CN104217823B - Electric wire stranding device and method, twisting type cables manufacturing device and method - Google Patents

Electric wire stranding device and method, twisting type cables manufacturing device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104217823B
CN104217823B CN201410240067.2A CN201410240067A CN104217823B CN 104217823 B CN104217823 B CN 104217823B CN 201410240067 A CN201410240067 A CN 201410240067A CN 104217823 B CN104217823 B CN 104217823B
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mentioned
wire
wire clamp
wires
electric wire
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CN104217823A (en
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永野充
莳田和则
国田昌贵
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Japan Automatic Machine Co Ltd
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Japan Automatic Machine Co Ltd
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Priority to JP2013-117153 priority Critical
Priority to JP2013117153A priority patent/JP5400981B1/en
Priority to JP2014102202A priority patent/JP6282929B2/en
Priority to JP2014-102202 priority
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Publication of CN104217823A publication Critical patent/CN104217823A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides and utilizes a table apparatus to carry out wire ends process and stranded and that the productive temp time is shorter twisting type cables manufacturing device etc..Twisting type cables manufacturing device (1) possesses the pulling off device (1300) pulled out at the top through end process of many electric wires and through the electric wire that end processes, two ends is carried out stranded stranding device (1400).The top utilizing the electric wire that pulling off device (1300) pulls out utilizes connection device (1600) to be sent to top ends rotary unit (1400A).Afterbody utilizes connection device (1700) to be sent to tail end rotary unit (1400B).The wire clamp (1410) making top ends rotary unit (1400A) moves to caudal and makes electric wire relax, and makes each rotary unit rotate afterwards, and adjusts two wire clamps interval each other and put on the tension force of electric wire.

Description

Electric wire stranding device and method, twisting type cables manufacturing device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to many (particularly two) electric wires are carried out stranded device etc., special Do not relate to manufacture the device being mainly used in vehicle-mounted twisting type (stranded) cable.
Background technology
Twisting type cable (pair twist electric wire, twisted conductor) processes by making two ends have passed through end Two electric wires of (terminal compression joint etc.) are stranded and obtain, and are mainly used for stopping electromagnetic wave institute The aspects such as the noise brought.Due to more cheap than the coaxial cable of identical purpose, the most extensively use It is installed on the various holding wires of automobile.Twisting type cable needs has various length (0.55m~3.5m), and, constant in order to electrical characteristics are remained, need between electric wire Gap less, making stranded spacing is the steady state value corresponding with length.Therefore, two electricity The length of line is identical, needs to hold electric wire while carrying out stranded with suitable tension force.Special Not, stranded by carrying out, the length of electric wire is shorter than length during monomer, it is therefore desirable to The stranded interval being adjusted between two ends, tension force.
As an example of the method making such twisting type cable, there is following methods: prepare The most treated electric wire in two ends (terminal crimping electric wire etc.), manual by two therein It is installed on stranding device, utilizes this stranding device to carry out stranded.As such stranding device, Propose by make electric wire itself towards carrying out in the way of identical stranded to prevent because of anti-strand And between electric wire, produce gap (referring for example to patent documentation 1).
But, the operation of the electric wire processed through end due to such preparation is carried out with to electric wire Stranded operation is the most discontinuous, need to be by craft, it is therefore desirable to the time, and cannot improve life Produce efficiency.
But, the present inventors proposes and manufactures two butt pressures in a table apparatus side by side The device (with reference to patent documentation 2) connected wires.If will carry out in the way of two electric wires are arranged side by side The mechanism processed is applied to carry out electric wire stranded mechanism, then can be enterprising at 1 table apparatus Row prepares the operation of terminal crimping electric wire and electric wire is carried out stranded operation.
Patent documentation 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication 2008-47387 publication
Patent documentation 2: Japanese Patent No. 5060657
Summary of the invention
The problem that invention is to be solved
The present invention completes in view of above-mentioned aspect, its object is to provide wire length side To precision higher and possess suitable tension force and pay the electric wire stranding device etc. of mechanism.This Outward, it is an object of the invention to provide and utilize a table apparatus to carry out at terminal compression joint isoelectric line end Reason and stranded and that the productive temp time is shorter twisting type cables manufacturing device etc..Additionally, It is an object of the invention to provide the twisting type that the quality of the twisting type cable produced is higher Cables manufacturing device etc..
For solving the scheme of problem
Electric wire stranding device as the basis of the present invention possesses: top ends wire clamp, it is used for Hold the one end of many electric wires arranged side by side;Tail end wire clamp, it is used for holding this many electricity The other end of line;Wire clamp rotating mechanism, its be used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or State tail end wire clamp to rotate;And wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is for adjusting State top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp i.e. wire clamp interval, interval each other and Put on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires.
The 1st electric wire stranding device of the present invention is characterised by, above-mentioned wire clamp interval, tension force Guiding mechanism possesses: mobile station, and it is used for installing above-mentioned top ends wire clamp or above-mentioned tail end Portion's wire clamp;Force application mechanism, it is for the direction expanded this mobile station to above-mentioned wire clamp interval Force, and along with stranded the carrying out of said wires allows above-mentioned wire clamp between above-mentioned wire clamp Move every the direction reduced;Stop, it is for limiting above-mentioned mobile station, above-mentioned wire clamp The stroke terminal on direction that interval expands;And stop moves actuator, it is used for changing Become the position of this stop, when starting said wires carries out twist processed, make above-mentioned stop The direction expanded to above-mentioned wire clamp interval is moved, and makes said wires relax.
Make stop move when starting and twisting processed, make force application mechanism move, make electric wire relax. Afterwards, electric wire is applied the tension force produced by the active force of force application mechanism, the most right Electric wire carries out stranded.Fairly simple mechanism can be used, and can make at short notice Electric wire relaxes and proceeds by the most stranded.
The 1st twisting type cables manufacturing device of the present invention possesses: electric wire feed mechanism, and it is used In the many electric wires that supply is arranged side by side;Top ends divests mechanism, and it is for the top to this electric wire Cover layer divest;Top processing mechanism, it is to the top enforcement after divesting Reason;Top ends exhaustion mechanism, its above-mentioned top after pull-out processes;Electric wire is cut Breaking mechanism, it is for being cut to random length by said wires;Tail end divests mechanism, its For the cover layer of the afterbody of the said wires after cutting off is divested;Trail processing machine Structure, it is for processing the afterbody enforcement after divesting;Electric wire stranding device, it has Above-mentioned arranged side by side many piece electric wires treated to two ends carry out stranded following part: top Portion's wire clamp, it is for holding the top of above-mentioned many electric wires;Tail end wire clamp, it is used for handle Hold the afterbody of these many electric wires;Rotating mechanism, its be used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or Above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotates;And wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting Above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp interval each other and putting on State the tension force of many electric wires;Top ends connecting gear, it is for from above-mentioned top ends pulling machine Structure receives the top of above-mentioned many electric wires and is sent to the above-mentioned top of said wires stranding device End wire clamp;And tail end connecting gear, it is for passing the afterbody of above-mentioned many electric wires Deliver to the above-mentioned tail end wire clamp of said wires stranding device.
The 2nd twisting type cables manufacturing device of the present invention is characterised by, be provided with make above-mentioned Electric wire make before being sent to said wires stranding device above-mentioned many arranged side by side electric wires each other it Between the interval mechanism that i.e. electric wire spacing reduces.
The end of many electric wires arranged side by side is divested, cut-out etc. time, it is necessary to make side by side Many electric wire spacing to expand (such as 20mm) to a certain degree.Its reason is to need to use In the space accommodating the arranged side by side instrument divesting, cutting off, device etc..But, in stranded work In sequence, reduce (aftermentioned) etc. owing to acting on the load of electric wire, need to reduce further electricity Distance between centers of tracks (such as 10mm).Therefore, be provided with terminate electric wire cuts off, divest, end process Afterwards, before electric wire is sent to electric wire stranding device, make many electric wires arranged side by side each other it Between the interval mechanism that i.e. electric wire spacing reduces.Thereby, it is possible to carry out the arranged side by side of many electric wires Process, and the quality of twisting type cable can be improved.
The 3rd twisting type cables manufacturing device of the present invention is characterised by, is used for reducing above-mentioned The mechanism of electric wire spacing is located at above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism or above-mentioned top ends connecting gear And above-mentioned tail end connecting gear.These mechanisms are suitable for setting makes said wires spacing reduce Mechanism.
The 4th twisting type cables manufacturing device of the present invention is characterised by, is also equipped with: supply Wire length meter, it is located at said wires feed mechanism and for measuring in above-mentioned many electric wires The distance that is supplied to of every electric wire;Pull-out wire length meter, it is used for measuring said wires Length by the pull-out of above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism;And wire length unusual determination mechanism, It produces each other in each wire length utilizing above-mentioned supply wire length measurement to measure In the case of specifying above difference or utilize each electricity that above-mentioned supply wire length measurement measures Line length and utilizing produce between the above-mentioned pull-out wire length length that measures of measurement regulation with On difference in the case of be judged as exception.
The 5th twisting type cables manufacturing device of the present invention is characterised by having: roller, its It is located at said wires feed mechanism, for clamping and carry each in above-mentioned many electric wires Electric wire;And for control this roller pressing said wires by the mechanism of pressure, in conveying When stating electric wire, utilize the driving of above-mentioned roller to make above-mentioned higher by pressure ratio, make at above-mentioned roller In free rotation state and utilize above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism pull-out said wires time, at this Roller not and skid between electric wire in the range of make above-mentioned relatively low by pressure ratio.
The twisting type cables manufacturing device of the 6th of the present invention is characterised by having: mobile Workbench, it makes above-mentioned top ends connecting gear move up in wire length side;And peace Be loaded on this mobile working platform and for make the electric wire wire of above-mentioned top ends connecting gear be clipped in The mechanism that said wires length direction side at a right angle moves up, at above-mentioned mobile working platform Caudal there is resinous buffer strip, this resinous buffer strip is to processed, carrying The downside extension of electric wire, and at said wires length direction together with above-mentioned mobile working platform Upper movement.
Other twisting type cables manufacturing devices of the present invention are characterised by having: mobile work Station, it makes above-mentioned top ends connecting gear and above-mentioned top ends wire clamp in wire length side Move up;And it is installed on this mobile working platform and for making above-mentioned top ends connecting gear Electric wire wire be clipped in the mechanism that the side at a right angle with said wires length direction moves up.
The 2nd electric wire stranding device of the present invention is characterised by, this electric wire stranding device is provided with for hindering The vibration block piece of the said wires vibration in the most stranded.
The 3rd electric wire stranding device of the present invention is characterised by being also equipped with discharge tray, this row Go out pallet after electric wire is stranded, loads above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp pine Open and fall stranded after electric wire, above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end line Folder, the above-mentioned rotating mechanism of this wire clamp and on one side to this wire clamp force while making wire clamp The above-mentioned wire clamp interval of movement, tension adjustment mechanism arrange as from being arranged in above-mentioned discharge tray Top workbench hang mode.Eliminate as much as and after stranded, unclamped wire clamp make product In the case of product fall, hooking drops to position as the product of discharge tray (chute). Thereby, it is possible to prevent operation fault.
