CN104192735B - A kind of minor crane - Google PatentsA kind of minor crane Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN104192735B CN104192735B CN201410486829.7A CN201410486829A CN104192735B CN 104192735 B CN104192735 B CN 104192735B CN 201410486829 A CN201410486829 A CN 201410486829A CN 104192735 B CN104192735 B CN 104192735B
- Prior art keywords
- hoisting gear
- revolving dial
- minor crane
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- Expired - Fee Related
- 239000002965 rope Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 27
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- 238000009432 framing Methods 0.000 claims description 15
- 230000003287 optical Effects 0.000 claims description 8
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 claims description 6
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- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 claims description 2
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 claims 1
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 claims 1
- 239000000446 fuel Substances 0.000 abstract 1
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 description 6
- 239000011178 precast concrete Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000003466 welding Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000009825 accumulation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000003044 adaptive Effects 0.000 description 1
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- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000001429 stepping Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000004642 transportation engineering Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000002912 waste gas Substances 0.000 description 1
A kind of minor crane, formed by chassis, revolving dial, stand, arm and lowering or hoisting gear, between lowering or hoisting gear and revolving dial, be provided with guide rail, can move up and down, on lowering or hoisting gear, be provided with balancing weight and pedal, its top is connected with rope sheave, and on rope sheave, steel wire rope is walked around arm through pulley and is connected on hoisting heavy by rigging; Lowering or hoisting gear moves down by manpower effect pedal, and now hoisting heavy upwards rises. On lowering or hoisting gear, also have lockable mechanism and slow descending device, reliable to ensure minor crane. Simple structure of the present invention, unregulated power or fuel consumption, use cost is cheap, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The present invention belongs to crane technical field, particularly a kind of minor crane.
For saving resource, implement green construction, construction site temporary road and place are laid and are usually adopted a set patternThe precast concrete block of lattice, but these prefabricated sections with rated weight are transported to unloading and laying problem in place and be difficult to behind sceneSolve. If select the big-and-middle-sized hanging devices such as autocrane, less economical, machine-team takes high; If select a dead lift, workIntensity is large, and poor stability is wasted time and energy, and efficiency of construction is low; If adopt existing small-sized crane, its transmission and control system or adoptBy driven by power, or taking internal combustion engine as motive power, using hydraulic pump as secondary power, the former is the early stage electric power in job site on the one handSystem may also not be equipped with, and on the one hand because its mobility is strong, alternating current uses inconvenient, and uses direct current costHigh; The waste gas that latter is discharged and NOISE ON ENVIRONMENT and workmen work the mischief.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome that above-mentioned crane facility lifts and the defect of a dead lift, solve existing simultaneouslyHave small-sized crane not work and exhaust emission problem without electricity, provide a kind of lowering or hoisting gear can locking, simple in structure, costThe minor crane low, environmental suitability is strong. Technical problem solved by the invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of minor crane, by chassis, revolving dial, stand, arm with there is the lowering or hoisting gear group of a structural framingBecome, between lowering or hoisting gear and revolving dial, be provided with guide rail, be provided with balancing weight and pedal on lowering or hoisting gear, its top is connected with ropeWheel, one side connects spiral spring, and on rope sheave, steel wire rope is walked around arm through pulley and is connected on hoisting heavy by rigging; Lowering or hoisting gearWhile moving down by manpower effect pedal, hoisting heavy upwards rises; On lowering or hoisting gear, be also provided with lockable mechanism, locking machineStructure is made up of alignment pin, location-plate, and alignment pin is connected with pedal, and location-plate is arranged in structural framing; Lowering or hoisting gear is at manpowerWhile going downwards to lower end extreme position under effect, control pin pedal, alignment pin coordinates with locating hole under location-plate, lowering or hoisting gear lockOnly, now can handle crane hoisting heavy is carried out to horizontal shift; Lowering or hoisting gear is up to upper end under hoisting heavy effectWhen extreme position, control pin pedal, alignment pin coordinates with locating hole on location-plate, and lowering or hoisting gear locking is now hoisting heavyInitialization state.
