CN104287074B - Dried fruit color changing method and device - Google Patents

Dried fruit color changing method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104287074B
CN104287074B CN201410574337.3A CN201410574337A CN104287074B CN 104287074 B CN104287074 B CN 104287074B CN 201410574337 A CN201410574337 A CN 201410574337A CN 104287074 B CN104287074 B CN 104287074B
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China
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chain belt
transmission chain
housing
water
hot
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CN201410574337.3A
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CN104287074A (en
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艾尼瓦尔·阿西木
卡哈尔·买合木提
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TURPAN BAIKERI FRUIT Co Ltd
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TURPAN BAIKERI FRUIT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of dried fruit processing, in particular to a dried fruit color changing method and device. The method includes the steps of firstly, using steam to perform color changing on washed current raisins for 20-80 minutes, wherein the temperature of the steam is 100-194 DEG C, and steam pressure is 0.4-0.6 MPa. The device is reasonable and compact in structure, convenient to use, stable in operation and good in color changing effect, color changing of the current raisins is achieved by the coordination of a first transmission chain belt, a second transmission chain belt, a third transmission chain belt, an upper steam pipe, a lower steam pipe, an axial flow fan and a heating device, the current raisins are even in color, soft, plump and good in taste after color changing, the raisins are prevented from sticking together, grades of the current raisins are increased greatly, and incomes of farmers are increased.

Description

Dry fruit color changing method and dry fruit color-changing device
Technical field
The present invention relates to dry fruit processing technology field, it is a kind of dry fruit color changing method and dry fruit color-changing device.
Background technology
Dry fruit processing industry development at present is very fast, and the color and luster of the color and luster especially dried Fructus Vitis viniferae of dry fruit is to determine dried Fructus Vitis viniferae credit rating Key factor.Because various factors part dried Fructus Vitis viniferae can occur complexion changed during dry in the sun dried Fructus Vitis viniferae, these Fructus Vitis viniferae occur Dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after complexion changed we term it currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae, currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae compare with normal dried Fructus Vitis viniferae be off color, shrivelled, mouth Sense difference and not softness, have had a strong impact on the credit rating of normal dried Fructus Vitis viniferae, Normal practice is from normal Portugal by currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae Grape detect in doing, and the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after detection can only be thrown away or be undersold, and cause very big warp to Planting household Ji loss.
Content of the invention
The invention provides a kind of dry fruit color changing method and dry fruit color-changing device, overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned prior art, It effectively solving existing currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae can only be thrown away or be undersold, and causes very big economic loss to Planting household Problem.
One of technical scheme is realized by following measures:A kind of dry fruit color changing method, including enforcement The dry fruit color-changing device of the method, this dry fruit color-changing device include from right-to-left setting the first fixed mount, the second fixed mount and 3rd fixed mount;The method is carried out in the steps below:The first step, the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after wash clean is carried out at variable color with steam Reason 20 minutes to 80 minutes, vapor (steam) temperature is 100 DEG C to 194 DEG C, and steam pressure is 0.4MP to 0.6MPa;Second step, currency Portugal Grape carry out hot blast cooling and drying by axial flow blower after doing variable color and process 20 minutes to 80 minutes, and hot blast temperature is 30 DEG C to 90 ℃;3rd step, carries out natural wind cooling and drying by axial flow blower again after hot blast cooling and drying and processes 10 minutes to 40 minutes, from So the temperature of wind is 20 DEG C to 50 DEG C, and natural wind cooling and drying obtains variable color dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after processing.
Further optimization and/or improvements to foregoing invention technical scheme one of are presented herein below:
In above-mentioned second step, the rotating speed of axial flow blower is 1200 revs/min to 1450 revs/min;In 3rd step, axle stream wind The rotating speed of machine is 1200 revs/min to 1450 revs/min.
Above-mentioned hot blast is the hot blast after air filter filtration;Or/and, natural wind is the nature after air filter filtration Wind.
The two of technical scheme are realized by following measures:A kind of dry fruit variable color of dry fruit color changing method Device, including the first fixed mount arranging from right-to-left, the second fixed mount and the 3rd fixed mount;Left on the top of the first fixed mount Side, upper right, respectively the first sprocket wheel is provided with by axle on the right side of on the left of middle part and middle part, four the first sprocket wheels pass through first and pass Send chain belt to link together, in the outside of the first fixed mount, the first actuating device, the first transmission dress are installed with by bearing Put and linked together by chain with first sprocket wheel, be installed with and first by support above the first transmission chain belt The corresponding steam spray device of transmission chain belt;On the left of the upper left-hand of the second fixed mount, upper right, middle part and middle part is right Side is separately installed with the second sprocket wheel by axle, and four the second sprocket wheels are linked together by the second transmission chain belt, the second conveyer chain The discharge end of the feed end of band and the first transmission chain belt is corresponding, is installed with the in the outside of the second fixed mount by bearing Two actuating devices, the second actuating device and second sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, on the top of the second transmission chain belt It is installed with least two axial flow blower, the second transmission chain belt above axial flow blower by support and bottom between Upper and lower between heater is installed with by support, the upper left-hand of the 3rd fixed mount, upper right, in On the left of portion and on the right side of middle part, the 3rd sprocket wheel is separately installed with by axle, four the 3rd sprocket wheels are connected to one by the 3rd transmission chain belt Rise, the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt and the discharge end of the second transmission chain belt are corresponding, pass through to prop up in the outside of the 3rd fixed mount Seat is installed with the 3rd actuating device, and the 3rd actuating device and the 3rd sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, the 3rd It is installed with least two axial flow blower by support, first between transmission chain belt top and the 3rd transmission chain belt bottom The hole that internal diameter is less than dry fruit external diameter is distributed with respectively on transmission chain belt, the second transmission chain belt and the 3rd transmission chain belt.