The 1st twisting type cable making method of the present invention utilizes top ends wire clamp to clamp many electricity The one end of line i.e. top ends, utilizes tail end wire clamp to clamp the other end of these many electric wires I.e. tail end, adjusts above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp each other Interval and put on the tension force of said wires, make above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or on State tail end wire clamp to rotate, many electric wires are carried out stranded and manufactures twisted conductor, its feature It is, this twisting type cable making method uses said wires stranding device.
The 2nd twisting type cable making method of the present invention comprises: the operation of supply electric wire;Right The top ends that the cover layer at the top of the electric wire of supply carries out divesting divests operation;After divesting Top implement the top treatment process of the process such as crimp type terminal;At the end that will carry out top Electric wire after reason is cut to the electric wire of random length and cuts off operation;Tail to the electric wire after cutting off The tail end that the cover layer in portion carries out divesting divests operation;Afterbody after divesting is implemented at end The trail processing operation of reason;And two ends are implemented end process after many electric wires twist The stranded operation closed, it is characterised in that use above-mentioned strand in this twisted conductor manufacture method Box-like cables manufacturing device.
The effect of invention
Carrying out along with stranded, the length of the electric wire after being twisted gradually shortens.According to the present invention, Owing to when carrying out stranded to two (many) electric wires, pulling the one end of electric wire to apply Tension force, and, correspondingly make this end on the long side direction of electric wire with the shortening amount of electric wire Mobile, therefore, it is possible to maintain electric wire with suitable tension force.Therefore, it is possible to manufacture stranded between The twisting type cable that gap between uniform and electric wire is less.Further, if by this stranded dress Put group and enter the terminal press-connection device of two-wire system (multiple wire system), then can process with wire ends (divest, terminal compression joint etc.) carries out stranded operation continuously, thus without expending by craft The time of installation etc. is carried out, it is possible to increase production efficiency to stranding device.Or, it is possible to carry For the twisting type cables manufacturing device etc. that the productive temp time is shorter.Additionally, using the teaching of the invention it is possible to provide system The twisting type cables manufacturing device etc. that the quality of the twisting type cable produced is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the twisting type cables manufacturing device schematically showing embodiments of the present invention Integrally-built top view.
Fig. 2 is the side view of electric wire feedway.
Fig. 3 is the side view of top ends pulling off device.
Fig. 4 is the side view illustrating the position relationship between electric wire feedway and top ends pulling off device.
Fig. 5 is the side view in the wire clamp portion of top ends pulling off device.
Fig. 6 is the top view in the wire clamp portion of top ends pulling off device.
Fig. 7 is the side view of the structure illustrating top ends handover apparatus and mobile working platform.
Fig. 8 is the top view of the structure illustrating the top ends handover apparatus of Fig. 7 and mobile working platform.
Fig. 9 be illustrate when observing from top side, the top ends handover apparatus of Fig. 7 and mobile working platform The front view of structure.
(A) of Figure 10 is the side view of movable workbench mechanism, and (B) of Figure 10 is front view.
Figure 11 is the side view when the discharge side of tail end handover apparatus is observed, mainly illustrates wire clamp Mechanism up and down.
Front view when Figure 12 is to observe from the top side of tail end handover apparatus, mainly illustrates the line of wire clamp Folder interval change mechanism (electric wire spacing change mechanism).
Figure 13 is the top view of tail end handover apparatus.
Figure 14 is the side view when discharge side observes top ends rotary unit.The stranded operation of electric wire is shown State before beginning.
Figure 15 is the side view during top ends rotary unit observing Figure 14 from discharge side.It is that electric wire is stranded State after the end of job.Also schematically show the Pneumatic transferring guard system of force application cylinder.
Figure 16 is the upward view during top ends rotary unit observing Figure 14 from below.Identical with Figure 14 Illustrate the stranded operation of electric wire start before state.
Figure 17 is the front view during top ends rotary unit observing Figure 14 from caudal.
Figure 18 is for illustrating that caudal conductor vibration block piece and X-direction central part conductor vibration stop Part, from top side caudal ward observe electric wire stranding device time figure.
Figure 19 is the schematic top view illustrated for pair twist box-like cables manufacturing operation.
Figure 20 is the schematic top view illustrated for pair twist box-like cables manufacturing operation.
Figure 21 is the schematic top view illustrated for pair twist box-like cables manufacturing operation.
Figure 22 is the flow chart that pair twist box-like cables manufacturing operation illustrates.
Figure 23 is the schematic top view of the example illustrating twisting type cable.
Detailed description of the invention
Hereinafter, referring to the drawings embodiments of the present invention are described in detail.
The overall structure of twisting type cables manufacturing device
With reference to Fig. 1, the entirety to the twisting type cables manufacturing device of embodiments of the present invention Structure illustrates.Twisting type (stranded) cable by shown in Figure 23, implement Two electric wires W1, W2 that the ends such as two ends crimp type terminal T process carry out stranded and obtain.
As it is shown in figure 1, twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 possesses following major part: electric wire supplies To device (mechanism) 100, its two-wire system crimped electric wire proposed with the present inventors manufactures Device (Japanese Patent No. 5060657) is in the same manner for respectively from two wirning harness supplies Electric wire and clamp the leading section of this electric wire;Device for stripping (mechanism) 200, it is for right The overburden stripping of the front end (top ends) of this electric wire;Terminal press-connection device (mechanism) 210, It is for the front end by terminal compression joint electric wire after divesting;Wire shut-off device (mechanism) 230, it is for being cut to random length by the electric wire being crimped with terminal in front end;Wire clamp fills Put (mechanism) 240, the rearward end (tail end) of its electric wire after clamping cut-out;Stripping Except device (mechanism) 250, it is for carrying out the cover layer of the rear end of the electric wire after cutting off Divest;And terminal press-connection device (end processing mechanism) 260, it is for by terminal compression joint Rear end after divesting.
Further, twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 is also equipped with being not present in the two-wire of above-mentioned patent Major part formula crimped electric wire manufacturing apparatus, following.Top ends pulling off device (mechanism) 1300, it is before holding utilizes the electric wire that shearing device 230 cut off and be crimped with terminal End also pulls out random length.This top ends pulling off device 1300 can be incited somebody to action after pull-out electric wire The shaft core spacing (the referred to as size of Y-direction, electric wire spacing) of two electric wires W1, W2 20mm when pull-out narrows down to 10mm.Electric wire stranding device 1400, it is for two Side pressure is connected to two electric wires of terminal and carries out stranded.Electric wire stranding device 1400 includes for handle The top ends rotary unit of the leading section (top ends) held and rotate the electric wire after being cut off (revolves Rotation mechanism) 1400A and for holding and rotate the tail of rearward end (tail end) of this electric wire End rotary unit 1400B.Lower section between Unit two is configured with and produces for receiving The discharge tray 1800 of twisting type cable.
Further, twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 is also equipped with following major part.Top ends is moved Handing over device (delivery authority) 1600, the top ends of its electric wire after cutting off is from top Portion's pulling off device 1300 moves to the top ends rotary unit 1400A of stranding device.This top ends Handover apparatus 1600 also is able to the shaft core spacing of two electric wires W1, the W2 received (the referred to as size of Y-direction, electric wire spacing) 20mm when pull-out narrows down to 10mm. Tail end handover apparatus (delivery authority) 1700, the tail end of its electric wire after cutting off Portion moves to the tail end rotary unit 1400B of stranding device from tail end line clamping device 240.Should The shaft core spacing of two electric wires W1, W2 that tail end handover apparatus 1700 can will receive 10mm is narrowed down to from (the referred to as size of Y-direction, electric wire spacing) 20mm in time pulling out.
It addition, twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 is also equipped with lower part.Supply wire length Meter, it is located at said wires feed mechanism and for measuring every electricity in above-mentioned many electric wires The distance that line is supplied to;Pull-out wire length meter, it is used for measuring said wires by above-mentioned top The length of end exhaustion mechanism pull-out;And wire length unusual determination mechanism, it is utilizing Each wire length that above-mentioned supply wire length measurement is measured produces more than regulation each other Difference in the case of or utilize each wire length that above-mentioned supply wire length measurement measures with Utilize above-mentioned pull-out wire length to measure between the length measured and produce the above difference of regulation In the case of be judged as exception.Above-mentioned each wire length meter is the use in said wires feed mechanism In the tropometer of the motor driving the donor rollers individually carrying each electric wire, make this electronic Machine is in free rotation state and utilizes above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism to pull out electric wire, surveys Measure the pull-out length of above-mentioned each electric wire.
In the following description, after shearing device 230 being utilized to cut off remaining in wirning harness side Electric wire is referred to as residual electric wire or primary side electric wire, the anterior electricity after cutting off from wirning harness Line is referred to as cut-out electric wire or primary side electric wire (with reference to Fig. 1).It addition, supply for electric wire The electric wire direction of the supply of device 100, is referred to as X-direction by the length direction of electric wire, by X-direction Front side (+side) be referred to as top side, by rear side (-X side) be referred to as caudal.It addition, will Orthogonal with X-direction and for carrying primary side electric wire direction is referred to as Y-direction, by Y-direction Base side (-side) is referred to as anti-discharge side, and front side (+side) is referred to as discharge side.
Starting to carry primary side electric wire to manufacture next twisting type cable product To the original state of electric wire feedway 100, electric wire feedway 100, shearing device 230, tail end line clamping device 240 and top ends pulling off device 1300 are from two wirning harnesses Predetermined distance is separated in series on the direction (X-direction) that the electric wire sent is carried Arrange in order.The Y-direction position of electric wire feedway 100 grade under this original state is claimed Make electric wire supply position Y0 (also referred to as initial point).It addition, by top ends pulling off device 1300 Original state under X-direction position be referred to as initial position X0.
Electric wire feedway 100 can move to-Y direction from electric wire supply position Y0.Top Portion's device for stripping 200 is configured at and leaves predetermined distance from electric wire supply position Y0 to-Y direction Position Y1 (top ends divests position), top ends terminal press-connection device 210 is configured at from top End divests position Y1 and positions away from (top ends terminal compression joint position to-Y direction further Put) Y2.
Tail end line clamping device 240 can move to +Y direction from electric wire supply position Y0.Tail End device for stripping 250 be configured at from electric wire supply position Y0 to +Y direction leave regulation away from From position Y3 (tail end divests position), tail end terminal press-connection device 260 be configured at from Tail end divests position Y3 and positions away from Y4 (tail end terminal pressure to +Y direction further Connect position).
Top ends pulling off device 1300 can move to X-direction from origin position X0.Electric wire twists Locking device 1400 is configured at and leaves regulation from tail end terminal compression joint position Y4 to +Y direction The position Y5 of distance.Tail end rotary unit 1400B is fixed on XY direction, but top End rotary unit 1400A can move (describing after detailed content) in the X direction.