Described guide rail is two parallel optical axis, and optical axis is located in structural framing, optical axis with connect firmly on revolving dial correspondingHole coordinate form moving sets.
Described balancing weight is placed on the structural framing of lowering or hoisting gear, and balancing weight is made up of polylith, upper and lower with lowering or hoisting gearMobile balancing weight quantity can increase and decrease, and the gross weight of lowering or hoisting gear can regulate according to the weight of hoisting heavy.
The top of lifting device structure framework, is provided with the slow descending device that weight declines, and slow descending device is by handle, biasTake turns, press part, gangbar, stage clip, brake block, brake wheel, gripper shoe composition, handle is fixedly connected on eccentric wheel, presses partBe connected with structural framing, compression spring sleeve is in gangbar, and gangbar front end is through pressing part and eccentric wheel is hinged, and gangbar tail end leads toCross the fixing brake block of bolt one end, the brake block other end is walked around brake wheel and is bolted in gripper shoe.
Described chassis is a planar metal framework, and four jiaos of framework are provided with road wheel, and what frame mid portion was installed returnsTurning supporting connects with revolving dial.
Described revolving dial is a planar metal framework, and bottom connects with pivoting support, top and lowering or hoisting gear connectionConnect, and connect with stand by pull bar. Described stand is bolted and connects with revolving dial, and spiral shell is passed through in arm and standBolt is fixedly connected. The connecting of stand and revolving dial, arm also can be by welding or rivet connection with connecting of stand.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: lowering or hoisting gear can locking, operation is light and handy, simple structure is time saving and energy saving, environmental protection jointCan, use cost is cheap, and lower to the requirement of ground, construction site, adaptive capacity to environment is strong.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of minor crane while slinging weight.
Fig. 2 is minor crane (rope sheave is following) left view.
Fig. 3 is minor crane (rope sheave is following) lifting location view.
Fig. 4 is minor crane underframe top view.
Fig. 5 is minor crane slow descending device partial enlarged view.
1. road wheel 2. chassis 3. lowering or hoisting gear 4. arm 5. stand 6. pull bar 7. revolving dial 8. riggings in figure9. hoisting heavy 10. pivoting supports
31. pedal 32. balancing weight 33. structural framing 34. gripper shoe 35. steel wire rope 36. pulley 37. holes 38.Optical axis 39. spiral spring 310. rope sheave 311. brake wheel 312. location-plate 313. alignment pin 314. handle 315. eccentric wheels316. press part 317. gangbar 318. stage clip 319. brake blocks
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the present invention is a kind of minor crane, by chassis 2, revolving dial 7, stand 5, arm 4 andLowering or hoisting gear 3 forms, and lowering or hoisting gear 3 has a structural framing 33, and the guide rail in structural framing 33 i.e. two parallel optical axises 38Coordinate and form moving sets with the corresponding hole 37 that connects firmly on revolving dial 7, can move up and down, on lowering or hoisting gear 3, be provided withBalancing weight 32 and pedal 31, its top is connected with rope sheave 310, and rope sheave 310 1 sides connect spiral spring 39, steel wire rope on rope sheave 31035 walk around arm 4 through pulley 36 is connected on hoisting heavy 9 by rigging 8.
Lockable mechanism on lowering or hoisting gear 3 is made up of alignment pin 313, location-plate 312, and alignment pin 313 connects with pedal 31Connect, location-plate 312 is arranged in structural framing 33.
The slow descending device on structural framing 33 tops by handle 314, eccentric wheel 315, press part 316, gangbar 317, stage clip318, brake block 319, brake wheel 311, gripper shoe 34 form, and handle 314 is fixedly connected on eccentric wheel 315, and stage clip 318 is enclosed withinIn gangbar 317, gangbar 317 front ends are hinged with eccentric wheel 315 through pressing part 316, and gangbar 317 tail ends are consolidated by boltDetermine brake block 319 one end, brake block 319 other ends are walked around brake wheel 311 and are bolted in gripper shoe 34.
