CN104438297B - A kind of method and apparatus processing organic waste - Google Patents

A kind of method and apparatus processing organic waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104438297B
CN104438297B CN201410751672.6A CN201410751672A CN104438297B CN 104438297 B CN104438297 B CN 104438297B CN 201410751672 A CN201410751672 A CN 201410751672A CN 104438297 B CN104438297 B CN 104438297B
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organic waste
connects
equipment
gas
water
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CN104438297A (en
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张大伟
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AMAZON WATER Co Ltd
MISSISSIPPI INTERNATIONAL WATER (CHINA) CO Ltd
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AMAZON WATER Co Ltd
MISSISSIPPI INTERNATIONAL WATER (CHINA) CO Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

A kind of device processing organic waste, including: dehydration equipment, steam drying equipment, mummification storehouse for organic garbage, distillation apparatus, biomass fuel burner, cooling device, fume afterheat steam generator, gas separating equipment for purification, oily water separating equipment, sewage disposal device, oil-stocking equipment.The equipment utilizing the present invention processes organic waste and namely remains the advantage that cracking process processes organic waste resource, innoxious, environmental protection, further through adopting dehydration, dry, dry distilling group technology, add heat recovery, adopt the natural gas that biomass fuel fictitious hosts is expensive, overcome and be used alone the defect that cracking process process organic waste operating cost is high.

Description

A kind of method and apparatus processing organic waste
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method adopting group technology to process organic waste.
The invention still further relates to a kind of device for realizing said method.
Background technology
China produces organic waste enormous amount every year, and according to statistics, only Beijing just produces sludge of sewage treatment plant more than 100 ten thousand tons, house refuse more than 1,000 ten thousand tons, garden waste more than 400 ten thousand tons in 2013, and the whole world has more than the organic waste of 1,000,000,000 tons every year.
Organic waste includes: Organic substance in domestic waste, the feces of livestock and poultry of livestock breeding industry, brewing industry and food processing industry garbage, sludge of sewage treatment plant etc..How to process the thorny problem that these organic wastes become in urban development.
Dry distilling is the method under anaerobic state, Organic substance being carried out pyrolysis, adopts cracking process to process organic waste, it is to avoid organic waste burns or landfill pollution on the environment, is the good method of organic waste resource, innoxious, environmental protection treatment.But, due in retort process, moisture evaporation contained in organic waste needs to consume substantial amounts of natural gas, meanwhile, when organic waste carries out dry distilling process, temperature typically requires and reaches 500 DEG C-650 DEG C, therefore the flue-gas temperature discharged is also high, cause substantial amounts of heat loss so that adopt cracking process to process the operating cost height of organic waste, become dry distilling and process the major obstacle of rubbish Technique Popularizing, application.
Dehydration, dry distilling, dry distilling high-temperature flue gas waste heat recovery can be adopted to produce steam, and with steam to process combination such as mud are dried, initially with dehydration equipment, organic waste is carried out processed, reduce organic waste moisture content, reduce the quantity of organic waste;Adopt steam drying equipment that organic waste is dried process, reduce organic waste moisture content further, reduce the quantity of organic waste further;After being processed by dehydration and steam drying, moisture and the quantity of organic waste all reduce, thus decreasing dry distilling to process moisture and the quantity of organic waste, reduce the energy resource consumption of distillation apparatus, adopt the waste heat that dry distilling is processed in organic waste process in high-temperature flue gas by fume afterheat steam generator to reclaim simultaneously, produce steam for steam drying equipment.By combinations thereof technique, namely remain cracking process and process the advantage of organic waste resource, innoxious, environmental protection, reduce the cost of dry distilling organic waste charcoal, overcome and be used alone the defect that cracking process process organic waste operating cost is high.
But the method adopting combinations thereof technique that organic waste is processed, it is not reported so far.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of device processing organic waste.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of method utilizing said apparatus to process organic waste.
