CN203001718U - Building - Google Patents

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Publication number
CN203001718U
CN203001718U CN2012205921841U CN201220592184U CN203001718U CN 203001718 U CN203001718 U CN 203001718U CN 2012205921841 U CN2012205921841 U CN 2012205921841U CN 201220592184 U CN201220592184 U CN 201220592184U CN 203001718 U CN203001718 U CN 203001718U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rope
mentioned
slow
falls
building
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012205921841U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴旭榕
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FUJIAN PROVINCE LIANJIANG COUNTY XUNJIE TECHNOLOGY INCUBATION Co Ltd
Original Assignee
FUJIAN PROVINCE LIANJIANG COUNTY XUNJIE TECHNOLOGY INCUBATION Co Ltd
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Application filed by FUJIAN PROVINCE LIANJIANG COUNTY XUNJIE TECHNOLOGY INCUBATION Co Ltd filed Critical FUJIAN PROVINCE LIANJIANG COUNTY XUNJIE TECHNOLOGY INCUBATION Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012205921841U priority Critical patent/CN203001718U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203001718U publication Critical patent/CN203001718U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a building. A descent control device is arranged inside or outside the building, and a descent control rope which stretches out of the descent control device extends above the building, then downwards extends, and is arranged beside a window below the building or a balcony or an external opening of an outer wall to provide use, or the descent control rope which stretches out of the descent control device extends above the building, and then is controlled to suspend to beside the window below the building or the balcony or the external opening of the outer wall to provide use along the outer side of the outer wall of the building.

Description

A kind of building
Technical field
The application belongs to a kind of building.
Background technology
The second in the world high tower, the Russian Ao Sitanjinnuo television tower fire of 540 meters high, cause the program of each large TV station of Russia all to be broken, the communication disruption of all paging centers of Moscow and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Moscow first-aid system, 4 people are trapped in elevator dead, and many people are injured, TV Tower Structures is seriously damaged, make a stir all over the world, the fire of high-rise building is all drawing people's sight line always, but the integrity problem of Fire lift is more worth thinking deeply about when fire.The act arm truck that also has existing fire-extinguishing and lifesaving to adopt, generally can implement 53 meters high fire attacks and rescue the people, namely be about as much as the height of 15 layers, in case 15th floors above high-rise breaking out of fires, put out a fire upstairs except carrying the water band on foot, in the time of more, firefighters can only hope " fire " to heave a sigh, and let alone rescues the people upstairs.The limit of having ascended a height of fire control aerial ladder vehicle, usually fire control aerial ladder vehicle can only rise to 80% left and right of limit value, if surface wind reaches 4 to 5 grades, the fire control aerial ladder vehicle operation that just can't raise.Such high-rise building more than 50 meters is in a single day on fire or have personnel stranded, aerial ladder just is difficult to play a role, the ordinary circumstance trapped personnel can only self-dependent ability be escaped, and the fire fighting device of part high-rise building is incomplete, Door for fire hydrant exists by the resident and the various phenomenons such as blocks with foreign material, brings resistance for especially the fire fighting escape.In a word, traditional high-rise life saving, elevator is forbidden and is dangerous, walking stair exists by the danger of the intensity of a fire and dense smoke blocking-up, it is again dangerous, stable adopting in addition various descending lifelines, the lifesaving appliance of self-help escape, also there is obstacle at heart in use, all causes the family or the user that buy descending lifeline or escape apparatus few because various factors comprises the safety issue of descending lifeline, the storage problem of descending lifeline, the repair and maintenance problem of descending lifeline, the indoor aesthetic problem of hook impact of descending lifeline still more.prepared descending lifeline as the user, but when breaking out of fire is used, still have problems, the user needs to install within very short time and fixes descending lifeline, this brings inconvenience to use and easily makes mistakes, when special problem is breaking out of fire, we often are fixed on descending lifeline by the other or balcony of window, at this moment downstairs fire fighting truck can be concentrated facing to window or balcony sprinkling fire, and most of descending lifelines or escape apparatus are the most water funk infiltrations of friction-type, this can reduce friction and cause the inefficacy of descending lifeline or escape apparatus, when also having breaking out of fire flame usually outside window or the balcony extension spread, the high temperature of flame can make descending lifeline or escape apparatus lose efficacy equally.Along with the increase of building height and day by day intensive, the potential safety hazard of building is also more and more, under the critical situation such as breaking out of fire, the effective escape means of people are considerably less, and the means of fire-extinguishing and lifesaving and lifesaving are highly restricted, nowadays the effective ways of researching and developing the high-rise building life saving escape become urgent problems, and we are badly in need of effective fire in high buildings rescue run means.
Summary of the invention
The application's purpose is to provide a kind of building with passage of building escape, when breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need in time leave building, described building can provide a kind of passage, allows the people flee from ground or security platform or other floor from high building safely in time.
For achieving the above object, the application adopts following technical scheme:
a kind of building, in described building or arranged outside building be equipped with descending lifeline, the extended slow rope that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline extends to the backward downward-extension in described building top and other the providing of the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of described building below is provided uses or the extended slow rope that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline extends to behind described building top that the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external that can be controlled the described building below of hanging along the outside of the exterior wall of described building is other provides use, the safety belt that the user dresses is connected to described slow falling on rope by grabbing rope device, the described rope device of grabbing adopts one of following scheme: the above-mentioned rope device of grabbing comprises movable slider, fixing slide block, above-mentioned fixedly slide block is fixed on the housing of grabbing rope device, movable slider is movably arranged on the housing of grabbing rope device, described safety belt is connected with above-mentioned housing of grabbing rope device, the described slow hole that rope can be put into above-mentioned movable slider side that falls, above-mentioned movable slider can enter to insert fixedly and clamp the slow rope that falls in slide block, movable slider is provided with parallel inclined-plane with fixing slide block, in above-mentioned movable slider can slip into fixedly slide block along above-mentioned inclined-plane, clamped the above-mentioned slow rope that falls when fixedly slide block is exerted pressure to movable slider by the inclined-plane, the above-mentioned rope device of grabbing is an openable snap ring, describedly slow fall rope and be provided with male member every a segment distance, the inside diameter of above-mentioned snap ring is less than the outer dia of above-mentioned male member, the safety belt that the user dresses is connected with above-mentioned snap ring, snap ring can open and be inserted in above-mentioned slow rope falls and after closure fix snap ring, the above-mentioned slow male member that falls rope can block and support above-mentioned snap ring, the above-mentioned rope device of grabbing is lifting device or 8 word ring or the drop devices of rock-climbing use, above-mentioned grab rope device comprise one with outer straight flange or with the becket of wave-like, a rope sling, when the slow rope that falls hangs when putting in place, the user can be close together the outside of the outer straight flange of above-mentioned becket or wave-like and use above-mentioned rope sling to be wound around the 3 above knottings of circle and be connected with safety belt that the user dresses with the slow rope that falls, and the user just is fastened on above-mentioned delaying by above-mentioned rope sling and becket and falls on rope like this.The above-mentioned slow rope that falls is comprised of steel wire rope inner core and the outer sheath of compiling, and the slow rope that falls is brushed fireproof paint is arranged, and above-mentionedly slowly falls rope and also can adopt steel wire rope or nylon rope or cordage.
wherein, the extended slow rope that falls of described descending lifeline extends to the rear slow rope that falls of coiling or fold that forms in described building top, above-mentioned that coil or folding slow storey setting of falling the rope place has the rope releasing device, described that coil or folding slow storey setting of falling the rope below has the stay cord of control or gauge tap, controlling stay cord or gauge tap is connected with above-mentioned rope releasing device, but pulling above-mentioned control stay cord or pressing above-mentioned gauge tap tricing line rope releasing device allows above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls hang along the outside of exterior wall, above-mentioned that coil an or folding slow end that falls rope is extended out by descending lifeline.
wherein, in the body of wall of described building or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in vertical duct or the arranged outside of body of wall built-in pipe is arranged, above-mentioned built-in pipe is from the described floor of rope releasing device that is provided with to the downward-extension setting, above-mentioned built-in pipe is connected with the switch box body at the floor place, built-in pipe blocks at above-mentioned switch box body place, be provided with described control stay cord or gauge tap in above-mentioned switch box body, above-mentioned control stay cord or the circuit that is connected with gauge tap extend upward with described rope releasing device from above-mentioned switch box body and are connected, but above-mentioned control stay cord or the circuit that is connected with gauge tap are arranged on vertical extension again after horizontal-extending in built-in pipe, the trend of built-in pipe can change direction, change nyctitropic position at above-mentioned control stay cord and be provided with rotating disk or runner, control and change direction after stay cord is coiled on above-mentioned rotating disk or runner and can drive rotating disk or runner change direction, be provided with the connection box body at above-mentioned rotating disk or runner place, rotating disk or runner are arranged on and connect in box body, above-mentioned built-in pipe blocks and changes direction connecting the box body place, above-mentioned control stay cord can be at pre-buried in-pipe, adopt technique scheme, the floor of the described floor that is provided with the rope releasing device or described rope releasing device below or floor or the described building outer suitable position of top that is provided with the floor of rope releasing device all can be provided with the gauge tap of controlling stay cord or being connected with circuit, extension by above-mentioned control stay cord or the circuit that is connected with the gauge tap above-mentioned rope releasing device of controlled system that puts in place that coil or folding slowly fall the outside that rope moves to the exterior wall of described building and hangs above-mentioned, adopt technique scheme, the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device or be provided with the rope releasing device floor below floor be provided with the rope releasing device floor above floor or described building outside slow in the descending lifeline of suitable position rope falls or the slow rope that falls that is connected with fixture is arranged on can change direction and extend to the residing floor of described rope releasing device by rotating disk or runner in built-in pipe and forms described that coil or the folding slow rope that falls.
