CN103774526B - A kind of thick brick of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of thick brick of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103774526B
CN103774526B CN201410061974.0A CN201410061974A CN103774526B CN 103774526 B CN103774526 B CN 103774526B CN 201410061974 A CN201410061974 A CN 201410061974A CN 103774526 B CN103774526 B CN 103774526B
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ceramic
concrete
stock
type foamed
filler
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CN201410061974.0A
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CN103774526A (en
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吕国兵
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吕国兵
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Abstract

The present invention relates to building material field, particularly the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof.Wherein, this manufacture method comprises the following steps: prepare ceramic stock; Punch forming: inserted in ceramic press mould by ceramic stock, strikes out band reeded matrix pottery idiosome; Add packed layer: after the idiosome drying of matrix pottery, the filler in packed layer is open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity are one in the concrete of C15-C60.The thick brick of composite ceramics provided by the invention and manufacture method thereof, the cost of raw material and sintering cost low, the cost of the thick brick of whole pottery can be reduced, ceramic body arranges groove, the density of the packed layer in its further groove is less than the density of ceramic body, thus reducing the weight of ceramic thick brick, convenient carrying and transport, reduce cost of transportation and construction cost.

Description

A kind of thick brick of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, in particular to the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology
The high-grade outdoor thicker ground decoration Ceramic Tiles of one of the thick brick of pottery to be thickness be 3-8cm, has high strength, safe, anti-skidding, wear-resisting, the rich color not characteristic such as fugitive color.Can form ceramic water-permeable brick when material is porous type, when raining, rainwater rapid permeability is to underground, and road surface is ponding not easily, can alleviate the burden of urban sewage pipeline, effectively reduce Urban Flood Waterlogging, improve groundwater environment; When becoming a fine day, water is evaporated to ground, effectively can control urban heat land effect.Pass through to repave after road surface does not need concreting layer at non-traction engine and paste ceramic thick brick, construction simple and fast expense is lower, and it is good to lay result of use, not easily produce when about 2cm ceramic tile or granite lay outdoor surfaces easily come off, the phenomenon such as fracture.
At present, on market, the thick brick of compact substance pottery is usually at about 6cm, and every square meter weight is at about 130 kilograms; Ceramic water-permeable brick is usually at about 6cm, and every square meter weight is at about 110 kilograms (the every square meter of general ceramic tile is at about 20 kilograms).So cause ceramic thick brick to have following relative weakness, thus impact is promoted the use of:
1) ceramic thick brick raw materials consumption and burn till cost very high cause on the high side;
2) the significantly rising of Product transport cost, is several times as much as the freight charges of general ceramic tile;
3) labor strength rises, and operating expenses is relatively high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof, to solve the above problems.
Provide the manufacture method of the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics in an embodiment of the present invention, comprise the following steps:
Prepare ceramic stock;
Punch forming: inserted in ceramic press mould by described ceramic stock, strikes out band reeded matrix pottery idiosome;
Add packed layer: after the drying of described matrix pottery idiosome, the filler in described packed layer is open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity are one in the concrete of C15-C60;
When the filler of packed layer is a kind of in open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, first filler is added in described groove, afterwards the described matrix pottery idiosome that filler is housed is sent into ceramic kiln to burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge;
When the filler of packed layer be open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity be a kind of in the concrete of C15-C60 time, described matrix pottery idiosome is sent into ceramic kiln burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge, adds to filler in described groove afterwards.
Further, described ceramic stock is the ceramic particle of 100%, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
Or the one at least comprised in following ceramic stock;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that described ceramic stock comprises ceramic for waste and old recovery fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 10%-40% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that described ceramic stock comprises industrial residue fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 10%-40% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome.
Further, in described preparation ceramic stock step, also comprise the ceramic stock of preparation dyeing, is added ceramic pigment in the described ceramic stock that part is prepared and make the ceramic stock of dyeing.
The thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics, comprise ceramic body, described ceramic body is provided with groove, is provided with packed layer in described groove.
Further, described ceramic body is provided with dye layer away from the side of the notch of described groove.
Further, the height of described packed layer is identical with the degree of depth of described groove.
Preferably, the thickness of described ceramic body and described dye layer is 3-8cm.
The thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics that the embodiment of the present invention provides and manufacture method thereof, the cost of raw material and sintering cost low, the cost of the thick brick of whole pottery can be reduced, ceramic body arranges groove, the density of the packed layer in its further groove is less than the density of ceramic body, thus reducing the weight of ceramic thick brick, convenient carrying and transport, reduce cost of transportation and construction cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 shows the sectional view of the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics described in the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:
1, ceramic body; 2, dye layer; 3, packed layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Also by reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below by specific embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the manufacture method of the thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics, comprises the following steps:
Prepare ceramic stock;
Punch forming: inserted in ceramic press mould by ceramic stock, strikes out band reeded matrix pottery idiosome;
Add packed layer 3: after the idiosome drying of matrix pottery, the filler in packed layer 3 is open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity are one in the concrete of C15-C60;
When the filler of packed layer 3 is a kind of in open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, first filler is added in groove, afterwards the matrix pottery idiosome that filler is housed is sent into ceramic kiln to burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge;
When the filler of packed layer 3 be open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity be a kind of in the concrete of C15-C60 time, matrix pottery idiosome is sent into ceramic kiln burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge, adds to filler in groove afterwards.
Wherein, when filler is foamed ceramic raw material, first fill, then sinter together with matrix pottery idiosome, sintering cost can be saved.
Described ceramic stock is the ceramic particle of 100%, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
Or the one at least comprised in following ceramic stock;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that pottery stock comprises ceramic for waste and old recovery fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 10%-40% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that pottery stock comprises industrial residue fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 10%-40% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome.
Prepare in ceramic stock step and also comprise the ceramic stock of preparation dyeing, is added ceramic pigment in the ceramic stock that part is prepared and make the ceramic stock of dyeing.
When matrix pottery idiosome is compact substance, fills and can be formed after packed layer 3 relatively light and there is the thick brick of pottery of higher-strength.For general track and intensive sidewalk effect better.
When packed layer 3 be obturator-type expanded material or wastes of crops fibrous concrete time, while product lightweight, there is good heat-insulating property.For during roof decoration and heat insulation effect better.
The thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics, comprise ceramic body 1, ceramic body 1 is provided with groove, is provided with packed layer 3 in groove.
Ceramic body 1 is provided with dye layer 2 away from the side of the notch of groove.According to the actual requirements, dye layer 2 can be set to corresponding color, meet instructions for use.
The height of packed layer 3 is identical with the degree of depth of groove.Ceramic body 1 is provided with multiple groove.According to the area of the thick brick of pottery and intensity, corresponding groove number is set.
Preferably, the thickness of ceramic body 1 and dye layer 2 is 3-8cm.
The density of general foamed ceramic or foamed concrete is at every cube about 300 kilograms, wastes of crops fibrous concrete is also very little density, there is the feature of lightweight, and the density of ceramic water-permeable brick is at every cube about 1800 kilograms, the density of the thick brick of compact substance pottery is about 2200 kilograms, so add the weight that foamed ceramic or foamed concrete can reduce ceramic thick brick entirety in the groove of the thick brick of pottery.
Matrix pottery idiosome comprises two types: a kind of dense form of to be ceramic raw material be 100% ceramic particle composition, another kind of for comprising the waste and old permeable reclaiming pottery or industrial residue and ceramic particle and mix;
Packed layer comprises two types: permeable, comprises open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete; Lightweight, thermal-insulating type, comprise obturator-type foamed ceramic, obturator-type foamed concrete or wastes of crops fibrous concrete; Bearing type, comprises the concrete that intensity is C15-C60.
Combinations thereof type comprises:
Permeable adds permeable: the water permeable ability of the thick brick of composite ceramics of this kind of mode is stronger, rainwater is through ceramic tile inflow surface, because hole is less, brick body itself can leave comparatively juicy and slowly evaporating after becoming a fine day, can improve urban heat land effect, the earth material that can be used as the ground such as avenue, square can have decoration and pervious function concurrently.
Dense form light weight type: the thick brick of composite ceramics of this kind of mode has certain intensity, wear-resisting and stain resistance is better, can be used for general track or intensive sidewalk.
Dense form adds thermal-insulating type: the thick brick of composite ceramics of this kind of mode has good heat insulation effect, for during roof decoration and heat insulation effect better.
Dense form adds bearing type, and the composite ceramics thick brick entirety of this kind of mode is not all adopt ceramic stock to make, and filling intensity is the concrete of C15-C60, reduces input cost by a relatively large margin, has good intensity, can be used as the road surfacing that loaded vehicle travels.
The thick brick of a kind of composite ceramics that above-described embodiment provides and manufacture method thereof, the cost of raw material and sintering cost low, the cost of the thick brick of whole pottery can be reduced, ceramic body 1 arranges groove, the density of the packed layer 3 in its further groove is less than the density of ceramic body 1, thus reducing the weight of ceramic thick brick, convenient carrying and transport, reduce cost of transportation and construction cost.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a manufacture method for the thick brick of composite ceramics, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
Prepare ceramic stock;
Punch forming: inserted in ceramic press mould by described ceramic stock, strikes out band reeded matrix pottery idiosome;
Add packed layer: after the drying of described matrix pottery idiosome, the filler in described packed layer is open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity are one in the concrete of C15-C60;
When the filler of packed layer is a kind of in open cell type foamed ceramic raw material, obturator-type foamed ceramic raw material, first filler is added in described groove, afterwards the described matrix pottery idiosome that filler is housed is sent into ceramic kiln to burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge;
When the filler of packed layer be open cell type foamed concrete, pervious concrete, obturator-type foamed concrete, wastes of crops fibrous concrete or intensity be a kind of in the concrete of C15-C60 time, described matrix pottery idiosome is sent into ceramic kiln burn till at the temperature of 1000-1300 degree, rear insulation cooling kiln discharge, adds to filler in described groove afterwards.
2. the manufacture method of the thick brick of composite ceramics according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described ceramic stock is the ceramic particle of 100%, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
Or the one at least comprised in following ceramic stock;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that described ceramic stock comprises ceramic for waste and old recovery fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 10%-40% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome;
It is 60%-90% by weight percentage that described ceramic stock comprises industrial residue fragmentation, with ceramic particle by weight percentage for the ratio of 40%-10% mixes, sinters after punching press, forms matrix pottery idiosome.
3. the manufacture method of the thick brick of composite ceramics according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises the ceramic stock of preparation dyeing in described preparation ceramic stock step, is added ceramic pigment and make the ceramic stock of dyeing in the described ceramic stock that part is prepared.
CN201410061974.0A 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 A kind of thick brick of composite ceramics and manufacture method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103774526B (en)

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CN103774526B true CN103774526B (en) 2015-11-04

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104727200B (en) * 2015-03-25 2017-05-03 吕国兵 Composite ceramic thick brick and manufacturing method thereof
CN110978219A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 江西中材新材料有限公司 Processing method of foamed ceramic

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4047825A (en) * 1976-06-14 1977-09-13 The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc. Rollable walk guide
CN2931648Y (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-08 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Compound ceramics brick
CN202347771U (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-07-25 湖南高峰陶瓷制造有限公司 Damping thermal-insulation ceramic tile
CN202787807U (en) * 2012-06-30 2013-03-13 福建省南安市荣达建材有限公司 Composite ceramic tile

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4047825A (en) * 1976-06-14 1977-09-13 The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc. Rollable walk guide
CN2931648Y (en) * 2006-02-27 2007-08-08 佛山欧神诺陶瓷有限公司 Compound ceramics brick
CN202347771U (en) * 2011-11-11 2012-07-25 湖南高峰陶瓷制造有限公司 Damping thermal-insulation ceramic tile
CN202787807U (en) * 2012-06-30 2013-03-13 福建省南安市荣达建材有限公司 Composite ceramic tile

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