CN103935910B - A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane - Google Patents

A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103935910B
CN103935910B CN201410152345.9A CN201410152345A CN103935910B CN 103935910 B CN103935910 B CN 103935910B CN 201410152345 A CN201410152345 A CN 201410152345A CN 103935910 B CN103935910 B CN 103935910B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
framework
climb
climbing
standard knot
joint
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CN201410152345.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103935910A (en
Inventor
沐彬海
温涛
夏良凡
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浙江虎霸建设机械有限公司
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Priority to CN201410152345.9A priority Critical patent/CN103935910B/en
Publication of CN103935910A publication Critical patent/CN103935910A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane, comprise in three that upper, middle and lower arranges and climb framework and climb joint and standard knot in setting within it, four interior angle places of the framework that climbs in each are respectively equipped with guide roller.Inside climb joint and be respectively arranged with main chord with standard knot, main chord can be joined with guide roller and is incorporated in lifting moving on guide roller; Climb in centre on framework and be also provided with the assembly that climbs, be respectively arranged with some layers with the side of standard knot mark time at interior joint of climbing, the assembly that climbs can withstand every layer of bottom of marking time in climb joint and standard knot upwards jack-up.The present invention climbs joint in jack-up step by step by being arranged in centre the jacking assembly that climbs on framework, and interior joint of climbing is pushed up in centre by the framework that climbs in below framework place of climbing.Structure of the present invention is simple, and unit mass is light, and assembling and disassembling is convenient, increases work efficiency.