Wherein, described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and above-mentioned executing agency is arranged on the described floor that is provided with the rope releasing device, and above-mentioned control system adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged in motor or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch that is connected with the control circuit of motor, the control stay cord that is connected with the movable piece of power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm, hold and control stay cord and be arranged on outer built-in pipe within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord be arranged in above-mentioned built-in pipe from extend to described building after the movable piece of above-mentioned power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected below in the switch box body of floor;
Above-mentioned control system comprises control stay cord, built-in pipe, the switch box body that is connected with executing agency, above-mentioned built-in pipe be embedded in outer within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord changes direction by rotating disk and extends downward in the switch box body of floor below described building from above-mentioned executing agency in above-mentioned built-in pipe;
Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged in motor or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch that is connected with the control circuit of motor, power-on switch is arranged in the switch box body at floor place or the above-mentioned executing agency residing floor place below above-mentioned executing agency, be connected with circuit between power-on switch and motor or control circuit, circuit is arranged in outer built-in pipe within the walls.
Wherein, described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and above-mentioned executing agency adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the case lid, the rotating shaft that are connected with motor, be arranged on rotating disk on case lid, be used for reeling and slowly fall the rotating shaft of rope or be used for holding the slow supporting plate that falls rope, and said motor can drive above-mentioned case lid and turn to the exterior wall outside of described building and discharge described coil or the slow rope that falls that folds around rotating shaft under the control of control system;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts manipulator, manipulator can grab under the control of control system pick up described that coil or folding slow fall rope and move to the exterior wall outside discharge above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the rotatable gear that is connected with motor, the slow delivery board that falls rope that is used for veering away, be used for holding described that coil or the folding slow openable supporting plate that falls rope with delivery board is rotatably connected, above-mentioned delivery board is connected on the connecting shaft of rotatable gear, rotatable gear is arranged on gear track, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear and gear track, said motor are fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board and by the chain band and are connected with rotatable gear;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises places described that coil or folding slow supporting plate, the push rod that falls rope, and above-mentioned push rod supports above-mentioned supporting plate, and push rod rotatably allows the supporting plate that loses support rotate around a rotating shaft downwards;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts tape loop, and tape loop is enclosed within the periphery of drive roll and driven cylinder, and above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor, and motor can drive above-mentioned drive roll and rolls and drive the tape loop cycle rotation;
Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts one of following scheme: above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor-driven; Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts hydraulic-driven; Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts air pressure to drive; Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts Spring driving; Above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts manual drive.
wherein, described descending lifeline be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device the below floor be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device the top floor or be arranged on described building outer suitable position, the described slow rope that falls is arranged on and extends to the described floor that is provided with the rope releasing device in built-in pipe and form that coil or the folding slow rope that falls, built-in pipe can be arranged in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in vertical duct or the outside of body of wall, above-mentioned descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device or drawing and pulling type descending lifeline or chain-belt type descending lifeline, the slow rope that falls of above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall and extends to and describedly be provided with the floor of rope releasing device and coil into two volumes or be folded into the slow rope that falls of two bundles, when above-mentioned two volumes or the slow rope that falls of two bundles when hanging along the exterior wall outside, window or balcony or the exterior wall external opening of user by described building just can alternately connect to use and above-mentionedly hang and two of launching delay and fall ropes;
above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device extends two slow ropes that fall, above-mentioned two slow ends that fall rope are fixedly connected with and form the slow rope that falls of a circulation, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and extends to described floor and the dish that is provided with the rope releasing device and roll up or be folded into a branch of slow rope that falls, the circulation that extends out from above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device slow falls rope and is arranged on and extends to the described residing floor dish of rope releasing device that arranges in two built-in pipes or the larger built-in pipe of internal diameter and roll up or be folded into a branch of slow rope that falls, the slow rope that falls of above-mentioned circulation can be at pre-buried in-pipe, above-mentioned built-in pipe can be arranged in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in vertical duct or the outside of exterior wall, above-mentioned dish rolls up or the slow rope that falls that is folded into a branch of circulation hangs from the residing floor of above-mentioned executing agency and gets off to provide use, the user of the floor of above-mentioned executing agency below can be recycled or is used alternatingly the window dish that appears at building or two other slow ropes that fall of the opening that balcony is other or exterior wall is external, above-mentioned two slow ropes that fall are all that hang downwards two vertical components after extending of rope fall in circulation slow.
Wherein, described descending lifeline concrete structure adopts one of following manner:
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, connecting in rotating shaft reels is provided with the slow rope that falls of a volume, and an above-mentioned slow end that falls rope extends out from described descending lifeline and forms described that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, be fixedly installed rotating disk in rotating shaft, be wound with the slow rope that falls of a circulation on rotating disk, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and come and form the slow rope that falls of a volume;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, be fixedly installed gear turntable in rotating shaft, on the gear of gear turntable, cover has the slow rope that falls of a circulation, the wheel chain band that rope is circulation falls in above-mentioned circulation slow, and the wheel chain band of above-mentioned circulation extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and comes and form a volume to delay and fall rope.
wherein, described descending lifeline slow fall rope extend to the top of described building by built-in pipe and be arranged in the body of wall that extends downwardly into the below floor in built-in pipe or in beam or in post or in floor or in shear wall or exterior wall near the position outward opening, the user can be in body of wall or in beam in post or in floor or in shear wall or exterior wall near the position outward opening is pulled out slowly fall rope and descend safely, describedly slow fall rope and be arranged in built-in pipe, described built-in pipe be arranged in post or beam in or in shear wall or outward within the walls or in floor or in soil or building space, above-mentioned slow rope falls and can be at pre-buried in-pipe, wherein, described built-in pipe or the slow rope that falls are provided with box body changing nyctitropic turning point, be provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk in box body, the above-mentioned slow rope that falls is walked around above-mentioned runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or the extension of rotating disk change direction, wherein, in described post or in beam or in shear wall or outward within the walls or be provided with the space in floor, describedly slow fall rope and extend in above-mentioned space or have a stay cord to extend to above-mentioned space, one end of above-mentioned stay cord falls rope and is connected with slow, the user can pull out slow fall rope or stay cord in above-mentioned space, the design in described space adopts one of following manner:
Described space is a terminal box and an openable panel is set, and is provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk in above-mentioned terminal box, and the slow rope that falls can be by above-mentioned runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk change direction;
Described space is a metal cabinet and an openable panel is set, and is provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk in above-mentioned metal cabinet, and the slow rope that falls can change direction by above-mentioned runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk and outwards moves;
Described space is within the walls a space that is enclosed by brick wall outside, runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk are set in this space, the exterior wall surface setting in above-mentioned space is equipped with openable panel, and the user can open panel and pull out the slow rope that falls from above-mentioned space;
Described space is within the walls a space that is enclosed by brick wall outside, runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk are set in this space, the exterior wall surface in above-mentioned space arranges a circular hole, and above-mentioned slow rope or the described stay cord of falling changes direction by runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk and pass outwards through above-mentioned circular hole and an annulus or junction button or connecting ring and be connected; Described space is to be attached to an outer box body of exterior wall or to be attached to an outer box body within the walls.
wherein, described descending lifeline slow falls by rope extends to the top of described building and extend from the top down along the outside of the exterior wall of described building the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external that is set to described building by built-in pipe, above-mentioned descending lifeline is reciprocating descent control device, it is that a circulation slow falls rope or from the extended two shuttle slow ropes that fall of reciprocating descent control device that rope falls in above-mentioned reciprocating descent control device slow, above-mentioned circulation slow fall rope or two shuttle slow fall that rope extends from top to bottom that the window that is arranged in described building is other or balcony is other or the opening of the exterior wall of described building by, the above-mentioned slow outside that rope is arranged on the exterior wall of described building that falls, particular location adopts one of following manner:
The described slow outside that rope is arranged on exterior wall that falls;
The described slow rope that falls is arranged in the groove of exterior wall or in the L groove, the user can pull out the slow pull rope that falls from the opening of groove or L groove;
Describedly slow fall rope and be arranged in the vertical body of exterior wall, above-mentioned vertical body is provided with openable cover plate, the user opens cover plate can pull out the slow pull rope that falls from the opening of vertical body, when descending lifeline is arranged on the below of described building, the slow rope that falls of descending lifeline extends to the top of described building by built-in pipe, the above-mentioned slow rope that falls changes the direction place and is provided with rotating disk or runner, and the above-mentioned slow rope that falls is coiled in above-mentioned rotating disk or runner and changes direction and can drive rotating disk or runner rotates.
wherein, described building top is provided with two or more descending lifelines or fixture, two volumes that extend out from above-mentioned two or more descending lifeline or fixture or multireel be slow falls that rope can be released to other or two of extending out from above-mentioned two or more descending lifeline or fixture of the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row or the many slow ropes that fall are arranged on to downward-extension by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row, the user has dressed safety belt and can slow fallen rope and be connected with above-mentioned, connect to adopt one of following scheme: when roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange two descending lifelines, hang from descending lifeline one and get off to delay to fall rope one, hang to get off to delay when falling rope two from descending lifeline two, the user dressed after safety belt can be by rock-climbing use lifting device or other grab rope device and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also connect the stall euphroe on rope two slow falling simultaneously, the stall euphroe connects with an end that is connected stay cord, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, the stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope two and slide when normal, when during stall, decrease speed surpasses safety speed suddenly, the stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope two that falls.so upward slowly fall that rope one is gentle falls rope two and when jumping downwards when user's safety belt connects as stated above, the user just can delay under the traction of falling rope one and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, lost efficacy as descending lifeline one in the decline process or the slow rope one that falls when breaking, user's decrease speed is in the moment increasing and greater than safety speed, at this moment the stall euphroe just fastens the slow rope two that falls, the user just can be fixedly connected on to delay to fall on rope two and delay under the traction of falling rope two and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two like this, this provides the insurance scheme of standby landing just for the user in the slow process of falling, this can be avoided the user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart, when roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange three descending lifelines, hang from descending lifeline one and get off to delay to fall rope one, hang to get off to delay when falling rope two from descending lifeline two, hang from descending lifeline three and get off to delay to fall rope three, the user dressed after safety belt can be by rock-climbing use lifting device or other grab rope device and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also connect automatic stall euphroe one on rope two slow falling simultaneously, automatically stall euphroe one connects with an end that is connected stay cord one, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, also connect manual stall euphroe two on rope three slow falling simultaneously, manually stall euphroe two connects with an end that is connected stay cord two, the other end that connects stay cord two is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, above-mentioned stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope and slide when normal, when during stall, decrease speed surpasses safety speed suddenly, the stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope that falls by automatic or manual.so when user's safety belt connects the slow rope one that falls as stated above, the slow rope two that falls, slow rope three falls and when jumping downwards, the user just can delay under the traction of falling rope one and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, lost efficacy as descending lifeline one in the decline process or the slow rope one that falls when breaking, user's decrease speed is in the moment increasing and greater than safety speed, at this moment the stall euphroe falls rope two once fastening to delay automatically, the user just can be fixedly connected on to delay to fall on rope two and delay under the traction of falling rope two and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two like this, if at this moment descending lifeline two also lost efficacy or delayed and fall rope two fractures, user's decrease speed is still greater than safety speed, but the user is with regard to Push switch or pull stay cord to start manual stall euphroe two, hand cord-tightening device two just can be fixedly connected on slow falling on rope three, the user also can safety descend under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline three like this.If for reducing costs, above-mentioned slow rope two or the slow upper end that falls rope three of falling can be adopted with fixture and be fixedly connected with, during decline as stall occurs, the stall euphroe can be fixed slow rope two or the slow rope three that falls of falling, like this user just can fixedly hover over slow fall rope two or delay fall on rope three and prevented from falling.Above scheme this provide the insurance scheme of standby landing just for the user in the slow process of falling, this can be avoided the user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart.