To foregoing invention technical scheme two further optimization and/or improvements are presented herein below:
Above-mentioned steam spray device includes steam pipe;It is fixedly connected with least three right-hand members in the bottom of upper steam pipe blind Blind pipe in dead L-type, in L-type, the bottom of blind pipe is installed with least two steam jet;In the first transmission chain belt Between portion and the first transmission chain belt bottom, lower steam pipe is installed with by support, lower steam pipe is in the first transmission chain belt Portion, is fixedly connected with blind pipe under the blind dead L-type of at least three left ends at the top of lower steam pipe, and under L-type, the top of blind pipe is solid Dingan County equipped with least two steam jet.
Above-mentioned heater is heating bag, passes through support between the second transmission chain belt top and the second transmission chain belt bottom It is installed with upper hose and downcomer respectively, the water inlet end of heating bag and upper hose are fixedly mounted on one by upper connecting tube Rise, the water side of heating bag and downcomer are fixedly installed togather by lower connecting tube.
The above-mentioned outside in the first fixed mount is installed with the first housing, and steam spray device is located in first shell body, The top of the first housing is provided with steam (vapor) outlet, the right upper portion of the first housing is provided with charging aperture, in the first housing Left side central portion is provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the first housing and discharging opening feed end and the discharging with the first transmission chain belt respectively End is corresponding;It is installed with the second housing in the outside of the second fixed mount, be installed with least at the top of the second housing Two air exhausters connecting with the second housing chamber body phase, are provided with charging aperture in the right upper portion of the second housing, in the second housing Left side central portion be provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the second housing and discharging opening respectively with the feed end of the second transmission chain belt and going out Material end is corresponding, and the second housing charging aperture is positioned at the lower section of the first housing discharging opening and corresponding with the first housing discharging opening;? The outside of the 3rd fixed mount is installed with the 3rd housing, is installed with least two and the 3rd shell at the top of the 3rd housing The air exhauster of body cavity body phase connection, is provided with charging aperture in the right upper portion of the 3rd housing, sets in the left side central portion of the 3rd housing It is equipped with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the 3rd housing and discharging opening are corresponding with the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt and discharge end respectively, 3rd housing charging aperture is positioned at the lower section of the second housing discharging opening and corresponding with the second housing discharging opening;Logical on the first housing Cross bearing and be installed with the first actuating device, the first driving-chain is installed with the clutch end of the first actuating device Wheel, the first drive sprocket and first sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, are fixedly mounted by bearing on the second housing There is the second actuating device, the second drive sprocket, the second driving-chain are installed with the clutch end of the second actuating device Wheel and second sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, are installed with the 3rd transmission dress by bearing on the 3rd housing Put, the clutch end of the 3rd actuating device is installed with the 3rd drive sprocket, the 3rd drive sprocket and one the 3rd Sprocket wheel is linked together by chain.
Above-mentioned on the first housing, the first aerator, the air outlet of the first aerator and first are installed with by bearing The discharge end of transmission chain belt is corresponding;On the second housing the second aerator is installed with by bearing, the second aerator The discharge end of air outlet and the second transmission chain belt is corresponding;3rd housing is installed with the 3rd aerator by bearing, The discharge end of the air outlet of the 3rd aerator and the 3rd transmission chain belt is corresponding.
There is the first recovery pond, first reclaims pond and the first biography in above-mentioned first shell body below the first transmission chain belt Send chain belt corresponding, have the first sedimentation tank in the outside of the first housing, in right upper portion and the left bottom in the first recovery pond It is respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, the water side in the first recovery pond and the water inlet end of the first sedimentation tank are fixed by pipeline Link together, between the first transmission chain belt top and the first transmission chain belt bottom, the first hot water is installed with by support Pipe, the first hot-water line, near the first transmission chain belt bottom, is fixedly connected with least one right-hand member in the bottom of the first hot-water line blind Dead L-type first hot-water blindgut, is installed with hot water nozzle in the bottom of L-type first hot-water blindgut, the going out of the first sedimentation tank Water end (W.E.) and the first hot-water line are fixed together by the first return pipe, the first return pipe is installed with respectively pump and Filter;Or/and, there are the second recovery pond, the second recovery pond and second in the second shell body below the second transmission chain belt Transmission chain belt is corresponding, has the second sedimentation tank in the outside of the second housing, at right upper portion and the left side bottom in the second recovery pond Portion is respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, and the right upper portion of the second sedimentation tank is provided with water inlet end, in the second sedimentation tank Left lower is provided with water side, is fixedly connected with return water pipe in downcomer and the water inlet end reclaiming pond between, is reclaiming Drain valve is installed with water pipe, the water side in the second recovery pond and the water inlet end of the second sedimentation tank are fixing even by pipeline It is connected together, between the second transmission chain belt top and the second transmission chain belt bottom, the second hot water is installed with by support Pipe, the second hot-water line, near the second transmission chain belt bottom, is fixedly connected with least one right-hand member in the bottom of the second hot-water line blind Dead L-type second hot-water blindgut, is installed with hot water nozzle in the bottom of L-type second hot-water blindgut, the going out of the second sedimentation tank Water end (W.E.) and the second hot-water line are fixed together by the second return pipe, the second return pipe is installed with respectively pump and Filter;Or/and, between the 3rd transmission chain belt top and the 3rd transmission chain belt bottom, the 3rd heat is installed with by support Water pipe, the 3rd hot-water line, near the 3rd transmission chain belt bottom, is fixedly connected with least one right-hand member in the bottom of the 3rd hot-water line Blind dead L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut, is installed with hot water nozzle in the bottom of L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut, in the 3rd conveyer chain There is the 3rd recovery pond, the 3rd recovery pond is corresponding with the 3rd transmission chain belt, in the 3rd housing in the 3rd housing with lower section Outside have the 3rd sedimentation tank, the 3rd recovery pond bottom be provided with water side, the 3rd sedimentation tank right upper portion and Left lower is respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, and the water side in the 3rd recovery pond and the water inlet end of the 3rd sedimentation tank pass through Pipeline is fixed together, and the water side of the 3rd sedimentation tank and the 3rd hot-water line are fixedly connected on one by the 3rd return pipe Rise, the 3rd return pipe is installed with valve and filter respectively.
