CN104020698B - Electrical control system and method for food waste processor - Google Patents

Electrical control system and method for food waste processor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104020698B
CN104020698B CN201410092355.8A CN201410092355A CN104020698B CN 104020698 B CN104020698 B CN 104020698B CN 201410092355 A CN201410092355 A CN 201410092355A CN 104020698 B CN104020698 B CN 104020698B
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China
Prior art keywords
circuit
water plug
signal
food refuse
input
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CN201410092355.8A
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CN104020698A (en
Inventor
颜伟民
冯云和
付天育
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ZHEJIANG GLES ELECTRIC CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG GLES ELECTRIC CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an electrical control system and method for a food waste processor. The electrical control system comprises a water plug switch, a water plug connection base, a cavity and a DC motor assembly. The water plug switch is arranged at the upper end of the cavity through the water plug connection base; the DC motor assembly is arranged at the lower end of the cavity; the water plug switch is equipped with a magnet; the cavity is equipped with an automatic inlet pipe interface, a cleaning fluid pipeline interface and a magnetically-controlled switch circuit. The automatic inlet pipe interface is provided with a solenoid valve; the cleaning fluid pipeline interface is provided with an electromagnetic pump; and the magnetically-controlled switch circuit comprises a magnetically-controlled switch sensor for receiving magnet signals, an input control circuit, a signal emission circuit, a signal reception circuit and a power circuit, wherein the magnetically-controlled switch sensor and the signal reception circuit are connected with the input control circuit, and the signal emission circuit is connected with the signal reception circuit. The beneficial effects of the electrical control system and method are that the work efficiency, the safety performance and the service life of the food waste processor are improved, and manual and automatic integrated control function of the food waste processor is realized.

Description

A kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer and its method
Technical field
The present invention relates to food refuse disposer correlative technology field, refers in particular to a kind of the electric of food refuse disposer Control system and its method.
Background technology
Galley food garbage disposer is a kind of kitchen appliance of modernization, is installed on below kitchen basin, and and draining Pipe is connected.Cutterhead is driven by AC or DC motor, is entered down after crushed the food refuse for crushing intracavity Water channel.Crushing chamber has filtration, intercepts automatically food solid particle;Cutterhead is provided with the impact head of 360 degree of revolutions, does not have profit Sword, it is safe, durable, non-maintaining.Easily lower water can will be entered after the crushing of turnip dish tail, leftovers leftovers etc. food garbage Road.Particle diameter after crushing is less than 4 millimeters, will not block drain pipe and sewer.Easily can realize instant, convenient, fast Kitchen cleaning, it is to avoid food refuse grows pathogenic bacteria, mosquito and abnormal flavour etc. because of storage, so as to build health, cleaning, attractive in appearance Kitchen environment.
Garbage disposer is one of family kitchen indispensability electrical equipment.The electric mounting of the similar soy bean milk making machine size of this volume is in kitchen Below aqueous humor pond, connect with pond outlet.Garbage disposer can process most food refuses, such as little bone, chicken bone, Fish head, fishbone, eggshell, corncob cellulose, peel pit, dish leaf dish stalk, coffee groundss, shuck, stalky tea, leftovers etc..You can Directly pour these food refuses into garbage disposer, food debriss can be ground by moment, blow-off pipe is flowed into water.And And, garbage disposer very economical and energy saving, average family were once using average monthly power consumption, under normal circumstances, garbage disposer Service life in 8-15, it is durable in use.And existing food refuse disposer is in use, food refuse disposer Open and close be all the switching on and shutting down work(discharged water with food refuse disposer that armrest moves water plug switch in control, and tank Can be separate operation, so in use, while easily causing food refuse disposer to work, foreign body passes through water plug Switch is entered in food refuse disposer, there is great potential safety hazard, while food refuse disposer is easily without food Individually operated use during rubbish, what needs were artificial go judgement and manual operation to solve this problem, have both wasted electric power money Source, also reduces the service life of food refuse disposer.
