CN103967332B - The construction method of a kind of building site enclosing - Google Patents

The construction method of a kind of building site enclosing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103967332B
CN103967332B CN201410167820.XA CN201410167820A CN103967332B CN 103967332 B CN103967332 B CN 103967332B CN 201410167820 A CN201410167820 A CN 201410167820A CN 103967332 B CN103967332 B CN 103967332B
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enclosing
column
parapet
construction
groove
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CN201410167820.XA
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CN103967332A (en
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柴艳飞
任富芝
安文河
徐利
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China Construction Sixth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Sixth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the construction method of a kind of building site enclosing, adopt following steps: one) according to enclosing mixture proportioning in construction, measurement and positioning is carried out to enclosing; Two) first construct upright post basic then parapet basis of constructing between adjacent two upright post basics, parapet of constructing in parapet basis, finally applies column on upright post basic, is respectively equipped with socket and lower socket in the both sides of column; Three) top enclosing structure is installed, comprises the following steps: 1) at the bottom plug-in mounting lower transverse beam of column, described lower transverse beam is provided with opening up draw-in groove; 2) plug-in mounting surrounding baffle in the draw-in groove of lower transverse beam; 3) at the top plug-in mounting top rail of column, described top rail is provided with downward opening draw-in groove; The draw-in groove of top rail is stuck in the top of surrounding baffle.Speed of application of the present invention is fast, and construction cost is low, and installing/dismounting is flexible, and apply material recyclable, the Rigidity and strength applying structure is higher.

