CN103844139B - A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN103844139B
CN103844139B CN201310715392.5A CN201310715392A CN103844139B CN 103844139 B CN103844139 B CN 103844139B CN 201310715392 A CN201310715392 A CN 201310715392A CN 103844139 B CN103844139 B CN 103844139B
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parts
powder
meal
mixed feed
vitamin
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CN201310715392.5A
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CN103844139A (en
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付万冬
廖妙飞
相兴伟
杨会成
周宇芳
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浙江省海洋开发研究院
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, it is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 30 ~ 40 parts, blood meal 5 ~ 10 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 ~ 10 parts, dregs of beans 5 ~ 8 parts, peanut meal 3 ~ 5 parts, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 5 parts, soy bean powder 20 ~ 25 parts, soybean lecithin 1 ~ 3 part, 3 ~ 5 parts, fish oil, Choline Chloride 0.1 ~ 0.3 part, shelling element 0.1 ~ 0.2 part, butylated hydroxy anisole 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, dibutyl hydroxy toluene 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, tanimoto powder 3 ~ 5 parts, 5 ~ 10 parts, rosemary powder, short body weight dose 1 ~ 3 part, composite feeding promoting agent 1 ~ 3 part, compound vitamin additive 0.3 ~ 0.5 part, composite mineral matter additive 0.1 ~ 0.3 part.The nutriment that mixed feed of the present invention can make crab body Rapid Accumulation enough and weightening finish, promote shelling, shortens cultivation period, improves culture benefit.The invention also discloses a kind of preparation method of the mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, this preparation method's step is simple, is applicable to suitability for industrialized production, manufactures the nutrition leak of mixed feed in process few, good moldability, uniform particles.

Description

A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to mixed feed technical field, especially relating to a kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Portunus trituberculatus Miers, be commonly called as swimming crab, Blue Swimming Crab, belong to Crustachia, Decapoda, Portumidae, its meat is many, fat grossness, delicious, nutritious, being subject to liking of broad masses for a long time, is one of important outlet best seller of China, mainly transport to Japan, the countries and regions such as Hong Kong, Macao.
Soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers refers to the Portunus trituberculatus Miers just shelled, and soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers without the need to peeling off, can be with shell to eat when edible, and edible more convenient health, not only remains the local flavor of substance crab, and nutriment more horn of plenty.Present soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers is deeply by consumers both domestic and external, and supply falls short of demand for product.From long term growth angle, it is a kind of development trend that crab cultivates that the industrialization of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers is produced.
At present when cultivating soft shell mud crab, what throw something and feed is all the mixed feed that the fresh bait such as fishes and shrimps or applicable young crab grow up to, and there is no the mixed feed being specifically designed to and cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers.The nutrition of the fresh bait such as fishes and shrimps is single, utilization rate is low, and keeping quality is poor, source is unstable, and be applicable to the mixed feed that grows up to of young crab and be not suitable for Portunus trituberculatus Miers and become crab, Portunus trituberculatus Miers can not be made to become the crab nutriment that Rapid Accumulation is enough at short notice to shell, and after shelling, the rate of body weight gain of crab body is little, this just causes the cultivation period of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers long, and benefit is low.
Application publication number CN103082151A, the Chinese patent of Shen Qing Publication day 2013.05.08 discloses a kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers without meal compound feed and preparation method thereof, in 1000 kilograms, its formula is containing following substances: dephenolization cottonseed protein 60 kilograms, globulin powder 20 kilograms, FSPC 130 ~ 170 kilograms, rice protein powder 130 ~ 150 kilograms, molten slurry protein 90 ~ 110 kilogram of fish, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 20 kilograms, peanut meal 130 kilograms, shrimp shell meal 30 kilograms, wheat flour 220.55 kilograms, 35 kilograms, rice bran, phosphatide oil 20 kilograms, 20 kilograms, fish oil, trace element 5 kilograms, betaine 2.5 kilograms, salt 3 kilograms, multidimensional 1.75 kilograms, Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, l-cn 0.5 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, bentonite 40 kilograms, ethoxyquinoline 0.2 kilogram.This mixed feed adopts the raw material of vegetable protein to replace fish meal, cause the palatability of this mixed feed poor, feed is is not easily digested and assimilated by crab body, and this feed can not make Portunus trituberculatus Miers become the crab nutriment that Rapid Accumulation is enough at short notice to shell, therefore and be not suitable for and cultivate soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is that the Pelletized Feed For Swimming Crab Portunus Trituberculatus in order to solve prior art can not make Portunus trituberculatus Miers become the crab nutriment that Rapid Accumulation is enough at short notice to carry out the problem shelled, provide a kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, mixed feed of the present invention becomes the digestion of crab according to Portunus trituberculatus Miers, nutritional need Optimal improvements when nutrition physiology and shelling obtains, palatability and phagostimulating effect good, digestibility is higher, be conducive to the food ration and the getting fat speed that improve Portunus trituberculatus Miers, the nutriment making crab physical efficiency Rapid Accumulation enough and weightening finish, so that shell fast thus shorten cultivation period, improve culture benefit.