Chassis 2 is planar metal frameworks, and Qi Sijiao is provided with road wheel 1, the pivoting support 10 that frame mid portion is installedConnect with revolving dial 7. Revolving dial 7 is also a planar metal framework, and bottom connects with pivoting support 10, top and liftingDevice connects, and connects with stand 5 by pull bar 6. Stand 5 is bolted and connects with revolving dial 7, arm 4 and stand 5Be bolted connection, connecting mode also can be welding or riveted joint.
Regulate balancing weight 32 quantity that move up and down according to the weight of hoisting heavy 9, manipulation of small crane handle 314,Eccentric wheel 315 makes gangbar 317 to being moved horizontally to range near brake wheel 311 1 sides, presses part 316 and gangbar317 afterbody spacing increase, and stage clip 318 is released energy, the brake block 319 releasing of brakes wheels 311 that gangbar 317 afterbodys connect, spiral spring 39Release and can drive rope sheave 310, brake wheel 311 together to rotate, rope sheave 310 is put rope, and another operator catches rigging 8 to be pulled down to suitable positionPut and be fixed on hoisting heavy 9, control crank 314 completes rope closing action clockwise, and now spiral spring 39 and stage clip 318 accumulation of energys, stopCar sheet 319 is held brake wheel 311 tightly, and rope sheave 310 is braked.
Step in high-order pedal 31, the lockable mechanism alignment pin 313 being connected is with it from being arranged in structural framing 33Location-plate 312 on locating hole deviate from, utilize the gravitational difference of manpower and balancing weight 32 and hoisting heavy 9, balancing weight 32 moves down, steelSilk rope 35 promotes hoisting heavy 9, and lowering or hoisting gear 3 unclamps pedal 31 go downwards to lower end extreme position under manpower effect time, fixedPosition pin 313 inserts in the lower locating hole of location-plate 312, and now lowering or hoisting gear 3 lockings, can handle crane hoisting heavy 9 is enteredRow horizontal shift.
The pedal 31 of gently stepping in low level is deviate from alignment pin 313 locating hole from location-plate 312, hoisting heavy 9Move down, when lowering or hoisting gear 3 is up to upper end extreme position under hoisting heavy 9 effect, unclamp pedal 31, alignment pin 313 withOn location-plate 312, locating hole coordinates, lowering or hoisting gear 3 lockings.
Control crank 314, makes eccentric wheel 315 control the slow releasing of brake wheel 311 of brake block 319, acts at hoisting heavy 9Lower rope sheave 310 is slowly put rope, after hoisting heavy 9 is in place, unclamps rigging 8, and spiral spring 39 is released can the rotational automatic rope closing that completes of rope sheave 310When action, joystick 314 makes brake block 319 hold brake wheel 311 tightly, and guarantee rigging 8 can not deviate from from pulley, and this is oneWorking cycles.
The present invention is applicable to construction temporary road or the on-the-spot precast concrete block of laying, and not affected by construction environment,Use manpower and material resources sparingly, the present invention also can be used for other and need to carry out the occasion of weight hoisting transportation.
