CN104259923B - Automatic reaming machine - Google Patents

Automatic reaming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104259923B
CN104259923B CN201410446556.3A CN201410446556A CN104259923B CN 104259923 B CN104259923 B CN 104259923B CN 201410446556 A CN201410446556 A CN 201410446556A CN 104259923 B CN104259923 B CN 104259923B
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China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
plate
fixed
automatic
track
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CN201410446556.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104259923A (en
Inventor
范勤德
姜业哲
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Qingdao Qinde Rigging Hardware Co Ltd
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Qingdao Qinde Rigging Hardware Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/06Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of pushers

Abstract

An automatic reaming machine comprises an automatic workpiece loading mechanism, a feeding mechanism, a drilling machine and a discharging mechanism. The feeding mechanism comprises a bottom plate, a workpiece blocking plate, a workpiece pushing plate, a push air cylinder, a workpiece supporting plate, a workpiece supporting air cylinder, a workpiece pressing plate, a workpiece pressing air cylinder, a workpiece pushing track, a conveying mechanism and the like. A workpiece supporting plate opening is formed in the bottom plate. A discharging opening is formed in a machine tool body. The discharging mechanism is arranged on the discharging opening. The workpiece pushing track is arranged on the bottom plate. The conveying mechanism is in butt joint with a workpiece feeding opening and the automatic workpiece loading mechanism to convey workpieces into the workpiece pushing track. The workpiece supporting air cylinder and the pushing air cylinder push the workpiece supporting plate and the workpiece pushing plate to conduct reciprocating motion, the workpiece blocking plate is fixed to one end of the workpiece pushing track to fix and position the workpieces in cooperation with the workpiece pushing plate, the workpiece pressing air cylinder pushes the workpiece pressing plate to move up and down, the workpieces can be pressed in the vertical direction, precise positioning of the workpieces can be better achieved through the automatic reaming machine, automatic reaming is achieved, efficiency is improved while yield of workpiece machining is increased, and the structure is simple.

