CN104178906B - Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with a base-frame having a reduced size - Google Patents

Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with a base-frame having a reduced size Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104178906B
CN104178906B CN201310470706.XA CN201310470706A CN104178906B CN 104178906 B CN104178906 B CN 104178906B CN 201310470706 A CN201310470706 A CN 201310470706A CN 104178906 B CN104178906 B CN 104178906B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
circular knitting
knitting
fore
fabric
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310470706.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104178906A (en
Inventor
T·洛纳蒂
E·洛纳蒂
F·洛纳蒂
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Santoni SpA
Original Assignee
Santoni SpA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IT000076A priority Critical patent/ITBS20130076A1/en
Priority to ITBS2013A000076 priority
Application filed by Santoni SpA filed Critical Santoni SpA
Publication of CN104178906A publication Critical patent/CN104178906A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104178906B publication Critical patent/CN104178906B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B15/00Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, weft knitting machines, restricted to machines of this kind
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B15/00Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, weft knitting machines, restricted to machines of this kind
    • D04B15/88Take-up or draw-off devices for knitting products
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B35/00Details of, or auxiliary devices incorporated in, knitting machines, not otherwise provided for
    • D04B35/34Devices for cutting knitted fabrics

Abstract

A circular knitting machine for knitwear (1), of an open type and configured for producing fabric (T) and collecting it in an open configuration, i.e. in a single layer, the machine comprising a base frame (2) constituting the bearing structure of the machine, and a knitting head (H) mounted to the base frame (2) and provided with at least a needle-bearing organ (0), being in a form of a needle cylinder or a needle plate, with a plurality of needles movably mounted to the needle- bearing organ, and with command means for selectively activating the plurality of needles for enabling production of a fabric. The base frame (2) comprises a support upper ring or element (3), on which the knitting head is mounted such that the needle-bearing organ can rotate about a substantially-vertical central axis (A), a lower base, or cross-base (4), destined to be at least partially rested on the ground, and two and only two support legs (5, 6) interposed between, and connecting the upper ring (3) and the lower base (4), such that said upper ring is vertically superposed on, and distanced from, said lower base, and such that between them a collecting space (S) is vertically defined, free of elements of the base frame. The collecting space is destined to movably house a take-down and/or collecting group of the fabric produced by the knitting machine. The two legs (5, 6) are arranged at two respective sides of said upper ring and of the lower base, or cross-base, in such a way as to laterally delimit the collecting space (S).

Description

The open type knitting circular knitting machine for knitwear with reduced size of pedestal
Technical field
The present invention relates to be used for the knitting circular knitting machine of knitwear, the knitting circular knitting machine is considered as " opening " type and has Reduced size of pedestal(base-frame).In more detail, the present invention relates to be used for the pedestal of open type knitting circular knitting machine.Enter one Step ground, the present invention relates to open type knitting circular knitting machine, open type knitting circular knitting machine has the detachable and/or collection group of fabric (take-down and/or collecting group), wherein the fabric is by the production of machinery.The invention further relates to Specify the detachable and/or collection group being installed in open type knitting circular knitting machine.Additionally, the present invention relates to being used for open type pin Knit the tension roller in the detachable and/or collection group of circular knitting machine(tensioning roller).
The present invention relates to be used for the weaving circular knitting machine technical field of textile, the weaving circular knitting machine for textile belongs to this The type of " opening " is known as in field.This type includes being equipped with least one needle bearing element(needle- bearing organ), motion for controlling pin cam device and(Especially)The knitting circular knitting of detachable and collection group Machine, wherein the knitting circular knitting function of the detachable and collection group is collected by the woven of production of machinery(Particularly by by its The woven produced on roller).By cutting open and outwardly open(open out)Tubing(As in most feelings Under condition, machine continuously produces tubing), it is possible to obtain from needle bearing element and by detachable and collect The woven that group is collected, or used as replacing, woven " can be opened ground " and is directly produced, i.e., as single pantostrat Fabric(With the width for determining).In other words, by parallel to being produced or outwardly opened from machine The direction that is longitudinally formed of woven continuously cut open(This is referred to as term " opening ", for recognizing the type of machine), Detachable and collection group collects woven(By by it on roller)And non-cylindrical into tubing(Individual layer is knitted Thing has the continuous band-shaped structure of specific width and can obtain woven by outwardly opening tubular structure).
Open type knitting machine can include the group only collected sometimes, i.e. the group lacks removable unloading functions.This for for example that A little machines that dismounting is directly performed at the needle-bar of multiple pins are real;In this case, produced by needle bearing element Fabric drop in collection group, the collection group generally pass through winder(winder)By fabric wrapping on roller.In a word, Open type machine may be defined as knitting circular knitting machine, in knitting circular knitting machine, the fabric " being opened ground " of production(I.e. with individual layer shape Formula)Collect and be wound onto on collection roller.
In all fields, knitting circular knitting machine of the invention can be single needle bed-type(With single syringe)Or crosspointer bed-type (With a syringe and a dials).
The claim of the present invention(Refer to " open type " knitting machine)Clearly determine and have above-described opening special The knitting machine of the machine levied(These features determine and limit this type with understanding and have a clear meaning in reference to field), and it is right Become apparent in expert in the art.Therefore, should be according to the data related to reference technique field correctly power of interpretation Term used in profit requirement.Especially, the feature of open type machine of the invention is in existing many type machines It is understood to clear and definite technical characteristic, the clear and definite technical characteristic is construed as limiting and is not construed as only the one of knitting machine Individual example, also includes other technical characteristics illustrated in claim on knitting machine.
Background technology
In for the knitting machine field of knitwear, " opening " type knitting circular knitting machine is known.These machines have special The pedestal of door, pedestal constitutes the load-carrying members of machine and for supporting and accommodating all of machine part, especially knitting head (knitting head)(Including the control member of needle bearing element, multiple pins and pin)With detachable and collection group.Pedestal is also Machine can be rested on securely the job site specified.
Open type machine generally has needle bearing element(That is syringe or dials), the diameter of needle bearing element is about 30-40 inches, but there are other less examples of diameter(Such as 24 inches).Have more than the knitting machine of 40 inch diameters excessive Size, it is difficult to realize and shift.
As described above, open type knitting circular knitting machine generally produces tubing, and tubing by cutter by means of being performed It is longitudinally cutting be opened, be then opened and be unfolded outwards, so as to by individual layer wound on collect roller on.As a result, quilt Collect the lateral dimension of the open type fabric on roller(Below cylinder)Relative to " pressing " uncut tubular products(I.e. It is the two-layer fabrics to be formed in combination at both sides of closure)Due diameter is doubled.Fabric is opened so as to cause cylinder Lower section(Accommodate the region of detachable and/or collection group)The size of machine is dramatically increased.The region must not have that can hinder can The structural detail of the structure and motion of dismounting and/or collection group, detachable and/or collection group forms the size of needs to collect It is unfolded the open type fabric of its whole width.Thus the following fact is obtained:The pedestal tool of the open type knitting machine of known type There is significant size.
The open type knitting circular knitting machine for belonging to prior art all has three leg pedestals, and three leg pedestals are circumferentially disposed at Support around detachable and/or collection group and preferably the support ring for being provided with knitting head and syringe thereon.This three legs lead to It is often equal angular(I.e. they are presented each other hexagonal angle degree).Generally, wherein of three legs constitutes main leg, main leg relative to Other two " side " legs are bigger and for accommodating the control member of machine.In view of the very heavy weight of structure, big size and deposit Operating in element, this base structure can securely support whole machine.Known structure is designed to prevent machine Overturn and limit seismism.
Three leg base structures of known type have a series of shortcomings.First, it is therefore clear that three legs that are circular layout cause Machine is in width and length(Knitting machine two dimensional directions perpendicular to one another are considered in plan view)Upper big size.It is logical Often, the length of machine is defined as the axis through main leg along the collection roller of fabric, and wide is defined as two side legs Maximum is extended laterally.Generally, the size of machine can be represented graphically as a rectangle, and the rectangle has and carries above The length for arriving and width, and the size of machine is the dimension of three legs and the function of arrangement;The structure of known pedestal has big length Wide size.
The big weight of the pedestal of existing machine is a difficult problem for a highly significant in open type knitting machine field, because for real The largest contours of existing machine are limited to easily being realized with moderate cost and by means of standard carriers(And non-special fortune It is defeated)Machine is set to be transportable.In more detail, for cargo transport, there is strict standard, i.e., do not allow more than long and wide Concrete size.These standards and means of transport(Such as lorry, train and truck)Size and the container for cargo transport Size is associated, especially the width of these containers and instrument(Typically not greater than 230-240cm).
Therefore, in the machine of the known type for there are three leg pedestals, it is caught to implement this without departing from these requirements for limiting Class machine becomes difficult, this is because the width of the fabric being collected even is gone back corresponding to the size of detachable and/or collection group The external dimensions for accommodating the pedestal of the detachable and/or collection group is exceeded well over, and these machines can be produced to have and exceeded The width of specific restriction.This is extremely disadvantageous, because be desirable to produce simultaneously " open ground " and collect having even more big width The fabric of degree.
Known machine(Because three legs of pedestal are constructed)Further drawback be not accessible knitting head and needle bearing Element.This causes the reducing of the productivity of machine, because the structure makes operator be difficult to intervene, for example, online or pin is damaged In the case of intervened.Similarly, due to pedestal leg presence, the installation of machine element and safeguard may not only time length but also It is highly difficult.
In order to overcome the shortcoming caused by three leg pedestals, applicant to have been achieved with open type knitting circular knitting machine, this dozen in the past Open form knitting circular knitting machine have non-constant angle is distributed with therebetween(It is not 120 °)Three leg pedestals.In the solution, Every leg in two side legs and main leg(Longitudinal axis along this machine is arranged)It is respectively formed the angle more than 120 °(For example 135°), and angle is less than 120 ° between two side legs(Such as 90 °).In other words, this just looks like that two side legs are revolved backward Turn, so as to reduce angle folded between them.In this way it is possible to the width of machine is reduced to into limited value and Increase length simultaneously.It is tolerant to length because transportation clearance is mainly limited to width, therefore this is favourable, this is Because the increase of length itself does not constitute problem.
Describe to attempt another known solution for solving three leg dimensional problems in patent EP1253230.The patent Three leg pedestals are elaborated, wherein there is a fixed main leg(Longitudinal axis along machine is arranged)With relative to longitudinal axis Two symmetrical side legs, the three legs pedestal can transport configuration and active configuration between convert.Side leg can change it Radially extend(Relative to the central axial line of machine), so as to the close central branches pushing out ring in transport configuration(So as to have more Undersized width)And central branches pushing out ring considerably away from active configuration.By means of a pair of water for every side leg Flat bar(rod)(Or a pair " extensible thing "), thus it is possible to vary radially extend, when the side leg is in active configuration, this is right Horizon bar(Or this is to " extensible thing ")The top and bottom of every leg are connected to into supporting leg and the bottom of pedestal is connected to;When During transport configuration, this is removed the side leg to horizon bar(By the way that side leg to be mounted directly to into support ring and pedestal Bottom).Note, in active configuration, the side leg of central branches pushing out ring(Obtained by means of extensible thing)Radial distance A free space can be provided below cylinder, the free space can accommodate and run detachable and collection group;Machine uses this side Method can be operated correctly.Conversely, transport configuration can be only used for following purpose:Side walls are actually installed close to cylinder Position(To reduce wide size and to be conducive to transport)And in occupation of the rotation for being specified for detachable and gathering element Space.
However, it is found by the applicant that for the modified pedestal of open type knitting machine(That is, leg is arranged to non-constant angle Or with such as the dismountable leg described in patent No. EP1253230)These shortcomings and can be with various can not completely be overcome Mode is improved.Specifically, it is known that solution be only capable of partly limiting the width dimensions of open type knitting machine;This meaning And still there is relevant transportation problem.Further, with asking that not accessible knitting head and needle bearing element are associated Topic(For the quick basic principle intervened on machine)Only it is eased rather than solves.
Further,(Pedestal particularly described in patent No. EP1253230)The solution of offer have be difficult to reality Existing structure, and/or to for transporting and the machine that runs is carried out configuring and needs complicated operation.
Open type knitting circular knitting machine generally includes a device(It is known in the art as detachable and collection group), the device exists The fabric produced by knitting machine is collected with mono-layer fashion on collecting layer.Detachable and collection group can be further utilized to " expansion " From the fabric of needle bearing element, the decline of the fabric is ensured when fabric is produced at the position of pin;In some machines In, the dismounting of fabric is occurred exactly near the position of needle bearing element, and described group is only used for collecting fabric(It is tightened up 's).