after adopting technique scheme, the described slow rope that falls can be hung along the outside of the exterior wall of building by controlling and extend to that the opening that window is other or balcony is other or building is external of uppermost storey or intermediate floor is other provides use, during breaking out of fire, the user has dressed safety belt and has fallen that rope is fixedly connected with and land downwards by above-mentioned window or balcony or the external outward opening of building with slow, thereby fall rope through the reducing gear of descending lifeline and be subjected to the effect of reducing gear to guarantee that the slow rope that falls is drawn out with the speed of safety due to slow, this just can guarantee that the user descends with the speed of safety, when first user lands safely, second user can be connected to slow falling on rope by above-mentioned window or balcony or the external opening landing of building dressing good safety belt, certainly, for guaranteeing the speed of fleeing from, we can design simultaneously two people one or organize one group of three people or one group of many people descends simultaneously, allow again after decline next group librarian use is slow to fall rope and flee from landing, this has just played continuous lifesaving.above-mentioned technical scheme also has the following advantages: 1, can be provided with above-mentioned switch box body, control stay cord or power-on switch at each window of dwelling house and balcony, the external opening of each window, balcony and exterior wall is passway for escaping when breaking out of fire like this, the people of premises communications centre specially crosses conflagration area and removes to seek specific passway for escaping, the application's technical scheme but can be provided with descending lifeline at each window and the balcony of every cover premises, all sets up passway for escaping at each window and balcony, if 2 by the unified screening of developer descending lifeline, select superior in quality descending lifeline, that user will more relieved use, 3, the descending lifeline of the application's technical scheme is to be placed on the suitable parts such as roof or refuge story, it does not take the space of dwelling house, just can start described rope releasing device after the lid that only needs the user to open the outside of body of wall or side or inboard switch box body from window limit or balcony limit during use pulls and controls stay cord or press power-on switch falls rope to slow on the roofing layer of described building or refuge story and moves to the outside of exterior wall and release and delay and fall rope, the slow rope that falls just can extend to along hanging under the lateral of exterior wall by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of below floor, the user who needs like this escape slow falls that rope is fixedly connected with and jumping downwards falls with regard to wearable good safety belt by what grab rope device or adopt that other way and above-mentioned extension put in place, the user just can descend safely under the effect that is arranged on the descending lifeline on roofing layer or refuge story and escape, 4, because the house type in the vertical direction of general dwelling house is the same, the window of every layer of dwelling house and balcony are unified in the position of vertical direction, so when descending lifeline is arranged on the building roofing layer or on refuge story the time, descending lifeline slow falls rope and hangs downwards to extend and just can satisfy the even all uses of floors of a plurality of floors, and developer's technical scheme of just implementing the application in the construction stage just reduces costs than each family's purchase descending lifeline like this, 5, by developer's unification, daily repair and maintenance work and the management work that descending lifeline also is convenient to descending lifeline is set, thereby guarantee the normal use of descending lifeline, 6, the user connects and uses the fast and safety of slow speed of falling rope during fire, the safety belt that descending lifeline only need dress need be installed and be connected and fixed and slowly fall rope and jump to fall to getting final product.one of advantage of the application's maximum also is: be at first because descending lifeline is arranged on roofing layer or refuge story, above-mentioned roofing layer or refuge story area are large, allow descending lifeline to be designed to the descending lifeline of large volume, can design the higher slowing-down structure of multiple protection in the inside large space due to the descending lifeline of large volume, this is that present family expenses small size descending lifeline can't be realized, also have descending lifeline or the escape apparatus of present family expenses also to exist usual detection all qualified, the accident but breaking out of fire just meets accident when using, this is that the user is fixed on descending lifeline by the other or balcony of window during due to breaking out of fire, at this moment fire-extinguishing truck is with regard to the floor room water spray of Chang Huixiang breaking out of fire, the frictional force that the injection that the descending lifeline of friction-type runs into water will reduce the descending lifeline internal structure makes slowly falls the speed that rope is drawn out of and causes the accident greater than safety speed, same when the room breaking out of fire, can outwards spray flare from window or balcony after fire spread, flame, this also can cause the above-mentioned damage that is fixed on the other or descending lifeline that balcony is other of window, lost efficacy, this is all the major safety risks that breaking out of fire uses present descending lifeline or escape apparatus to exist, adopt technique scheme just can evade above-mentioned potential safety hazard, this is because descending lifeline is arranged on roofing layer or refuge story, this is not ignition point, descending lifeline can not be subject to the impact of fire, when also having breaking out of fire, the user has dressed safety belt and has been connected and fixed above-mentioned hanging and extended put in place slow and fall after rope by window or balcony or outward opening is descended safely, due to the safety speed general control that descends 1 meter of per second---1.5 meters, that is to say that the slow rope that falls is to descend with interior speed with 1.5 meters of 1 meter of per second or per seconds, the above-mentioned slow rope that falls adopts steel wire cable and is coated with and brushes fireproof paint, even at this moment slowly fall rope and be exposed in flame, because the effect of fireproof paint and the slow rope that falls are that speed with 1.5 meters of 1 meter of per second or per seconds is drawn out of and descends, it is slow that to fall the time that rope is in flame very short, flame can not fall rope and causes damage slow, it is last that building is more and more higher now, the Super High building continues to bring out, this just causes the slow rope that falls of present descending lifeline constantly to lengthen, the volume of descending lifeline constantly increases, the model of descending lifeline also must constantly increase, this will inevitably affect descending lifeline manufacturing cost and practicality, and the application's technical scheme just can be evaded this problem, the application can only offer each floor use with a vertical slow rope that falls from top to bottom, no matter which floor breaking out of fire all can use above-mentioned that root to descend safely from roofing layer or the vertical fallen vertical slow rope that falls from top to bottom of refuge story of described building.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the generalized section of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the generalized section of the application the second embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the application the second embodiment;
Fig. 5 is that the application the second embodiment delays the generalized section when falling the rope whereabouts;
Fig. 6 is that the delivery board of the application the second embodiment moves to the exterior wall schematic top plan view in when outside;
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of grabbing rope device;
Fig. 8 grabs the fastening cross-sectional schematic of delaying when falling rope of rope device;
Fig. 9 is the oblique view of grabbing rope device;
Figure 10 grabs the fastening oblique view that delays when falling rope of rope device;
Figure 11 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the 3rd embodiment;
Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of the application the 3rd embodiment;
Figure 13 is that the application the 3rd embodiment delays the cross-sectional schematic when falling the rope whereabouts;
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 is the generalized section of the embodiment of the present invention 1,
as shown in Figure 1, a kind of building, comprise exterior wall, the described outer space that is provided with within the walls, above-mentioned space is a box body 16, be provided with the slow rope 2 that falls in above-mentioned box body 16, above-mentionedly slow fall rope 2 and be connected in descending lifeline 7, the user can pull out the slow rope 2 that falls in above-mentioned box body 16, descending lifeline 7 comprises metal ring track 9, be close to metal ring track 9 and be provided with magnet 5 and magnet 8, magnet 5 and magnet 8 are fixed on supporting construction 20, supporting construction 20 is fixed in rotating shaft 1, rotating shaft 1 is rotatable, be provided with the slow rope 3 that falls of a volume in rotating shaft 1, the slow rope 3 that falls is pulled out the part of descending lifeline 7 and is the slow rope 2 that falls, when breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need in time leave building, the user can pull out slow rope 2 uses of falling in above-mentioned box body 16, the wearable good safety belt of user and fall rope 2 and be connected with slow during use, the user just can descend by slow rope 2 safety under the effect of descending lifeline 7 of falling like this.
Wherein, in the opening scope that described box body 16 is arranged within the walls outer or balcony scope under the within the walls outer or window opening of the window opening side of exterior wall of described building or window opening side or exterior wall is external.
Wherein, described box body 16 is metal boxes and an openable panel 17 is set, be provided with cylinder 18 and cylinder 19 in above-mentioned box body 16, slow fall rope 2 and can pull out by above-mentioned cylinder 18 and cylinder 19, cylinder 18 and cylinder 19 guarantee slow smooth and easy that rope 2 pulls out that fall after changing direction.
Wherein, described descending lifeline 7 be arranged in the building floor or the basement of building in or on the top layer of building or the outer ground of building or underground structures or in casing or other suitable position.
Wherein, the slow rope 2 that falls of described descending lifeline 7 extends in described box body 16 by built-in pipe 15.