Present invention also offers a kind of preparation method of the mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, preparation method's processing step of the present invention is simple, is applicable to suitability for industrialized production, manufactures the nutrition leak of mixed feed in process few, good moldability, uniform particles.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, described mixed feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 30 ~ 40 parts, blood meal 5 ~ 10 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 ~ 10 parts, dregs of beans 5 ~ 8 parts, peanut meal 3 ~ 5 parts, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 5 parts, soy bean powder 20 ~ 25 parts, soybean lecithin 1 ~ 3 part, 3 ~ 5 parts, fish oil, Choline Chloride 0.1 ~ 0.3 part, shelling element 0.1 ~ 0.2 part, butylated hydroxy anisole 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, dibutyl hydroxy toluene 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, tanimoto powder 3 ~ 5 parts, 5 ~ 10 parts, rosemary powder, short body weight dose 1 ~ 3 part, composite feeding promoting agent 1 ~ 3 part, compound vitamin additive 0.3 ~ 0.5 part, composite mineral matter additive 0.1 ~ 0.3 part.In mixed feed of the present invention, soybean lecithin is mainly used in fortified feed nutrition and improves palatability; Tanimoto powder mainly as binding agent, the water-tolerant of feed; Rosemary powder can improve the anti-stress ability of crab body, and can promote digestion and metabolism, is conducive to the growth of crab body; Butylated hydroxy anisole and dibutyl hydroxy toluene coordinated, can improve the keeping quality of feed, can also prevent the inefficacy of phagostimulant; Short body weight dose can improve crab body and digest and assimilate efficiency to feed, make its fast weightening finish fatten.Nutritional need when the present invention becomes the digestion of crab, nutrition physiology according to Portunus trituberculatus Miers and shells, improvement is optimized to the formula of mixed feed, suitably improve the content of animal protein in feed, and improve palatability and the phagostimulating effect of feed, digestibility is higher, be conducive to the food ration and the getting fat speed that improve Portunus trituberculatus Miers, make it increase weight fast and fatten.
As preferably, described short body weight dose is mixed by hawthorn powder, cholesterol, sodium humate, bafillus natto and bacillus licheniformis, wherein the mass percentage of each component is: cholesterol 20 ~ 25%, sodium humate 5 ~ 10%, bafillus natto 5 ~ 10%, bacillus licheniformis 5 ~ 10%, hawthorn powder surplus.Because the digestive organs of Portunus trituberculatus Miers are simple, glandula digestive is undeveloped, various digestive ferment because of Portunus trituberculatus Miers body temperature low, activity is all not high, therefore lower to the digestibility of feed, and bafillus natto and bacillus licheniformis energy coordinated mutually, various comparatively strong active digestive ferment and vitamin can be produced in crab body enteron aisle, effectively can promote crab body digesting and assimilating feed, improve efficiency of feed utilization, promote the weightening finish of crab body; Sodium humate can promote that crab body is to the trans-utilization rate of feed, promotes the weightening finish of crab body; Hawthorn powder can improve the food ration of Portunus trituberculatus Miers and the digestibility to mixed feed; Cholesterol can improve Activity of Digestive Enzymes in Intestine and nutrient apparent digestibility, promotes the weightening finish of crab body.Short body weight dose, by the coordinated of each component, can improve the food ration of crab body and the digestibility to mixed feed, the nutriment making crab body Rapid Accumulation enough and weightening finish, so that shell fast thus shorten cultivation period, improves culture benefit.