In production tubing(Do not produce by the fabric of direct " outwardly opening ")Open type machine in, detachably And/or collection group includes cutter elements, cutter elements can be longitudinally cut open by needle bearing unit according to the mode for making fabric " opening " The tubing of part production, therefore can be by fabric monolayers on collection roller.
Detachable and collection group can include other elements, for example:The pressing component of tubing, for open cut open Fabric outwardly open component, for make fabric on its path towards collect roller(collecting roller)It is controlled The traction roller of advance(traction roller), transmission device(actuator)And the lockout member of each member motion.
Detachable and collection group is generally mounted to machine and in the lower section of needle bearing element(Specially it is being assigned to this In the collection space of group), and can securely rotate with needle bearing element, to follow the production of fabric and with roll (roll)Mode or superimposed fold layer mode collecting fabric.Patent document EP 0456576, EP 0696658 and WO The example of the detachable and collection group for open type knitting machine is elaborated in 00/50678.In more detail, detachable and collection Group has framework, and the framework supports described group of all of element and is arranged the lower section of knitting head in the machine.Whole frame Frame rotates securely with needle bearing element, and by supporting member(For example include bearing)Further rest under machine Bottom, supporting member bears weight and while is possibly realized rotation;In order that whole framework rotation, can in the supporting member gone to the bottom With quilt(For example by motor)Activation.
It is found by the applicant that the open type knitting machine of known type(The especially detachable and collection group of these machines)Have Shortcoming, but can be to be improved in many ways.First, it is known that detachable group show weight and big size.Enter one Step ground, especially because needing the whole load for supporting the detachable and collection group in rotation status and needing relative to needle roller axle Holding element makes motion synchronization, and detachable group is inserted in machine needs connection and the moving link of complexity and costliness.
When open type knitting machine is considered, these problems can increase, and open type knitting machine generally has large-sized needle roller Bearing element, large-sized needle bearing element needs equally very big complicated detachable and collection group.
The detachable and collection group of known type generally internally has at least one spreader roller(stretcher roller)Or roller is tensed, at least one spreader roller or tension roller intercept fabric, and quilt in the upstream for collecting roller It is configured to be gradually opened fabric in the width of fabric so that fabric is opened and opened up on its whole width with its maximum The degree opened is reached collects roller.Elaborate that there is the exhibition of this purpose in patent document EP 0534917 and WO 00/50678 Open the example of device roller:Roller has two slotted parts, and the two slotted parts are contrary towards roller two ends from central authorities Direction spirally extend.
However, it is found by the applicant that known spreader roller has some restrictions and shortcoming.
Further, it is known that the spreader roller of type can not effectively make fabric complete before fabric is reached and collects roller Site preparation is outwards launched;This causes the fabric piled up on roller is collected to have fold, folding line and/or undesirable overlap, or needs Adjust the operation bidirectional for collecting the fabric on roller;Wherein this accumulation can damage fabric and reduce the quality of fabric, make It is follow-up to complete or packaging operation or the action on fabric become complicated.
Further, it is known that the spreader roller of type can neither make the material object and size quilt of the expansion performed on fabric Modification;The expansion journey being set towards roller end can not be distinguished in the different piece of the fabric through spreader roller Degree.
Moreover it is known that being that complex structure and manufacture and maintenance cost are high the characteristics of the spreader roller of type.
Further, because it is known that spreader roller limit fabric side launch efficiency, so, they affect The performance of whole detachable and collection group;This generally needs to use multiple spreader rollers or large scale spreader roller, knot Fruit increases the complexity and/or size and/or cost for realizing detachable and collection group.
Restriction to the spreader roller performance of known type causes whole size and collection group to launch fabric peripheral edges Efficiency reduce, external margin is easy to roll itself in longitudinal direction or wind itself, and on every side, formation is as a cigarette The volume of shape.
Applicant further found that, in known detachable and collection group, from needle bearing element to collection roller with knit The multiple element of thing cooperation(Outwardly open component, spreader roller, tense roller and traction roller)According to not being optimal Mode is mutually arranged so that on fabric(Especially on the volume at fabric side edge)Generation is not lined up and/or folding line, and Collect and cause uneven winding on roller.
The content of the invention
In this case, in many aspects and/or embodiments of the invention, it is an object of the invention to provide being used for pin The open type knitting circular knitting machine of fabric, the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine and for knitting circular knitting Detachable and/or collection group the spreader roller of machine, they can eliminate one or more shortcomings mentioned above.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, is characterized in having relative to known solution Smaller szie(Especially less width)Pedestal.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, the open type knitting circular knitting function is by easily Transport.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, the open type knitting circular knitting function is realized and received Collection width is larger(The especially greater than available Breadth Maximum of known machine)The open type knitting circular knitting machine of open type fabric, together The possibility that Shi Baoyou is transported using standard type means of transportation.
Another object of the present invention is to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, is characterized in being very easy to Jie Jin knitting head and pin Cylinder.
Another object of the present invention is to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, is characterized in relative to known machine with bigger Productivity.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the open type knitting circular knitting machine for knitwear, is characterized in advantages of simple Structure.
Another object of the present invention is to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, is characterized in having manufacture and/or installs and/or set The fabulous ability put and/or safeguard.
Another object of the present invention is to provide open type knitting circular knitting machine, and it is equipped with detachable and/or collection group and it is special Point is the structure with advantages of simple.
Another object of the present invention is to provide open type for the open type knitting circular knitting machine of knitwear, knitting in the open type In circular knitting machine, detachable and/or collection group is supported and is arranged on effective rotation status.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the open type knitting circular knitting machine for knitwear, in the open type knitting circular knitting machine In, detachable and/or collection group is rotatably installed in an innovative way in the machine.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine, described removable Unload and/or collection group can be prevented from being formed in the fabric collected and do not lined up and/or folding line, can particularly prevent the side of fabric side Edge is rolled.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine, described removable Unload and/or collection group with can realizing fabric uniform ground wound on collect roller on.
Another object of the present invention is to provide detachable and/or collection group tension sieve for open type knitting circular knitting machine Draw, fabric can effectively be opened and launched to the tension roller.
Another object of the present invention is to provide detachable and/or collection group expansion sieve for open type knitting circular knitting machine Draw, the expansion roller can reduce the space required for detachable and/or collection group inside, to be wound onto collection in fabric Effective expansion of fabric was performed before on roller.
Another object of the present invention is to provide detachable and/or collection group spreader sieve for open type knitting circular knitting machine Draw, the spreader roller is common to and is suitable for the fabric of various fabrics requirement and different type and size.
Another object of the present invention is to provide detachable and/or collection group tension sieve for open type knitting circular knitting machine Draw, the tension roller is simple to manufacture and/or economical.
These purposes and other side(Will become more fully apparent during being described below)Will be according to one or more The claim enclosed(Each claim takes independence(Without related dependence)Or arbitrarily tie with other claims The mode of conjunction)And according to aspect hereafter and/or embodiment(Combine in many aspects, including right mentioned above will Ask), by for the open type knitting circular knitting machine of knitwear, the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine, Generally realize with detachable and/or collection group the spreader roller for open type knitting circular knitting machine.
In the first aspect, the present invention relates to open type knitting circular knitting machine, the open type knitting circular knitting machine is configured to Produce fabric and open ground(I.e. with mono-layer fashion)Collect fabric.
In an aspect, knitting machine includes the pedestal of the load-carrying members for constituting machine.
In an aspect, knitting machine includes knitting head, knitting head be installed to the pedestal and with syringe or At least one needle bearing element of dials form, it is removably mounted to the multiple of at least one needle bearing element Pin and for optionally activating the plurality of pin to produce the control member of fabric.
In an aspect, the pedestal includes:
- supporting top loop or element, the knitting head to be mounted on so that the needle bearing element can enclose Rotate around substantially upright central axial line;
- go to the bottom or intersect bottom, for being laid at least in part on ground;
- two and only two supporting legs, two different and the position at side interval at be placed in the top loop with It is described go to the bottom between and be connected with both so that the top loop be vertically superimposed upon it is described go to the bottom it is upper and with interval one Set a distance, due to vertically defining collection space between them, the space does not have the element of the pedestal, and the space For being removably received by the detachable and/or collection group of the fabric produced by knitting machine, the two legs are according to side Ground delimited the mode of the collection space boundary and be arranged to and the top loop and the two side phases gone to the bottom or intersect bottom Correspondence.
In an aspect, needle bearing element(Preferably, needle bearing cylinder)With 24 inches of larger diameter(With/ Or the larger diameter more than 26 inches, and/or the larger diameter more than 30 inches, and/or the larger diameter more than 36 inches, And/or the larger diameter more than 40 inches).
In its another independent aspect, the present invention relates to be used for the open type knitting circular knitting machine of knitwear, the open type Knitting circular knitting machine is arranged to produce fabric and open it ground(I.e. with mono-layer fashion)It is collected, the machine includes:
- pedestal, pedestal constitute machine load-carrying members and including:Support top loop or element, go to the bottom or intersect bottom and At least two supporting legs, at least two supporting legs are placed in the top at least two different and side interval positions Ring and it is described go to the bottom between and be connected with both so that the top loop be vertically superimposed upon it is described go to the bottom it is upper and with therebetween At a certain distance, due to vertically defining collection space between them, the space does not have the element of the pedestal, and should Space is used for being removably received by the detachable and/or collection group of the fabric produced by knitting machine;
- knitting head, knitting head may be mounted to the top loop and have:At least one rotation of syringe or dials form Turn needle bearing element, be removably mounted to multiple pins of at least one needle bearing element and for selecting Activate to selecting property the plurality of pin to produce the control member of fabric;
- detachable and/or collection group, detachable and/or collection group is movably received within the collection space, quilt It is configured to and is at least pre-configured open and launch(Or possibly even from needle bearing element tension)Given birth to by machine The fabric of product, is continuously collected it on roller with mono-layer fashion wound at least one.
In an aspect, advantageously according to aforesaid aspect, whole detachable and/or collection group is rotatably hung Be installed to the pedestal or the needle bearing element, vertically to be hung over the collection space in.
In an aspect, needle bearing element is needle bearing cylinder or needle bearing disk.
In an aspect, knitting machine is the single needle bed-type for including single needle bearing element, or including two needle roller axles Hold element(That is, one is syringe and another is dials)Crosspointer bed-type.
In another independent aspect, the present invention relates to be used for the detachable of the knitting circular knitting machine of open type knitwear and/ Collection group spreader roller or tense roller, spreader roller or tense roller be arranged to produce fabric and open In configuration(I.e. in monolayer fashion)Fabric is collected, spreader roller is installed to the frame of detachable and/or collection group, and locates Needle bearing element in knitting machine and the centre position collected between roller for fabric, are also arranged to spreader roller Longitudinal axis be substantially parallel to collect roller rotation axis.
In an aspect, spreader roller is configured to mutual with towards the fabric for collecting roller advance as follows Effect:Fabric passes through at least a portion of spreader roller, around spreader roller and be in contact with it.Spreader roller Two relative sides being also configured to towards spreader roller launch to fabric.
In an aspect, spreader roller includes a bar and multiple sections, the bar may be mounted to frame and show it is right The longitudinal axis answered, multiple sections are rotatably mounted to the bar to revolve on the bar around corresponding rotation axis Turn, wherein each section is independently of other sections.
In an aspect, each section is put down relative to the longitudinal axis of the bar of spreader roller in corresponding inclined extension On face laterally(And non-vertically)Stretch.
In an aspect, each section of respective rotation axis is perpendicular to respective extension plane.
In another independent aspect, the present invention relates to it is used for the detachable and/or collection group of open type knitting circular knitting machine, The detachable and/or collection group is configured to produce fabric and open ground(I.e. with mono-layer fashion)Fabric is collected, detachably And/or collection group is movably received within the collection space of knitting machine, it is configured and is at least pre-configured with to open And launch fabric(The fabric produced by needle bearing element may be pulled from the needle bearing element of knitting machine), and with individual layer side Formula and continuously by the fabric wrapping at least one collect roller on.
In an aspect, detachable and/or collection group includes carriage, and the carriage may be mounted to the bottom of knitting machine And be configured to as needle bearing element rotates securely together.
In another aspect, detachable and/or collection group includes the component for outwardly opening fabric, and fabric is with individual layer side Formula obtains fabric directly from needle bearing element, or by cutting open the tubing produced by needle bearing element, outwards Opening members include at least one rod for outwardly opening, the rod for outwardly opening(Preferably, regularly)It is installed to frame and by structure Make as to be outwardly opened by being gradually distance from two lateral edges for making fabric, fabric is through rod, the fabric court for outwardly opening Fall to entering in collection space and extend on rod is outwardly opened in the form of woven its width to roller is collected.