Above-mentioned be installed with valve and pressure gauge respectively on upper hose, valve is installed with respectively on downcomer And pressure gauge, valve and pressure gauge are installed with respectively on upper steam pipe, valve is installed with respectively on lower steam pipe Door and pressure gauge;Or/and, the steam (vapor) outlet of the first housing is fixedly connected with steam recovery pipe, solid in steam recovery pipe Dingan County is equipped with valve;Or/and, the 3rd hot-water line is installed with valve and pressure gauge respectively, in the air intake of axial flow blower Air filter is installed with end;Or/and, in the bottom of the first sedimentation tank, the bottom of the second sedimentation tank and the 3rd precipitation The bottom in pond is respectively arranged with blowdown end, in the blowdown end of the first sedimentation tank, the blowdown end of the second sedimentation tank and the 3rd sedimentation tank Blowdown end on be respectively fixedly connected with blow-off pipe, valve is installed with blow-off pipe;Or/and, the first actuating device, Two actuating devices and the 3rd actuating device are variable speed electric motors, particularly;Or/and, it is fixedly connected with heat-insulation layer in the outside of the first housing.
Present configuration is reasonable and compact, easy to use, by the first transmission chain belt, the second transmission chain belt, the 3rd transmission Using cooperatively of chain belt, upper steam pipe, lower steam pipe, axial flow blower and heater, realizes the mesh of currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color , have the characteristics that stable and color changeable effect is good, after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color, color and luster is homogeneous, soft, full and in good taste, Prevent the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color to be sticked together, substantially increase the grade of currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae, increased the income of Planting household.
Brief description
Accompanying drawing 1 is the main view perspective structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Coding in accompanying drawing is respectively:1 is the first fixed mount, and 2 is the second fixed mount, and 3 is the 3rd fixed mount, and 4 is first Sprocket wheel, 5 is the first transmission chain belt, and 6 is chain, and 7 is the second sprocket wheel, and 8 is the second transmission chain belt, and 9 is axial flow blower, and 10 is heating Device, 11 is the 3rd sprocket wheel, and 12 is the 3rd transmission chain belt, and 13 is the first housing, and 14 is the second housing, and 15 is air exhauster, and 16 are 3rd housing, 17 is the first drive sprocket, and 18 is the second drive sprocket, and 19 is the 3rd drive sprocket, and 20 is the first aerator, 21 For the second aerator, 22 is the 3rd aerator, and 23 is upper steam pipe, and 24 is blind pipe in L-type, and 25 is lower steam pipe, and 26 is under L-type Blind pipe, 27 is upper hose, and 28 is the first recovery pond, and 29 is the first sedimentation tank, and 30 is the first hot-water line, and 31 is L-type first heat Water blind pipe, 32 is the first return pipe, and 33 is pump, and 34 is filter, and 35 is the second recovery pond, and 36 is the second sedimentation tank, and 37 are Return water pipe, 38 is drain valve, and 39 is the second hot-water line, and 40 is L-type second hot-water blindgut, and 41 is the second return pipe, and 42 is the Three hot-water lines, 43 is L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut, and 44 is the 3rd recovery pond, and 45 is the 3rd sedimentation tank, and 46 is the 3rd return pipe, 47 is pressure gauge, and 48 is blow-off pipe.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is not limited by following embodiments, can technology according to the present invention scheme determine specifically with practical situation Embodiment.
In the present invention, for the ease of description, the description of the relative position relation of each part is all according to Figure of description 1 Butut mode being described, such as:The position relationship of forward and backward, upper and lower, left and right etc. is the cloth according to Figure of description 1 Figure direction is determining.
With reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1, this dry fruit color changing method, including the dry fruit color-changing device implementing the method, this dry fruit color-changing device bag Include the first fixed mount 1, the second fixed mount 2 and the 3rd fixed mount 3 arranging from right-to-left;The method is carried out in the steps below:The One step, the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after wash clean is carried out variable color and processes 20 minutes to 80 minutes with steam, and vapor (steam) temperature is for 100 DEG C extremely 194 DEG C, steam pressure is 0.4MP to 0.6MPa;Second step, carries out hot blast fall by axial flow blower 9 after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color Warm dried 20 minutes to 80 minutes, hot blast temperature is 30 DEG C to 90 DEG C;3rd step, passes through axle stream again after hot blast cooling and drying Blower fan 9 carries out natural wind cooling and drying and processes 10 minutes to 40 minutes, and the temperature of natural wind is 20 DEG C to 50 DEG C, and natural wind is lowered the temperature Variable color dried Fructus Vitis viniferae is obtained after dried.The good feature of currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae color changeable effect, currency Fructus Vitis viniferae be can guarantee that by the method After dry variable color, color and luster is homogeneous, soft, full and in good taste.