Chinese patent Authorization Notice No.:CN 202316052U, in authorized announcement date on July 11st, 2012, disclose a kind of food Thing garbage disposer, including motor housing and grinding house, the motor housing is internally provided with magneto, the Permanent Magnet and Electric Connect during the rotational output shaft of machine extends to the grinding house and with the rotating disk transmission of milling inside the grinding house Connect, be provided with ring of milling on the inwall of the grinding house, in the rotating disk of milling, be provided with multiple blades, the grinding house The connecting pipe for connecting dish-washing machine discharge outlet and the connecting tube for connecting rhone, the motor is offered on the wall of side The outside of shell and the grinding house is provided with sound insulation outer housing, is set with rubber on the rotational output shaft of the magneto Sealing ring.The utility model is disadvantageous in that in use, the magneto of food refuse disposer is individually to grasp What work was used, the action not being associated with the water inlet of food refuse disposer, so the food refuse disposer is being used During, there is great potential safety hazard, while also reducing the service life of food refuse disposer.
The content of the invention
The present invention is above-mentioned in order to overcome the shortcomings of to exist in prior art, there is provided a kind of security performance is high, use the longevity The electric control system and its method of life length and the food refuse disposer of auto-manual.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is employed the following technical solutions:
A kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer, including water plug switch, water plug connecting seat, cavity and unidirectional current Machine assembly, described water plug switch are arranged on the upper end of cavity by water plug connecting seat, and described direct current generator assembly is arranged on The lower end of cavity, described water plug switch are provided with Magnet, and described cavity is provided with automatic feeding water interface tube I, satellite interface With magnetic switch circuit, described satellite interface is provided with three way cock, and two other interface of the three way cock is respectively Automatic feeding water interface tube II and cleanout fluid pipe joint, are provided with electromagnetic valve at described automatic feeding water interface tube II, and described is clear Electromagnetic pump is provided with washing liquid pipe joint, and described magnetic switch circuit includes sensing for the magnetic switch for receiving Magnet signal Device, input control circuit, signal transmission circuit, signal receiving circuit and power circuit, described direct current generator assembly, electromagnetism Valve, electromagnetic pump, input control circuit, signal transmission circuit and signal receiving circuit respectively connect power circuit, described magnetic Control switch sensor and signal receiving circuit are all connected with input control circuit, and described signal transmission circuit connection signal receives electricity Road.
In the present invention, the Magnet and the magnetic switch sensor that are switched by water plug is used cooperatively, in realizing tank Current and the food-trash treatment in food refuse disposer are synchronously carried out, and are effectively improved the synchronization of food refuse disposer Property, improve the work efficiency of food refuse disposer;In addition, by the cooperation of signal transmission circuit and signal receiving circuit, Operator only need to remotely control and just food refuse disposer can be controlled, and give cavity by automatic feeding water interface tube Water source is provided, and cavity is given by cleanout fluid pipe joint and cleanout fluid cleaning is provided, it is not necessary to which operator are manually to food rubbish Rubbish processor carries out switching on and shutting down, improves the security performance of food refuse disposer, and so design realizes food-trash treatment The manual and automatic control function of device, and the linkage of current and food-trash treatment is realized, save water consumption, operation more Plus service life that is simple and improve food refuse disposer.
Preferably, described input control circuit includes buzzer, time-delay relay and central processing unit, described prolongs When relay include two normally opened contacts J1 and J2, one of normally opened contact J1 connection electromagnetic valves and direct current generator assembly, separately One normally opened contact J2 connects electromagnetic pump, and described buzzer, two normally opened contacts J1 and J2 pass through audion and electricity respectively Resistance is connected with the outfan of central processing unit, described magnetic switch sensor, signal receiving circuit respectively with central processing unit Input connection.Operator's food refuse disposer can be reminded to start shooting by buzzer, food can be understood in time The working condition of thing garbage disposer.Two normally opened contacts of time-delay relay and using cooperatively for central processing unit simultaneously, energy The switching on and shutting down order of enough effectively control electromagnetic valves, electromagnetic pump and direct current generator assembly, first passes through electromagnetic valve and direct current generator Assembly is processed to the food refuse in cavity, inside cavity is cleaned by electromagnetic pump after time delay for a period of time, The tidiness of food refuse disposer inside cavity is effectively raised, the environmental health in kitchen is improve indirectly.
