CN104096492B - The blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method - Google Patents

The blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104096492B
CN104096492B CN201410340716.6A CN201410340716A CN104096492B CN 104096492 B CN104096492 B CN 104096492B CN 201410340716 A CN201410340716 A CN 201410340716A CN 104096492 B CN104096492 B CN 104096492B
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storage bin
dispersal device
switching valve
mixing
materials
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CN104096492A (en
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罗立善
钟利华
尹籽言
刘绍荣
陈如意
唐志才
邓建林
余敏
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Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou Times New Material Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method.To hold concurrently mixing and the blender of conveying function, comprise storage bin, the helical feeder be arranged in storage bin, the dispersal device being arranged on helical feeder upper end, discharging opening and be arranged on the switching valve of discharge outlet.Mixing of materials and carrying method, install helical feeder in storage bin, utilizes spiral vibrating material loading principle up to be carried by material, evenly scattered in storage bin by dispersal device; In the upper end discharge outlet of helical feeder, switching valve is installed; Realize the object material mixed being delivered directly to packaging facilities.The present invention can reduce equipment investment, and its mixed effect is better, weares and teares less, and the product mixed can be delivered in packaging facilities further.Energy consumption is low, rub little, thus equipment attrition is little.Can reduce the energy consumption of more than 80% under equal production volume condition, and the wearing and tearing of equipment reduce by more than 95%.

Description

The blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method
Technical field
The invention belongs to granule product processing technique field, be specifically related to the blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method.
Background technology
General quantity-produced granule product all will through mixed once operation, to guarantee the homogeneity of product quality, material adds in a blender by conveying equipment by prior art usually, add in packaging facilities by conveying equipment again after having mixed, this process need is by 2 conveyings, 1 mixed process, and process is complicated and energy consumption is large.
In prior art, notification number is that the Chinese patent of CN202784661U discloses a kind of spiral vibrating feeder, comprises a base; One is fixed on the longitudinal bracing post on base; One is set in support column outside and the mass transport groove risen in the shape of a spiral along its axis; One Power Drive Unit being fixed in mass transport groove top; Power Drive Unit comprises motor cabinet and is arranged on two vibrating motors of motor cabinet both sides, and motor cabinet is connected to the top of support column by Flexible Connector, and the bottom of mass transport groove is connected on base by Flexible Connector.Publication number is that CN101966733A discloses a kind of double-screw extruding-pelletizing production finished product mixing apparatus; all be furnished with at the port of export of every bar production line pelleter and blow material machine; the charge door blowing material machine is relative with the discharging opening of pelleter, and the discharging opening that every platform blows material machine is all communicated with the cavity volume of mixing machine by conduit.Application number is that the invention " helical feeder " of CN200620043107 discloses a kind of helical feeder, which is provided with loader outlet and pellet import, comprise frame, spiral loading plate, vibrating motor and catch tray, described loader outlet is arranged on spiral loading plate top, the base plate of said spiral loading plate is provided with sorting hole, described catch tray is fixedly installed on the below of the orlop base plate of spiral loading plate, so that separated powder or granule material grain.
The said equipment all only has the function of material loading or mixing, and cannot realize by an equipment by the mixing of material be transported to next process and complete simultaneously.And when increasing conveying equipment in addition, the pipeline between batch mixer and conveying equipment and material produce and rub, serious wear, causes maintenance cost high, and after wearing and tearing, transfer efficiency obviously reduces; Metal impurities after wearing and tearing are mixed in finished product, are difficult to be separated, and easily produce quality problems; In addition 2 complete equipments run, and produce the energy consumption expended also higher.Therefore be necessary to research and develop a kind of have transport material to blender, complete batch mixing and by the blender of the complete mass transport of mixing to multiple functions such as next process such as such as packaging facilities, to meet the needs of actual production.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, provide the blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method, conveying is united two into one with the function mixed, material can be scattered at storage bin uniformly, and granule product is delivered directly to packaging facilities.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows: the blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function, comprise storage bin, the helical feeder be arranged in storage bin, it is characterized in that, also comprise be arranged on helical feeder upper end dispersal device, be positioned at the discharging opening of helical feeder upper end and be arranged on the switching valve of discharge outlet.
Described dispersal device is cap-like structure or the funnel-shaped structure that falls, and dispersal device is covered with aperture (part near dispersal device top does not establish aperture).