Description

A kind of Automatic reamer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of reaming special equipment, more particularly to a kind of hole enlarging machine tool.
Background technology
Traditional chambering process be by single products clamping on the vice of drilling machine or on the scroll chuck of vehicle window with drill bit Reaming, the shortcoming of this reaming is:
1st, low production efficiency, drilling machine and lathe all do not have automatic loading/unloading and automated exchanged cutter function, single in process of production People's single-set operation, occupies substantial amounts of machining period and manpower;
2nd, safety is low, and due to clamping in production process, feed and blanking need manual operations, body inevitably with , easily security incident in the dangerous position contact of lathe.
3rd, complex operation, needs one to have been manually done clamping, lower knife, blanking a series of actions, efficiency is low in production process, Waste time and energy.
Content of the invention
Ask to solve that existing bearizing mechanism does not enable automatic loading/unloading, complex structure, efficiency is low, potential safety hazard is many etc. Topic, the invention provides a kind of structure simple, can automatic loading/unloading, reaming high precision and stable Automatic reamer, should The technical scheme of Automatic reamer is as follows:
A kind of Automatic reamer, including automatic feed mechanism, feeding mechanism, drilling machine and discharging mechanism, described drilling machine includes Bed body, hydraulic power head and the broad being installed on hydraulic power head, described broad is installed on hydraulic power head, Described feeding mechanism is installed in bed body, described feeding mechanism include base plate, striker plate, scraping wings, push cylinder, retainer plate, Retainer cylinder, holding pad, pull bar, pull bar fixed plate, binder cylinder, pusher track and conveying mechanism, described base plate is fixed on bed On body, described base plate has a retainer plate opening near one end of hydraulic power head, and the corresponding bed body of described retainer plate opening is opened There is feed opening, described feed opening is located at immediately below broad, and described feed opening is provided with discharging mechanism, and described base plate is provided with Pusher track, described pusher track to being provided with workpiece charging aperture, described conveying mechanism respectively with workpiece charging aperture and automatically on The docking of material mechanism, workpiece is transported in pusher track, described retainer cylinder is fixed on bed body or base plate, promotes retainer plate to exist Move back and forth in retainer plate opening, described push cylinder promotes scraping wings to move back and forth in pusher track, and described striker plate is solid Due to pusher track one end, realize the stationary positioned to workpiece with scraping wings, described holding pad is placed in above workpiece fixed bit simultaneously Have corresponding with broad position and size process hole, described holding pad is connected with pull bar fixed plate by pull bar, described Binder cylinder is fixed on lathe or base plate, and the piston rod of described binder cylinder is fixed in pull bar fixed plate, and binder cylinder pushes away Dynamic pressure flitch moves up and down, and realizes the compression of the vertical direction to workpiece.
Preferably, automatic feed mechanism is concussion disc type feeding machine.
Preferably, having hole corresponding with broad on the scraping wings position relative with broad.
Preferably, the shape of pusher front edge of board is fitted with workpiece phase.
Preferably, the shape of backgauge front edge of board is fitted with workpiece phase.
Preferably, conveying mechanism is belt type conveyer structure.
Preferably, belt type conveyer structure includes conveying translator, conveyer belt, Timing Belt, delivery track, conveyer belt prop up Plate, idler wheel mechanism, driven pulley and drivewheel, described delivery track support plate is fixed at workpiece charging aperture, and described delivery track is solid On delivery track support plate, described idler wheel mechanism is fixed on the workbench side of charging aperture opposite side, and described driven pulley is solid Due to delivery track support plate one end, described conveyer belt passes through below workpiece charging aperture, workpiece track and work stage is enclosed within roller machine On structure and driven pulley, described conveying translator is fixed in bed body, drives driven pulley to rotate by drivewheel and Timing Belt, driven Wheel driving conveying belt rotates.
A kind of Automatic reamer being provided by above technical scheme, can realize workpiece is accurately positioned well, Realize automatic counterboring, improve and while efficiency, improve the yield rate to work pieces process, and structure is simple.
Brief description
The present invention is further illustrated once to combine accompanying drawing:
Accompanying drawing 1: Automatic reamer axonometric drawing one;
Accompanying drawing 2: Automatic reamer axonometric drawing two;
Accompanying drawing 3: the feeding mechanism axonometric drawing of Automatic reamer;
Description of reference numerals: automatic feed mechanism;Drilling machine;Feeding mechanism;Discharging mechanism;201 hydraulic powers Head;202 bed body;203 broads;301 push cylinders;302 scraping wings;303 retainer cylinders;304 retainer plates;305 striker plates; 306 holding pads;307 binder cylinders;308 pull bar fixed plates;309 pull bars;310 pusher tracks;311 conveying translators;312 is synchronous Band;313 conveyer belts;314 conveyer belt support plates;315 feed rail;316 base plates;317 first conveyer belt rollers;318 second conveyings Band roller;319 workpiece charging apertures.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are further described:
Shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of Automatic reamer, including automatic feed mechanism, feeding mechanism, drilling machine and Discharging mechanism, described drilling machine includes bed body 201, hydraulic power head 202 and is installed on the broad on hydraulic power head 203, described broad 203 is installed on hydraulic power head 202, and described feeding mechanism is installed in bed body 201, described enter Material mechanism includes base plate 316, striker plate 305, scraping wings 302, push cylinder 301, retainer plate 304, retainer cylinder 303, pressure Flitch 306, pull bar 309, pull bar fixed plate 308, binder cylinder 307, pusher track 310 and conveying mechanism, described base plate 316 is solid In bed body, described base plate 3016 has retainer plate opening, described retainer plate opening pair near one end of hydraulic power head 202 Feed opening is had, described feed opening is located at immediately below broad 203, and described feed opening is provided with discharging mechanism in the bed body answered , described base plate 316 is provided with pusher track 310, and described pusher track 310 is to being provided with workpiece charging aperture, described conveyer Structure is docked with workpiece charging aperture and automatic feed mechanism respectively, and workpiece is transported in pusher track 310, described retainer cylinder 303 are fixed on bed body 202 or base plate 316, promote retainer plate 304 to move back and forth in retainer plate opening, described push cylinder 301 promotion scraping wings 302 move back and forth in pusher track 310, and described striker plate 305 is fixed on pusher track 310 one end, with Scraping wings 302 realizes the stationary