CN102161908B - Biomass energy cracking kettle and biomass energy cracking method - Google Patents

Biomass energy cracking kettle and biomass energy cracking method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102161908B
CN102161908B CN2011100712290A CN201110071229A CN102161908B CN 102161908 B CN102161908 B CN 102161908B CN 2011100712290 A CN2011100712290 A CN 2011100712290A CN 201110071229 A CN201110071229 A CN 201110071229A CN 102161908 B CN102161908 B CN 102161908B
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combustion chamber
organic waste
melt
kettle
combustion
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CN102161908A (en
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王团群
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王团群
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass energy cracking kettle and a biomass energy cracking method and belongs to the technical field of reutilization of organic waste. The biomass energy cracking kettle comprises a kettle body, wherein a combustion chamber I and a combustion chamber II are arranged on the outer side of the kettle body; the kettle body passes through the middle parts of the combustion chamber I and the combustion chamber II; one outside end of the kettle body is connected with a feeding machine and the other outside end of the kettle body is connected with a melting combustion chamber; a gear transmission mechanism is arranged on the outer side of the kettle body; both of the internal bottom ends of the combustion chamber I and the combustion chamber II are provided with more than one combustor I; the melting combustion chamber is provided with more than one combustor II; one side of the outside part of each of the combustion I and the combustion II is connected with a hot air outlet pipe, and the other side of the outside part of each of the combustion I and the combustion II is connected with a preheated air inlet pipe; and the kettle body are supported by a rolling bearing I and a rolling bearing II. The biomass energy cracking method comprises: pretreating organic waste; cracking organic waste; and regenerating energy of organic waste. In the invention, a waste pollution problem is solved, and waste regeneration and recycling are realized.

Description

A kind of biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and cleavage method
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic waste and recycle the field, relate to for agricultural, forestry organic waste trans-utilization, realize the conversion field of innoxious, recycling treatment and biomass energy regeneration comprising: domestic waste, be specifically related to a kind of biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and cleavage method.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, existing biomass energy comprises: stalk, fuel wood, organic waste and industrial organic wastes etc., total resources approximately reaches 700,000,000 ton/years, and by breed improvement with enlarge the arable land cultivated area, the biomass resource amount can be turned in this level again.Along with the development of urbanization, population increases standard of living and improves, and injury people's environment is also increasing progressively.The pollution of cities and towns organic waste just occupies land resources at expanding day, has encroached on underground water source, has destroyed peripheral Air quality, has directly threatened surrounding resident healthy.How the organic waste that destroy environment for human survival can be transformed into the resource of human economic development is replenished, this is the great difficult problem that the whole world all is being devoted to capture.
Recycling organic waste is processed: namely adopt suitable method to process to organic waste, make it generate the renewable energy resources, thereby really accomplish the minimizing of rubbish, innoxious and resource utilization.Because the recycling treatment mode can be accomplished minimizing, innoxious and resource utilization, thereby in actively promoting.
And, consuming under growing situation in global resources, renewable energy source has entered fast-developing period.Thereby town and country organic waste rubbish is carried out minimizing, innoxious, recycling treatment has become to the new focus in comprehensive environmental improvement work.The personage of scientific circles has carried out scientific and technical research to organic waste resource utilization and resource regeneration at present, recycling organic waste is processed to be actually and is not being produced innocuous gas, environment is not caused in the situation of further pollution, the organic waste cracking is decomposed, comprise the fracture of macromole key, the reaction such as isomerization and micromolecular polymerization generates the primary energy resource such as flammable low molecular compound oil fuel, fuel gas of the reproducible utilization of small molecules product at last.University of domestic a lot of institute and scientific research institutions have all carried out in various degree, the organic waste heat treatment test of different scales.But so far there are no to ripe cracker and the cleavage method of effectively totally processing up hill and dale the town and country organic waste.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and cleavage method with primary energy resources such as organic waste cracking decomposition, the flammable low molecular compound oil fuel that generates the reproducible utilization of small molecules product, fuel gas.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
Described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor comprises kettle, is provided with combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II outside described kettle, and described kettle passes in the middle part of described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; The end that described kettle passes is connected with feeder, and the other end that passes is connected with the melt-combustion chamber; Separately establish outside described kettle and can drive the gear drive that kettle rotates; Inner bottom at described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II is respectively equipped with more than one burner I; Be provided with more than one burner II on described melt-combustion chamber; Be connected with hot blast in the outside of described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II one side and go out pipe, opposite side is connected with the preheated air inlet pipe; Described kettle supports by rolling bearing I and rolling bearing II.
As further improvement, described feeder comprises power system, and described power system is connected with the screw propulsion transmission rig, and described feeder top is provided with hopper.
As further improvement, described gear drive is located between described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II.
As further improvement, between described kettle and described combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II, rolling seal is connected; Between described kettle and described feeder and melt-combustion chamber, packing seal is connected.
As further improvement, be provided with the geseous fuel outlet on described feeder, described feeder passes through seat supports.