In an aspect, detachable and/or collection group includes that at least one collects roller, and at least one collects roller quilt It is rotatably mounted to frame, and for receiving fabric and continuously collecting with mono-layer fashion and thereon from outwardly opening component Fabric, collecting roller can rotate around corresponding rotation axis.
In an aspect, detachable and/or collection group includes that at least one returns roller, and return roller is before fabric Inbound path be operatively placed in the fabric of opening outwardly open component and collect roller between, return roller be configured to Outer opening members receive fabric and convey the fabric towards roller is collected with mono-layer fashion, and returning roller can be around corresponding Rotation axis rotates.
In an aspect, detachable and/or collection group includes at least one spreader roller or tenses roller, spreader Roller or tense roller be installed to frame, positioned at outwardly open component and collect roller between operatively in the middle of position, and And the longitudinal axis of spreader roller be configured to substantially parallel to collect roller rotation, spreader roller be configured to Following manner interacts with the fabric advanced towards collection roller:Fabric is launched into flat so that the fabric is towards expansion Two sides of device roller broaden.
In an aspect, return roller and there is the corresponding rotation axis for being located at the first perpendicular, collect roller tool There is the corresponding rotation positioned at the second perpendicular, tense roller and there is the longitudinal axis for being located at the 3rd perpendicular.
In an aspect, at least one tension roller is placed in as follows in detachable and/or collection group:3rd The distance between plane and first plane are at least equal to the distance between the second plane and first plane, and the second plane and the 3rd Plane is located at by the identical half space of the first planes bound.
It is mentioned above the present invention each aspect can individually be adopted, with any one claim or other retouch The aspect stated is combined and adopted.
Description of the drawings
Further feature and advantage will be more fully illustrated in detailed description with some embodiments, it is preferred at these Shown by non-exclusive example in embodiment:Knitting circular knitting machine, root for " opening " type knitwear of the invention According to the present invention for the detachable and/or collection group of open type knitting circular knitting machine and of the invention for open type pin Knit detachable and/or collection group the spreader roller of circular knitting machine.Hereafter will now be described with reference to the accompanying figures, and only by unrestricted Property example provide accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the possible embodiment of the knitting circular knitting machine for open type knitwear of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view from the top of the machine of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the side view of the machine of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the exploded view of the machine of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the stereogram of the machine of Fig. 1, including the closing cage in closed configuration;
Fig. 6 illustrates the another stereogram of machine of Fig. 5, wherein, the cage of machine side is installed in opening configuration;
It is possible that Fig. 7 illustrates the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine of the invention The stereogram of embodiment, for example, including the fabric collected by knitting production and by the group;
Fig. 8 is the top view from the top of the group of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the front view of the group of Fig. 7;
Figure 10 is the side view of the group of Fig. 7;
Figure 11 be cut open along plane XI-XI and the group of Fig. 7 that some parts are removed view in transverse section;
Figure 12 is the exploded perspective view of the group of Fig. 7;
Figure 13 is that the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine of the invention from the side can The schematic diagram of the embodiment of energy;
Figure 14 is the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine of the invention from the side The schematic diagram of another embodiment;
Figure 15 is that detachable and/or collection group the spreader roller for open type knitting machine of the invention may Embodiment stereogram;
Figure 15 a are the front views of the greater proportion that a part of Figure 15 tenses roller;
Figure 16 is the stereogram of the another possible embodiment of open type knitting circular knitting machine of the present invention, including detachable And/or collection group;
Figure 17 is the stereogram from terms of the bottom of the open type knitting machine of Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the stereogram of the greater proportion of the knitting circular knitting machine details of Figure 16;
Figure 19 is the stereogram from terms of the bottom of the another possible embodiment of open type knitting circular knitting machine of the invention, Including detachable and/or collection group another embodiment;
Figure 20 is the another stereogram of the open type knitting circular knitting machine of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the stereogram of the greater proportion of the knitting circular knitting machine top details of Figure 19.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings, 1 see on the whole the open type knitting circular knitting machine for knitwear of the invention is shown, numeral 30 represent the detachable and collection group for open type knitting machine of the invention, and numeral 60 represents of the invention being used for The spreader roller of the detachable and collection group of open type knitting machine.Generally, identical reference may be in multiple embodiments In be used for same or analogous element.
Fig. 1-Fig. 6 illustrates one embodiment of knitting machine of the invention.Knitting circular knitting machine 1 includes pedestal 2, knitting Head, multiple pins and control member, wherein pedestal 2 constitute the load-carrying members of machine, and knitting head is installed on pedestal and fills At least one needle bearing element Ο is had, multiple pins are movably mounted to needle bearing element, and control member can be selected Property the ground multiple pins of activation so that production fabric T.Needle bearing element Ο can be syringe(As shown in Figure 16-Figure 21)Or pin Disk.Pin in needle bearing element is not shown in detail, and it is existing type and is known in correlative technology field.
Pedestal 2 is including ring or upper sectional element 3 and goes to the bottom or intersects bottom 4, and knitting head is installed in ring or top Allow needle bearing element Ο around the vertical central axial line A rotations of essence on supporting member 3, go to the bottom or intersect bottom 4 It is designated to partially be laid on ground.Pedestal also includes two and only two supporting legs 5 and 6.
This two legs 5 with 6 two different and the position at side interval at, and be placed in top loop 3 with go to the bottom 4 it Between and be connected to top loop 3 and go to the bottom 4 so that the top loop be vertically superimposed upon go to the bottom it is upper and with go to the bottom at a distance of a spacing From due in top loop 3 and the collection space S that vertically define between 4 that goes to the bottom, so collection space S does not have the pedestal Element simultaneously is designated as being removably received by detachable and/or collection group 30 of the knitting machine for producing fabric.
This two legs is in the top loop and described goes to the bottom(Or intersection bottom)Difference both sides, laterally limit by this way The boundary of the fixed collection space S.Preferably, upper support element 3 is annular, but as long as using shape meet support pin The requirement of lateral support is knitted and can be carried out by the leg of bottom, it can just adopt other shapes.
Preferably, knitting machine 1 be configured to by means of be movably mounted to the detachable and/or collection group of pedestal from Single gathering element collects fabric, and it will be described more fully with below.Preferably, upper support ring 3 and central authorities Axis A is coaxial.Preferably, two legs 5 and 6 substantially vertically extend and are configured to support top loop securely, prevent machine Device is overturned when being in any active configuration.Preferably, this two legs aligns along fore-and-aft plane P, needle bearing element Central axial line A parallel to(It is preferably located in)The fore-and-aft plane P.Preferably, fore-and-aft plane P is substantially vertical.It is preferred that Ground, two legs 5 align according to the mode for forming two equal 180 ° angle between them with 6 along fore-and-aft plane P(Especially join See Fig. 2).Preferably, knitting machine has total length and overall width, and wherein total length is defined as along the fore-and-aft plane(P) Size, externally delimitated by two legs 5,6, and overall width is defined as the machine in the direction vertical with fore-and-aft plane P The size of device, total length and overall width limit the largest contours of knitting machine.
Preferably, the one leg 5 in this two legs vertically extends between lower end 5a and corresponding upper end 5b, lower end 5a The first installation part 4a for intersecting bottom 4 is connected to and is installed to, upper end 5b is connected to and is installed to top loop 3.Preferably, Article 2 leg 6 in this two legs vertically extends between lower end 6a and corresponding upper end 6b, and lower end 6a is connected to and is mounted To the second mounting portion 4b for intersecting bottom and relative with the first installation part 4a, upper end 6b connects in the position relative with one leg It is connected to and is installed to top loop.Preferably, one leg 5 and Article 2 leg 6 are substantially identical, and especially, they are in its lower end There is identical height between upper end.Preferably, the lower end 5a and 6a of this two legs is perpendicular to intersection bottom 4.Preferably, intersect Bottom includes that middle body 4c, middle body 4c extend and by needle roller axle between the first installation part 4a and the second mounting portion 4b The central axial line A for holding element Ο is extended there through.
Preferably, intersecting bottom 4 also includes one or two lateral parts 7a, 7b, and lateral parts 7a, 7b are limited securely And it is coplanar with middle body 4c, and from middle body in two relative half-planes of the fore-and-aft plane P relative to knitting machine Opposite sides extended.
Preferably, needle bearing element Ο has more than 24 inches(And/or more than 26 inches, and/or more than 30 inches, And/or more than 36 inches, and/or more than 40 inches)Diameter.
Preferably, pedestal 2 has the structure of generally closed polygon, and the structure extends on fore-and-aft plane P, polygon Preferably there is the rectangle of four edges, wherein, top is made up of top loop 3, is made up of intersection bottom 4 below, and two sides are by two Bar supporting leg 5 and 6 is constituted.
Preferably, pedestal 2 has portal structure, and portal top limits boundary by support ring 3, and bottom is limited by bottom 4 is intersected Boundary, side limits boundary by two supporting legs 5 and 6, opens to limit in the direction horizontal and vertical with fore-and-aft plane P phases Path, two supporting legs 5 and 6 limit the boundary of the open access along fore-and-aft plane, the path be used to accommodating it is detachable and/or Collection group 30.
The overall width of knitting machine pedestal mentioned above is less than 230cm.
Preferably, two legs 5 and 6 have width on the direction vertical with fore-and-aft plane L, and the width is less than 100cm (And/or less than 75cm, and/or less than 50cm, and/or less than 25cm).Preferably, this two legs is vertical with fore-and-aft plane There is width, the width is more than 10cm on direction(And/or more than 15cm, and/or more than 20cm).Preferably, this two legs exists Symmetrically extend in two half-plane sides that fore-and-aft plane P is limited.Preferably, one that bottom 4 determines in fore-and-aft plane P is intersected Or have the side extension width of width at least equal to this two legs in two half-planes.In side, extension width is equal to the width of leg In the case of degree, intersect bottom and only show middle body 4c and lack lateral parts 7a and 7b.Preferably, bottom 4 is intersected in longitudinal direction There is side extension width in one or two half-plane that plane P determines, the side extension width is substantially equal to needle bearing The side extension width of element Ο(I.e. equal to the diameter of needle bearing element).In this case, needle bearing element Ο The planar dimension at planar dimension and intersection bottom 4 is substantially identical.
Preferably, intersect bottom 4 and there is side extension width in one or two half-plane that fore-and-aft plane P determines, should Side extension width is substantially equal to the side extension width of top loop, and in this case, top loop 3 and intersection bottom are in plane Respective size is substantially identical in view.
Preferably, bottom 4 is intersected in one or two half-plane that fore-and-aft plane P determines beyond the lateral width of two legs To and side extend at least 10cm(And/or 20cm, and/or 40cm, and/or 60cm and/or 80cm and/or 100cm).It is preferred that Ground, intersects bottom 4 and has more than 50cm in the direction vertical with fore-and-aft plane P(And/or more than 100cm, and/or be more than 150cm, and/or more than 200cm)Difference overall width.
Preferably, the side profile for intersecting bottom 4 is symmetrical relative to fore-and-aft plane P.
Preferably, intersect the width respectively of bottom 4 to be defined as intersecting the overall side wheel of bottom two lateral parts 7a and 7b It is wide.Preferably, needle bearing element is coaxially mounted in top loop 3, and the ring has medium pore, by the fabric T of production of machinery Collection space S is gradually dropped into through medium pore.Preferably, every leg in two legs 5 and 6 includes that what is vertically extended respectively erects Straight member 11,12 and horizontal part 13 and 14 horizontal-extending respectively, the bottom of vertical part 11,12 shows leg 5a and 6a Lower edge, horizontal part 13 and 14 ends in the upper end of leg 5b and 6b;Laterally part 13 and 14 has angled construction according to leg (That is L-shaped)Mode, the opposite end relative to top loop be strongly attached to distinguish vertical part 13 and 14 top.
Preferably, each in two horizontal parts 13 and 14 can be laterally away from the vertical of each leg relative to top loop 3 Part 11 or 12, to increase extensions of the collection space S on fore-and-aft plane P directions.Two horizontal parts are placed in collection sky Between S tops, two vertical parts are placed in collection space S both sides.Preferably, top loop 3 is installed to two legs 5 and 6, more Preferably, top loop 3 is installed on the horizontal part of two legs(As shown in the figure).