Preferably, described power circuit includes ac input end, two bridge rectifier Ds 1 and D3, manostat, hand over The one of one input of the zero line connection bridge rectifier D1 of stream input, one end of normally opened contact J1 and normally opened contact J2 End, one end of the other end connection electromagnetic valve of normally opened contact J1 and an input of bridge rectifier D 3, normally opened contact J2's The other end connects one end of electromagnetic pump, the zero line side of ac input end connect respectively another input of bridge rectifier D1, The other end of electromagnetic pump, the other end of electromagnetic valve, another input of bridge rectifier D 3, two of bridge rectifier D 1 are defeated Go out end and be provided with straight for 12 volts for time-delay relay coil power supply after stabilivolt D2 and filter capacitor C1 is sequentially connected respectively Stream voltage output end, filter capacitor C1 are provided with for for buzzer, centre after manostat and filter capacitor C2 is sequentially connected 5 volts of DC voltage output ends that reason device and receiving circuit are powered, two outfan connection direct current generators of bridge rectifier D 2 Assembly.Alternating voltage is effectively converted to by the DC voltage required for food refuse disposer by power circuit, is met Various different DC voltages needed for food refuse disposer, it is safe and reliable, it is simple and convenient quick.
Preferably, described power circuit also includes fastp-acting fuse, the zero line connection of the ac input end is fast One end of fast fuse, an input of the other end connection bridge rectifier D1 of the fastp-acting fuse, normally opened contact J1 One end and normally opened contact J2 one end.Effectively can be prevented by fastp-acting fuse because load cut-off or bridge rectifier The electrical tripping situation that device is short-circuit and causes, improves the security performance of food refuse disposer.
Preferably, described power circuit also includes overload protective device, described overload protective device is thermorelay, institute The other end for stating fastp-acting fuse connects one end of overload protective device, the other end connection bridge rectifier of the overload protective device One end of one input, one end of normally opened contact J1 and normally opened contact J2 of D1.Effectively can be prevented by overload protective device Only direct current generator assembly causes the situation of potential safety hazard because accidental cause is stuck, improves the safety of food refuse disposer Performance.
Preferably, described signal transmission circuit includes signal transmitting chip, antenna, crystal oscillating circuit, key and pass Switch, described key and closing key connect the input of signal transmitting chip respectively, and described antenna passes through crystal oscillating circuit It is connected with the outfan of signal transmitting chip.Realized to food refuse disposer with signal receiving circuit by signal transmission circuit Remotely control, so greatly facilitate the opereating specification of food refuse disposer, while also improving food-trash treatment The processing safety of device.
Preferably, described water plug switch includes that water is covered and water plug lower cover beyond the Great Wall, described water cover beyond the Great Wall with water plug Lid is flexibly connected, and on described Magnet is arranged on the inside of the excircle that water is covered beyond the Great Wall, described water plug lower cover is fixedly mounted on water On plug connecting seat, described magnetic switch sensor is arranged on the top excircle of cavity.During so design causes tank Water inlet synchronously can be carried out with the food-trash treatment in food-trash treatment, improves the treatment effeciency to food refuse.
Preferably, described Magnet is square magnetic steel, described magnetic switch sensor is tongue tube, and described is square Magnet steel and tongue tube stagger when food refuse disposer does not work certain angle.Simple structure, it is easy to operate.
Based on the electric control method of the electric control system of food refuse disposer, magnetic switch circuit is controlled by Magnet Break-make, realize the Notify Me of food refuse disposer, delayed startup, timing shutdown, automatic feeding water and addition be clear automatically The function of washing liquid, concrete operation step are as follows:
(1) rotating water plug switch, the Magnet on water plug switch can be moved with the rotation that water plug is switched so that Magnet is slow Slowly just to the magnetic switch sensor in magnetic switch circuit, judge Magnet whether just to the magnetic switch in magnetic switch circuit Sensor, if it is not, then continuation steps (1);If so, then enter in step (2);Simultaneously with the rotation that water plug is switched, tank In water be flowed in cavity;
(2) buzzer in magnetic switch circuit sends sound and boots up prompting, while time-delay relay is operated;
(3), after time-delay relay work time delay 2 seconds, direct current generator assembly and electromagnetic valve start simultaneously, direct current generator assembly Power is provided to food-trash treatment, electromagnetic valve is opened and allows water to enter in cavity to rinse food refuse;
(4) central processing unit in magnetic switch circuit in time delay 15 seconds afterwards, give electromagnetic pump by time-delay relay Cleanout fluid is transported to cleaning chamber in cavity by enabling signal so that electromagnetic pump start work 2 seconds;
(5) central processing unit carries out timing to the working time of food refuse disposer, if the working time is less than 180 Second, then enter into step (6);If the working time more than 180 seconds, enters into step (7);
(6) magnetic switch sensor persistently detects Magnet signal, and when Magnet signal also exists, then food refuse disposer is still held Continuous work;When Magnet signal does not exist, then step (7) is entered into;
(7) food refuse disposer quits work.