As further improvement, described hopper and geseous fuel outlet are welded on described feeder, and described hot blast goes out pipe and the preheated air inlet pipe is welded on the both sides external of described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II.
As further improvement, be provided with temperature-detecting device, pressure-detecting device and humidity detector on top, described melt-combustion chamber; Be provided with preheated air import and damp and hot steam-gas inlet in bottom, described melt-combustion chamber, be provided with viewing window in described melt-combustion outdoor, be provided with grate in described melt-combustion chamber interior lower end, be provided with slag notch in bottom, described melt-combustion chamber.
A kind of cleavage method that utilizes described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor comprises following operation:
(1) pretreatment process of organic waste
A: the broken bag of organic waste
Organic waste are transported to first broken bag in garbage bag breaking machine from garbage storing is cheated, the whole tearings of bagged garbage are opened;
B: the magnetic separation of organic waste
To be transported to refuse grinder through the organic waste of garbage bag breaking machine output with transfer mechanism and carry out fragmentation, suspending magnet device is set above described transfer mechanism, to extract with the ferrous products that rubbish jettisons, take precautions against it to the destruction of mechanism in next procedure;
C: the fragmentation of organic waste
Refuse grinder in b is crushed to organic waste the particle of 76~80mm, then exports drying machine to;
D: the drying of organic waste
The particle that is crushed to 76~80mm is transported in garage drying cabinet dehydrates, the composting that described loft drier will contain the non-classified go-on-go of 30%~40% moisture of having an appointment carries out drying treatment;
E: the pulverizing of organic waste
Dried organic waste are delivered in pulverizer thoroughly pulverized, the organic waste diameter after pulverizing is 10~15mm, then sends in biomass energy pyrolysis reactor;
(2) the cracking operation of organic waste
The organic waste of processing through step (1) are delivered to kettle inside through the feeder of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and are carried out cracking and decompose, and the cracking decomposition condition is as follows:
A: oxygen barrier destructive distillation
In described kettle, combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II and the indoor cracking reaction of melt-combustion, all adopt the reaction of oxygen barrier semicoke, the generation of stopping dioxin;
B: decompose in the I of combustion chamber
In the I of control combustion chamber, temperature is 450~550 ℃;
C: decompose in the II of combustion chamber
In the II of control combustion chamber, temperature is 500~750 ℃;
D: the pyrolytic decomposition that melt-combustion is indoor
Controlling the melt-combustion room temp is 1100~1200 ℃;
(3) the energy regeneration operation of organic waste
Organic waste can generate different substances after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, with generating portion waste gas, it is carried out reusing of energy source process in pretreatment process and cracking operation;
A: hydrocarbon extraction and processing
Organic waste after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, the oil gas of generation, by deposition, cooling after, separate through cyclonic separator and oil-gas separator, liquid oils enters storage tank, as the newborn energy; Gas after entering storage tank stores, uses as the newborn energy after the effect of gas purifier and air compressor;
B: solid matter is processed
The lime-ash that slag notch through described melting combustion chamber gives off, the large percentage that native ash accounts for wherein contains glass ball and metal species ball, and lime-ash mixing clay is fired into municipal administration and civilian brick material; Glass ball and metal species ball etc. are fired into municipal administration and civilian building materials;
C: the recycle of waste heat gas
The indoor pyrolytic decomposition that carries out of the obnoxious flavour described melt-combustion of access that produces in the process of organic waste drying, decomposition temperature is controlled at 1100~1200 ℃;
Use as thermal source in the hot gas part access rubbish drying machine that will produce in described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; Use as warm air another part access melt-combustion chamber;
The hot gas of firing the generation of municipal administration and civilian brick material and building materials in b is accessed in rubbish drying machine use as thermal source.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the garbage bag breaking machine that the broken bag of organic waste is selected comprises frame, is provided with spine bed I at described upper rack, is provided with spine bed II in described frame lower; Described spine bed II is located at the vertical lower of described spine bed I; Be provided with the bag-crusher hopper that enters for rubbish at described upper rack, described bag-crusher hopper is positioned at level one side of described spine bed I; Be provided with the blanking barrel that is attached thereto below described bag-crusher hopper; The lower port of rectifying described blanking barrel of described spine bed II; Described spine bed I comprises spine bed I body, is interval with sharp knife I on described spine bed I body; Described spine bed II comprises bag-crusher power system, belt wheel I, belt wheel II, and the steel band that coordinates with belt wheel I, belt wheel II; Described bag-crusher power system output shaft is connected with belt wheel I, is interval with sharp knife II on outside described steel band; The tip of described sharp knife II is relative with the most advanced and sophisticated interval of described sharp knife I.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the transfer mechanism that the magnetic separation of organic waste is selected is the similar structure for conveying that uses on rubble field or mine.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, it is the stoning machine that adopts on rubble field or mine that organic waste are carried out broken refuse grinder.
