CN103669288A - Construction method for biological revetment retaining structure - Google Patents

Construction method for biological revetment retaining structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103669288A
CN103669288A CN201310707089.0A CN201310707089A CN103669288A CN 103669288 A CN103669288 A CN 103669288A CN 201310707089 A CN201310707089 A CN 201310707089A CN 103669288 A CN103669288 A CN 103669288A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stone
construction
baffling
pendulum
soil
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201310707089.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方勇
叶卫英
方芬
方琳
叶卫国
方进
倪光峰
郑维均
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ZHANWANG LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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ZHANWANG LANDSCAPE CONSTRUCTION Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310707089.0A priority Critical patent/CN103669288A/en
Publication of CN103669288A publication Critical patent/CN103669288A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a construction method for a biological revetment retaining structure. The construction method is characterized by including the following steps of constructing a cofferdam, measuring the layout, digging for a board foundation, mounting a formwork and performing supporting, forming the board foundation in a pouring mode, dismantling the formwork and performing maintenance, selecting stones, arranging and building a hill stone revetment, arranging filer bags and smoothly planting vegetation on an earth slope. Compared with the prior art, the construction method for the biological revetment retaining structure has the advantages of reducing damage to the natural environment and the vegetation growth environment as much as possible, improving the biological environment for organisms in rivers or lakes, lowering cost as much as possible and shortening the construction period and being simple in construction.

Description

A kind of construction method of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction method of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure.
Background technology
Along with China is to the putting more effort of river, lake treatment, the bank body in these waters has also been implemented to a large amount of bank protection work.But the ecological revetment soil-baffling structure that existing construction method is built there will be following shortcoming: it is Reinforced Concrete Structure that the first ecological revetment keeps off native overall structure, destruction to natural environment, vegetation growth environment is comparatively serious, environmental destruction in the second pair of river, lake is also more serious, whole Reinforced Concrete Structure has greatly reduced the living space of fish shrimp crab class aquatic organism, and the 3rd longer working procedure of higher construction period of cost is also more loaded down with trivial details.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to: the construction method that a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure is provided, make to build minimizing that ecological revetment soil-baffling structure is out the few to the greatest extent destruction to natural environment, vegetation growth environment, improve ecological environment biological in river, lake, and few reducing costs to the greatest extent, shorten construction period and construction simply.
For achieving the above object, the construction method that the invention provides a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure, comprises the following steps: build cofferdam-measurement unwrapping wire-plate base shoveling-An Mo and support-build plate base-form removal maintenance-select stone-pendulum and build mountain stone shore protection-the lay smooth plantation of filter bag-slight slope vegetation.
A kind of improvement as construction method of the present invention, described builds cofferdam elder generation at the outside 2 meters of inside cords that left and right is cofferdam of upstream face of shore protection, be not less than 120mm pine pile spacing 500mm beating tip footpath, at the bottom of woven cloth is put into dam and inside pine stake, both sides are U font, and last dam heart backfill earth segmentation are drawn water.
As a kind of improvement of construction method of the present invention, described dam heart backfill earth is higher than long-term water level, and will consider peak level height in recent years, soil compaction.When above-mentioned improvement prevents excessive rainfall, ecological revetment soil-baffling structure does not have should effect.
As a kind of improvement of construction method of the present invention, described builds plate base thickness between 18cm-22cm.
As a kind of improvement of construction method of the present invention, select the comparatively natural different stone of rule of Shi Shixuan, every 1~3t the most about, minimum should not be less than 0.5t, this stone material must be the hard stone of quality that digs out in massif soil, and not handy exploitation stone, peels off and crackle without severely-weathered.Above-mentioned improvement is adulterated when preventing selection, prevent that shore protection stone on ecological revetment from washing away slowly and coming off through rainwater and lake water, and adopt natural special-shaped mountain stone shore protection, Mechanical Builds changeability is good, and plane pendulum is built freely concavo-convex, and facade height is straggly flexibly, quick construction is convenient, the various novelty of design, keeps being rich in original ecological natural, forms natural, ecological view.