Wherein, described built-in pipe 15 is arranged in the brick wall body, certainly also can be arranged in post or beam in or in floor or in shear wall or in soil.
Wherein, described built-in pipe 15 or the slow rope 2 that falls are provided with box body 10 and box body 12 changing nyctitropic turning point, are provided with cylinder 11 in box body 10, are provided with cylinder 13 in box body 12, above-mentionedly slowly fall that rope 2 is walked around above-mentioned cylinder 11 and cylinder 13 changes directions.
Wherein, described built-in pipe 15 also can be arranged in the vertical duct well of described building or in the outside of exterior wall or stair passage or on other vertical passageway, the diameter of built-in pipe does not run in post or beam or floor very much or all can design pre-buried by existing design specification in shear wall or in body of wall or soil.
Certainly, we also can design described descending lifeline 7 and be arranged on the top layer of described building, described slow fall that rope 2 stretches out and connect from top to bottom from descending lifeline 7 be connected in bottom or basement, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls slidably is connected with a stay cord at the floor place, above-mentioned stay cord puts in described space, above the above-mentioned slow tie point that falls rope 2 and stay cord and tie point below be provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord can pull and drive and slowly fall rope to the movement outside of exterior wall.
Wherein, described descending lifeline 7 is arranged on the top layer of described building, describedly slow fall that rope 2 stretches out and extend from top to bottom from descending lifeline 7, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls changes direction at the floor place and puts in described space by runner, and changes direction to downward-extension and be connected in the bottom or basement of described building by runner.
scheme has in addition: described descending lifeline 7 is arranged on the bottom of described building or on basement floor, described slow fall that rope 2 stretches out and connect from top to bottom from descending lifeline 7 be connected on the top layer flooring or on refuge story or on other floor, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls slidably is connected with a stay cord at the floor place, above-mentioned stay cord puts in described space, be provided with box body at described built-in pipe or the slow rope 2 that falls changing nyctitropic turning point, be provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk in box body, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls is walked around above-mentioned runner or cylinder or rotating shaft or rotating disk change direction, above the above-mentioned slow tie point that falls rope 2 and stay cord and tie point below be provided with runner or cylinder or rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord can pull and drive to delay and fall rope 2 to the movement outside of exterior wall.Scheme has in addition: described descending lifeline 7 is arranged on the bottom of described building or on basement floor, describedly slow fall that rope 2 stretches out and extend from bottom to top from descending lifeline 7, the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls changes direction at the floor place by runner or cylinder or rotating shaft and puts in described space, and changes direction by runner or cylinder or rotating shaft and extend upward and be connected on the top layer of described building or refuge story or on other floor.important beneficial effect is to be discharged into by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row when two volumes that the rope releasing device of the roofing layer of described building or refuge story or intermediate floor can extend out two or more descending lifelines or fixture or the slow rope that falls of multireel in addition, the user has dressed safety belt and can slow fallen rope and be connected with above-mentioned, connect to adopt one of following scheme: when roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange two descending lifelines, hang from descending lifeline one and get off to delay to fall rope one, hang to get off to delay when falling rope two from descending lifeline two, the user dressed after safety belt can be by rock-climbing use lifting device or other grab rope device and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also connect the stall euphroe on rope two slow falling simultaneously, the stall euphroe connects with an end that is connected stay cord, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, the stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope two and slide when normal, when during stall, decrease speed surpasses safety speed suddenly, the stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope two that falls.so upward slowly fall that rope one is gentle falls rope two and when jumping downwards when user's safety belt connects as stated above, the user just can delay under the traction of falling rope one and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, lost efficacy as descending lifeline one in the decline process or the slow rope one that falls when breaking, user's decrease speed is in the moment increasing and greater than safety speed, at this moment the stall euphroe just fastens the slow rope two that falls, the user just can be fixedly connected on to delay to fall on rope two and delay under the traction of falling rope two and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two like this, this provides the insurance scheme of standby landing just for the user in the slow process of falling, this can be avoided the user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart, when roofing layer or intermediate floor arrange three descending lifelines, hang from descending lifeline one and get off to delay to fall rope one, hang to get off to delay when falling rope two from descending lifeline two, hang from descending lifeline three and get off to delay to fall rope three, the user dressed after safety belt can be by rock-climbing use lifting device or other grab rope device and be fastenedly connected slow and fall on rope one, also connect automatic stall euphroe one on rope two slow falling simultaneously, automatically stall euphroe one connects with an end that is connected stay cord one, the other end that connects stay cord is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, also connect manual stall euphroe two on rope three slow falling simultaneously, manually stall euphroe two connects with an end that is connected stay cord two, the other end that connects stay cord two is connected with above-mentioned safety belt, above-mentioned stall euphroe can be connected to slow falling on rope and slide when normal, when during stall, decrease speed surpasses safety speed suddenly, the stall euphroe can fasten the slow rope that falls by automatic or manual.so when user's safety belt connects the slow rope one that falls as stated above, the slow rope two that falls, slow rope three falls and when jumping downwards, the user just can delay under the traction of falling rope one and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline one, lost efficacy as descending lifeline one in the decline process or the slow rope one that falls when breaking, user's decrease speed is in the moment increasing and greater than safety speed, at this moment the stall euphroe falls rope two once fastening to delay automatically, the user just can be fixedly connected on to delay to fall on rope two and delay under the traction of falling rope two and safety decline under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline two like this, if at this moment descending lifeline two also lost efficacy or delayed and fall rope two fractures, user's decrease speed is still greater than safety speed, but the user is with regard to Push switch or pull stay cord to start manual stall euphroe two, hand cord-tightening device two just can be fixedly connected on slow falling on rope three, the user also can safety descend under the decelerating effect of descending lifeline three like this.If for reducing costs, above-mentioned slow rope two or the slow upper end that falls rope three of falling can be adopted with fixture and be fixedly connected with, during decline as stall occurs, the stall euphroe can be fixed slow rope two or the slow rope three that falls of falling, like this user just can fixedly hover over slow fall rope two or delay fall on rope three and prevented from falling.This provides above scheme just for the user to prevent that the dual fail-safe measure that the user falls even can be designed with three insurances or more insure measure in the slow process of falling, what this can be avoided the user to use slow fear of falling rope at heart and guarantee that the user lands is perfectly safe.When the application's descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device, from descending lifeline slow rope one and the slow rope two that falls of a volume of falling of a volume that extend out, when executing agency moves and discharges above-mentioned slow when falling that rope one is gentle falls rope two, slow rope one gentle rope two all the hang ground or near ground of falling of falling is so slowly fall that rope one is gentle to fall the user that rope two can alternately offer the floor of executing agency below and use.when the application's descending lifeline adopts reciprocating descent control device and slow fall that rope adopts circulation slow when falling rope, from the extend out slow rope that falls of a volume circulation of descending lifeline, when executing agency move and discharge above-mentioned circulation slow when falling rope, the slow of circulation falls rope Crater face or near ground, therefore the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of the floor of executing agency below is other just two slow ropes that fall, above-mentioned two slow ropes that fall extend the slow rope that falls that is connected to become above-mentioned circulation, so above-mentioned two slow fallen the capable of circulation or user that alternately offer the floor of executing agency below of rope and use, certainly rope hang ground or during near ground falls when above-mentioned circulation slow, preferably above-mentioned circulation slow the rope cover fallen around arranging on the ground or on the runner on building wall or rotating disk and tensioning.
As shown in Figure 2, Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the embodiment of the present invention 1.The wherein said slow rope 2 that falls is provided with box body changing nyctitropic turning point, is provided with cylinder 11 in a box body, is provided with cylinder 13 in another box body, and the above-mentioned slow rope 2 that falls is walked around above-mentioned cylinder 11 and cylinder 13 and changed directions and extend in built-in pipe 15.Above-mentioned slow to fall rope 2 be that a volume in the descending lifeline is slow falls rope 3 and extend out, and above-mentionedly slowly falls rope 3 and be wound in a rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is fixedly connected with magnet 1 by syndeton, and magnet 1 can be at the surface sliding of metal ring track 9.
as shown in Figure 3, Fig. 3 is the generalized section of the application the second embodiment, in the basement of described building or intermediate floor or building outer suitable position 335 is provided with descending lifeline 86, the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338, the slow rope 57 that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends upward a volume or a branch of slow rope 65 that falls from descending lifeline 86, an above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow inside that rope 65 is arranged on above-mentioned rope releasing device 338 that falls, but the user at the described floor of rope releasing device 338 or the floor tricing line rope releasing device 338 below described rope releasing device 338 of being provided with an above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow falling under rope 65 veers away from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 sides.The meaning that the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338 is executing agency such as manipulator or mechanical arm or a removable above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow trussmember that falls rope of veering away that the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338, and the present embodiment executing agency adopts an above-mentioned removable above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow trussmember that falls rope 65 of veering away.The storey setting of the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device 338 or described rope releasing device 338 belows has the gauge tap of controlling stay cord 80 or being connected with electric wire, the present embodiment adopt to be controlled stay cord 80, but above-mentioned control stay cord 80 or gauge tap tricing line rope releasing device 338 will an above-mentioned volume or a branch of delaying fall rope 65 and veer away from top to bottom along the exterior wall side.the slow rope 57 that falls of one volume of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls is by rotating disk 339, rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 change direction and extend the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume, but the floor tricing line rope releasing device 338 of the described floor that rope releasing device 338 is set or the described floor below that rope releasing device 338 is set will an above-mentioned rolling delays and falls rope 65 and release from top to bottom along the outside of exterior wall 73, above-mentioned discharge from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 outsides slow fall rope 65 can draw pull slow in descending lifeline 86 to fall the safety speed of rope 57 through descending with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 86 from the rotating shaft 56 of descending lifeline 86 or on rotating disk pull is out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is when magnet 55 and magnet 53 during the surperficial rapid movement at metal ring track 51, metal ring track 51 is interior can produce the eddy current that stops magnet 55 and magnet 53 motions, eddy current can make the magnet 55 of motion and the decrease speed that magnet 53 is decelerated to safety and stability very soon, generally in 1.3 meters of per seconds, the final stabilized speed of magnet 55 and magnet 53 can slowly be fallen the number of rope 65 and the safety speed of everyone weight and requirement is carried out the selection of kind and the size of magnet 55 and magnet 53 by being connected to, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 65 that falls is same slow ropes that fall, we can be provided with male member such as colligation is welded with steel ring slow falling on rope 65 every a segment distance, above-mentioned male member with grab rope device when being combined, male member can support to catch on grabs rope device.
Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.
The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 61.
the executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 68 that is connected with motor 61, be arranged on the rotating disk 60 on housing, rotating disk 63, the slow delivery board 330 that falls rope 65 is used for veering away, hold the slow openable supporting plate 76 that falls rope 65 with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board 330, above-mentioned delivery board 330 and supporting plate 76 are arranged on a support plate, support plate is connected with gear track 67, above-mentioned delivery board 330 is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft of rotatable gear 66, rotatable gear 66 is arranged between gear track 67 and flanging 87, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear 66 and gear track 67, said motor 61 is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band 68 and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor 61 can drive rotatable gear 66 by chain band 68 and rotate, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall 73 on gear track 67, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate when supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall 73, due to action of gravitation, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to the top or intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and descend, the position of rotary drum 62 is for guaranteeing that the slow rope 65 that falls can not be subject to the obstruction of motor 61 and rotatable gear 66 and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 when changing direction of falling.
Above-mentioned control system comprise be arranged in motor 61 or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch 88 that is connected with the control circuit of motor 61, with the control stay cord 80 that the movable piece of power-on switch 88 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 80 and be arranged on the interior built-in pipe from top to bottom 81 of exterior wall 73.Above-mentioned control stay cord 80 changes in directions extend to intermediate floor from top to bottom in the perforate space 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81 switch box body 83 and the switch box body of other intermediate floor by rotating disk 79.
be provided with switch box body 83 in the exterior wall 73 of building as shown in Figure 3, be provided with in above-mentioned switch box body 83 and extend the control stay cord 80 that puts in place, above-mentioned control stay cord 80 is connected in power-on switch 88, the user can pull out control stay cord 80 in above-mentioned switch box body 83 in the floor of described building, controlling stay cord 80 pulls the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact to make the closed energising of power-on switch 88 by rotating disk 79, certainly also power switch circuit of action launching of available control stay cord 80 and make above-mentioned control circuit energising and allow the motor operation by the program of setting, also has design: at the interior electric wire that on-off circuit is set of above-mentioned built-in pipe 81, the switch of on-off circuit is arranged in switch box body 81, when pressing above-mentioned switch, the user just can make the on-off circuit energising allow the motor follow procedure move.
above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 is arranged in the basement 335 of described building, descending lifeline 86 comprises housing 59, housing 59 is fixedly installed metal ring track 51(by supporting construction 50 can use aluminium alloy), be close to metal ring rail 51 and be provided with magnet 55 and magnet 53, magnet 55 and magnet 53 are fixed on supporting construction 52, supporting construction 52 is fixed in rotating shaft 56, rotating shaft 56 is rotatable, be connected with the slow rope 57 that falls of a volume in rotating shaft 56, the slow rope 57 that falls is pulled out part and is the slow rope 58 that falls, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls extends and coiled rotating disk 339 from rotating shaft 56, rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 are coiled again becomes the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume.the control circuit of said motor 61 is by electric wire 70, electric wire 77 is connected with power-on switch 88, power-on switch 88 is normally open when normal, the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact are connected with control stay cord 80, controlling stay cord 80 changes directions by rotating disk 79 extend to from top to bottom top or intermediate floor in the perforate 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81, be provided with switch box body 83 in the exterior wall 73 of top or intermediate floor, switch box body 83 is provided with openable lid 82, when breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need in time leave building, the user can open the lid and 82 pull out in the above-mentioned switch box body 83 and control stay cord 80 and make the closed energising of power-on switch 88, said motor 61 just can make the slow delivery board that falls rope 65 of placement stop after outer operation certain distance to exterior wall 73 in follow procedure action under the control of control circuit.
as shown in Figure 4, Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the application the second embodiment, be provided with descending lifeline 86 and rope releasing device in the basement of described building, the slow rope 57 that falls of one volume of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls extends into the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume by rotating disk, but the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device 338 or the described floor tricing line rope releasing device 338 that is provided with rope releasing device 338 belows release the slow rope 65 that falls of an above-mentioned rolling from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 outsides, above-mentioned along exterior wall 73 sides discharge from top to bottom slow fall rope 65 can draw pull slow in descending lifeline 86 to fall safety speed that rope 57 descends with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 86 from the rotating shaft of descending lifeline 86 or on rotating disk pull is out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is to adopt the aluminium manufacturing when the magnet of magnet 55 and below at metal ring track 51() surperficial rapid movement the time, the interior eddy current that can produce the magnet movement that stops magnet 55 and below of metal ring track 51, eddy current can make the magnet of the magnet 55 of motion and below be decelerated to very soon the decrease speed of safety and stability, generally in 1.3 meters of per seconds, concrete principle can be referring to Lenz's law.
Above-mentioned rope delivery system comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.
The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 61.
the executing agency of above-mentioned rope delivery system comprises the chain band 68 that is connected with motor 61, be arranged on the rotating disk on housing, the slow delivery board 330 that falls rope 65 is used for veering away, hold the slow openable supporting plate 76 that falls rope 65 with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board 330, above-mentioned delivery board 330 and supporting plate 76 are arranged on a support plate 89, support plate 89 is connected with gear track 67, above-mentioned delivery board 330 is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft of rotatable gear 66, rotatable gear 66 is arranged between gear track 67 and flanging, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear 66 and gear track 67, said motor 61 is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band 68 and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor 61 can drive rotatable gear 66 by chain band 68 and rotate, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall 73 on gear track 67, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate 89 when supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall 73, due to action of gravitation, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to each intermediate floor of top or described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and descend, the position of rotary drum 62 guarantees the slow obstruction that rope 65 can be avoided motor 61 and rotatable gear 66 objects such as grade of falling, and can reduce to delay the frictional force when falling rope 65 change direction, extend slow service life of falling rope 65.The above-mentioned slow rope 58 that falls changes direction and is arranged in built-in pipe through rotating disk and extends, and built-in pipe extends up in the described floor that rope releasing device 338 is set from basement and extends the slow rope 65 that falls of an above-mentioned volume by rotating disk again.
As shown in Figure 5, Fig. 5 is that the application the second embodiment delays the generalized section when falling the rope whereabouts.in the basement of described building or intermediate floor or building outer suitable position 335 is provided with descending lifeline 86, the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338, the slow rope 57 that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends upward a volume or a branch of slow rope 65 that falls from descending lifeline 86, an above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow inside that rope 65 is arranged on above-mentioned rope releasing device 338 that falls, but the user at the described floor of rope releasing device 338 or the floor tricing line rope releasing device 338 below described rope releasing device 338 of being provided with an above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow falling under rope 65 veers away from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 sides.The meaning that the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338 is executing agency such as manipulator or mechanical arm or a removable above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow trussmember that falls rope of veering away that the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor 337 are provided with rope releasing device 338, and the present embodiment executing agency adopts an above-mentioned removable above-mentioned volume or a branch of slow trussmember that falls rope 65 of veering away.The storey setting of the described floor that is provided with rope releasing device 338 or described rope releasing device 338 belows has the gauge tap of controlling stay cord 80 or being connected with electric wire, the present embodiment adopt to be controlled stay cord 80, but above-mentioned control stay cord 80 or gauge tap tricing line rope releasing device 338 will an above-mentioned volume or a branch of delaying fall rope 65 and veer away from top to bottom along the exterior wall side.the slow rope 57 that falls of one volume of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 extends the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls is by rotating disk 339, rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 change direction and extend the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume, but the floor tricing line rope releasing device 338 of the described floor that rope releasing device 338 is set or the described floor below that rope releasing device 338 is set will an above-mentioned rolling delays and falls rope 65 and release from top to bottom along the outside of exterior wall 73, above-mentioned discharge from top to bottom along exterior wall 73 outsides slow fall rope 65 can draw pull slow in descending lifeline 86 to fall the safety speed of rope 57 through descending with human body after the reducing gear effect of descending lifeline 86 from the rotating shaft 56 of descending lifeline 86 or on rotating disk pull is out, the principle of above-mentioned reducing gear is when magnet 55 and magnet 53 during the surperficial rapid movement at metal ring track 51, metal ring track 51 is interior can produce the eddy current that stops magnet 55 and magnet 53 motions, eddy current can make the magnet 55 of motion and the decrease speed that magnet 53 is decelerated to safety and stability very soon, generally in 1.3 meters of per seconds, the final stabilized speed of magnet 55 and magnet 53 can slowly be fallen the number of rope 65 and the safety speed of everyone weight and requirement is carried out the selection of kind and the size of magnet 55 and magnet 53 by being connected to, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls, the slow rope 58 that falls, the slow rope 65 that falls is same slow ropes that fall, we can be provided with male member such as colligation is welded with steel ring slow falling on rope 65 every a segment distance, above-mentioned male member with grab rope device when being combined, male member can support to catch on grabs rope device.
Above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.
The driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor 61.
the executing agency of above-mentioned rope releasing device comprises the chain band 68 that is connected with motor 61, be arranged on the rotating disk 60 on housing, rotating disk 63, the slow delivery board 330 that falls rope 65 is used for veering away, hold the slow openable supporting plate 76 that falls rope 65 with being used for of being rotatably connected of delivery board 330, above-mentioned delivery board 330 and supporting plate 76 are arranged on a support plate, support plate is connected with gear track 67, above-mentioned delivery board 330 is fixedly connected with the connecting shaft of rotatable gear 66, rotatable gear 66 is arranged between gear track 67 and flanging 87, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear 66 and gear track 67, said motor 61 is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by chain band 68 and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor 61 can drive rotatable gear 66 by chain band 68 and rotate, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall 73 on gear track 67, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate when supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall 73, due to action of gravitation, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to the top or intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and descend, the position of rotary drum 62 is for guaranteeing that the slow rope 65 that falls can not be subject to the obstruction of motor 61 and rotatable gear 66 and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 when changing direction of falling.