For achieving the above object, the device of process organic waste provided by the invention, including:
The discharging opening of one dehydration equipment connects the charging aperture of steam drying equipment;
The discharging opening of steam drying equipment is connected with the charging aperture of distillation apparatus by machinery conveying equipment, mummification storehouse for organic garbage, conveying worm;
Distillation apparatus is provided with biomass fuel burner and carbonization gas burner;
The discharge end of distillation apparatus connects the charging aperture of cooling device, and the discharging opening of cooling device is connected with charcoal storehouse, and the exhanst gas outlet of distillation apparatus connects fume afterheat steam generator, and mixing gas row's mouth of distillation apparatus connects the inlet end of gas separating equipment for purification;
The discharge outlet of gas separating equipment for purification connects the water inlet of oily water separating equipment, and the gas outlet of gas separating equipment for purification connects carbonization gas burner, and the water inlet of gas separating equipment for purification connects shower water;
The discharge outlet of oily water separating equipment connects sewage disposal device, and the oil drain out of oily water separating equipment connects oil-stocking equipment;
The exhanst gas outlet of fume afterheat steam generator connects the gas approach of heat exchanger, and the steam (vapor) outlet of fume afterheat steam generator connects the steam inlet of heat-accumulator tank, and the water supplement port of fume afterheat steam generator connects softening water tank;
The exhanst gas outlet of heat exchanger connects the air inlet of air-introduced machine by cleaner unit, and the air outlet of air-introduced machine connects chimney;
The charging aperture in biomass granule fuel storehouse is connected with fuel hauling equipment, and the discharging opening in biomass granule fuel storehouse connects the charging aperture of biomass fuel burner;
The recirculated water water inlet of cooling device connects the outlet of circulating pump, the recirculated water outlet of cooling device connects the water inlet of heat exchanger, the outlet of heat exchanger connects the recirculated water water inlet of softening water tank, and the recirculated water outlet of softening water tank connects the water inlet of circulating pump.
The described device processing organic waste, wherein, machinery conveying equipment is belt conveyor, drag conveyor or conveying worm.
The described device processing organic waste, wherein, fuel hauling equipment is that bucket carries conveyer or pneumatic conveyor.
The described device processing organic waste, wherein, the water supplement port of fume afterheat steam generator connects softening water tank by small pump.
The described device processing organic waste, wherein, the discharge outlet of oily water separating equipment connects sewage disposal device by water pump.
The method utilizing said apparatus to process organic waste provided by the invention:
Organic waste is carried out processed by A, employing dehydration equipment, reduces organic waste moisture content, reduces the quantity of organic waste;
Organic waste after processed is dried process by B, employing steam drying equipment, reduces organic waste moisture content further, reduces the volume of organic waste further;
Organic waste after dehydration, steam drying process is carried out dry distilling process and makes charcoal by C, employing distillation apparatus;
The waste heat that dry distilling is processed in organic waste process in the high-temperature flue gas of discharge by D, employing fume afterheat steam generator reclaims, and produces steam for steam drying equipment;
The charcoal that dry distilling produces is cooled down by E, employing cooling device, is reclaimed by the heat in charcoal meanwhile, the moisturizing of heating fume afterheat steam generator;
F, the gas produced in distillation apparatus running is carried out purification separation process, and the carbonization gas produced after purification separation being processed recycles the fuel as distillation apparatus;
G, the bio-oil produced is easily separated after process reclaims in distillation apparatus running.
Described method, wherein, organic waste refers to the mud of the Organic substance in domestic waste, feces of livestock and poultry and municipal sewage plant.
Described method, wherein, the mixing gas that organic waste produces in retort process carries out condensing, purifying and separating treatment in gas separating equipment for purification.
Described method, wherein, the high-temperature flue gas that distillation apparatus produces in processing organic waste process is carried out remanufacture steam by fume afterheat steam generator, and the steam of production is transported in heat-accumulator tank.