Description

A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane
Technical field
The invention belongs to tower crane technical field, particularly a kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane.
Background technology
Internal-climbing tower crane generally uses more when the high-story architecture construction of special operation condition or shape.Relative to outer attachment tower crane, its lifting amplitude degree of utilization is high, and complete machine purchase cost is low, and it is positioned at the inside of building, and complete machine exposed area is relatively little, is relatively applicable to some coastal many typhoon regions operations.
The general hoisting capacity of existing internal-climbing tower crane is large, and unit mass weight, makes dismounting high cost, is unfavorable for applying.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is, in conjunction with small-sized internal-climbing tower crane, provides a kind of climbing device, and unit mass is light, effectively reduction disassembly and assembly time and reduction dismounting expense.
The present invention realizes like this, a kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane is provided, comprise in three that upper, middle and lower arranges and climb framework and climb joint and standard knot in setting within it, the framework that climbs in each is connected by the built-in fitting of the anchor slab and building that are located at its periphery, climb in each four interior angle places of framework are respectively equipped with guide roller, and guide roller is climbed in being fixed on by roller adapter plate the top of framework; Inside climb the below that joint is arranged on standard knot, and be coupled to each other by securing device; Inside climb joint and be respectively arranged with main chord with standard knot, four seamed edges of joint and standard knot are climbed in main chord is separately positioned on, main chord can be joined with guide roller and is incorporated in lifting moving on guide roller, the interior lower end climbing joint is provided with gusset plate, the framework end face that climbs in below is provided with removable support square steel, climbs joint and standard knot in support square steel can be supported by gusset plate; Climb in centre on framework and be also provided with the assembly that climbs, be respectively arranged with some layers in the interior side climbing joint and standard knot to mark time, mark time and line up two row, every layer mark time between be provided with interval, the assembly that climbs can withstand every layer of bottom of marking time and standard knot and interior climbing are saved upwards jack-up.
Further, the assembly that climbs comprises jacking cross beam, oil cylinder, pressure pin and strut bar, oil cylinder is climbed in being fixed on by cylinder support the top of framework, and oil cylinder and cylinder support are by cylinder support pin shaft joint, and oil cylinder can rotate around cylinder support bearing pin and swing to standard knot side; Pressure pin is arranged on the outside of oil cylinder, and oil cylinder can be resisted against on pressure pin; Strut bar is arranged on the left and right sides of oil cylinder, and strut bar is climbed in being fixed on by strut bar bearing the top of framework, and strut bar and strut bar bearing are by strut bar bearing pin shaft joint, and strut bar can rotate around strut bar bearing bearing pin and swing to standard knot side; Jacking cross beam is arranged on the spindle nose of oil cylinder, and is coupled to each other by bearing pin, and jacking cross beam can rotate around bearing pin and swing to standard knot side; Top board is respectively equipped with in the two sides, top of jacking cross beam, top board is higher than strut bar, the top of two top boards can mark time with two of close layer respectively simultaneously coordinate and can withstand on mark time down prop in climb and save and standard knot, the top of strut bar also can mark time with two of close layer respectively simultaneously coordinate and can withstand on mark time down prop in climb and save and standard knot.
Further, be provided with half-arc groove in the lower end of marking time, be provided with rotating shaft at the top of top board, be also provided with rotating shaft at the top of strut bar, half-arc groove can match with rotating shaft.
Further, support square steel and be connected across in below the framework end face that climbs.
Further, the framework that climbs in each is also fixed with support plate, and support plate is arranged on the bottom supporting square steel bridge position, and support plate can limit the shifted laterally supporting square steel.
Further, each described in climb framework and in climb also to be provided with between joint, standard knot lash adjusting device adjust respectively in climb framework and interior climb save and in the gap of climbing between framework and standard knot, lash adjusting device comprises some groups of high strength bolts cooperatively interacted, nut and bolt sleeves, to climb in high strength bolt is arranged on the outside of framework, to climb in nut is fixed on the inner side of framework, bolt sleeve is socketed in the afterbody of high strength bolt, and bolt sleeve climbs the side of joint and main chord of standard section in can being resisted against; Frame wall of climbing in high strength bolt passes and nut screw connection, rotate high strength bolt and adjusting bolt can overlap the gap with main chord.
Further, the framework that climbs in each is also provided with some connectors, and climb in connector one end is fixed on framework, its other end is fixed on bolt sleeve.
Further, connector is chain.
Further, the framework that climbs in each comprises in two climbs half frame and connecting panel, and climb half frame in each and be provided with two interfaces, connecting panel is connected to the interface of climbing half frame in two.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is used for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, by being arranged in centre the jacking assembly that climbs on framework jack-up standard knot and interiorly climb joint step by step, and interior joint of climbing by framework place of climbing in framework top to centre of climbing in below, again support square steel is moved in centre by the framework that climbs in below the framework end face that climbs, hold the gusset plate of climbing joint in jack-up, thus complete the process of complete machine jacking.The framework that climbs in top plays the effect of guiding and stable tower body all the time.The top installation that the framework that climbs moves in former top the framework that climbs is removed in below again after complete machine jacking, the last jacking assembly removing in former centre the framework that climbs again, move in former top framework place of climbing to install, complete machine can enter mode of operation.Structure of the present invention is simple, and unit mass is light, and assembling and disassembling is convenient, increases work efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the birds-eye view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be in Fig. 1 B to schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is A portion enlarged diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the complete view of jacking of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the working state schematic representation before Fig. 1 jacking;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the jacking state of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is another schematic diagram of the jacking state of Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make technical matters to be solved by this invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Please with reference to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, the present invention is used for preferred embodiment and the actual installation schematic diagram of the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane.The present invention includes in three that upper, middle and lower arranges and climb framework 1 and climb joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' in setting within it, the base portion of internal-climbing tower crane is arranged on the top of standard knot 2 '.The framework 1 that climbs in each is connected with the built-in fitting (not shown) of building by the anchor slab 3 being located at its periphery, plays in fixing the effect of the framework 1 that climbs.