In this method, by the use of buzzer, the start prompting of food refuse disposer is realized;By time delay relay Device is used cooperatively with central processing unit, is realized delayed startup, timing shutdown, automatic feeding water and is added automatically cleanout fluid, The water that delayed startup is enabled in tank is sufficiently mixed with the food refuse in cavity, is imitated with the nursing for improving food refuse Rate, timing shutdown can effective energy saving, while improving the security performance of food refuse disposer, automatic feeding water can fill The cavity that flushes out food refuse for dividing is entered in sewer pipe, and addition cleanout fluid can improve clean and tidy in cavity automatically Degree.
Preferably, in step (1), in the central processing unit detection signal receiving circuit in magnetic switch circuit whether Starting-up signal is received, if nothing, continuation steps (1);If having, step (2) is entered into;In step (6), magnetic switch Whether off signal is received in central processing unit detection signal receiving circuit in circuit, if nothing, food-trash treatment Device still continuous firing;If having, step (7) is entered into.So design realizes remote opening and the pass of food refuse disposer Close so that food refuse disposer it is safer with it is intelligent.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:The synchronicity of food refuse disposer is effectively improved, is improve to food rubbish The treatment effeciency of rubbish, improves the work efficiency of food refuse disposer, improves the security performance of food refuse disposer, real Show the manual and automatic control function of food refuse disposer, improve the service life of food refuse disposer, greatly Facilitate the opereating specification of food refuse disposer so that food refuse disposer is more intelligent.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of water plug switch;
Fig. 3 is the circuit theory diagrams of input control circuit;
Fig. 4 is the circuit theory diagrams of signal transmission circuit;
Fig. 5 is the circuit theory diagrams of signal receiving circuit;
Fig. 6 is the circuit theory diagrams of power circuit.
In figure:1. water plug is switched, and 11. water are covered beyond the Great Wall, 12. water plug lower covers, 2. water plug connecting seat, 3. cavity, and 4. magnetic control is opened Sensor is closed, 5. automatic feeding water interface tube I, 6. cleanout fluid pipe joint, 7. Magnet, SW1. keys, SW2. closing key, FUSE. fastp-acting fuse, FR. overload protective devices, DB. electromagnetic pumps, SV. electromagnetic valves.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 in described embodiment, a kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer is switched including water plug 1st, water plug connecting seat 2, cavity 3 and direct current generator assembly, water plug switch 1 are arranged on the upper end of cavity 3 by water plug connecting seat 2, Direct current generator assembly is arranged on the lower end of cavity 3, and water plug switch 1 is provided with Magnet 7, and Magnet 7 is square magnetic steel, and wherein water plug is opened Closing 1 includes water lid 11 and water plug lower cover 12 beyond the Great Wall, and lid 11 is flexibly connected water with water plug lower cover 12 beyond the Great Wall, and Magnet 7 is arranged on water plug On on the inside of the excircle of upper lid 11, water plug lower cover 12 is fixedly mounted on water plug connecting seat 2, and cavity 3 is provided with automatic feeding water pipe Interface I5, satellite interface 6 and magnetic switch circuit, satellite interface 6 are provided with three way cock, two other interface of three way cock Respectively automatic feeding water interface tube II and cleanout fluid pipe joint, are provided with electromagnetic valve at automatic feeding water interface tube II, clean liquid pipe Electromagnetic pump is provided with pipeline joint, and magnetic switch circuit includes magnetic switch sensor 4, input control for receiving 7 signal of Magnet Circuit processed, signal transmission circuit, signal receiving circuit and power circuit, magnetic switch sensor 4 are arranged on outside the top of cavity 3 On circumference, magnetic switch sensor 4 is tongue tube, and wherein square magnetic steel with tongue tube when food refuse disposer does not work is Stagger an angle of 90 degrees, direct current generator assembly, electromagnetic valve, electromagnetic pump, input control circuit, signal transmission circuit and signal receiving circuit Respectively connect power circuit, magnetic switch sensor 4 and signal receiving circuit are all connected with input control circuit, signal transmitting electricity Road connects signal receiving circuit.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, input control circuit includes buzzer, time-delay relay and central processing unit, time delay Relay includes two normally opened contacts J1 and J2, one of normally opened contact J1 connection electromagnetic valves and direct current generator assembly, another Individual normally opened contact J2 connects electromagnetic pump, and buzzer, two normally opened contacts J1 and J2 pass through audion and resistance respectively with central authorities The outfan connection of processor, magnetic switch sensor 4, signal receiving circuit are connected with the input of central processing unit respectively. Signal transmission circuit includes signal transmitting chip, antenna, crystal oscillating circuit, key and closing key, key and closing key difference The input of connection signal transmitting chip, antenna are connected with the outfan of signal transmitting chip by crystal oscillating circuit.