As preferably, described composite feeding promoting agent is mixed by spirulina powder, albumen local flavor element and scallop powder, and the mass percentage of each component is: albumen local flavor element 5 ~ 10%, scallop powder 20 ~ 30%, spirulina powder surplus.In the present invention, composite feeding promoting agent is that to the palatability of mixed feed, programmed screening designs according to Portunus trituberculatus Miers, each component in composite feeding promoting agent is natural materials, not only to Portunus trituberculatus Miers, there is good phagostimulating effect, and easily digested and assimilated by crab body, play the effect of nutrition fortifier, adding of supplementary crab body nutrition further, especially spirulina powder, also can improve the local flavor of crab.
As preferably, in compound vitamin additive described in every 1000g, containing 20 ~ 30g vitamin A, 3 ~ 5g vitamin D, 10 ~ 15g vitamin E, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 1, 10 ~ 15g Cobastab 2, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 3, 9 ~ 12g Cobastab 5, 9 ~ 12g Cobastab 6, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 7, 2 ~ 5g Cobastab 11, 0.1 ~ 0.2g Cobastab 12, 130 ~ 160g inositol, 50 ~ 80g vitamin C, 2 ~ 8g vitamin K, all the other are wheat bran.
As preferably, in composite mineral matter additive described in every 1000g, containing 120 ~ 150g sodium chloride, 120 ~ 140g ferrous bisglycinate chelate, 20 ~ 25g zinc methionine, 20 ~ 25g magnesium glycinate, 10 ~ 15g Mn-Gly, 30 ~ 40g cupric glycinate, 5 ~ 10g cobalt methionine, 0.5 ~ 1g Potassiumiodate, sodium selenite 0.01 ~ 0.03g, all the other are zeolite powder.
For cultivating a preparation method for the mixed feed of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, comprise the following steps:
(1) weighing: take each component by proportioning, stand-by.
(2) batch mixing: the fish meal taken, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are mixed, pulverize, add fish oil after crossing 80 ~ 90 mesh sieves again to stir, obtain compound.Raw material crosses 80 ~ 90 mesh sieves after pulverizing, crab body situation of ingesting is better, efficiency of feed utilization is high, raw material grinding particle size is too thick, digest and assimilate poor, and mouldability is poor, grinding particle size is too thin, when modified, easily cause feed " sandwich ", namely feed center is dry shape, easily occurs that abdominal distension is dead after crab body is ingested.
(3) modified granulation: granular wet feed to be carried out after modified, extrusion obtaining to compound.
(4) dry packing: be cooled to room temperature after the wet feed obtained is carried out dehydration cold air drying, namely obtain mixed feed finished product after packaging.
As preferably, in step (2) before carrying out batch mixing, carry out pretreatment to peanut meal and dregs of beans, pretreated concrete grammar is: peanut meal and dregs of beans are heated 50 ~ 60min at 110 ~ 120 DEG C.Contain the ANFs such as trypsin ihhibitor in peanut meal in mixed feed of the present invention and dregs of beans, can cause Portunus trituberculatus Miers indigestion, reduce efficiency of feed utilization, deactivation is carried out in pretreatment, can improve the utilization rate of feed.
As preferably, when carrying out modified granulation in step (3), modified temperature is 70 ~ 75 DEG C, and vapour pressure is 380 ~ 450kPa, and the humidity of material is 15 ~ 18%, and conditioning period is 25 ~ 35min.Modified technique is the key of Fodder making, soy bean powder is added with in the present invention, its gelatinization effect is very good, therefore the modified method of low temperature can be adopted to carry out modified to feed, being adjusted to temperature is 70 ~ 75 DEG C, the abundant gelatinization of soy bean powder can be made, ensure the mouthfeel of feed, the destruction that high temperature causes nutriment can be avoided again; The water content of material controls 15 ~ 18%, is conducive to the discharging of feed granules and shaping, can also avoids because feed water content is too low, causes that feed receiving ability declines, vitamin loss and amino acid whose destruction when carrying out extrusion process in extrusion cylinder.