The framework 1 that climbs in each comprises in two climbs half frame 11 and connecting panel 12, climb half frame 11 in each and be provided with two interfaces, connecting panel 12 is connected to the interface of climbing half frame in two, connecting panel 12 is fixed together the interface of climbing half frame 11 in two by high strength bolt, and the framework 1 that climbs in making becomes a kind of quadro frame body.
Climb in each four interior angle places of framework 1 are respectively equipped with guide roller 4, and guide roller 4 is climbed in being fixed on by roller adapter plate 41 top of framework 1.Inside climb the below that joint 2 is arranged on standard knot 2 ', and be coupled to each other by securing device.Inside climb joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and be respectively arranged with main chord 21 and 21 ', climb four seamed edges of joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' in main chord 21 and 21 ' is separately positioned on, main chord 21 and 21 ' can be joined with guide roller 4 respectively and is incorporated in lifting moving on guide roller 4.In the present embodiment, main chord 21 and 21 ' adopts angle steel to make.The interior lower end climbing joint 2 is provided with gusset plate 22, and framework 1 end face that climbs in below is provided with removable support square steel 5.In the present embodiment, be provided with two and support square steel 5.Support square steel 5 can from below in climb after framework 1 is removed and move in centre framework 1 end face that climbs, and, support square steel 5 can be supported by gusset plate 22 in climb joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and tower crane parts disposed thereon.Climb in centre on framework 1 and be also provided with the assembly 6 that climbs, be provided with some layers mark time 23 and 23 ' in interior joint 2 and the side of standard knot 2 ' climbed, mark time and 23 and 23 ' line up two row, mark time between 23 or 23 ' for every layer and be provided with interval, the assembly 6 that climbs can withstand every layer mark time 23 bottom standard knot 2 ' is climbed joint 2 and the tower crane parts upwards jack-up on it with interior.
The assembly 6 that climbs comprises jacking cross beam 61, oil cylinder 62, pressure pin 63 and strut bar 64.Oil cylinder 62 is climbed in being fixed on by cylinder support 65 top of framework 1, and oil cylinder 62 is connected by cylinder support bearing pin 66 with cylinder support 65, and oil cylinder 62 can rotate around cylinder support bearing pin 66 and swing to standard knot 2 ' side.Pressure pin 63 is arranged on the outside of oil cylinder 62, and oil cylinder 62 can be resisted against on pressure pin 63.Strut bar 64 is arranged on the left and right sides of oil cylinder 62, strut bar 64 is climbed in being fixed on by strut bar bearing 67 top of framework 1, strut bar 64 is connected by strut bar bearing bearing pin 68 with strut bar bearing 67, strut bar 64 can rotate around strut bar bearing bearing pin 68 and swing to standard knot 2 side '.Jacking cross beam 61 is arranged on the spindle nose of oil cylinder 62, and is coupled to each other by bearing pin 69, and jacking cross beam 61 can rotate around bearing pin 69 and swing to standard knot 2 ' side.Top board 611 is respectively equipped with in the two sides, top of jacking cross beam 61, top board 611 higher than strut bar 64, the top of two top boards 611 can simultaneously respectively with two 23(or 23 ' that mark time of close layer) coordinate and can the 23(or 23 ' that marks time be withstood on) and under prop in climb joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and the tower crane parts on it.Also can mark time with two of close layer respectively simultaneously and 23 coordinate and can withstand on the 23(or 23 ' that marks time in the top of strut bar 64) under prop in climb joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and the tower crane parts on it, oil cylinder 62 can by climbing joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and the tower crane parts on it in top board 611 jack-up of jacking cross beam 61.
Be provided with half-arc groove 24 and 24 ' in the lower end of mark time 23 and 23 ', be provided with rotating shaft 612 at the top of top board 611, be also provided with rotating shaft 612 at the top of strut bar 64, half-arc groove 24 and 24 ' can match with rotating shaft 612.Support square steel 5 and be connected across in below framework 1 end face that climbs.Climb in each on framework 1 and be also fixed with support plate 7, support plate 7 is arranged on the bottom supporting square steel 5 bridge position, and support plate 7 can limit the shifted laterally supporting square steel 5.Climb in each framework 1 and in climb also to be provided with between joint 2, standard knot 2 ' lash adjusting device 8 adjust respectively in climb framework 1 and interior climb joint 2 and in the gap of climbing between framework 1 and standard knot 2 '.Lash adjusting device 8 comprises the some groups of high strength bolts cooperatively interacted 81, nut 82 and bolt sleeve 83.To climb in high strength bolt 81 is arranged on the outside of framework 1, to climb in nut 82 is fixed on the inner side of framework 1, bolt sleeve 83 is socketed in the afterbody of high strength bolt 81, and bolt sleeve 83 climbs the side of the main chord 21 of joint 2 and the main chord 21 ' of standard knot 2 ' in can being resisted against.Framework 1 wall that climbs in high strength bolt 81 passes coordinates with nut 82, rotate high strength bolt 81 can adjusting bolt cover 83 and main chord 21 and 21 ' gap.Climb in each on framework 1 and be also provided with some connectors 9, climb in connector 9 one end is fixed on framework 1, its other end is fixed on bolt sleeve 83, prevents bolt sleeve 83 from falling.In the present embodiment, connector 9 is chain.
Please together referring to shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, the present invention is in the complete state of jacking.The gusset plate 22 of inside climbing joint 2 is placed on and supports above square steel 5, supports square steel 5 and is placed on above support plate 7, support plate 7 be fixed on each in climb above framework 1.Joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and the tower crane parts on it are climbed in the framework 1 that climbs in middle supports.Now, oil cylinder 62 rests on pressure pin 63, and jacking cross beam 61 and strut bar 64 climb the outside of joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' in all swinging to.
Please together referring to shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 5, the present invention is in the mode of operation before jacking.By removing in below framework 1 to the top of climbing, dismounting is climbed framework place of climbing in assembly 6 to former top, in order to rocking and torsion of reducing that complete machine operationally produces, by lash adjusting device 8 adjust each in the gap of climbing between framework 1 and main chord 21 and 21 '.