positioned to workpiece, and described holding pad 306 is placed in above workpiece fixed bit and has and broad Position and size process hole accordingly, and described holding pad is connected with pull bar fixed plate 308 by pull bar 309, described binder cylinder 307 are fixed on lathe 202 or base plate 316, and the piston rod of described binder cylinder 307 is fixed in pull bar fixed plate 308, binder Cylinder 307 promotes holding pad 306 to move up and down, and realizes the compression of the vertical direction to workpiece, the conveyer in above-described embodiment Structure is preferably belt type conveyer structure, and we do to one of which preferred belt type conveyer structure and describe in detail, bag Include conveying translator 311, conveyer belt 313, Timing Belt 312, delivery track 315, conveyer belt support plate 314, first conveyer belt roller 317 and second rollers of conveyer belt 318;Described conveyer belt support plate 314 is fixed at workpiece charging aperture, and described delivery track 315 is solid Determine on conveyer belt support plate 314, described second rollers of conveyer belt 318 is fixed on base plate 316 side of charging aperture opposite side, described Second rollers of conveyer belt 318 is fixed on conveyer belt support plate 312 one end, and described conveyer belt 311 passes through workpiece charging aperture, pusher track It is placed on below 310 on first conveyer belt roller 317 and the second rollers of conveyer belt 318, described conveying translator 311 is fixed on bed body 202 or base plate 316 on, by convey translator 311 drive Timing Belt 312 thus drive first conveyer belt roller rotate, and then Driving conveying belt 313 rotates, and for the control to speed, can select the big conveyer belt of coefficient of friction 313, in above-described embodiment, It is concussion disc type feeding machine that automatic feed mechanism is preferably.
A kind of Automatic reamer being provided by above technical scheme, can realize to the reaming of workpiece automatization well, The registration to workpiece for this equipment simultaneously, improves and improves the yield rate to work pieces process while efficiency, and equipment Structure is simple, only needs even one people of a people to keep an eye on multiple devices, greatlys save manpower.
Preferably, having hole corresponding with broad on the scraping wings position relative with broad.
In order to fixation to workpiece is better achieved, preferably, the shape of pusher front edge of board is fitted with workpiece phase, striker plate The shape of front end is fitted with workpiece phase, the such as processing to ratchet, and pusher front edge of board and backgauge front edge of board can be circular shape.
In order to preferably explain to the present invention, a kind of operation principle of Automatic reamer of the present invention is done further Illustrate:
When workpiece by automatic feed mechanism and conveying mechanism by workpiece deliver to pusher track 310 inner when, retainer cylinder 303 promote retainer plates 302 to enter retainer plate openings, and lattice keep off on feed opening, and push cylinder 301 promotes scraping wings 302 by workpiece It is pushed to work pieces process position, workpiece is fixed by scraping wings 302 and striker plate 306, and holding pad 306 is in the promotion of binder cylinder 307 Under push, workpiece in the vertical direction is fixed, hydraulic power head 201 drive broad 203 pass through holding pad 306 on work Position hole carries out reaming work to workpiece, and after reaming terminates, each workpiece resets, and workpiece is sent by feed opening and discharging mechanism.
Although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, the present invention is not limited to this, any art technology Personnel, without departing from spirit and scope of the invention, all making various changes and change, therefore protection scope of the present invention should It is defined by claim limited range.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of Automatic reamer, including automatic feed mechanism, feeding mechanism, drilling machine and discharging mechanism, described drilling machine includes bed Body, hydraulic power head and the broad being installed on hydraulic power head, described broad is installed on hydraulic power head, institute State feeding mechanism to be installed in bed body, described feeding mechanism includes base plate, striker plate, scraping wings, push cylinder, retainer plate, support Material cylinder, holding pad, pull bar, pull bar fixed plate, binder cylinder, pusher track and conveying mechanism, described base plate is fixed on bed body On, described base plate has a retainer plate opening near one end of hydraulic power head, and the corresponding bed body of described retainer plate opening has Feed opening, described feed opening is located at immediately below broad, and described feed opening is provided with discharging mechanism, and described base plate is provided with and pushes away Material track, described pusher track to being provided with workpiece charging aperture, described conveying mechanism respectively with workpiece charging aperture and automatic charging Mechanism docks, and workpiece is transported in pusher track, described retainer cylinder is fixed on bed body or base plate, promotes retainer plate in support Move back and forth in flitch opening, described push cylinder promotes scraping wings to move back and forth in pusher track, and described striker plate is fixed In pusher track one end, realize the stationary positioned to workpiece with scraping wings, described holding pad is placed in above workpiece fixed bit and opens Have corresponding with broad position and size process hole, described holding pad is connected with pull bar fixed plate by pull bar, described pressure Material cylinder is fixed on lathe or base plate, and the piston rod of described binder cylinder is fixed in pull bar fixed plate, and binder cylinder promotes Holding pad moves up and down, and realizes the compression of the vertical direction to workpiece.
2. a kind of Automatic reamer according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that conveying mechanism is belt type conveyer structure.
3. a kind of Automatic reamer according to claim 2 it is characterised in that belt type conveyer structure include conveying powered Machine, conveyer belt, Timing Belt, delivery track, conveyer belt support plate, idler wheel mechanism, driven pulley and drivewheel, described delivery track support plate It is fixed at workpiece charging aperture, described delivery track is fixed on delivery track support plate, and described idler wheel mechanism is fixed on charging aperture The workbench side of opposite side, described driven pulley is fixed on delivery track support plate one end, and described conveyer belt passes through workpiece to feed Mouthful, below workpiece track and work stage is enclosed within idler wheel mechanism and driven pulley, described conveying translator is fixed in bed body, passes through Drivewheel and Timing Belt drive driven pulley to rotate, and driven pulley driving conveying belt rotates.
4. a kind of Automatic reamer according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described automatic feed mechanism is concussion disk Formula feeder.
5. a kind of Automatic reamer according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the shape of pusher front edge of board and backgauge front edge of board Shape is fitted with workpiece phase.
CN201410446556.3A 2014-09-03 2014-09-03 Automatic reaming machine Active CN104259923B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104259923B true CN104259923B (en) 2017-02-01

