CN103801018A - Escaping system of building - Google Patents

Escaping system of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103801018A
CN103801018A CN201210448846.2A CN201210448846A CN103801018A CN 103801018 A CN103801018 A CN 103801018A CN 201210448846 A CN201210448846 A CN 201210448846A CN 103801018 A CN103801018 A CN 103801018A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rope
mentioned
slow
falls
floor
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Application number
CN201210448846.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴旭榕
Original Assignee
福建省连江县迅捷技术孵化有限公司
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Application filed by 福建省连江县迅捷技术孵化有限公司 filed Critical 福建省连江县迅捷技术孵化有限公司
Priority to CN201210448846.2A priority Critical patent/CN103801018A/en
Publication of CN103801018A publication Critical patent/CN103801018A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an escaping system of a building. The escaping system comprises a rope releasing device and a slow descent rope coiled in a reel or folded in a bunch, wherein the rope releasing device and the slow descent rope coiled in the reel or folded in the bunch are arranged on a roof floor or a middle floor of the building; the rope releasing device can be controlled by a control stay cord or a control switch of the rope releasing device to move the slow descent rope coiled in the reel or folded in the bunch to the outer side of an external wall of the building to fall in a floor under the floor provided with the rope releasing device or at a proper position outside the building; the slow descent rope coiled in the reel or folded in the bunch extends from a slow descent device and then is formed by coiling or folding, or the slow descent rope coiled in the reel extends after being fixedly connected with fixtures and then is formed by coiling or folding.

Description

A kind of escape system of building

Technical field

The application belongs to a kind of passway for escaping of building.

Background technology

The second in the world high tower, the Russian Ao Sitanjinnuo television tower fire of 540 meters high, cause the program of Russian Ge great TV station all to be broken, the communication disruption of all paging centers in Moscow and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Moscow first-aid system, 4 people are trapped in elevator dead, and many people are injured, TV Tower Structures is seriously damaged, make a stir all over the world, the fire of skyscraper is all drawing people's sight line always, but the integrity problem of Fire lift is more worth thinking deeply about in the time of fire.The act arm truck that also has existing fire-extinguishing and lifesaving to adopt, generally can implement 53 meters of high fire attacks and rescue people, be about as much as the height of 15 layers, once 15th floors above high-rise breaking out of fires, put out a fire upstairs except carrying water band on foot, more time, firefighters can only hope " fire " to heave a sigh, and let alone rescues people upstairs.The limit of having ascended a height of fire control aerial ladder vehicle, conventionally fire control aerial ladder vehicle can only rise to 80% left and right of limit value, if surface wind reaches 4 to 5 grades, the fire control aerial ladder vehicle operation that just cannot raise.Once such 50 meters of above skyscrapers are on fire or have personnel stranded, aerial ladder is just difficult to play a role, ordinary circumstance trapped personnel can only self-dependent ability be escaped, and the fire fighting device of part skyscraper is incomplete, Door for fire hydrant exists by resident and the various phenomenons such as blocks with foreign material, brings resistance to especially fire fighting escape.In a word, traditional high-rise life saving, elevator is forbidden and is dangerous, walking stair exists by the danger of the intensity of a fire and dense smoke blocking-up, it is again dangerous, stable adopting in addition various descending lifelines, the lifesaving appliance of self-help escape, in use, also there is obstacle at heart, still more because various factors comprises that the hook of repair and maintenance problem, the descending lifeline of storage problem, the descending lifeline of safety issue, the descending lifeline of descending lifeline affects indoor aesthetic problem and all causes that to buy family or the user of descending lifeline or escape apparatus few.As user has prepared descending lifeline, but when breaking out of fire is used, still existing problems, user need install and fix descending lifeline within very short time, this brings inconvenience and easily makes mistakes using, when special problem is breaking out of fire, we are often fixed on descending lifeline by window side or balcony, at this moment fire fighting truck downstairs can be concentrated facing to window or balcony sprinkling fire, and most of descending lifelines or escape apparatus are the most water funk infiltrations of friction-type, this can reduce friction and cause the inefficacy of descending lifeline or escape apparatus, also have when breaking out of fire flame usually outside window or balcony extension spread, the high temperature of flame can make descending lifeline or escape apparatus lose efficacy equally.Along with the increase of building height and day by day intensive, the potential safety hazard of building is also more and more, under the critical situation such as breaking out of fire, the effective escape means of people are considerably less, and the means of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving and lifesaving are highly restricted, nowadays the effective ways of researching and developing high-rise building life saving escape become urgent problem, and we are badly in need of effective fire in high buildings rescue run means.

Summary of the invention

The application's object is to provide the passage of a kind of building escape, and in the time that breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need to leave building in time, described building can provide a kind of passage, allows people flee from ground or security platform or other floor from high building safely in time.

For achieving the above object, the application adopts following technical scheme:

A kind of building, the escape system of described building comprises rope releasing device, coil the slow rope that falls rolling or folding bunchy, the roofing layer of described building or intermediate floor are provided with above-mentioned rope releasing device and the coiling slow rope that falls rolling or folding bunchy, be provided with the floor of above-mentioned rope releasing device or be provided with rope releasing device floor below floor be provided with rope releasing device floor above floor or described building outside suitable position can by with the control stay cord of above-mentioned rope releasing device or the above-mentioned rope releasing device of gauge tap control above-mentioned coiling rolling or folding bunchy slow fall under outside that rope moves to the exterior wall of described building hangs, above-mentioned coiling rolling or folding bunchy slow fall rope be from descending lifeline extend and coil or be folded to form or above-mentioned coiling rolling slow fall that rope is slow falls rope extension coiling or be folded to form from being fixedly connected with fixture, the safety belt that the user of the floor of the below of the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device dresses falls on rope by grabbing rope device put in place slow that hang described in being fixedly connected on, the described rope device of grabbing adopts one of following scheme: the above-mentioned rope device of grabbing comprises movable slider, fixing slide block, above-mentioned fixing slide block is fixed on the housing of grabbing rope device, movable slider is movably arranged on the housing of grabbing rope device, described safety belt is connected with above-mentioned housing of grabbing rope device, the described slow hole that falls rope and can put into above-mentioned movable slider side, above-mentioned movable slider can enter and insert the slow rope that falls of clamping in fixing slide block, movable slider is provided with parallel inclined-plane with fixing slide block, above-mentioned movable slider can slip in fixing slide block along above-mentioned inclined-plane, when exerting pressure to movable slider by inclined-plane, clamps fixing slide block the above-mentioned slow rope that falls, the above-mentioned rope device of grabbing is an openable snap ring, describedly slow fall rope and is provided with male member every a segment distance, and the inside diameter of above-mentioned snap ring is less than the outer dia of above-mentioned male member, above-mentioned grab rope device be rock-climbing use lifting device or 8 word ring or drop devices, above-mentioned grab rope device comprise one with outer straight flange or with the becket of wave-like, a rope sling, when the slow rope that falls hangs while putting in place, user can be close together the outside of the outer straight flange of above-mentioned becket or wave-like use the above safety belt of tiing a knot and dress with user of above-mentioned rope sling winding 3 circle to be connected with the slow rope that falls, and user is just fastened on above-mentioned slow falling on rope by above-mentioned rope sling and becket like this.The above-mentioned slow rope that falls is made up of steel wire rope inner core and the outer sheath of compiling, and the slow rope that falls is brushed and had fireproof paint, above-mentionedly slowly falls rope and also adopts soon steel wire rope or nylon rope or cordage.

Wherein, described fixture be arranged on the floor of the below that is provided with the floor of rope releasing device or is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device top floor or be arranged on the outer suitable position of described building, above-mentionedly be fixedly connected with the rear extended slow rope that falls with fixture and extend and form a volume or rope falls in a branch of delaying to the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device, described descending lifeline slow falls rope and from descending lifeline, extends out and be arranged on and in built-in pipe, extend to the described roofing layer that rope releasing device is set or refuge story or intermediate floor and form described coil or the folding slow rope that falls, above-mentioned slow rope falls and can be removable in built-in pipe.

Wherein, described descending lifeline be arranged on the floor of the below that is provided with the floor of rope releasing device or is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device top floor or be arranged on the outer suitable position of described building, above-mentioned descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device or drawing and pulling type descending lifeline or chain-belt type descending lifeline, and the slow rope that falls of above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device adopts one of following scheme:

Above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall and is provided with the floor of rope releasing device and coils or be folded into two volumes or the slow rope that falls of two bundles described in extending to;

Above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall, above-mentioned two slow ends that fall rope are fixedly connected with and form the slow rope that falls of a circulation, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and is provided with the floor of rope releasing device and coils or be folded into a volume or a branch of slow rope that falls described in extending to, described descending lifeline slow falls rope and from descending lifeline, extends out and be arranged on and in built-in pipe, extend to described roofing layer or refuge story or the intermediate floor that rope releasing device is set, above-mentioned slow rope falls and can be at pre-buried in-pipe, above-mentioned built-in pipe can be arranged on the outside of wall in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in or beyond vertical duct.

Wherein, described slow falling rope is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device described in extending in built-in pipe, built-in pipe can be arranged on the outside of wall in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in or beyond vertical duct, and the described slow rope that falls can be walked around rotating disk or runner or cylinder change direction.