Above-mentioned control system comprise be arranged in motor 61 or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch 88 that is connected with the control circuit of motor 61, with the control stay cord 80 that the movable piece of power-on switch 88 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 80 and be arranged on the interior built-in pipe from top to bottom 81 of exterior wall 73.Above-mentioned control stay cord 80 changes in directions extend to intermediate floor from top to bottom in the perforate space 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81 switch box body 83 and the switch box body of other intermediate floor by rotating disk 79.
be provided with switch box body 83 in the exterior wall 73 of building as shown in Figure 5, be provided with in above-mentioned switch box body 83 and extend the control stay cord 80 that puts in place, above-mentioned control stay cord 80 is connected in power-on switch 88, the user can pull out control stay cord 80 in above-mentioned switch box body 83 in the floor of described building, controlling stay cord 80 pulls the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact to make the closed energising of power-on switch 88 by rotating disk 79, certainly also power switch circuit of action launching of available control stay cord 80 and make above-mentioned control circuit energising and allow the motor operation by the program of setting, also has design: at the interior electric wire that on-off circuit is set of above-mentioned built-in pipe 81, the switch of on-off circuit is arranged in switch box body 81, when pressing above-mentioned switch, the user just can make the on-off circuit energising allow the motor follow procedure move.
above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 is arranged in the basement 335 of described building, descending lifeline 86 comprises housing 59, housing 59 is fixedly installed metal ring track 51(by supporting construction 50 can use aluminium alloy), be close to metal ring rail 51 and be provided with magnet 55 and magnet 53, magnet 55 and magnet 53 are fixed on supporting construction 52, supporting construction 52 is fixed in rotating shaft 56, rotating shaft 56 is rotatable, be connected with the slow rope 57 that falls of a volume in rotating shaft 56, the slow rope 57 that falls is pulled out part and is the slow rope 58 that falls, the above-mentioned slow rope 57 that falls extends and coiled rotating disk 339 from rotating shaft 56, rotating disk 60 and rotating disk 63 are coiled again becomes the slow rope 65 that falls of a volume.the control circuit of said motor 61 is by electric wire 70, electric wire 77 is connected with power-on switch 88, power-on switch 88 is normally open when normal, the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or moving contact are connected with control stay cord 80, controlling stay cord 80 changes directions by rotating disk 79 extend to from top to bottom top or intermediate floor in the perforate 72 of the exterior wall 73 of described building and built-in pipe 81, be provided with switch box body 83 in the exterior wall 73 of top or intermediate floor, switch box body 83 is provided with openable lid 82, when breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need in time leave building, the user can open the lid and 82 pull out in the above-mentioned switch box body 83 and control stay cord 80 and make the closed energising of power-on switch 88, said motor 61 just can make the slow delivery board that falls rope 65 of placement stop after outer operation certain distance to exterior wall 73 in follow procedure action under the control of control circuit.
As shown in Figure 5, rope releasing device 338 comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency.the driving mechanism of the present embodiment is motor, said motor is fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board 330 and by the chain band and is connected with rotatable gear 66, motor can drive rotatable gear 66 by the chain band and rotate, rotatable gear 66 can drive above-mentioned delivery board 330 movement outside to exterior wall on gear track 67, when supporting plate 76 runs to the outside of exterior wall, due to action of gravitation, supporting plate 76 is opened downwards, slow just opening and fall to uppermost storey or each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76 of rope 65 fall, rotary drum 62 is set on delivery board 330, slow fall rope 65 and walk around rotary drum 62 and descend, the position of rotary drum 62 guarantees that the slow rope 65 that falls can not be subject to the obstruction of motor and rotatable gear 66 and can reduce the slow frictional force of rope 65 when changing direction of falling.
Above-mentioned control system comprise be arranged in motor or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch 88 that is connected with the control circuit of motor, with the control stay cord 80 that the movable piece of power-on switch 88 or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected, hold control stay cord 80 and be arranged on outward within the walls built-in pipe from top to bottom 81.Above-mentioned control stay cord 80 changes in direction extends to uppermost storey or intermediate floor from top to bottom in the perforate space of the exterior wall of described building and built-in pipe 81 switch box body by rotating disk and in the switch box body of other intermediate floor.
the control circuit of said motor is by electric wire 70, electric wire 77 is connected with power-on switch 88, power-on switch 88 is normally open when normal, the movable disconnecting link of power-on switch 88 or movable contact are connected with control stay cord 80, controlling stay cord 80 changes directions by rotating disk 79 extend to from top to bottom uppermost storey or intermediate floor in the perforate of the exterior wall of described building and built-in pipe 81, be provided with switch box body 83 in the exterior wall 73 of uppermost storey or intermediate floor, switch box body 83 is provided with openable lid 82, when breaking out of fire or earthquake or other need in time leave building, the user can open the lid and 82 pull out in the above-mentioned switch box body 83 and control stay cord 80 and make the closed energising of power-on switch 88, said motor can make to place in follow procedure action under the control of control circuit and stop after the slow delivery board 89 that falls rope 65 is transported outward the row certain distance to exterior wall, such scheme also has following characteristics and advantage: the slow rope 65 that falls that falls to extending along exterior wall has a segment distance apart from wall face, this can guarantee that the escape personnel can not collide wall face in the landing process.
as shown in Figure 6, Fig. 6 is that the delivery board of the application the second embodiment moves to the exterior wall schematic top plan view in when outside, in the basement of described building or intermediate floor or building outer suitable position is provided with descending lifeline 86, the roofing layer of above-mentioned descending lifeline 86 tops or refuge story or intermediate floor are provided with rope releasing device 338, when delivery board 330 can be moved in the effect of motor 61 outside of exterior wall, supporting plate 76 has left the supporting of above-mentioned support plate 89, due to action of gravitation, supporting plate 76 can be opened downwards, the slow rope 65 that falls just can opening and fall to uppermost storey or each intermediate floor of described building with supporting plate 76.
as shown in Figure 7, Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of grabbing rope device, when rope device 116 is grabbed in use, the user has dressed safety belt and safety belt has been connected and grabbed on the shell 139 of rope device 116, fall rope 118 and put into the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116 slow, slow fall rope 118 and pass the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116, grab rope device 116 and comprise movable slider 128, movable slider 131, fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129, above-mentioned fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is fixed on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 is movably arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 can enter and insert fixedly slide block 127, the fixing slow rope 118 that falls of the interior clamping of slide block 129, be provided with the cylindric protruding thing 119 and the cylindric protruding thing 120 that are parallel to inclined-plane 137 on movable slider 128, be provided with the cylindric protruding thing 121 and the cylindric protruding thing 122 that are parallel to inclined-plane 138 on movable slider 131, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 119 and cylindric protruding thing 120 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 121 and cylindric protruding thing 122 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, grooved tracks is arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, fixedly slide block 127 is provided with the slip plane 136 that is parallel to inclined-plane 137, fixedly slide block 129 is provided with the slip plane 135 that is parallel to inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128, be provided with Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 on the bottom surface of movable slider 131, when upspringing, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 promote movable slider 128, movable slider 131 enters fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, in the process that advances, because inserting, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 119 and cylindric protruding thing 120 be parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned cylindric protruding thing 121 and cylindric protruding thing 122 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128 under the constraint of above-mentioned grooved tracks, movable slider 131 very successfully is advanced into fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, and at fixing 127 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block, clamped the slow rope 118 that falls when fixedly 129 pairs of movable sliders 131 of slide block are exerted pressure, after the user has dressed safety belt and has connected on the shell 139 of grabbing rope device 116, when the window as the user by exterior wall lands downwards, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are promoted movable slider 128, movable slider 131 enters fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, and because user's gravity and the downward motion of user makes the slow rope 118 that falls produce pulling force upwards and drive movable slider 128 under the effect of frictional force, movable slider 131 more in depth enters fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, enter fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is darker, fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is by slip plane 136 and 135 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slip plane, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and gravity factor, under the self-locking action that the factor that moves downward produces, being fastened on the user who grabs on rope device 116 descends safely on rope 118 and can not fall with regard to being fixed on slow falling.also have, we can be at movable slider 128, be connected with stay cord upwards on movable slider 131, stay cord upwards can be movable slider 128 under the External Force Acting that makes progress, movable slider 131 draws in fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, the above-mentioned stay cord that makes progress extends to outside the shell 139 of grabbing rope device 116 use is provided, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can start by mechanical device, for example can adopt Compress Spring 125, Compress Spring 126 is upspring or motor action or the above-mentioned movable slider 128 of hydraulic stem action promotion, movable slider 131 enters above-mentioned fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129 and clamp the slow rope 118 that falls.As shown in Figure 7, described movable slider 128, movable slider 131 are near the slow shape undulate shape that falls the one side of rope 118, movable slider 128 has wavy surface 130, movable slider 131 has wavy surface 123, wavy surface 130 and wavy surface 123 coincide, and certain above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can be designed to flat shape near slow one side of falling rope 118.
as shown in Figure 8, Fig. 8 grabs the fastening cross-sectional schematic of delaying when falling rope of rope device, movable slider 128, the compressed spring 125 of movable slider 131 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are advanced into fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, and at fixing 129 pairs of movable sliders 131 of slide block, clamped the slow rope 118 that falls when fixedly 127 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block are exerted pressure, this moment, user's gravity made the slow rope 118 that falls produce pulling force upwards and drive movable slider 128 under the effect of frictional force with the factor that moves downward, movable slider 131 more deeply enters fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, enter fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is darker, fixedly slide block 127, fixing 129 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, the slow like this rope 118 that falls is under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and grab rope device 116 under the self-locking action that produces of gravity factor and just be fixed on slow falling on rope 118, being fastened on the user that grabs on rope device 116 can not fall with regard to being fixed on slow fall on rope 118.