Description

The construction method of a kind of building site enclosing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the construction method of a kind of job site enclosing, particularly the construction method of a kind of building site enclosing.
Background technology
The job site such as track traffic and building construction relates to a large amount of place enclosing structures, the enclosing structure of current employing adopts brickwork, concrete structure or iron sheet to add steel frame mostly, it is slow to there is speed of application in brickwork and concrete structure, construction cost is higher, installing/dismounting is dumb, can not the shortcoming such as recycling; The Rigidity and strength that iron sheet adds steel frame enclosing structure is lower, very easily destroy, and wind loading rating is poor.
Along with the increase year by year of the construction amounts such as China's infrastructure and building construction, in the urgent need to designing a kind of enclosing structure of job site, meeting safely, stablizing, install and dismantle flexible, attractive in appearance, economic dispatch composite request.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the construction method of a kind of building site enclosing for solving in known technology the technical problem that exists, and the method speed of application is fast, and construction cost is low, and installing/dismounting is flexible, and apply material recyclable, the Rigidity and strength applying structure is higher.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes for the technical problem existed in solution known technology is: the construction method of a kind of building site enclosing, adopts following steps:
One) according to enclosing mixture proportioning in construction, measurement and positioning is carried out to enclosing;
Two) first to construct upright post basic, to construct between adjacent two upright post basics again parapet basis, to construct in parapet basis parapet, after upright post basic, parapet basis and parapet reach design strength, upright post basic applies column, is respectively equipped with socket and lower socket in the both sides of column;
Three) top enclosing structure is installed, comprises the following steps:
1) install lower transverse beam in the bottom of column, mounting method is: be seated in by lower transverse beam on the end face of described parapet, and is inserted in the lower socket of column by the end of lower transverse beam, and described lower transverse beam is provided with opening up draw-in groove,
2) plug-in mounting surrounding baffle in the draw-in groove of lower transverse beam;
3) install crossbeam at the top of column, mounting method is: be inserted into the end of top rail in the upper socket of column, described top rail is provided with downward opening draw-in groove; The draw-in groove of top rail is stuck in the top of surrounding baffle.
In described step 2) in upright post basic in pre-buried high-strength bolt, column adopt steel post, steel post is fixed on described upright post basic by high-strength bolt.
In described step 2) in, the surrounding baffle length between two adjacent upright is more than or equal to 4m, and in the middle of this surrounding baffle, arrange sleeper, the bottom of sleeper is fixed on the end face of lower transverse beam.
The height of described column is 1.8 ~ 2.6m.
The degree of depth and the width of described upright post basic are all not less than 300mm, and the degree of depth and the width on described parapet basis are all not less than 300mm.
Width 2 ~ the 3mm larger than the thickness of surrounding baffle of the draw-in groove of described top rail, the degree of depth of the draw-in groove of described top rail is 30 ~ 70mm; Width 2 ~ the 3mm larger than the thickness of surrounding baffle of the draw-in groove of described lower transverse beam, the degree of depth of the draw-in groove of described lower transverse beam is 30 ~ 70mm.
The advantage that the present invention has and good effect are: by the method adopting brickwork and/or concrete structure to combine with surrounding baffle structure, take into account the construction advantage of two kinds of structures, have that speed of application is fast, construction cost is low, installing/dismounting is flexible and while applying the callable advantage of material, also there is the advantage that the Rigidity and strength that applies structure is higher, can meet completely current to enclosing structure propose safe, stablize, install and dismantle composite request that is flexible, attractive in appearance, economic dispatch aspect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the enclosing structural facades figure of application the present invention construction;
Fig. 2 is the steel post of application the present invention construction and the elevation on basis thereof;
Fig. 3 is the brick column of application the present invention construction and the elevation on basis thereof;
Fig. 4 is the parapet of application the present invention construction and the elevation on basis thereof.
In figure: 1, column; 2, surrounding baffle; 3, top rail; 4, parapet; 5, parapet basis; 6, fixed head; 7, lower transverse beam; 8, upright post basic; 9, high-strength bolt; 11, steel post; 1a, upper socket; 1b, lower socket; 12, brick column.
Detailed description of the invention
For summary of the invention of the present invention, Characteristic can be understood further, hereby exemplify following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows:
Refer to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 4, the construction method of a kind of building site enclosing, adopt following steps:
One) according to enclosing mixture proportioning in construction, measurement and positioning is carried out to enclosing;
Usual enclosing surveying and locating be the outer edge line of enclosing.
Two) first to construct upright post basic 8, then parapet basis 5 of constructing between adjacent two upright post basics 8, parapet of constructing in parapet basis 5; After upright post basic, parapet basis and parapet reach design strength, upright post basic 8 applies column 1, is respectively equipped with socket 1a and lower socket 1b in the both sides of column 1;
Upright post basic 8 and parapet basis 5 all can adopt concrete structure also can adopt brickwork construction, and size determines according to upper load, but the degree of depth and width are all not less than 300mm.
When upright post basic 8 and parapet basis 3 all adopt concrete structure, releasing basic position according to surveying the measured enclosing position line, carrying out the excavation of basic groove by enclosing designing requirement, after groove acceptance(check), carrying out base concrete and build.Strictly to control concrete quality and performance parameter in work progress to meet design requirement.
Reach until base concrete intensity and carry out top parapet after designing requirement and build by laying bricks or stones, parapet masonry mortar intensity and brickwork intensity will meet design strength requirement, and upright post basic adopts concrete placing, carries out formwork in work progress with wooden model.When column 1 adopts steel post 11, need pre-buried high-strength bolt 9 in upright post basic 8, for fixing steel post 11.High-strength bolt 9 can change the plain bolt of same diameter or the large one-level of diameter into, and the length of high-strength bolt is 60 ~ 80mm.
The building construction of parapet basis 5, upright post basic 8 and top parapet 4 need meet the requirement of " concrete structure engineering construction quality accident specification " (GB50204 ~ 2011) and " masonry structure engineering construction quality standards of acceptance " (GB50203 ~ 2011).
Column 1 can adopt steel post 11 or brick column 12.When adopting steel post 11, after steel post 11 needs to be prefabricated in the factory as requested usually, the scene of transporting to is carried out assembled, after lower curtate basis and parapet reach design strength, first steel post 11 is installed, fixed head 6 is set bottom steel post 11, steel post 11 pre-buried high-strength bolt 9 and fixed head 6 are fixed on upright post basic 8.When adopting brick column 12, brick column 12 is built by laying bricks or stones at the scene.The height of described column 1 is advisable with 1.8 ~ 2.6m.
Above-mentioned column 1 can all adopt steel post 11, also can all adopt brick column 12, also can be that part adopts steel post 11, another part adopts brick column 12, the cross section of steel post 12 can be rectangle, and also can be other shape, column 1 can also adopt reinforced concrete structure.Spacing between two adjacent upright 1 is advisable with 3 ~ 6m.
Three) top enclosing structure is installed, comprises the following steps:
1) install lower transverse beam 7 in the bottom of column 1, mounting method is: be seated in by lower transverse beam 7 on the end face of described parapet 4, and is inserted into the end of lower transverse beam 7 in the lower socket 1b of column 1, and described lower transverse beam 7 is provided with opening up draw-in groove;
2) plug-in mounting surrounding baffle 2 in the draw-in groove of lower transverse beam 7; When the length of the surrounding baffle 2 between two adjacent upright is more than or equal to 4m, need to arrange sleeper in the middle of this surrounding baffle 2, the bottom of sleeper is fixed on the end face of lower transverse beam 7.
In the present embodiment, surrounding baffle 2 adopts color steel sandwich plate, and thickness is 40 ~ 70mm, surrounding bound edge or not bound edge, and monolithic is of a size of 2 × 2m, can be also other size, determine according to stem height.
3) install crossbeam 3 at the top of column 1, mounting method is: be inserted into the end of top rail 3 in the upper socket 1a of column 1, described top rail 3 is provided with downward opening draw-in groove; The draw-in groove of top rail 3 is stuck in the top of surrounding baffle 2.
Upper and lower crossbeam can adopt square steel to be welded with the structure of channel-section steel, also can be " C " shaped steel, and the width of draw-in groove should 2 ~ 3mm larger than the thickness of surrounding baffle, and the degree of depth of draw-in groove is 30 ~ 70mm.
Finally illuminating lamp, warning lamp are installed on the end face of column and make a video recording first-class.
The effect of above-mentioned surrounding baffle realizes closing of construction plant, and the Main Function of upper and lower crossbeam is fixing surrounding baffle, avoids that surrounding baffle is upper and lower, left and right is movable, is secondly adjacent upright posts is connected into entirety.Column is the skeleton of enclosing structure, plays fixing surrounding baffle and the load that transmitted by surrounding baffle passes to the effect on basis.The effect of column fixed head and high-strength bolt is fixed together at column and upright post basic.Parapet mainly plays crashproof effect.
To sum up, the force structure that the present invention adopts is: the load that surrounding baffle transmits by column passes to parapet basis and upright post basic, and parapet basis and upright post basic play the effect of bearing whole enclosing whole load, can guarantee the stable of whole enclosing structure.
Although be described the preferred embodiments of the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings above; but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned detailed description of the invention; above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is only schematic; be not restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present invention; do not departing under the ambit that present inventive concept and claim protect, can also make a lot of form, these all belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a construction method for building site enclosing, is characterized in that, adopts following steps:
One) according to enclosing mixture proportioning in construction, measurement and positioning is carried out to enclosing;
Two) first to construct upright post basic, to construct between adjacent two upright post basics again parapet basis, to construct in parapet basis parapet, after upright post basic, parapet basis and parapet reach design strength, upright post basic applies column, is respectively equipped with socket and lower socket in the both sides of column;
Three) top enclosing structure is installed, comprises the following steps:
1) install lower transverse beam in the bottom of column, mounting method is: be seated in by lower transverse beam on the end face of described parapet, and is inserted in the lower socket of column by the end of lower transverse beam, and described lower transverse beam is provided with opening up draw-in groove,
2) plug-in mounting surrounding baffle in the draw-in groove of lower transverse beam;
3) install crossbeam at the top of column, mounting method is: be inserted into the end of top rail in the upper socket of column, described top rail is provided with downward opening draw-in groove; The draw-in groove of top rail is stuck in the top of surrounding baffle.
2. the construction method of building site according to claim 1 enclosing, is characterized in that, in described step 2) in upright post basic in pre-buried high-strength bolt, column adopt steel post, steel post is fixed on described upright post basic by high-strength bolt.
3. the construction method of building site according to claim 1 enclosing, it is characterized in that, in described step 2) in, the surrounding baffle length between two adjacent upright is more than or equal to 4m, in the middle of this surrounding baffle, arrange sleeper, the bottom of sleeper is fixed on the end face of lower transverse beam.
4. the construction method of building site according to claim 1 enclosing, is characterized in that, the height of described column is 1.8-2.6m.
5. the construction method of building site according to claim 1 enclosing, is characterized in that, the degree of depth and the width of described upright post basic are all not less than 300mm, and the degree of depth and the width on described parapet basis are all not less than 300mm.
6. the construction method of building site according to claim 1 enclosing, is characterized in that, the width 2-3mm larger than the thickness of surrounding baffle of the draw-in groove of described top rail, and the degree of depth of the draw-in groove of described top rail is 30 ~ 70mm; The width 2-3mm larger than the thickness of surrounding baffle of the draw-in groove of described lower transverse beam, the degree of depth of the draw-in groove of described lower transverse beam is 30 ~ 70mm.
CN201410167820.XA 2014-04-24 2014-04-24 The construction method of a kind of building site enclosing Active CN103967332B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105113851B (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-11-28 上海建工二建集团有限公司 A kind of construction fence and its construction method of multifunctional precast assembled architecture
CN107143204B (en) * 2017-05-31 2019-04-26 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Detachable assembling enclosure construction method
CN107724778A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-02-23 蒋先正 Construction temporary fence