As preferably, in step (3), the particle diameter of wet feed is 3 ~ 5mm.
Therefore, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) palatability of mixed feed of the present invention and phagostimulating effect good, digestibility is higher, is conducive to the food ration and the getting fat speed that improve Portunus trituberculatus Miers, the nutriment making crab physical efficiency Rapid Accumulation enough and weightening finish, so that shell fast thus shorten cultivation period, improve culture benefit;
(2) preparation method's processing step of mixed feed of the present invention is simple, is applicable to suitability for industrialized production, manufactures the nutrition leak of mixed feed in process few, good moldability, uniform particles.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, by fish meal, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, fish oil, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are made, in mixed feed, the concrete proportioning of each raw material is as shown in table 1, wherein, the concrete formula of short body weight dose is as shown in table 2, the concrete formula of composite feeding promoting agent is as shown in table 3, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 4, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 5.
The preparation method of mixed feed is:
(1) weighing: take each component by proportioning, stand-by.
(2) batch mixing: first peanut meal and dregs of beans are heated 60min at 110 DEG C, again the fish meal taken, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are mixed, pulverize, add fish oil after crossing 80 mesh sieves again to stir, obtain compound;
(3) modified granulation: after modified, extrusion is carried out to compound particle diameter is the graininess wet feed of 3mm, modified temperature is 70 DEG C, and vapour pressure is 380kPa, and the humidity of material is 15%, and conditioning period is 35min.
(4) dry packing: be cooled to room temperature after the wet feed obtained is carried out dehydration cold air drying, namely obtain mixed feed finished product after packaging.
Embodiment 2
A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, by fish meal, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, fish oil, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are made, in mixed feed, the concrete proportioning of each raw material is as shown in table 1, wherein, the concrete formula of short body weight dose is as shown in table 2, the concrete formula of composite feeding promoting agent is as shown in table 3, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 4, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 5.
The preparation method of mixed feed is:
(1) weighing: take each component by proportioning, stand-by.
(2) batch mixing: first peanut meal and dregs of beans are heated 55min at 115 DEG C, again the fish meal taken, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are mixed, pulverize, add fish oil after crossing 85 mesh sieves again to stir, obtain compound;
(3) modified granulation: after modified, extrusion is carried out to compound particle diameter is the graininess wet feed of 4mm, modified temperature is 72 DEG C, and vapour pressure is 390kPa, and the humidity of material is 16%, and conditioning period is 30min.
(4) dry packing: be cooled to room temperature after the wet feed obtained is carried out dehydration cold air drying, namely obtain mixed feed finished product after packaging.
Embodiment 3
A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, by fish meal, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, fish oil, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are made, in mixed feed, the concrete proportioning of each raw material is as shown in table 1, wherein, the concrete formula of short body weight dose is as shown in table 2, the concrete formula of composite feeding promoting agent is as shown in table 3, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 4, the concrete formula of compound vitamin additive is as shown in table 5.
The preparation method of mixed feed is:
(1) weighing: take each component by proportioning, stand-by.
(2) batch mixing: first peanut meal and dregs of beans are heated 50min at 120 DEG C, again the fish meal taken, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive are mixed, pulverize, add fish oil after crossing 90 mesh sieves again to stir, obtain compound;
(3) modified granulation: after modified, extrusion is carried out to compound particle diameter is the graininess wet feed of 5mm, modified temperature is 75 DEG C, and vapour pressure is 450kPa, and the humidity of material is 18%, and conditioning period is 25min.
(4) dry packing: be cooled to room temperature after the wet feed obtained is carried out dehydration cold air drying, namely obtain mixed feed finished product after packaging.