The equipment utilizing the present invention processes organic waste and namely remains the advantage that cracking process processes organic waste resource, innoxious, environmental protection, further through adopting dehydration, dry, dry distilling group technology, add heat recovery, adopt the natural gas that biomass fuel fictitious hosts is expensive, overcome and be used alone the defect that cracking process process organic waste operating cost is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure drawing of device that the present invention processes organic waste
Symbol description in accompanying drawing:
1 organic waste;2 dehydration equipments;3 steam drying equipment;4 machinery conveying equipments;5 mummification storehouse for organic garbage;6 conveying worms;7 distillation apparatus;8 charcoals;9 cooling devices;10 charcoal storehouses;11 flue gases;12 fume afterheat steam generators;13 heat-accumulator tanks;14 steam;15 heat exchangers;16 cleaner units;17 air-introduced machines;18 chimneys;19 circulating pumps;20 softening water tanks;21 small pumps;22 gas separating equipment for purification 23 oily water separating equipments;24 bio-oils;25 oil-stocking equipment;;26 carbonization gas burners;27 shower waters;28 drainings;29 water pumps;30 sewage disposal devices;31 biomass fuels;32 fuel hauling equipments;33 biomass granule fuel storehouses;34 biomass fuel combustion devices.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail, it will be appreciated that preferred embodiment is merely to illustrate the present invention, rather than in order to limit the scope of the invention.
Simultaneously need to illustrate, all adopting well-known components in the device of process organic waste provided by the invention, the present invention obtains the device of a set of process organic waste after being combined by those known parts.
As it is shown in figure 1, the device that the present invention processes organic waste includes:
The discharging opening of one dehydration equipment 2 connects the charging aperture of steam drying equipment 3, the discharging opening of steam drying equipment 3 is connected with the charging aperture of distillation apparatus 7 by machinery conveying equipment 4, mummification storehouse for organic garbage 5, conveying worm 6, distillation apparatus 7 is provided with biomass fuel burner 34 and carbonization gas burner 26, and the discharge end of distillation apparatus 7 connects the charging aperture of cooling device 9.
The discharging opening of cooling device 9 is connected with charcoal storehouse 10, and the exhanst gas outlet of distillation apparatus 7 connects fume afterheat steam generator 12, and mixing gas row's mouth of distillation apparatus 7 connects the inlet end of gas separating equipment for purification 22.The discharge outlet of gas separating equipment for purification 22 connects the water inlet of oily water separating equipment 23, and the gas outlet of gas separating equipment for purification 22 connects carbonization gas burner 26, and the water inlet of gas separating equipment for purification 22 connects shower water 27.
The discharge outlet of oily water separating equipment 23 connects sewage disposal device 30 by water pump 29, and the oil drain out of oily water separating equipment 23 connects oil-stocking equipment 25.
The exhanst gas outlet of fume afterheat steam generator 12 connects the gas approach of heat exchanger 15, and the steam (vapor) outlet of fume afterheat steam generator 12 connects the steam inlet of heat-accumulator tank 13, and the moisturizing of fume afterheat steam generator 12 small pump 21 of making a slip of the tongue connects softening water tank 20.
The exhanst gas outlet of heat exchanger 15 connects the air inlet of air-introduced machine 17 by cleaner unit 16, and the air outlet of air-introduced machine 17 connects chimney 18.
The charging aperture in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 is connected with fuel hauling equipment 32, and the discharging opening in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 connects the charging aperture of biomass fuel burner 34.
The recirculated water water inlet of cooling device 9 connects the outlet of circulating pump 19, the recirculated water outlet of cooling device 9 connects the water inlet of heat exchanger 15, the outlet of heat exchanger 15 connects the recirculated water water inlet of softening water tank 20, and the recirculated water outlet of softening water tank 20 connects the water inlet of circulating pump 19.
Utilize the said equipment process organic waste flow process be:
Dehydration equipment 2 for organic waste 1 dehydration is connected with steam drying equipment 3, is processed further by steam drying equipment 3 by the organic waste 1 through processed again.
The steam drying equipment 3 dry for organic waste 1 is connected with distillation apparatus 7 by machinery conveying equipment 4, mummification storehouse for organic garbage 5, conveying worm 6.Organic waste 1 after steam drying equipment 3 dried is transported in mummification storehouse for organic garbage 5 is stored by machinery conveying equipment 4, then is transported in distillation apparatus 7 by conveying worm 6 and carries out dry distilling process makes charcoal 8.
