CN104025776A - Semi-automatic garlic sower - Google Patents

Semi-automatic garlic sower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104025776A
CN104025776A CN201410246775.7A CN201410246775A CN104025776A CN 104025776 A CN104025776 A CN 104025776A CN 201410246775 A CN201410246775 A CN 201410246775A CN 104025776 A CN104025776 A CN 104025776A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
wheel
seed box
garlic seed
timing belt
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Granted
Application number
CN201410246775.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104025776B (en
Inventor
耿爱军
张兆磊
李汝莘
刘世琦
杨建宁
侯加林
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201410246775.7A priority Critical patent/CN104025776B/en
Publication of CN104025776A publication Critical patent/CN104025776A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104025776B publication Critical patent/CN104025776B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention relates to a semi-automatic garlic sower which comprises a hanging mechanism, a garlic seed box feeding mechanism, a seed carrying table, a ditcher, a covering device, a land wheel mechanism, a transmission mechanism and a stander, wherein the garlic seed box feeding mechanism adopts an inclined conveying belt and comprises a synchronous belt, an upper belt wheel, a lower belt wheel, belt wheel shafts and a garlic seed box holding device; land wheels drive the synchronous belt to rotate through the transmission mechanism; multiple layers of seed carrying plates are arranged on the seed carrying table in an inclination manner; seed ditches are formed by the ditcher; along with the rotation of the synchronous belt, a garlic seed box is downwards conveyed along the garlic seed box holding mechanism and is finally steadily put into a seed ditch along a flow guide plate of the ditcher; the garlic seed box is covered with soil through the covering device behind. The semi-automatic garlic sower can realize mechanical sowing with 'root down and tip up' and 'straight planting' of garlic, and single garlic seed sowing is changed into strip sowing, so that the sowing efficiency is improved; furthermore, sowing requirements on different plant spacing and rows can be met according to seed hole distances on the garlic seed boxes and mounting distances of the belt wheels.

Description

Semi-automatic garlic planter
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of semi-automatic garlic planter, belong to agricultural equipment technical field.
Two, background technology
In recent years, along with adjustment and the agricultural product outlet trade of agricultural structure develops rapidly, garlic demand increased, and planting garlic area constantly expands.Because current garlic planter can not meet the specific (special) requirements of garlic when sowing " under root on point ", " uprightly plantation ", China garlic can only be to rely on artificial seeding, and labour intensity is large, and production efficiency is low, only can plant 130m for each person every day 2, labour cost constantly increases in addition, causes production cost constantly to increase, and has had a strong impact on peasant's enthusiasm for production.
Three, summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem, the invention provides a kind of semi-automatic garlic planter, to make the single many caves of bar shaped garlic seed box by degradation material, by artificial or machinery, garlic kind is put into garlic seed box by the direction of " under root on point ", and the garlic seed box of putting into garlic kind is steadily put into the kind ditch of having held successfully, realize garlic sowing.
A semi-automatic garlic planter, comprise hitch, garlic seed box throwing mechanism, carry kind of a platform, plough, covering device, wheel mechanism, transmission mechanism and frame.This garlic planter provides power by tractor, and sower articulates by three-point hitch and tractor.