Fig. 4 is the exploded view of the possible embodiment of pedestal 2, where it can be seen that each element of composition pedestal 2.It is right The respective vertical part 11,12 and respective horizontal part 13,14 of every leg in two legs 5 and 6 is shown explanation, In this case, steel bar meter is used(It is disconnected to match somebody with somebody and bend)Metallic plate realize.By the way that each horizontal assembling parts is erected to each Every leg can be realized in straight member, so as to form single main body.In the step of realizing pedestal, every leg is assembled into into the base In frame, and the connection between vertical part and horizontal part is immovable type.Further, once assembling and being consolidated Surely top loop and bottom are arrived and intersects bottom, every leg all inherently remains the list of pedestal during transportation and during machine operation One construction.
Preferably, two legs 5 and 6 have polygon in horizontal plane(Preferably, rectangle)Section.
Preferably, pedestal 2 includes extra sealing ring 8, and sealing ring 8 is installed to the upper end of two legs 5 and 6, and It is preferably coaxial with top loop relative to the relatively low position of top loop.
Preferably, extra ring 8 has medium pore, by production of machinery and fabric T from needle bearing element Ο wear Cross the medium pore and gradually drop into collection space S.Preferably, extra ring 8 is installed in two horizontal parts of two legs 5 and 6 13 and 14 lower sections.Preferably, pedestal 2 includes one or more reinforcing plates 19a and 19b.Preferably, one or more reinforcing plates 19a and 19b have angled construction, and each reinforcing plate is inserted into the lower end installation portion corresponding with bottom is intersected of a leg and divides it Between, and the lower end of leg mounting portion corresponding with bottom is intersected is coupled together, so as not to flexible pedestal and make its firm.It is excellent Selection of land, needle bearing element is syringe or dials.Preferably, pedestal 2(Even whole knitting machine)Relative to fore-and-aft plane P realities It is symmetrical in matter.Preferably, two legs 5 and 6 and intersection bottom 4 have size in need and form certain structure, to determine The full-size of knitting machine such that it is able to using standard-sized means of transport(Such as container or truck lorry)Transport, and The pedestal is assembled.
For example, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, it is preferable that pedestal includes at least one closing cage of collection space S, the closing At least one leg that cage is removably mounted in two legs simultaneously is arranged to carry out side-closed relative to fore-and-aft plane P to receive Collection space.
Preferably, cage is placed in the side of collection space, extends beyond the side for intersecting bottom.
Preferably, at least one cage is at least in closed configuration(Fig. 5)Configure with opening(Fig. 6)Between be movably mounted To pedestal.At least one cage entry deterrence collection space in closed configuration, allows relative to fore-and-aft plane P when configuration is opened Laterally into collection space.On the one hand, at least one cage is with by being rotated in closed configuration and opening conversion between configuration Mode, at least one leg being rotatably mounted in two legs 5 or 6.Preferably, knitting machine can include being no difference Two cages.The two cages are disposed in the opposite sides of the pedestal relative to fore-and-aft plane P and are configured in fore-and-aft plane P Collection space is closed in two half-planes for limiting, the two cages are disposed in the outside for intersecting bottom.For example, such as Fig. 5 With shown in Fig. 6, it is preferable that knitting machine 1 advantageously comprises the two pairs of cages 15 and 16,17 and 18 being no difference.Each pair cage relative to Fore-and-aft plane P is disposed in the side respectively of pedestal 2 and is configured in one of half-plane that fore-and-aft plane is limited Collection space is closed.Each pair in these two pair cage is disposed in the outside for intersecting bottom.Each pair in these two pair cage is equal Including the first cage(15 or 17)With the second cage(16 and 18).First cage(15 or 17)It is rotatably mounted the one leg of pedestal And be configured to(For example substantially)The collection space of half is closed in a half-plane relative to fore-and-aft plane.Second cage (16 and 18)It is rotatably mounted the another one leg of pedestal and is configured to close the mounted collection space of the first cage Second half.In each pair cage of these two pair cage, the first cage and the second cage are rotatably mounted the two legs of pedestal, so as to Rightabout is opened, so that collection space can be entered from each side of pedestal, and is closed so as to be connect each other Touch.
These cages enable knitting machine safe operation:In fact, detachable and/or collection group rotates in collection space Work, therefore, it is necessary to collection space is entered in machine run duration, to avoid connecing with the accident of motor element Touch.Conversely, the configuration and attended operation and in order to load/unloading the collection roller for fabric for machine, these cages must also The inside of collection space must be allowed into;Here it is why can seriatim or selectively, manually or automatically may be used Open these cages.
Intersect bottom 4(By shown in the example in figure)With polygonal shape(In plan view)And by assembling (With screw, welding or other fastening means)One group of bar or stave and plate and realize.Intersecting bottom can include one or many Individual leg(Preferably, height adjustable), for the correct position by pedestal setting on the ground.
Knitting machine 1 generally includes control member, and control member is not described in detail as known type.Control structure Part is configured to manage the operation of whole machine.Preferably, control member is associated with the wherein one leg in two legs(For example It is included in inside one leg or two legs).
With particular reference to Fig. 7-Figure 12 and Figure 16 to Figure 21, hereafter to the reality of the knitting machine according to another aspect of the present invention Apply example to be described.
Open type knitting circular knitting machine 1 for knitwear includes above-described pedestal 2, i.e. with upper support element Or ring 3, the collection space S that goes to the bottom or intersect bottom 4, at least two supporting legs 5 and 6 and the element without pedestal(Vertically limit Top loop with intersect between bottom and level is limited between two legs).Collection space is removably received by for knitting machine The detachable and/or collection group 30 of production fabric T.Knitting machine 1 includes knitting head H and control member.Knitting head H is mounted To upper support ring and with the needle bearing element Ο of at least one rotation, needle bearing element Ο has syringe or dials Form, multiple pins are removably mounted to needle bearing element.Control member(It is not shown as known type, for example control Cam)Multiple pins can selectively be activated and make it possible to produce fabric T.
Knitting machine 1 also includes detachable and/or collection group 30.Detachable and/or collection group 30 is movably received within In collection space S, and at least it is configured to open and stretch or or even knitting for production of machinery can be pulled out from needle bearing element Ο Thing and continuously with form of single sheet by fabric wrapping at least one collect roller 31 on.
In this particular aspect of the present invention, whole detachable and/or collection group 30 is rotatably hung to be installed to Pedestal 2 or needle bearing element Ο, vertically to hang over inside collection space S(As shown in Figure 16-Figure 21).
This aspect for noting the present invention is related to the knitting machine with any pedestal, and any pedestal can have two, three Or more a plurality of leg(For example belong to the pedestal of prior art);In this sense, these figures are only exemplified is suspended on Detachable and/or collection group 20 in the machine of the pedestal with two legs.
Knitting head H is installed on upper support ring 3 so that needle bearing element Ο can be around substantially upright Central axial line A rotation.Detachable and/or collection group 30 is hung up on pedestal or needle bearing element, so as to needle roller axle Hold element Ο securely or rotated in the way of angularly cooperating.
In this embodiment, needle bearing element is preferably syringe, it is therefore preferred to have more than 24 inches(And/or it is big In 26 inches, and/or more than 30 inches, and/or more than 36 inches, and/or more than 40 inches)Diameter.
Detachable and/or collection group 30 does not include the group is connected to the supporting unit of the bottom of pedestal and/or lateral parts Part;Especially, detachable and/or collection group 30 does not include being connected to going to the bottom or intersecting the leg of bottom and/or pedestal for pedestal Supporting member.
For example, Fig. 7-Figure 12 illustrates that detachable and/or collection group 30 preferably includes carriage 33, and carriage 33 is used to hold Receive by production of machinery fabric collection component, it is also possible to accommodate by production of machinery fabric detachable member.Preferably, prop up Support frame 33 includes installation component 40, and installation component 40 can be fixed to pedestal 2 or needle bearing element Ο and be configured and be endowed Size supports the whole load of detachable and/or collection group with suspension type.
Term " load " includes the weight of detachable and/or collection group 30 and is collected at least one collection roller 31 On fabric T weight, also include by it is detachable and/or collection group rotation determine pressure and be transferred to pedestal or rolling The pressure of needle bearing element.
Installation component 40 is arranged preferably only in the upper position in frame 33, and not in the bottom and/or side of frame.
Detachable and/or collection group 30 by integral hanging to pedestal, and total weight(As defined above)By in pedestal Portion ground is supported;Or, detachable and/or collection group 30 is by integral hanging to needle bearing element, and total weight is by needle roller axle Hold element all to support.
As Figure 16-Figure 18 is exemplified, installation component 40 preferably includes at least one mounting bracket 41, and at least one Detachable and/or collection group frame 33 is directly connected to needle bearing element Ο by mounting bracket 41, so as to make it is detachable and/or Collection group is fixedly secured with needle bearing element;Mounting bracket supports the total weight of detachable and/or collection group, while with Make needle bearing element to the transmission device of detachable and/or collection group motion so that needle bearing element and it is detachable and/or Collection group rotates synchronously and coaxially, i.e., needle bearing element determines the rotation of angle corresponding to removable around central axial line Unload and/or gathering element around the axis equal angular rotation.
At least one mounting bracket 41 is preferably fixed to the single continuous part of needle bearing element Ο, the part With the angled extension relative to central axial line A, angled extension is included between 10 ° and 180 °(And/or wrapped Include between 20 ° and 150 °, and/or be included between 30 ° and 120 °, and/or be included between 45 ° and 90 °).
In another embodiment(It is not shown), installation component include a pair of mounting brackets, mounting bracket needle bearing unit Detachable and/or collection group frame is directly connected to needle bearing element by two different and separate positions of part, preferably Each other diameter is relative for two different and separate positions of ground needle bearing element.
In another embodiment, independently of previous embodiment and as exemplified in Figure 19-Figure 21, pedestal 2 includes Guiding holding ring 8, guiding holding ring 8 is installed to leg and coaxial with top loop 3 in the lower position relative to top loop 3;Draw Holding ring 8 is led with medium pore, is gradually fallen through medium pore by production of machinery and from needle bearing element Ο fabric T In entering collection space S.Guiding holding ring 8 includes external rings 8a and inner loop 8b, and external rings 8a are fixed to and are limited securely Make pedestal, inner loop 8b is coaxial with external rings and is rotatably mounted to the external rings.Preferably, the outer of holding ring 8 is guided Portion ring 8a and inner loop 8b are embodied as together(Preferably rotation type)Spare wheel(fifth wheel)Or bearing.
Preferably, installation component 40 includes retaining element 45, and retaining element 45 is by detachable and/or collection group 30 frame 33 Inner loop 8b of holding ring 8 is directly connected to, to make detachable and/or collection group 30 be fixed firmly to inner loop.At this In the case of kind, retaining element 45 supports at least in part the load mentioned above of detachable and/or collection group.
According to the exemplified embodiments of Figure 19-Figure 21, it is preferable that installation component 40 includes the driving transmission device of difference 42, needle bearing element Ο is connected to driving transmission device 42 frame 33 of detachable and/or collection group so that needle bearing unit Part, detachable and/or collection group and inner loop rotate synchronously and coaxially, i.e. needle bearing element is around central axial line The rotation of the determination angle of A is corresponding to detachable and/or collection group 30 and inner loop around the equal angular of the axis Rotation.
Preferably, retaining element 45 is arranged to support the whole load of detachable and/or collection group 30, and is driven Device 42 is arranged to the rotary transfer of needle bearing element to detachable and/or collection group and inner loop and does not support institute State load.In the latter case, as Figure 19 and Figure 20 are exemplified, transmission device includes support(Or bar)And bolt, Support(Or bar)Needle bearing element is fixed to, bolt is fixed to inner loop 8b of holding ring 8:Bolted joints are in support In seat at pedestal so that support pulls the whole inner loop of the bolt and holding ring during needle bearing element rotates 8a, wherein the frame of detachable and/or collection group is fixed to inner loop 8a;By doing so it is possible, the rotation quilt of needle bearing element Correspondingly it is delivered to detachable and/or collection group.It should be noted that support-bolt connection is used only as from needle bearing element Rotation is synchronously transmitted to detachable and/or collection group, however, load is completely by retaining element 45(Frame 33 is directly connected to Inner loop 8b of holding ring 8)Support.
At foregoing aspects of replaceable aspect, retaining element 45 is configured to facilitate and supports detachable and/or collection group A part of load, and transmitting device 42 is configured to the rotary transfer of needle bearing element to detachable and/or collection group And inner loop, the remainder load that simultaneous transmission device 42 is not supported for support by retaining element.