As shown in Figure 4, in the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the dry loft drier that adopts of organic waste comprises insulation can, inner upper end at described insulation can is provided with the burning drying machine, is provided with drying machine I and drying machine II in the interior lower end of described insulation can; Described insulation can is stretched out at the two ends of described burning drying machine, and the end that described burning drying machine stretches out is connected with the drying machine power system, and the other end that stretches out is provided with the opening for feed that enters for rubbish; Be provided with the screw propulsion transmission rig in described burning dryer inner upper end, described transmission rig one side is connected with described loft drier power system, and opposite side and described opening for feed join; Described burning dryer inner lower end is provided with more than one drying machine burner; Be provided with the discharge port that flows out for preliminary hydro-extraction rubbish on burning drying machine one side that is positioned at described insulation can inside; Described drying machine I is positioned at the vertical lower of described burning drying machine, and described drying machine I outside is provided with opening for feed I and the discharge port I that enters and flow out for rubbish; Described opening for feed I is positioned at the discharge port vertical lower of described burning drying machine; Described drying machine I inside is provided with the transmission rig I of transportation rubbish and the heat-source Cycles pipe I of garbage drying; Described heat-source Cycles pipe I is uniformly distributed in described transmission rig I below; Described transmission rig I one side and opening for feed I join, and opposite side and described discharge port I join; Be provided with in described drying machine I outside the power system I that power is provided for described transmission rig I; Described drying machine II is positioned at the vertical lower of described drying machine I; Described drying machine II outside is provided with opening for feed II and the discharge port II that enters and flow out for rubbish; Described opening for feed II is positioned at the discharge port I vertical lower of described drying machine I, and described discharge port II stretches out the outside of described insulation can; Described drying machine II inside is provided with the transmission rig II of transportation rubbish and the heat-source Cycles pipe II of garbage drying; Described heat-source Cycles pipe II is uniformly distributed in described transmission rig II below; Described transmission rig II one side and opening for feed II join, and opposite side and described discharge port II join; Be provided with in described drying machine II outside the power system II that power is provided for described transmission rig II; Described garage drying cabinet also comprises the thermal source inlet pipe; The end of described heat-source Cycles pipe I and heat-source Cycles pipe II is connected with described thermal source inlet pipe.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the pulverizer that the pulverizing of organic waste is adopted is the pulverizer for adopting on rubble field or mine.
The invention has the advantages that: described this biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and cleavage method, after the inflammable substance thermo-cracking in organic waste in agricultural and forest industries or domestic waste, each low bond energy group has comprised the fracture of macromole key, the reaction such as isomerization and micromolecular polymerization generates flammable low molecular compound oil fuel, the fuel gas primary energy resource of the reproducible utilization of small molecules product at last; The flow control of heating rapidly or engineering and the processing method of efficiency balance of solid refuse have been realized; Process domestic waste by the technology of the present invention, its regeneration system rapidly has the unnecessary energy to supply outward outside satisfying the refuse treatment energy consumption; The present invention, its operational path is steady and simple and direct, and is implicit dangerous or the link of the High Temperature High Pressure operation of special requirement is arranged, and automatically is controlled to be the master with collective and distributive type, reduces in large quantities manpower and prepares; Whole treating processes continuity is safe and reliable, closed automatic control operation, environment clean hygiene.One aspect of the present invention has solved the organic waste pollution problem, has realized on the other hand the organic waste recycling utilization.
Description of drawings
The below is briefly described the content of each width accompanying drawing expression of specification sheets of the present invention and the mark in figure:
Fig. 1 is described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor structural representation;
Fig. 2 is described biomass energy cleavage method process flow sheet;
Fig. 3 is garbage bag breaking machine structural representation described in described biomass energy cleavage method step (1);
Fig. 4 is garage drying cabinet structural representation described in described biomass energy cleavage method step (1);
Mark in above-mentioned figure is:
1, kettle, 2, combustion chamber I, 3, combustion chamber II, 4, feeder, 5, the melt-combustion chamber, 6, hot blast goes out pipe, 7, the preheated air inlet pipe, 8, burner I, 9, burner II, 10, rolling bearing I, 11, rolling bearing II, 12, power system, 13, hopper, 14, the geseous fuel outlet, 15, gear drive, 16, bearing, 17, temperature-detecting device, 18, pressure-detecting device, 19, humidity detector, 20, slag notch, 21, the preheated air import, 22, damp and hot vapor outlet port, 23, viewing window, 24, grate, 25, the pretreatment process of organic waste, 26, the cracking operation of organic waste, 27, the energy regeneration operation of organic waste, 28, frame, 29, spine bed I, 30, spine bed II, 31, the bag-crusher hopper, 32, blanking barrel, 33, sharp knife I, 34, the bag-crusher power system, 35, belt wheel II, 36, steel band, 37, sharp knife II, 38, insulation can, 39, the burning drying machine, 40, drying machine I, 41, drying machine II, 42, the loft drier power system, 43, opening for feed, 44, the loft drier burner, 45, discharge port, 46, opening for feed I, 47, discharge port I, 48, heat-source Cycles pipe I, 49, opening for feed II, 50, discharge port II, 51, heat-source Cycles pipe II, 52, the thermal source inlet pipe.