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CN105855646B (en) * 2016-05-26 2017-12-22 郭飚 A kind of automatic charging tapping machine
CN105921784A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-09-07 安庆宜源石油机械配件制造有限责任公司 Automatic feeding drilling device for valve production
CN106041619A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-26 中原内配集团安徽有限责任公司 Workpiece transferring tool for milling of air cylinder sleeve
CN106112661B (en) * 2016-07-11 2018-02-23 安徽铭海通科技有限公司 A kind of automatically processing device for circular tube shaped workpiece
CN106736492B (en) * 2016-12-29 2019-11-05 浙江工业大学 Rotary extrusion type spinning isolator star-wheel flexible roller automatic assembling machine
CN108723513B (en) * 2018-06-21 2021-05-25 深圳凯鸿欣电子科技有限公司 Three way connection tapping equipment
CN109877637B (en) * 2019-03-20 2020-12-08 阳信东泰精密金属有限公司 Automatic change spare part processingequipment

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6332731U (en) * 1986-08-13 1988-03-02
KR200423329Y1 (en) * 2006-05-24 2006-08-04 조승래 A rotary table drilling machine
CN201098744Y (en) * 2007-11-15 2008-08-13 李康 Full-automatic drilling machine
CN102357687A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-02-22 德利赉精密五金制品(深圳)有限公司 Machining fixture and automatic tapping machine
CN202270996U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-06-13 德利赉精密五金制品(深圳)有限公司 Automatic hole-expanding machine
CN203003209U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-06-19 台州市中亚曲轴制造有限公司 Hole drilling tool
CN204353880U (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-05-27 青岛勤德索具有限公司 A kind of Automatic reamer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6332731U (en) * 1986-08-13 1988-03-02
KR200423329Y1 (en) * 2006-05-24 2006-08-04 조승래 A rotary table drilling machine
CN201098744Y (en) * 2007-11-15 2008-08-13 李康 Full-automatic drilling machine
CN202270996U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-06-13 德利赉精密五金制品(深圳)有限公司 Automatic hole-expanding machine
CN102357687A (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-02-22 德利赉精密五金制品(深圳)有限公司 Machining fixture and automatic tapping machine
CN203003209U (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-06-19 台州市中亚曲轴制造有限公司 Hole drilling tool
CN204353880U (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-05-27 青岛勤德索具有限公司 A kind of Automatic reamer

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