Preferably, it is partially larger than the 80% of load by what retaining element was supported(And/or more than load 60%, and/or be more than The 40% of load), and/or correspondingly, the remainder supported by transmission device is correspondingly less than the 20% of load(And/or be less than Load 40%, and/or less than the 60% of load).
Preferably, frame 33 includes the gripper shoe 35 and 36 of beam 34 and a pair of sides, and beam 34 is essentially horizontally placed in receipts In collection space S, the gripper shoe 35 and 36 of a pair of sides is fixed to two opposite flanks of beam 34 and facing with each other.Preferably, The gripper shoe 35 and 36 of side is substantially vertically placed.Preferably, the gripper shoe 35 and 36 of beam 34 and side is used to prop up Support by production of machinery fabric collect component, and/or by production of machinery fabric strain component, and/or by production of machinery Tensile member.
Preferably, beam 34 carries out Longitudinal extending below needle bearing element Ο, relative to the central authorities of needle bearing element Axis A virtual symmetries and parallel to the central axial line.
Preferably, retaining element 45 includes one or more screws 46 or one or more weld seams or equal way, from And the beam of frame is affixed directly to inner loop 8b of the top loop 8 of pedestal 2.
Preferably, retaining element can include that the frame is installed to another mounting bracket of the inner loop of holding ring.
Preferably, detachable and/or collection group 30 has can be wound onto in order or substantially equal to collection roller 31 On fabric the maximum amount of weight bare weight generally(Include collecting roller 31 but not including knitting by production of machinery Thing);And/or detachable and/or collection group 30 has that be included in can be wound on the maximum amount of of the fabric collected on roller 31 Between the 90% of weight and 110%(Between 80% and 120% or between 70% and 130% or between 50% and 150% or 20% with Between 200%)Bare weight generally.In this embodiment of knitting circular knitting machine, needle bearing element can be syringe or pin Disk, knitting machine can be single bed-type(Including single needle bearing element)Or double bed type(Including two needle bearing elements, point It is not syringe and dials).
As shown in Fig. 7-Figure 21, it is preferable that detachable and/or collection group 30 includes collecting roller 31, collects the quilt of roller 31 Frame 33 is rotatably mounted to, to rotate around corresponding substantially horizontal rotary shaft;Described above, collect Roller 31 be designated as collect by knitting machine produce on the collection roller 31 and knitting with single pantostrat form Thing T.Collect roller 31 to extend between two longitudinal ends, and it is rotatably mounted the plate 35 of side in two longitudinal ends With 36.Preferably, the rotary shaft of collection roller 31 is oriented to be parallel with the Longitudinal extending of the beam 34 of frame 33.
In a possible embodiment, when knitting head is when producing fabric in the form of the tubular knitted article for closing, detachably And/or collection group can include the basic pressing component 95 of the fabric T from knitting machine.
Preferably, flattening component 95 includes a pair of bars 96 or a pair of rollers, and this is to bar 96 or roller by essentially horizontally The top of the lower section of needle bearing element Ο or collection roller 31 in collection space S is arranged in, this is to bar or roller and collection sieve The rotary shaft of drawing is laterally arranged(Preferably, perpendicular to the rotation axis for collecting roller).
Preferably, this pair of rod or this is on the side each other to roller 96 is substantially straight logical to limit for tubing T Road, the path determines that the diameter by the tubing of closure along tubing is substantially flattened.
In a possible embodiment(It is not shown), detachable and/or collection group can be including cutting element, cutting element quilt It is arranged in pressing component downstream and can edge(Preferably)The longitudinally cutting tubing produced by knitting machine of vertical bus, so as to Fabric can be then turned on and in monolayer fashion by fabric wrapping on roller is collected.
Preferably, what detachable and/or collection group 30 included the fabric for reaching outwardly opens component 50, the fabric of arrival with Form of single sheet is directly from needle bearing element, or is cut by the tubing to being produced by needle bearing element and obtained The fabric that must be reached.Outwardly open component 50 and outwardly open bar 51 including at least one, outwardly open bar 51 and be installed to(It is preferred that Ground, is fixed to)Frame simultaneously is configured to determine the opening of two side boundaries of fabric by being gradually distance from that fabric is worn downwards Cross and outwardly open bar 51, enter into collection space S and extend on bar is outwardly opened as woven towards collection roller 31 Its width.
Preferably, the rod 51 for outwardly opening between two ends 52 and 53 respectively Longitudinal extending and from the beam 34 of frame 33 just Face extends laterally, and wherein each end 52 and 53 is installed on each side panel of frame.Preferably, the rod for outwardly opening has curved The construction of song simultaneously gradually stretches out from two ends respectively away from beam, to show middle body 54 or central point, middle body 54 or central point there is ultimate range apart from beam, and the middle body of fabric can be guided with form of single sheet whereabouts.
Preferably, the bar 51 for outwardly opening is substantial relative to the perpendicular of the central axial line through needle bearing element Symmetrically and perpendicular to the rotation axis for collecting roller.
Preferably, the bar 51 for outwardly opening has the construction for generally justifying V-arrangement, that is, the bar 51 for outwardly opening has bending Middle body 54(Or arc circumference)And two straight parts 55 and 56, two straight parts 55 and 56 from the two of middle body Laterally opposite direction branch ground extends, and each straight part 55 and 56 is ended on each side panel 35 and 36 of frame 33.It is preferred that Ground, the bar 51 for outwardly opening essentially horizontally is arranged in detachable and/or collection group 30.Preferably, middle body 54 Or central point is fixed to frame by one or more central rods.Preferably, the bar 51 for outwardly opening is pacified in the following manner It is mounted on frame 33:The side of the bar 51 for outwardly opening extends can be adjusted relative to the beam, particularly middle body or in The ultimate range of centre point can be adjusted relative to the beam 34 of frame.
Preferably, detachable and/or collection group 30 also includes guided rings 57, the quilt of guided rings 57(Preferably, regularly)Peace It is attached to frame 33 and in the position on the top of bar 51 for outwardly opening, guided rings are configured to guide by the fabric T of knitting machine production Fall, fabric T with form of single sheet directly from needle bearing element, or by cutting by needle bearing element Ο produce tubulose Fabric and obtain woven.
Preferably, guided rings 57 have the internal holes for making fabric fall wherein, it is preferable that fabric is sliding inside guided rings It is dynamic.The tension force occurred in the fabric that guided rings can eliminate at needle bearing component outlet, this is easy to material around machine Central axial line it is rolled-up or into making it twist, although this is not desired;In this way, fabric can reach phase For the cutting element of needle bearing element upright(If present)With outwardly open component and without inner tensions.
Preferably, guided rings 57 laterally extend from the front of beam, and the rod 51 for outwardly opening also prolongs relative to the front of beam Stretch, guided rings are also superimposed on the rod 57 for outwardly opening.
Preferably, guided rings 57 are essentially horizontally arranged in detachable and/or collection group 30.
Preferably, guided rings are located at outwardly open the top of rod 57 at a certain distance, and the distance is between 1cm and 100cm (And/or be included between 5cm and 50cm, and/or be included between 10cm and 30cm).
Preferably, the rod 51 and guided rings 57 for outwardly opening is placed in detachable and/or collection group 30 so that from rolling The fabric T of needle bearing element is fallen from inside guided rings, through the hole of guided rings, through outside the bar for outwardly opening it It is front to continue to fall in the lower section of guided rings and towards roller is collected.
Preferably, guided rings 57 have the substantially construction of annular and are fixed to frame 33, so as to needle bearing element Ο is substantially coaxial.Preferably, guided rings 57 are fixed on the middle body of beam 33.
With particular reference to the diagram of Figure 13 and Figure 14, now to for according to the open type knitting circular knitting of another aspect of the invention Detachable and/or collection group some embodiments of machine are described.
In view of multiple embodiments of detachable and/or collection group of the invention(Although with reference to pedestal quilt of the invention Illustrate)Independently of exemplified knitting circular knitting machine in figure, it is possible to open type(Even known type and/or Know the detachable and/or collection group of the replacement of type)Any knitting circular knitting machine is used together.
It is further noted that according to open type knitting circular knitting machine, term " detachable and/or collection group " is referred to following The group of feature:" open type " fabric of production individual layer, and fabric is collected so as on collection roller(So as to prevent The free-falling of the fabric below needle bearing element is freely collected).In this sense, based on open type machine Function, detachable and/or collection group processes the collection of fabric really, but the behaviour that fabric is disassembled from needle bearing element Work is alternatively(Although being used to make the tubing for having produced be cut open to outwardly open so as to form woven by longitudinal direction Open type machine in be widely used), this is because this dismantles fabric from needle bearing element in open type machine The operation got off can be undertaken by detachable and/or collection group(In this case, detachable and/or collection group becomes " can Dismounting and collection group "), or directly the operation is performed on needle bearing element(In this case, detachable and/or receipts Collection group becomes collection group, and the fabric that collection group reception has been tightened up simultaneously is collected).
For open type knitting circular knitting machine detachable and/or collection group 30 include the fabric T with opening structure to Outer opening members 50, fabric T with form of single sheet directly from needle bearing element, or by cutting produced by needle bearing element Tubing and obtain fabric T.The bar 51 that component at least includes outwardly opening is outwardly opened, the bar 51 for outwardly opening is preferably Frame 33 is mounted and is fixed to, and determination one is configured to by being gradually distance from the two of fabric side boundaries and opened Mouthful, fabric is fallen through the bar for outwardly opening towards roller 31 is collected, and makes its width in the form of woven at this Extend on the bar for outwardly opening.Detachable and/or collection component at least includes collecting roller 31, collects roller 31 and is rotatably pacified Frame is attached to, for receiving from the fabric and collection for outwardly opening component with continuous individual layer fabric wound thereon, sieve is collected Drawing can be rotated around corresponding rotation axis.
Detachable and/or collection group 30 also includes at least one transmission roller 70, transmits anterior approach of the roller 70 along fabric Footpath is operatively placed in outwardly opening component and collecting between roller for fabric, and transmission roller is received from outwardly opening component Fabric simultaneously transmits fabric with form of single sheet to roller is collected.Transmission roller can be rotated around corresponding rotation axis, its Longitudinally launch along corresponding rotation axis.
Detachable and/or collection group 30 also includes at least one spreader roller 60 or tenses roller, spreader roller 60 It is positioned at the operating centre position outwardly opened between component 50 and collection roller and relative or tension roller is installed to frame It is arranged in the corresponding longitudinal axes L substantially parallel to collection roller rotation axis.Spreader roller 60 be configured to Following manner is interacted with the fabric T advanced towards collection roller:Fabric is evened up, in two sides of spreader roller Fabric is set to broaden between face end 61,62.
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14 citings, transmit roller 70 and there is the corresponding rotary shaft for being located at the first perpendicular 71 Line, collects roller 31 and has the corresponding rotation axis for being located at the second perpendicular 72, and spreader roller 60 has positioned at the 3rd The longitudinal axis of the spreader roller 60 of perpendicular 73.
Spreader roller 60 is placed in as follows in detachable and/or collection group:3rd plane and the first plane The distance between exist at least equal to the distance between the second plane 72 and the first plane 71, and the second plane 72 and the 3rd plane 73 In the half space of identical one that first plane 71 is limited.
Preferably, the distance between the 3rd plane 73 and the first plane 71 are exactly equal to the second plane 72 and the first plane 71 The distance between.In other words, spreader roller 60 is vertically aligned with roller 31 is collected(As shown in figure 13, with continuous lines table The spreader roller 60 for showing is located at collects roller lower section).
Preferably, spreader roller 60 is placed in the lower section of collection roller 31.
As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, the first perpendicular(And/or second perpendicular, and/or the 3rd perpendicular)It is flat Row is in the central axial line of needle bearing element Ο.
In an alternate embodiment of the invention, spreader roller 60 is placed in as follows in detachable and/or collection group 30: The distance between 3rd plane 73 and the first plane 71 are more than the distance between the second plane 72 and the first plane 71.In other words Say, spreader roller 60 is located in detachable and/or collection group 30 position more forward than collecting roller 31, that is, collecting roller phase For the opposite side of transmission roller 70.Figure 13 shows the embodiment, and the spreader roller 60 of dotted line is located at collects roller lower section (And it is forward relative to its position).
Spreader roller 60 is placed in detachable and/or collection group, i.e., in the vertical of needle bearing element center axis In plane, the lateral separation at a distance of transmission roller apart transmits the corresponding lateral separation of roller more than roller is collected.
Preferably, the rotation axis for collecting roller 31 is parallel to each other with the rotation axis of transmission roller, collects roller 31 The longitudinal axes L of rotation axis, the rotation axis of transmission roller 70 and spreader roller 60 is parallel to each other, is preferably all water Square to.