Wherein, the floor of the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device or described rope releasing device below or the floor or the outer suitable position of described building that are provided with the top of the floor of rope releasing device are provided with the gauge tap of controlling stay cord or being connected with circuit, and above-mentioned control stay cord or gauge tap can veer away described that coil or the folding slow rope that falls get off along exterior wall side by tricing line rope releasing device from top to bottom.

Wherein, the arranged outside of wall has built-in pipe in the body of wall of described building or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in or beyond vertical duct, above-mentioned built-in pipe extends setting downward or upward from described roofing layer or the intermediate floor that is provided with rope releasing device, above-mentioned built-in pipe is connected with switch box body at floor place, built-in pipe blocks at above-mentioned switch box body place, in above-mentioned built-in pipe, be provided with and control stay cord or circuit, above-mentioned control stay cord or circuit extend up or down with above-mentioned rope releasing device and are connected from above-mentioned switch box body.

Wherein, described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, described in above-mentioned executing agency is arranged on, is provided with on the floor of rope releasing device, and above-mentioned control system adopts one of following scheme:

Above-mentioned control system comprises the control circuit that is arranged on the inner or outer side of motor, the power-on switch being connected with the control circuit of motor, the control stay cord being connected with the movable piece of power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm, hold and control stay cord and be arranged on outer built-in pipe within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord extends in the switch box body of floor of described building after being arranged on the interior movable piece from above-mentioned power-on switch of above-mentioned built-in pipe or moving contact or brace or the connection of button control arm, above-mentioned control stay cord changes direction by rotating disk also can be at pre-buried in-pipe, described architectural establishment has built-in pipe, built-in pipe floor below residing floor place of executing agency or executing agency's floor of living in is connected with switch box body, above-mentioned built-in pipe blocks at above-mentioned switch box body place, switch box body is provided with openable lid, in above-mentioned built-in pipe, be provided with and control stay cord or electric wire, power-on switch is arranged on roofing layer or refuge story, the actuating mechanism of power-on switch is arranged on by power-on switch, actuating mechanism is connected with one end of above-mentioned control stay cord, control stay cord from the residing floor of executing agency downwards by be arranged on body of wall or built-in pipe within the walls extend and extend in above-mentioned switch box body to uppermost storey or intermediate floor, opening above-mentioned lid can pull control stay cord and drive above-mentioned actuating mechanism to make the closed energising of power-on switch, below can extending to from the residing floor of executing agency, above-mentioned control stay cord provides use in the switch box body of floor, design is that power-on switch is arranged in above-mentioned switch box body in addition, power-on switch in above-mentioned switch box body is connected with electric wire, electric wire is connected with control circuit from switch box body upwards extends to the residing floor of executing agency of described building in above-mentioned built-in pipe.

Above-mentioned control system comprises the control stay cord, built-in pipe, the switch box body that are connected with executing agency, above-mentioned built-in pipe is embedded in outward within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord changes direction by rotating disk and extends downward in the switch box body of floor of described building from above-mentioned executing agency in above-mentioned built-in pipe, and above-mentioned control stay cord can be at pre-buried in-pipe;

Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged on the control circuit of side in or beyond motor, the power-on switch being connected with the control circuit of motor, power-on switch is arranged in the switch box body at floor place or above-mentioned executing agency residing floor place of above-mentioned executing agency below, between power-on switch and executing agency, be connected with circuit, circuit is arranged in outer built-in pipe within the walls, above-mentioned circuit from up to down extends in the switch box body of above-mentioned floor and is connected with power-on switch in built-in pipe from the residing floor of executing agency, above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts one of following scheme:

Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor to drive;

Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts hydraulic-driven;

Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts air pressure to drive;

Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts Spring driving;

Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts manual drive.

Wherein, described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and above-mentioned executing agency adopts one of following scheme:

Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the case lid, the rotating shaft that are connected with motor, be arranged on rotating disk on case lid, be used for reeling and slowly fall the rotating shaft of rope or be used for holding the slow supporting plate that falls rope, above-mentioned motor can under the control of control system, drive above-mentioned case lid around rotating shaft turn to the exterior wall outside of described building and discharge described in coil or the folding slow rope that falls;

Above-mentioned executing agency adopts manipulator, manipulator under the control of control system, can grab that coil described in picking up or folding slow fall rope and move to exterior wall outside discharge above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;

Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the rotatable gear being connected with motor, the slow delivery board that falls rope is used for veering away, the slow openable supporting plate that falls rope that coil or folding described in holding with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board, above-mentioned delivery board is connected on the connecting shaft of rotatable gear, rotatable gear is arranged on gear track, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear and gear track, above-mentioned motor is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board and by chain band and is connected with rotatable gear, motor can drive rotatable gear to rotate by chain band, rotatable gear can drive above-mentioned delivery board movement outside to exterior wall on gear track, in the time that supporting plate runs to the outside of exterior wall, due to the effect of gravity, supporting plate is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate of rope fall, rotary drum is set on delivery board, slow fall rope and walk around rotary drum and decline, the slow rope that falls of position assurance of rotary drum can not be subject to the obstruction of motor and rotatable gear and can reduce to delay the frictional force while falling rope change direction,

Above-mentioned executing agency comprises that coil described in placement or folding slow supporting plate, the push rod that falls rope, above-mentioned push rod supports above-mentioned supporting plate, push rod rotatably allows the supporting plate that loses support rotate around a rotating shaft downwards, and the slow rope that falls being arranged on above-mentioned supporting plate just can get off in landing;

Above-mentioned executing agency adopts tape loop, tape loop is enclosed within the periphery of drive roll and driven cylinder, above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor, motor can drive above-mentioned drive roll to roll and drive tape loop cycle rotation, in the time that tape loop is arranged on inner side of outer wall edge, the slow rope that falls that tape loop is arranged on tape loop while rotation just can hang along the outside of exterior wall.

Wherein, described descending lifeline adopts reciprocating magnetic brake descending lifeline, and concrete structure adopts one of following manner:

Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, connecting reels is provided with the slow rope that falls of a volume, and above-mentioned slow one end that falls rope extends out and forms described coil or the folding slow rope that falls from described descending lifeline;

Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, be fixedly installed rotating disk, on rotating disk, be wound with the slow rope that falls of a circulation, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and come and form the slow rope that falls of a volume, above-mentioned executing agency moves and discharges that an above-mentioned volume is slow to fall after rope, rope falls in circulation slow provides use from the residing floor of the above-mentioned executing agency adapter sleeve that hangs being arranged on after rotating disk ground or body of wall or cylinder tensioning, the user of the floor of above-mentioned executing agency below can be recycled or is used alternatingly two slow ropes that fall that appear at the window dish of building or the opening side that balcony is other or exterior wall is external, above-mentioned two slow ropes that fall are all that two vertical components that rope hangs downwards after extending fall in circulation slow,

Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, be fixedly installed gear turntable, on the gear of gear turntable, cover has the slow rope that falls of a circulation, the slow rope that falls of above-mentioned circulation is the wheel chain band circulating, the wheel chain band of above-mentioned circulation extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk to be come and forms the slow rope that falls of a volume, above-mentioned executing agency moves and discharges that an above-mentioned volume is slow to fall after rope, the wheel chain band of circulation hangs and gets off to provide use from the residing floor of above-mentioned executing agency, when use, the above-mentioned best adapter sleeve of wheel chain band hanging provides use on the gear that is arranged on the gear turntable on ground or body of wall and after tensioning, the user of the floor of above-mentioned executing agency below can be recycled or is used alternatingly the two rooted tooth endless chain bands that appear at the window dish of building or the opening side that balcony is other or exterior wall is external, above-mentioned two rooted tooth endless chain bands are all two vertical components that the wheel chain band of circulation hangs downwards after extending.