It follows that each device is illustrated.
Electric wire feedway 100
With reference to Fig. 2, electric wire feedway is illustrated.Electric wire feedway 100 is substantially There is the knot identical with the two-wire system crimped electric wire manufacturing apparatus of Japan Patent 5060657 Structure, effect.
Electric wire feedway 100 is arranged in parallel on electric wire conveying direction and clamps from two The top ends of the electric wire that wirning harness is sent respectively, and send these along electric wire conveying direction Electric wire.Electric wire feedway 100 possesses the roller unit 110 sending and holding electric wire.Roller list Unit 110 possesses the roller of left and right to 120, drive the left and right roller motor 130, left to 120 respectively Right roller is to support plate 140 and for installing the base plate 150 of above-mentioned parts.On additionally, due to State roller to carry while clamping electric wire, the most also referred to as feeder, wire clamp roller.
The roller support plate 140 of left and right is arranged in base plate in the way of parallel with electric wire conveying direction The left and right sides of 150.The upper underarm 141,142 of two forwards extended is with the side that can rotate Formula is arranged on the top of each roller support plate 140.Constitute the roller upper and lower roller 121,122 to 120 So that the front end of each arm 141,142 can be arranged in the way of rotating.Up-down rollers 121,122 Between interval can by utilize cylinder 148 make each arm 141,142 rotate change.It addition, Also be able to adjust between up-down rollers 121,122 by pressure, i.e. act on and held by two rollers Electric wire cover surface pressure.Specifically, the automatically controlled of empty pneumatic circuit 147 is utilized Pressure-regulating valve 149 controls to put on the air pressure of cylinder 148.Roller, arm, the detailed construction of cylinder It is recorded in Figure 12 of Japan Patent 5060657, Fig. 5, description 0053~0067 paragraph.
In the present embodiment, utilize roller 120 to electricity when supplying with electric wire when electric wire clamps Line applies higher by pressure, utilizes top ends pulling off device 1300 when electric wire pulls out Apply than relatively low by pressure (avoiding the degree that roller skids).Thereby, it is possible to prevent at electricity During line pull-out, electric wire covers and produces impression etc. on surface.The value of air pressure can be according to electric wire Size, material selects.
The same axis of the upper and lower roller 121,122 of left and right roller pair is fixed with gear, this A little gears is engaged in upper and lower driving gear 125,126 respectively.Upper and lower driving gear 125,126 are configured to be engaged with each other.On the same axis being fixed on lower driving gear 126 Belt wheel and the belt wheel of the output shaft that is fixed on motor 130 between be wound with Timing Belt 133. Utilize such structure, when motor 130 stops, electric wire up-down rollers 121, Between the outer peripheral face of 122 held and be jammed, when motor 130 is driven, up-down rollers 121,122 by driving gear 125,126 to rotate round about up and down, sends electric wire. The ozzle 135 that supply lines inserts is installed in the front of the contact surface of up-down rollers 121,122.
Motor 130 is the servomotor being built-in with encoder.Utilization is compiled by this motor Code device measurement to rotary angle signal feed back to control portion (half-closed loop control), control dynamic Measure to reach target amount of movement.In addition it is possible to be set to disconnection electromagnetic brake and servo The state of (サ ボ Off リ) only makes encoder function freely.In other words, exist In the case of not driving motor to pull out electric wire under free rotation state, the rotation of motor Rotating shaft rotates, therefore, it is possible to utilize encoder to measure pull-out amount.Thereby, it is possible to it is independent Two electric wires are sent on ground respectively, and can learn every electric wire send length.
Each roller support plate 140 utilizes spring (not shown) to exert a force base plate 150 upward, on The height that limit for height degree is set as between up-down rollers 121,122 reaches the electric wire supply height of regulation Degree.Further, be supported to can be relative to base plate 150 at above-below direction for each roller support plate 140 Upper movement, enables the height of the contact surface of up-down rollers 121,122 to follow when terminal compression joint (landing mechanism) is declined in crimping.Thereby, it is possible to prevent the electric wire when terminal compression joint from existing Middle high part bending or folding.
Base plate 150 is by by ball-screw, the driving motor of ball-screw, linear guide The travel mechanism 151 that part and sliding part etc. are constituted is supported to can be on workbench 160 Move in X direction.Time when divesting, terminal compression joint, base plate 150 is the most forwards Mobile, carry out divesting operation, terminal compression joint operation.
Further, workbench 160 is by the motor by turning arm, driving turning arm, linear The travel mechanism 161 that guiding piece and sliding part etc. are constituted is supported to can be on board 3 Move along Y-direction.Thus, electric wire feedway 100 can move to top ends and divest position Y1, top ends terminal compression joint position Y2.
Shearing device 230, device for stripping 200 etc.
It follows that shearing device, device for stripping etc. are illustrated.Shearing device 230, Top ends device for stripping 200, top ends terminal press-connection device 210, tail end device for stripping 250, tail end terminal press-connection device 260 and tail end line clamping device 240 substantially have Identical with each device of two-wire system crimped electric wire manufacturing apparatus (Japan Patent 5060657) Structure, effect.Hereinafter its summary is illustrated.
Shearing device 230 has two groups of cutting off tools for cutting off arranged side by side two piece electric wire, Cut off two electric wires simultaneously.Tail end line clamping device 240 has for clamping arranged side by side two piece The wire clamp portion of the caudal end of electric wire, it is possible to divest position from Y0 caudad portion, electric wire supply position Put Y3, tail end terminal compression joint position Y4 moves.Top ends device for stripping 200 and tail end Portion's device for stripping 250 has two groups of cutters for divesting two electric wires arranged side by side, Two electric wires are divested simultaneously.Top ends terminal press-connection device 210 and tail end end Sub-compression bonding apparatus 260 possesses one group of terminal crimping connector, staggering time in units of one to two Root electric wire carries out terminal compression joint process.
Top ends pulling off device
It follows that the overall structure of top ends pulling off device is illustrated with reference to Fig. 3.
Top ends pulling off device 1300 possesses: wire clamp portion 1310, and it supplies from electric wire for holding To the front end of two electric wires that device 100 (Fig. 1) is sent;And travel mechanism 320, its For making wire clamp portion 1310 origin position Y0 in the Y direction move in X direction.Towards+ The movable length that X-direction moves is according to the length carried out before twisting type of twisting type cable product Determine (e.g., from about 3.5m).
Wire clamp portion 1310 has utilization two electric wires W1, W2 of holding respectively and amounts to about two groups The switching mechanism (aftermentioned) of paired wire clamp 1311 and this wire clamp 1311.Wire clamp portion 1310 It is arranged on the caudal end of the support plate 315 grown crosswise.
Travel mechanism 320 possesses and is laid on fixing base in the way of extending along the X direction (not Diagram) on Linear guide 321, be sticked in this guiding piece 321 two sliding parts 322, Timing Belt 325 and for driving the motor 327 etc. of Timing Belt 325.Linear guide 321 Length be about 4m.Belt wheel 329 it is configured with near the two ends of Linear guide 321, The rotary shaft of one of them (tip side) belt wheel 329 is linked with the rotary shaft of motor 327. It is wound with Timing Belt 325 between both pulleys.Timing Belt 325 utilizes in multiple positions and presses Pressure roller 331 regulates tension force.Motor 327 is servomotor with encoder.
It is provided with overleaf to be sticked in linearly draws for supporting the support plate 315 in wire clamp portion 1310 The sliding part 322 of guiding element 321, and this support plate 315 is fixed on synchronization by web 317 Band 325.When motor 327 is driven, Timing Belt 325 circulates between two belt wheels 329 Advance.Inverted by the direction of rotation taking the circumstances into consideration to make motor 327, web 317 and Timing Belt 325 two gone up in X direction between two belt wheels 329 along Linear guide 321 together Direction is moved.The mobile limit of two of fixed plate 317 is detected by sensor etc..
By the movement of web 317, wire clamp portion 1310 also is able to initial point position in the Y direction Put Y0 to move in X direction.As shown in Figure 4, wire clamp portion 1310 is in the X direction for detailed content At origin position X0, i.e. from the front end of the ozzle 135 of electric wire feedway 100 to +X direction The position leaving predetermined distance (as an example about 160mm) is standby.Further, in wire clamp portion 1310 to-X direction move this distance and near electric wire feedway 100 (wire clamp position, X1), after the top ends of the electric wire that clamping is clamped by electric wire feedway 100, wire clamp portion 1310 move to +X direction, are pulled out from electric wire feedway 100 by electric wire.Pull-out distance exists It this example can be any distance to greatest extent within 3500mm.Additionally, due at electricity Motivation 327 is built-in with encoder, therefore calculates according to the tachometer of the rotary shaft of motor 327 The displacement from wire clamp position (X1) movement (electric wire pull-out length) in wire clamp portion 1310.
Here, make each electric wire supply motor 130 servo of electric wire feedway 100 freely, When utilizing top ends pulling off device 1300 to pull out electric wire (moving to +X direction), pull-out Length (displacement in wire clamp portion 1310) can exist and utilizes electric wire feedway 100 The value (L1, L2) of the every electric wire that the encoder of each motor 130 calculates, utilize top Value (M) these three that the encoder of the motor 327 of portion's pulling off device 1300 calculates. Ideally these values are identical, but sometimes because of the skidding of electric wire, the shadow of the elongation of electric wire Ring and wait and make the value of L1 from L2 different, even if or the value of L1, L2 is identical but this value also Different from M.In this case, worry that the electrical characteristics of the twisting type cable produced are sent out Raw undesirable condition.Therefore, it also is able in this case judge that operation is abnormal.Specifically For, if the difference of the difference of the difference of L1 Yu L2, M Yu L1, M Yu L2 is in threshold value set in advance Hereinafter it is no problem to be then judged as, if more than threshold value set in advance, is judged as that operation is different Often, additionally it is possible to carry out the inspection of device, adjustment etc..
The wire clamp portion 1310 of top ends pulling off device 1300
It follows that with reference to Fig. 5, the tool in the wire clamp portion 1310 of 6 pairs of top ends pullings off device 1300 Body embodiment illustrates.The wire clamp portion 1310 of this embodiment is characterized by line Folder interval (electric wire spacing) change mechanism 1350.Fig. 5 is top ends pulling off device 1300 The side view in wire clamp portion 1310.Fig. 6 is the wire clamp portion 1310 of top ends pulling off device 1300 Top view.
The wire clamp portion 1310 of this top ends pulling off device 1300 is installed on shown in the bottom right of Fig. 5 The caudal end of mobile station 1371 (corresponding to the support plate 315 of Fig. 3).As shown in Figure 6, Wire clamp portion 1310 have in the Y direction relative to a pair wire clamp (anti-discharge side wire clamp 1311, Discharge side wire clamp 1311 ').Each wire clamp 1311 holds the one of two electric wires W1, W2 respectively And another one.Each wire clamp 1311 separately has wire clamp opening and closing bindiny mechanism 1313.Separately Outward, also there is shaft core distance K in the Y-direction changing two wire clamps 1311 (substantially corresponding In electric wire spacing) wire clamp interval change mechanism 1350.
