CN103952205A - Biomass compact briquette fuel and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Biomass compact briquette fuel and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103952205A
CN103952205A CN201410176740.0A CN201410176740A CN103952205A CN 103952205 A CN103952205 A CN 103952205A CN 201410176740 A CN201410176740 A CN 201410176740A CN 103952205 A CN103952205 A CN 103952205A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
fuel
biomass compact
raw
sawdust
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410176740.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴佳奇
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蒙城县盛焰秸秆有限公司
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Priority to CN201410176740.0A priority Critical patent/CN103952205A/en
Publication of CN103952205A publication Critical patent/CN103952205A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses biomass compact briquette fuel and a preparation method thereof. The biomass compact briquette fuel is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 50-80 parts of wheat straw, 35-45 parts of corncobs, 20-30 parts of pine needle, 10-15 parts of sawdust, 5-10 parts of traditional Chinese medicine residue, 8-14 parts of fish meal, 12-18 parts of palm shell, 4-8 parts of sawdust, 5-10 parts of camellia seed cake, 7-14 parts of soybean oil, 6-12 parts of bone meal, 10-15 parts of coconut coir and 15-20 parts of peanut shell. The biomass compact briquette fuel is prepared from the multiple raw materials such as the wheat straw, the pine needle, the sawdust and the traditional Chinese medicine residue by grinding, mixing, drying, compressing, cooling and packaging, so that the problems of great demand for one raw material and difficulty in collection of the single raw material can be solved; the heat value of the fuel can also be obviously increased; the unit heat value of the fuel can reach 6000 kilocalorie; when being burned, the fuel is smokeless, tasteless, clean and environment-friendly; and the combustion ratio of the fuel can reach above 98%, the using cost of the fuel is far lower than that of petroleum energy sources, and the biomass compact briquette fuel can be widely applied to industrial and agricultural production, electricity generation, heat supply and heating, boilers and the like and has a wide application prospect.