Discharge end for the distillation apparatus 7 of organic waste 1 dry distilling process is connected with cooling device 9;The outlet of the flue gas 11 on distillation apparatus 7 top is by being connected with fume afterheat steam generator 12;Gas row's mouth of distillation apparatus 7 is connected with gas separating equipment for purification 22;Distillation apparatus 7 is provided with biomass fuel burner 34 and carbonization gas burner 26.
Gas separating equipment for purification 22 inlet end processed for gas purification separation is connected with gas row's mouth of distillation apparatus 7;Gas separating equipment for purification 22 discharge outlet is connected with oily water separating equipment 23 water inlet;Gas separating equipment for purification 22 gas outlet is by being connected with carbonization gas burner 26;Gas separating equipment for purification 22 water inlet is connected with shower water 27.
Water inlet for the draining 28 of gas separating equipment for purification 22 carries out the oily water separating equipment 23 of oil-water separation is connected with gas separating equipment for purification 22 discharge outlet, and the draining 28 after oily water separating equipment 23 processes is transported to sewage disposal device 30 by water pump 29 and carries out purified treatment;The oil drain out of oily water separating equipment 23 is connected with oil-stocking equipment 25, and the bio-oil 24 that oily water separating equipment 23 is discharged is transported in oil-stocking equipment 25 and stores.
Fume afterheat steam generator 12 gas approach is connected with the exhaust opening of distillation apparatus 7, and flue gas 11 enters in fume afterheat steam generator 12;The exhanst gas outlet of fume afterheat steam generator 12 is connected with the gas approach of heat exchanger 15;The steam (vapor) outlet of fume afterheat steam generator 12 is connected with the steam inlet of heat-accumulator tank 13, in the steam drying equipment 3 that steam 14 is entered by heat-accumulator tank 13;The water supplement port of fume afterheat steam generator 12 is connected with softening water tank 20 by small pump 21;
The gas approach of heat exchanger 15 is connected with the exhanst gas outlet of fume afterheat steam generator 12;The exhanst gas outlet of heat exchanger 15 is connected with air-introduced machine 17 air inlet by cleaner unit 16, and air-introduced machine 17 air outlet is connected with chimney 18.
The charging aperture in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 is connected with fuel hauling equipment 32, and the discharging opening in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 is connected with the charging aperture of biomass fuel burner 34.Biomass fuel 31 is entered in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 by fuel hauling equipment 32.
The charging aperture of cooling device 9 is connected with the discharge end of distillation apparatus 7;The discharging opening of cooling device 9 is connected with charcoal storehouse 10;The recirculated water water inlet of cooling device 9 is connected with the outlet of circulating pump 19;The recirculated water outlet of cooling device 9 is connected with the water inlet of heat exchanger 15;The outlet of heat exchanger 15 is connected with the recirculated water water inlet of softening water tank 20;The recirculated water outlet of softening water tank 20 is connected with the water inlet of circulating pump 19.
Embodiment
1) initially with dehydration equipment 2, sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) is carried out processed, by 98%, the moisture content of sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) is reduced to 60%-80%, and volume and weight reduces 100-200 times.Dehydration equipment 2 is known device.Can be that belt filter press, centrifugal dehydrator are or/and filter press etc..
2, the sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) of moisture content 60%-80% after processed is transported in steam drying equipment 3 it is dried process, by 60%-80%, the moisture content of sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) is reduced to≤40%, and volume and weight reduces 1.5-3 times.Steam drying equipment 3 is known device.
3, the sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) of moisture content≤40% after steam drying equipment 3 processes is transported to mummification storehouse for organic garbage 5 in is stored by machinery conveying equipment 4 (such as belt conveyor, drag conveyor or conveying worm), then be transported in distillation apparatus 7 by conveying worm 6 carry out dry distilling process make charcoal 8.Distillation apparatus 7 is known device, it is possible to adopt " a kind of equipment manufacturing charcoal " (patent No. ZL201020562292.5, Authorization Notice No. CN201825737U).