First wire clamp 1311 is illustrated self.As it is shown in figure 5, wire clamp 1311 is in wealthy mouth Shape ground opening and closing, the most identical and paired.Here upside wire clamp 1311 is illustrated.Wire clamp The arm 1325 of main body 1324 and its root is in bar-shaped and rotate around pin 1327.In wire clip body The front end of 1324 is attached to pawl 1321 by pin 1323.Pressed during this pawl 1321 online clip closure It is pressed in the outer surface of the insulating cover of line W.Now, pawl 1321 is freely movable about pin 1323 turns Dynamic, therefore each several part in the X-direction of pawl 1321 uniformly and with the cover layer outer surface of line W Contact the cover layer outer surface of this line W abreast.Thus, the edge of preventing claw 1321 is unilateral The outer surface of insulating cover of contact line W and Damage to insulation cover layer.
Root at arm 1325 is linked with by connector A1329 (with arm 1325 by pin 1327 Integrally), the wire clamp opening and closing bindiny mechanism that connector B1333, pin 1331, pin 1335 are constituted 1313.Pin 1335 by U-shaped folder (Network レ PVC ス) 1334 by the bar of wire clamp opening and closing cylinder 1339 1338 (Fig. 6) drive in X direction.Further, Fig. 5 is the state that wire clamp 1311 is opened, when Pin 1335 from this state to top side (+X) mobile time, wire clamp 1311 cuts out and holds line W. Additionally, above-mentioned bindiny mechanism 1313 is arranged in frame 1330.
It follows that wire clamp interval change mechanism 1350 is illustrated referring especially to Fig. 5.Line Folder interval change mechanism 1350 is illustrated in the bottom of Fig. 5, makes plate 1351 in the Y direction (Fig. 5's Paper fore-and-aft direction) upper mobile, this plate 1351 is provided with wire clamp opening and closing bindiny mechanism 1313 Frame 1330 and wire clamp opening and closing cylinder 1339.Lower surface at this plate 1351 is provided with pneumatic clamping Dish sliding part 1353 and linear guide sliding part 1361.Air spider sliding part 1353 is by confession Give to the air pressure of air spider main body 1357 on air spider guide rail 1355 along Y-direction Driven.Linear guide sliding part 1361 slides on linear guiding rail 1363.Additionally, Air spider, Linear guide can use product on sale.Additionally, use air spider simultaneously It is to make longer wire clamp portion 1310 the most swimmingly with both Linear guides Mobile.
Wire clamp interval change mechanism 1350 is at each wire clamp 1311 points of two electric wires W1, W2 It is not provided with one.Wire clamp interval change mechanism 1350 is as described above in electric wire top ends The most close direction of two wire clamps 1311,1311 ' is made to move 5mm respectively after pull-out, The spacing of two electric wires W1, W2 is narrowed down to 10mm.Additionally, the stroke of movement can By the stroke adjustment bolt 1347 shown in the truncation part on the right side of regulation Fig. 6, figure The position of head of upside change.That is, the head of stroke adjustment bolt 1347 face corresponding thereto Between the half of size K1 be the mobile size of each wire clamp 1311,1311 '.
Top ends handover apparatus 1600
It follows that to top ends handover apparatus 1600 and make top ends move with reference to Fig. 7~Fig. 9 Hand over the mobile working platform that device 1600 and top ends rotary unit 1400A move to X-direction 1401 illustrate.Fig. 7 is to illustrate top ends handover apparatus 1600 and mobile working platform The side view of the structure of 1401.Fig. 8 is to illustrate the top ends handover apparatus 1600 of Fig. 7 and move The top view of the structure of station of starting building 1401.Fig. 9 is that the top ends illustrating Fig. 7 from top side is transferred The front view of the structure of device 1600 and mobile working platform 1401.
Top ends handover apparatus 1600 from pulling off device 1300 (with reference to Fig. 1,3) receive Fig. 8 The top of arranged side by side two piece electric wire W1, W2 shown in upper left side, along the vacation in accompanying drawing Think that the arrow of line, to discharging the carrying of (+Y) side, is transported to top side afterwards, is handed over to attached Top ends rotary unit 1400A shown in the imaginary line of figure bottom.
Top ends handover apparatus 1600 possesses following major part: wire clamp portion 1610, it is used In holding electric wire;Rotary table 1615, it is used for making this wire clamp portion 1610 rotate 180 °; Ball-screw 1625, sliding part 1622, guide rail 1621, they for along Y-direction drive, Guide this rotary table 1615 and wire clamp portion 1610;X mobile station 1640, it is provided with Ball-screw 1625, guide rail 1621 also move to X-direction;Ball-screw 1647, screw thread drive Dynamic (ネ ジ) motor 1650, guide rail 1661, guide rail 1662, they are used for along X Direction drives, guides X mobile station 1640;And mobile working platform 1401, it is provided with respectively Part also significantly moves to X-direction according to product wire length.
Wire clamp portion 1610 possesses a pair wire clamp 1611 and for holding two electric wires W1, W2 Air spider 1613 for this pair wire clamp 1611 of opening and closing.Chuck 1613 is installed on X side To the arm 1614 of rotary table 1615 that rotates as center of horizontal axis.By this Rotary table 1615, wire clamp 1611 clamping be drawn out device 1300 (with reference to Fig. 1,3) It is rotated down 180 ° using X-direction horizontal axis as center after the electric wire W of clamping (also to join According to Fig. 9).
Illustrating as plainly in Fig. 7, rotary table 1615 be fixed on upwards erect The caudal of platform 1617.The bottom surface propping up platform 1617 is arranged on linear guide sliding part 1622.Sliding Moving part 1622 slides along the guide rail 1621 extended in the Y direction.It addition, a platform 1617 is also It is connected to nut keeper 1626.Nut keeper 1626 is built-in with and ball-screw 1625 The ball nut of engagement, makes when utilizing motor 1627 (being also presented in the upper end of Fig. 8) When ball-screw 1625 rotates, nut keeper 1626 and platform 1617, rotary table 1615, wire clamp portion 1610 moves in the Y direction along guide rail 1621.
As shown in Figure 8, the guide rail 1621 extended along above-mentioned Y-direction and ball-screw 1625 It is arranged in the X mobile station 1640 extended along the Y direction.As it is shown in fig. 7, move at this X The lower surface of platform 1640 is fixed with linear guide sliding part 1642 and nut keeper 1644.As Shown in Fig. 8, linear guide sliding part 1642 is along two arranged side by side the leading extended in the X direction Rail 1661,1662 slides.Nut keeper 1644 and X mobile station 1640 is by along X side Drive to the ball-screw 1647 extended and slide.Top side end at this ball-screw 1647 Connect and have screw drive motor 1650.
The ball-screw 1625 of above-mentioned Y-direction, guide rail 1621 is utilized to drive in the Y direction, draw Wire folder portion 1610.Thus, will from top ends pulling off device 1300 (with reference to Fig. 1,3) connect Two electric wires W1, W2 receiving are carried to and the rotation axis of top ends rotary unit 1400A Identical Y-direction position.Afterwards, the ball-screw 1647 of X-direction, guide rail 1661, lead Rail 1662 drives to X-direction top side, guides wire clamp portion 1610, by two electric wires W1, W2 It is transported to the wire clamp portion 1410 of top ends rotary unit 1400A.
Mobile working platform 1401
It follows that mobile working platform 1401 is illustrated.As shown in Figure 8, mobile working Platform 1401 is the generally rectangular plate that XY face (horizontal plane) extends on a large scale.This moves Workbench 1401 is also presented near the foot of Fig. 7, Fig. 9.This mobile working platform 1401 For installing top ends handover apparatus 1600 and top ends rotary unit 1400A, following Working table driving device drive, the most significantly move according to product wire length.
With reference to Figure 10, to for installing top ends handover apparatus and top ends rotary unit The travel mechanism of mobile working platform 1401 illustrates.(A) of Figure 10 is movable workbench The side view of mechanism, (B) of Figure 10 is front view.As it has been described above, mobile working platform 1401 Can along with top ends pulling off device 1300 (with reference to Fig. 1,3) move in the X direction.
On the platform 650 shown in the bottom of (B) of Figure 10, with the line of top ends pulling off device Property guiding piece 321 is equipped with two linear guiding pieces 651 abreast (in X direction).In work The back side of station 1401 is provided with the sliding part 652 slided along above-mentioned Linear guide 651. This Linear guide 651 is utilized to guide workbench 1401 to advance in the X direction.
Hung down under mobile working platform 1401 band connecting portion 667.This band connecting portion 667 is solid Due to the Timing Belt 659 that mobile working platform 1401 drives, along with driving of this Timing Belt 659 Dynamic, band connecting portion 667 is driven in the X direction with mobile working platform 1401.Such as Figure 10 (A), shown in, belt wheel 655, belt wheel 656 it are each configured with at the both ends of Timing Belt 659. The belt wheel 655 of top side is driven to carry out rotating by motor 657 by band 658.Make two Between belt wheel 655, the both sides in X-direction move up.The mobile limit of two of workbench 1401 Detected by sensor etc..Additionally, along with the movement of workbench 1401, following buffer strip 660 Advance the most in the X direction.
Resinous buffer strip 660 it is equipped with in a winding manner in the periphery of Timing Belt 659. Lower surface at the X-direction two ends of mobile working platform 1401 is fixed with the two ends of buffer strip 660. Buffer strip 660 is rotatably supported by four belt wheels 663 in the outside of Timing Belt 659.
As shown in (B) of Fig. 8, the width of the Y-direction of buffer strip 660 and mobile working platform 1401 Width roughly equal.As shown in Fig. 1 or Figure 18, this resinous buffer strip 660 is moving The caudal of station of starting building 1401 is to the downside extension of electric wire processed, that carry.Electric wire from During electric wire supply position moves to stranded position, the pars intermedia of electric wire is removed on band 660 Fortune, therefore, it is possible to avoid damaged wire or hooking in other components, parts.
Tail end handover apparatus 1700
It follows that tail end handover apparatus is illustrated.
As it is shown in figure 1, tail end handover apparatus 1700 is in tail end terminal compression joint position (Y4) Receive the caudal end of primary side electric wire from tail end line clamping device 240 and be transported to stranded position Put (Y5), be sent to tail end rotary unit 1400B.In this embodiment, it is possible to using should Mechanism with wire clamp portion with the turning arm making wire clamp portion move.
Figure 11 is the side view when discharge side is observed of tail end handover apparatus 1700, mainly The mechanism up and down of wire clamp is shown.Figure 12 is when observing from top side of tail end handover apparatus 1700 Front view, mainly illustrate wire clamp wire clamp interval change mechanism (electric wire spacing change machine Structure).Figure 13 is the top view of tail end handover apparatus 1700.