Embodiment
The below contrasts accompanying drawing, by the description to embodiment, effect and principle of work, manufacturing process and operation using method etc. to the mutual alignment between the shape of the specific embodiment of the present invention such as related each member, structure, each several part and annexation, each several part, be described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art, design of the present invention, technical scheme had more complete, accurate and deep understanding.
As shown in Figure 1, as shown in Figure 1, described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor comprises kettle 1, is provided with combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 in described kettle 1 outside, and described kettle 1 passes described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 middle parts; The end that described kettle 1 passes is connected with feeder 4, and the other end that passes is connected with melt-combustion chamber 5; Separately establish in described kettle 1 outside and can drive the gear drive 15 that kettle 1 rotates; Inner bottom at described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 is respectively equipped with more than one burner I 8; Be provided with more than one burner II 9 on described melt-combustion chamber 5; Be connected with hot blast in the outside of described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 one side and go out pipe 6, opposite side is connected with preheated air inlet pipe 7; Described kettle 1 supports by rolling bearing I 10 and rolling bearing II 11.
Described preheated air inlet pipe 7 can the warm air that burner I 8 is required be sent to described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 inside, described hot blast goes out pipe 6 and is equivalent to the updraft type airduct, the waste gas of can in time bleeding on the one hand, can play on the other hand the combustion-supporting effect of wind-force, guarantee the combustion efficacy of combustion chamber device I 8.
described feeder 4, comprise power system 12, described power system 12 is connected with the screw propulsion transmission rig, described feeder 4 tops are provided with hopper 13, need to process biomass and enter feeder 4 inside from hopper 13, then after sending into described kettle 1 inside by the screw propulsion transmission rig, described kettle 1 evenly rotates under the effect of described gear drive 15, biomass are inner evenly mobile at kettle 1, at first evenly thermolysis under the effect of combustion chamber I 2 inner burner I 8 in the process that biomass move, evenly decompose under the effect of combustion chamber II3 inner burner I 8 again, enter again melt-combustion chamber 5 and carry out high temperature pyrolysis.For guaranteeing the recycle of resource, the waste gas part access garage drying cabinet that described hot blast is gone out after the burnings that pipe 6 extracts out uses as warm air, another part is sent into the carbon black combustion chamber as thermal source, sends into loft drier after burning as thermal source again, reduces energy consumption as rubbish delivery vehicles gas.
For guaranteeing that described gear drive 15 can drive described kettle 1 and evenly rotate, guarantee the stationarity of its work, described gear drive 15 is located between described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3.
For guaranteeing kettle 1 thermolysis effect in described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3, need to guarantee the stopping property between described kettle 1 and described combustion chamber I 2, combustion chamber II 3, feeder 4 and melt-combustion chamber 5, and described kettle 1 evenly rotates under the effect of described gear drive 15, and between described kettle 1 and described combustion chamber I 2, combustion chamber II 3, rolling seal is connected; Between described kettle 1 and described feeder 4 and melt-combustion chamber 5, packing seal is connected.
Biomass need pick out described kettle 1 to realize the regeneration of the energy at the geseous fuel that obtains through combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3 thermolysiss, therefore be provided with geseous fuel outlet 14 on described feeder 4, described feeder 4 supports by bearing 16.
Described hopper 13 and geseous fuel outlet 14 are welded on described feeder 4, and described hot blast goes out pipe 6 and preheated air inlet pipe 7 is welded on the both sides external of described combustion chamber I 2 and combustion chamber II 3.
Because the described biomass in 5 pairs of chambers of described melt-combustion are carried out high temperature pyrolysis, realize the cracking decomposition, need the accurately parameters such as the described melt-combustion of control chamber 5 internal pressures, temperature humidity, be provided with temperature-detecting device 17, pressure-detecting device 18 and humidity detector 19 on 5 tops, described melt-combustion chamber; Burner II 9 desired gas during for assurance cracking decomposition reaction, be provided with preheated air import 21 and damp and hot vapor outlet port 22 in 5 bottoms, described melt-combustion chamber, situation for ease of the chamber 5 inner cracking reactions of controlled observation melt-combustion, be provided with viewing window 23 in 5 outsides, described observation melt-combustion chamber, be provided with grate 24 in described melt-combustion chamber 5 interior lower end, be provided with slag notch 20 in 5 bottoms, described melt-combustion chamber.