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07207991A (en) * 1994-01-11 1995-08-08 Natl House Ind Co Ltd Wall construction method and framing
JPH08134852A (en) * 1994-11-09 1996-05-28 R Kogyo Mitsuwa Kk Fence with shield plate
CN201874306U (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-06-22 南京钰通交通设施工程有限公司 Stable and reliable surrounding barrier quick to assemble and disassemble at construction site
CN103061579A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-04-24 沈阳兆寰现代建筑产业园有限公司 Assembly type bounding wall
CN203160828U (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-08-28 浙江水利水电专科学校 Municipal engineering rail structure
CN203499340U (en) * 2013-09-24 2014-03-26 王广明 Prefabricated assembled enclosure

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060192190A1 (en) * 2002-10-18 2006-08-31 Brucker John J Modular vinyl fence system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07207991A (en) * 1994-01-11 1995-08-08 Natl House Ind Co Ltd Wall construction method and framing
JPH08134852A (en) * 1994-11-09 1996-05-28 R Kogyo Mitsuwa Kk Fence with shield plate
CN201874306U (en) * 2010-12-03 2011-06-22 南京钰通交通设施工程有限公司 Stable and reliable surrounding barrier quick to assemble and disassemble at construction site
CN103061579A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-04-24 沈阳兆寰现代建筑产业园有限公司 Assembly type bounding wall
CN203160828U (en) * 2013-03-22 2013-08-28 浙江水利水电专科学校 Municipal engineering rail structure
CN203499340U (en) * 2013-09-24 2014-03-26 王广明 Prefabricated assembled enclosure

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