Wherein, the slow rope that falls of two volumes that the rope releasing device of the roofing layer of described building or refuge story or intermediate floor can extend out two or more descending lifelines or fixture or multireel is discharged into by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row, user has dressed safety belt and can slow fallen rope and be connected with above-mentioned, connect one of the following scheme of adopting: in the time that roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange two descending lifelines, hang and get off to delay to fall rope one from descending lifeline one, hang to get off to delay while falling rope two from descending lifeline two, user has dressed after safety belt and can grab rope device by the lifting device of rock-climbing use or other and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also on rope two, connect stall euphroe slow falling simultaneously, stall euphroe connects with the one end that is connected stay cord, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope two and slide when normal, when when stall, decrease speed exceedes safety speed suddenly, stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope two that falls.So when user's safety belt connects upper slow while falling that rope one is gentle to fall rope two and jump as stated above downwards, user just can safety decline under slow traction of falling rope one and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, in decline process as descending lifeline one lost efficacy or the slow rope one that falls while breaking, user's decrease speed strengthened and is greater than safety speed in moment, at this moment stall euphroe just fastens the slow rope two that falls, user just can be fixedly connected on the slow safety decline under slow traction of falling rope two and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two on rope two of falling like this, this provides the insurance scheme of landing for subsequent use just to user in the slow process of falling, this can be avoided user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart, in the time that roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange three descending lifelines, hang and get off to delay to fall rope one from descending lifeline one, hang to get off to delay while falling rope two from descending lifeline two, hang and get off to delay to fall rope three from descending lifeline three, user has dressed after safety belt and can grab rope device by the lifting device of rock-climbing use or other and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also on rope two, connect automatic stall euphroe one slow falling simultaneously, automatically stall euphroe one connects with the one end that is connected stay cord one, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, also on rope three, connect manual stall euphroe two slow falling simultaneously, manually stall euphroe two connects with the one end that is connected stay cord two, the other end that connects stay cord two is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, above-mentioned stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope and slide when normal, when when stall, decrease speed exceedes safety speed suddenly, stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope that falls by automatic or manual.So when user's safety belt connects the slow rope one that falls as stated above, the slow rope two that falls, delay when falling rope three and jumping downwards, user just can safety decline under slow traction of falling rope one and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, in decline process as descending lifeline one lost efficacy or the slow rope one that falls while breaking, user's decrease speed strengthened and is greater than safety speed in moment, at this moment stall euphroe falls rope two once fastening to delay automatically, user just can be fixedly connected on the slow safety decline under slow traction of falling rope two and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two on rope two of falling like this, if at this moment descending lifeline two also lost efficacy or delayed and fall rope two fractures, user's decrease speed is still greater than safety speed, user just can Push switch or is pulled stay cord to start manual stall euphroe two, hand cord-tightening device two just can be fixedly connected on slow falling on rope three, user also can safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline three like this.Reduce costs if, above-mentioned slow rope two or the slow upper end that falls rope three of falling can adopt with fixture and be fixedly connected with, when decline as occur stall, stall euphroe can be fixed slow rope two or the slow rope three that falls of falling, and user just can fixedly hover over to delay to fall rope two or delay and fall on rope three and prevented from falling like this.This insurance scheme of landing for subsequent use being provided just to user in the slow process of falling of above scheme, this can be avoided user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart.

Adopt after technique scheme, the described slow rope that falls can be hung along the outside of the exterior wall of building by controlling and extend to that the window of uppermost storey or intermediate floor is other or balcony is other or build that external opening is other provides use, when breaking out of fire, user has dressed safety belt and has fallen that rope is fixedly connected with and by above-mentioned window or balcony or build external outward opening and land downwards with slow, thereby fall rope through the reducing gear of descending lifeline and be subject to the effect of reducing gear to guarantee slowly to fall rope and be drawn out with the speed of safety due to slow, this just can guarantee that user declines with the speed of safety, in the time that first user lands safely, second user can be connected to the safety belt of having dressed slowly to fall on rope by above-mentioned window or balcony or build external opening landing, certainly, for guaranteeing the speed of fleeing from, we can design simultaneously one group of two people one or one group of three people of group or many people and decline simultaneously, after decline, allow again next group librarian use is slow to fall rope and flee from landing, this has just played continuous lifesaving.Above-mentioned technical scheme also has the following advantages: 1, can be provided with above-mentioned switch box body at the each window of house and balcony, control stay cord or power-on switch, each window in the time of breaking out of fire like this, the external opening of balcony and exterior wall is all passway for escaping, the people of premises specially communications centre crosses conflagration area and removes to find specific passway for escaping, existing each family can not buy descending lifeline for each window, general one family can buy a descending lifeline or escape apparatus is just fine, so each family generally only has a descending lifeline passway for escaping, in the time of parlor or the breaking out of fire of doorway, bedroom, just may block escape personnel's escape, even if there is window on escape personnel side, when descending lifeline is in parlor or another room, but conflagration area has been blocked escape personnel, therefore escape personnel just cannot take descending lifeline and go escape, and the application's technical scheme can be provided with descending lifeline at each window of every cover premises and balcony, all set up passway for escaping at each window and balcony, 2, the quantity that present people buy descending lifeline is few, and main cause is to worry effect and the security performance of descending lifeline, if by the unified screening of developer descending lifeline, select superior in quality descending lifeline, that user will be more relieved, 3, the quantity that present people buy descending lifeline is few, reason also has the placement of descending lifeline to take up room, when use, descending lifeline will have fixing part, the decorative effect that affect room is understood in arranging of fixture, and the descending lifeline of the application's technical scheme is to be placed on the suitable part such as roof or refuge story, it does not take the space of house, the lid that only needs user to open the outside of body of wall or the switch box body of side or inner side from window limit or balcony limit when use just can start described rope releasing device and rope is fallen in slow on the roofing layer of described building or refuge story move to the outside of exterior wall release and delay and fall rope pulling and controlling stay cord or press power-on switch, the slow rope that falls just can extend to along hanging under the lateral of exterior wall by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of below floor, the user who needs like this escape slow falls that rope is fixedly connected with and jumping downwards falls with regard to wearable good safety belt by what grab rope device or adopt that other way puts in place with above-mentioned extension, user just can decline safely and escape under the effect that is arranged on the descending lifeline on roofing layer or refuge story, 4, because the house type in the vertical direction of general house is the same, the window of every layer of house and balcony are unified in the position of vertical direction, so in the time that descending lifeline is arranged on building surface layer or on refuge story, descending lifeline slow falls rope and hangs downwards to extend and just can meet the even all uses of floors of multiple floors, and the technical scheme that developer just implements the application in the construction stage so just reduces costs than each family purchase descending lifeline, 5, by unified daily repair and maintenance work and the management work that descending lifeline is set is also convenient to descending lifeline of developer, thereby guarantee the normal use of descending lifeline, 6, user connects and uses the fast and safety of slow speed of falling rope when fire, and not needing to install descending lifeline only needs the safety belt of having dressed and be connected and fixed to delay to fall rope and jump.One of maximum advantage of the application is also: be first because descending lifeline is arranged on roofing layer or refuge story, above-mentioned roofing layer or refuge story area are large, allow descending lifeline to be designed to the descending lifeline of large volume, in the large space of the inside of the descending lifeline due to large volume, can design the slowing-down structure that multiple protection is higher, this is that current family expenses small size descending lifeline cannot be realized, also have descending lifeline or the escape apparatus of current family expenses also to exist usual detection all qualified, the accident but breaking out of fire just meets accident while use, this is that user is fixed on descending lifeline by the other or balcony of window during due to breaking out of fire, at this moment fire-extinguishing truck is with regard to the floor room water spray of Chang Huixiang breaking out of fire, the frictional force that the injection that the descending lifeline of friction-type runs into water will reduce descending lifeline internal structure makes slowly to fall speed that rope is drawn out of and be greater than safety speed and cause the accident, same in the time of room breaking out of fire, after fire spread, can outwards spray flare from window or balcony, flame, this also can cause the damage of the above-mentioned descending lifeline that is fixed on window side or balcony side, lost efficacy, this is all the major safety risks that breaking out of fire is used current descending lifeline or escape apparatus to exist, adopt technique scheme just can evade above-mentioned potential safety hazard, this is because descending lifeline is arranged on roofing layer or refuge story, this is not ignition point, descending lifeline can not be subject to the impact of fire, while also having breaking out of fire, user has dressed safety belt and has been connected and fixed above-mentioned hanging and extended put in place slow and fall after rope by window or balcony or outward opening is declined safely, because the safety speed general control declining is at 1 meter per second---1.5 meters, that is to say that the slow rope that falls is to decline with interior speed with 1 meter or 1.5 meters per second per second, the above-mentioned slow rope that falls adopts steel wire cable painting to brush fireproof paint, fall rope and be exposed in flame even at this moment slow, because the effect of fireproof paint and the slow rope that falls are be drawn out of and decline with the speed of 1 meter or 1.5 meters per second per second, it is slow that to fall the time of rope in flame very short, flame can not fall rope and causes damage slow, last building is now more and more higher, high-rise building continues to bring out, this just causes the slow rope that falls of current descending lifeline constantly to lengthen, the volume of descending lifeline constantly increases, the model of descending lifeline also must constantly increase, this will inevitably affect descending lifeline manufacturing cost and practicality, and the application's technical scheme just can be evaded this problem, the application can only offer each floor use with a vertical slow rope that falls from top to bottom, no matter which floor breaking out of fire all can be used above-mentioned that root to decline safely from roofing layer or the vertical fallen vertical slow rope that falls from top to bottom of refuge story of described building.Important beneficial effect is to be discharged into by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row when two volumes or the slow rope that falls of multireel that the roofing layer of described building or the rope releasing device of refuge story or intermediate floor can extend out two or more descending lifelines or fixture in addition, user has dressed safety belt and can slow fallen rope and be connected with above-mentioned, connect one of the following scheme of adopting: in the time that roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange two descending lifelines, hang and get off to delay to fall rope one from descending lifeline one, hang to get off to delay while falling rope two from descending lifeline two, user has dressed after safety belt and can grab rope device by the lifting device of rock-climbing use or other and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also on rope two, connect stall euphroe slow falling simultaneously, stall euphroe connects with the one end that is connected stay cord, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope two and slide when normal, when when stall, decrease speed exceedes safety speed suddenly, stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope two that falls.So when user's safety belt connects upper slow while falling that rope one is gentle to fall rope two and jump as stated above downwards, user just can safety decline under slow traction of falling rope one and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, in decline process as descending lifeline one lost efficacy or the slow rope one that falls while breaking, user's decrease speed strengthened and is greater than safety speed in moment, at this moment stall euphroe just fastens the slow rope two that falls, user just can be fixedly connected on the slow safety decline under slow traction of falling rope two and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two on rope two of falling like this, this provides the insurance scheme of landing for subsequent use just to user in the slow process of falling, this can be avoided user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart, in the time that roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange three descending lifelines, hang and get off to delay to fall rope one from descending lifeline one, hang to get off to delay while falling rope two from descending lifeline two, hang and get off to delay to fall rope three from descending lifeline three, user has dressed after safety belt and can grab rope device by the lifting device of rock-climbing use or other and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also on rope two, connect automatic stall euphroe one slow falling simultaneously, automatically stall euphroe one connects with the one end that is connected stay cord one, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, also on rope three, connect manual stall euphroe two slow falling simultaneously, manually stall euphroe two connects with the one end that is connected stay cord two, the other end that connects stay cord two is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, above-mentioned stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope and slide when normal, when when stall, decrease speed exceedes safety speed suddenly, stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope that falls by automatic or manual.So when user's safety belt connects the slow rope one that falls as stated above, the slow rope two that falls, delay when falling rope three and jumping downwards, user just can safety decline under slow traction of falling rope one and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, in decline process as descending lifeline one lost efficacy or the slow rope one that falls while breaking, user's decrease speed strengthened and is greater than safety speed in moment, at this moment stall euphroe falls rope two once fastening to delay automatically, user just can be fixedly connected on the slow safety decline under slow traction of falling rope two and under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two on rope two of falling like this, if at this moment descending lifeline two also lost efficacy or delayed and fall rope two fractures, user's decrease speed is still greater than safety speed, user just can Push switch or is pulled stay cord to start manual stall euphroe two, hand cord-tightening device two just can be fixedly connected on slow falling on rope three, user also can safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline three like this.Reduce costs if, above-mentioned slow rope two or the slow upper end that falls rope three of falling can adopt with fixture and be fixedly connected with, when decline as occur stall, stall euphroe can be fixed slow rope two or the slow rope three that falls of falling, and user just can fixedly hover over to delay to fall rope two or delay and fall on rope three and prevented from falling like this.Above scheme this provide and prevented that the dual fail-safe measure that user falls even can be designed with three insurances or more insure measure just to user in the slow process of falling, this fear that can avoid user to use delaying falling rope at heart and being perfectly safe of guaranteeing that user lands.In the time that the application's descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device, from the descending lifeline slow slow rope two that falls of rope one and one volume that falls of a volume that extends out, when executing agency moves and discharges above-mentioned slow while falling that rope one is gentle falls rope two, the slow gentle rope two that falls of rope one that falls all hangs down and falls earthward or approach ground, falls the gentle user's use of falling rope two and can alternately offer the floor of executing agency below of rope one so slow.In the time that the application's descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device and slow fall that rope adopts circulation slow while falling rope, from the extend out slow rope that falls of a volume circulation of descending lifeline, when executing agency move and discharge above-mentioned circulation slow while falling rope, the slow of circulation falls rope Crater face or approaches ground, therefore just there are two slow ropes that fall on the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall the is external side of the floor of executing agency below, above-mentioned two slow ropes that fall extend the slow rope that falls that is connected to become above-mentioned circulation, so above-mentioned two slow fallen rope user capable of circulation or that alternately offer the floor of executing agency below and use, certainly in the time that above-mentioned circulation slow falls that rope is vertical to fall earthward or approach ground, preferably above-mentioned circulation slow rope cover fallen to around arranging on runner on the ground or on construction wall or rotating disk and tensioning.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the first embodiment;