As shown in Figure 2, utilize the cleavage method of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor body, comprise following examples:
Embodiment one
A kind of cleavage method that utilizes described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor comprises following operation:
(1) pretreatment process of organic waste
A: the broken bag of organic waste
Organic waste are transported to first broken bag in garbage bag breaking machine from garbage storing is cheated, the whole tearings of bagged garbage are opened;
B: the magnetic separation of organic waste
To be transported to refuse grinder through the organic waste of garbage bag breaking machine output with transfer mechanism and carry out fragmentation, suspending magnet device is set above described transfer mechanism, to extract with the ferrous products that rubbish jettisons, take precautions against it to the destruction of mechanism in next procedure;
C: the fragmentation of organic waste
Refuse grinder in b is crushed to organic waste the particle of 76mm, then exports drying machine to;
D: the drying of organic waste
The particle that is crushed to 76mm is transported in garage drying cabinet dehydrates, the composting that described loft drier will contain the non-classified go-on-go of 30%~40% moisture of having an appointment carries out drying treatment;
E: the pulverizing of organic waste
Dried organic waste are delivered in pulverizer thoroughly pulverized, the organic waste diameter after pulverizing is 10mm, then sends in biomass energy pyrolysis reactor;
(2) the cracking operation of organic waste
The organic waste of processing through step (1) are delivered to kettle inside through the feeder of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and are carried out cracking and decompose, and the cracking decomposition condition is as follows:
A: oxygen barrier destructive distillation
In described kettle, combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II and the indoor cracking reaction of melt-combustion, all adopt the reaction of oxygen barrier semicoke, the generation of stopping dioxin;
B: decompose in the I of combustion chamber
In the I of control combustion chamber, temperature is 550 ℃;
C: decompose in the II of combustion chamber
In the II of control combustion chamber, temperature is 600 ℃;
D: the pyrolytic decomposition that melt-combustion is indoor
Controlling the melt-combustion room temp is 1100 ℃;
(3) the energy regeneration operation of organic waste
Organic waste can generate different substances after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, with generating portion waste gas, it is carried out reusing of energy source process in pretreatment process and cracking operation;
A: hydrocarbon extraction and processing
Organic waste after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, the oil gas of generation, by deposition, cooling after, separate through cyclonic separator and oil-gas separator, liquid oils enters storage tank, as the newborn energy; Gas after entering storage tank stores, uses as the newborn energy after the effect of gas purifier and air compressor;
B: solid matter is processed
The lime-ash that slag notch through described melting combustion chamber gives off, the large percentage that native ash accounts for wherein contains glass ball and metal species ball, and lime-ash mixing clay is fired into municipal administration and civilian brick material; Glass ball and metal species ball etc. are fired into municipal administration and civilian building materials;
C: the recycle of waste heat gas
The indoor pyrolytic decomposition that carries out of the obnoxious flavour described melt-combustion of access that produces in the process of organic waste drying, decomposition temperature is controlled at 1200 ℃;
Use as thermal source in the hot gas part access rubbish drying machine that will produce in described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; Use as warm air another part access melt-combustion chamber;
The hot gas of firing the generation of municipal administration and civilian brick material and building materials in b is accessed in rubbish drying machine use as thermal source.
Embodiment two
A kind of cleavage method that utilizes described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor comprises following operation:
(1) pretreatment process of organic waste
A: the broken bag of organic waste
Organic waste are transported to first broken bag in garbage bag breaking machine from garbage storing is cheated, the whole tearings of bagged garbage are opened;
B: the magnetic separation of organic waste
To be transported to refuse grinder through the organic waste of garbage bag breaking machine output with transfer mechanism and carry out fragmentation, suspending magnet device is set above described transfer mechanism, to extract with the ferrous products that rubbish jettisons, take precautions against it to the destruction of mechanism in next procedure;
C: the fragmentation of organic waste
Refuse grinder in b is crushed to organic waste the particle of 80mm, then exports drying machine to;
D: the drying of organic waste
The particle that is crushed to 80mm is transported in garage drying cabinet dehydrates, the composting that described loft drier will contain the non-classified go-on-go of 30%~40% moisture of having an appointment carries out drying treatment;
E: the pulverizing of organic waste
Dried organic waste are delivered in pulverizer thoroughly pulverized, the organic waste diameter after pulverizing is 15mm, then sends in biomass energy pyrolysis reactor;
(2) the cracking operation of organic waste
The organic waste of processing through step (1) are delivered to kettle inside through the feeder of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and are carried out cracking and decompose, and the cracking decomposition condition is as follows:
A: oxygen barrier destructive distillation
In described kettle, combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II and the indoor cracking reaction of melt-combustion, all adopt the reaction of oxygen barrier semicoke, the generation of stopping dioxin;
B: decompose in the I of combustion chamber
In the I of control combustion chamber, temperature is 450 ℃;
C: decompose in the II of combustion chamber
In the II of control combustion chamber, temperature is 750 ℃;
D: the pyrolytic decomposition that melt-combustion is indoor
Controlling the melt-combustion room temp is 1150 ℃;
(3) the energy regeneration operation of organic waste
Organic waste can generate different substances after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, with generating portion waste gas, it is carried out reusing of energy source process in pretreatment process and cracking operation;
A: hydrocarbon extraction and processing
Organic waste after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, the oil gas of generation, by deposition, cooling after, separate through cyclonic separator and oil-gas separator, liquid oils enters storage tank, as the newborn energy; Gas after entering storage tank stores, uses as the newborn energy after the effect of gas purifier and air compressor;
B: solid matter is processed
The lime-ash that slag notch through described melting combustion chamber gives off, the large percentage that native ash accounts for wherein contains glass ball and metal species ball, and lime-ash mixing clay is fired into municipal administration and civilian brick material; Glass ball and metal species ball etc. are fired into municipal administration and civilian building materials;
C: the recycle of waste heat gas
The indoor pyrolytic decomposition that carries out of the obnoxious flavour described melt-combustion of access that produces in the process of organic waste drying, decomposition temperature is controlled at 1200 ℃;
Use as thermal source in the hot gas part access rubbish drying machine that will produce in described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; Use as warm air another part access melt-combustion chamber;
The hot gas of firing the generation of municipal administration and civilian brick material and building materials in b is accessed in rubbish drying machine use as thermal source.