4, the charcoal 8 that distillation apparatus 7 manufactures is discharged by the discharge end of distillation apparatus 7, enters in cooling device 9 and cools down.By circulating pump 19, the softening water circulation in softening water tank 20 is transported to cooling device 9, on the one hand charcoal 8 is cooled down, utilize the softening water in heat softening water tank 20 contained in charcoal 8 simultaneously, improve the temperature of fume afterheat steam generator 12 moisturizing, reach energy-conservation effect.The flue gas 11 of distillation apparatus 7, under the effect of air-introduced machine 17, enters fume afterheat steam generator 12.Distillation apparatus 7 is provided with biomass fuel burner 34 and carbonization gas burner 26.Cooling device 9, circulating pump 19, softening water tank 20, fume afterheat steam generator 12, gas separating equipment for purification 22, biomass fuel burner 34 and carbonization gas burner 26 are known device.
5, distillation apparatus 7 is in the process of the sludge from wastewater treatment plant (organic waste 1) of dry distilling moisture content≤40%, and the gas of generation is transported in gas separating equipment for purification 22.Gas is after gas separating equipment for purification 22 processes, and fuel gas is transported to the carbonization gas burner 26 fuel as distillation apparatus 7 by gas separating equipment for purification 22 gas outlet, and shower water, condensed water and oils etc. are transported to oily water separating equipment 3 and process.The draining 28 of oily water separating equipment 23 is transported to sewage disposal device 30 by water pump 29 and carries out purified treatment, and the bio-oil 24 that oily water separating equipment 23 is discharged flows in oil-stocking equipment 25 and stores.Oily water separating equipment 23 and oil-stocking equipment 25 are known device.
6, the high-temperature flue gas 11 that distillation apparatus 7 is discharged enters fume afterheat steam generator 12, the waste heat in flue gas 11 is converted into steam 14 and delivers to storage in heat-accumulator tank 13;The flue gas that fume afterheat steam generator 12 is discharged enters heat exchanger 15, by circulating pump 19, the softening water circulation in softening water tank 20 is transported to heat exchanger 15, further with the softening water in the waste-heat softening water tank 20 in flue gas 11;The flue gas that heat exchanger 15 is discharged is transported to chimney 18 by air-introduced machine 17 and discharges.Heat-accumulator tank 13, heat exchanger 15, softening water tank 20 are known device.
7, the softening water in softening water tank 20 is transported to fume afterheat steam generator 12 by small pump 21, as the moisturizing of fume afterheat steam generator 12.
8, in order to reduce operating cost and environmental conservation; distillation apparatus 7 adopts biomass granule fuel 31 for fuel; biomass granule fuel 31 is transported in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 is stored by fuel hauling equipment 32 (such as bucket elevator or pneumatic conveyor); biomass granule fuel 31 in biomass granule fuel storehouse 33 is pipelined to biomass fuel burner 34, meets the operation needs of distillation apparatus 7.
Adopt the group technology of the present invention, the cost of organic waste is reduced 60-70%, become present aspect to have significant function reducing sludge through destructive distillation.
The present invention is by adopting dehydration, dry, dry distilling group technology, add heat recovery, adopt the natural gas that biomass fuel fictitious hosts is expensive, namely the advantage that cracking process processes organic waste resource, innoxious, environmental protection is remained, reduce the cost of dry distilling organic waste charcoal, overcome and be used alone the defect that cracking process process organic waste operating cost is high.Reach to reduce the purpose of the operating cost that dry distilling processes organic waste charcoal.