According to actual needs above-described embodiment 1 can be made further optimization and/or improvements:
As needed, in second step, the rotating speed of axial flow blower 9 is 1200 revs/min to 1450 revs/min;In 3rd step, The rotating speed of axial flow blower 9 is 1200 revs/min to 1450 revs/min.
As needed, hot blast is the hot blast after air filter filtration;Or/and, after natural wind is for air filter filtration Natural wind.
Embodiment 2, as shown in Figure 1, the dry fruit color-changing device of this dry fruit color changing method includes the from right-to-left setting One fixed mount 1, the second fixed mount 2 and the 3rd fixed mount 3;On the left of the upper left-hand of the first fixed mount 1, upper right, middle part Respectively the first sprocket wheel 4 is provided with by axle with the right side of middle part, four the first sprocket wheels 4 are linked together by the first transmission chain belt 5, In the outside of the first fixed mount 1, first actuating device, the first actuating device and first sprocket wheel 4 are installed with by bearing Linked together by chain 6, be installed with by support relative with the first transmission chain belt 5 above the first transmission chain belt 5 The steam spray device answered;Divided by axle on the left of the upper left-hand of the second fixed mount 2, upper right, middle part and on the right side of middle part Second sprocket wheel 7 is not installed, four the second sprocket wheels 7 are linked together by the second transmission chain belt 8, the entering of the second transmission chain belt 8 Material end is corresponding with the discharge end of the first transmission chain belt 5, is installed with the second biography in the outside of the second fixed mount 2 by bearing Dynamic device, the second actuating device and second sprocket wheel 7 are linked together by chain 6, on the top of the second transmission chain belt 8 and It is installed with least two axial flow blower 9 by support, positioned at the second transmission chain belt of axial flow blower 9 top between bottom Between 8 upper and lower, heater 10 is installed with by support, right on the upper left-hand of the 3rd fixed mount 3, top On the left of side, middle part and on the right side of middle part, the 3rd sprocket wheel 11 is separately installed with by axle, four the 3rd sprocket wheels 11 pass through the 3rd conveyer chain Band 12 links together, and the discharge end of the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 and the second transmission chain belt 8 is corresponding, fixing the 3rd The outside of frame 3 is installed with the 3rd actuating device by bearing, and the 3rd actuating device and the 3rd sprocket wheel 11 pass through chain 6 Link together, be installed with least by support between the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 top and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 bottom The axial flow blower 9 of two, is distributed with internal diameter in the first transmission chain belt 5, the second transmission chain belt 8 and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 respectively Hole less than dry fruit external diameter.So, it is passed through steam in steam spray device the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae in the first transmission chain belt 5 is sprayed Steam carries out variable color, and the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color flows in the second transmission chain belt 8 from the first transmission chain belt 5, and heater 10 is right The wind of axial flow blower 9 blowout is heated, and the hot blast after heating carries out heat to the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color in the second transmission chain belt 8 again Wind cooling and drying, the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after hot blast cooling and drying flows in the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 from the second transmission chain belt 8, axle stream wind The natural wind of machine 9 blowout carries out natural wind cooling and drying to the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae in the 3rd transmission chain belt 12, after natural wind cooling and drying Prevent the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color to be sticked together, also ensure that the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae color and luster after variable color will not change;There is change The good He stable feature of color effect, after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color, color and luster is homogeneous, soft, full and in good taste, currency Fructus Vitis viniferae Dry price can only sell 4 yuan to 5 yuan, improves the grade of dried Fructus Vitis viniferae, valency after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color Lattice can sell for 10 yuan to 12 yuan, increased the income of Planting household.
According to actual needs above-described embodiment 2 can be made further optimization and/or improvements:
As shown in Figure 1, steam spray device includes steam pipe 23;The bottom of upper steam pipe 23 be fixedly connected with to Blind pipe 24 in the blind dead L-type of few three right-hand members, in L-type, the bottom of blind pipe 24 is installed with least two steam jet; Between the first transmission chain belt 5 top and the first transmission chain belt 5 bottom, lower steam pipe 25, lower steam are installed with by support Pipe 25, near the first transmission chain belt 5 top, is fixedly connected with the blind dead L-type of at least three left ends at the top of lower steam pipe 25 Blind pipe 26, under L-type, the top of blind pipe 26 is installed with least two steam jet.So, during use, steam pipe upwards 23 and lower steam pipe 25 in be passed through steam, be easy to carry out variable color to the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae spraying steam in the first transmission chain belt 5, play Preferably color changeable effect.
As shown in Figure 1, heater 10 is heating bag, in the second transmission chain belt 8 top and the second transmission chain belt 8 bottom Between upper hose 27 and downcomer are installed with respectively by support, the water inlet end of heating bag and upper hose 27 are by upper connection Pipe is fixedly installed togather, and the water side of heating bag and downcomer are fixedly installed togather by lower connecting tube.So, heating bag The wind being easy to blow out axial flow blower 9 is heated, and the wind after heating enters to the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color in the second transmission chain belt 8 again Row hot blast cooling and drying is it is ensured that the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae color and luster after variable color will not change.