Embodiment three
A kind of cleavage method that utilizes biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: comprise following operation:
(1) pretreatment process of organic waste
A: the broken bag of organic waste
Organic waste are transported to first broken bag in garbage bag breaking machine from garbage storing is cheated, the whole tearings of bagged garbage are opened;
B: the magnetic separation of organic waste
To be transported to refuse grinder through the organic waste of garbage bag breaking machine output with transfer mechanism and carry out fragmentation, suspending magnet device is set above described transfer mechanism, to extract with the ferrous products that rubbish jettisons, take precautions against it to the destruction of mechanism in next procedure;
C: the fragmentation of organic waste
Refuse grinder in b is crushed to organic waste the particle of 78mm, then exports drying machine to;
D: the drying of organic waste
The particle that is crushed to 78mm is transported in garage drying cabinet dehydrates, the composting that described loft drier will contain the non-classified go-on-go of 30%~40% moisture of having an appointment carries out drying treatment;
E: the pulverizing of organic waste
Dried organic waste are delivered in pulverizer thoroughly pulverized, the organic waste diameter after pulverizing is 12mm, then sends in biomass energy pyrolysis reactor;
(2) the cracking operation of organic waste
The organic waste of processing through step (1) are delivered to kettle inside through the feeder of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and are carried out cracking and decompose, and the cracking decomposition condition is as follows:
A: oxygen barrier destructive distillation
In described kettle, combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II and the indoor cracking reaction of melt-combustion, all adopt the reaction of oxygen barrier semicoke, the generation of stopping dioxin;
B: decompose in the I of combustion chamber
In the I of control combustion chamber, temperature is 500 ℃;
C: decompose in the II of combustion chamber
In the II of control combustion chamber, temperature is 500 ℃;
D: the pyrolytic decomposition that melt-combustion is indoor
Controlling the melt-combustion room temp is 1100 ℃;
(3) the energy regeneration operation of organic waste
Organic waste can generate different substances after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, with generating portion waste gas, it is carried out reusing of energy source process in pretreatment process and cracking operation;
A: hydrocarbon extraction and processing
Organic waste after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, the oil gas of generation, by deposition, cooling after, separate through cyclonic separator and oil-gas separator, liquid oils enters storage tank, as the newborn energy; Gas after entering storage tank stores, uses as the newborn energy after the effect of gas purifier and air compressor;
B: solid matter is processed
The lime-ash that slag notch through described melting combustion chamber gives off, the large percentage that native ash accounts for wherein contains glass ball and metal species ball, and lime-ash mixing clay is fired into municipal administration and civilian brick material; Glass ball and metal species ball etc. are fired into municipal administration and civilian building materials;
C: the recycle of waste heat gas
The indoor pyrolytic decomposition that carries out of the obnoxious flavour described melt-combustion of access that produces in the process of organic waste drying, decomposition temperature is controlled at 1150 ℃;
Use as thermal source in the hot gas part access rubbish drying machine that will produce in described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; Use as warm air another part access melt-combustion chamber;
The hot gas of firing the generation of municipal administration and civilian brick material and building materials in b is accessed in rubbish drying machine use as thermal source.
As shown in Figure 3, in the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the garbage bag breaking machine that the broken bag of organic waste is selected comprises frame 28, is provided with spine bed I 29 on described frame 28 tops, is provided with spine bed II 30 in described frame 28 bottoms; Described spine bed II 30 is located at the vertical lower of described spine bed I 29; Be provided with the bag-crusher hopper 31 that enters for rubbish on described frame 28 tops, described bag-crusher hopper 31 is positioned at level one side of described spine bed I 29; Be provided with the blanking barrel 32 that is attached thereto below described bag-crusher hopper 31; The lower port of rectifying described blanking barrel 32 of described spine bed II 30; Described spine bed I 29 comprises spine bed I body, is interval with sharp knife I 33 on described spine bed I body; Described spine bed II 30 comprises bag-crusher power system 34, belt wheel I, belt wheel II 35, and the steel band 36 that coordinates with belt wheel I, belt wheel II35; Described bag-crusher power system 34 output shafts are connected with belt wheel I, are interval with sharp knife II 37 on described steel band 36 outsides; The tip of described sharp knife II 37 is relative with the most advanced and sophisticated interval of described sharp knife I 33.