Please together referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, when the complete machine of internal-climbing tower crane needs jacking, first unclamp lash adjusting device 8, take out high strength bolt 81 and bolt sleeve 83, then by crane carriage by the trim of tower crane top weight.Observe main chord 21 and the gap between 21 ' and guide roller 4, guarantee the gap uniformity between the main chord 21 at four angles and the 21 ' its corresponding guide roller 4, tower crane is in vertical state of equilibrium.Again oil cylinder 62 and jacking cross beam 61 are all rotated and swing to standard knot 2 ' side, what the rotating shaft 612 on the top board 611 of jacking cross beam 61 is snapped in standard knot 2 ' marks time in the half-arc groove 24 ' of 23 ' lower end, ensure that jacking cross beam 61 is close to the main chord 21 ' of standard knot 2 ', oil cylinder 61 starts jacking, by standard knot 2 ' and the interior slow jack-up of whole tower machine of climbing joint 2 and its top.When oil cylinder 61 pushes up range, by strut bar 64 rotate swing to standard knot 2 ' or in climb joint 2 side, the rotating shaft 612 at strut bar 64 top is made to be in immediately below the half-arc groove 24 ' of 23 ' lower end of marking time, slow retract cylinder 61, guaranteeing that the rotating shaft 612 at strut bar 64 top snaps in completely marks time in the half-arc groove 24 ' of 23 ', continues retract cylinder 61 to its minimum stroke.Continue the control step repeated above, by standard knot 2 ' all jack-up, until in climb joint 2 by the top of jacking to the framework 1 that climbs in middle, the support square steel 5 climbed in below on framework 1 being moved in centre climbs on framework 1 again, climb joint 2 in retract cylinder 61 makes to move down, gusset plate 22 is depressed into and supports on square steel 5, inside climbs joint 2 and standard knot 2 ' and the tower crane parts on it and is all pressed on support square steel 5, complete the jacking process of tower machine.
The present invention can also reuse.After the complete machine jacking of internal-climbing tower crane completes, can remove in below and climb framework 1 and be arranged in former top the top of the framework that climbs, the framework that climbs in the middle of removing climbs the assembly 6 be arranged in former top framework 1 place of climbing of climbing of 1, repeated usage, save material, save manufacturing cost.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane, comprise in three that upper, middle and lower arranges and climb framework and climb joint and standard knot in setting within it, each described in the framework that climbs be connected by the built-in fitting of the anchor slab and building that are located at its periphery, each described in climb four interior angle places of framework be respectively equipped with guide roller, described guide roller is climbed in being fixed on by roller adapter plate the top of framework, climb the below that joint is arranged on standard knot in described, and be coupled to each other by securing device, climb joint in described and be respectively arranged with main chord with standard knot, four seamed edges of joint and standard knot are climbed in described main chord is separately positioned on, described main chord can be joined with guide roller and is incorporated in lifting moving on guide roller, it is characterized in that, the lower end climbing joint in described is provided with gusset plate, the framework end face that climbs in described below is provided with removable support square steel, and described support square steel climbs joint and standard knot in can being supported by gusset plate, climb in described centre on framework and be also provided with the assembly that climbs, climb joint in described to be respectively arranged with some layers with the side of standard knot and to mark time, described marking time lines up two row, every layer mark time between be provided with interval, the described assembly that climbs can withstand every layer of bottom of marking time and standard knot and interior climbing are saved upwards jack-up, the described assembly that climbs comprises jacking cross beam, oil cylinder, pressure pin and strut bar, described oil cylinder is climbed in being fixed on by cylinder support the top of framework, described oil cylinder and cylinder support are by cylinder support pin shaft joint, described oil cylinder can rotate around cylinder support bearing pin and swing to standard knot side, described pressure pin is arranged on the outside of oil cylinder, and described oil cylinder can be resisted against on pressure pin, described strut bar is arranged on the left and right sides of oil cylinder, described strut bar is climbed in being fixed on by strut bar bearing the top of framework, described strut bar and strut bar bearing are by strut bar bearing pin shaft joint, and described strut bar can rotate around strut bar bearing bearing pin and swing to standard knot side, described jacking cross beam is arranged on the spindle nose of oil cylinder, and is coupled to each other by bearing pin, and described jacking cross beam can rotate around bearing pin and swing to standard knot side, top board is respectively equipped with in the two sides, top of described jacking cross beam, described top board is higher than strut bar, the top of two described top boards can mark time with two of close layer respectively simultaneously coordinate and can withstand on mark time down prop in climb and save and standard knot, the top of described strut bar also can mark time with two of close layer respectively simultaneously coordinate and can withstand on mark time down prop in climb and save and standard knot.
2. as claimed in claim 1 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, be provided with half-arc groove in described lower end of marking time, be provided with rotating shaft at the top of described top board, also be provided with rotating shaft at the top of described strut bar, described half-arc groove can match with rotating shaft.
3. as claimed in claim 1 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, described support square steel is connected across in below the framework end face that climbs.
4. as claimed in claim 3 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, each described in climb on framework and be also fixed with support plate, described support plate is arranged on the bottom supporting square steel bridge position, and described support plate can limit the shifted laterally supporting square steel.
5. as claimed in claim 1 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, each described in climb framework and in climb joint, also be provided with between standard knot lash adjusting device adjust respectively in climb framework and interior climb save and in the gap of climbing between framework and standard knot, described lash adjusting device comprises the some groups of high strength bolts cooperatively interacted, nut and bolt sleeve, to climb in described high strength bolt is arranged on the outside of framework, to climb in described nut is fixed on the inner side of framework, described bolt sleeve is socketed in the afterbody of high strength bolt, described bolt sleeve climbs the side of joint and main chord of standard section in can being resisted against, frame wall of climbing in described high strength bolt passes and nut screw connection, rotate described high strength bolt and adjusting bolt can overlap the gap with main chord.
6., as claimed in claim 5 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, each described in climb on framework and be also provided with some connectors, climb on framework in described connector one end is fixed on, its other end is fixed on bolt sleeve.
7., as claimed in claim 6 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, described connector is chain.
8. as claimed in claim 1 for the climbing device of internal-climbing tower crane, it is characterized in that, each described in the framework that climbs comprise in two and climb half frame and connecting panel, each described in climb half frame and be provided with two interfaces, described connecting panel is connected to the interface of climbing half frame in two.
CN201410152345.9A 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane CN103935910B (en)

