CN103821530A - Continuous excavating equipment and process for roadways - Google Patents

Continuous excavating equipment and process for roadways Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103821530A
CN103821530A CN201410055921.8A CN201410055921A CN103821530A CN 103821530 A CN103821530 A CN 103821530A CN 201410055921 A CN201410055921 A CN 201410055921A CN 103821530 A CN103821530 A CN 103821530A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tramroad
cash
mine car
cutting
tramcar
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Pending
Application number
CN201410055921.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜长龙
刘增辉
刘送永
崔新霞
刘晓辉
杨道龙
常欢欢
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
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Application filed by China University of Mining and Technology CUMT filed Critical China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
Priority to CN201410055921.8A priority Critical patent/CN103821530A/en
Publication of CN103821530A publication Critical patent/CN103821530A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a continuous excavating equipment and process for roadways. The continuous excavating equipment comprises an intelligent operation assembly line composed of a cantilever roadheader, a belt conveyor, a continuous loading device and a tramcar. The continuous excavating process includes steps of breaking rock by a cutting mechanism of the cantilever roadheader, loading falling gangue and transporting to the outside constantly to the belt conveyor so that the gangue can directly fall into the tramcar from the tail end after waste rocks are separated; dragging the tramcar which is fully loaded to a waste rock transporting roadway and transporting the tramcar to discharge the waste rock on the ground; dragging another unloaded tramcar on a no-load tramcar rail to a waste rock loading tramcar rail along a turnout rail, and starting a new round of loading and discharging; and dragging the discharged tramcar to the no-load tramcar rail for standby application. By the continuous excavating equipment process for roadways, mechanical construction level of the roadways can be effectively improved, construction process is simplified, excavating efficiency is improved, labor intensity is reduced, working environment is improved, operation safety is improved, and continuous excavating of the roadways is truly realized.