As shown in Figure 1, the outside in the first fixed mount 1 is installed with the first housing 13, and steam spray device is located at In first housing 13, the top of the first housing 13 is provided with steam (vapor) outlet, the right upper portion of the first housing 13 be provided with into Material mouth, is provided with discharging opening in the left side central portion of the first housing 13, and the charging aperture of the first housing 13 and discharging opening are respectively with first The feed end of transmission chain belt 5 is corresponding with discharge end;It is installed with the second housing 14 in the outside of the second fixed mount 2, The top of two housings 14 is installed with least two air exhausters 15 being connected with the second housing 14 cavity, in the second housing 14 Right upper portion be provided with charging aperture, the left side central portion of the second housing 14 is provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the second housing 14 Corresponding with the feed end of the second transmission chain belt 8 and discharge end respectively with discharging opening, the second housing 14 charging aperture is located at first shell The lower section of body 13 discharging opening is simultaneously corresponding with the first housing 13 discharging opening;It is installed with the 3rd in the outside of the 3rd fixed mount 3 Housing 16, is installed with least two air exhausters 15 being connected with the 3rd housing 16 cavity at the top of the 3rd housing 16, The right upper portion of the 3rd housing 16 is provided with charging aperture, the left side central portion of the 3rd housing 16 is provided with discharging opening, the 3rd shell The charging aperture of body 16 and discharging opening are corresponding with the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 and discharge end respectively, and the 3rd housing 16 feeds Mouth is positioned at the lower section of the second housing 14 discharging opening and corresponding with the second housing 14 discharging opening;Bearing is passed through on the first housing 13 It is installed with the first actuating device, the first drive sprocket 17 is installed with the clutch end of the first actuating device, First drive sprocket 17 and first sprocket wheel 4 are linked together by chain 6, by the fixing peace of bearing on the second housing 14 Equipped with the second actuating device, the second drive sprocket 18, the second biography are installed with the clutch end of the second actuating device Movable sprocket 18 and second sprocket wheel 7 are linked together by chain 6, are installed with by bearing on the 3rd housing 16 Three actuating devices, are installed with the 3rd drive sprocket 19 on the clutch end of the 3rd actuating device, the 3rd drive sprocket 19 and the 3rd sprocket wheel 11 linked together by chain 6.So, the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae that the first housing 13 is easy to after variable color is sprayed Steam carries out not being subject to ectocine during variable color, and the second housing 14 is easy to the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color and is carried out not being subject to during hot blast cooling and drying Ectocine, the 3rd housing 16 is easy to the dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color and is carried out not being subject to ectocine during natural wind cooling and drying, also prevents Potential safety hazard.
As shown in Figure 1, the first housing 13 is installed with the first aerator 20, the first aerator 20 by bearing Air outlet and the first transmission chain belt 5 discharge end corresponding;Second housing 14 is installed with the second drum by bearing Blower fan 21, the discharge end of the air outlet of the second aerator 21 and the second transmission chain belt 8 is corresponding;3rd housing 16 passes through prop up Seat is installed with the 3rd aerator 22, and the air outlet of the 3rd aerator 22 and the discharge end of the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 are corresponding. So, the first aerator 20, the second aerator 21 and the 3rd aerator 22 are easy to the first transmission chain belt 5 port of export, the second biography The dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after variable color on chain belt 8 port of export and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 port of export is sent to blow off.
As shown in Figure 1, there is the first recovery pond 28 in the first housing 13 below the first transmission chain belt 5, first time Receive pond 28 and the first transmission chain belt 5 is corresponding, have the first sedimentation tank 29 in the outside of the first housing 13, reclaim pond first 28 right upper portion and left bottom are respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, and the water side and first in the first recovery pond 28 sinks The water inlet end in shallow lake pond 29 is fixed together by pipeline, the first transmission chain belt 5 top and the first transmission chain belt 5 bottom it Between the first hot-water line 30 is installed with by support, the first hot-water line 30 near the first transmission chain belt 5 bottom, in the first hot water The bottom of pipe 30 is fixedly connected with blind dead L-type the first hot-water blindgut 31 of at least one right-hand member, in L-type the first hot-water blindgut 31 Bottom is installed with hot water nozzle, and the water side of the first sedimentation tank 29 and the first hot-water line 30 pass through the first return pipe 32 and fix Link together, pump 33 and filter 34 are installed with respectively on the first return pipe 32;Or/and, in the second transmission chain belt 8 There is the second recovery pond 35, the second recovery pond 35 and the second transmission chain belt 8 are corresponding, second in second housing 14 of lower section There is the second sedimentation tank 36 in the outside of housing 14, and the right upper portion in the second recovery pond 35 and left bottom are respectively arranged with into water End and water side, are provided with water inlet end in the right upper portion of the second sedimentation tank 36, in the left lower setting of the second sedimentation tank 36 There is water side, be fixedly connected with return water pipe 37 in downcomer and the water inlet end reclaiming pond between, solid on return water pipe 37 Dingan County is fixedly connected by pipeline with the water inlet end of the second sedimentation tank 36 equipped with drain valve 38, the water side in the second recovery pond 35 Together, between the second transmission chain belt 8 top and the second transmission chain belt 8 bottom, the second hot-water line is installed with by support 39, the second hot-water line 39, near the second transmission chain belt 8 bottom, is fixedly connected with least one in the bottom of the second hot-water line 39 right Hold blind dead L-type the second hot-water blindgut 40, be installed with hot water nozzle in the bottom of L-type the second hot-water blindgut 40, second sinks The water side in shallow lake pond 36 and the second hot-water line 39 are fixed together by the second return pipe 41, divide on the second return pipe 41 It is not installed with pump 33 and filter 34;Or/and, between the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 top and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 bottom 3rd hot-water line 42 is installed with by support, the 3rd hot-water line 42 near the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 bottom, in the 3rd hot water The bottom of pipe 42 is fixedly connected with blind dead L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut 43 of at least one right-hand member, in L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut 43 Bottom is installed with hot water nozzle, has the 3rd recovery pond 44 in the 3rd housing 16 below the 3rd transmission chain belt 12, the Three recovery ponds 44 and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12 are corresponding, have the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 in the outside of the 3rd housing 16, at the 3rd time The bottom receiving pond 44 is provided with water side, is respectively arranged with water inlet end in the right upper portion of the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 and left lower And water side, the water inlet end of the 3rd recovery water side in pond 44 and the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 is fixed together by pipeline, The water side of the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 and the 3rd hot-water line 42 are fixed together by the 3rd return pipe 46, in the 3rd return pipe It is installed with pump 33 and filter 34 respectively on 46.So, recovered steam condensed water and first are easy in the first recovery pond 28 Flushing hot water in hot-water line 30, the second recovery pond 35 is easy to reclaim rushing in the hot water and the second hot-water line 39 in downcomer Wash hot water, the flushing hot water in the 3rd hot-water line 42 is easy to reclaim in the 3rd recovery pond 44, the hot water reusable edible after recovery, Thus having saved water resource, reduce production cost.