1. a minor crane, is made up of chassis, revolving dial, stand, arm and the lowering or hoisting gear by a structural framing;Between lowering or hoisting gear and revolving dial, be provided with guide rail; On lowering or hoisting gear, be provided with balancing weight and pedal, its top is connected with rope sheave,On rope sheave, steel wire rope is walked around arm through pulley and is connected hoisting heavy by rigging, and lowering or hoisting gear is downward by manpower effect pedalWhen mobile, hoisting heavy upwards rises, and it is characterized in that: on lowering or hoisting gear, be also provided with lockable mechanism, lockable mechanism by alignment pin,Location-plate composition, alignment pin is connected with described pedal, and location-plate is arranged in described structural framing; Lowering or hoisting gear is in manpower effectUnder while going downwards to lower end extreme position, control pin pedal, alignment pin coordinates with locating hole under location-plate, lowering or hoisting gear locking, thisIn time, is handled crane hoisting heavy is carried out to horizontal shift; Lowering or hoisting gear is up to upper end extreme position under hoisting heavy effectTime, control pin pedal, alignment pin coordinates with locating hole on location-plate, and lowering or hoisting gear locking is now the initial work of hoisting heavyMake state.
2. minor crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the top of described lifting device structure framework arrangesHave weight decline slow descending device, this slow descending device by handle, eccentric wheel, press part, gangbar, stage clip, brake block, brakeWheel, gripper shoe composition, handle is fixedly connected on eccentric wheel, presses part and is connected with structural framing, and compression spring sleeve, in gangbar, joinsLever front end is through pressing part and eccentric wheel is hinged, and gangbar tail end is bolted brake block one end, the brake block other endWalking around brake wheel is bolted in gripper shoe.
3. minor crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described guide rail is two parallel optical axis, and optical axis is establishedIn described structural framing, optical axis with connect firmly on described revolving dial corresponding hole and coordinate formation moving sets.
4. minor crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described chassis is a planar metal framework, frameFour jiaos of frame are provided with road wheel, and the pivoting support that frame mid portion is installed connects with described revolving dial.
5. minor crane according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described revolving dial is a planar metal frameFrame, bottom connects with described pivoting support, and top connects with described lowering or hoisting gear, and connects with described stand by pull bar.
6. minor crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rope sheave one side connects spiral spring.
7. minor crane according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described balancing weight is placed on described lowering or hoisting gearOn structural framing, this balancing weight is made up of polylith.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410486829.7A CN104192735B (en)||2014-09-22||2014-09-22||A kind of minor crane|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201410486829.7A CN104192735B (en)||2014-09-22||2014-09-22||A kind of minor crane|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN104192735A CN104192735A (en)||2014-12-10|
|CN104192735B true CN104192735B (en)||2016-05-25|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201410486829.7A Expired - Fee Related CN104192735B (en)||2014-09-22||2014-09-22||A kind of minor crane|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN104192735B (en)|
Families Citing this family (5)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN106115519A (en) *||2016-08-01||2016-11-16||山东省农业机械科学研究院||Agricultural grain lifting machine|
|CN106495019A (en) *||2016-11-13||2017-03-15||无锡晟欧船舶设备有限公司||A kind of sustainable mobile rubbish hangs|
|CN107651580A (en) *||2017-09-19||2018-02-02||惠安县晶鹰建材有限责任公司||Self-action carries construction material device|
|JP7143993B2 (en) *||2017-10-12||2022-09-29||株式会社関電工||Work tool support device|
|CN112205163A (en) *||2020-11-21||2021-01-12||杨志峰||Ware is picked to impact type oil tea fruit|
Family Cites Families (5)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|FR2469376B3 (en) *||1979-11-15||1982-08-27||Tractel Sa|
|JP2884023B2 (en) *||1991-06-04||1999-04-19||株式会社をくだ屋技研||Trolley crane|
|CN1041507C (en) *||1994-12-28||1999-01-06||王绍清||Universal miniature dual-purpose hanging and lifting crane|
|CN2701836Y (en) *||2004-04-22||2005-05-25||河北理工学院||Multifunctional vehicle for machine tool work-handling, freight hoisting and materials handling|
|CN201923797U (en) *||2011-02-22||2011-08-10||王绍清||Miniature battery crane|
- 2014-09-22 CN CN201410486829.7A patent/CN104192735B/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
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|C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|SE01||Entry into force of request for substantive examination|
|C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20160525
Termination date: 20190922