Description

A kind of continuous excavation equipment in tunnel and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of coal mine down-hole tunnel excavation equipment and technique, particularly a kind of down-hole half coal rock tunnel, the continuous excavation equipment of rock lane comprehensive mechanization and technique.
Background technology
At present, domestic coal mine down-hole tunnel excavation mainly contains development machine driving and two kinds of methods of drilling and blasting method, and wherein drilling and blasting method driving accounts for more than 90%.And drilling and blasting method has the shortcomings such as excavated section is little, speed of application is slow, roadway quality is poor, mechanization degree is low, labor strength is large, security reliability is low, operating environment is poor, therefore, many scientific and technical personnel are in the industry constantly for improving tunnelling machine technical level, for improving the effort of roadway construction technique.The raising of tunnelling efficiency, not only depends on the rock breaking capacity of rock ripper, also closely related with the transport capacity of a complete set of equipment and technique.Many mines must adopt mine car to carry out spoil transportation, and mine car transportation belongs to intermittent work, and transport capacity and efficiency are poor, therefore most of Coal Exploitations transport buffering with waste bin, but increase transportation operation simultaneously, affected cash speed, reduced roadway excavation efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem solving: for the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention proposes to solve the continuous excavation equipment in a kind of tunnel and technique to solve the not high technical problem of roadway excavation efficiency of the prior art.
Technical scheme: for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
The continuous excavation equipment in a kind of tunnel, comprises boom-type roadheader, belt conveyer, continuous loading device and mine car, and described boom-type roadheader comprises cutting mechanism, loader mechanism, transport establishment and creeper undercarriage; Described belt conveyer is crawler type movable belt transporter and the afterbody that is arranged on boom-type roadheader; Described mine car is arranged on the below of belt on belt conveyer, described mine car is provided with traction electric machine, mine car below is provided with tramroad, described tramroad comprises a year cash tramroad, unloaded tramroad and point turnout rail, described point of turnout rail connects year cash tramroad and a unloaded tramroad, within described year, cash tramroad extends in Yun Gan great lane and the laying of Yan Yungan great lane, and described unloaded tramroad extends in equipment conveying lane and along equipment conveying lane and lays; Described continuous loading device be arranged on the afterbody of belt conveyer and be erected at mine car and the belt of belt conveyer between.
Technique is excavated in a kind of tunnel continuously, comprises following operation:
(1) broken rock: use the cutting mechanism of boom-type roadheader to break rock construction, the creeper undercarriage of one side boom-type roadheader advances and drives cutting mechanism to complete the cutting of creeping in tunnel, the simultaneously cutting mechanism swing cutting in tunnel of having bobbed and woven, creep into cutting and swing cutting and hocket, spoil falls, and completes the broken rock operation in tunnel;
(2) dress cash: under the driving of boom-type roadheader creeper undercarriage, the spoil that loader mechanism falls cutting continuously loads, and spoil is constantly put in transport establishment, completes dress cash operation;
(3) fortune cash: boom-type roadheader transport establishment, by constantly outwards transportation of spoil, finally drops on belt conveyer, and belt conveyer carries spoil and continues transportation forward, completes fortune cash operation;
(4) entrucking: the spoil falling from belt-conveying machine tail end directly falls in mine car after continuous loading device divides cash;
(5) go out cash: after a row mine car is all filled, draw this row mine car Zhi Yungan great lane by traction electric motor, this row mine car is transported to ground unloading spoil; Meanwhile, a row empties that is positioned at unloaded tramroad is towed to and carries cash tramroad along a point turnout rail, starts new round entrucking and goes out cash; The row empties of unloading after spoil be from the transportation of equipment conveying lane, along unloaded tramroad transport and stop be stored in point turnout rail and sky at the joining place of tramroad with for subsequent use.
Beneficial effect: the continuous excavation equipment in tunnel of the present invention and technique, by the dress cash after broken rock, fortune cash, entrucking with go out the series of processes such as cash and form one continuously and the work pattern of circulation, can effectively improve tunnel mechanized construction level, simplify working procedure, improve excavation efficiency, reduce labor strength, improve operating environment, improve processing safety, really realize tunnel and excavate continuously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the continuous excavation equipment in tunnel of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is continuous loading structure drawing of device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is tramroad arrangement diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the continuous excavation equipment in a kind of tunnel, comprises a set of intelligent production line that boom-type roadheader 1, belt conveyer 2, continuous loading device 3 and mine car 4 form.Described boom-type roadheader 1 comprises cutting mechanism 1-1, loader mechanism 1-2, the 1-3 of transport establishment, creeper undercarriage 1-4, mainframe 1-5 and electrohydraulic system 1-6, cutting mechanism 1-1 is aimed to tunnel and meet head on; Described belt conveyer 2 is crawler type movable belt transporter and the afterbody that is arranged on boom-type roadheader 1; Described mine car 4 is arranged on the below of belt on belt conveyer 2, described mine car 4 is provided with traction electric machine, mine car 4 belows are provided with tramroad, described tramroad comprises year cash tramroad 5-2, unloaded tramroad 5-1 and point turnout rail 5-3, described point of turnout rail 5-3 connects year cash tramroad 5-2 and a unloaded tramroad 5-1, within described year, cash tramroad 5-2 extends in the 5-4 of Yun Gan great lane and Yan Yungan great lane 5-4 laying, and described unloaded tramroad 5-1 extends in the 5-5 of equipment conveying lane and along equipment conveying lane 5-5 and lays; Described continuous loading device 3 be arranged on the afterbody of belt conveyer 2 and be erected at mine car 4 and the belt of belt conveyer between, this