As shown in fig. 6, power circuit includes ac input end, fastp-acting fuse, overload protective device, two bridge rectifiers D1 and D3, manostat, the zero line of ac input end are sequentially connected fastp-acting fuse and overload protective device, overload protective device it is another One end of one input, one end of normally opened contact J1 and normally opened contact J2 of one end connection bridge rectifier D1, normally opened contact One end of the other end connection electromagnetic valve of J1 and an input of bridge rectifier D 3, the other end connection electricity of normally opened contact J2 One end of magnetic pumping, the zero line side of ac input end connect respectively another input of bridge rectifier D1, electromagnetic pump it is another End, another input of the other end of electromagnetic valve, bridge rectifier D 3, two outfans of bridge rectifier D 1 respectively according to It is provided with for 12 volts of DC voltage output ends for time-delay relay coil power supply after secondary connection stabilivolt D2 and filter capacitor C1, Filter capacitor C1 be provided with after manostat and filter capacitor C2 is sequentially connected for for buzzer, central processing unit and receive electricity 5 volts of DC voltage output ends that road powers, two outfan connection direct current generator assemblies of bridge rectifier D 2.
In the present invention, based on the electric control method of the electric control system of food refuse disposer, its concrete operations is walked It is rapid as follows, when water plug switch 1 is in initial position, magnetic switch on water Magnet 7 and cavity 3 beyond the Great Wall on the inside of 11 excircle of lid Magnetic switch sensor 4 in circuit mutually staggers 90 degree, so food refuse disposer does not start, so the water in tank is not Can be flowed in cavity 3, only can be stored in tank.When lid 11 rotates to an angle of 90 degrees to water beyond the Great Wall, water plug switch 1 is opened, Now the water in tank is flowed in cavity 3, at the same water Magnet 7 beyond the Great Wall on lid 11 just to magnetic switch circuit in dry spring Pipe, magnetic switch circuit receive signal and are operated, and the buzzer in magnetic switch circuit sends sound and boots up prompting, together When time-delay relay in normally opened contact J1 closures, by time-delay relay time delay 2 seconds afterwards, direct current generator assembly and electromagnetic valve Start simultaneously, control direct current generator assembly is processed to the food refuse in cavity 3, while the work by electromagnetic valve, from The water energy of dynamic water inlet tube interface I5 is enough automatically flowed in cylinder body, provides current rinsing food refuse to cavity 3,15 seconds it Central processing unit controls electromagnetic pump start work 2 seconds afterwards, and cleanout fluid is transported to by cleanout fluid pipe joint can in cavity 3 Give cavity 3 to clean, to improve the cleannes in cavity 3, prevent the residual for growing abnormal flavour of antibacterial, the food for having processed Rubbish is discharged in sewer pipe.In addition, central processing unit also carries out timing to the working time of food refuse disposer, pass through Magnetic switch circuit carries out automatic shutdown setting to food refuse disposer, and setting time is 180 seconds, operationally interior, magnetic Control switch sensor 4 persistently detects 7 signal of Magnet, if 7 signal of Magnet also exists, food refuse disposer still continuous firing;If 7 signal of Magnet does not exist, food refuse disposer shutdown;After the working time more than 180 seconds, central processing unit is automatically obtained food The shutdown of thing garbage disposer, prevents direct current generator assembly from working for a long time excessively, effectively raises food refuse disposer Service life, while also having the advantages that energy-conserving and environment-protective.