Fig. 2 is that the rope releasing device of the application the first embodiment discharges the cross-sectional schematic of delaying while falling rope;

Fig. 3 is the generalized section of the application the second embodiment;

Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the application the second embodiment;

Fig. 5 is that the application the second embodiment delays the generalized section while falling rope whereabouts;

Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of the delivery board of the application the second embodiment while moving to outside exterior wall;

Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of grabbing rope device;

Fig. 8 grabs the fastening cross-sectional schematic of delaying while falling rope of rope device;

Fig. 9 is the oblique view of grabbing rope device;

Figure 10 grabs the fastening oblique view delaying while falling rope of rope device;

Figure 11 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the 3rd embodiment;

Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of the application the 3rd embodiment;

As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the first embodiment, on the roofing layer 38 of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 7 and rope releasing device, above-mentioned descending lifeline 7 slow falls rope 2 and extends by rotating disk 13 and change the direction extension dish slow rope 16 that falls that rolls up from descending lifeline 7 openings 12, the intermediate floor of described building or the outer correct position of building can tricing line rope releasing device will above-mentioned one roll to delay and fall rope 16 and release from top to bottom along exterior wall 30 outsides, above-mentionedly discharge from top to bottom the following slow rope 16 that falls along exterior wall 30 sides and can draw and pull slow in descending lifeline 7 to fall safety speed that rope 2 declines with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 7 from the interior pull of opening 12 of descending lifeline 7 out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is can do or do with steel with aluminum at metal ring track 9(when magnet 5 and magnet 8) surperficial rapid movement, metal ring track 9 is interior can produce the eddy current that stops magnet 5 and magnet 8 to move, eddy current can make the magnet 5 of motion and magnet 8 be decelerated to very soon the decrease speed of safety and stability, generally in 1.3 meters per second, the final stabilized speed of magnet 5 and magnet 8 can be carried out the kind of magnet 5 and magnet 8 and big or small selection by being connected to the slow number of rope 16 and everyone weight and the safety speed of requirement of falling.Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, the driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 21, and control system comprises the control stay cord 28 that is arranged on the control circuit of sides in or beyond motor 21, the power-on switch 23 being connected with the control circuit of motor 21, be connected with the movable piece of power-on switch 23 or moving contact or brace or button control arm, holds control stay cord 28 and be arranged on the built-in pipe from top to bottom 33 in exterior wall 30.Above-mentioned control stay cord 28 changes direction by rotating disk 27 and rotating disk 39 and extends to from top to bottom in the switch box body 37 of intermediate floor in the perforate 32 of the exterior wall 30 of described building and built-in pipe 33.The executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 35, rotating shaft 15, the case lid 10 that are connected with motor 21, be arranged on rotating disk 13, rotating disk 17 on case lid 10, the slow rotating shaft 18 of falling rope 16 that is used for reeling, be used for holding the slow supporting plate 19 that falls rope 16, and above-mentioned case lid 10 can rotate around rotating shaft 15 under the drive of motor 21.One building as shown in Figure 1, comprise exterior wall 30, in described exterior wall 30, be provided with switch box body 37, in above-mentioned switch box body 16, be provided with and control stay cord 28, above-mentioned control stay cord 28 is connected in the moving contact of the power-on switch 23 of descending lifeline 7, user can pull control stay cord 28 in the intermediate floor of described building in above-mentioned switch box body 37, controls stay cord 28 and pulls the moving contact of power-on switch 23 to make the closed energising of power-on switch 23 by rotating disk 39 and rotating disk 27.Descending lifeline 7 is arranged on the roofing layer 38 of described building, descending lifeline 7 comprises case lid 10, casing 6, case lid 10 can rotate folding around the rotating shaft 15 being arranged on casing 6, casing 6 is fixedly installed metal ring track 9(by supporting construction 11 and can makes by aluminum metal), be close to metal ring track 9 and be provided with magnet 5 and magnet 8, magnet 5 and magnet 8 are fixed in supporting construction 20, supporting construction 20 is fixed in rotating shaft 1, rotating shaft 1 is rotatable, in rotating shaft 1, be connected with the slow rope 3 that falls of a volume, slow rope 3 pulling units that fall are divided into the slow rope 2 that falls, on above-mentioned case lid 10, be provided with rotating disk 13 and rotating disk 17, case lid 10 surfaces are provided with rotating shaft 18 and supporting plate 19, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls extends the outside of casing 6 and coiled rotating disk 13 and coils in rotating shaft 18 again and become the slow rope 16 that falls of a volume from the opening 12 of casing 6.In casing 6, be also provided with motor 21, the turning cylinder 22 of motor 21 can drive rotating shaft 15 to rotate by chain band 35, the control circuit of motor 21 is by electric wire 25, electric wire 26 is connected with power-on switch 23, power-on switch 23 is normally open when normal, the moving contact of power-on switch 23 is connected with a control stay cord 28, controlling stay cord 28 changes direction by rotating disk 27 and rotating disk 39 extend to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate 32 of the exterior wall 30 of described building and built-in pipe 33, in the exterior wall 30 of intermediate floor, be provided with switch box body 37, switch box body 37 is provided with openable lid 36, in the time that breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need to leave building in time, user can open the lid and 36 make the closed energising of power-on switch 23 from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 37 stay cord 28, above-mentioned motor 21 can be under the control of control circuit follow procedure action stop after making case lid 10 open certain angle, the other bracing frame 31 that is provided with case lid 10 of another descending lifeline 7, on bracing frame 31, be provided with support spring 29, the cushioning effect of 29 supporting box covers 10 of support spring.