Described garlic seed box throwing mechanism comprises Timing Belt, upper and lower belt wheel, belt shaft, garlic seed box supporting device and block.Timing Belt upper end tilts to be arranged on belt shaft by synchronous pulley, and the angle of inclination on Timing Belt and ground is less than the angle of repose of garlic seed box on Timing Belt; Belt shaft is fixed in frame by bearing block, equidistant on belt shaft a plurality of synchronous pulleys is installed; The line-spacing of the installing space of synchronous pulley on belt shaft and garlic sowing is identical, and the position of synchronous pulley on belt shaft can lateral adjustments, to adapt to different line-spacing requirements.Garlic seed box supporting device comprises baffle plate and support, supports and is arranged in frame through Timing Belt; The both sides of Timing Belt are provided with baffle plate, and baffle plate is by being supported and fixed in frame; There is minim gap the both sides of the edge of baffle plate and Timing Belt; The Lower Half of baffle plate is erectility, and the first half of baffle plate tilts to Timing Belt both sides respectively.V-type is formed at two side shield tops, facilitates staff that garlic seed box is put on Timing Belt; Each garlic seed box throwing mechanism lower end correspondence is provided with a plough; Baffle plate one end is connected between plough wing plates on two sides and with deflector and contacts, and guiding garlic seed box directly enters between plough wing plate; On Timing Belt between two side shields along the Timing Belt direction of motion successively equidistant be provided with catch vertical with Timing Belt, spacing distance between catch is garlic seed box length, catch length is slightly less than Timing Belt width, catch width is 30mm (catch length direction is parallel with Timing Belt width direction, and catch width is vertical with Timing Belt width direction); Prevent that staff from promoting previous garlic seed box when throwing in garlic seed box, guarantee that garlic seed box drops in kind of ditch to join end to end, and gapped, prevent garlic seed box stack.
Described kind of the platform that carries is arranged on frame both sides and is positioned at garlic seed box throwing mechanism top, comprises guide rail, bearing and carries kind of a plate.The equidistant multilayer guide rail that is tiltedly installed with on bearing vertical direction, guide rail is stepped arrangement from low to high, vertical range between two-layer guide rail is a bit larger tham garlic seed box height and is added garlic kind ledge height on kind of box, and every layer of guide rail distance that staggers is in the horizontal a bit larger tham a garlic seed box width; Carry that kind plate is mobilizable is placed on every layer of guide rail, guide rail is greater than the angle of repose of garlic seed box on iron plate with the angle that horizontal plane forms, and is beneficial to carry the garlic seed box of planting on plate and can glide smoothly under Gravitative Loads; The sealing of guide rail low side, prevents from carrying kind of a plate and skids off along guide rail; Carry kind of the length that plate length is a bit larger tham garlic seed box, carrying kind of a plate width is garlic seed box width integral multiple; Carrying kind of a plate surrounding has rib, and rib height equals garlic seed box height.
Described plough is core-furrow furrow-making device, comprises core ploughshare, wing plates on two sides and deflector; For keeping ditch shape, wing plates on two sides tilts to plough two outsides respectively; Prevent that hack from falling into kind of a ditch.Deflector is installed between wing plates on two sides, deflector upper end contacts with the baffle plate in being deep into wing plate, connect and draw garlic seed box and steadily enter kind of a ditch, the inclination angle that deflector forms with ground is identical with the inclination angle of ground formation with Timing Belt, and deflector and Timing Belt upper surface are in same plane.Deflector lower end is connected with covering device; Plough is arranged on height regulating rod, and height regulating rod is arranged in frame, and the height of height regulating rod is adjustable, regulates the position of height regulating rod can change ditching depth.
Described ground wheel mechanism comprises land wheel, support and adjusting screw; Land wheel is installed in support one end, and the other end and frame are hinged, and support is connected in frame by bearing pin, and support can be done circular-rotation around the relative frame of bearing pin.Adjusting screw one end is connected with land axle, and the other end is connected in frame, by angle of inclination and then the adjusting land wheel height of rotation adjusting screw adjustable support.Land wheel adopts metal wheel, and land wheel outer rim has equally distributed projection, can increase the frictional force of land wheel and soil, plays better to grab to act on.