continuous loading device 3 is provided with the 3-1 of Fen Gan mechanism, M type claw 3-2, road wheel 3-3, track 3-4, claw cylinder 3-5, withdraws cylinder 3-6, stay cord 3-7 and support 3-8, and concrete structure, installation and the using method of this continuous loading device 3 refer to patent application 201310199436.3.Multiple row mine car 4 is set in use procedure on tramroad, in the 5-6 of work plane lane, a current row mine car 4 is towed to a year cash tramroad 5-2 and goes up and aim at continuous loading device 3, once there be spoil to fall under the effect of continuous loading device 3 from belt, finally fall in this row mine car 4, this row mine car 4 is realized continuous loading operation, until this row mine car 4 can be sent out a row empties 4 to carrying on cash tramroad 5-2 through a point turnout rail 5-3 after all filling from unloaded tramroad 5-1 again, realization is worked continuously, the mine car 4 of correspondingly originally filling can come back on unloaded tramroad 5-1 after unloading, circulation successively.
Use apparatus of the present invention to carry out the technique of excavation continuously and mainly comprise following 5 procedures:
(1) broken rock: use the cutting mechanism 1-1 of boom-type roadheader 1 to break rock construction, creeper undercarriage 1-4 advances and drives cutting mechanism 1-1 to complete the cutting of creeping in tunnel, the bobbed and woven swing cutting in tunnel of cutting mechanism 1-1, creep into and swing cutting and hocket, complete the broken rock operation in tunnel;
(2) dress cash: under the driving of boom-type roadheader 1 creeper undercarriage 1-4, the spoil that the shovel board of loader mechanism 1-2 and star-wheel fall cutting continuously loads, and spoil is constantly put on the drag conveyor of the 1-3 of transport establishment, completes dress cash operation;
(3) fortune cash: the drag conveyor of boom-type roadheader 1 1-3 of transport establishment, by constantly outwards transportation of spoil, finally drops on belt conveyer 2, and belt conveyer 2 carries spoil and continues transportation forward;
(4) entrucking: the spoil falling from belt conveyer 2 tail ends, through point cash effect of continuous loading device 3, directly fall in mine car 4, avoid spoil to trickle down mine car 4 gaps, realize continuous and automatic entrucking;
(5) go out cash: after a row mine car is all filled, be transported to Yun Gan great lane 5-4 by locomotive haulage, be transported to ground by elevator, complete out cash operation.
As shown in Figure 3, one takes turns out after cash operation completes, can realize by following manner the circulation-supplied of mine car 4, in figure, dotted line represents the movement locus of empties, in figure, chain-dotted line represents the movement locus of fully loaded mine car, that is: fully loaded mine car 4 is transported to after the 5-4 of Yun Gan great lane along carrying cash tramroad 5-2, is stored in a row empties 4 of unloaded tramroad 5-1, be towed to and carry cash tramroad 5-2 above along a point turnout rail 5-3 in time, start new round entrucking and go out cash; Correspondingly, fully loaded mine car 4 Yan Yungan great lane 5-4 advance and are finally winched to ground unloading, mine car 4 after unloading advances along equipment conveying lane 5-5, and transporting makes the return trip empty carries tramroad 5-1, and rests on the joining place of turnout track track 5-3 and unloaded tramroad 5-1, in order to follow-up recycling.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; be noted that for those skilled in the art; under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the continuous excavation equipment in tunnel, it is characterized in that: comprise boom-type roadheader (1), belt conveyer (2), continuous loading device (3) and mine car (4), described boom-type roadheader (1) comprises cutting mechanism (1-1), loader mechanism (1-2), transport establishment (1-3) and creeper undercarriage (1-4), described belt conveyer (2) is crawler type movable belt transporter and the afterbody that is arranged on boom-type roadheader (1), described mine car (4) is arranged on the below of the upper belt of belt conveyer (2), described mine car (4) is provided with traction electric machine, mine car (4) below is provided with tramroad, described tramroad comprises a year cash tramroad (5-2), unloaded tramroad (5-1) and point turnout rail (5-3), described point of turnout rail (5-3) connects year cash tramroad (5-2) and a unloaded tramroad (5-1), described year cash tramroad (5-2) extend in Yun Gan great lane (5-4) and lay in Yan Yungan great lane (5-4), described unloaded tramroad (5-1) extends in equipment conveying lane (5-5) and along equipment conveying lane (5-5) and lays, described continuous loading device (3) is arranged on the afterbody of belt conveyer (2) and is erected between mine car (4) and the belt of belt conveyer.
2. a technique is excavated in tunnel continuously, it is characterized in that: comprise following operation:
(1) broken rock: use the cutting mechanism (1-1) of boom-type roadheader (1) to break rock construction, the creeper undercarriage (1-4) of one side boom-type roadheader (1) advances and drives cutting mechanism (1-1) to complete the cutting of creeping in tunnel, simultaneously cutting mechanism (1-1) the swing cutting in tunnel of having bobbed and woven, creep into cutting and swing cutting and hocket, spoil falls, and completes the broken rock operation in tunnel;
(2) dress cash: under the driving of boom-type roadheader (1) creeper undercarriage (1-4), the spoil that loader mechanism (1-2) falls cutting continuously loads, and spoil is constantly put in transport establishment (1-3), completes dress cash operation;
(3) fortune cash: boom-type roadheader (1) transport establishment (1-3), by constantly outwards transportation of spoil, finally drops on belt conveyer (2) upper, and belt conveyer (2) carries spoil and continues transportation forward, completes fortune cash operation;
(4) entrucking: the spoil falling from belt conveyer (2) tail end directly falls in mine car (4) after continuous loading device (3) point cash;
(5) go out cash: after a row mine car (4) is all filled, draw this row mine car (4) Zhi Yungan great lane (5-4) by traction electric motor, this row mine car (4) is transported to ground unloading spoil; Meanwhile, a row empties (4) that is positioned at unloaded tramroad is towed to and carries cash tramroad along a point turnout rail, starts new round entrucking and goes out cash; The row empties (4) of unloading after spoil be from equipment conveying lane (5-5) transportation, along unloaded tramroad (5-1) transport and stop be stored in a point turnout rail (5-3) and sky at the joining place of tramroad (5-1) with for subsequent use.
CN201410055921.8A 2014-02-19 2014-02-19 Continuous excavating equipment and process for roadways Pending CN103821530A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103821530A true CN103821530A (en) 2014-05-28