As shown in Figure 2, Fig. 2 is that the rope releasing device of the application the first embodiment discharges slow cross-sectional schematic while falling rope.In the time that breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need to leave building in time, user can open the lid and 36 make the closed energising of power-on switch 23 from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 37 stay cord 28, above-mentioned motor 21 can be under the control of control circuit follow procedure action stop after making case lid 10 open certain angle, the other bracing frame 31 that is provided with case lid 10 of descending lifeline 7, on bracing frame 31, be provided with support spring 29,29 cushioning effects of support spring.On the roofing layer of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 7 and rope releasing device, the intermediate floor of described building or the outer correct position of building can tricing line rope releasing device will above-mentioned one roll to delay and fall rope 16 and release from top to bottom along exterior wall 30 sides, above-mentionedly discharge from top to bottom the following slow rope 16 that falls along exterior wall 30 sides and can draw and pull slow in descending lifeline 7 to fall safety speed that rope 2 declines with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 7 from the interior pull of descending lifeline 7 out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is when magnet 5 and magnet 8 are at the surperficial rapid movement of metal ring track 9, metal ring track 9 is interior can produce the eddy current that stops magnet 5 and magnet 8 to move, eddy current can make the magnet 5 of motion and magnet 8 be decelerated to very soon the decrease speed of safety and stability, generally in 1.3 meters per second, the final stabilized speed of magnet 5 and magnet 8 can be carried out the kind of magnet 5 and magnet 8 and big or small selection by being connected to the slow number of rope 16 and everyone weight and the safety speed of requirement of falling.Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, the driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 21, control system comprise be arranged on the control circuit of sides in or beyond motor 21, the power-on switch 23 being connected with the control circuit of motor 21, with the control stay cord 28 that the movable piece of power-on switch 23 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 28 and be arranged on the built-in pipe from top to bottom 33 in exterior wall 30.Above-mentioned control stay cord 28 changes direction by rotating disk 27 and rotating disk 39 and extends to from top to bottom in the switch box body 37 of intermediate floor in the perforate 32 of the exterior wall 30 of described building and built-in pipe 33.The executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 35 being connected with motor 21, rotating shaft 15, case lid 10, be arranged on the rotating disk 13 on case lid 10, rotating disk 17, slow rotating shaft 18 of falling rope 16 is used for reeling, be used for holding the slow supporting plate 19 that falls rope 16, above-mentioned case lid 10 can rotate around rotating shaft 15, as shown in Figure 2, after rotating, case lid 10 leans against on support spring 29, case lid 10 drives that an above-mentioned volume is slow to fall rope 16 and overturn rotating simultaneously, while beginning turning, falling rope 16 because the effect of contraction of rotating shaft 18 and supporting plate 19 is slow can be fixed in rotating shaft 18, in the time being turned to exterior wall 30 outside, due to the effect of gravity make an above-mentioned volume slow fall that rope 16 landing from rotating shaft 18 is got off and spread apart along the exterior wall 30 of described building fall to extending to the window of intermediate floor is other or balcony is other or exterior wall to by outward opening, the wearable good safety belt of user is also fixedly connected with the slow rope 16 that falls putting in place, then by above-mentioned window or balcony or the external outward opening of exterior wall jumps off downwards and under descending lifeline 7 effect safety decline.In described exterior wall 30, be provided with switch box body 37, in above-mentioned switch box body 37, be provided with and control stay cord 28, above-mentioned control stay cord 28 is connected in the power-on switch 23 of motor 21, user can be from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 37 stay cord 28 in the intermediate floor of described building, controls stay cord 28 and pulls the moving contact of power-on switch 23 to make the closed energising of power-on switch 23 by rotating disk 39 and rotating disk 27.Above-mentioned descending lifeline 7 is arranged on the roofing layer 38 of described building, above-mentioned descending lifeline 7 comprises case lid 10, casing 6, case lid 10 can rotate folding around the rotating shaft 15 being arranged on casing 6, casing 6 is fixedly installed metal ring track 9(by supporting construction 11 can use aluminium alloy), be close to metal ring track 9 and be provided with magnet 5 and magnet 8, magnet 5 and magnet 8 are fixed in supporting construction 20, supporting construction 20 is fixed in rotating shaft 1, rotating shaft 1 is rotatable, in rotating shaft 1, be provided with the slow rope 3 that falls of a volume, slow rope 3 pulling units that fall are divided into the slow rope 2 that falls, on above-mentioned case lid 10, be provided with rotating disk 13 and rotating disk 17, case lid 10 surfaces are provided with rotating shaft 18 and supporting plate 19, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls extends the outside of casing 6 and coiled rotating disk 13 and coils in rotating shaft 18 again and become the slow rope 16 that falls of a volume from casing 6.In casing 6, be provided with motor 21, the turning cylinder 22 of motor 21 can drive rotating shaft 15 to rotate by chain band 35, the control circuit of motor 21 is by electric wire 25, electric wire 26 is connected with power-on switch 23, power-on switch 23 is normally open when normal, the moving contact of power-on switch 23 or movable disconnecting link are connected with control stay cord 28, controlling stay cord 28 changes direction by rotating disk 27 and rotating disk 39 extend to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate 32 of the exterior wall 30 of described building and built-in pipe 33, in the exterior wall 30 of intermediate floor, be provided with switch box body 37, switch box body 37 is provided with openable lid 36.Such scheme also has following characteristics and advantage: the slow rope 16 that falls that falls to extending along exterior wall 30 has a segment distance apart from the surface of exterior wall 30, and this surface that can guarantee that escape personnel can not collide exterior wall 30 in landing process comes to harm and can slow down user's the feared state of mind.

As shown in Figure 3, Fig. 3 is the generalized section of the application the second embodiment, on the roofing layer 85 of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 86 and rope releasing device, the slow rope 57 that falls of one volume of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls changes direction by rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 and extends into the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume, the intermediate floor of described building or the outer correct position of building can tricing line rope releasing device delay an above-mentioned rolling to fall rope 65 and release from top to bottom along the outside of exterior wall 73, above-mentioned discharge from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 outsides slow fall rope 65 can draw pull slow in descending lifeline 86 to fall safety speed that rope 57 declines with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 86 from the rotating shaft 56 of descending lifeline 86 or on rotating disk, pull is out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is in the time of surperficial rapid movement at metal ring track 51 of magnet 55 and magnet 53, metal ring track 51 is interior can produce the eddy current that stops magnet 55 and magnet 53 to move, eddy current can make the magnet 55 of motion and magnet 53 be decelerated to very soon the decrease speed of safety and stability, generally in 1.3 meters per second, the final stabilized speed of magnet 55 and magnet 53 can be carried out the kind of magnet 55 and magnet 53 and big or small selection by being connected to the slow number of rope 65 and everyone weight and the safety speed of requirement of falling, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 65 that falls is same slow ropes that fall, we can be provided with male member every a segment distance and be welded with steel ring as colligation slow fall on rope 65, above-mentioned male member with grab rope device while being combined, male member can support to catch on grabs rope device.

Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.

The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 61.

The executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 68 being connected with motor 61, be arranged on the rotating disk 60 on housing 59, rotating disk 63, the slow delivery board 330 that falls rope 65 is used for veering away, hold the slow openable supporting plate 76 that falls rope 65 with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board 330, above-mentioned delivery board 330 and supporting plate 76 are arranged on a support plate, support plate is connected with gear track 67, above-mentioned delivery board 330 is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft of rotatable gear 66, rotatable gear 66 is arranged between gear track 67 and flanging 87, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear 66 and gear track 67, above-mentioned motor 61 is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band 68 and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor 61 can drive rotatable gear 66 to rotate by chain band 68, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall 73 on gear track 67, in the time that supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall 73, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate, due to the effect of gravity, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and decline, the position of rotary drum 62 is for guaranteeing that the slow rope 65 that falls can not be subject to the obstruction of motor 61 and rotatable gear 66 and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 while changing direction of falling.

Above-mentioned control system comprise be arranged on the control circuit of sides in or beyond motor 61, the power-on switch 88 being connected with the control circuit of motor 61, with the control stay cord 80 that the movable piece of power-on switch 88 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 80 and be arranged on the built-in pipe from top to bottom 81 in exterior wall 73.Above-mentioned control stay cord 80 changes in the switch box body 83 that direction extends to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate space 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81 and the switch box body of other intermediate floor by rotating disk 79.

In the exterior wall 73 of building as shown in Figure 3, be provided with switch box body 83, in above-mentioned switch box body 83, be provided with and extend the control stay cord 80 putting in place, above-mentioned control stay cord 80 is connected in power-on switch 88, user can be from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 83 stay cord 80 in the floor of described building, controlling stay cord 80 pulls the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact to make the closed energising of power-on switch 88 by rotating disk 79, certainly also can make with controlling power switch circuit of action launching of stay cord 80 above-mentioned control circuit energising and allow motor move by the program of setting, also has design: at the interior on-off circuit that arranges of above-mentioned built-in pipe 81, the switch of on-off circuit is arranged in switch box body 81, when pressing above-mentioned switch, user just can make control circuit energising allow motor follow procedure move.