Described transmission mechanism comprises drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2, commutation sprocket wheel 1, commutation sprocket wheel 2 and driven sprocket.Drive sprocket is arranged on land axle, driven sprocket is arranged on the belt shaft of frame upper end, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2, commutation sprocket wheel 1 and commutation sprocket wheel 2 are arranged in frame, drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2 and commutation sprocket wheel 1 are positioned at same plane, reverse wheel 1 and the coaxial installation of reverse wheel 2 and coaxial with land wheel mechanism rack bearing pin.Land wheel drives driving wheel to rotate, driving wheel rotates by chain-driving intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2 and commutation sprocket wheel 1, commutation sprocket wheel 2 is in chain outside, therefore the sprocket wheel 2 that commutates turns to contrary with drive sprocket, commutation sprocket wheel 1 drives commutation sprocket wheel 2 to rotate, commutation sprocket wheel 2 rotates by chain-driving driven sprocket, realizes belt shaft and land wheel direction of rotation.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is semi-automatic garlic planter overall structure figure
Fig. 2 is garlic seed box throwing mechanism structure chart
Fig. 3 carries kind of a platform structure chart
Fig. 4 is plough structural front view
Fig. 5 is plough right view
Fig. 6 is ground wheel mounting structure figure
Fig. 7 is drive system structure figure
Fig. 8 transmission system transmission principle figure
In figure, 3. years kind platform 4. seat 5. belt shafts 6. of 1. frame 2. land wheel support 14. years kind plate 15. guide rail 16. top cover 17. bearing 18. core ploughshare 19. flat ditch plate 20. wing plate 21. deflector 22. adjusting screw 23. land axle 24. drive sprocket 25. support 26. commutation sprocket wheel 127. commutation sprocket wheel 228. intermediate chain wheel 129. driven sprocket 30. intermediate chain wheels 2 of 7. garlic seed box delivery device 8. plough 9. covering device 10. synchronous pulley 11. Timing Belt 12. baffle plate 13. block
Five, embodiment
A semi-automatic garlic planter, the belt shaft of garlic seed box throwing mechanism is arranged in frame by bearing block, and synchronous pulley key is arranged on belt shaft, by Timing Belt, connects upper and lower two synchronous pulleys, and Timing Belt is to tilt to install; Garlic seed box helps the baffle plate of mechanism to be arranged on bracing frame, the parallel installation of Timing Belt two side shield, and baffle plate upper end tilts laterally, makes the V-shaped opening of baffle plate, facilitates staff to throw in garlic seed box; Plough wing plates on two sides is slightly outward-dipping, prevent that soil from falling into kind of a ditch, deflector is housed in the middle of wing plates on two sides, deflector with respect to the inclination angle on ground and the inclination angle on Timing Belt and ground is identical and the upper surface of deflector and Timing Belt in same plane, can make garlic seed box steadily fall into kind of a ditch along Timing Belt and deflector.Plough setting height(from bottom) can regulate by adjusting the installation site of height regulating rod in frame as required.Carry kind of a platform and be arranged on methods, rack both sides on garlic seed box throwing mechanism, by support, guide rail and plantation plate, formed; Guide rail is L-type, tilts rack-mount, and the angle of inclination of guide rail and horizontal plane is greater than garlic seed box at the angle of repose of carrying on kind of plate, and garlic seed box can be slided smoothly under Gravitative Loads; Guide rail lower end closed, can stop that plantation plate skids off from guide rail; Carrying kind of a plate surrounding has rib, and rib height approximates garlic seed box height, and carrying kind of a plate width is garlic seed box width integral multiple; Carry kind of a platform multilayer guide rail can be installed, be trapezoidal arrangement from low to high, the vertical range between adjacent two layers guide rail is a bit larger tham garlic seed box height and is added garlic kind ledge height on garlic seed box kind cave, and every layer of distance staggering is in the horizontal a bit larger tham garlic seed box width; Land wheel is arranged on frame both sides, and the transmission that a side land wheel is Timing Belt provides power.Land axle is rack-mount, and support is arranged in frame by bearing pin; Mounting bracket can rotate around bearing pin; Adjusting screw one end is connected with land axle, and the other end is connected in frame, by the setting height(from bottom) of the adjustable land wheel of rotating threaded shaft; Transmission mechanism is arranged on and drives land wheel one side, and drive sprocket is arranged on land axle, and at the opposite side of support, intermediate chain wheel is arranged in frame, and commutation sprocket wheel is arranged on the bearing pin of support.Drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2, commutation sprocket wheel 1 are arranged in same plane, commutation sprocket wheel 2 is arranged in same plane with driven sprocket, commutation sprocket wheel 1 and commutation sprocket wheel 2 are coaxially installed, drive sprocket rotates with land wheel, contrary with land wheel by chain the turning to of sprocket wheel 1 that make to commutate, by commutation sprocket wheel 2, drive driven sprockets to realize the rotation of Timing Belt.