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104533429A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 中国矿业大学 Double-roadway combining speedy drivage waste rock exhaust system and method
CN104564089A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 闫振东 Rock roadway quick tunneling process of impact crushing rock roadway tunneling machine
CN105257313A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-01-20 中国矿业大学 Rock gangway non-explosive exploiting process and rock gangway non-explosive exploiting equipment
CN107218077A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-29 永城煤电控股集团有限公司 Rock gangway multimode combines cash technique

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3481279A (en) * 1967-11-03 1969-12-02 Ideal Toy Corp Service station accessory track unit
US5120182A (en) * 1988-01-04 1992-06-09 Hvolka Dusan J Multi-purpose articulated bucket lift digging and hauling vehicle
CN201024361Y (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-02-20 王广胜 Coal mine down-hole floating crossing
CN101158139A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-04-09 山西潞安环保能源开发股份有限公司漳村煤矿 Rail vehicle track and railroad switch
CN201269103Y (en) * 2008-08-20 2009-07-08 三一重型装备有限公司 Drift driving construction system
CN103291315A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-11 永城煤电控股集团有限公司 Mine-car-gap-following waste rock distribution device under rock roadway continuous waste rock discharge
CN103556995A (en) * 2013-10-27 2014-02-05 黑龙江宏宇电站设备有限公司 Cantilever excavator

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3481279A (en) * 1967-11-03 1969-12-02 Ideal Toy Corp Service station accessory track unit
US5120182A (en) * 1988-01-04 1992-06-09 Hvolka Dusan J Multi-purpose articulated bucket lift digging and hauling vehicle
CN201024361Y (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-02-20 王广胜 Coal mine down-hole floating crossing
CN101158139A (en) * 2007-11-09 2008-04-09 山西潞安环保能源开发股份有限公司漳村煤矿 Rail vehicle track and railroad switch
CN201269103Y (en) * 2008-08-20 2009-07-08 三一重型装备有限公司 Drift driving construction system
CN103291315A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-11 永城煤电控股集团有限公司 Mine-car-gap-following waste rock distribution device under rock roadway continuous waste rock discharge
CN103556995A (en) * 2013-10-27 2014-02-05 黑龙江宏宇电站设备有限公司 Cantilever excavator

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104533429A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-22 中国矿业大学 Double-roadway combining speedy drivage waste rock exhaust system and method
WO2016095538A1 (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-06-23 中国矿业大学 Double-roadway combined speedy tunnelling and waste rock removal system and method
CN104533429B (en) * 2014-12-15 2016-08-24 中国矿业大学 A kind of double tunnel associating speedy drivage waste stone exhaust system and method
CN104564089A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 闫振东 Rock roadway quick tunneling process of impact crushing rock roadway tunneling machine
CN105257313A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-01-20 中国矿业大学 Rock gangway non-explosive exploiting process and rock gangway non-explosive exploiting equipment
CN107218077A (en) * 2017-06-26 2017-09-29 永城煤电控股集团有限公司 Rock gangway multimode combines cash technique
CN107218077B (en) * 2017-06-26 2019-04-30 永城煤电控股集团有限公司 Rock gangway multimode combines cash technique out

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Application publication date: 20140528