Above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 is arranged on the roofing layer 85 of described building, descending lifeline 86 comprises housing 59, housing 59 is fixedly installed metal ring track 51(by supporting construction 50 can use aluminium alloy), be close to metal ring rail 51 and be provided with magnet 55 and magnet 53, magnet 55 and magnet 53 are fixed in supporting construction 52, supporting construction 52 is fixed in rotating shaft 56, rotating shaft 56 is rotatable, in rotating shaft 56, be provided with the slow rope 57 that falls of a volume, slow rope 57 pulling units that fall are divided into the slow rope 58 that falls, on above-mentioned housing 59, be provided with rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls extends and coiled rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 from rotating shaft 56 and coils and become the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume.The control circuit of above-mentioned motor 61 is by electric wire 70, electric wire 77 is connected with power-on switch 88, power-on switch 88 is normally open when normal, the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact are connected with control stay cord 80, controlling stay cord 80 changes direction by rotating disk 79 extend to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81, in the exterior wall 73 of intermediate floor, be provided with switch box body 83, switch box body 83 is provided with openable lid 82, in the time that breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need to leave building in time, user can open the lid and 82 make the closed energising of power-on switch 88 from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 83 stay cord 80, above-mentioned motor 61 just can follow procedure action stop the slow delivery board that falls rope 65 of placement under the control of control circuit after the outer operation certain distance of exterior wall 73.

As shown in Figure 4, Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the application the second embodiment, on the roofing layer 85 of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 86 and rope releasing device, the slow rope 57 that falls of one volume of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls extends into the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume by rotating disk, the intermediate floor of described building or the outer correct position of building can tricing line rope releasing device will above-mentioned one roll to delay and fall rope 65 and release from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 outsides, above-mentioned discharge from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 sides slow fall rope 65 can draw pull slow in descending lifeline 86 to fall safety speed that rope 57 declines with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 86 from the rotating shaft of descending lifeline 86 or on rotating disk, pull is out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is to adopt aluminium manufacture when the magnet of magnet 55 and below at metal ring track 51() surperficial rapid movement time, the interior eddy current that can produce the magnet movement that stops magnet 55 and below of metal ring track 51, eddy current can make the magnet 55 of motion and the magnet of below be decelerated to very soon the decrease speed of safety and stability, generally in 1.3 meters per second, concrete principle can be referring to Lenz's law.

Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.

The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 61.

The executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 68 being connected with motor 61, be arranged on the rotating disk on housing 59, the slow delivery board 330 that falls rope 65 is used for veering away, hold the slow openable supporting plate 76 that falls rope 65 with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board 330, above-mentioned delivery board 330 and supporting plate 76 are arranged on a support plate 89, support plate 89 is connected with gear track 67, above-mentioned delivery board 330 is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft of rotatable gear 66, rotatable gear 66 is arranged between gear track 67 and flanging, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear 66 and gear track 67, above-mentioned motor 61 is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band 68 and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor 61 can drive rotatable gear 66 to rotate by chain band 68, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall 73 on gear track 67, in the time that supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall 73, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate 89, due to the effect of gravity, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and decline, the position of rotary drum 62 guarantees slow obstruction of falling rope 65 and can avoid motor 61 and rotatable gear 66 objects such as grade, and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 while changing direction of falling, extend slow service life of falling rope 65.

As shown in Figure 5, Fig. 5 is that the application the second embodiment delays the generalized section while falling rope whereabouts, its structure explanation, with basic identical described in above-mentioned Fig. 1, is only briefly described below as shown in Figure 5, and rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor, above-mentioned motor is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor can drive rotatable gear 66 to rotate by chain band, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall on gear track 67, in the time that supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall, due to the effect of gravity, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and decline, the position of rotary drum 62 guarantees that the slow rope 65 that falls can not be subject to the obstruction of motor and rotatable gear 66 and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 while changing direction of falling.

Above-mentioned control system comprise be arranged on the control circuit of side in or beyond motor, the power-on switch 88 being connected with the control circuit of motor, with the control stay cord 80 that the movable piece of power-on switch 88 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 80 and be arranged on outward built-in pipe from top to bottom 81 within the walls.Above-mentioned control stay cord 80 changes in the switch box body that direction extends to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate space of the exterior wall of described building and built-in pipe 81 and in the switch box body of other intermediate floor by rotating disk.

The control circuit of above-mentioned motor is by electric wire 70, electric wire 77 is connected with power-on switch 88, power-on switch 88 is normally open when normal, the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or movable contact are connected with control stay cord 80, controlling stay cord 80 changes direction by rotating disk 79 extend to from top to bottom intermediate floor in the perforate of the exterior wall of described building and built-in pipe 81, the outer switch box body that is provided with within the walls of intermediate floor, switch box body is provided with openable lid 82, in the time that breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need to leave building in time, user can open the lid and 82 make the closed energising of power-on switch 88 from the interior pull-out control of above-mentioned switch box body 83 stay cord 80, above-mentioned motor can follow procedure action stop the slow delivery board 89 that falls rope 65 of placement under the control of control circuit after exterior wall outward transport row certain distance, such scheme also has following characteristics and advantage: the slow rope 65 that falls that falls to extending along exterior wall has a segment distance apart from wall face, this can guarantee that escape personnel can not collide wall face in landing process.

As shown in Figure 6, Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of the delivery board of the application the second embodiment while moving to outside exterior wall, delivery board 330 can be in the time that the effect of motor 61 be moved to the outside of exterior wall supporting plate 76 left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate 89, due to the effect of gravity, supporting plate 76 can be opened downwards, the slow rope 65 that falls just can be with the opening and fall to each intermediate floor of described building of supporting plate 76.

As shown in Figure 7, Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of grabbing rope device, in the time that rope device 116 is grabbed in use, user has dressed safety belt and safety belt is connected and grabbed on the shell 139 of rope device 116, fall rope 118 and put into the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116 slow, the slow rope 118 that falls is through the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116, grab rope device 116 and comprise movable slider 128, movable slider 131, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129, above-mentioned fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is fixed on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 is movably arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 can enter and insert fixing slide block 127, the slow rope 118 that falls of the fixing interior clamping of slide block 129, on movable slider 128, be provided with the cylindric protruding thing 119 and the cylindric protruding thing 120 that are parallel to inclined-plane 137, on movable slider 131, be provided with the cylindric protruding thing 121 and the cylindric protruding thing 122 that are parallel to inclined-plane 138, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 119 and cylindric protruding thing 120 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 121 and cylindric protruding thing 122 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, grooved tracks is arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, fixing slide block 127 is provided with the slip plane 136 that is parallel to inclined-plane 137, fixing slide block 129 is provided with the slip plane 135 that is parallel to inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128, on the bottom surface of movable slider 131, be provided with Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 promote movable slider 128 while upspringing, movable slider 131 enters in fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129, in the process advancing, because inserting, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 119 and cylindric protruding thing 120 be parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 121 and cylindric protruding thing 122 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128 under the constraint of above-mentioned grooved tracks, movable slider 131 is very successfully advanced into fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, and at fixing slide block 127 to movable slider 128, when exerting pressure to movable slider 131, clamps fixing slide block 129 the slow rope 118 that falls, after user has dressed safety belt and has connected on the shell 139 of grabbing rope device 116, in the time that user is landed downwards by the window of exterior wall, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are promoted movable slider 128, movable slider 131 enters in fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129, and because user's gravity and the downward motion of user make slowly to fall rope 118 and produce pulling force upwards and drive movable slider 128 under the effect of frictional force, movable slider 131 more in depth enters fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, enter fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is darker, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 by slip plane 136 and slip plane 135 to movable slider 128, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and gravity factor, under the self-locking action that the factor moving downward produces, being fastened on the user who grabs on rope device 116 is just fixed on and slow fall safety on rope 118 and decline and can not fall.Also have, we can be at movable slider 128, on movable slider 131, be connected with stay cord upwards, stay cord upwards can be movable slider 128 under External Force Acting upwards, movable slider 131 draws in fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, above-mentioned stay cord upwards extends to outside the shell 139 of grabbing rope device 116 use is provided, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can start by mechanical device, for example can adopt Compress Spring 125, Compress Spring 126 is upspring or motor action or the above-mentioned movable slider 128 of hydraulic stem action promotion, movable slider 131 enters above-mentioned fixing slide block 127, fix in slide block 129 and clamp the slow rope 118 that falls.As shown in Figure 7, described movable slider 128, movable slider 131 are near the shape undulate shape that delays the one side of falling rope 118, movable slider 128 has wavy surface 130, movable slider 131 has wavy surface 123, wavy surface 130 and wavy surface 123 coincide, and certain above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can be designed to flat shape near slow one side of falling rope 118.

As shown in Figure 8, Fig. 8 grabs the fastening cross-sectional schematic of delaying while falling rope of rope device, movable slider 128, the compressed spring 125 of movable slider 131 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are advanced in fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129, and at fixing slide block 129 to movable slider 131, when exerting pressure to movable slider 128, clamps fixing slide block 127 the slow rope 118 that falls, now user's gravity and the factor that moves downward make slowly to fall rope 118 and produce pulling force upwards and under the effect of frictional force, drive movable slider 128, movable slider 131 more deeply enters fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, enter fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is darker, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is to movable slider 128, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and self-locking action that gravity factor produces under grab rope device 116 and be just fixed on slow falling on rope 118, being fastened on the user who grabs on rope device 116 is just fixed on slow fall on rope 118 and can not falls.