This tail end handover apparatus 1700 is from the tail end line clamping device 240 shown in Figure 11, Fig. 1 (holding the caudal end of electric wire when the divesting of electric wire tail end, terminal compression joint) receives electricity The caudal end of line W, reduces electric wire spacing (20mm → 10mm), is sent to electricity afterwards The wire clamp 1410 of the tail end rotary unit 1400B of line stranding device 1400.
This tail end handover apparatus 1700 mainly possesses following part (to be enumerated and conforms to the principle of simplicity Figure 12's The order that bottom configures towards top): position fixing clamper 1749, it is used for holding anti-row Go out side electric wire W1;The movable wire clamp in position 1799, it is used for holding discharge side electric wire W2, Change two electric wires W1, W2 axle distance between centers (electric wire spacing) time to anti-discharge side Mobile;Electric wire spacing change cylinder 1770, it is used for making above-mentioned position movable wire clamp 1799 at Y Side moves up;The upper and lower cylinder of wire clamp 1720, it is used for making two wire clamps 1749, about 1799 Mobile;Hanger rod 1711, rotating mechanism 1701, they hang two wire clamps 1749,1799 And electric wire gap variable mechanism, upper and lower mechanism is overall and rotates at horizontal plane (XY face) (with reference to Fig. 1).Additionally, the reference 1706 shown in Figure 12 is for preventing electric wire hooking Outer housing.
As shown in the foot of Figure 12 (front view), the topmost of Figure 13 (top view), Position fixing clamper 1749 is used for holding anti-discharge side electric wire W1, by the Y direction relative to A pair pawl is constituted.As shown in figure 11, the top of wire clamp 1749 is connected to air spider 1740 Arm 1747.By supplying air pressure and by arm 1747 opening and closing line to air spider 1740 Folder 1749.It is upper that the air spider 1740 of position fixing clamper 1749 is fixed in shown in Figure 13 Leave office 1731 and move in the vertical direction (detailed content as described later, and and hanger rod 1711 rotate together).
As shown in the foot of Figure 12 (front view), the top of Figure 13 (top view), position Put movable wire clamp 1799 for holding discharge side electric wire W2, by the Y direction relative to a pair Pawl is constituted.As shown in figure 11, the top of the movable wire clamp in position 1799 is to the oblique direction of top side Bending and extend, its tip is connected to the arm 1797 of air spider 1790.By to pneumatic clamping Dish 1790 supplies air pressure and by arm 1797 opening and closing wire clamp 1799.Position fixing clamper The air spider 1790 of 1799 is fixed in the movable plate 1781 shown in Figure 13, in the Y direction with And upper and lower moves up, and (detailed content as described later, is also revolved together with hanger rod 1711 Turn).
It follows that mechanism upper and lower to the wire clamp in tail end handover apparatus 1700 illustrates. The upper and lower mechanism of this wire clamp makes two wire clamps 1749,1799 move up and down and from tail end wire clamp When electric wire pulled down by the wire clamp of device 240 and make electric wire fall into tail end rotary unit 1400B's Work during wire clamp portion 1410.
As shown in figure 11, the cylinder main body 1721 of the upper and lower cylinder of wire clamp 1720 is fixed in hanger rod The bottom of 1711.Piston rod 1723 stretches out on this cylinder main body 1721.In cylinder main body 1721 Side, top side and upside there are and slide up and down part 1725.This slides up and down part 1725 Driven by piston rod about 1723, and by the Linear guide in cylinder main body 1721 Lower guiding.Slide up and down the parts that part 1725 is L-shaped, have along cylinder main body 1725 Root 1727 that side is guided up and down and at right angles bending also from the upper end of this root 1727 Acra 1729 along the upper surface of cylinder main body 1725.Lower surface in acra 1729 connects It is connected to piston rod 1723.The cylinder of such band sliding part can use product on sale.
Upper surface in the acra 1729 sliding up and down part 1725 is fixed with leave from office 1731 Cylinder connecting portion 1733.As shown in figure 13, upper leave from office 1731 be flat shape be anti-Z-type Platform.It is formed with upper and lower plates even in discharge side upper leave from office 1731, above-mentioned cylinder connecting portion 1733 Meet portion 1735.Caudal at upper and lower plates connecting portion 1735 is formed in the way of caudal ward extension Extension 1737.Tip at this extension 1737 forms the pneumatic clamping that oriented discharge side extends Dish connecting portion 1739.As it has been described above, be fixed with at air spider connecting portion 1739, opening and closing is counter arranges Go out the air spider 1740 of the position fixing clamper 1749 of side.
It follows that the electric wire spacing change mechanism of tail end handover apparatus 1700 is said Bright.
As shown in figure 12, the following table of the upper and lower plates connecting portion 1735 of leave from office 1731 on aforesaid Face is fixed with upper and lower plates 1761 in the way of hanging down downwards.Bottom at this upper and lower plates 1761 The caudal (with reference to Figure 13) of 1763 is fixed with the form hung and makes position as described as follows The main body of the electric wire spacing change cylinder 1770 that the position of movable wire clamp 1799 is moved in the Y direction 1771。
As shown in figure 12, electric wire spacing change cylinder 1770 has above-mentioned main body 1771, piston Bar 1773, the horizontal sliders 1775 in L-shaped.This cylinder 1770 is and above-mentioned cylinder up and down 1720 identical product on sale.Upper surface on the top 1777 of horizontal sliders 1775 is fixed with Move horizontally plate 1781.As shown in figure 13, it is fixed with in this caudal moving horizontally plate 1781 The opening and closing air spider 1790 of the movable wire clamp in position 1799.This opening and closing air spider 1790 can In Figure 13, the anti-row shown in double dot dash line is utilized by said wires spacing change cylinder 1770 Go out the mobile 10mm in position (position that electric wire spacing reduces) of side.
So, the wire clamp 1799 of discharge side can be displaced between the electric wire shown in Figure 13, Figure 12 State away from wider (20mm) and two figures utilize imaginary line (double dot dash line) to illustrate The state of electric wire spacing narrower (10mm).From tail end line clamping device 240 receive with During the electric wire afterbody of terminal, receive with the state that electric wire spacing is wider, reduce afterwards between electric wire Away from, with this state, the caudal end of electric wire is sent to the line of tail end rotary unit 1400B Folder portion 1410.Thereby, it is possible to reduce carry out electric wire stranded time two electric wires W1, W2 Distance between end, it is possible to reduce the electric wire of stranded end expansion angle (Y word Another angle).Its result, have can reduce the power of electric wire that acts on, deformation and The dangerous effect of electric wire damage can be reduced.
Stranding device 1400
It follows that strand device 1400 illustrates.As it is shown in figure 1, stranding device 1400 Possess for holding and the top ends at the top of electric wire (primary side electric wire) that rotary cutting is had no progeny Rotary unit 1400A and holding also rotate the tail end rotary unit of afterbody of this electric wire 1400B.It is arranged as opposed on two unit stranded position Y5 in the Y direction.Additionally, Though be fixed with tail end rotary unit 1400B (motionless in X-direction, Y-direction), but such as Shown in Fig. 8, top ends rotary unit 1400A is arranged in the lump with top ends handover apparatus 1600 On the workbench 1401 that can move in the X direction.Two rotary units 1400A, 1400B Electric wire handle sturcture, rotating mechanism share.
Top ends rotary unit 1400A
Top ends rotary unit 1400A is illustrated.Figure 14 is to observe this reality from discharge side Execute the side view during top ends rotary unit 1400A of mode, and be that the stranded operation of electric wire is opened State before beginning.When Figure 15 is the top ends rotary unit 1400A observing Figure 14 from discharge side Side view, and be the state after the stranded end of job of electric wire.The Pneumatic transferring of force application cylinder 1510 Guard system also schematically shows.Figure 16 is the top ends rotary unit from lower observation Figure 14 Upward view during 1400A.Figure 14 is the state before the stranded operation of electric wire starts equally.Figure 17 It it is the front view during top ends rotary unit 1400A observing Figure 14 from caudal.
This top ends rotary unit 1400A includes following major part: is used for holding and to twist The wire clamp portion 1410 at the top of the electric wire closed (switching mechanism of band opening and closing cylinder 1447 grade, also one And referred to as top ends wire clamp);Wire clamp electric rotating motivation 1450 wire clamp rotating mechanism such as grade;Force Cylinder 1510, mobile station 1455 etc. are while exerting a force while making between the wire clamp that wire clamp moves to wire clamp Every, tension adjustment mechanism;The LSOR mechanisms 1460 such as stop 1463, its movable cylinder 1462.
As shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, above-mentioned top ends wire clamp, wire clamp rotating mechanism and To wire clamp force while making wire clamp interval that wire clamp moves, tension adjustment mechanism, the most wired pine It is hang down from the matrix 1470 being connected to aforesaid workbench 1401 that relaxation mechanism 1460 arranges Form.This be in order to electric wire is carried out stranded after unclamp wire clamp make product fall time, as far as possible Eliminate hooking and drop to position as the product of chute (discharge tray).
Wire clamp portion 1410 and switching mechanism thereof
First, wire clamp portion 1410 and switching mechanism thereof are illustrated.
Wire clamp portion 1410 is used for holding and rotating two electric wires W1, W2, and has two Electric wire W1, W2 carry out stranded wire clamp sheet 1411.Wire clamp sheet 1411 is as shown in Figure 17 Relative to each other and paired, (closedown) closer to each other holds two electric wires W1, W2, that This separates (opening) and unclamps electric wire.Wire clamp sheet 1411 has the side by root 1414 relatively The main body 1413 of the right triangular shape that wide, tip side is narrower.Use such wire clamp sheet The reason of the shape of 1411 is, even if applying stronger chucking power, wire clamp sheet 1411 is the most not Can deform and electric wire can be held securely.The counterpart shape of the tip side of online intermediate plate 1411 Become tapered 1415, during to avoid loading between wire clamp sheet 1411 electric wire W, hooking occurs.
As shown in figure 16, the switching mechanism of wire clamp includes by the root being linked to wire clamp sheet 1411 The bindiny mechanism of the composition such as connector 421,422, the opening and closing that accommodates this bindiny mechanism connects Part housing 1420, the axis body 1427 of drive connection mechanism, this axis body 1427 is supported into rotate Bearing 1435, the keeper 1430 of this bearing 1435 freely, make this keeper 1430 at X Wire clamp opening and closing cylinder 1447 that side moves up, joint 1443 etc..Additionally, reference 1408 It it is the vibration block piece (detailed content is aftermentioned) of electric wire.