A kind of improvement as construction method of the present invention, the maintenance of plate base concrete reach design grade intensity 75% time, we start to put block mountain stone shore protection, first we build substratum by the pendulum of slightly little and shape difference, new section after cutting can not be placed to upstream face and end face, then by intending flat the hanging of selected stone face, be placed to assigned address, after laying, no longer stand up, once balance steady, and steady with the tight pad of pinner pad, can not there is tilting phenomenon, secondly when top coat pendulum is built to the substratum fissure of displacement of trying one's best, pendulum lay type adopts plane one to build requirement along the group of a fourth, along the slightly long point of stone, Ding Shiying is put into upstream face by slightly large one end, when finally pendulum is built, the one high and one low plane of facade upward, when pendulum is built simultaneously, section is also considered outer high and steep, namely the stone of upper strata and substratum is outstanding to upstream face.Above-mentioned improvement, not only make shore protection stone natural beauty, again can confinement of flow, the plane that can have shore protection to keep off native stone in the different water level phase occurs, more show ecological natural, for people provide the condition of getting close to river, build the effect that shore protection keeps off native view, can increase again the biological production space in river.
A kind of improvement as construction method of the present invention, while laying filter bag, first the rubble of 30-50mm will be poured in filter bag, sack should be tightened and firmly be placed in the position that slight slope limit shore protection keeps off native stone inner side, slave plate basal plane is laid, every sack made by leather fissure of displacement overlap joint, stack is laid, and between bag and bag, should clamp, must not there is gap, on the skin filter bag of top, cover earth 200~300mm and be advisable.Above-mentioned improvement, makes soil erosion while effectively stoping river wave to wash away in crack of stone, connects the contact of riverbank ecology and aquatic ecosystem simultaneously.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the destruction of few to the greatest extent minimizing to natural environment, vegetation growth environment, improve ecological environment biological in river, lake, and few reducing costs to the greatest extent, shorten the construction period and construct simple.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is construction process figure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 to Fig. 5 is work progress schematic diagram of the present invention.
As described in above-mentioned Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 to Fig. 5,1, natural different stone; 2, earth; 3, plate base; 4, filter bag; 5, pine stake; 6, woven cloth; 7, build cofferdam; 8, measure unwrapping wire; 9, plate base is cut the earth; 10, peace mould supports; 11, build plate base; 12, form removal maintenance; 13, select stone; 14, pendulum is built mountain stone shore protection; 15, lay filter bag; 16, the smooth plantation of slight slope vegetation.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, construction sequence of the present invention is: first build cofferdam 7, next measures unwrapping wire 8, then plate base cuts the earth 9, then pacify mould and support 10, after peace mould support 10 is good, start to build plate base 11, in plate base 3, build the maintenance that also needs afterwards form removal and a period of time, when form removal maintenance 12 plate base 3, we can start to select stone 13, after selecting stone 13 good plate base 3 reach design grade intensity 75% time start pendulum and build mountain stone shore protection 14, after puzzling, mountain stone shore protection pendulum lays filter bag 15, the last smooth plantation of slight slope vegetation 16.
As shown in Figures 2 to 5, the first outside 2 meters of inside cords that left and right is cofferdam of upstream face at shore protection while building cofferdam 7 in the present invention, be not less than 120mm pine stake 5 spacing 500mm beating tip footpath, at the bottom of woven cloth 6 is put into dam and pine stake 5 both sides, inner side be U font, last dam heart backfill earth segmentation are drawn water, dam heart backfill earth is higher than long-term water level, and will consider peak level height in recent years, soil compaction.
While building plate base 11, thickness will be advisable between 18cm-22cm.
The comparatively regular natural different stone 1 of choosing while selecting stone 13, every 1~3t the most about, minimum should not be less than 0.5t, and this stone material must be the hard stone of quality that digs out in massif soil, and not handy exploitation stone, peels off and crackle without severely-weathered.
3 concrete curings of plate base reach design grade intensity 75% time, we start to put block mountain stone shore protection 14, first we build substratum by the pendulum of slightly little and shape difference, new section after cutting can not be placed to upstream face and end face, then by intending flat the hanging of selected stone face, be placed to assigned address, after laying, no longer stand up, once balance steady, and steady with the tight pad of pinner pad, can not there is tilting phenomenon, secondly when top coat pendulum is built to the substratum fissure of displacement of trying one's best, pendulum lay type adopts plane one to build requirement along the group of a fourth, along the slightly long point of stone, Ding Shiying is put into upstream face by slightly large one end, when finally pendulum is built, the one high and one low plane of facade upward, when pendulum is built simultaneously, section is also considered outer high and steep, namely the stone of upper strata and substratum is outstanding to upstream face.