As shown in Figure 9, Fig. 9 is the oblique view of grabbing rope device, in the time that rope device 116 is grabbed in use, user has dressed safety belt and safety belt is connected and grabbed on the shell 139 of rope device 116, opening 115 by shell 139 falls rope 118 and puts into the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116 slow, the slow rope 118 that falls is through the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116, grab rope device 116 and comprise movable slider 128, movable slider 131, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129, above-mentioned fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is fixed on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 is slidably arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, the slow rope 118 that falls is put into while grabbing rope device 116 and fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129 must be arranged on to top, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 can enter and insert fixing slide block 127, the slow rope 118 that falls of the fixing interior clamping of slide block 129, on movable slider 128, be provided with two cylindric protruding things that are parallel to inclined-plane 137, on movable slider 131, be provided with two cylindric protruding things that are parallel to inclined-plane 138, above-mentioned two cylindric protruding things insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned two cylindric protruding things insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, grooved tracks is arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, fixing slide block 127 is provided with the slip plane 136 that is parallel to inclined-plane 137, fixing slide block 129 is provided with the slip plane 135 that is parallel to inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128, on the bottom surface of movable slider 131, be provided with Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 promote two movable sliders and enter in fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129 while upspringing, in the process advancing, because inserting, two on above-mentioned movable slider 128 cylindric protruding things are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, two cylindric protruding things on above-mentioned movable slider 131 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128 under the constraint of above-mentioned two grooved tracks, movable slider 131 is very successfully advanced into fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, and at fixing slide block 127 to movable slider 128, when exerting pressure to movable slider 131, clamps fixing slide block 129 the slow rope 118 that falls, user has dressed safety belt and has connected and allowed Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 upspring after grabbing on the shell 139 of rope device 116 movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 are slided in above-mentioned fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129 simultaneously, in the time that user is landed downwards by the window of exterior wall, user's gravity and downward motion make slow fall rope 118 and produce pulling force upwards and under the effect of frictional force, drive movable slider 128, movable slider 131 more in depth enters fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, enter fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is darker, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 by slip plane 136 and slip plane 135 to movable slider 128, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and gravity factor, under the self-locking action that the factor moving downward produces, being fastened on the user who grabs on rope device 116 is just fixed on slow fall on rope 118 and can not falls.Also have, we can be at movable slider 128, on movable slider 131, be connected with stay cord upwards, stay cord upwards can be movable slider 128 under External Force Acting upwards, movable slider 131 draws in fixing slide block, above-mentioned stay cord upwards extends to the shell of grabbing rope device 116 use is provided outward, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can start by mechanical device, for example adopt and make Compress Spring 125, Compress Spring 126 is upspring or motor action or the above-mentioned movable slider 128 of hydraulic stem action promotion, movable slider 131 enters above-mentioned fixing slide block 127, fix in slide block 129 and clamp the slow rope 118 that falls.Movable slider 128, movable slider 131 are plane near slow one side of falling rope 118 as shown in Figure 9, certainly as shown in Figure 7, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can be designed to wave-like to increase and slow frictional force of falling rope 118 near slow one side of falling rope 118.

As shown in figure 10, Figure 10 grabs the fastening oblique view delaying while falling rope of rope device, movable slider 128, the compressed spring 125 of movable slider 131 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are advanced in fixing slide block 127 and fixing slide block 129, and at fixing slide block 129 to movable slider 131, when exerting pressure to movable slider 128, clamps fixing slide block 127 the slow rope 118 that falls, now user's gravity and the factor that moves downward make slowly to fall rope 118 and produce pulling force upwards and under the effect of frictional force, drive movable slider 128, movable slider 131 more deeply enters fixing slide block 127, in fixing slide block 129, enter fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is darker, fixing slide block 127, fixing slide block 129 is to movable slider 128, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and self-locking action that gravity factor produces under grab rope device 116 and be just fixed on slow falling on rope 118, being fastened on the user who grabs on rope device 116 is just fixed on slow fall on rope 118 and can not falls.

As shown in figure 11, Figure 11 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the 3rd embodiment, on the roofing layer 177 of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 150 and rope releasing device, in descending lifeline 150, be provided with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume, the slow rope 152 that falls in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 can be drawn out with the safety speed of 1.5 meters per second from the opening of descending lifeline 150 through the effect of descending lifeline 150 interior reducing gears, the slow rope 152 that falls in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extends one section of slow rope 160 that falls is set from the outward opening of descending lifeline 150, the slow length of falling rope 160 of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extensions is not less than building roof height dish and rolls up and slow fall rope 167 and be arranged on the supporting plate 172 of rope releasing device.Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and driving mechanism adopts user's pulling stay cord 176.Control system comprises that the exterior wall 159 of described building interior (or in beam or in post) is provided with the stay cord 176, the push rod 173 that in the built-in pipe 179 of vertical perforation, built-in pipe 179, are provided with.Executing agency comprises supporting plate 172, push rod 171.Above-mentioned stay cord 176 one end are connected in the push rod 173 for supporting splint 172 under supporting plate 172, push rod 173 can rotate around a rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord 176 extends and extends to from the top down along the built-in pipe 179 in exterior wall 159 in a switch box body of intermediate floor from the push rod 173 of control system, above-mentioned stay cord 176 can control and the leave behind push rod 173 of rope releasing device, the supporting plate 172 that loses supporting rotates and leans against on skewback or swash plate 170 around rotating shaft 168, the push rod 171 being simultaneously connected on supporting plate 172 backs down the case lid 175 being arranged on casing 166, at this moment above-mentioned supporting plate 172 leans against on the inclined-plane 169 of skewback 170, slow fall rope 167 and just slide and hang and release from top to bottom along the outside of exterior wall 159.

As shown in figure 11, descending lifeline 150 is arranged on roofing 177, slow fall rope 152 and stretch out in descending lifeline 150, descending lifeline 150 comprises metal ring track 163, be close to metal ring track 163 and be provided with magnet 161 and magnet 165, magnet 161 and magnet 165 are fixed in supporting construction 158, supporting construction 158 is fixed in rotating shaft 156, rotating shaft 156 can be rotated on bearing 155 and bearing 157, in rotating shaft 156, be connected with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume, slow part of falling rope 152 extension pull-out descending lifelines 150 is the slow rope 160 that falls, when use, user clamps above-mentioned sagging put in place slow by rope tightening device and falls rope 167 and decline, user is just fastened on and slow fallen on rope 167 and pull the slow rope 167 that falls to pull simultaneously and slowly fall rope 160 from the interior extraction of descending lifeline 150 in decline process by rope tightening device, above-mentionedly slow fall rope 160 and drive rotating shaft 156 to rotate on bearing 155 and bearing 157, rotating shaft 156 drives magnet 161 and the magnet 165 in supporting construction 158 to rotate on metal ring track 163, due to magnet 161 and magnet 165 in rotation process at the interior generation of metal ring track 163 magnetic field eddy current, magnetic field eddy current hinders the rapid movement of magnet 161 and magnet 165, can make the magnet 161 of quick rotation and the speed of magnet 165 quickly fall to safety speed, user just can pull slow rope 160 safety under the effect of descending lifeline 150 of falling to decline by the slow rope 167 that falls like this, another supporting construction 151 is connected with metal ring track 163 and metal ring track 163 plays a supportive role, supporting construction 151 is arranged in casing 178.For strengthening the effect of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150, above-mentioned magnet 161 and magnet 165 can adopt Haier's Bake array, and this is a kind of magnet structure, are the approximate ideal structures in engineering, and target is to produce the strongest magnetic field with minimum magnet.

As shown in figure 12, Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of the application the 3rd embodiment, on the roofing layer of described building, be provided with descending lifeline 150, in descending lifeline 150, be provided with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume, the slow rope 152 that falls in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 can be drawn out with the safety speed of 1.5 meters per second from the opening of descending lifeline 150 through the effect of descending lifeline 150 interior reducing gears, the slow rope 152 that falls in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extends one section of slow rope 160 that falls is set from the outward opening of descending lifeline 150, the slow length of falling rope 160 of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extensions is not less than building roof height dish and rolls up and slow fall rope 167 and be arranged on the supporting plate 172 of rope releasing device, in the exterior wall 159 of described building, (or in beam or in post) is provided with the built-in pipe of vertical perforation, in built-in pipe, be provided with stay cord, above-mentioned stay cord one end is connected in the top thick stick for supporting splint 172 under supporting plate 172, push rod can rotate around a rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord from the push rod for supporting splint of rope releasing device extend and along outside built-in pipe within the walls extend to from the top down intermediate floor, when use, the user of intermediate floor can pull above-mentioned stay cord and the push rod for supporting splint of the rope releasing device of leaving behind, supporting plate 172 rotates and leans against around rotating shaft 168 on the skewback or swash plate of below, the push rod 171 being simultaneously connected on supporting plate 172 backs down the case lid 175 being arranged on casing, at this moment above-mentionedly slow fall rope 167 and slide and hang and release from top to bottom along exterior wall side along the bevel direction of below skewback.