In magnetic control on-off circuit is detected while 7 signal of Magnet, the central processing unit in magnetic switch circuit is also detected Whether starting-up signal is received in signal receiving circuit, if signal transmission circuit is not launched starting-up signal and receives electricity to signal Road, then central processing unit persistently detect in magnetic control on-off circuit starting-up signal in 7 signal of Magnet and signal receiving circuit;If letter Number radiating circuit has transmitting starting-up signal to signal receiving circuit, then enter into the process rubbish step of food refuse disposer In, the process rubbish step that 7 signal of Magnet enters into food refuse disposer is received in concrete steps and magnetic switch circuit It is identical.In addition, setting 180 second working time in, the central processing unit in magnetic switch circuit also continue detection signal connect Whether off signal is received in receiving circuit, if signal transmission circuit does not launch off signal to signal receiving circuit, Food refuse disposer still continuous firing;If signal transmission circuit has transmitting off signal to signal receiving circuit, food rubbish Rubbish processor shuts down.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer, is characterized in that, including water plug switch (1), water plug connecting seat (2), cavity (3) and direct current generator assembly, described water plug switch (1) are arranged on the upper of cavity (3) by water plug connecting seat (2) End, described direct current generator assembly are arranged on the lower end of cavity (3), and described water plug switch (1) is provided with Magnet (7), described Cavity (3) be provided with automatic feeding water interface tube I (5), satellite interface (6) and magnetic switch circuit, described satellite interface (6) Three way cock is provided with, two other interface respectively automatic feeding water interface tube II and the cleanout fluid pipeline of the three way cock connect Mouthful, electromagnetic valve is provided with described automatic feeding water interface tube II, is provided with electromagnetic pump at described cleanout fluid pipe joint, it is described Magnetic switch circuit is included for receiving the magnetic switch sensor (4) of Magnet (7) signal, input control circuit, signal transmitting Circuit, signal receiving circuit and power circuit, described direct current generator assembly, electromagnetic valve, electromagnetic pump, input control circuit, letter Number radiating circuit and signal receiving circuit respectively connect power circuit, and described magnetic switch sensor (4) and signal are received Circuit is all connected with input control circuit, described signal transmission circuit connection signal receiving circuit, described input control circuit Including buzzer, time-delay relay and central processing unit, described time-delay relay includes two normally opened contacts J1 and J2, wherein One normally opened contact J1 connection electromagnetic valve and direct current generator assembly, another normally opened contact J2 connection electromagnetic pumps, described buzzing Device, two normally opened contacts J1 and J2 are connected with the outfan of central processing unit by audion and resistance respectively, described magnetic Control switch sensor (4), signal receiving circuit are connected with the input of central processing unit respectively, and described power circuit includes handing over Stream input, two bridge rectifier Ds 1 and D3, manostat, one of the zero line connection bridge rectifier D1 of ac input end One end of input, one end of normally opened contact J1 and normally opened contact J2, the other end of normally opened contact J1 connect one end of electromagnetic valve With an input of bridge rectifier D 3, the other end of normally opened contact J2 connects one end of electromagnetic pump, and the zero of ac input end Line end connects another input of bridge rectifier D1, the other end of electromagnetic pump, the other end of electromagnetic valve, bridge rectifier respectively Another input of device D3, two outfans of bridge rectifier D 1 are being sequentially connected stabilivolt D2 and filter capacitor C1 respectively It is provided with for 12 volts of DC voltage output ends for time-delay relay coil power supply afterwards, filter capacitor C1 is being sequentially connected manostat Be provided with 5 volts of DC voltage output ends for powering for buzzer, central processing unit and receiving circuit after filter capacitor C2, Two outfans connection direct current generator assemblies of bridge rectifier D 2, described water plug switch (1) including water cover beyond the Great Wall (11) and Water plug lower cover (12), described water are covered (11) beyond the Great Wall and are flexibly connected with water plug lower cover (12), and described Magnet (7) is arranged on water plug On on the inside of the excircle of upper lid (11), described water plug lower cover (12) is fixedly mounted on water plug connecting seat (2), described magnetic control Switch sensor (4) is arranged on the top excircle of cavity (3).