The present embodiment take that six garlic seed box throwing mechanisms are installed in frame is example.During operation, the garlic seed box proper alignment that first will put into garlic kind by artificial or machinery " with on lower point " in advance, on year kind of plate, is placed into and carries on the guide rail of planting platform along guide rail carrying kind of plate.Along with travelling of tractor, land wheel and ground friction, land wheel drives driving wheel to rotate, driving wheel is by chain-driving breast wheel 1, 2 reverse wheels 1 rotate, reverse wheel 1 is in chain outside, therefore reverse wheel 1 turns to contrary with driving wheel, reverse wheel 1 drives reverse wheel 2 to rotate, reverse wheel 2 rotates by chain-driving driven pulley, thereby Timing Belt is transmitted, everyone one plantation platform of staff can be responsible for three Timing Belts, on each Timing Belt, place successively garlic seed box one by one, unit is started working, plough is outputed kind of a ditch, rotation along with Timing Belt, garlic seed box helps mechanism to carry downwards along garlic seed box, finally along plough deflector, steadily put into kind of a ditch, deflector lower end is connected with covering device, covering device is to garlic kind earthing.Covering device can adopt commercial product or existing techniques in realizing.Carry garlic seed box of every taking-up on kind of plate, other garlic seed boxs automatically slide into and carry kind of a plate least significant end, until garlic kind takes, take off year kind of a plate and reappose garlic seed box after all garlic seed boxs take.
The present invention can realize the mechanical planting of garlic " under root on point ", " uprightly plantation ", and garlic kind monoseeding is become to slivering sowing, improve sowing efficiency, and can realize according to the mounting distance of planting cave distance and belt wheel on garlic seed box the sowing requirement of different spacing in the rows, row.
Protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, is anyly familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses, and the simple change of the technical scheme that can obtain apparently or equivalence are replaced and all fallen within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a semi-automatic garlic planter, it is characterized in that comprising garlic seed box throwing mechanism, carry kind of a platform, plough, covering device, wheel mechanism, transmission mechanism and frame;
Described garlic seed box throwing mechanism comprises Timing Belt, synchronous pulley, belt shaft, garlic seed box supporting device and block; Timing Belt upper end tilts to be arranged on belt shaft by synchronous pulley, and the angle of inclination on Timing Belt and ground is less than the angle of repose of garlic seed box on Timing Belt; Belt shaft is fixed in frame by bearing block, equidistant on belt shaft a plurality of synchronous pulleys is installed; The line-spacing of the installing space of synchronous pulley on belt shaft and garlic sowing is identical, and the position of synchronous pulley on belt shaft can lateral adjustments; Garlic seed box supporting device comprises baffle plate and support, supports and is arranged in frame through Timing Belt; The both sides of Timing Belt are provided with baffle plate, and baffle plate is by being supported and fixed in frame; The both sides of the edge of baffle plate and Timing Belt are provided with gap; The Lower Half of baffle plate is erectility, and the first half of baffle plate tilts to Timing Belt both sides respectively; V-type is formed at two side shield tops; Each garlic seed box throwing mechanism lower end correspondence is provided with a plough; Described baffle plate one end is connected between plough wing plates on two sides and with deflector and contacts, and guiding garlic seed box directly enters between plough wing plate; On Timing Belt between two side shields along the Timing Belt direction of motion successively equidistant catch that is provided with, the spacing distance between catch is garlic seed box length, catch length is less than Timing Belt width, catch width is 30mm;