Wire clamp rotating mechanism
It follows that wire clamp rotating mechanism is illustrated.Wire clamp sheet 1411, make this wire clamp sheet The opening and closing connector housing 1420 of 1411 opening and closings forms as one with axis body 1427, by electronic Machine 1450 is driven in rotation.Connected by shaft coupling 1449 between motor 1450 and axis body 1427 Connect.The center of rotation axis of these components rotated is positioned at two electric wires W1, W2 substantially Centre.Opening and closing connector housing 1420 is configured to significantly deviate center of rotation and becomes uneven Weight block, be used for offsetting this unbalanced counterbalance 1429 be configured in axis body leading section with Rotation axis is interposed between mode and the opening and closing connector shell of centre by opening and closing connector housing 1420 The position that body 1420 is relative.
Wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism
It follows that wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism are illustrated.As shown in figure 15, This wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism mainly include for suspension clamp device 1410, its rotation Turn the mobile station 1455 of motor 1450 and for this mobile station 1455 is exerted a force to top side The force application cylinder 1510 of (pulling).
Upper surface in mobile station 1455 is provided with the linear guide sliding part arranged in X direction 1476.This linear guide sliding part 1476 and mobile station 1455 are at the lower surface of matrix 1470 Move in the X direction along the linear guide guide rail 1475 extended in the X direction.Additionally, Guide rail 1474 (with reference to Figure 16) also it is provided with abreast with guide rail 1475.As shown in figure 15, The advance limit (the caudal limit) of this mobile station 1455 is connected to matrix 1470 by being fixed on Caudal end L font strut 1473 front end on amortisseur 1406 and mobile station The caudal end of 1455 abuts and limits.On the other hand, as shown in figure 14, mobile station 1455 The retrogressing limit (the top side limit) by being fixed on the amortisseur of the top side end of mobile station 1455 1459 abut with stop 1463 (can move, aftermentioned) and limit.
As shown in the solid line of Figure 15 and dotted line, the force application cylinder 1510 of mobile station 1455 is with to X The mode that direction extends hangs the lower surface being arranged on matrix 1470.Bar 1511 is from force application cylinder 1510 caudal wards extend.The front end (caudal end) of bar 1511 is connected to above mobile station 1455 Installation portion 1456.
Force application cylinder 1510 is pneumatic cylinder in this embodiment.As shown in figure 15, close at cylinder 1510 The space of bar side connects bar side pipeline 513, and connecting in the space of rod opposition side has piston Lateral line 514.Each pipeline is connected to pneumatic supply 519 via opening and closing switching valve 517,518.? Bar side pipeline 513 is additionally provided with pressure-regulating valve 516.
This pressure-regulating valve 516 is for adjusting the pressure of the rod side part putting on piston 512 Power, for extracting air out from bar side pipeline 513 time more than authorized pressure, for authorized pressure Bar side pipeline 513 is admitted air into time following.Thus, the rod of piston 1512 will be put on The air-pressure controlling in the face of side is constant, by the pulling force i.e. stranding process of bar 1511 The tension force putting on electric wire controls as constant.Further, carry out with along with electricity cabling And the length of electric wire shortens ordinatedly, bar 1511 caudal ward of force application cylinder 1510 is sent (real It is that bar 1511 is drawn out by twisted conductor on border).
LSOR mechanism 1460
It follows that to the LSOR being made up of stop 1463, stop movable cylinder 1462 etc. Mechanism 1460 illustrates.As shown in Figure 14, Figure 15, this stop movable cylinder 1462 is fixed The face by discharge side in the plate 1468 hung down from matrix 1470.This stop movable cylinder 1462 Bar 1461 can send by caudal ward.Limited location device 1463 is connected in the front end of this bar 1461. It addition, the stop extended in the setting up and down oriented top side of stop 1463 guides bar 1465.This guiding bar 1465 is along the upper and lower bullport (not shown) of stop movable cylinder 1462 Directed.
Be spaced LSOR mechanism and wire clamp, the action of tension adjustment mechanism illustrates.? Under state before the stranded beginning of electric wire of Figure 14, stop 1463 is positioned at the caudal limit.Now, Force application cylinder 1510 applies air pressure to bar side, and bar 1511 applies to draw in the power in direction.Then, Mobile station 1455 is positioned at position of readiness (electric wire because stop 1463 abuts with amortisseur 1459 Slack position).Additionally, now, though force application cylinder 1510 is in the shape drawing in the limit near bar State, but as long as being that the size (in this embodiment for 30mm) for making electric wire relax can also It is pulled further into.
From this holding state, wire clamp portion 1410 is utilized to hold from aforesaid top ends handover apparatus 1600 transmit the electric wire top of coming.But, now put on power F of piston rod 1511 and subtract The power F ' that shake device 1459 bears from stop 1463 mutually balances, and this power F does not put on line Folder portion 1410, electric wire W.And then, the front wheel driving stop movable cylinder of rotation is started at wire clamp 1462, make stop 1463 move 30mm (with reference to Figure 15) to top side.Then, mobile station 1455, wire clamp portion 1410 is pulled by force application cylinder 1510 and moves to top side, makes electric wire W relax And apply tension force to electric wire W.
Here, electric rotating motivation 1450 is utilized to make wire clamp portion 1410 rotate.Then, two electricity Line W is twisted, and is gradually shortened.Pulled by the electric wire W of this shortening, the bar of force application cylinder 1510 1511 pay the pulling force of constant to electric wire W and continue caudal ward and be drawn out.Additionally, In this example, the force application cylinder 1510 using stroke to be 250mm.Figure 15 is that piston rod 1511 is sent State after going out.Additionally, as described below, force application cylinder 1510 is also not reaching to send the limit, There remains abundant stroke.
It follows that the situation after strand terminates illustrates.
After the wire clamp portion 1410 of two rotary units 1400A, 1400B rotates stipulated number, Force application cylinder 1510 sends bar 1511 further, and top ends rotary unit 1400A caudal ward moves About 50mm, electric wire is the most lax.Afterwards, the wire clamp portion 1410 of two unit is at wire clamp 1411 Rotate as opening wire clamp 1411 after vertical direction, send electric wire.Owing to electric wire is with nervous shape State is twisted, if therefore keeping this state to open wire clamp 1411, then there is electric wire and upsprings and do not have There is the possibility being contained in discharge tray 1800.Therefore, top ends rotary unit 1400A is made After the tension force moved and relax electric wire, the deadweight merely with electric wire makes electric wire drop to discharge Pallet 1800.
In the device of this example, the stroke 250mm of force application cylinder 1510 is the most used as described below.? Maximum 30mm when unclamping electric wire during stranded beginning.Shorten mutually with electric wire in stranding process Apply tension force with joining and length maximum 170mm sent (changes according to the difference of product length Become).Maximum 50mm when unclamping electric wire (twisting type cable) after stranded.
Conductor vibration blocking mechanism
It follows that the conductor vibration blocking mechanism in this electric wire stranding device is illustrated.
Conductor vibration block piece mechanism is provided with conductor vibration resistance at following three in its device Gear component: caudal conductor vibration block piece 1403, X-direction central part conductor vibration block piece 1404 (aftermentioned) and top side conductor vibration block piece 1408, this top side conductor vibration stops Part 1408 is set to rotate single to aforesaid top ends in the substantially surface of the electric wire of tension Caudal and the top in the wire clamp portion 1410 of unit 1400A (Figure 15, Figure 17) extend towards Y-direction Form (Figure 17).The electric wire that suppression rotates vibrates upward, prevents wire clamp portion 1410 from shaking Dynamic.It addition, be obtained in that more neat electric cabling form.
Figure 18 is for illustrating caudal conductor vibration block piece 1403 and X-direction central part electricity Linearly coupled block piece 1404, from top side caudal ward observe electric wire stranding device time figure.? The upper left of this figure illustrates caudal rotary unit 1400B and wire clamp portion 1410 thereof.On the other hand, The amortisseur of a part of top side rotary unit 1400A, i.e. caudal is shown in the bottom right of this figure 1406, for installing the strut 1473 of this amortisseur 1406.Double dot dash line is utilized to describe to connect The line (wire rotating centrage) at the center of two rotary units.
As shown in figure 18, caudal conductor vibration block piece 1403 is set to caudad portion's rotation list Big at wire rotating centrage of the top side in wire clamp portion 1410 of unit 1400B (Fig. 1) and top The form extended in the Y direction directly over cause.Similarly, as shown in figure 18, central part electricity Linearly coupled block piece 1404 is set to the X-direction (long side direction) at the electric wire being twisted The Y-direction of the substantially surface of the upper direction wire rotating centrage of substantially central portion and row Go out the form that skew back extends above.The effect effect of said wires vibration block piece 1403,1404 Fruit is as mentioned above.
Product discharge tray 1800 is also illustrated that in the bottom of Figure 18.It addition, aforesaid resin-made Buffer strip 660 is also presented in the anti-discharge side of discharge tray 1800.
Twisting type cables manufacturing operation
It follows that it is stranded to utilizing twisting type cables manufacturing device to manufacture with reference to Figure 19~Figure 21 One example of the operation of formula cable illustrates.
(A) of Figure 19 is that the wire clamp 1310 of top ends pulling off device 1300 receives (holding) Arranged side by side two piece electric wire W1, W2 of terminal is supplied and is crimped with by electric wire feedway 100 Top after state.Anti-discharge side electric wire W1 in two electric wires is by wire clamp portion 1310 Anti-discharge side wire clamp 1311 holds, and discharge side electric wire W2 is discharged side line folder 1311 ' holding. Now, the distance between centers (spacing) of two electric wires W1, W2 is 20mm.Think this Spacing 20mm from electric wire feedway 100, device for stripping 200 structure in terms of restriction come See and be difficult to reduce further.
It follows that as shown in (B) of Figure 19, by the wire clamp portion 1310 of pulling off device 1300 To the length length of product (length correspond roughly to) of top side pull-out regulation, simultaneously before The method stated measures the length of electric wire.It follows that as shown in (B ') of Figure 19, drive top Wire clamp interval change mechanism 1350 (air spider) of end pulling off device 1300, makes two 5mm is moved in the most close direction of wire clamp 1311,1311 ' respectively, by two electric wire W1, The spacing of W2 is reduced into 10mm.Additionally, due to make two electric wires W1, W2 in this way Balancedly moving, therefore the attitude of two electric wires is identical (will not occur only certain root electric wire to tilt Situation).Therefore, it is possible to make to put on the load of two electric wires, the cut-out of caudal, stripping The environment operation such as removing is uniform.
Further, as shown in (C) of Figure 19, utilize tail end line clamping device 240 clamp by After electric wire after pull-out, shearing device 230 is utilized to cut off electric wire.Thus, it is drawn out The caudal end of electric wire (primary side electric wire) moves to tail end line clamping device 240.Substantially In the identical moment, the top side end of the electric wire being drawn out is from the wire clamp portion of pulling off device 1300 The 1310 wire clamp portions 1610 being transferred into top ends handover apparatus 1600.Now, top ends is moved Hand over the wire clamp portion 1610 of device 1600 in the wire clamp portion 1310 than pulling off device 1300 in the inner part The position clamping electric wire of (near tail end).