2. a kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described power supply Circuit also includes fastp-acting fuse, and the zero line of the ac input end connects one end of fastp-acting fuse, the quick fuse One end of one input, one end of normally opened contact J1 and normally opened contact J2 of the other end connection bridge rectifier D1 of device.
3. a kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described power supply Circuit also includes overload protective device, and described overload protective device is thermorelay, and the other end of the fastp-acting fuse connected Carry one end of protector, an input of the other end connection bridge rectifier D1 of the overload protective device, normally opened contact J1 One end and normally opened contact J2 one end.
4. a kind of electric control system of the food refuse disposer according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, described Signal transmission circuit include signal transmitting chip, antenna, crystal oscillating circuit, key and closing key, described key and pass Switch connects the input of signal transmitting chip respectively, and described antenna is by crystal oscillating circuit and the outfan of signal transmitting chip Connection.
5. a kind of electric control system of food refuse disposer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Magnet (7) it is square magnetic steel, described magnetic switch sensor (4) is tongue tube, and described square magnetic steel and tongue tube are in food rubbish Rubbish processor staggers when not working certain angle.
6. the electric control method based on the electric control system of food refuse disposer as claimed in claim 1, its feature It is that the break-make of magnetic switch circuit is controlled by Magnet (7), realizes the Notify Me of food refuse disposer, delayed startup, timing The function of shutdown, automatic feeding water and automatic addition cleanout fluid, concrete operation step are as follows:
(1) rotating water plug switch (1), the Magnet (7) on water plug switch (1) can be moved as water plug switchs the rotation of (1), made Magnet (7) is obtained slowly just to the magnetic switch sensor (4) in magnetic switch circuit, judges whether Magnet (7) is just opened to magnetic control Magnetic switch sensor (4) in powered-down road, if it is not, then continuation steps (1);If so, then enter in step (2);While with The rotation of water plug switch (1), the water in tank is flowed in cavity (3);
(2) buzzer in magnetic switch circuit sends sound and boots up prompting, while time-delay relay is operated;
(3), after time-delay relay work time delay 2 seconds, direct current generator assembly and electromagnetic valve start simultaneously, and direct current generator assembly is to food Thing garbage disposal provides power, and electromagnetic valve is opened and allows water to enter in cavity (3) to rinse food refuse;
(4) central processing unit in magnetic switch circuit in time delay 15 seconds afterwards, give electromagnetism pump startup by time-delay relay Cleanout fluid is transported to cavity (3) interior cleaning chamber (3) by signal so that electromagnetic pump start work 2 seconds;
(5) central processing unit carries out timing to the working time of food refuse disposer, if the working time is less than 180 seconds, Enter into step (6);If the working time more than 180 seconds, enters into step (7);
(6) magnetic switch sensor (4) persistently detects Magnet (7) signal, when Magnet (7) signal also exists, then food-trash treatment Device still continuous firing;When Magnet (7) signal does not exist, then step (7) is entered into;
(7) food refuse disposer quits work.
7. the electric control method of the electric control system based on food refuse disposer according to claim 6, which is special Levying is, in step (1), whether receives start in the central processing unit detection signal receiving circuit in magnetic switch circuit Signal, if nothing, continuation steps (1);If having, step (2) is entered into;In step (6), the central authorities in magnetic switch circuit Whether off signal is received in processor detection signal receiving circuit, if nothing, food refuse disposer still continuous firing; If having, step (7) is entered into.
CN201410092355.8A 2014-03-14 2014-03-14 Electrical control system and method for food waste processor Expired - Fee Related CN104020698B (en)

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CN108940559B (en) * 2018-06-05 2020-11-03 佛山市顺德区美的洗涤电器制造有限公司 Control method and garbage crusher
CN110773307B (en) * 2019-10-17 2021-07-20 佛山市扎尔电器科技有限公司 Control method of food waste disposer

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