Described kind of the platform that carries is arranged on frame both sides and is positioned at garlic seed box throwing mechanism top, carries kind of a platform and comprises guide rail, bearing and carry kind of a plate; The equidistant multilayer guide rail that is tiltedly installed with on bearing vertical direction, guide rail is stepped arrangement from low to high, vertical range between two-layer guide rail is a bit larger tham garlic seed box height and is added garlic kind ledge height on kind of box, and every layer of guide rail distance that staggers is in the horizontal a bit larger tham a garlic seed box width; Carry that kind plate is mobilizable is placed on every layer of guide rail, guide rail is greater than the angle of repose of garlic seed box on iron plate with the angle of horizontal plane formation; The sealing of guide rail low side; Carry kind of the length that plate length is a bit larger tham garlic seed box, carrying kind of a plate width is garlic seed box width integral multiple; Carrying kind of a plate surrounding has rib, and rib height equals garlic seed box height;
Described plough is core-furrow furrow-making device, comprises core ploughshare, wing plates on two sides and deflector; Wing plates on two sides tilts to plough two outsides respectively; Deflector is installed between wing plates on two sides, deflector upper end contacts with the baffle plate in being deep into wing plate, connect and draw garlic seed box and steadily enter kind of a ditch, deflector is identical with the inclination angle on Timing Belt and ground with the inclination angle on ground, and deflector and Timing Belt upper surface are in same plane; Deflector lower end is connected with covering device; Plough is arranged on height regulating rod, and height regulating rod is arranged in frame, and the height of height regulating rod is adjustable, regulates the position of height regulating rod can change ditching depth;
Described ground wheel mechanism comprises land wheel, support and adjusting screw; Land wheel is installed in support one end, and the other end and frame are hinged, and support is connected in frame by bearing pin, and support can be done circular-rotation around the relative frame of bearing pin; Adjusting screw one end is connected with land axle, and the other end of adjusting screw is connected in frame, by angle of inclination and then the adjusting land wheel height of rotation adjusting screw adjustable support;
Described transmission mechanism comprises drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2, commutation sprocket wheel 1, commutation sprocket wheel 2 and driven sprocket; Drive sprocket is arranged on land axle, driven sprocket is arranged on the belt shaft of frame upper end, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2, commutation sprocket wheel 1 and commutation sprocket wheel 2 are arranged in frame, drive sprocket, intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2 and commutation sprocket wheel 1 are positioned at same plane, commutation sprocket wheel 1 and the commutation coaxial installation of sprocket wheel 2 and coaxial with the rack pin shaft of ground wheel mechanism; Land wheel drives drive sprocket to rotate, drive sprocket rotates by chain-driving intermediate chain wheel 1, intermediate chain wheel 2 and commutation sprocket wheel 1, commutation sprocket wheel 2 is in chain outside, commutation sprocket wheel 2 turns to contrary with drive sprocket, commutation sprocket wheel 1 drives commutation sprocket wheel 2 to rotate, commutation sprocket wheel 2 rotates by chain-driving driven sprocket, belt shaft and land wheel direction of rotation.
CN201410246775.7A 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 Semi-automatic garlic planter Expired - Fee Related CN104025776B (en)

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Cited By (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508214A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-03-22 山东农业大学 Full-automatic garlic sower
CN106576515A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-04-26 山东理工大学 Semi-automatic garlic planter
CN107041187A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-08-15 山东理工大学 Garlic kind orienting device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108633409B (en) * 2018-03-28 2020-04-28 重庆化工职业学院 Multi-row garlic seeder

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106576515A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-04-26 山东理工大学 Semi-automatic garlic planter
CN107041187A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-08-15 山东理工大学 Garlic kind orienting device
CN106576515B (en) * 2016-12-20 2019-03-05 山东理工大学 Semi-automatic garlic planting machine
CN107041187B (en) * 2016-12-20 2019-03-05 山东理工大学 Garlic kind orienting device
CN106508214A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-03-22 山东农业大学 Full-automatic garlic sower
CN106508214B (en) * 2016-12-26 2022-04-19 山东农业大学 Full-automatic garlic seeder

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