As shown in figure 12, descending lifeline 150 is arranged on roofing, slow fall rope 152 and stretch out in descending lifeline 150, descending lifeline 150 comprises metal ring track 163, be close to metal ring track 163 and be provided with magnet 161, magnet 161 is fixed in supporting construction 158, supporting construction 158 is fixed in rotating shaft 156, rotating shaft 156 can be rotated on bearing, in rotating shaft 156, be connected with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume, slow part of falling rope 152 extension pull-out descending lifelines 150 is the slow rope 160 that falls, when use, user clamps above-mentioned sagging put in place slow by rope tightening device and falls rope 167 and decline, user is just fastened on and slow fallen on rope 167 and pull the slow rope 167 that falls to pull simultaneously and slowly fall rope 160 from the interior extraction of descending lifeline 150 in decline process by euphroe, above-mentionedly slow fall rope 160 and drive rotating shaft 156 to rotate, rotating shaft 156 drives the magnet 161 in supporting construction 158 to rotate on metal ring track 163, due to magnet 161 in rotation process at the interior generation of metal ring track 163 magnetic field eddy current, magnetic field eddy current hinders magnet 161 rapid movements, can make the speed of the magnet 161 of quick rotation quickly fall to safety speed, user just can pull slow rope 160 safety under the effect of descending lifeline 150 of falling to decline by the slow rope 167 that falls like this, another supporting construction 151 is connected with circular orbit 163 and circular orbit 163 is played a supportive role.

Claims (10)

1. the escape system of a building, it is characterized in that: the escape system of described building comprises rope releasing device, coil the slow rope that falls rolling or folding bunchy, the roofing layer of described building or intermediate floor are provided with above-mentioned rope releasing device and the coiling slow rope that falls rolling or folding bunchy, be provided with the floor of above-mentioned rope releasing device or be provided with rope releasing device floor below floor be provided with rope releasing device floor above floor or described building outside suitable position can by with the control stay cord of above-mentioned rope releasing device or the above-mentioned rope releasing device of gauge tap control above-mentioned coiling rolling or folding bunchy slow fall under outside that rope moves to the exterior wall of described building hangs, above-mentioned coiling rolling or folding bunchy slow fall rope be from descending lifeline extend and coil or be folded to form or above-mentioned coiling rolling slow fall that rope is slow falls rope extension coiling or be folded to form from being fixedly connected with fixture.
2. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fixture be arranged on the floor of the below that is provided with the floor of rope releasing device or is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device top floor or be arranged on the outer suitable position of described building, be above-mentionedly fixedly connected with the rear extended slow rope that falls with fixture and extend and form a volume or rope falls in a branch of delaying to the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device.
3. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described descending lifeline be arranged on the floor of the below that is provided with the floor of rope releasing device or is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device top floor or be arranged on the outer suitable position of described building, above-mentioned descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device or drawing and pulling type descending lifeline or chain-belt type descending lifeline, and the slow rope that falls of above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall and is provided with the floor of rope releasing device and coils or be folded into two volumes or the slow rope that falls of two bundles described in extending to;
Above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall, above-mentioned two slow ends that fall rope are fixedly connected with and form the slow rope that falls of a circulation, and above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and be provided with the floor of rope releasing device and coil or be folded into a volume or a branch of slow rope that falls described in extending to.
4. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterized in that: described slow falling rope is arranged on the floor that is provided with rope releasing device described in extending in built-in pipe, and built-in pipe can be arranged on the outside of wall in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in or beyond vertical duct.
5. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described in the floor or the outer suitable position of described building that are provided with the floor of the floor of rope releasing device or described rope releasing device below or are provided with the top of the floor of rope releasing device be provided with the gauge tap of controlling stay cord or being connected with circuit, above-mentioned control stay cord or gauge tap can veer away described that coil or the folding slow rope that falls get off along exterior wall side by tricing line rope releasing device from top to bottom.
6. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: the arranged outside of wall has built-in pipe in the body of wall of described building or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in or beyond vertical duct, above-mentioned built-in pipe extends setting downward or upward from described roofing layer or the intermediate floor that is provided with rope releasing device, above-mentioned built-in pipe is connected with switch box body at floor place, built-in pipe blocks at above-mentioned switch box body place, in above-mentioned built-in pipe, be provided with and control stay cord or circuit, above-mentioned control stay cord or circuit extend up or down with above-mentioned rope releasing device and are connected from above-mentioned switch box body.
7. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, described in above-mentioned executing agency is arranged on, be provided with on the floor of rope releasing device, above-mentioned control system adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned control system comprises the control stay cord that is arranged on the control circuit of side in or beyond motor, the power-on switch being connected with the control circuit of motor, is connected with the movable piece of power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm, hold and control stay cord and be arranged on outer built-in pipe within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord extends in the switch box body of floor of described building after being arranged on the interior movable piece from above-mentioned power-on switch of above-mentioned built-in pipe or moving contact or brace or the connection of button control arm;
Above-mentioned control system comprises the control stay cord, built-in pipe, the switch box body that are connected with executing agency, outside above-mentioned built-in pipe is embedded in, within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord changes direction by rotating disk and extends downward in the switch box body of floor of described building from above-mentioned executing agency in above-mentioned built-in pipe;
Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged on the control circuit of side in or beyond motor, the power-on switch being connected with the control circuit of motor, power-on switch is arranged in the switch box body at floor place or above-mentioned executing agency residing floor place of above-mentioned executing agency below, between power-on switch and executing agency, be connected with circuit, circuit is arranged in outer built-in pipe within the walls.
8. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and above-mentioned executing agency adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the case lid, the rotating shaft that are connected with motor, be arranged on rotating disk on case lid, be used for reeling and slowly fall the rotating shaft of rope or be used for holding the slow supporting plate that falls rope, above-mentioned motor can under the control of control system, drive above-mentioned case lid around rotating shaft turn to the exterior wall outside of described building and discharge described in coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts manipulator, manipulator under the control of control system, can grab that coil described in picking up or folding slow fall rope and move to exterior wall outside discharge above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the rotatable gear that is connected with motor, be used for veering away slow the delivery board of rope falls, hold with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board described in the slow openable supporting plate that falls rope that coil or folding, above-mentioned delivery board is connected on the connecting shaft of rotatable gear, rotatable gear is arranged on gear track, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear and gear track, above-mentioned motor is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board and by chain band and is connected with rotatable gear;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises that coil described in placement or folding slow supporting plate, the push rod that falls rope, and above-mentioned push rod supports above-mentioned supporting plate, and push rod rotatably allows the supporting plate that loses support rotate around a rotating shaft downwards;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts tape loop, and tape loop is enclosed within the periphery of drive roll and driven cylinder, and above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor, and motor can drive above-mentioned drive roll to roll and drive tape loop cycle rotation.
9. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described descending lifeline concrete structure adopts one of following manner:
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, connecting reels is provided with the slow rope that falls of a volume, and above-mentioned slow one end that falls rope extends out and forms described coil or the folding slow rope that falls from described descending lifeline;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, be fixedly installed rotating disk, be wound with the slow rope that falls of a circulation on rotating disk, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and come and form the slow rope that falls of a volume;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed in supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, in rotating shaft, be fixedly installed gear turntable, on the gear of gear turntable, cover has the slow rope that falls of a circulation, the wheel chain band that rope is circulation falls in above-mentioned circulation slow, and the wheel chain band of above-mentioned circulation extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and comes and form a volume to delay and fall rope.
10. the escape system of building as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the slow rope that falls of two volumes that the rope releasing device of the roofing layer of described building or refuge story or intermediate floor can extend out descending lifeline or fixture or multireel is discharged into by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row.
CN201210448846.2A 2012-11-10 2012-11-10 Escaping system of building CN103801018A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104906703A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 吴超然 Building with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104906700A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 吴超然 Rope unwinding device with rescue function
CN104906710A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 黄维 Building with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104906705A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 吴超然 Building
CN104906729A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 黄维 Building
CN104906706A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 黄维 Rope unwinding device with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104906707A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-16 黄维 Rope unwinding device with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104922817A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-23 黄维 Building with fire-fighting and rescue functions
CN104922807A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-23 黄维 Fire extinguishment and rescue system of building
CN104922818A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-09-23 吴超然 Rope releasing equipment with fire-fighting and rescue function
CN104998355A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-10-28 黄维 Rope paying-off device with fire extinguishing and rescuing function
CN105031838A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-11-11 黄维 Rope unwinding device with fire extinguishing rescuing function
CN105056411A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-11-18 吴超然 Building having extinguishment rescue function
CN105056413A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-11-18 黄维 Building having extinguishment rescue function
CN105056414A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-11-18 吴超然 System with fire fighting and rescue functions
CN105056412A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-11-18 吴超然 Building having extinguishment rescue function
CN105214229A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-01-06 黄维 A kind of building with fire fighting and rescue system
CN105288881A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-02-03 吴超然 Rope pay-off equipment with fire-fighting and rescue functions
CN105288877A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-02-03 黄维 Building having firefighting rescue function
CN105311758A (en) * 2014-05-26 2016-02-10 黄维 Building with fire-fighting and rescue system

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