As shown in Figure 1, valve and pressure gauge 47 are installed with upper hose 27 respectively, solid respectively on downcomer Dingan County, equipped with valve and pressure gauge 47, is installed with valve and pressure gauge 47, respectively in lower steam pipe on upper steam pipe 23 It is installed with valve and pressure gauge 47 respectively on 25;Or/and, the steam (vapor) outlet of the first housing 13 is fixedly connected with steam Recovery tube, is installed with valve in steam recovery pipe;Or/and, the 3rd hot-water line 42 is installed with valve respectively With pressure gauge 47, the air intake of axial flow blower 9 is installed with air filter;Or/and, at the bottom of the first sedimentation tank 29 The bottom in portion, the bottom of the second sedimentation tank 36 and the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 is respectively arranged with blowdown end, in the row of the first sedimentation tank 29 It has been respectively fixedly connected with blow-off pipe 48, in row in the blowdown end at dirty end, the blowdown end of the second sedimentation tank 36 and the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 It is installed with valve on dirty pipe 48;Or/and, the first actuating device, the second actuating device and the 3rd actuating device are speed change Motor;Or/and, it is fixedly connected with heat-insulation layer in the outside of the first housing 13.So, air filter is easy to filter in the air Dust and impurity;Valve is easy to control steam or hot water flow;Pressure gauge 47 is easy to control steam or heat hydraulic pressure;Variable speed electric motors, particularly It is easy to control the transmission speed of the first transmission chain belt 5, the second transmission chain belt 8 and the 3rd transmission chain belt 12;Blow-off pipe 48 is easy to fixed Phase discharges the impurity in the first sedimentation tank 29, the second sedimentation tank 36 and the 3rd sedimentation tank 45 at the bottom of pond portion.
Above technical characteristic constitutes embodiments of the invention, and it has stronger adaptability and implementation result, can basis It is actually needed the non-essential technical characteristic of increase and decrease, to meet the demand of different situations.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of dry fruit color changing method is it is characterised in that include implementing the dry fruit color-changing device of the method, this dry fruit color-changing device Including the first fixed mount arranging from right-to-left, the second fixed mount and the 3rd fixed mount;The method is carried out in the steps below:First Step, the currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae after wash clean is carried out variable color and processes 20 minutes to 80 minutes with steam, and vapor (steam) temperature is for 100 DEG C extremely 194 DEG C, steam pressure is 0.4MP to 0.6MPa;Second step, carries out hot blast cooling by axial flow blower after currency dried Fructus Vitis viniferae variable color Dried 20 minutes to 80 minutes, hot blast temperature is 30 DEG C to 90 DEG C;3rd step, passes through axle stream wind again after hot blast cooling and drying Machine carries out natural wind cooling and drying and processes 10 minutes to 40 minutes, and the temperature of natural wind is 20 DEG C to 50 DEG C, and natural wind cooling is dry Variable color dried Fructus Vitis viniferae is obtained after dry process;Wherein:On the left of the upper left-hand of the first fixed mount, upper right, middle part and middle part is right Side is provided with the first sprocket wheel by axle respectively, and four the first sprocket wheels are linked together by the first transmission chain belt, fixing first The outside of frame is installed with the first actuating device by bearing, and the first actuating device and first sprocket wheel are connected by chain Together, above the first transmission chain belt, the steam spray dress corresponding with the first transmission chain belt is installed with by support Put;On the left of the upper left-hand of the second fixed mount, upper right, middle part and on the right side of middle part, the second chain is separately installed with by axle Wheel, four the second sprocket wheels are linked together by the second transmission chain belt, the feed end of the second transmission chain belt and the first transmission chain belt Discharge end corresponding, in the outside of the second fixed mount, the second actuating device, the second actuating device are installed with by bearing Linked together by chain with second sprocket wheel, by the fixing peace of support between the upper and lower of the second transmission chain belt Equipped with least two axial flow blower, between the upper and lower of the second transmission chain belt above axial flow blower, pass through support It is installed with heater, divided by axle on the left of the upper left-hand of the 3rd fixed mount, upper right, middle part and on the right side of middle part 3rd sprocket wheel is not installed, four the 3rd sprocket wheels are linked together by the 3rd transmission chain belt, the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt Corresponding with the discharge end of the second transmission chain belt, in the outside of the 3rd fixed mount, the 3rd transmission dress is installed with by bearing Put, the 3rd actuating device and the 3rd sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, in the 3rd transmission chain belt top and the 3rd transmission It is installed with least two axial flow blower by support, in the first transmission chain belt, the second transmission chain belt between chain belt bottom Be distributed with respectively in the 3rd transmission chain belt internal diameter be less than dry fruit external diameter hole.