Afterwards, as shown in (D) of Figure 19, the X of top ends handover apparatus 1600 is installed Mobile station 1640 caudal ward slightly moves, and the electric wire between two wire clamps relaxes.Thus, exist When carrying out process (divest, terminal compression joint) of caudal, tail end easily to electric wire axially with And the direction the most orthogonal with electric wire move.During this period, tail end line clamping device 240 moves Move tail end and divest position, utilize device for stripping 250 that caudal end is divested.
Further, as shown in (E) of Figure 20, tail end line clamping device 240 moves to tail end Terminal compression joint position, utilizes terminal press-connection device 260 crimp type terminal.When roughly the same Carving, the wire clamp portion 1610 of top ends handover apparatus 1600 is rotated down 180 °.It follows that such as Shown in (F) of Figure 20, X mobile station 1640 moves to top side, so that tail end is transferred Device 1700 is prone to take over caudal end from tail end line clamping device 240.Thus, electric wire is made W1, W2 are lax, make the wire clamp 1749,1799 of tail end handover apparatus 1700 be prone to clamp Electric wire.And then, tail end handover apparatus 1700 receives the caudal end of electric wire, each wire clamp 1749,1799 clamp wire end (the wire clamp portion of tail end line clamping device 240 slightly by top Side part).
It follows that as shown in (F ') of Figure 20, the discharge side of tail end handover apparatus 1700 Wire clamp 1799 moves 10mm to anti-discharge side, the spacing of two electric wires W1, W2 is reduced To 10mm.Additionally, in the electric wire spacing change mechanism of tail end handover apparatus 1700 only Make a wire clamp 1799 move be in order to make mechanism more simplify, light-duty.This Figure 18's In the operation of (F '), the isotropism of the attitude of two electric wires W1, W2 is substantially without generation Problem.
Afterwards, as shown in (G) of Figure 21, tail end handover apparatus 1700 and top ends Handover apparatus 1600 is simultaneously moved into stranded position.And then, the caudal end of electric wire is from tail end The wire clamp 1749,1799 of portion's handover apparatus 1700 is delivered to tail end rotary unit 1400B Wire clamp portion 1410.It addition, the top side end of electric wire is from the line of top ends handover apparatus 1600 The wire clamp portion 1410 to top ends rotary unit 1400A is delivered in folder portion 1610.Additionally, it is each Each wire clamp portion 1410 of rotary unit 1400 (is being leaned in the outer part than the wire clamp portion of each connection device The end of nearly electric wire) position clamping electric wire.
Under the state (when rotary unit receives electric wire) of (G) of Figure 21, force application cylinder 1510 Bar 1511 be in from drawing in the state that the limit is slightly sent.Further, make to be equipped with wire clamp dress Put 1410, the mobile station 1455 of its opening and closing cylinder 1447, electric rotating motivation 1450 etc. is in top The state that layback is dynamic.Now, mobile station 1455 abuts by amortisseur 1459 and stops at top Side pole limit stop 1463.When (G) of this Figure 21, at two rotary units The chien shih electric wire of 1400A, 1400B relaxes.
Afterwards, as shown in (H) of Figure 21, stop movable cylinder 1462 is driven to make top ends The stop 1463 of the mobile station 1455 of rotary unit 1400A moves 30mm to top side.By This, it is possible to draw in the force application cylinder 1510 of top ends wire clamp.Its result, force application cylinder 1510 is to top Layback moves top ends wire clamp portion 1410, makes electric wire relax.
After making this electric wire lax, start the rotation of two unit 1400A, 1400B.And then, As shown in (I) of Figure 21, wire clamp portion 1410 is made to rotate with the speed suitably selected, rotating speed, Two electric wires are carried out stranded.When carrying out stranded, utilize force application cylinder 1510 to electric wire Apply the tension force of regulation while piston rod 1511 to be sent stranded brought amount of contraction.Two The motor of individual unit 1400A, 1400B rotates with the rotating speed of regulation after terminating, force application cylinder 1510 send bar 1511 (being 50 in this embodiment) further, make electric wire the most lax.It After, open the wire clamp portion 1410 of two unit, stranded after electric wire will not upspring but discharge In discharge tray 1800.
So, owing to the precision of the length of two electric wires is higher, and electric wire is paid Suitable tension force is while carrying out stranded, and the most stranded spacing is generally uniform, it is possible to manufacture electricity The twisting type cable that gap between line is less.
The summary of above-mentioned each operation is illustrated by the flow chart with reference to Figure 22.
First, in S1, utilize electric wire feedway to supply electric wire, afterwards in S2, profit Clamp the top ends of electric wire with pulling off device and pull out the distance of regulation.Afterwards, in S3, Cut off electric wire.After severance, the electric wire (primary side electric wire) of wirning harness side is stayed by electric wire Feedway clamps, and divests top ends in this condition in S4, crimps in S5 Terminal.On the other hand, the tail end of the electric wire (primary side electric wire) after cut-off is at S6 In be stripped, crimp type terminal in S7 afterwards.Afterwards, tail end and top ends respectively by It is handover to rotary unit, utilizes this unit to carry out stranded to electric wire.After stranded, produce Twisting type cable be discharged in S9.
In S5 primary side electric wire after crimp type terminal as shown in the dotted line of accompanying drawing under One cycle utilizes electric wire feedway to supply, through pull-out, the cut-out of S3 of S2, makees Process for primary side electric wire.
So, after cutting off electric wire, the end of primary side electric wire processes operation and primary side electricity It is independent of one another that the end of line processes operation, and, these operations operation stranded with electric wire is the completeest Complete independent, therefore, it is possible to carry out these operations concurrently.Specifically, it is possible to by secondary The top ends of side electric wire is after top ends pulling off device is handover to top ends handover apparatus mechanism Independently carry out with electric wire stranding device making top ends pulling off device return to initial position etc. Wire ends processes operation.Particularly, stranded operation is to compare the operation required time for, therefore In stranded operation, it is possible to prepare electric wire next time used in advance.Therefore, it is possible to shorten The productive temp time that device is overall.
In the above description, illustrate to use the electric cabling being crimped with terminal at two ends Formula cable, but also be able to manufacture the electric wire after two ends are soldered, one end is soldered and another The end of one end is crimped with electric wire or twisting type based on the combinations thereof electricity of terminal Cable.In this case, replace arranging terminal crimping connector and arranging soft pricker in the device of Fig. 1 Welder.
Additionally it is possible to individually only use the electricity of the twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 of the present invention Line stranding device 1400.In this case, prepare the electric wire after carrying out end portion treatment in advance, With the line that each end of two electric wires is held on each rotary unit 400A, 400B such as manual Folder 410 also carries out stranded operation.In this case, identical with above-mentioned explanation, even if entering Row is stranded also to be able in advance with suitable tension force clamping electric wire.
It addition, the twisting type cables manufacturing device 1 of the present invention is not carrying out the stranded operation of electric wire In the case of can as manufacture two butts process electric wires device use.In this case, If using aforesaid electric wire feedway 100 to measure electric wire with top ends pulling off device 1300 Length, it is possible to two butts that factory length precision is high process electric wire.
The explanation of reference
W1, W2: electric wire;1: twisting type cables manufacturing device;3: board;100: electric wire supplies Device;110: roller unit;120: the roller pair of left and right;121,122: roller;125,126: drive tooth Wheel;130: electric wire supply motor;133: Timing Belt;135: ozzle;140: left and right roller is to supporting Plate;141,142: upper underarm;147: empty pneumatic circuit;148: cylinder;149: electrohydraulic pressure control adjusts Valve;150: base plate;151: travel mechanism;160: workbench;161: travel mechanism;200: top End device for stripping;210: top ends terminal press-connection device;230: shearing device;240: tail end Line clamping device;250: tail end device for stripping;260: tail end terminal press-connection device;315: supporting Plate;317: web;320: travel mechanism;321: Linear guide;322: sliding part;325: Timing Belt;327: motor;329: belt wheel;331: pressing roller;421,422: connector;513: Bar side pipeline;514: piston side pipeline;516: pressure-regulating valve;517,518: opening and closing switching valve; 519: pneumatic supply;659: Timing Belt;655,656: belt wheel;657: motor;658: band;660: Buffer strip;662: strap end portion;663: belt wheel;667: band connecting portion;1300: top ends pull-out dress Put;1310: wire clamp portion;1311: wire clamp;1313: wire clamp opening and closing bindiny mechanism;1321: pawl;1323: Pin;1324: wire clip body;1325: arm;1327: pin;1329: connector A;1330: frame; 1331: pin;1333: connector B;1334:U type presss from both sides;1335: pin;1338: bar;1339: Wire clamp opening and closing cylinder;1347: Traffic control system bolt;1350: wire clamp interval change mechanism;1351: plate; 1353: air spider sliding part;1355: air spider guide rail;1357: air spider main body;1361: Linear guide sliding part;1363: linear guide guide rail;1371: mobile station;1400: the stranded dress of electric wire Put;1400A: top ends rotary unit;1400B: tail end rotary unit;1401: workbench; 1403: caudal conductor vibration block piece;1404:X direction central part conductor vibration block piece;1406: Amortisseur;1408: top side conductor vibration block piece;1410: wire clamp portion;1411: wire clamp sheet;1413: Main body;1414: root;1415: tapering;1420: opening and closing connector housing;1427: axis body;1429: Counterbalance;1430: keeper;1435: bearing;1443: joint;1447: wire clamp opening and closing cylinder;1449: Shaft coupling;1450: wire clamp electric rotating motivation;1455: mobile station;1456: installation portion;1459: subtract Shake device;1460: LSOR mechanism;1461: bar;1462: stop movable cylinder;1463: stop; 1465: stop guides bar;1468: plate;1470: matrix;1473: strut;1474,1475: Linear guide guide rail;1476: linear guide sliding part;1510: force application cylinder;1511: bar;1512: Piston;1600: top ends handover apparatus;1610: wire clamp portion;1611: wire clamp;1613: pneumatic clamping Dish;1614: arm;1615: rotary table;1617: a platform;1621: guide rail;1622: slide Part;1625: ball-screw;1626: nut keeper;1627: motor;1640:X mobile station; 1642: linear guide sliding part;1644: nut keeper;1647: ball-screw;1650: screw thread Drive motor;1651: Linear guide;1652: sliding part;1661,1662: guide rail;1700: Tail end handover apparatus;1706: outer housing;1701: rotating mechanism;1711: hanger rod;1720: line Press from both sides upper and lower cylinder;1721: cylinder main body;1723: piston rod;1725: slide up and down part;1727: root; 1729: acra;1731: upper leave from office;1733: cylinder connecting portion;1735: upper and lower plates connecting portion;1737: Extension;1739: air spider connecting portion;1740: air spider;1747: arm;1749: position Fixing clamper;1761: upper and lower plates: 1763: bottom;1770: electric wire spacing change cylinder;1771: main Body;1773: piston rod;1775: horizontal sliders;1777: top;1781: movable plate;1790: Air spider;1797: arm;1799: the movable wire clamp in position;1800: discharge tray.