The concrete proportioning of each component of table 1 each embodiment mixed feed
Raw material Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Fish meal (Kg) 40 32 30
Blood meal (Kg) 5 8 10
Shrimp shell meal (Kg) 7 10 5
Dregs of beans (Kg) 6 8 5
Peanut meal (Kg) 5 4 3
Brewer's yeast (Kg) 3 4 5
Soy bean powder (Kg) 20 22 25
Soybean lecithin (Kg) 3 2 1
Fish oil (Kg) 4 3 5
Choline Chloride (Kg) 0.1 0.3 0.2
Shelling element (Kg) 0.1 0.2 0.15
Butylated hydroxy anisole (Kg) 0.01 0.02 0.03
Dibutyl hydroxy toluene (Kg) 0.03 0.02 0.01
Tanimoto powder (Kg) 4 3 5
Rosemary powder (Kg) 5 10 8
Short body weight dose (Kg) 2 1 3
Composite feeding promoting agent (Kg) 1 2 3
Compound vitamin additive (Kg) 0.3 0.4 0.5
Composite mineral matter additive (Kg) 0.3 0.2 0.1
The each embodiment of table 2 urgees the concrete formula of body weight dose
Component Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Hawthorn powder (%) 60 52 54
Cholesterol (%) 20 25 22
Sodium humate (%) 5 10 8
Bafillus natto (%) 5 8 10
Bacillus licheniformis (%) 10 5 6
The concrete formula of table 3 each embodiment composite feeding promoting agent
Component Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Spirulina powder (%) 30 20 25
Local flavor albumin (%) 5 7 10
Scallop powder (%) 65 73 65
The concrete formula of table 4 each embodiment compound vitamin additive
Component Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Vitamin A (g/1000g) 22 20 30
Vitamin D (g/1000g) 4 3 5
Vitamin E (g/1000g) 12 10 15
Vitamin B1 (g/1000g) 8 7 5
Vitamin B2 (g/1000g) 12 15 10
Vitamin B3 (g/1000g) 5 8 7
Vitamin B5 (g/1000g) 12 9 11
Vitamin B6 (g/1000g) 9 10 12
VB7 (g/1000g) 8 7 5
VB11 (g/1000g) 5 3 2
Vitamin B12 (g/1000g) 0.15 0.2 0.1
Inositol (g/1000g) 150 130 160
Vitamin C (g/1000g) 70 80 50
Vitamin K (g/1000g) 2 8 3
Wheat bran (g/1000g) 680.85 689.8 684.9
The concrete formula of table 5 each embodiment composite mineral matter additive
Component Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Sodium chloride (g/1000g) 120 130 150
Ferrous bisglycinate chelate (g/1000g) 140 125 120
Zinc methionine (g/1000g) 22 25 20
Magnesium glycinate (g/1000g) 25 22 20
Mn-Gly (g/1000g) 10 12 15
Cupric glycinate (g/1000g) 40 35 30
Cobalt methionine (g/1000g) 10 8 5
Potassiumiodate (g/1000g) 1 0.5 0.7
Sodium selenite (g/1000g) 0.01 0.02 0.03
Zeolite powder (g/1000g) 631.99 642.48 639.27
Adopt mixed feed of the present invention to throw something and feed Portunus trituberculatus Miers, cultivate and namely shell for 12 ~ 14 days, husking yield can reach more than 94%; Portunus trituberculatus Miers survival rate after shelling is more than 95%; body weight is increased in more than 50%, can realize the large-scale production of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, remarkable in economical benefits.
Above-described embodiment is one of the present invention preferably scheme, not does any pro forma restriction to the present invention, also has other variant and remodeling under the prerequisite not exceeding the technical scheme described in claim.