2. dry fruit color changing method according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that in second step, the rotating speed of axial flow blower is 1200 Rev/min to 1450 revs/min;In 3rd step, the rotating speed of axial flow blower is 1200 revs/min to 1450 revs/min.
3. dry fruit color changing method according to claim 1 and 2 is it is characterised in that hot blast is the heat after air filter filtration Wind;Or/and, natural wind is the natural wind after air filter filtration.
4. a kind of dry fruit color-changing device implementing the dry fruit color changing method described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 is it is characterised in that oneself is right The first fixed mount, the second fixed mount and the 3rd fixed mount that include arranging from right-to-left to left setting;In the first fixed mount Upper left-hand, upper right, respectively the first sprocket wheel is provided with by axle on the right side of on the left of middle part and middle part, four the first sprocket wheels pass through First transmission chain belt links together, and is installed with the first actuating device in the outside of the first fixed mount by bearing, and first Actuating device and first sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, are installed with by support above the first transmission chain belt The steam spray device corresponding with the first transmission chain belt;On the left of the upper left-hand of the second fixed mount, upper right, middle part and Middle part right side is separately installed with the second sprocket wheel by axle, and four the second sprocket wheels are linked together by the second transmission chain belt, and second The discharge end of the feed end of transmission chain belt and the first transmission chain belt is corresponding, in the outside of the second fixed mount by the fixing peace of bearing Equipped with the second actuating device, the second actuating device and second sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, in the second transmission chain belt Upper and lower between be installed with by support at least two axial flow blower, the second biography above axial flow blower Between the upper and lower sending chain belt, heater is installed with by support, on upper left-hand, the top of the 3rd fixed mount On the left of right side, middle part and on the right side of middle part, the 3rd sprocket wheel is separately installed with by axle, four the 3rd sprocket wheels pass through the 3rd transmission chain belt Link together, the feed end of the 3rd transmission chain belt and the discharge end of the second transmission chain belt are corresponding, outer in the 3rd fixed mount Side is installed with the 3rd actuating device by bearing, and the 3rd actuating device and the 3rd sprocket wheel are connected to one by chain Rise, be installed with least two axle stream wind between the 3rd transmission chain belt top and the 3rd transmission chain belt bottom by support Machine, is distributed with the hole that internal diameter is less than dry fruit external diameter in the first transmission chain belt, the second transmission chain belt and the 3rd transmission chain belt respectively.
5. dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 4 is it is characterised in that steam spray device includes steam pipe;Upper The bottom of steam pipe is fixedly connected with blind pipe in the blind dead L-type of at least three right-hand members, and in L-type, the bottom of blind pipe is installed with At least two steam jet;It is installed with by support between the first transmission chain belt top and the first transmission chain belt bottom Lower steam pipe, lower steam pipe, near the first transmission chain belt top, is fixedly connected with least three left ends at the top of lower steam pipe Blind pipe under blind dead L-type, under L-type, the top of blind pipe is installed with least two steam jet.
6. the dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that heater is heating bag, passes second Send, between chain belt top and the second transmission chain belt bottom, upper hose and downcomer are installed with respectively by support, heating bag Water inlet end and upper hose are fixedly installed togather by upper connecting tube, and the water side of heating bag and downcomer are solid by lower connecting tube Dingan County is fitted together.
7. dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that the outside of the first fixed mount is installed with One housing, steam spray device is located in first shell body, the top of the first housing is provided with steam (vapor) outlet, in the first housing Right upper portion is provided with charging aperture, and the left side central portion of the first housing is provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the first housing and discharging Mouth is corresponding with the feed end of the first transmission chain belt and discharge end respectively;It is installed with second shell in the outside of the second fixed mount Body, is installed with least two air exhausters connecting with the second housing chamber body phase at the top of the second housing, in the second housing Right upper portion be provided with charging aperture, the left side central portion of the second housing is provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the second housing and going out Material mouth is corresponding with the feed end of the second transmission chain belt and discharge end respectively, and the second housing charging aperture is located at the first housing discharging opening Lower section corresponding with the first housing discharging opening;It is installed with the 3rd housing in the outside of the 3rd fixed mount, in the 3rd shell The top of body is installed with least two air exhausters being connected with the 3rd shell cavity, sets in the right upper portion of the 3rd housing It is equipped with charging aperture, the left side central portion of the 3rd housing is provided with discharging opening, the charging aperture of the 3rd housing and discharging opening are respectively with The feed end of three transmission chain belts is corresponding with discharge end, and the 3rd housing charging aperture is located at the lower section of the second housing discharging opening and with the Two housing discharging openings are corresponding;First housing is installed with the first actuating device by bearing, in the first actuating device Clutch end on be installed with the first drive sprocket, the first drive sprocket and first sprocket wheel are connected to by chain Together, on the second housing the second actuating device is installed with by bearing, on the clutch end of the second actuating device It is installed with the second drive sprocket, the second drive sprocket and second sprocket wheel are linked together by chain, in the 3rd shell On body, the 3rd actuating device is installed with by bearing, the clutch end of the 3rd actuating device is installed with the 3rd Drive sprocket, the 3rd drive sprocket and the 3rd sprocket wheel are linked together by chain.
8. dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that be installed with by bearing on the first housing First aerator, the discharge end of the air outlet of the first aerator and the first transmission chain belt is corresponding;Pass through on the second housing to prop up Seat is installed with the second aerator, and the discharge end of the air outlet of the second aerator and the second transmission chain belt is corresponding;The 3rd On housing, the 3rd aerator, the air outlet of the 3rd aerator and the discharge end phase of the 3rd transmission chain belt are installed with by bearing Corresponding.
9. the dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 7 or 8 is it is characterised in that the first housing below the first transmission chain belt Inside there is the first recovery pond, the first recovery pond is corresponding with the first transmission chain belt, has the first precipitation in the outside of the first housing Pond, the right upper portion in the first recovery pond and left bottom are respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, the first recovery pond The water inlet end of water side and the first sedimentation tank is fixed together by pipeline, in the first transmission chain belt top and the first transmission Between chain belt bottom, the first hot-water line is installed with by support, the first hot-water line near the first transmission chain belt bottom, The bottom of one hot-water line is fixedly connected with blind dead L-type first hot-water blindgut of at least one right-hand member, in L-type first hot-water blindgut Bottom is installed with hot water nozzle, and the water side of the first sedimentation tank and the first hot-water line are fixedly connected on by the first return pipe Together, pump and filter are installed with the first return pipe respectively;Or/and, the second shell below the second transmission chain belt There is the second recovery pond in vivo, the second recovery pond is corresponding with the second transmission chain belt, has second to sink in the outside of the second housing Shallow lake pond, the right upper portion in the second recovery pond and left bottom are respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side, in the second sedimentation tank Right upper portion be provided with water inlet end, the left lower of the second sedimentation tank is provided with water side, downcomer and reclaim pond Water inlet end between be fixedly connected with return water pipe, drain valve is installed with return water pipe, the going out of the second recovery pond The water inlet end of water end (W.E.) and the second sedimentation tank is fixed together by pipeline, in the second transmission chain belt top and the second conveyer chain Band bottom between the second hot-water line is installed with by support, the second hot-water line near the second transmission chain belt bottom, second The bottom of hot-water line is fixedly connected with blind dead L-type second hot-water blindgut of at least one right-hand member, at the bottom of L-type second hot-water blindgut Portion is installed with hot water nozzle, and the water side of the second sedimentation tank and the second hot-water line are fixedly connected on one by the second return pipe Rise, pump and filter are installed with respectively on the second return pipe;Or/and, in the 3rd transmission chain belt top and the 3rd transmission Between chain belt bottom, the 3rd hot-water line is installed with by support, the 3rd hot-water line near the 3rd transmission chain belt bottom, The bottom of three hot-water lines is fixedly connected with blind dead L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut of at least one right-hand member, in L-type the 3rd hot-water blindgut Bottom is installed with hot water nozzle, has the 3rd recovery pond, the 3rd recovery in the 3rd housing below the 3rd transmission chain belt Pond is corresponding with the 3rd transmission chain belt, has the 3rd sedimentation tank in the outside of the 3rd housing, sets in the bottom in the 3rd recovery pond It is equipped with water side, be respectively arranged with water inlet end and water side in the right upper portion of the 3rd sedimentation tank and left lower, the 3rd recovery The water inlet end of the water side in pond and the 3rd sedimentation tank is fixed together by pipeline, the water side of the 3rd sedimentation tank and Three hot-water lines are fixed together by the 3rd return pipe, are installed with valve and filtration respectively on the 3rd return pipe Device.
10. dry fruit color-changing device according to claim 9 it is characterised in that be installed with respectively on upper hose valve and Pressure gauge, is installed with valve and pressure gauge on downcomer respectively, upper steam pipe is installed with respectively valve and Pressure gauge, is installed with valve and pressure gauge on lower steam pipe respectively;Or/and, solid on the steam (vapor) outlet of the first housing Surely it is connected with steam recovery pipe, valve is installed with steam recovery pipe;Or/and, the 3rd hot-water line is fixed respectively Valve and pressure gauge are installed, air filter is installed with the air intake of axial flow blower;Or/and, in the first precipitation The bottom of the bottom in pond, the bottom of the second sedimentation tank and the 3rd sedimentation tank is respectively arranged with blowdown end, in the row of the first sedimentation tank It has been respectively fixedly connected with blow-off pipe, on blow-off pipe in the blowdown end at dirty end, the blowdown end of the second sedimentation tank and the 3rd sedimentation tank It is installed with valve;Or/and, the first actuating device, the second actuating device and the 3rd actuating device are variable speed electric motors, particularly;Or/ Be fixedly connected with heat-insulation layer in the outside of the first housing.
CN201410574337.3A 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Dried fruit color changing method and device Expired - Fee Related CN104287074B (en)

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US4472887A (en) * 1982-12-14 1984-09-25 Tagus Ranch System and method for dehydrating produce
CN1044849C (en) * 1993-12-16 1999-09-01 加利福尼亚旭日女植物园 High-moisture raisins for use in food processing
CN2762564Y (en) * 2004-12-31 2006-03-08 阿卜杜拉·卡德尔 Flushing and drying appts. for raisin
CN101690609B (en) * 2009-10-23 2011-05-04 中国农业大学 A method for processing green raisin and preserved grape
CN202206860U (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-05-02 浙江耕盛堂生态农业有限公司 Vibration dehydrating device used in production of biological fresh-keeping bamboo shoot
CN102669255B (en) * 2012-05-25 2014-05-14 中国农业大学 Quick drying processing method of raisin
CN203608825U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-05-28 哈密新坤实业发展有限公司 Raisin air dryer

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