Description

A kind of biomass compact forming fuel and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass compact forming fuel and preparation method thereof, belong to biomass energy source domain.
Background technology
Biomass molding fuel is that agricultural-forestry biomass raw material (is comprised to the various resistatess of farm crop, forest branches and leaves and industrial wood waste, grass class, ight soil etc.) process, make it have people's shape easy to use, size and density, it is a kind of renewable energy source of clean low-carbon, compared with kerosene oil-gas fuel, biomass molding fuel taking forest and agricultural biomass as raw material, not only reduce discharging low, usefulness is high, economical and practical, environmentally safe, can also make up the short slab of concentrated supply of heating in the city, in Future New Energy Source strategy, occupy critical role, it is the high-quality environment-friendly fuel that substitutes conventional fossil energy.At present, traditional biomass compact forming granular fuel exists the shortcomings such as proportioning raw materials is single, calorific value is low, has limited the large-scale promotion application of biomass molding fuel.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of abundant raw material, calorific value are high, the biomass compact forming fuel of smoke-free and tasteless, clean environment firendly and preparation method thereof.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of biomass compact forming fuel, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: wheat stalk 50-80, corn cob 35-45, pine needle 20-30, wood chip 10-15, Chinese medicine slag 5-10, fish meal 8-14, palm hull 12-18, sawdust 4-8, tea-seed pancake 5-10, soybean oil 7-14, bone meal 6-12, coconut palm chaff 10-15, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15-20.
Preferably, a kind of biomass compact forming fuel, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: wheat stalk 60, corn cob 40, pine needle 25, wood chip 15, Chinese medicine slag 8, fish meal 12, palm hull 16, sawdust 6, tea-seed pancake 8, soybean oil 12, bone meal 8, coconut palm chaff 14, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 16.
The preparation method of biomass compact forming fuel of the present invention, comprise the following steps: respectively wheat stalk, pine needle, palm hull, corn cob, peanut hull meal are broken into the following particle of 4mm, mix with all the other raw materials again, then normal temperature seasoning is to water ratio to 5-10%, dropping into and being compressed into a kind of sectional dimension in compacting shape machine is 10-15mm, length is the cylinder shape particle of 20-30mm, naturally cools to normal temperature, and biomass compact forming granular fuel of the present invention is packed and obtained in pack.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention adopts the plurality of raw materials collocation such as wheat stalk, pine needle, wood chip, Chinese medicine slag to prepare biomass compact forming fuel, not only can effectively avoid the very much not problem of easily collecting of single raw materials requirement amount, can also obviously improve the calorific value of fuel, unit calorific value can reach 6000 kilocalories, and smoke-free and tasteless when burning, clean environment firendly, rate of combustion can reach more than 98%, calorific value is high, use cost is far below petroleum-based energy, can be widely used in industrial and agricultural production, generating, heat supply heating, burning boiler, cook etc., have a extensive future.That biomass biomass compact forming fuel production technique of the present invention has is simple to operation, with low cost, be easy to realize that industrialization is produced and the feature such as extensive use.Effective exploitation of the present invention utilizes waste, for effective alleviation energy shortage, administers waste pollution, preserves the ecological environment, and promotes that harmony between man and nature development is significant.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
Get the raw material of following weight (kg): wheat stalk 50, corn cob 35, pine needle 20, wood chip 10, Chinese medicine slag 5, fish meal 8, palm hull 12, sawdust 4, tea-seed pancake 5, soybean oil 7, bone meal 6, coconut palm chaff 10, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15.
Preparation method: respectively wheat stalk, pine needle, palm hull, corn cob, peanut hull meal are broken into the following particle of 4mm, mix with all the other raw materials again, then normal temperature seasoning is to water ratio to 5-10%, dropping into and being compressed into a kind of sectional dimension in compacting shape machine is 10mm, length is the cylinder shape particle of 20mm, naturally cool to normal temperature, biomass compact forming granular fuel of the present invention is packed and is obtained in pack.
The technical indicator of the biomass compact forming granular fuel making is as follows: density: 1230kg/m 3, moisture 8.9%, ash content: 1.6, thermal value: 17.58.
Embodiment 2
Getting the raw material of following weight (kg) makes: wheat stalk 60, corn cob 40, pine needle 25, wood chip 15, Chinese medicine slag 8, fish meal 12, palm hull 16, sawdust 6, tea-seed pancake 8, soybean oil 12, bone meal 8, coconut palm chaff 14, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 16.
Preparation method: respectively wheat stalk, pine needle, palm hull, corn cob, peanut hull meal are broken into the following particle of 4mm, mix with all the other raw materials again, then dry to water ratio to 5-10%, dropping into and being compressed into a kind of sectional dimension in compacting shape machine is 12 millimeters, length is the cylinder shape particle of 25 millimeters, naturally cool to normal temperature, biomass compact forming granular fuel of the present invention is packed and is obtained in pack.
The technical indicator of the biomass compact forming granular fuel making is as follows: density: 1305kg/m 3, moisture 9.2%, ash content: 1.9, thermal value: 19.26.
Embodiment 3
Getting the raw material of following weight (kg) makes: wheat stalk 80, corn cob 45, pine needle 30, wood chip 15, Chinese medicine slag 10, fish meal 14, palm hull 18, sawdust 8, tea-seed pancake 10, soybean oil 14, bone meal 12, coconut palm chaff 15, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 20.
Preparation method: respectively wheat stalk, pine needle, palm hull, corn cob, peanut hull meal are broken into the following particle of 4mm, mix with all the other raw materials again, then dry to water ratio to 5-10%, dropping into and being compressed into a kind of sectional dimension in compacting shape machine is 15 millimeters, length is the cylinder shape particle of 30 millimeters, naturally cool to normal temperature, biomass compact forming granular fuel of the present invention is packed and is obtained in pack.
The technical indicator of the biomass compact forming granular fuel making is as follows: density: 1362kg/m 3, moisture 9.8%, ash content: 2.2, thermal value: 20.18.

Claims (3)

1. a biomass compact forming fuel, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight part: wheat stalk 50-80, corn cob 35-45, pine needle 20-30, wood chip 10-15, Chinese medicine slag 5-10, fish meal 8-14, palm hull 12-18, sawdust 4-8, tea-seed pancake 5-10, soybean oil 7-14, bone meal 6-12, coconut palm chaff 10-15, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 15-20.
2. a kind of biomass compact forming fuel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, made by the raw material of following weight part: wheat stalk 60, corn cob 40, pine needle 25, wood chip 15, Chinese medicine slag 8, fish meal 12, palm hull 16, sawdust 6, tea-seed pancake 8, soybean oil 12, bone meal 8, coconut palm chaff 14, Pericarppium arachidis hypogaeae 16.
3. the preparation method of biomass compact forming fuel as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps: respectively wheat stalk, pine needle, palm hull, corn cob, peanut hull meal are broken into the following particle of 4mm, mix with all the other raw materials again, then normal temperature seasoning is to water ratio to 5-10%, dropping into and being compressed into a kind of sectional dimension in compacting shape machine is 10-15mm, length is the cylinder shape particle of 20-30mm, naturally cool to normal temperature, biomass compact forming granular fuel of the present invention is packed and is obtained in pack.
CN201410176740.0A 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Biomass compact briquette fuel and preparation method thereof CN103952205A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410176740.0A CN103952205A (en) 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Biomass compact briquette fuel and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410176740.0A CN103952205A (en) 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Biomass compact briquette fuel and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104357119A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-02-18 厦门三和利能源科技有限公司 Biomass carbon particle and preparation method thereof
CN104449935A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Novel compact biomass forming fuel
CN104449936A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Novel biomass forming fuel
CN104449937A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Biomass forming fuel
CN104694201A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 陵川县惠民新能源开发有限公司 New biomass energy granules and preparation method thereof
CN104946336A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 钟诚 Biological grain fuel and preparation method thereof
CN105695023A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-06-22 怀宁县环能机制炭有限公司 Process of preparing machine-made charcoal by using traditional Chinese medicine residues
CN106047435A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 光大生物能源(含山)有限公司 Pine needle burning power generation method
CN106190396A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-12-07 宁波立华植物提取技术有限公司 A kind of method utilizing Radix Paeoniae Alba extraction garbage to make bio-fuel
CN106635227A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-05-10 黄山锦富生物能源有限公司 Bio-particle fuel with tea residue as main ingredient
CN106867618A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-06-20 公主岭市响水镇益农种植专业合作社 A kind of novel biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN107880962A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-06 广西银英生物质能源科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of biomass combined coal
CN107903975A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 广西银英生物质能源科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of environmentally friendly biomass energy particle
CN108463284A (en) * 2016-03-28 2018-08-28 株式会社大贵 The manufacturing method and manufacturing device of water-absorbing material
CN109628192A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-16 龙正环保股份有限公司 A kind of biomass compact forming fuel and preparation method thereof
GB2585189A (en) * 2019-06-26 2021-01-06 Hall Hunter Partnership Farming Biomass fuel elements

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87102032A (en) * 1987-05-26 1988-12-14 周志光 A kind of is the artificial coal of major ingredient with earth
CN101381644A (en) * 2008-10-21 2009-03-11 杨正 Energy-saving clean coal
CN103060043A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-04-24 柳州宝源生物燃料有限公司 Oily biomass wood dust particle fuel formula with high combustion value and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87102032A (en) * 1987-05-26 1988-12-14 周志光 A kind of is the artificial coal of major ingredient with earth
CN101381644A (en) * 2008-10-21 2009-03-11 杨正 Energy-saving clean coal
CN103060043A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-04-24 柳州宝源生物燃料有限公司 Oily biomass wood dust particle fuel formula with high combustion value and preparation method thereof

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104357119A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-02-18 厦门三和利能源科技有限公司 Biomass carbon particle and preparation method thereof
CN104449935A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Novel compact biomass forming fuel
CN104449936A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Novel biomass forming fuel
CN104449937A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-03-25 常熟市华技锅炉制造有限公司 Biomass forming fuel
CN104694201A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 陵川县惠民新能源开发有限公司 New biomass energy granules and preparation method thereof
CN104946336A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-09-30 钟诚 Biological grain fuel and preparation method thereof
CN105695023A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-06-22 怀宁县环能机制炭有限公司 Process of preparing machine-made charcoal by using traditional Chinese medicine residues
CN108463284A (en) * 2016-03-28 2018-08-28 株式会社大贵 The manufacturing method and manufacturing device of water-absorbing material
CN106190396A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-12-07 宁波立华植物提取技术有限公司 A kind of method utilizing Radix Paeoniae Alba extraction garbage to make bio-fuel
CN106047435A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-26 光大生物能源(含山)有限公司 Pine needle burning power generation method
CN106635227A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-05-10 黄山锦富生物能源有限公司 Bio-particle fuel with tea residue as main ingredient
CN106867618A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-06-20 公主岭市响水镇益农种植专业合作社 A kind of novel biomass fuel and preparation method thereof
CN107880962A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-06 广西银英生物质能源科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of biomass combined coal
CN107903975A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-04-13 广西银英生物质能源科技开发股份有限公司 A kind of environmentally friendly biomass energy particle
CN109628192A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-16 龙正环保股份有限公司 A kind of biomass compact forming fuel and preparation method thereof
GB2585189A (en) * 2019-06-26 2021-01-06 Hall Hunter Partnership Farming Biomass fuel elements

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