as shown in Figure 9, Fig. 9 is the oblique view of grabbing rope device, when rope device 116 is grabbed in use, the user has dressed safety belt and safety belt has been connected and grabbed on the shell 139 of rope device 116, opening 115 by on shell 139 falls rope 118 and puts into the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116 slow, slow fall rope 118 and pass the internal void 117 of grabbing rope device 116, grab rope device 116 and comprise movable slider 128, movable slider 131, fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129, above-mentioned fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is fixed on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 slidably is arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, slow fall rope 118 put into when grabbing rope device 116 must fixing slide block 127 and fixedly slide block 129 be arranged on above, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 can enter and insert fixedly slide block 127, the fixing slow rope 118 that falls of the interior clamping of slide block 129, be provided with two cylindric protruding things that are parallel to inclined-plane 137 on movable slider 128, be provided with two cylindric protruding things that are parallel to inclined-plane 138 on movable slider 131, above-mentioned two cylindric protruding things insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, above-mentioned two cylindric protruding things insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, grooved tracks is arranged on the housing 139 of grabbing rope device 116, fixedly slide block 127 is provided with the slip plane 136 that is parallel to inclined-plane 137, fixedly slide block 129 is provided with the slip plane 135 that is parallel to inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128, be provided with Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 on the bottom surface of movable slider 131, when upspringing, Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 promote that two movable sliders enter fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, in the process that advances, because inserting, two on above-mentioned movable slider 128 cylindric protruding things are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 137, two cylindric protruding things on above-mentioned movable slider 131 insert and are parallel in the grooved tracks on inclined-plane 138, movable slider 128 under the constraint of above-mentioned two grooved tracks, movable slider 131 very successfully is advanced into fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, and at fixing 127 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block, clamped the slow rope 118 that falls when fixedly 129 pairs of movable sliders 131 of slide block are exerted pressure, after having dressed safety belt and connected on the shell 139 of grabbing rope device 116, the user allow simultaneously Compress Spring 125 and Compress Spring 126 upspring to make movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 to slide into above-mentioned fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, when the window as the user by exterior wall lands downwards, user's gravity and downward motion make the slow rope 118 that falls produce pulling force upwards and drive movable slider 128 under the effect of frictional force, movable slider 131 more in depth enters fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, enter fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is darker, fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is by slip plane 136 and 135 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slip plane, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, slow like this rope 118 falls under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and gravity factor, under the self-locking action that the factor that moves downward produces, being fastened on the user that grabs on rope device 116 can not fall with regard to being fixed on slow fall on rope 118.also have, we can be at movable slider 128, be connected with stay cord upwards on movable slider 131, stay cord upwards can be movable slider 128 under the External Force Acting that makes progress, movable slider 131 draws in fixedly in slide block, the above-mentioned stay cord that makes progress extends to the shell of grabbing rope device 116 use is provided outward, movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can start by mechanical device, for example adopt and make Compress Spring 125, Compress Spring 126 is upspring or motor action or the above-mentioned movable slider 128 of hydraulic stem action promotion, movable slider 131 enters above-mentioned fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129 and clamp the slow rope 118 that falls.Movable slider 128, movable slider 131 are plane near slow one side of falling rope 118 as shown in Figure 9, certainly as shown in Figure 7, above-mentioned movable slider 128, movable slider 131 also can be designed to wave-like to increase and slow frictional force of falling rope 118 near slow one side of falling rope 118.
as shown in figure 10, Figure 10 grabs the fastening oblique view that delays when falling rope of rope device, movable slider 128, the compressed spring 125 of movable slider 131 and Compress Spring 126 are upspring and are advanced into fixedly slide block 127 and fixedly in slide block 129, and at fixing 129 pairs of movable sliders 131 of slide block, clamped the slow rope 118 that falls when fixedly 127 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block are exerted pressure, this moment, user's gravity made the slow rope 118 that falls produce pulling force upwards and drive movable slider 128 under the effect of frictional force with the factor that moves downward, movable slider 131 more deeply enters fixedly slide block 127, fixedly in slide block 129, enter fixedly slide block 127, fixedly slide block 129 is darker, fixedly slide block 127, fixing 129 pairs of movable sliders 128 of slide block, the pressure that movable slider 131 produces is larger, this has just produced the effect of self-locking, the slow like this rope 118 that falls is under the clamping of movable slider 128 and movable slider 131 and grab rope device 116 under the self-locking action that produces of gravity factor and just be fixed on slow falling on rope 118, being fastened on the user that grabs on rope device 116 can not fall with regard to being fixed on slow fall on rope 118.
as shown in figure 11, Figure 11 is the cross-sectional schematic of the application the 3rd embodiment, described building is provided with descending lifeline 150 on outer suitable position 177, on the roofing 353 of described building, rope releasing device 352 is set, be provided with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume in descending lifeline 150, slow in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 falls rope 152 and can be drawn out from the opening of descending lifeline 150 safety speed with 1.5 meters of per seconds through the effect of descending lifeline 150 interior reducing gears, slow in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 falls rope 152 and extends from the outward opening of descending lifeline 150 one section slow rope 160 that falls is set, the slow length of falling rope 160 of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extensions is not less than the twice of building roofing height and dish and rolls up and slow fall rope 167 and be arranged on the supporting plate 172 of rope releasing device, an above-mentioned volume is slow, and to fall the height of the length of rope 167 and described building suitable.Above-mentioned rope releasing device 352 comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, and driving mechanism adopts user's pulling stay cord 176.Control system comprises that the exterior wall 159 of described building interior (or in beam or in post) is provided with stay cord 176, the push rod 173 that is provided with in the built-in pipe 179 of vertical perforation, built-in pipe 179.Executing agency comprises supporting plate 172, push rod 171, push rod 173.above-mentioned stay cord 176 1 ends are connected in the push rod 173 that is used for supporting splint 172 under supporting plate 172, push rod 173 can rotate around a rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord 176 extends and extends to from the top down along the built-in pipe 179 in exterior wall 159 in the switch box body of top and each intermediate floor from the push rod 173 of control system, above-mentioned stay cord 176 can control and the leave behind push rod 173 of rope releasing device 352, the supporting plate 172 that loses supporting rotates and leans against on skewback or swash plate 170 around rotating shaft 168, being connected to simultaneously the case lid 175 that the push rod 171 on supporting plate 172 will be arranged on casing 166 backs down, at this moment above-mentioned supporting plate 172 leans against on the inclined-plane 169 of skewback 170, slow fall that rope 167 just slides and hang from top to bottom along the outside of exterior wall 159 release.
as shown in figure 11, descending lifeline 150 comprises metal ring track 163, be close to metal ring track 163 and be provided with magnet 161 and magnet 165, magnet 161 and magnet 165 are fixed on supporting construction 158, supporting construction 158 is fixed in rotating shaft 156, rotating shaft 156 can be rotated on bearing 155 and bearing 157, be connected with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume in rotating shaft 156, the slow rope 152 that falls extends the part of pulling out descending lifeline 150 and is the slow rope 160 that falls, during use, the user clamps above-mentioned sagging put in place slow by rope tightening device and falls rope 167 and descend, the user just is fastened on by rope tightening device and slow fall on rope 167 and pull the slow rope 167 that falls to pull simultaneously and slowly fall rope 160 from the interior extraction of descending lifeline 150 in the decline process, the above-mentioned slow rope 160 that falls drives rotating shafts 156 and rotates on bearing 155 and bearing 157, magnet 161 and magnet 165 that rotating shaft 156 drives on supporting construction 158 rotate on metal ring track 163, due to magnet 161 and magnet 165 in rotation process at the interior generation of metal ring track 163 magnetic field eddy current, the magnetic field eddy current hinders the rapid movement of magnet 161 and magnet 165, can make the magnet 161 of quick rotation and the speed of magnet 165 quickly fall to safety speed, the user just can pull slow rope 160 safety under the effect of descending lifeline 150 of falling to descend by the slow rope 167 that falls like this, another supporting construction 151 is connected with metal ring track 163 and metal ring track 163 plays a supportive role, supporting construction 151 is arranged in casing 178.For strengthening the effect of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150, above-mentioned magnet 161 and magnet 165 can be formed and be adopted Haier's Bake array by polylith magnet, and this is a kind of magnet structure, is the approximate ideal structure on engineering, and target is to produce the strongest magnetic field with minimum magnet.
as shown in figure 12, Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of the application the 3rd embodiment, described building is provided with descending lifeline 150 on outer suitable position 177, be provided with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume in descending lifeline 150, slow fall rope 152 and be wound in rotating shaft 156, slow in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 falls rope 152 and can be drawn out from the opening of descending lifeline 150 safety speed with 1.5 meters of per seconds through the effect of descending lifeline 150 interior reducing gears, slow in above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 falls rope 152 and extends from the outward opening of descending lifeline 150 one section slow rope 160 that falls is set, the slow length of falling rope 160 of above-mentioned descending lifeline 150 extensions is not less than building roofing height and dish and rolls up and slow fall rope 167 and be arranged on the supporting plate 172 of rope releasing device, in the exterior wall 159 of described building, (or in beam or in post) is provided with the built-in pipe of vertical perforation, be provided with stay cord in built-in pipe, above-mentioned stay cord one end is connected in the top thick stick that is used for supporting splint 172 under supporting plate 172, push rod can rotate around a rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord from the push rod that is used for supporting splint of rope releasing device extends and the edge outside within the walls built-in pipe extend to from the top down intermediate floor, during use, the user of intermediate floor can pull above-mentioned stay cord and the push rod that is used for supporting splint of the rope releasing device of leaving behind, supporting plate 172 rotates and leans against on the skewback or swash plate of below around rotating shaft 168, being connected to simultaneously the case lid 175 that the push rod 171 on supporting plate 172 will be arranged on casing backs down, at this moment the above-mentioned slow rope 167 that falls slides and hangs from top to bottom along the exterior wall side along the bevel direction of below skewback and releases.