While laying filter bag 15, first the rubble of 30-50mm will be poured in filter bag 4, sack should be tightened and firmly be placed in the position that slight slope limit shore protection keeps off native stone inner side, slave plate basal plane is laid, every sack made by leather fissure of displacement overlap joint, stack is laid, between bag and bag, should clamp, must not have gap, on top skin filter bag 4, cover earth 2200~300mm and be advisable.
Adopt the ecological revetment soil-baffling structure that construction method of the present invention builds out not only to reduce the destruction to natural environment, vegetation growth environment, improve ecological environment biological in river, lake, and few reducing costs to the greatest extent, construction period and construction shortened simply.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, those skilled in the art in the invention can also carry out suitable modifications and changes to above-mentioned embodiment.Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiment disclosed and described above, to modifications and changes more of the present invention, also should fall in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.In addition,, although used some particular term in manual, these particular term just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a construction method for ecological revetment soil-baffling structure, is characterized in that comprising the following steps: build cofferdam-measurement unwrapping wire-plate base shoveling-An Mo and support-build plate base-form removal maintenance-select stone-pendulum and build mountain stone shore protection-the lay smooth plantation of filter bag-slight slope vegetation.
2. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described builds cofferdam elder generation at the outside 2 meters of inside cords that left and right is cofferdam of upstream face of shore protection, be not less than 120mm pine pile spacing 500mm beating tip footpath, at the bottom of woven cloth is put into dam and inside pine stake, both sides are U font, and last dam heart backfill earth segmentation are drawn water.
3. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described dam heart backfill earth is higher than long-term water level, and will consider peak level height in recent years, soil compaction.
4. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described builds plate base thickness between 18cm-22cm.
5. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: select the comparatively natural different stone of rule of Shi Shixuan, every 1~3t the most about, minimum should not be less than 0.5t, this stone material must be the hard stone of quality that digs out in massif soil, not handy exploitation stone, peels off and crackle without severely-weathered.
6. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the maintenance of plate base concrete reach design grade intensity 75% time, we start to put block mountain stone shore protection, first we build substratum by the pendulum of slightly little and shape difference, new section after cutting can not be placed to upstream face and end face, then by intending flat the hanging of selected stone face, be placed to assigned address, after laying, no longer stand up, once balance steady, and steady with the tight pad of pinner pad, can not there is tilting phenomenon, secondly when top coat pendulum is built to the substratum fissure of displacement of trying one's best, pendulum lay type adopts plane one to build requirement along the group of a fourth, along the slightly long point of stone, Ding Shiying is put into upstream face by slightly large one end, when finally pendulum is built, the one high and one low plane of facade upward, when pendulum is built simultaneously, section is also considered outer high and steep, namely the stone of upper strata and substratum is outstanding to upstream face.
7. the construction method of a kind of ecological revetment soil-baffling structure according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: while laying filter bag, first will in filter bag, pour into the rubble of 30-50mm, sack should be tightened and firmly be placed in the position that slight slope limit shore protection keeps off native stone inner side, slave plate basal plane is laid, every sack made by leather fissure of displacement overlap joint, stack is laid, and between bag and bag, should clamp, must not there is gap, on the skin filter bag of top, cover earth 200~300mm and be advisable.
CN201310707089.0A 2013-12-11 2013-12-11 Construction method for biological revetment retaining structure Pending CN103669288A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201952776U (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-08-31 上海勘测设计研究院 Bank protection structure
KR20120086075A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-02 심재욱 Structure for planting environment and improvement
CN103276696A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-09-04 重庆丹海实业有限公司 Underwater revetment based on ecological bags and water body ecological management method
CN103290806A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-09-11 中国长江三峡集团公司 Environmental-friendly ecological reinforcing dam system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201952776U (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-08-31 上海勘测设计研究院 Bank protection structure
KR20120086075A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-02 심재욱 Structure for planting environment and improvement
CN103290806A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-09-11 中国长江三峡集团公司 Environmental-friendly ecological reinforcing dam system
CN103276696A (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-09-04 重庆丹海实业有限公司 Underwater revetment based on ecological bags and water body ecological management method

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Application publication date: 20140326