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CN201410152345.9A CN103935910B (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane

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CN201410152345.9A CN103935910B (en) 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 A kind of climbing device for internal-climbing tower crane

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CN103935910B true CN103935910B (en) 2016-04-20

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104961058B (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-08-25 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 A kind of double Z shaped support steel beam and crane supporting member and preparation method containing it
CN107043072B (en) * 2017-02-07 2020-01-07 中建三局集团有限公司 Falling-beam-free integrated inner climbing tower crane supporting device and implementation method
CN111392616A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-07-10 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Internal climbing arm type tower crane jacking device and construction method

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GB2044214A (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-10-15 Fmc Corp Tower cranes
CN2679123Y (en) * 2002-12-19 2005-02-16 胡建锋 Internally creeping tower crane
CN101691191A (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-04-07 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Self-climbing tower crane
CN201665485U (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Internal-climbing device of tower crane and internal-climbing component of tower crane
CN202808216U (en) * 2012-05-29 2013-03-20 徐州重型机械有限公司 Standard knots and tower crane with same
CN103407902A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-11-27 哈尔滨工业大学 Arm-folding type tower crane jacking device and method for increasing height of tower crane
CN203439957U (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-02-19 杭州科曼萨杰牌建设机械有限公司 Jacking structure for internal climbing of tower crane
CN203807012U (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-09-03 浙江虎霸建设机械有限公司 Climbing device used in internal climbing tower-type crane

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2044214A (en) * 1979-02-26 1980-10-15 Fmc Corp Tower cranes
CN2679123Y (en) * 2002-12-19 2005-02-16 胡建锋 Internally creeping tower crane
CN101691191A (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-04-07 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Self-climbing tower crane
CN201665485U (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-12-08 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Internal-climbing device of tower crane and internal-climbing component of tower crane
CN202808216U (en) * 2012-05-29 2013-03-20 徐州重型机械有限公司 Standard knots and tower crane with same
CN203439957U (en) * 2013-06-26 2014-02-19 杭州科曼萨杰牌建设机械有限公司 Jacking structure for internal climbing of tower crane
CN103407902A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-11-27 哈尔滨工业大学 Arm-folding type tower crane jacking device and method for increasing height of tower crane
CN203807012U (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-09-03 浙江虎霸建设机械有限公司 Climbing device used in internal climbing tower-type crane

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