Claims (20)

1. an electric wire stranding device, possesses:
Top ends wire clamp, it is for holding the one end of many electric wires arranged side by side;
Tail end wire clamp, it is for holding the other end of these many electric wires;
Wire clamp rotating mechanism, it is used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotate; And
Wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end line The folder i.e. wire clamp in interval each other is spaced and puts on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires,
It is characterized in that,
Above-mentioned wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism possess:
Mobile station, it is used for installing above-mentioned top ends wire clamp or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp;
Force application mechanism, it is for the direction force expanded this mobile station to above-mentioned wire clamp interval, and with The direction that stranded the carrying out said wires allows above-mentioned wire clamp to reduce to above-mentioned wire clamp interval is moved;
Stop, its stroke on the direction that limit above-mentioned mobile station, above-mentioned wire clamp interval expands Terminal;And
Stop moves actuator, and it is for changing the position of this stop,
When starting said wires carries out twist processed, make the side that above-mentioned stop expands to above-mentioned wire clamp interval To movement, and said wires is made to relax.
Electric wire stranding device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
Above-mentioned force application mechanism has pressure-regulating valve, and this pressure-regulating valve is by adjusting cylinder and putting on The fluid pressure of this cylinder carrys out Accommodation power.
Electric wire stranding device the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that
After the stranded end of said wires, the direction making above-mentioned cylinder reduce to above-mentioned wire clamp interval is moved Dynamic, make stranded after said wires relax, open above-mentioned wire clamp afterwards.
4. a twisting type cables manufacturing device, possesses:
Electric wire feed mechanism, it is for supplying many electric wires arranged side by side;
Top ends divests mechanism, and it is for divesting the cover layer at the top of this electric wire;
Top processing mechanism, it is for processing the top enforcement after divesting;
Top ends exhaustion mechanism, its above-mentioned top after pull-out processes;
Electrical wire cutting-off machine structure, it is for being cut to random length by said wires;
Tail end divests mechanism, and it is for shelling the cover layer of the afterbody of the said wires after cutting off Remove;
Trail processing mechanism, it is for processing the afterbody enforcement after divesting;
Electric wire stranding device, it has above-mentioned arranged side by side many piece electric wires treated to two ends and carries out stranded Following part: top ends wire clamp, it is for holding the top of above-mentioned many electric wires;Tail end wire clamp, It is for holding the afterbody of these many electric wires;Rotating mechanism, its be used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or Above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotates;And wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting above-mentioned top Portion's wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp interval each other and put on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires;
Top ends connecting gear, it for receiving the top of above-mentioned many electric wires from above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism Portion is also sent to the above-mentioned top ends wire clamp of said wires stranding device;And
Tail end connecting gear, it is for being sent to the stranded dress of said wires by the afterbody of above-mentioned many electric wires The above-mentioned tail end wire clamp put,
It is characterized in that,
It was provided with before making said wires be sent to said wires stranding device and makes above-mentioned many electricity arranged side by side The line interval each other mechanism that i.e. electric wire spacing reduces.
Twisting type cables manufacturing device the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that
It is located at above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism and above-mentioned tail end for reducing the mechanism of said wires spacing Connecting gear or above-mentioned top ends connecting gear and above-mentioned tail end connecting gear.
6. according to the twisting type cables manufacturing device described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that
It is located at the mechanism for reducing said wires spacing of above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism by making two Electric wire is equably near reducing said wires spacing.
7. according to the twisting type cables manufacturing device described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that
Above-mentioned tail end connecting gear comprises:
For holding two groups of wire clamps of two electric wires respectively;
The mechanism of said wires spacing is reduced for making the one in this wire clamp move;And
Make the mechanism that above-mentioned two groups of wire clamps move up and down.
8. a twisting type cables manufacturing device, it is characterised in that possess:
Electric wire feed mechanism, it is for supplying many electric wires arranged side by side;
Top ends divests mechanism, and it is for divesting the cover layer at the top of this electric wire;
Top processing mechanism, it is for processing the top enforcement after divesting;
Top ends exhaustion mechanism, its above-mentioned top after pull-out processes;
Electrical wire cutting-off machine structure, it is for being cut to random length by said wires;
Tail end divests mechanism, and it is for shelling the cover layer of the afterbody of the said wires after cutting off Remove;
Trail processing mechanism, it is for processing the afterbody enforcement after divesting;
Electric wire stranding device, it has above-mentioned arranged side by side many piece electric wires treated to two ends and carries out stranded Following part: top ends wire clamp, it is for holding the top of above-mentioned many electric wires;Tail end wire clamp, It is for holding the afterbody of these many electric wires;Rotating mechanism, its be used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or Above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotates;And wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting above-mentioned top Portion's wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp interval each other and put on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires;
Top ends connecting gear, it for receiving the top of above-mentioned many electric wires from above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism Portion is also sent to the above-mentioned top ends wire clamp of said wires stranding device;And
Tail end connecting gear, it is for being sent to the stranded dress of said wires by the afterbody of above-mentioned many electric wires The above-mentioned tail end wire clamp put.
Twisting type cables manufacturing device the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that be also equipped with:
Supply wire length meter, it is located at said wires feed mechanism and for measuring in above-mentioned many electric wires The distance that is supplied to of every electric wire;
Pull-out wire length meter, it is for measuring the length that said wires is pulled out by above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism Degree;And
Wire length unusual determination mechanism, it is at each electric wire utilizing above-mentioned supply wire length measurement to measure Length produces each other in the case of specifying above difference or utilizes above-mentioned supply wire length measurement amount To each wire length and utilizing produce between the above-mentioned pull-out wire length length that measures of measurement regulation with On difference in the case of be judged as exception.
Twisting type cables manufacturing device the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that
Above-mentioned each wire length meter is individually to carry each electric wire for driving in said wires feed mechanism The tropometer of motor of donor rollers,
While making this motor be in free rotation state and utilize above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism pull-out electricity Line, measures the pull-out length of above-mentioned each electric wire.
11. twisting type cables manufacturing devices according to claim 8, it is characterised in that
This twisting type cables manufacturing device has: roller, and it is located at said wires feed mechanism, is used for clamping And carry each electric wire in above-mentioned many electric wires;And for controlling pressing of this roller pressing said wires The mechanism of pressure,
When carrying said wires, the driving of above-mentioned roller is utilized to make above-mentioned higher by pressure ratio,
It is in free rotation state making above-mentioned roller and utilizes above-mentioned top ends exhaustion mechanism to pull out above-mentioned electricity During line, make above-mentioned relatively low by pressure ratio in the range of this roller not and skids between electric wire.
12. twisting type cables manufacturing devices according to claim 8, it is characterised in that have:
Mobile working platform, it makes above-mentioned top ends connecting gear move up in wire length side;And
Be installed on this mobile working platform and for make the electric wire wire of above-mentioned top ends connecting gear be clipped in State the mechanism that side at a right angle, wire length direction moves up,
Caudal at above-mentioned mobile working platform has resinous buffer strip, and this resinous buffer strip is to quilt The downside extension of the electric wire process, carried, and in said wires length together with above-mentioned mobile working platform Side moves up.
13. twisting type cables manufacturing devices according to claim 8, it is characterised in that have:
Mobile working platform, it makes above-mentioned top ends connecting gear and above-mentioned top ends wire clamp in wire length Side moves up;And
Be installed on this mobile working platform and for make the electric wire wire of above-mentioned top ends connecting gear be clipped in State the mechanism that side at a right angle, wire length direction moves up.
14. 1 kinds of electric wire stranding devices, possess:
Top ends wire clamp, it is for holding the one end of many electric wires arranged side by side;
Tail end wire clamp, it is for holding the other end of these many electric wires;
Rotating mechanism, it is used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotate;And
Wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end line Press from both sides interval each other and put on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires,
It is characterized in that,
This electric wire stranding device be provided with for stop stranded in said wires vibration vibration block piece.
15. electric wire stranding devices according to claim 14, it is characterised in that
Above-mentioned vibration block piece is located at the vicinity of above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and the attached of above-mentioned tail end wire clamp Position closely and between two wire clamps.
16. 1 kinds of electric wire stranding devices, possess:
Top ends wire clamp, it is for holding the one end of many electric wires arranged side by side;
Tail end wire clamp, it is for holding the other end of these many electric wires;
Rotating mechanism, it is used for making above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp rotate;
Wire clamp interval, tension adjustment mechanism, it is used for adjusting above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end line Press from both sides interval each other and put on the tension force of above-mentioned many electric wires;And
Discharge tray, it loads above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp pine after electric wire is stranded Open and fall stranded after electric wire,
It is characterized in that,
Above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp, the above-mentioned rotating mechanism of this wire clamp and use In while this wire clamp being exerted a force while the above-mentioned wire clamp interval, the tension adjustment mechanism that make wire clamp move arrange and be The mode hung from the workbench of the top being arranged in above-mentioned discharge tray.
17. according to the electric wire stranding device according to any one of claim 1,14 or 16, and its feature exists In,
Above-mentioned wire clamp rotating mechanism has the wire clamp sheet of the end for holding said wires,
This wire clamp sheet has the main body of the right triangular shape that root side is broad and tip side is narrow.
18. 1 kinds of twisting type cables manufacturing devices, it is characterised in that
This twisting type cables manufacturing device possesses according to any one of claim 1,14,16 or 17 Electric wire stranding device.
19. 1 kinds of twisting type cable making methods,
Top ends wire clamp is utilized to clamp the one end i.e. top ends of many electric wires,
Tail end wire clamp is utilized to clamp the other end i.e. tail end of these many electric wires,
While adjusting above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and above-mentioned tail end wire clamp interval each other and applying In the tension force of said wires, above-mentioned top ends wire clamp and/or above-mentioned tail end wire clamp is made to rotate,
Many electric wires are carried out stranded and manufacture twisted conductor,
It is characterized in that,
Institute any one of claim 1,14,16 or 17 is used in this twisting type cable making method The electric wire stranding device stated.
20. 1 kinds of twisted conductor manufacture methods, comprise:
The operation of supply electric wire;
The top ends divesting the cover layer at the top of the electric wire of supply divests operation;
The top treatment process that end processes is implemented at top after divesting;
Electric wire after being processed by the end carrying out top is cut to the electric wire of random length and cuts off operation;
The tail end divesting the cover layer of the afterbody of the electric wire after cutting off divests operation;
Afterbody after divesting is implemented the trail processing operation that end processes;And
Two ends are implemented many electric wires after end processes and carry out stranded stranded operation,
It is characterized in that,
Institute any one of claim 4,8,11,12 or 13 is used in this twisted conductor manufacture method The twisting type cables manufacturing device stated.
CN201410240067.2A 2013-06-03 2014-05-30 Electric wire stranding device and method, twisting type cables manufacturing device and method Active CN104217823B (en)

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