Further, the top of described dispersal device and vibrator feeder welded top; The profile of described dispersal device is truncated cone-shaped, and the angle of its bus and vertical line is 30 °-60 °, and its upper bottom surface and bottom surface are sky, and its side lower middle portion is covered with aperture, and described hole diameter is 5-10mm, and aperture is stagger arrangement arrangement.
The blender of described double mixing and conveying function also comprises high charge level meter and low level-sensing device, and described high charge level meter is arranged on the position near storage bin upper end, and described low level-sensing device is arranged on the position near storage bin lower end.
The blender of described double mixing and conveying function also comprises the feedback port being arranged on main receiver below storage bin and auxiliary receiver, being arranged on storage bin lower end; The lower end of described helical feeder is stretched out below storage bin, and described main receiver is connected helical feeder lower end with auxiliary receiver; Described feedback port is positioned at the top of main receiver.
The blender of described double mixing and conveying function also comprises intelligent controller, for realizing the automatic control of mixing of materials and conveying; Switching valve adopts automatic electromagnetic valve; Described automatic electromagnetic valve, vibrator feeder, high charge level meter, low level-sensing device are all electrically connected with intelligent controller.
A kind of mixing of materials and carrying method, in storage bin, helical feeder is installed, spiral vibrating material loading principle is utilized up to be carried by material, a foraminate hat shape dispersal device of band is installed on the top of helical feeder, and being equipped with by the arrangement mode to the angle of inclination of dispersal device, the shape size of aperture and aperture, allow and carry the material that comes up through dispersal device and evenly can scatter in storage bin from aperture, thus reach and make the mixed uniformly object of material;
Helical feeder upper end the discharging opening that leads to packaging facilities is set, and discharge outlet install switching valve; When the material in storage bin does not arrive predetermined altitude, switching valve is in closed condition, and material overflows from dispersal device, dispersedly scatters in storage bin; When the material in storage bin arrives predetermined altitude, switching valve is opened, and material enters in packaging facilities along discharging opening, thus realizes the object material mixed being delivered directly to packaging facilities.
Described mixing of materials and carrying method, comprise the steps:
The step of helical feeder up convey materials;
Under switching valve closed condition, material evenly scatters the step in storage bin through dispersal device;
The step that the material scattered and new production material out mixes again;
The switching valve of the material mixed through opening enters the step in packaging facilities along discharging opening;
The step that material is closed again lower than switching valve during low material level;
High charge level be set at the position near storage bin upper end and high charge level meter is installed, low material level be set at the position near storage bin lower end and low level-sensing device is installed; Arrange feedback port and the main receiver being connected helical feeder lower end in storage bin lower end, feedback port is positioned at the top of main receiver; Material enters vibration feeding device from main receiver, under the effect of motor oscillating power, be transported to top by helical feeder; When the material in storage bin does not reach high charge level, switching valve is in closed condition always, and material overflows from dispersal device, dispersedly scatters in storage bin; Feedback port is in open state in whole service process always, and the material scattered in storage bin drops in main receiver again through feedback port from storage bin, again produces continuous immixture with new production material out; When material arrives high charge level, switching valve is opened, and material enters in packaging facilities along discharging opening; When material is lower than low material level, switching valve cuts out again, repeats above step.
Further, dispersal device is arranged to cap-like structure that profile is truncated cone-shaped or falls funnel-shaped structure, its upper bottom surface and bottom surface are sky, and the angle arranging its bus and vertical line is 30 °-60 °; On dispersal device, stagger arrangement is arranged some apertures (not establishing aperture near the part at dispersal device top), and quite, hole diameter is set to 5-10mm for aperture size and material particle; When entering mixed processes, material overflows from vibrator feeder top, and down moving in the surface along dispersal device, evenly scatters from aperture, falls in storage bin.
Can also be that switching valve by cylinder or Electronic control, and manually can adjust according to material level situation; Dispersal device adopts removably to be arranged on vibrator feeder top; According to different materials, the dispersal device of relative set number of different types in advance; According to the needs of mixed material, change and install the dispersal device matched.
The present invention utilizes spiral vibrating material loading principle to carry, pass through specialized designs, the basis of conveying function increases mixed function, good mixed effect can be reached, and the product mixed can be delivered in packaging facilities further, can reduce equipment investment, its mixed effect is better, wear and tear less, and the product mixed can be delivered in packaging facilities further.Energy consumption of the present invention is low, makes full use of screw feeding machine energy consumption low, and conveying and mixing apparatus unite two into one by the feature that output is high.Wear and tear little, during conveying, the material speed of service is low, and without any the process of Forced Mixing, rub little, thus equipment attrition is little.By switching valve, can mix and conveying by manual control, this equipment can reduce the energy consumption of more than 80% under equal production volume condition, and the wearing and tearing of equipment reduce by more than 95%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 the present invention holds concurrently and mixes the structural representation with the blender of conveying function.
Description of reference numerals: 1, main receiver, 2, feedback port, 3, dispersal device, 4, switching valve, 5, discharging opening, 6 high charge level meters, 7 low level-sensing devices, 8, auxiliary receiver, 9, helical feeder, 10, storage bin.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a blender for double mixing and conveying function, comprise storage bin 10, the helical feeder 9 be arranged in storage bin, be arranged on helical feeder upper end dispersal device 3, be arranged on main receiver 1 below storage bin and auxiliary receiver 8, the feedback port 2 being arranged on storage bin lower end, the discharging opening 5 being positioned at helical feeder upper end, the switching valve 4 being arranged on discharge outlet and high charge level meter 6, low level-sensing device 7.Described high charge level meter is arranged on the position near storage bin upper end, and described low level-sensing device is arranged on the position near storage bin lower end.
This mixing of holding concurrently can be divided into two major parts with the blender of conveying function, a part is main realizes conveying and mixed function, comprise main receiver 1, helical feeder 9, dispersal device 3, switching valve 4, discharging opening 5, auxiliary receiver 8, another part mainly realizes storing function, comprise feedback port 2, storage bin 10, two parts are spaced from each other, and transport portion is wrapped in inside by storing part.
Description of the process: normal quantity-produced material enters in vibration feeding device by main receiver, top is transported to by helical feeder under the effect of motor oscillating power, switching valve is installed above, when material does not reach before high charge level, switching valve is in closed condition always, material then overflows from dispersal device, dispersedly scatter in storage bin, and feedback port is in open state in whole service process always, material drops in main receiver again from storage bin, continuous immixture is again produced with new production material out, when material arrives high charge level, switching valve is opened, material enters in packaging facilities along discharging opening, when material is lower than low material level, switching valve cuts out again, repeat above step.
The present invention utilizes the advantage that helical feed mode output is high, energy consumption is low, by designing cleverly, conveying is united two into one with the function mixed, and a switching valve is installed, can mix and conveying by manual control, this equipment can reduce the energy consumption of more than 80% under equal production volume condition, and the wearing and tearing of equipment reduce by more than 95%.Solve product in prior art by modified node method and cannot be delivered directly to the problem of packaging facilities.
The dispersal device at helical feeder top is by rational angle design, and poroid design, makes material scatter at storage bin uniformly, thus reaches the uniform object of material.According to different materials, dispersal device correspondingly can be provided with number of different types, to tackle various material of different nature and various different working condition; Dispersal device is detachably arranged on vibrator feeder top, and dispersal device can be replaced.
Below dispersal device is described further.Dispersal device is a kind of cap-like structure (also can be down funnel-shaped structure), and its top and vibrator feeder welded top are fixed, and its connecting portion is higher than discharging opening position and lower than vibrator feeder top.As required, also can adopt detachable mode of installing, can dissimilar dispersal device be changed, to adapt to the mixing of different material better.Dispersal device side lower middle portion is covered with aperture, does not establish aperture, in case material is missed too early near the side at dispersal device top.Orifice size is 5-10mm (diameter), suitable with material particles size, and aperture is stagger arrangement arrangement.Bus on the frustoconical exterior surface of dispersal device and the angle of vertical line are 30 °-60 ° (i.e. the laterally inclined angles of dispersal device); Its upper bottom surface and bottom surface are sky.When entering mixed processes, material overflows from vibrator feeder top, and material particle falls from dispersal device, and because aperture arrangement designs with the reasonable coordination of angle, particle can evenly scatter, and falls in storage bin.
Batch mixing is that the material first produced mixes with rear production material.Because material is quantity-produced, due to material uniformity and equipment error, there is some difference for the material of each time point, but the difference of a time period is less, when product requirement is higher, series products of such as matching colors, requires that color is more stable, therefore need the product of a time period to mix, guarantee the stable of quality.
Storage bin of the present invention is provided with high charge level and low material level.Low material level is generally the 20-30% of tank capacity, and high charge level is 50-80%.
The switch of switching valve can realize like this: switching valve by cylinder or Electronic control, manually can adjust according to material level situation, and when arriving high charge level, valve opening discharging, when discharging arrives low material level, stops discharging.
The present invention holds concurrently and mixes the blender with conveying function, and utilize spiral vibrating material loading principle to carry, by specialized designs, its mixed effect is better, weares and teares less, and the product mixed can be delivered in packaging facilities further.The present invention proposes a kind of brand-new thinking, utilize a set of conveyer and a storage bin, complete second-pumping and mixed once process, change the tradition that current device function ratio is more single, greatly can reduce energy consumption, reduce equipment loss, improve efficiency of energy utilization, for " resource-conserving ", society makes positive contribution.
The present invention by adopting intelligent controller or computer and associated components, can also be controlled by electrical control means or computer program, realizing the automatic control to whole mixing of materials and conveying.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., be all included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a mixing of materials and carrying method, it is characterized in that, in storage bin, helical feeder is installed, spiral vibrating material loading principle is utilized up to be carried by material, a foraminate hat shape dispersal device of band is installed on the top of helical feeder, and being equipped with by the arrangement mode to the angle of inclination of dispersal device, the shape size of aperture and aperture, allow and carry the material that comes up through dispersal device and evenly can scatter in storage bin from aperture, thus reach and make the mixed uniformly object of material;
Helical feeder upper end the discharging opening that leads to packaging facilities is set, and discharge outlet install switching valve; When the material in storage bin does not arrive predetermined altitude, switching valve is in closed condition, and material overflows from dispersal device, dispersedly scatters in storage bin; When the material in storage bin arrives predetermined altitude, switching valve is opened, and material enters in packaging facilities along discharging opening, thus realizes the object material mixed being delivered directly to packaging facilities;
Described mixing of materials and carrying method comprise the steps:
The step of helical feeder up convey materials;
Under switching valve closed condition, material evenly scatters the step in storage bin through dispersal device;
The step that the material scattered and new production material out mixes again;
The switching valve of the material mixed through opening enters the step in packaging facilities along discharging opening;
The step that material is closed again lower than switching valve during low material level;
High charge level be set at the position near storage bin upper end and high charge level meter is installed, low material level be set at the position near storage bin lower end and low level-sensing device is installed; Arrange feedback port and the main receiver being connected helical feeder lower end in storage bin lower end, feedback port is positioned at the top of main receiver; Material enters vibration feeding device from main receiver, under the effect of motor oscillating power, be transported to top by helical feeder; When the material in storage bin does not reach high charge level, switching valve is in closed condition always, and material overflows from dispersal device, dispersedly scatters in storage bin; Feedback port is in open state in whole service process always, and the material scattered in storage bin drops in main receiver again through feedback port from storage bin, again produces continuous immixture with new production material out; When material arrives high charge level, switching valve is opened, and material enters in packaging facilities along discharging opening; When material is lower than low material level, switching valve cuts out again, repeats above step.
2. mixing of materials according to claim 1 and carrying method, it is characterized in that, dispersal device is arranged to cap-like structure that profile is truncated cone-shaped or falls funnel-shaped structure, its upper bottom surface and bottom surface are sky, and the angle arranging its bus and vertical line is 30 °-60 °; On dispersal device, stagger arrangement is arranged some apertures, and aperture size is suitable with material particle, and hole diameter is set to 5-10mm; When entering mixed processes, material overflows from vibrator feeder top, and down moving in the surface along dispersal device, evenly scatters from aperture, falls in storage bin.
3. mixing of materials according to claim 1 and carrying method, is characterized in that, described switching valve, by cylinder or Electronic control, manually can adjust according to material level situation; Dispersal device adopts removably to be arranged on vibrator feeder top; According to different materials, the dispersal device of relative set number of different types in advance; According to the needs of mixed material, change and install the dispersal device matched.
CN201410340716.6A 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 The blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function and mixing of materials and carrying method Active CN104096492B (en)

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CN111821187A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-27 山东明仁福瑞达制药股份有限公司 Traditional Chinese medicine extract powder granulating system and method for treating cervical spondylosis
CN112774553B (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-08-30 成都希福生物科技有限公司 Ice powder batching device and batching method

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US4057225A (en) * 1976-07-14 1977-11-08 Esm Inc. Screw feeder for granular material
CN201164795Y (en) * 2007-11-05 2008-12-17 比亚迪股份有限公司 Pellet homogenization device
CN203610068U (en) * 2013-11-09 2014-05-28 天水天宝塑业有限责任公司 Automatic material loading and mixing device
CN203944305U (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-11-19 株洲时代新材料科技股份有限公司 The blender of a kind of double mixing and conveying function

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