machine, water pump, blower fan are all connected with PLC by circuit with drive motors.
9. numerical control cutting machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described lift cylinder, promotion cylinder one, promotion cylinder two, telescopic cylinder one, telescopic cylinder two, telescopic cylinder three, positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three are connected with an air pump respectively by tube connector with positioning cylinder four, described tube connector is respectively arranged with solenoid directional control valve, and described solenoid directional control valve is connected with PLC respectively by circuit.
10. numerical control cutting machine according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, the piston of described positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is all fixed with internal magnetic ring, the cylinder body of described positioning cylinder one, positioning cylinder two, positioning cylinder three and positioning cylinder four is all fixed with inductive switch, and described inductive switch is all connected with above-mentioned PLC.
CN201410583641.4A 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Numerical control cutting machine Active CN104439517B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410583641.4A CN104439517B (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Numerical control cutting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410583641.4A CN104439517B (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Numerical control cutting machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104439517A true CN104439517A (en) 2015-03-25
CN104439517B CN104439517B (en) 2017-02-01

Family

ID=52886701

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410583641.4A Active CN104439517B (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Numerical control cutting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104439517B (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105500044A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 安徽伟宏钢结构集团股份有限公司 Steel plate cutting tool
CN106271866A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-04 无锡市太湖同步带轮厂 Possesses the lathe that workpiece cooling is processed function
CN106514407A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-03-22 淮北智淮科技有限公司 Conveying device for bearing pedestal machining
CN107051608A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-18 浙江兰博生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of experimental bench
CN107282981A (en) * 2017-06-25 2017-10-24 安徽智联管理咨询有限公司 Air conditioning for automobiles part trimming grooving tooling
CN108481022A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-04 湖南鸿鑫富诚科技有限公司 The automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of easy processing
CN108746830A (en) * 2018-06-23 2018-11-06 汪建文 A kind of rotation dynamic formula ring-type shear

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3931491A (en) * 1973-05-22 1976-01-06 Stumpf Guenter Apparatus for cutting a stack of sheet material with a thermal cutting beam while preventing fusing together of adjacent sheets
JP2002239775A (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-08-28 Hitachi Zosen Corp Method and device for cutting with laser beam
CN200957477Y (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-10-10 邓耀扬 Mono-saw milling welding-pipe saw fly
CN203197514U (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-09-18 四川东方能源科技股份有限公司 Automatic lifting welding table
CN103358019A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-10-23 嘉兴职业技术学院 Laser cutting head
CN203330500U (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-12-11 嘉兴职业技术学院 Locator of machine tool
CN203356849U (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-12-25 嘉兴职业技术学院 Moving mechanism of telescopic barrel in laser cutting head
CN203414369U (en) * 2013-07-22 2014-01-29 嘉兴职业技术学院 Cooling device of high-temperature friction-wear tester
CN103769753A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-07 苏州领创激光科技有限公司 Anti-explosive perforating system
CN203621744U (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-06-04 嘉兴职业技术学院 Workbench for surface laser treatment of cold-punched die of automobile part

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3931491A (en) * 1973-05-22 1976-01-06 Stumpf Guenter Apparatus for cutting a stack of sheet material with a thermal cutting beam while preventing fusing together of adjacent sheets
JP2002239775A (en) * 2001-02-21 2002-08-28 Hitachi Zosen Corp Method and device for cutting with laser beam
CN200957477Y (en) * 2006-09-01 2007-10-10 邓耀扬 Mono-saw milling welding-pipe saw fly
CN203197514U (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-09-18 四川东方能源科技股份有限公司 Automatic lifting welding table
CN103358019A (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-10-23 嘉兴职业技术学院 Laser cutting head
CN203356849U (en) * 2013-07-09 2013-12-25 嘉兴职业技术学院 Moving mechanism of telescopic barrel in laser cutting head
CN203330500U (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-12-11 嘉兴职业技术学院 Locator of machine tool
CN203414369U (en) * 2013-07-22 2014-01-29 嘉兴职业技术学院 Cooling device of high-temperature friction-wear tester
CN203621744U (en) * 2013-11-21 2014-06-04 嘉兴职业技术学院 Workbench for surface laser treatment of cold-punched die of automobile part
CN103769753A (en) * 2014-02-10 2014-05-07 苏州领创激光科技有限公司 Anti-explosive perforating system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105500044A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-04-20 安徽伟宏钢结构集团股份有限公司 Steel plate cutting tool
CN106271866A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-04 无锡市太湖同步带轮厂 Possesses the lathe that workpiece cooling is processed function
CN106514407A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-03-22 淮北智淮科技有限公司 Conveying device for bearing pedestal machining
CN107051608A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-18 浙江兰博生物科技股份有限公司 A kind of experimental bench
CN107282981A (en) * 2017-06-25 2017-10-24 安徽智联管理咨询有限公司 Air conditioning for automobiles part trimming grooving tooling
CN108481022A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-09-04 湖南鸿鑫富诚科技有限公司 The automobile engine cylinder-body fixture of easy processing
CN108746830A (en) * 2018-06-23 2018-11-06 汪建文 A kind of rotation dynamic formula ring-type shear

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104439517B (en) 2017-02-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104384943A (en) Working platform in numerical control cutting machine
CN104439517A (en) Numerical control cutting machine
CN104439511A (en) Cooling device for numerical control cutting machine
CN103447913A (en) Constant-pressure automatic compensation system of aluminum alloy hub deburring machine
CN201900528U (en) Flash and burr fine grinding machine tool for metal casting
CN107268410A (en) A kind of road maintenance road cutting machine
CN203542042U (en) Horizontal turning lathe of lifting type turn milling cutter table
CN102490089A (en) Ultrasonic machining device for outer circular surface
CN102211859B (en) Door type drilling machine
CN104476212A (en) Cutting system of numerical control cutting machine
CN204449395U (en) A kind of three-axis numerical control drilling machine
CN101708597B (en) High-pressure water descaling system
CN202030653U (en) Portal-type boring machine
CN103192306A (en) Full-automatic single-head mill
CN204935387U (en) Centreless grinding wheel trimming device
CN205111477U (en) Automatic grinding device of portable copper running roller
CN206305561U (en) The large-scale wire cutting machine tool of integral type
CN202684606U (en) Accessory head warehouse for milling planer
CN204298427U (en) A kind of automatic charging device of high-frequency quenching machine
CN206752277U (en) A kind of road maintenance road cutting machine
CN207309704U (en) A kind of XY for five-shaft numerical control grinding machine is to slide unit
CN207272923U (en) A kind of brake block sanding apparatus
CN104385098A (en) Numerical-control working platform for precision casting sprue grinding
CN210261893U (en) Quenching device for irregular curved surface workpiece
CN204471150U (en) Precision casting cast gate grinding numerical control workbench

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170602

Address after: Bridge Town Road in Haining city Jiaxing City, Zhejiang province 314406 No. 6

Patentee after: HAINING SWITCH FACTORY CO., LTD.

Address before: 314036 Tongxiang Road, Zhejiang, Jiaxing, No. 547

Patentee before: Jiaxing Vocational Technical College

TR01 Transfer of patent right