Preferably, detachable and/or collection group can be included for by fabric wrapping(Reference 80)To collection roller Component on 31, the component is configured to make the fabric T reached from needle bearing element Ο to advance and for by the fabric It is continuous and be uniformly wound around on collection roller 31.
Preferably, for winding(Reference 80)The component of fabric at least include traction roller 81, traction roller 81 with Following manner is removably mounted to frame:Contact with collection roller 31 at contact line C passed through by fabric.Traction roller 81 are configured to be rotated as follows:Press against the corresponding rotation on collection roller and determine fabric on roller is collected Continuous winding.
Preferably, traction roller 81 is placed in detachable and/or collection group, and is vertically aligned and position with roller is collected In collection roller lower section.
At least one spreader roller 60 is placed in detachable and/or collection group, is vertically aligned with traction roller and position In traction roller lower section.
Preferably, traction roller 81 is around the corresponding rotation axis rotation on the 4th perpendicular.Spreader sieve 60 are drawn to be placed in as follows in detachable and/or collection group:The distance between 3rd plane 73 and the first plane 71 are extremely The distance between fourth plane and first plane 71 are equal to less.
Preferably, traction roller 81 is placed in detachable and/or collection group, i.e., in needle bearing element center axis On vertical plane, the lateral separation of traction roller 81 and transmission roller 70 is at least equal to the horizontal stroke between traction roller and transmission roller To distance, and/or the 3rd plane and fourth plane overlap each other.
Preferably, at least one spreader roller 60 is placed in detachable and/or collection group so that the 3rd plane 73 with The distance between first plane 71 is more than the distance between fourth plane and first plane.
Preferably, at least one spreader roller 60 is located in detachable and/or collection group, is being leaned on relative to traction roller Front position, i.e., in traction roller relative to the opposite side for transmitting roller 70.
Preferably, at least one spreader roller is placed in detachable and/or collection group, i.e., perpendicular to needle bearing In the plane of element center axis, horizontal stroke of lateral separation of the spreader roller away from transmission roller more than traction roller away from transmission roller To distance.
As shown in Figure 14 citings, it is preferable that for winding(Reference 80)The component of fabric includes the first traction roller 81 and second traction roller 82, the first traction roller 81 and the second traction roller 82 act on receipts at respective contact line C On collection roller, determine that fabric is continuously rolled up on roller is collected to carry out pressing to the corresponding rotation on the collection roller Around fabric is continuously across two contact lines C limited by the first traction roller and the second traction roller.
At least one spreader roller is placed between the first traction roller 81 and the second traction roller 82.
At least one spreader roller 60 is located in detachable and/or collection group and in the first traction roller 81 and second Centre position between traction roller 82.
Preferably, at least one spreader roller 60 is placed in detachable and/or collection group, i.e., perpendicular to needle roller axle Hold in the plane of element center axis, spreader roller 60 and transmission roller between lateral separation more than the first traction roller with The lateral separation transmitted the lateral separation between roller and be less than between the second traction roller and transmission roller.
Preferably, it can also be spreader roller to transmit roller 70, in this case, detachable and/or collection group exhibition Two spreader rollers 60 are shown.
Detachable and/or collection group 30 can include a spreader roller 60 of traditional type(Also have in transmission roller In the case of having the function of spreader roller, or two spreader rollers can be included), i.e., according to another aspect of the invention One or two spreader roller, is described later.
In the embodiment of detachable and/or collection group the description shown in Fig. 7-Figure 12, spreader roller 60 is also performed The function of transmission roller;Actually(Especially, referring to Fig. 7,8,10 and 11);Spreader roller 60 is placed in and outwardly opens component Downstream and relative to collect roller retracted position, spreader roller can from outwardly open component receive outwardly open knit Thing and with individual layer(With pressing)The fabric outwardly opened described in form towards collection roller conveying.
Preferably, detachable and/or collection group of the invention extraly includes pulling component 90, the pulling component 90 by The downstream direction of needle bearing element Ο quantity-produced fabric Ts, the pulling component determine fabric be tightened up and under fall collection In space S.Preferably, the pulling roller for pulling component 90 to be one another in series including one or more, acts on fabric to force Fabric advances towards roller 31 is collected.In figs. 13 and 14, exemplified three pullings roller 91,92,93, these three pull sieve Drawing is arranged in series with each other and is passed through by fabric T.
Preferably, detachable and/or collection group of the invention can extraly include cutting element(It is not shown, e.g. Existing type), the cutting element be disposed in flatten component 95 downstream(It is above-described)And can be preferred in such a way Ground longitudinally cuts open the tubing T produced by knitting machine along vertical bus:Continuously fabric T can be outwardly opened and with individual layer shape Formula is by it on collection roller 31.
As needed, detachable and/or collection group can include transmission device(Such as electro-motor or air impeller), The transmission device can make the different elements of detachable and/or collection group(Such as spreader roller, transmission roller, pull roller, lead Draw roller, and/or collect roller)Rotated.For example, detachable and/or collection group can include acting on collection roller(Or Traction roller)On corresponding transmission device, to be disposed at rotation status and to determine fabric winding thereon.
With particular reference to Figure 15 and Figure 15 a, the spreader roller according to another aspect of the invention is described below, it is different In aforesaid aspect, spreader roller is used in the detachable and/or collection group for open type knitting circular knitting machine.
Spreader roller 60 or tension roller are installed to the frame 33 of detachable and/or collection group 30 and positioned at knitting machine Needle bearing element Ο and the centre position collected between roller 31 for fabric, and relative to substantially parallel to collection The longitudinal axes L of the rotation axis of roller 31 is arranged.
Spreader roller 60 is configured to carry out phase interaction with towards the fabric T for collecting the advance of roller 31 as follows With:Fabric passes through above at least a portion of spreader roller, around spreader roller and is in contact with it.Spreader roller 60 two relative lateral ends 61,62 being configured to towards spreader roller launch fabric.
Spreader roller is configured, and is gradually opened the fabric for going over the direction in width so that whole at its The fabric for being opened in length and uniformly being launched is reached collects roller 31.Additionally, spreader roller is configured to barrier fabric Some parts longitudinally roll near two outer boundaries of fabric(I.e. in the glide direction of fabric)Trend.Spreader roller 60 include bar 63 and multiple sections 65, and bar 63 may be mounted to frame and have longitudinal axes L, and multiple sections 65 are rotatably mounted , to rotate on the bar, each section is around respective rotation axis 66a independently of other sections for bar 63.Each section 65 extends It is in respective laterally inclined extension plane 66 and not vertical with the longitudinal axes L of the bar of spreader roller 63.
In other words, each section is arranged to be not orthogonal to bar, and the rotation axis around this section is rotated, wherein The rotation axis of each section is inclined relative to the longitudinal axes L of bar 63.Additionally, each respective rotation axis of section 65 is vertical In respective extension plane 66, and, when resting in respective extension plane 66, each section 65 rotates around it Axis is rotated.
Preferably, each section 65 is rotatably mounted bar 63, and each section 65 can be around its rotation axis described Freely rotate with lost motion on bar.In other words, it is preferably that section 65 is activated by transmission device, but two direction of rotation In rotate freely through around its rotation axis 66a.Each section by fabric towards collect roller 31 advance effect and by and its The fabric T of contact is rotated.In other words, by making the drag interaction of fabric advance thereon so that each section is revolved Turn.
Preferably, rotary speed of each section 65 in its all points contacted with fabric T is equal to the advance speed of fabric Degree.
As described in Figure 15, it is preferable that multiple sections 65 include first group of section 68 and second group of section 69, and first group of section shows to be provided There are multiple sections 65 of respective extension plane 66, all extension planes 66 have relative to the longitudinal axis of the bar of spreader roller The inclination alpha of identical first, second group of section 69 shows multiple sections 65 with respective extension plane 66, all extension planes 66 There is the inclination angle of identical second relative to the longitudinal axes L of the bar of spreader roller.
Preferably, first group of section 68 is prolonged from the middle body 64 of the bar of spreader roller to the first end 61 of spreader roller Stretch, second group of section 69 extends from the middle body of bar to second end 62 relative with first end 61 of spreader roller.
Preferably, the first inclination alpha and the second inclination angle are relative to the axis vertical with longitudinal axes L or the central authorities relative to bar Part 64 is mirror image or relative.
Preferably, each section 65 of first group of section 68 is configured to apply a direction in the part of the fabric being in contact with it The pulling force of the first end 61 of spreader roller, each section 65 of second group of section 69 is configured to dividing in the fabric T being in contact with it Other part applies the pulling force at second end 62 towards spreader roller so that the width of fabric T is in spreader roller Generally fully open or launch between the end 62 of first end 61 and second.
Preferably, the first inclination angle of the extension plane 66 of the section 65 of first group of section 68 is equal to one relative to the longitudinal axis of bar It is individual to be less than 89 °(And/or less than 87 °, and/or less than 85 °, and/or less than 80 °)Angle, or more than 50 °(And/or more than 60 °, And/or more than 70 °)Angle.
Preferably, the second inclination angle is mirror image relative to axis perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis and the first inclination angle, and equal to The angle at one inclination angle.
Preferably, formed relative to the longitudinal axis of spreader roller 60 by the extension plane 66 of the section in first group of section 68 Less angle value it is linear relative to the longitudinal axis of spreader roller with the extension plane 66 by the section in second group of section 69 Into the value sum of larger angle be substantially 180 °.
Preferably, formed relative to the longitudinal axes L of spreader roller by the extension plane 66 of the section 65 of first group of section 68 The value of smaller angle formed relative to the longitudinal axes L of spreader roller with the extension plane 66 of the section 65 by second group of section 69 The algebraical sum of value of smaller angle be 0 °, i.e., formed relative to longitudinal axes L by the extension plane of the section in first group of section The value of the smaller angle that the value of smaller angle is formed with the extension plane of the section in second group of section is equal to each other and contrary.
Similarly, it is preferable that each section 65 has rotation axis, the rotation axis inclines one relative to the longitudinal axis of bar Individual angle, the angle is more than 1 °(And/or more than 3 °, and/or more than 5 °, and/or more than 10 °)And less than 40 °(And/or be less than 30 °, and/or less than 20 °).
Preferably, spreader roller 60 is installed in detachable and/or collection group 30 so that around spreader roller 60 fabric Ts in forward travel state are limitedly wound up into the contact portion of the outer surface of spreader roller, the contact site It is angle continuous and to determine to divide(The rotation complete less than a circle)Extend from connecting line to defiber, wherein fabric is even Wiring starts to contact spreader roller, and fabric is separated from spreader roller and continued on its path towards collecting roller in defiber 31 advance.The contact portion changes and keeps not in the space of the bar relative to spreader roller 60 at once on each section Become.
Preferably, spreader roller 60 is installed in detachable and/or collection group so that fabric T is wound up into expansion , corresponding to the corresponding part of the section 65 of first group of section 68, the corresponding part can be towards exhibition during section rotation for the contact portion of device roller The fabric that the first end movement of device roller is overlapped is opened, the contact portion that fabric T is wound up into spreader roller is corresponded to The corresponding part of the section 65 of second group of section 69, the corresponding part can be moved during section rotation towards the second end 62 of spreader roller The fabric of overlap.
Preferably, spreader roller 60 is installed in as follows in detachable and/or collection group 30:First group of section 68 section corresponds to the first end 61 of the part of contact portion towards spreader roller, and the section of second group of section 69 corresponds to contact site Point part towards spreader roller the second end 62 so that the fabric T along spreader roller contact portion on its path is Open and carry out horizontal spreading towards the two ends of spreader roller from first group of section 68 and second group of section 69.
Preferably, each section 65 of spreader roller 60 along roller longitudinal axes L will connecting line and defiber it Between fabric horizontal spreading a certain amount being in contact with it for advancing, the amount both with the extension plane of section relative to bar longitudinal axis The inclination angle of L is directly proportional, and the angle of the contact portion between connecting line and defiber and surface extension are directly proportional.
Preferably, bar 63 is fixed to as follows the frame 33 of detachable and/or collection group 30:The defiber with arrive Fabric T between the connecting line of spreader roller is gradually pulled to expansion in its part contacted with the section of first group of section 68 The first end 61 of device roller, and gradually pulled to the second end of spreader roller in its part contacted with the section of second group of section 69 62。
Preferably, spreader roller 60 is configured to mount to the frame of detachable and/or support group(Keep by fixed bar Longitudinal axes L, and change the angle position of bar), to change the section relative to the connecting line of fabric T and the roller of defiber 65 angle position.Impact of the section to fabric can be changed in this way, thus increase or reduce the side exhibition performed by section Open.