as shown in figure 12, rope releasing device 352 is arranged on roofing 353, slow fall rope 152 and stretch out in descending lifeline 150, descending lifeline 150 comprises metal ring track 163, be close to metal ring track 163 and be provided with magnet 161, magnet 161 is fixed on supporting construction 158, supporting construction 158 is fixed in rotating shaft 156, rotating shaft 156 can be rotated on bearing, be connected with the slow rope 152 that falls of a volume in rotating shaft 156, the slow rope 152 that falls extends the part of pulling out descending lifeline 150 and is the slow rope 160 that falls, during use, the user clamps above-mentioned sagging put in place slow by rope tightening device and falls rope 167 and descend, the user just is fastened on by euphroe and slow fall on rope 167 and pull the slow rope 167 that falls to pull simultaneously and slowly fall rope 160 from the interior extraction of descending lifeline 150 in the decline process, the above-mentioned slow rope 160 that falls drives rotating shaft 156 rotations, the magnet 161 that rotating shaft 156 drives on supporting construction 158 rotates on metal ring track 163, due to magnet 161 in rotation process at the interior generation of metal ring track 163 magnetic field eddy current, the magnetic field eddy current hinders magnet 161 rapid movements, can make the speed of the magnet 161 of quick rotation quickly fall to safety speed, the user just can pull slow rope 160 safety under the effect of descending lifeline 150 of falling to descend by the slow rope 167 that falls like this, another supporting construction 151 is connected with circular orbit 163 and circular orbit 163 is played a supportive role.
as shown in figure 13, Figure 13 is that the application the 3rd embodiment delays the cross-sectional schematic when falling the rope whereabouts, outer (or in beam or in post) within the walls of described building is provided with the built-in pipe of vertical perforation, be provided with stay cord 176 in built-in pipe, above-mentioned stay cord 176 1 ends are connected in the top thick stick 173 that is used for supporting splint 172 under supporting plate 172, push rod 173 can rotate around a rotating shaft, above-mentioned stay cord 176 from the push rod 173 that is used for supporting splint 172 of rope releasing device extends and along outside within the walls built-in pipe extend to from the top down in the switch box body of top and intermediate floor, during use, user top or intermediate floor opens the switch box body and pulls above-mentioned stay cord 176, above-mentioned stay cord 176 pulls top thick stick 173 downwards, the supporting plate 172 that loses supporting is just around pivoted downward and lean against on skewback 170, being connected to simultaneously the case lid 175 that the push rod 171 on supporting plate 172 will be arranged on casing backs down, at this moment the slow rope 167 that falls just slides and hangs from top to bottom to release along the exterior wall side along the bevel direction of skewback 170 use is provided, user top or intermediate floor just can be connected and fixed and slow fall that rope 167 outwards jumps off and slowly landing of safety downwards.

Claims (10)

1. building, it is characterized in that: in described building or arranged outside building be equipped with descending lifeline, the extended slow rope that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline extends to the backward downward-extension in described building top and other the providing of the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of described building below is provided uses or the extended slow rope that falls of above-mentioned descending lifeline extends to behind described building top that the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external that can be controlled the described building below of hanging along the outside of the exterior wall of described building is other provides use.
2. building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the extended slow rope that falls of described descending lifeline extends to the rear slow rope that falls of coiling or fold that forms in described building top, above-mentioned that coil or folding slow storey setting of falling the rope place has the rope releasing device, described that coil or folding slow storey setting of falling the rope below has the stay cord of control or gauge tap, controlling stay cord or gauge tap is connected with above-mentioned rope releasing device, but pulling above-mentioned control stay cord or pressing above-mentioned gauge tap tricing line rope releasing device allows above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls hang along the outside of exterior wall.
3. building as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: in the body of wall of described building or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in vertical duct or the arranged outside of body of wall built-in pipe is arranged, above-mentioned built-in pipe is from the described floor of rope releasing device that is provided with to the downward-extension setting, above-mentioned built-in pipe is connected with the switch box body at the floor place, built-in pipe blocks at above-mentioned switch box body place, be provided with described control stay cord or gauge tap in above-mentioned switch box body, above-mentioned control stay cord or the circuit that is connected with gauge tap extend upward with described rope releasing device from above-mentioned switch box body and are connected.
4. building as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, above-mentioned executing agency is arranged on the described floor that is provided with the rope releasing device, and above-mentioned control system adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged in motor or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch that is connected with the control circuit of motor, the control stay cord that is connected with the movable piece of power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm, hold and control stay cord and be arranged on outer built-in pipe within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord be arranged in above-mentioned built-in pipe from extend to described building after the movable piece of above-mentioned power-on switch or moving contact or brace or button control arm are connected below in the switch box body of floor;
Above-mentioned control system comprises control stay cord, built-in pipe, the switch box body that is connected with executing agency, above-mentioned built-in pipe be embedded in outer within the walls, above-mentioned control stay cord changes direction by rotating disk and extends downward in the switch box body of floor below described building from above-mentioned executing agency in above-mentioned built-in pipe;
Above-mentioned control system comprises and is arranged in motor or the control circuit in the outside, the power-on switch that is connected with the control circuit of motor, power-on switch is arranged in the switch box body at floor place or the above-mentioned executing agency residing floor place below above-mentioned executing agency, be connected with circuit between power-on switch and motor or control circuit, circuit is arranged in outer built-in pipe within the walls.
5. building as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rope releasing device comprises control system, driving mechanism, executing agency, above-mentioned executing agency adopts one of following scheme:
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the case lid, the rotating shaft that are connected with motor, be arranged on rotating disk on case lid, be used for reeling and slowly fall the rotating shaft of rope or be used for holding the slow supporting plate that falls rope, and said motor can drive above-mentioned case lid and turn to the exterior wall outside of described building and discharge described coil or the slow rope that falls that folds around rotating shaft under the control of control system;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts manipulator, manipulator can grab under the control of control system pick up described that coil or folding slow fall rope and move to the exterior wall outside discharge above-mentioned that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises the rotatable gear that is connected with motor, the slow delivery board that falls rope that is used for veering away, be used for holding described that coil or the folding slow openable supporting plate that falls rope with delivery board is rotatably connected, above-mentioned delivery board is connected on the connecting shaft of rotatable gear, rotatable gear is arranged on gear track, the gear inosculation of rotatable gear and gear track, said motor are fixedly connected on above-mentioned delivery board and by the chain band and are connected with rotatable gear;
Above-mentioned executing agency comprises places described that coil or folding slow supporting plate, the push rod that falls rope, and above-mentioned push rod supports above-mentioned supporting plate, and push rod rotatably allows the supporting plate that loses support rotate around a rotating shaft downwards;
Above-mentioned executing agency adopts tape loop, and tape loop is enclosed within the periphery of drive roll and driven cylinder, and above-mentioned driving mechanism adopts motor, and motor can drive above-mentioned drive roll and rolls and drive the tape loop cycle rotation.
6. building as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described descending lifeline be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device or be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device the below floor be arranged on the floor that is provided with the rope releasing device the top floor or be arranged on described building outer suitable position, the described slow rope that falls is arranged on and extends to the described floor that is provided with the rope releasing device in built-in pipe and form that coil or the folding slow rope that falls, built-in pipe can be arranged in body of wall or in post or in beam or in shear wall or in vertical duct or the outside of body of wall.
7. building as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described descending lifeline concrete structure adopts one of following manner:
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, connecting in rotating shaft reels is provided with the slow rope that falls of a volume, and an above-mentioned slow end that falls rope extends out from described descending lifeline and forms described that coil or the folding slow rope that falls;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, be fixedly installed rotating disk in rotating shaft, be wound with the slow rope that falls of a circulation on rotating disk, above-mentioned circulation slow falls rope and extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and come and form the slow rope that falls of a volume;
Described descending lifeline comprises metal ring track, magnet, two surfaces being close to the metal ring track are symmetrically arranged with magnet, magnet is fixed on supporting construction, above-mentioned supporting construction is fixed in a rotating shaft, above-mentioned rotating shaft is rotatable, be fixedly installed gear turntable in rotating shaft, on the gear of gear turntable, cover has the slow rope that falls of a circulation, the wheel chain band that rope is circulation falls in above-mentioned circulation slow, and the wheel chain band of above-mentioned circulation extends to the residing floor of executing agency from above-mentioned rotating disk and comes and form a volume to delay and fall rope.
8. building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described descending lifeline slow fall rope extend to the top of described building by built-in pipe and be arranged in the body of wall that extends downwardly into the below floor in built-in pipe or in beam or in post or in floor or in shear wall or exterior wall near the position outward opening, the user can be in body of wall or in beam in post or in floor or in shear wall or exterior wall near the position outward opening is pulled out slowly fall rope and descend safely.
9. building as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described descending lifeline slow falls by rope extends to the top of described building and extend from the top down along the outside of the exterior wall of described building the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external that is set to described building by built-in pipe.
10. building as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described building top is provided with two or more descending lifelines or fixture, and two volumes that extend out from above-mentioned two or more descending lifeline or fixture or multireel be slow falls that rope can be released to other or two of extending out from above-mentioned two or more descending lifeline or fixture of the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row or the many slow ropes that fall are arranged on to downward-extension by the opening that window is other or balcony is other or exterior wall is external of same perpendicular row.
CN2012205921841U 2012-11-10 2012-11-10 Building Expired - Fee Related CN203001718U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205921841U CN203001718U (en) 2012-11-10 2012-11-10 Building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205921841U CN203001718U (en) 2012-11-10 2012-11-10 Building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203001718U true CN203001718U (en) 2013-06-19

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CN2012205921841U Expired - Fee Related CN203001718U (en) 2012-11-10 2012-11-10 Building

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014071697A1 (en) * 2012-11-10 2014-05-15 Wu Xurong Building
CN103801016A (en) * 2012-11-10 2014-05-21 福建省连江县迅捷技术孵化有限公司 Building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2014071697A1 (en) * 2012-11-10 2014-05-15 Wu Xurong Building
CN103801016A (en) * 2012-11-10 2014-05-21 福建省连江县迅捷技术孵化有限公司 Building

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