after bagged garbage enters blanking barrel 32 by bag-crusher hopper 31, fall sharp knife II 37 tips of described spine bed II 30, this moment is under the drive of bag-crusher power system 34, steel band 36 drives the bagged garbage quick travel, bagged garbage runs into the lasting drag effect at sharp knife I 33 tips of described spine bed I 29 in mobile process, bagged garbage is torn up by drawing crack under the interaction at sharp knife I 33 and sharp knife II 37 tips, by the rubbish that torn up the drive of steel band 36 drop to described frame 28 below, below described frame 28, transfer mechanism is set, be transported to next operation.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the transfer mechanism that the magnetic separation of organic waste is selected is the similar structure for conveying that uses on rubble field or mine.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, it is the stoning machine that adopts on rubble field or mine that organic waste are carried out broken refuse grinder.
As shown in Figure 4, in the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the dry garage drying cabinet that adopts of organic waste, comprise insulation can 38, be provided with burning drying machine 39 in the inner upper end of described insulation can 38, be provided with drying machine I 40 and drying machine II 41 in the interior lower end of described insulation can 38; Described insulation can 38 is stretched out at the two ends of described burning drying machine 39, and the end that described burning drying machine 39 stretches out is connected with loft drier power system 42, and the other end that stretches out is provided with the opening for feed 43 that enters for rubbish; Be provided with the screw propulsion transmission rig in described burning drying machine 39 inner upper end, described transmission rig one side is connected with described drying machine power system 42, and opposite side and described opening for feed 43 join; Described burning drying machine 39 interior lower end are provided with more than one drying machine burner 44; Be provided with the discharge port 45 that flows out for preliminary hydro-extraction rubbish on burning drying machine 39 1 sides that are positioned at described insulation can 38 inside; Described drying machine I 40 is positioned at the vertical lower of described burning drying machine 39, and described drying machine I 40 outsides are provided with opening for feed 46I and the discharge port I 47 that enters and flow out for rubbish; Described opening for feed I 47 is positioned at discharge port 43 vertical lower of described burning drying machine 39; Described drying machine I 40 inside are provided with the transmission rig I of transportation rubbish and the heat-source Cycles pipe I 48 of garbage drying; Described heat-source Cycles pipe I 48 is uniformly distributed in described transmission rig I below; Described transmission rig I one side and opening for feed I 46 join, and opposite side and described discharge port I 47 join; Be provided with in described drying machine I 40 outsides the power system I that power is provided for described transmission rig I; Described drying machine II 41 is positioned at the vertical lower of described drying machine I 40; Described drying machine II 41 outsides are provided with opening for feed II 49 and the discharge port II 50 that enters and flow out for rubbish; Described opening for feed II 49 is positioned at discharge port I 47 vertical lower of described drying machine I 40, and described discharge port II 50 stretches out the outside of described insulation can 38; Described drying machine II 41 inside are provided with the transmission rig II of transportation rubbish and the heat-source Cycles pipe II 51 of garbage drying; Described heat-source Cycles pipe II 51 is uniformly distributed in described transmission rig II below; Described transmission rig II one side and opening for feed II 49 join, and opposite side and described discharge port II 50 join; Be provided with in described drying machine II 41 outsides the power system II that power is provided for described transmission rig II; Described garage drying cabinet also comprises thermal source inlet pipe 52; The end of described heat-source Cycles pipe I 48 and heat-source Cycles pipe II 51 is connected with described thermal source inlet pipe 52.
In the pretreatment process of described step (1) organic waste, the pulverizer that the pulverizing of organic waste is adopted is the pulverizer that adopts on rubble field or mine.
The above is exemplarily described the present invention; obviously specific implementation of the present invention is not subject to the restrictions described above; as long as adopted the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present invention design and technical scheme carry out; or without improving, design of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. biomass energy pyrolysis reactor is characterized in that: comprise kettle (1), be provided with combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3) in described kettle (1) outside, described kettle (1) passes described combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3) middle part; The end that described kettle (1) passes is connected with feeder (4), and the other end that passes is connected with melt-combustion chamber (5); Separately establish outside described kettle (1) and can drive the gear drive (15) that kettle (1) rotates; Inner bottom in described combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3) is respectively equipped with more than one burner I (8); Be provided with more than one burner II (9) on described melt-combustion chamber (5); Be connected with hot blast in outside one side of described combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3) and go out pipe (6), opposite side is connected with preheated air inlet pipe (7); Described kettle (1) supports by rolling bearing I (10) and rolling bearing II (11).
2. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeder (4), comprise power system (12), described power system (12) is connected with the screw propulsion transmission rig, and described feeder (4) top is provided with hopper (13).
3. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described gear drive (15) is located between described combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3).
4. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: between described kettle (1) and described combustion chamber I (2), combustion chamber II (3), rolling seal is connected, and between described kettle and described feeder (4) and melt-combustion chamber (5), packing seal is connected.
5. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: be provided with geseous fuel outlet (14) on described feeder (4), described feeder (4) supports by bearing (16).
6. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described hopper (13) and geseous fuel outlet (14) are welded on described feeder (4), and described hot blast goes out pipe (6) and preheated air inlet pipe (7) is welded on the both sides external of described combustion chamber I (2) and combustion chamber II (3).
7. according to biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: be provided with temperature-detecting device (17), pressure-detecting device (18) and humidity detector (19) on top, described melt-combustion chamber (5); Be provided with preheated air import (21) and damp and hot steam-gas inlet (22) in bottom, described melt-combustion chamber (5), be provided with viewing window (23) in outside, described melt-combustion chamber (5), interior lower end is provided with grate (24) in described melt-combustion chamber (5), is provided with slag notch (20) in bottom, described melt-combustion chamber (5).
8. cleavage method that utilizes biomass energy pyrolysis reactor claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: comprise following operation:
(1) pretreatment process of organic waste
A: the broken bag of organic waste
Organic waste are transported to first broken bag in garbage bag breaking machine from garbage storing is cheated, the whole tearings of bagged garbage are opened;
B: the magnetic separation of organic waste
To be transported to refuse grinder through the organic waste of garbage bag breaking machine output with transfer mechanism and carry out fragmentation, suspending magnet device is set above described transfer mechanism, to extract with the ferrous products that rubbish jettisons, take precautions against it to the destruction of mechanism in next procedure;
C: the fragmentation of organic waste
Refuse grinder in b is crushed to organic waste the particle of 76~80 ㎜, then exports drying machine to;
D: the drying of organic waste
The particle that is crushed to 76~80 ㎜ is transported in garage drying cabinet dehydrates, the composting that described loft drier will contain the non-classified go-on-go of 30%~40% moisture carries out drying treatment;
E: the pulverizing of organic waste
Dried organic waste are delivered in pulverizer thoroughly pulverized, the organic waste diameter after pulverizing is 10~15 ㎜, then sends in biomass energy pyrolysis reactor;
(2) the cracking operation of organic waste
The organic waste of processing through step (1) are delivered to kettle inside through the feeder of described biomass energy pyrolysis reactor and are carried out cracking and decompose, and the cracking decomposition condition is as follows:
A: oxygen barrier destructive distillation
In described kettle, combustion chamber I, combustion chamber II and the indoor cracking reaction of melt-combustion, all adopt the reaction of oxygen barrier semicoke, the generation of stopping dioxin;
B: decompose in the I of combustion chamber
In the I of control combustion chamber, temperature is 450~550 ℃;
C: decompose in the II of combustion chamber
In the II of control combustion chamber, temperature is 500~750 ℃;
D: the pyrolytic decomposition that melt-combustion is indoor
Controlling the melt-combustion room temp is 1100~1200 ℃;
(3) the energy regeneration operation of organic waste
Organic waste can generate different substances after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, with generating portion waste gas, it is carried out reusing of energy source process in pretreatment process and cracking operation;
A: hydrocarbon extraction and processing
Organic waste after the indoor cracking of melt-combustion is decomposed, the oil gas of generation, by deposition, cooling after, separate through cyclonic separator and oil-gas separator, liquid oils enters storage tank, as the newborn energy; Gas after entering storage tank stores, uses as the newborn energy after the effect of gas purifier and air compressor;
B: solid matter is processed
The lime-ash that slag notch through described melting combustion chamber gives off, the large percentage that native ash accounts for wherein contains glass ball and metal species ball, and lime-ash mixing clay is fired into municipal administration and civilian brick material; Glass ball and metal species ball etc. are fired into municipal administration and civilian building materials;
C: the recycle of waste heat gas
The indoor pyrolytic decomposition that carries out of the obnoxious flavour described melt-combustion of access that produces in the process of organic waste drying, decomposition temperature is controlled at 1100~1200 ℃;
Use as thermal source in the hot gas part access rubbish drying machine that will produce in described combustion chamber I and combustion chamber II; Use as warm air another part access melt-combustion chamber;
The hot gas of firing the generation of municipal administration and civilian brick material and building materials in b is accessed in rubbish drying machine use as thermal source.
CN2011100712290A 2011-03-24 2011-03-24 Biomass energy cracking kettle and biomass energy cracking method Expired - Fee Related CN102161908B (en)

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CN2219299Y (en) * 1995-01-16 1996-02-07 杨森威 Cracking still for waste plastics
CN2352530Y (en) * 1998-05-25 1999-12-08 熊文斌 Equipment for continuously producing diesel and gasoline by using waste plastic as raw material
JP4650985B2 (en) * 2001-08-06 2011-03-16 ヤンマー株式会社 Biomass gasification method and apparatus
DE102006040148A1 (en) * 2006-08-26 2008-02-28 Grigarczik, Gunther Heated reactor, reformer or cracker for gases, liquids or solids, introduces heat centrally using internal heat exchanger optionally in combination with externally-heated heat exchanger
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