Claims (9)

1. process a device for organic waste, including:
The discharging opening of one dehydration equipment (2) connects the charging aperture of steam drying equipment (3);
The discharging opening of steam drying equipment (3) is connected with the charging aperture of distillation apparatus (7) by machinery conveying equipment (4), mummification storehouse for organic garbage (5), conveying worm (6);
Distillation apparatus (7) is provided with biomass fuel burner (34) and carbonization gas burner (26);
The discharge end of distillation apparatus (7) connects the charging aperture of cooling device (9), the discharging opening of cooling device (9) is connected with charcoal storehouse (10), the exhanst gas outlet of distillation apparatus (7) connects fume afterheat steam generator (12), and mixing gas row's mouth of distillation apparatus (7) connects the inlet end of gas separating equipment for purification (22);
The discharge outlet of gas separating equipment for purification (22) connects the water inlet of oily water separating equipment (23), the gas outlet of gas separating equipment for purification (22) connects carbonization gas burner (26), and the water inlet of gas separating equipment for purification (22) connects shower water (27);
The discharge outlet of oily water separating equipment (23) connects sewage disposal device (30), and the oil drain out of oily water separating equipment (23) connects oil-stocking equipment (25);
The exhanst gas outlet of fume afterheat steam generator (12) connects the gas approach of heat exchanger (15), the steam (vapor) outlet of fume afterheat steam generator (12) connects the steam inlet of heat-accumulator tank (13), and the water supplement port of fume afterheat steam generator (12) connects softening water tank (20);
The exhanst gas outlet of heat exchanger (15) connects the air inlet of air-introduced machine (17) by cleaner unit (16), and the air outlet of air-introduced machine (17) connects chimney (18);
The charging aperture in biomass granule fuel storehouse (33) is connected with fuel hauling equipment (32), and the discharging opening of biomass granule fuel storehouse (33) connects the charging aperture of biomass fuel burner (34);
The recirculated water water inlet of cooling device (9) connects the outlet of circulating pump (19), the recirculated water outlet of cooling device (9) connects the water inlet of heat exchanger (15), the outlet of heat exchanger (15) connects the recirculated water water inlet of softening water tank (20), and the recirculated water outlet of softening water tank (20) connects the water inlet of circulating pump (19).
2. the device of process organic waste according to claim 1, wherein, machinery conveying equipment (4) is belt conveyor, drag conveyor or conveying worm.
3. the device of process organic waste according to claim 1, wherein, fuel hauling equipment (32) carries conveyer or pneumatic conveyor for bucket.
4. the device of process organic waste according to claim 1, wherein, the water supplement port of fume afterheat steam generator (12) connects softening water tank (20) by small pump (21).
5. the device of process organic waste according to claim 1, wherein, the discharge outlet of oily water separating equipment (23) connects sewage disposal device (30) by water pump (29).
6. utilize the method that device described in claim 1 processes organic waste:
Organic waste is carried out processed by A, employing dehydration equipment, reduces organic waste moisture content, reduces the quantity of organic waste;
Organic waste after processed is dried process by B, employing steam drying equipment, reduces organic waste moisture content further, reduces the volume of organic waste further;
Organic waste after dehydration, steam drying process is carried out dry distilling process and makes charcoal by C, employing distillation apparatus;
The waste heat that dry distilling is processed in organic waste process in the high-temperature flue gas of discharge by D, employing fume afterheat steam generator reclaims, and produces steam for steam drying equipment;
The charcoal that dry distilling produces is cooled down by E, employing cooling device, is reclaimed by the heat in charcoal meanwhile, the moisturizing of heating fume afterheat steam generator;
F, the gas produced in distillation apparatus running is carried out purification separation process, and the carbonization gas produced after purification separation being processed recycles the fuel as distillation apparatus;
G, the bio-oil produced is easily separated after process reclaims in distillation apparatus running.
7. method according to claim 6, wherein, organic waste refers to the mud of the Organic substance in domestic waste, feces of livestock and poultry and municipal sewage plant.
8. the method according to claim 6 or 7, wherein, the mixing gas that organic waste produces in retort process carries out condensing, purifying and separating treatment in gas separating equipment for purification.
9. method according to claim 8, wherein, the high-temperature flue gas that distillation apparatus produces in processing organic waste process is carried out remanufacture steam by fume afterheat steam generator, and the steam of production is transported in heat-accumulator tank.
CN201410751672.6A 2014-12-10 2014-12-10 A kind of method and apparatus processing organic waste Active CN104438297B (en)

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PCT/CN2015/096794 WO2016091169A1 (en) 2014-12-10 2015-12-09 Method and apparatus for disposing organic refuse

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CN104438297B (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-07-13 密西西比国际水务有限公司 A kind of method and apparatus processing organic waste

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