In an alternate embodiment of the invention(It is not shown), spreader roller 60 is installed to the frame 33 of detachable and/or collection group, So that section 65 applies the power towards the middle body 64 of bar 63, and make the fabric T on roller in its path narrow, that is, subtract The little width OR gate flap(closure).
As shown in Figure 15 and Figure 15 a, each section has the construction of disk, wheel or roller, especially with circular section.
Preferably, each section 65 has the perimeter of substantially annular.The phase each other of all sections 65 of first group of section 68 Together, all sections of second group of section 69 it is 65 mutually the same.Again it is further preferred that as shown in illustrating in figure, the institute of spreader roller 60 There is section 65 mutually the same, may only have the difference of the relative inclination being installed in relative to them on bar 63.Preferably, section 65 by Mold(Such as plastic material)To realize.
Preferably, section 65 is configured to prevent fabric T from sliding on the outer surface so that between connecting line and defiber The fabric of advance does not slide or mobile in section, but constantly contacts with the outer surface of section and towards the end of spreader roller 61 and 62 are unfolded.
Preferably, section 65 show its outer surface, outer surface be wrapped be suitable to increase section fabric apply grip and The rubber or other materials of tension force.
Preferably, respective plane bearing is used(plain bearing)Each section 65 is installed to into bar, section is around axle Hold rotatable, and section is tied to securely on the bar of spreader roller by inside.Preferably, bar has polygonal cross-section (Preferably, it is not circular), and the bearing of each section has the medium pore with the sectional shape complementary of bar, so as to prevent bearing from existing Rotation and/or boot segment are inserted on bar with correct inclination angle on bar.
Preferably, plane bearing is axle sleeve(bushing), or plane bearing is by self-lubricated technology copolymers (Metal with low-friction coefficient and metal alloy)The axle sleeve or bearing of composition.
Each section 65 in first group of section 68 and second group of section 69 is laterally placed in side each other and preferably substantial Contact.Spreader roller can have section at the only one between its end 62 of first end 61 and second or multiple longitudinal components 65, wherein, perform towards the expansion for collecting the fabric T of the advance of roller 31 on width.
In detachable and/or collection group, it is preferable that contact spreader roller 60 in fabric and start around expansion At the point that device roller 60 advances, spreader roller is horizontal(Preferably, vertically)It is arranged into the direction of advance of fabric T.It is preferred that Ground, spreader roller 60 the centre position for outwardly opening component 50 and collect between roller 31 be installed to it is detachable and/or The frame 33 of collection group 30.
Notice above-described spreader roller(The purpose of the present invention)Can be advantageously utilised in of the invention Detachable group is internal, such as detachable group in Fig. 7, or detachable group described according to Figure 13 or Figure 14, or for example according to figure Detachable group of 16- Figure 18 or Figure 19-Figure 21 descriptions.Generally, spreader roller 60 of the invention can be any with open type (It is of the invention and be existing type)Knitting circular knitting machine is used together, including to already present spreader roller in machine It is replaced.
The present invention can carry out many modifications and changes such as its imagination, and all of modifications and changes each fall within structure of the present invention The scope of think of, and the part mentioned can be by other technical equivalents elements replacements.The present invention has important advantage.Mainly, This invention removes some shortcomings of prior art.
Further, the pedestal of two legs can obtain open type knitting circular knitting machine, and the knitting circular knitting machine has relative to known The less overall dimension of solution, particularly narrower width.
Further, the knitting function of open type with two leg pedestals promotes the transport of machine itself, particularly can transport (Including the means of transportation using standard type)The installed machine for completing of whole pedestal.
Open type knitting machine further advantage with two leg pedestals is related to the more accessibility of machine, particularly can be with Into collection space and Jie Jin knitting head and needle bearing element.
Open type knitting machine further advantage with two leg pedestals is related to rapidly and readily to perform to having produced And the fabric collected by detachable and/or collection group carries out loading and unloading operations.
Open type knitting machine further advantage with two leg pedestals is related to by the longitudinal size of increase machine not Increase its lateral dimension to increase by the production of machinery(Or stretch out)Fabric width;In other words, the machine can be by Significantly longitudinal direction lengthens, without causing significantly widening for horizontal direction.
Open type knitting machine with two leg pedestals is further characterized in that structure that is simple and rotating, the knitting function Simplify realization, installation, the operation of I& M of actual machine.
Further, the knitting function of open type with two leg pedestals increases into yield relative to known machine.
The present invention also provides detachable and/or collection group the multiple embodiments having many advantages.Mainly, the present invention Detachable and/or collection group be characterised by it is simple, compact and rotation structure, from support load from the viewpoint of and slave phase From the viewpoint of for needle bearing element synchronous rotary, moreover it is possible to effectively complete the pedestal for attaching it to machine.
Further, detachable and/or collection group of the invention can efficiently and uniformly be opened and launch fabric, prevent folding The formation of trace simultaneously prevents the edge of the fabric being collected from rolling.
The present invention also provides a kind of spreader roller having many advantages.
First, spreader roller of the invention can effectively fully open and outwards launch the fabric of planar configuration, prevent And avoid forming folding line and overlap along the whole width of fabric.Further, reach before collecting roller in fabric, spreader Roller can be unrolled evenly fabric, so as to have favorable influence to outwards launching fabric.
Further, spreader roller solves the problems, such as that the side of fabric is rolled, especially the skill of open type knitting machine The problem of bad solution in art field.
Equally, the spreader roller inside detachable and/or collection group can reduce for being wound onto receipts in fabric Fabric was performed before on collection roller effectively outwards launch required space;This is interpreted the whole of whole detachable and collection group Body compresses.
The spreader roller of the present invention further advantage is that its modularity, can be by multiple difference that can be independently installed Section realizing the spreader roller.Modularity improves the versatility of spreader roller, and this is interpreted to be processed Different type and various sizes of fabric more preferable adaptability.Versatility is both related to the part of the fabric to be unfolded(It is wide Degree)Selection, further relate to the entity that the side that is applied on fabric is launched.Additionally, the structure of spreader roller(Especially, its Modularity)Realize simply, and mean that it is characterized by the moderate overall cost of performance and quality.

Claims (63)

1. a kind of knitwear are arranged to produce fabric (T) and collect in the open configuration with open type knitting circular knitting machine (1) Fabric, i.e., collect in monolayer fashion fabric, and the knitting circular knitting machine includes:
- pedestal (2), the pedestal (2) constitutes the load-carrying members of the knitting circular knitting machine;
- knitting head (H), the knitting head (H) is installed to the pedestal (2) and has:Syringe or dials form are extremely A few needle bearing element (Ο), the multiple pins and use that are removably mounted at least one needle bearing element It is used to produce the control member of fabric in the plurality of pin is optionally activated;
Wherein, the pedestal (2) includes:
- support top loop (3), the knitting head to be installed on support top loop (3) so that the needle bearing unit Part can rotate around substantially upright central axial line (A);
- intersect bottom (4), for being laid at least in part on ground;
- two and only two supporting legs (5,6), at the position at and side interval different at two the support top is placed in Ring (3) with it is described intersect be connected between bottom (4) and with both so that the support top loop is vertically superimposed upon described Intersect bottom on and certain distance with interval, due to it is described support top loop (3) with it is described intersect vertically limit between bottom (4) Collection space (S) is determined, be used for can for the element without the pedestal and the collection space (S) in the collection space (S) Movably accommodate the detachable and/or collection group of the fabric produced by the knitting circular knitting machine, two supporting legs (5, 6) it is arranged to corresponding to the support top loop and the friendship according to the mode for laterally delimiting the collection space (S) boundary The both sides at fork bottom.
2. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 1, including the detachable and/or collection group (30) is described detachable And/or collection group (30) is removably mounted to the pedestal (2) and/or the needle bearing element (Ο) and is placed in position In support top loop (3) with the collection space (S) intersected between bottom (4), described detachable and/or collection Group is arranged to securely as the needle bearing element (Ο) rotates together around the central axial line (A), and/or Wherein described detachable and/or collection group includes gathering element (31), and the gathering element (31) is with the shape for collecting roller It is configured to and is pre-configured to and open and launch, the fabric (T) produced by the knitting circular knitting machine is with form of single sheet and continuous Ground collects fabric (T) on roller wound on described, and/or wherein described detachable and/or collection group (30) is including cutting structure Part, the cutting element cuts open the tubing produced by the knitting circular knitting machine, for according to by fabric with form of single sheet volume The mode being wound on the collection roller opens tubing, and/or wherein described support top loop (3) and the central axial line It is coaxial.
3. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the detachable and/or collection group only includes one and collects Element (31).
4. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the gathering element (31) is configured to and is pre-configured with The fabric (T) produced by the knitting circular knitting machine is opened and launches into by pulling from the needle bearing element.
5. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) substantially vertically extend And support top loop (3) is configured to securely support, and/or two supporting legs of wherein described pedestal are along fore-and-aft plane (P) align, and the central axial line (A) of the needle bearing element is parallel to the fore-and-aft plane, and/or it is wherein described vertical It is substantially upright to plane (P), and/or wherein described two supporting legs are according to the equal angle for forming two 180 ° therebetween Mode is alignd along the fore-and-aft plane (P).
6. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the central axial line (A) position of the needle bearing element In the fore-and-aft plane.
7. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the knitting circular knitting machine has total length and overall width, institute State the size that total length is defined as along the fore-and-aft plane (P), the fore-and-aft plane (P) by two supporting legs (5,6) Externally delimitate, the overall width is defined as the knitting circular knitting machine on the direction vertical with the fore-and-aft plane Size, the total length and the overall width limit the largest contours of the knitting circular knitting machine, and/or wherein described two supports First supporting leg (5) of leg vertically extends between lower end (5a) and corresponding upper end (5b), and the lower end (5a) is connected And the first installation part (4a) at the intersection bottom is installed to, the upper end (5b) is connected and is installed in the support Portion's ring (3), and/or the Article 2 supporting leg (6) of wherein described two supporting legs another lower end (6a) with it is corresponding it is another on Vertically extend between end (6b), another lower end (6a) is connected and is installed to installing with described first for the intersection bottom Partly (4a) relative the second mounting portion (4b), another upper end (6b) is relative with first supporting leg (5) Position is connected and is installed to support top loop (3), and/or wherein described first supporting leg (5) and described second Bar supporting leg (6) is substantially identical to each other.
8. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein first supporting leg (5) and the Article 2 are supported Leg (6) has identical height between corresponding lower end and corresponding upper end.
9. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) with the fore-and-aft plane (P) there is the width less than 100cm in vertical direction.
10. knitting circular knitting machine (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width less than 75cm in the vertical direction in face (P).
11. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width less than 50cm in the vertical direction in face (P).
12. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width less than 25cm in the vertical direction in face (P).
13. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width more than 10cm in the vertical direction in face.
14. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width more than 15cm in the vertical direction in face (P).
15. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs (5,6) flat with the longitudinal direction There is the width more than 20cm in the vertical direction in face (P).
16. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, two supporting legs are limited in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Side symmetrically extends in two fixed half-planes.
17. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is described including middle body (4c) Middle body (4c) extends and by the needle roller between the first installation part (4a) and second mounting portion (4b) The central axial line (A) of bearing element is passed through from central authorities.
18. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 17, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) also includes a lateral parts (7a, 7b), one lateral parts (7a, 7b) be firmly constrained to middle body (4c) and with the middle body (4c) It is coplanar, and in the central portion in two opposite half planes of the fore-and-aft plane (P) relative to the knitting circular knitting machine The opposite sides divided is extended.
19. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 18, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) also includes more than one side Partly (7a, 7b), the more than one lateral parts (7a, 7b) be firmly constrained to middle body (4c) and with it is described in Centre part (4c) it is coplanar, and in two opposite half planes of the fore-and-aft plane (P) relative to the knitting circular knitting machine The opposite sides of the middle body is extended.
20. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the pedestal (2) knot of the entirety with closed polygon Structure, the overall structure extends on the fore-and-aft plane (P), and its top is made up of support top loop (3), below by described Intersect bottom (4) constitute, two sides by two supporting legs (5,6) constitute.
21. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the polygon is the rectangle for having four edges.
22. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the pedestal (2) with portal structure, the portal Structure upper limits boundary by the support top loop, and bottom is delimited by the intersection lowest limit, and side is by described two supports Leg limits boundary, so as to the fore-and-aft plane (P) direction laterally and vertically on limit open access, two supports Leg limits the boundary of open access along the fore-and-aft plane, and the open access accommodates the detachable and/or collection group (30)。
23. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the overall width of the pedestal of the knitting circular knitting machine is less than 230cm。
24. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element has more than 24 inches Diameter.
25. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element has more than 26 inches Diameter.
26. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element has more than 30 inches Diameter.
27. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element has more than 36 inches Diameter.
28. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element has more than 40 inches Diameter.
29. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 20, wherein, the needle bearing element is syringe.
30. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in have at least equal to two supporting legs (5,6) width side extend.
31. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 30, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is true in the fore-and-aft plane (P) The side with substantially equal to described needle bearing element (Ο) extends or equal to the needle roller axle in a fixed half-plane The side for holding the diameter of element extends.
32. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 31, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is true in the fore-and-aft plane (P) There is the side that the side of substantially equal to described support top loop (3) extends to extend in a fixed half-plane.
33. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 10cm.
34. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 20cm.
35. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 40cm.
36. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 60cm.
37. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 80cm.
38. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) A half-plane in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 100cm.
39. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in be respectively provided with the side of width at least equal to two supporting legs (5,6) and extend.
40. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 39, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is true in the fore-and-aft plane (P) The side that substantially equal to described needle bearing element (Ο) is respectively provided with two fixed half-planes extends or equal to the needle roller The side of the diameter of bearing element extends.
41. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 39, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is true in the fore-and-aft plane (P) The side extension that the side of substantially equal to described support top loop (3) extends is respectively provided with two fixed half-planes.
42. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 10cm.
43. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 20cm.
44. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 40cm.
45. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 60cm.
46. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 80cm.
47. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) determines in the fore-and-aft plane (P) Two half-planes in beyond two supporting legs (5,6) lateral width to side extend at least 100cm.
48. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is being hung down with the fore-and-aft plane (P) There is the corresponding overall width more than 50cm in straight direction.
49. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is being hung down with the fore-and-aft plane (P) There is the corresponding overall width more than 100cm in straight direction.
50. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is being hung down with the fore-and-aft plane (P) There is the corresponding overall width more than 150cm in straight direction.
51. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the intersection bottom (4) is being hung down with the fore-and-aft plane (P) There is the corresponding overall width more than 200cm in straight direction.
52. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the size of the side of the intersection bottom (4) is relative to institute State fore-and-aft plane (P) symmetrical.
53. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 18, wherein, the corresponding width of the intersection bottom (4) is defined as The overall side size of (4) two lateral parts in the intersection bottom.
54. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein, the pedestal (2) includes extra holding ring (8), institute State holding ring (8) and be installed to the upper of two supporting legs (5,6) relative to the relatively low position of support top loop (3) End (5b, 6b).
55. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein, the extra holding ring (8) with medium pore, by Fabric (T) that the knitting circular knitting machine is produced and from the needle bearing element is gradually dropped into described through the medium pore In collection space (S).
56. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein the needle bearing element (Ο) is syringe or dials.
57. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein the pedestal (2) is real relative to the fore-and-aft plane (P) It is symmetrical in matter.
58. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein whole knitting circular knitting machine is relative to the fore-and-aft plane (P) virtual symmetry.
59. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein the knitting circular knitting machine (1) is single needle bed-type or crosspointer Bed-type.
60. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 54, wherein the pedestal (2) includes extra holding ring (8), institute State holding ring (8) to be installed to two supporting legs (5, upper end (5b, 6b) 6) is coaxial with support top loop (3).
61. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein, (5, every supporting leg 6) is equal for two supporting legs Including respective vertical extension vertical part (11,12) and respective horizontal-extending horizontal part (13, it is 14), described perpendicular Straight member (11, bottom 12) shows the lower end (5a, 6a) of two supporting legs, and the horizontal part (13,14) The upper end (5b, 6b) of every supporting leg is terminated in, each horizontal part is at its end relative with support top loop (3) It is strongly attached to the top of corresponding vertical part so that every supporting leg has angled construction or L-shape configuration.
62. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 61, wherein described two horizontal parts (13,14) in each is horizontal To part relative to it is described support top loop (3) be laterally away from corresponding supporting leg vertical part (11,12), to increase State extension of the collection space (S) on the fore-and-aft plane (P) direction, and two horizontal parts (13,14) it is placed in the collection The top in space, and two vertical parts (11,12) it is placed in the both sides of the collection space, and/or wherein described pedestal (2) bag Include the collection space (S) at least one closing cage (15,16,17,18), it is described at least one closing cage (15,16,17, 18) at least one supporting leg that is removably mounted in the supporting leg (5,6) is simultaneously arranged to relative to described vertical The collection space is closed to planar side, at least one cage is placed in the side of the collection space and beyond the friendship The side of fork bottom (4) extends.
63. knitting circular knitting machines (1) as claimed in claim 62, wherein at least one cage (15,16,17,18) at least exist The pedestal is removably mounted between closed configuration and opening configuration, at least one cage is in the closed configuration Collection space described in entry deterrence, allows relative to the fore-and-aft plane (P) laterally into described in the opening configuration Collection space (S).
CN201310470706.XA 2013-05-28 2013-10-10 Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with a base-frame having a reduced size Active CN104178906B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT000076A ITBS20130076A1 (en) 2013-05-28 2013-05-28 CIRCULAR TEXTILE MACHINE FOR KNITWEAR TYPE ¿OPEN¿ WITH BASE WITH REDUCED DIMENSIONS
ITBS2013A000076 2013-05-28

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104178906A CN104178906A (en) 2014-12-03
CN104178906B true CN104178906B (en) 2017-04-12

Family

ID=48793372

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310470706.XA Active CN104178906B (en) 2013-05-28 2013-10-10 Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with a base-frame having a reduced size

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP3004439B1 (en)
CN (1) CN104178906B (en)
IT (1) ITBS20130076A1 (en)
TR (1) TR201902779T4 (en)
TW (1) TWI670401B (en)
WO (1) WO2014191864A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102015107958A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Sipra Patententwicklungs- Und Beteiligungsgesellschaft Mbh Stoffaufwickelvorrichtung
CN104891169B (en) * 2015-05-29 2017-03-08 浙江叶晓针织机械有限公司 Grabbing device for tubular stocking machine
ITUB20155508A1 (en) * 2015-11-12 2017-05-12 Santoni & C Spa "Open" type circular knitting textile machine for open and variable width production of the fabric with a fabric pulling and / or gathering unit
CN109943968B (en) * 2017-12-21 2020-08-11 佰龙(湖北)精密机械有限公司 Frame assembly of cloth slitting machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6000246A (en) * 1998-06-02 1999-12-14 Hsieh; Wen-Bin Stepless speed change type cloth take-up device for a circular knitting machine
CN201729958U (en) * 2010-05-25 2011-02-02 张博田 Constant pull drawing cloth rolling device
CN201942349U (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-08-24 陈国标 Full-computerized numerical control circular knitting machine drawing and rolling mechanism
CN202272540U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-06-13 浙江欣君成服饰有限公司 Cloth rolling device for circular knitting machine
EP2546401A1 (en) * 2011-07-13 2013-01-16 Precision Fukuhara Works, Ltd. Method of and device for controlling fabric take-up in electronic pattern knitting machine

Family Cites Families (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1585401A1 (en) * 1963-09-14 1969-09-25 Terrot Soehne & Co C Frame for circular knitting machines
ES363632A1 (en) * 1969-02-06 1970-12-16 Telares Circulares Circular knitting machine
US3859822A (en) * 1973-09-17 1975-01-14 Singer Co Split support frame for circular knitting machines
FR2661925B1 (en) 1990-05-10 1993-07-02 Legay Alain METHOD FOR STORING A KNITTING OUT OF A KNITTED CIRCULAR MATERIAL AND MATERIAL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHOD.
IT1252504B (en) 1991-09-23 1995-06-19 Vignoni Srl PIECE WRAPPING MACHINES FOR CIRCULAR KNITTING MACHINES
JPH0860501A (en) 1994-08-08 1996-03-05 Fukuhara Seiki Seisakusho:Kk Device for opening and winding up knitted fabric and circular knitting machine having the same
US5649435A (en) * 1995-11-07 1997-07-22 Union Underwear Company, Inc. Circular knitting machine with replaceable knitting head
IT1309184B1 (en) 1999-02-23 2002-01-16 Vignoni Srl PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT TO RELAX AND COLLECT A KNITTED FABRIC PRODUCED BY CIRCULAR TEXTILE MACHINES.
DE10120736C1 (en) 2001-04-25 2003-02-13 Sipra Patent Beteiligung Circular knitting machine
DE10218221A1 (en) * 2002-04-22 2003-10-30 Sipra Patent Beteiligung Circular knitting machine and suitable protective device
EP1888828A1 (en) * 2005-05-11 2008-02-20 Amtek, Spol. S.R.O. Circular knitting machine with a device for knitwork wide drawing-off
TWI312382B (en) * 2005-12-27 2009-07-21
TWM316268U (en) * 2007-01-17 2007-08-01 Ren-Yue Ke Platform structure of dual arm knitting machine
KR20090038596A (en) * 2007-10-16 2009-04-21 쌍용기계공업주식회사 A apparatus for collecting aknitted fabric produced by circular knitting machines
DE102007063339A1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2009-06-25 Sipra Patententwicklungs- Und Beteiligungsgesellschaft Mbh Circular knitting machine with a rotatable cutting knife for separating a fabric tube
IT1396191B1 (en) * 2009-10-07 2012-11-16 Santoni & C Spa WRAPPING DEVICE FOR THE WINDING OF A FABRIC OR KNITTING STRIPE OR SIMILAR ON A ROLLER, PARTICULARLY FOR CIRCULAR KNITTING MACHINES.

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6000246A (en) * 1998-06-02 1999-12-14 Hsieh; Wen-Bin Stepless speed change type cloth take-up device for a circular knitting machine
CN201729958U (en) * 2010-05-25 2011-02-02 张博田 Constant pull drawing cloth rolling device
CN201942349U (en) * 2010-11-15 2011-08-24 陈国标 Full-computerized numerical control circular knitting machine drawing and rolling mechanism
EP2546401A1 (en) * 2011-07-13 2013-01-16 Precision Fukuhara Works, Ltd. Method of and device for controlling fabric take-up in electronic pattern knitting machine
CN202272540U (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-06-13 浙江欣君成服饰有限公司 Cloth rolling device for circular knitting machine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104178906A (en) 2014-12-03
BR112015029846A2 (en) 2017-07-25
TWI670401B (en) 2019-09-01
EP3004439A1 (en) 2016-04-13
EP3004439B1 (en) 2018-11-28
WO2014191864A1 (en) 2014-12-04
TW201510305A (en) 2015-03-16
ITBS20130076A1 (en) 2014-11-29
TR201902779T4 (en) 2019-03-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104178906B (en) Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with a base-frame having a reduced size
EP1683908B1 (en) Device and method which are used to load flat articles of clothing into a laundry treatment unit
US20070000158A1 (en) Apparatus and method for loading flat articles of clothing into a laundry processing unit
CN107635899A (en) For sprawling the machine of fabric
CN106508300A (en) Bale wrapper
CN104178905B (en) Open-type circular knitting machine for knitwear with take-down and/or collecting group of the fabric
CN104178907B (en) The fabric of open type knitting circular knitting machine is detachable and/or the tension roller of collection group
CN107574598A (en) A kind of carpet bayonet machine
CN109720996A (en) A kind of cable wire uniform winding mechanism of high stable hoisting apparatus
CN104178908A (en) Fabric detachable and/or collecting set of open type knitting machine for knitting wares
CN109704206A (en) A kind of high stable hoisting apparatus
CN107326643A (en) A kind of modified form produces clothes fabric cutter
JP2013233118A (en) Winding and spreading apparatus for covering material
CN202046448U (en) Banding machine
JP6030500B2 (en) Coating material winding and unfolding device
CN201040846Y (en) Drain pipe textile fabric filter layer external wrapping machine cladding machine
CN207142446U (en) A kind of wear-resistant filter cloth lapping machine
CN104828276B (en) One is involved in type and receives fruit boxing apparatus
CN109704212A (en) A kind of adjustable winding mechanism of high stable hoisting apparatus
CN208698073U (en) One kind putting bag and cuts a bag integral type grooving machine
US3776541A (en) Cloth folding machine
CN107777420A (en) A kind of tension adjustable batcher
CN209407296U (en) A kind of device and kitting robot for mesh braiding
CN209161061U (en) Coiler
CN210763455U (en) Cloth feeding device of warp knitting cloth slitting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant