CN104029068B - Large parts processing pump positioning means of alignment and positioning method - Google Patents

Large parts processing pump positioning means of alignment and positioning method Download PDF

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CN104029068B
CN104029068B CN201410277746.7A CN201410277746A CN104029068B CN 104029068 B CN104029068 B CN 104029068B CN 201410277746 A CN201410277746 A CN 201410277746A CN 104029068 B CN104029068 B CN 104029068B
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positioning
folding
li
rod
alignment
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CN201410277746.7A
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CN104029068A (en
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李强
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李强
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Abstract

本发明公开了大型泵体类零件加工的找正定位装置及定位方法,该装置包括支撑杆和位于支撑杆下方的底座,支撑杆上连接三组定位装置,每组定位装置套装在支撑杆上,定位装置包含设有刻度的定位杆,定位杆上安装有激光测距装置,支撑杆上设有外螺纹,定位杆上设有与外螺纹配合的螺纹孔,螺纹孔周围刻有与螺纹孔同心的角刻度,支撑杆上刻有零刻度。 The present invention discloses a large pump parts processing of alignment and positioning method of the positioning apparatus, the apparatus comprising a support bar and a support rod positioned beneath the base, three sets of positioning means connected to the support bar, the support rod in each set pointing device the positioning means comprises a positioning rod is provided with a scale, the positioning rod is mounted a laser distance measuring device, provided with an external thread on the rod, the positioning rod is provided with a threaded hole engaged with the external thread, around the screw hole and the threaded hole carved concentric angular scale, zero scale engraved on the support rods. 定位装置具体包括第一折叠杆、第二折叠杆、拨动机构和锁紧搭钩。 Positioning means comprises a first folding lever, second folding lever, a toggle mechanism and a locking hook. 本发明的装置可保证多组加工要素同时找正定位,避免了大型泵体类工件反复找正定位;本发明的定位方法,操作简单,并能从更大程度上保证各孔轴线之间的平行度和精确度要求,提高了泵体的加工质量。 The apparatus of the present invention ensures many group elements while positioning alignment, the pump body to avoid large workpieces repeated alignment location; positioning method of the present invention, simple operation, and from a greater degree of assurance between the bore axis parallelism and accuracy requirements, improve the processing quality of the pump body.

Description

大型泵体类零件加工的找正定位装置及定位方法 Large parts processing pump positioning means of alignment and positioning method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种机械加工的定位装置及其定位方法,具体涉及大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置及定位方法。 [0001] relates to a machining apparatus and a positioning method for positioning the present invention, particularly involving large body parts processing Li alignment of the positioning device and positioning method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]国内大型水栗主要应用于水行业、能源领域、石油化工、钢铁行业,据统计,2012年国内市场大型水栗市场总销售额约40亿元。 [0002] large domestic water chestnut is mainly used in the water industry, energy, petrochemicals, iron and steel industry, according to statistics, in 2012 the total domestic market of large water chestnut market sales of about 40 billion yuan. 相应的,水栗市场的欣欣向荣也带动了一系列大型栗体制造业的发展。 Accordingly, the water chestnut thriving market also led to the development of a series of large chestnut body manufacturing. 经过企业、研究机构及高校的技术人员、专家学者的多年探索与研究,栗体零件的制造技术日趋成熟,栗体零件一般由铸造工艺成形,再经过后续的车、铣、磨等加工工序,一个合格的栗体零件才能投入产品的装配和使用。 After years of exploration and research enterprises, technical personnel research institutions and universities, experts and scholars, chestnut body parts manufacturing technology matures, chestnut body parts are generally formed by the casting process, and then through the subsequent turning, milling, grinding and other processing operations, a qualified chestnut body parts can be put into the assembly and use of the product.

[0003]然而,由于栗体铸造零件的型面复杂,各被加工面之间的相互位置精度要求多、精度高,使得栗体铸造零件在进行后续加工时,大型栗体零件的找正定位、装夹过程过于繁琐,且不易保证加工质量。 [0003] However, since the cast body Li complex profile parts, each mutual positional accuracy between the machined surface requirements, high precision, so that Li body during subsequent processing of the cast component, the alignment of positioning a large Li Parts , clamping process is too cumbersome, and difficult to ensure processing quality. 现有技术工艺方法一般为:起吊栗体铸件置于工作台的四爪卡盘上,先用百分表对其找正,然后用行车吊起栗体调整位置,再对其进行测量找正,如此反复直至误差缩小到规定的范围之内,故而操作极不方便。 The method of the prior art process is generally: Li lifting member cast placed on the table of four-jaw chuck, prior to its alignment with a dial indicator, and then lift the driving position adjusting member Li, and then subjected to measurement of alignment , and so forth until the error is reduced to within a prescribed range, and therefore the operation is very inconvenient. 并且,各孔轴线之间的平行度和精确性难以保证。 Further, the parallelism between the accuracy and the bore axis is difficult to guarantee. 本发明针对生产中存在的上述问题,结合生产加工中实际操作,公开了一种大型栗体的定位找正装置及方法,极大地减少了工件的找正、装夹时间,提高了生产效率和加工质量 The present invention addresses the above problems existing in the production, in conjunction with practical production and processing, a large, Li discloses a positioning body alignment apparatus and method greatly reduces the alignment of the workpiece, fixture time, and improve production efficiency processing quality

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]发明目的:为了克服现有技术中存在的不足,本发明提供一种大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置及定位方法,利用激光直线度好的特点,能够很简便的调整栗体的位置,结构巧妙,质量轻便。 [0004] Object of the invention: In order to overcome the disadvantages present in the prior art, the present invention provides a large body parts processing Li alignment of the positioning apparatus and a positioning method using a laser and good straightness, Li can be a very simple adjustment body position, structure ingenious, lightweight quality.

[0005]技术方案:为实现上述目的,本发明的一种大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,包括支撑杆和位于支撑杆下方的底座,所述支撑杆上连接三组定位装置,每组定位装置套装在支撑杆上,所述定位装置包含设有刻度的定位杆,定位杆上安装有激光测距装置,所述支撑杆上设有外螺纹,定位杆上设有与外螺纹配合的螺纹孔,螺纹孔周围刻有与螺纹孔同心的角刻度,支撑杆上刻有零刻度。 [0005] Technical Solution: To attain the above object, a large body of Li-based component of the invention processed alignment positioning means, comprising a support bar located below the base of the support bar, the support bar on the positioning means connected to three, positioning means on each package supporting rod, said positioning means comprises a positioning rod is provided with a scale, the laser distance measuring device mounted with the positioning rod, the support rod is provided with an external thread on the positioning rod is provided with an outer thread mating threaded hole, a threaded hole surrounded engraved angular scale with a threaded hole concentric zero scale engraved on the support rods.

[0006]作为优选,所述定位杆包括第一折叠杆和第二折叠杆,所述刻度和激光测距装置设置在第一折叠杆上,第二折叠杆通过螺纹孔套装在支撑杆上,第一折叠杆端部设有铰链支架,第一折叠杆通过铰链支架与第二折叠杆连接,第一折叠杆上设有拨动机构、锁紧搭钩和凸台,拨动机构固定在凸台上并可绕凸台转动,所述锁紧搭钩铰接在拨动机构上,所述第二折叠杆上设有底板凸台,拨动机构带动锁紧搭钩运动并咬合在底板凸台上。 [0006] Advantageously, the positioning lever comprises a first lever and a second folding folding lever, the scale and the laser distance measuring device a first folding rod is provided, by a second folding bar set screw hole on the support rod, the folded end portion is provided with a first lever of the hinge bracket, a first lever connected by a folding hinge bracket and a second folding lever, a first folding rod is provided with toggle mechanism, the locking hook and the boss, the toggle mechanism is fixed convex and the stage is rotated about the boss, the locking hook is articulated on the toggle mechanism, the second folding rod is provided with a boss plate, the toggle mechanism drives the locking hook and engaging the bottom plate motion boss on.

[0007]作为优选,所述支撑杆下部设有定位凸台,支撑杆底座延伸有定位轴。 [0007] Advantageously, the support bar is provided with a lower positioning boss, the base support bar extends positioning shaft.

[0008]作为优选,所述第二折叠杆以支撑杆为中心轴旋转360°时,第二折叠杆沿着支撑杆在竖直方向下降2mm,即支撑杆上螺纹的螺距是2mm。 [0008] Advantageously, the second folding lever when the central axis 360 °, the second folding lever lowered 2mm in vertical direction along the support rods, i.e. the pitch of the thread support bar is in the support bar to 2mm. 所述的第二折叠杆调整好之后无需其他零件辅助压紧,使其不绕支撑杆转动而影响定位效果,支撑杆外螺纹与第二折叠杆螺纹孔之间采用过渡配合,即转动时彼此间有相对较大的摩擦力,故而调整好角度后不容易再次发生偏折。 After good without adjusting the other parts of the second secondary latch folding lever, so that rotation of the support rod does not affect the positioning effect around the supporting rod between the external thread and the second threaded hole folding bars transition fit, i.e., rotated to one another friction between the relatively large, and therefore not likely to happen again adjust the deflection angle.

[0009] —种基于上述的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置的定位方法,包括以下步骤: [0009] - positioning method Species alignment of the positioning apparatus based on the large chestnut body parts processing, comprising the steps of:

[0010] a、根据图纸设计要求,在栗体铸件确定三个不在同一直线上的指定点; [0010] a, in accordance with the design requirements of the drawings, it is determined not aligned three specified points Li cast body;

[0011] b、将支撑杆底座定位轴置于工作台中心孔内,起吊栗体铸件置于工作台的四爪卡盘上,目测调整其初步正确位置,将支撑杆穿过栗体内孔旋入底座螺纹孔内至支撑杆定位凸台下端面与底座表面恰好接触,装置主体固定; [0011] b, the support rods positioned base central bore axis into the table, lifting Li cast body placed on the table of the four-jaw chuck, visually adjust its correct initial position, the support rod passing through the inner hole screwed Li into the threaded hole of the base support rods positioned to just touch the end face projecting the audience seating surface, the fixing device main body;

[0012] c、将第一折叠杆自下而上拉出至水平位置,将锁紧搭钩扣紧第二折叠杆的底板凸台,压下拨动机构,第一折叠杆锁紧固定; [0012] c, the first folding bottom-drawn rod to the horizontal position, the locking hook of the second base plate fastening boss folding bar, pressing the toggle mechanism, a first fixed folding lever lock;

[0013] d、将激光测距装置装在第一折叠杆上,根据栗体的设计要求,调整第二折叠杆整体偏置角度,调节激光测距装置的伸出距离,直至激光点调整至设计图纸所要求的特定位置,调整栗体铸件的位置将事先在栗体上找出的三个指定点与激光点重合调整结束。 [0013] d, the laser distance measuring device mounted on a first folding bar, depending on design requirements Li body, a second overall offset angle adjusting folding lever, adjusting the laser distance measuring device projects a distance, until the laser spot was adjusted to specific design drawings desired position, the adjustment member Li casting position Li in advance on three specified points of the body to find the laser spot coincides with the end of adjustment.

[0014]上述调整方法基于三点确定一平面的原理,当定位装置所在的平面与栗体上三点所在的平面互相平行时,进一步对栗体上其他点进行确认,沿着激光的定位的方向打孔,比如是垂直于该平面的孔,不会发生偏斜,提高加工精度。 [0014] The adjustment method based on the principle of a plane defined by three points, when the positioning device is located in a plane with the plane is located on the three o'clock Li body parallel to each other, further to other points on the body confirmed Li, positioned along the laser light puncturing direction, such as perpendicular to the plane of the aperture, the deflection does not occur, to improve the machining accuracy.

[0015]上述找正工作完成后,就可以调整四爪卡盘,夹紧栗体了。 [0015] After the above alignment is completed, can adjust the four-jaw chuck, the clamping member Li.

[0016]在步骤d中,激光测距装置最好替换为激光定距装置,同时既有定点又有垂直定距作用,保证被加工面不倾斜且与床身工作面平行,若被定位工件加工面不平行,则可在激光垂直定距数字指导下,在工件安装面加调整垫片,直至被加工平面满足平面度加工要求。 [0016] In step d, the laser distance measuring device is preferably replaced by a laser spacer means, while both have vertical spacer sentinel role in ensuring that the working surface is not inclined and parallel to the bed face, positioning of the workpiece if they are not parallel to the working surface, the laser may be under the guidance of the vertical spacer figures, added to adjust the workpiece mounting surface of the spacer until they are satisfied machining plane flatness processing requirements.

[0017]有益效果:本发明的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,可保证多组加工要素同时找正定位,避免了大型栗体类工件反复找正定位、加工要素之间又易发生互相干涉的情况,减少了对刀时间;本发明的定位方法,操作简单,大大提高了加工效率,并能从更大程度上保证各孔轴线之间的平行度和精确度要求,提高了栗体的加工质量。 [0017] Advantageous Effects: Li between the large body of Parts of the present invention is processed alignment positioning means, and processing elements may be a plurality of sets simultaneously ensure alignment position, to avoid large workpieces Li member repeatedly alignment positioning, and easy processing elements where each occurrence of interference, reduces the time required for blade; positioning method of the present invention, simple operation, greatly improving the processing efficiency and guarantee from parallelism and precision requirements between the bore axis to a greater extent, to improve the processing quality chestnut body.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018]图1为本发明的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;

[0019]图2为本发明的A的局部放大视图; [0019] FIG 2 A is a partial enlarged view of the present invention;

[0020]图3为第二折叠杆的俯视图; [0020] FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a second folding bar;

[0021]图4为本发明折置时结构不意图。 When the structure is not intended to [0021] of the present invention, FIG 4 is set off.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022]下面结合附图对本发明作更进一步的说明。 [0022] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention further.

[0023]如图1至图4所示,本发明的一种大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,包括支撑杆6和位于支撑杆6下方的底座10,支撑杆6下部设有定位凸台,支撑杆底座10向下延伸有定位轴,支撑杆6上连接三组定位装置,三组定位装置套接在支撑杆6上,每组定位装置包括设有刻度的定位杆,定位杆上安装有激光测距装置2,定位杆包含第一折叠杆1、第二折叠杆 [0023] As shown, the alignment device positioning the large body of Li-based component of the invention processed 1 to 4, comprising a support bar 6 and the support rods 6 positioned below the base 10, a lower portion provided with a positioning support rods 6 projections, the support bar 10 extends downwardly from the base positioning shaft, the support bar 6 is connected to three positioning means, positioning means three sleeved on the support rods 6, each positioning means comprises a positioning rod provided with a scale, jumper a laser distance measuring device mounted 2, comprising a first folding bar positioning rod 1, the second folding lever

11、拨动机构3和锁紧搭钩5,第一折叠杆1端部设有铰链支架9,第一折叠杆1通过铰链支架9与第二折叠杆11连接,第一折叠杆1上设有刻度和凸台,在第一折叠杆1有刻度的地方安装有激光测距装置2,拨动机构3固定在凸台4上并可绕凸台4转动,锁紧搭钩5铰接在拨动机构3上,第二折叠杆11上设有底板凸台,拨动机构3带动锁紧搭钩5运动并咬合在底板凸台上,支撑杆6上设有外螺纹,第二折叠杆11设有套在支撑杆6上并与外螺纹配合的内螺纹,第二折叠杆11内螺纹周围刻有角刻度,支撑杆6上刻有零刻度。 11, toggle mechanism 3 and the locking hooks 5, a first folding rod is provided with an end portion of the hinge bracket 9, a first folding lever 9 is connected by the hinge bracket 11 and the second folding bars, folding lever provided on a first a scale and a boss, in a first folding rods 1 attached to a scale where the laser distance measuring device 2, the toggle mechanism 3 is fixed to the boss 4 and table 4 is rotated about the projection, the locking hook 5 is hinged dialing 3, a second folding lever mechanism is provided on the base plate boss 11, the toggle mechanism 3 driven locking hook and engaging the bottom plate 5 moves boss, the support bar 6 is provided with an external thread, a second folding lever 11 and an outer sleeve provided with an internal thread screwed, cut around the threads of the second folding lever 11 an angular scale on the support rod 6, the support rods 6 engraved zero scale. 其中,激光测距装置2可以为ZYT-0100激光测距传感器。 Wherein, the laser distance measuring device 2 may be a laser distance sensor ZYT-0100.

[0024]下面通过两个实施例对本发明再做详细说明: [0024] The present invention will be described in detail by two embodiments do Example:

[0025] 实施例1 [0025] Example 1

[0026]本发明对A型水栗栗体进行加工前调整定位。 [0026] The present invention type A water Lili body positioning adjustment before processing.

[0027] A型水栗栗体最大外径1450mm,栗体四周均布螺孔凸台,凸台上钻轴向通孔,其加工主要尺寸参数要求为:保证被加工面不倾斜且与床身工作面平行,进一步保证打出来的孔与被加工面垂直,不发生倾斜。 [0027] A maximum outer diameter of the body-in-water Lili 1450mm, Li cloth screw body all around the boss, the bosses axial through hole drilled, the processing requirements for the main size parameters: guaranteed working plane is not inclined and the bed parallel body face, to further ensure the break out of the hole and the workpiece perpendicular to the surface, does not tilt.

[0028]进一步调整后,保证进水端轴心线与出水口轴线距离600mm、与某凸台上轴向孔间距781mm。 [0028] After further adjusted to ensure that the water inlet and outlet axis of the axis distance 600mm, a boss and an axial hole pitch of 781mm. 其定位工序步骤如下: Positioned following process steps:

[0029] a、根据图纸设计要求,在栗体铸件上确定三个指定点并标记,分别为第一凸台轴向孔中心点:90°,665mm;第二凸台轴向孔中心点174° ,685mm;:第三凸台轴向孔中心点:270。 [0029] a, in accordance with the design requirements of the drawings, the casting body is determined on the three specified points Li and labeled, respectively, a first axial bore of the boss center point: 90 °, 665mm; axial bore center point of the second boss 174 °, 685mm ;: third boss axial bore center point: 270. ,781mm。 , 781mm.

[0030] b、将底座10定位轴装配于工作台中心孔内,起吊栗体铸件置于工作台的四爪卡盘上,目测调整其初步正确位置,将支撑杆6穿过栗体内孔旋入底座螺纹孔内使装置主体固定; [0030] b, the base table 10 is positioned at the center axis of the assembly bore, Li lifting member cast placed on the table of four-jaw chuck, visually adjust its correct initial position, the support rod 6 through the inner hole screwed Li into the base of the apparatus main body fixing screw hole;

[0031] c、将第一折叠杆1自下而上拉出至水平位置,将锁紧搭钩5扣紧第二折叠杆11的底板凸台,压下拨动机构3,第一折叠杆1锁紧固定; [0031] c, the first folding bottom-up lever 1 is pulled out to a horizontal position, the locking hook fastening plate 5 of the second folding bar bosses 11, pressing the toggle mechanism 3, the first folding lever a lock fixed;

[0032] d、将激光测距装置2装在第一折叠杆1上,根据栗体的设计要求,调整第二折叠杆11整体偏置角度,调节激光测距装置2的伸出距离,直至激光点与上述特定位置上的标记重合;调整三个折叠杆位置自上而下分别对应:第一凸台轴向孔中心点:90°,665mm;第二凸台轴向孔中心点174° ,685mm;:第三凸台轴向孔中心点:270°,781mm,调整栗体铸件的位置将事先在栗体上找出的上述三个指定点与激光点重合,进水端轴心线位置调整结束。 [0032] d, the laser distance measuring device 2 is mounted on a first folding bar 1, depending on design requirements Li body, adjusting the second overall offset angle folding lever 11, adjusting the laser distance measuring device 2 extends a distance until laser marking on the spot the specific position; adjustment three folding lever positions respectively corresponding to top-down: a first boss axial bore center point: 90 °, 665mm; axial bore center point of the second boss 174 ° , 685mm ;: third boss axial bore center point: 270 °, 781mm, casting position adjusting member Li identified in advance on Li of the above three designated points coincide with the laser spot, the inlet end of the axis end position adjustment.

[0033] 上述过程能够保证被加工面不倾斜且与床身工作面平行,还能保证打出来的孔与被加工面垂直,不发生倾斜。 [0033] The above-described process ensures the working surface is not inclined and parallel to the bed face, but also to ensure the break out of the hole and the workpiece perpendicular to the surface, does not tilt.

[0034]为了进一步满足更具体的要求,可以在上述三个指定点与激光点重合调整好后,进一步应用其中与进水端轴心线和出水口轴线垂直的激光测距装置2,将进水端轴心线和出水口轴线距离调整到600mm位置;若上述600mm位置不能满足,则在激光测距装置2指导下,利用四爪卡盘平移工件,在进水端轴心线和出水口轴线距离二者兼顾下进行调整。 [0034] More specifically, in order to further meet the requirements, it can be specified in the above-described three points the laser spot coincides adjusted, further applications in which the shaft axis and the inlet ends of a laser distance measuring device and the water outlet vertical axis 2, into the water and a water outlet end of the axis to axis distance adjusting a position 600mm; 600mm position if the above is not satisfied, under the guidance of the laser distance measuring device 2, using a four-jaw chuck translation of the workpiece, the axis of the inlet and outlet ends adjusting the axial distance do both.

[0035]调整好工件各要素位置后,转动任一个激光测距装置2调整工件整体的平面度(通过在四爪卡盘放置工件的平面上增加或减少垫片达到目的)。 [0035] After adjusting the position of each element of the workpiece is good, a laser distance measuring apparatus according to any rotation 2 of the workpiece to adjust the overall flatness (the purpose of the plane of the workpiece by increasing or reducing the pad is placed in a four jaw chuck). 最后,调整四爪卡盘,夹紧栗体。 Finally, adjustment of four jaw chuck, the clamping member Li.

[0036] 实施例2 [0036] Example 2

[0037]本发明对B型水栗栗体进行加工前调整定位。 [0037] The present invention is a B-in-water Lili body positioning adjustment before processing.

[0038] B型水栗栗体最大内径1040mm,栗体四周均布螺孔凸台,凸台上钻轴向通孔,其加工要求为:保证被加工面不倾斜且与床身工作面平行,进一步保证打出来的孔与被加工面垂直,不发生倾斜。 [0038] The maximum internal diameter of B-type body water Lili 1040mm, Li cloth screw body all around the boss, the bosses axial through hole drilled, the processing requirements: to ensure that the working surface is not inclined and parallel to the bed face , to further ensure break out of the hole and the workpiece perpendicular to the surface, does not tilt.

[0039] 进一步调整后,保证进水端轴心线与出水口轴线距离600mm、与其端面间距740mm。 [0039] After further adjusted to ensure that the water inlet and outlet axis of the axis distance 600mm, with its end face spacing 740mm. 其定位工序步骤如下: Positioned following process steps:

[0040] a、根据图纸设计要求,在栗体铸件确定三个指定点,分别是第一凸台轴向孔中心点:90°,666mm;第二凸台轴向孔中心点230°,998mm;:第三凸台轴向孔中心点:270°,743mm。 [0040] a, in accordance with the design requirements of the drawings, the casting body is determined in Li three designated points, are a first axial bore of the boss center point: 90 °, 666mm; axial bore center point of the second boss 230 °, 998mm ;: third boss axial bore center point: 270 °, 743mm.

[0041] b、将支撑杆6底座定位轴装配于工作台中心孔内,起吊栗体铸件置于工作台的四爪卡盘上,目测调整其初步正确位置,将支撑杆6穿过栗体内孔旋入底座螺纹孔内至支撑杆6定位凸台下端面与底座表面恰好接触,装置主体固定; [0041] b, the base support rods 6 positioned on the table center shaft fitting hole, Li lifting member cast placed on the table of four-jaw chuck, visually adjust its correct initial position, through the support rod 6 Li vivo hole screwed into the threaded hole of the base support rods 6 to the end face of the positioning convex audience just touches the surface of the base, the fixing device main body;

[0042] c、将第一折叠杆1自下而上拉出至水平位置,将锁紧搭钩5扣紧第二折叠杆11的底板凸台,压下拨动机构3,第一折叠杆1锁紧固定(所述的折叠杆共有3个,如图1所示); [0042] c, the first folding bottom-up lever 1 is pulled out to a horizontal position, the locking hook fastening plate 5 of the second folding bar bosses 11, pressing the toggle mechanism 3, the first folding lever a locking fixing (the total folding lever 3, shown in Figure 1);

[0043] d、将激光测距装置2装在第一折叠杆1上,根据栗体的设计要求,调整第二折叠杆11整体偏置角度,调节激光测距装置2的伸出距离,直至激光点与上述特定位置上的标记重合。 [0043] d, the laser distance measuring device 2 is mounted on a first folding bar 1, depending on design requirements Li body, adjusting the second overall offset angle folding lever 11, adjusting the laser distance measuring device 2 extends a distance until laser spot marks on the specific position coincide. 调整三个折叠杆位置自上而下分别对应:第一凸台轴向孔中心点:90°,666mm;第二凸台轴向孔中心点230°,998mm;:第三凸台轴向孔中心点:270°,743mm,调整栗体铸件的位置直至栗体上事先找出的上述三个指定点与激光点重合,进水端轴心线位置调整结束。 Three folding lever adjustment positions respectively corresponding to top-down: a first boss axial bore center point: 90 °, 666mm; axial bore center point of the second boss 230 °, 998mm ;: third boss axial bore center point: 270 °, 743mm, above three specified points on the adjustment of the laser spot position until Li Li cast body member overlaps previously identified, the water inlet end of the axis position adjustment.

[0044] 上述过程能够保证被加工面不倾斜且与床身工作面平行,还能保证打出来的孔与被加工面垂直,不发生倾斜。 [0044] The above-described process ensures the working surface is not inclined and parallel to the bed face, but also to ensure the break out of the hole and the workpiece perpendicular to the surface, does not tilt.

[0045]为了进一步满足更具体的要求,可以进一步操作同实施例1中的后续步骤。 [0045] More specifically, in order to further meet the requirements, it can be further manipulated in subsequent steps with the Example 1 embodiment. 用与其后续工序相同的方法进行进水端轴心线与出水口端面间距740mm的调整,两者兼顾时优先保证进水端轴心线要求。 Subsequent thereto with the same method step is carried out with the axis of the inlet end of the outlet end surface of 740mm pitch adjustment, to ensure that the inlet end of the axis priority requirements both. 最后,调整四爪卡盘,夹紧栗体。 Finally, adjustment of four jaw chuck, the clamping member Li.

[0046]以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出:对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 [0046] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted: to those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and modifications should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,其特征在于:包括支撑杆(6)和位于支撑杆(6)下方的底座(10),所述支撑杆(6)上连接三组定位装置,每组定位装置套装在支撑杆(6)上,所述定位装置包含设有刻度的定位杆,定位杆上安装有激光测距装置(2),所述支撑杆(6)上设有外螺纹,定位杆上设有与外螺纹配合的螺纹孔,螺纹孔周围刻有与螺纹孔同心的角刻度,支撑杆(6)上刻有零刻度。 A large body parts processing Li alignment of the positioning means, characterized by: a support rod (6) and the support rods is located (6) below the base (10), the support bar (6) is connected on three group of positioning means, each positioning means is fitted over the support rods (6), said positioning means comprises a positioning rod is provided with a scale, the laser distance measuring device (2) is attached to the positioning rod, the support rod (6) provided with an external thread, a threaded hole positioning rod cooperating with the external thread, around the screw hole engraved angular scale with a threaded hole concentric zero scale engraved on the support rods (6).
2.根据权利要求1所述的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,其特征在于:所述定位杆包括第一折叠杆(1)和第二折叠杆(11),所述刻度和激光测距装置(2)设置在第一折叠杆(I)上,第二折叠杆(11)通过螺纹孔套装在支撑杆(6)上,第一折叠杆(1)端部设有铰链支架(9),第一折叠杆(1)通过铰链支架(9)与第二折叠杆(11)连接,第一折叠杆(1)上设有拨动机构(3)、锁紧搭钩(5)和凸台(4),拨动机构(3)固定在凸台(4)上并可绕凸台(4)转动,所述锁紧搭钩(5)铰接在拨动机构(3)上,所述第二折叠杆(11)上设有底板凸台,拨动机构(3)带动锁紧搭钩(5)运动并咬合在底板凸台上。 The alignment of the positioning apparatus 1, a large body parts processing Li claim, wherein: said jumper comprises a first folding bar (1) and the second folding rod (11), said scale, and a laser distance measuring device (2) disposed on a first folding bar (the I), a second folding bar (11) on the support rods (6), a first folding bar (1) is provided with an end portion of the hinge bracket through the set screw hole (9), a first folding bar (1) connected by a hinge bracket (9) and the second folding rod (11), a first folding rod is provided with toggle mechanism (3) (1), the locking hook (5 ) and a boss (4), the toggle mechanism (3) is fixed on the bosses (4) and around a boss (4) is rotated, the locking hook (5) hinged on the toggle mechanism (3) said second folding lever (11) is provided with projections on the base plate, a toggle mechanism (3) driven by the locking hooks (5) and engage in the movement of the base plate boss.
3.根据权利要求1所述的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,其特征在于:所述支撑杆(6)下部设有定位凸台,底座(10)延伸有定位轴。 The alignment of the positioning apparatus 1, a large body parts processing Li claim, wherein: said support bar (6) is provided with a lower positioning boss, the base (10) extends positioning shaft.
4.根据权利要求2所述的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置,其特征在于:所述第二折叠杆(11)以支撑杆(6)为中心轴旋转360°时,第二折叠杆(11)沿着支撑杆(6)在竖直方向下降2mm。 The alignment of the positioning apparatus body 2, large parts processing Li claim, wherein: said second folding lever (11) to support bars (6) is a central axis 360 °, the second folding lever (11) lowered in the vertical direction 2mm support rods (6).
5.—种基于权利要求4所述的大型栗体类零件加工的找正定位装置的定位方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: a、根据图纸设计要求,在栗体铸件确定三个不在同一直线上的指定点; b、将底座(10)定位轴置于工作台中心孔内,起吊栗体铸件置于工作台的四爪卡盘上,目测调整其初步正确位置,将支撑杆(6)穿过栗体内孔旋入底座(10)螺纹孔内至支撑杆(6)定位凸台下端面与底座(10)表面恰好接触,装置主体固定; c、将三个第一折叠杆(1)自下而上拉出至水平位置,将锁紧搭钩(5)扣紧第二折叠杆(II)的底板凸台,压下拨动机构(3),第一折叠杆(1)锁紧固定; d、将三组激光测距装置(2)分别装在三个第一折叠杆(1)上,根据栗体的设计要求,调整第二折叠杆(11)整体偏置角度,调节激光测距装置(2)的伸出距离,直至激光点调整至设计图纸所要求的特定位置,调整栗体铸件 5.- kinds alignment positioning means positioning method based on a large body of Li claim 4 Parts processed, characterized by comprising the steps of: a, according to the drawings the design requirements, determine the three not in the same body casting in Li designated points on the line; B, the base (10) placed on the positioning table center bore axis, Li lifting member cast placed on the table of four-jaw chuck, visually adjust its correct initial position, the support rods (6 ) passes through the inner hole screwed Li base (10) to the support rod threaded hole (6) positioning projection audience end surface of the base (10) just touches the surface, the fixing device main body; C, the three first folding lever (1 ) drawn from bottom to top to a horizontal position, the locking hook (5) a second folding bar fastening plate (II) of the boss, pressing the toggle mechanism (3), a first folding bar (1) lock fasten; D, three sets of the laser distance measuring device (2) respectively mounted on the first three folding lever (1), depending on design requirements Li body, adjusting the second folding lever (11) integral offset angle adjusting a laser distance measuring device (2) extended distance, until the laser spot was adjusted to a specific design drawings desired position, the adjustment member cast Li 位置将事先在栗体上找出的三个指定点与激光点重合调整结束。 Position in advance on Li body identified three specified points of the laser spot coincides with the end of adjustment.
CN201410277746.7A 2014-06-19 2014-06-19 Large parts processing pump positioning means of alignment and positioning method CN104029068B (en)

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