Claims (3)

1. one kind for cultivating the mixed feed of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, it is characterized in that, described mixed feed is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: fish meal 30 ~ 40 parts, blood meal 5 ~ 10 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 ~ 10 parts, dregs of beans 5 ~ 8 parts, peanut meal 3 ~ 5 parts, brewer's yeast 3 ~ 5 parts, soy bean powder 20 ~ 25 parts, soybean lecithin 1 ~ 3 part, 3 ~ 5 parts, fish oil, Choline Chloride 0.1 ~ 0.3 part, shelling element 0.1 ~ 0.2 part, butylated hydroxy anisole 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, dibutyl hydroxy toluene 0.01 ~ 0.03 part, tanimoto powder 3 ~ 5 parts, 5 ~ 10 parts, rosemary powder, short body weight dose 1 ~ 3 part, composite feeding promoting agent 1 ~ 3 part, compound vitamin additive 0.3 ~ 0.5 part, composite mineral matter additive 0.1 ~ 0.3 part, wherein, described short body weight dose is by hawthorn powder, cholesterol, sodium humate, bafillus natto and bacillus licheniformis mix, wherein the mass percentage of each component is: cholesterol 20 ~ 25%, sodium humate 5 ~ 10%, bafillus natto 5 ~ 10%, bacillus licheniformis 5 ~ 10%, hawthorn powder surplus, described composite feeding promoting agent is mixed by spirulina powder, albumen local flavor element and scallop powder, and the mass percentage of each component is: albumen local flavor element 5 ~ 10%, scallop powder 20 ~ 30%, spirulina powder surplus, in compound vitamin additive described in every 1000g, containing 20 ~ 30g vitamin A, 3 ~ 5g vitamin D, 10 ~ 15g vitamin E, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 1, 10 ~ 15g Cobastab 2, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 3, 9 ~ 12g Cobastab 5, 9 ~ 12g Cobastab 6, 5 ~ 8g Cobastab 7, 2 ~ 5g Cobastab 11, 0.1 ~ 0.2g Cobastab 12, 130 ~ 160g inositol, 50 ~ 80g vitamin C, 2 ~ 8g vitamin K, all the other are wheat bran, in composite mineral matter additive described in every 1000g, containing 120 ~ 150g sodium chloride, 120 ~ 140g ferrous bisglycinate chelate, 20 ~ 25g zinc methionine, 20 ~ 25g magnesium glycinate, 10 ~ 15g Mn-Gly, 30 ~ 40g cupric glycinate, 5 ~ 10g cobalt methionine, 0.5 ~ 1g Potassiumiodate, sodium selenite 0.01 ~ 0.03g, all the other are zeolite powder.
2. as claimed in claim 1 for cultivating a preparation method for the mixed feed of soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) weighing: take each component by proportioning, stand-by;
(2) batch mixing: first pretreatment is carried out to the peanut meal taken and dregs of beans, pretreated concrete grammar is: peanut meal and dregs of beans are heated 50 ~ 60min at 110 ~ 120 DEG C, the fish meal will taken again, blood meal, shrimp shell meal, dregs of beans, peanut meal, brewer's yeast, soy bean powder, soybean lecithin, Choline Chloride, shelling element, butylated hydroxy anisole, dibutyl hydroxy toluene, tanimoto powder, rosemary powder, short body weight dose, composite feeding promoting agent, compound vitamin additive and composite mineral matter additive mix, pulverize, add fish oil after crossing 80 ~ 90 mesh sieves again to stir, obtain compound,
(3) modified granulation: to carry out after modified, extrusion obtaining granular wet feed to compound, modified temperature is 70 ~ 75 DEG C, and vapour pressure is 380 ~ 450kPa, and the humidity of material is 15 ~ 18%, and conditioning period is 25 ~ 35min;
(4) dry packing: be cooled to room temperature after the wet feed obtained is carried out dehydration cold air drying, namely obtain mixed feed finished product after packaging.
3. preparation method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, in step (3), the particle diameter of wet feed is 3 ~ 5mm.
CN201310715392.5A 2013-12-23 2013-12-23 A kind of mixed feed for cultivating soft shell Portunus trituberculatus Miers and preparation method thereof CN103844139B (en)

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CN102018153A (en) * 2010-12-30 2011-04-20 宁波海川水产饲料有限公司 Feed for portunus trituberculatus miers
CN102511680A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-06-27 张家港市金洲农业科技发展有限公司 Scorpion feed additive
CN103053841B (en) * 2013-01-08 2014-08-20 宁波红龙生物科技有限公司 Feed for facilitating swimming crabs to breed red cream and preparation method of feed
CN103082151B (en) * 2013-02-04 2014-05-28 上海农好饲料有限公司 Portunus trituberculatus non-fish-meal compound feed and its preparation method
CN103431191B (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-04-29 宁波大学 Immunopotentiator for adult portunus trituberculatus and application thereof
CN103431190B (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-04-29 宁波大学 Immunopotentiator for young portunus trituberculatus and application thereof
CN103431202B (en) * 2013-07-17 2014-09-10 宁波大学 Anti-stress reinforcing agent for portunus trituberculatus and application thereof

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