CN103654962B - RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture - Google Patents

RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture Download PDF

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CN103654962B
CN103654962B CN201310635284.7A CN201310635284A CN103654962B CN 103654962 B CN103654962 B CN 103654962B CN 201310635284 A CN201310635284 A CN 201310635284A CN 103654962 B CN103654962 B CN 103654962B
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pad
flap
headrest
stepped hole
resuscitation
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CN103654962A (en
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朱晓菊
余淘
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朱晓菊
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture, comprise the headrest, neck pad, shoulder pad, body pad and flap; Described neck pad is the arc-shaped protrusions fitted with neck, and one end of neck pad is fixedly connected with one end of the headrest, and the other end is fixedly connected with body pad; Described shoulder pad is fixedly installed on body pad and the position of close neck pad, and this shoulder pad is aerating gasbag, and aerating gasbag is provided with the pore for filling, exitting, and this pore is communicated with aerating device; Described flap is two, and two flaps are hinged on the both sides of the headrest respectively, and flap is provided with the lockable mechanism for flap being located locking, is fixed with and the locking plate locked mechanism and match at the other end of the headrest; Neonatal head according to neonatal head size adjustment flap, can be fixed by apparatus of the present invention, does not need medical personnel neonate can be made to maintain on a correct position with hands.

Description

RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture
Technical field
The present invention relates to obstetrics' medical apparatus technical field, be specifically related to a kind of RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture.
Background technology
Asphyxia of newborn is one of problem of often running into of department of obstetrics and gynecology.The basic reason of asphyxia of newborn is anoxia, and all factors that fetus or blood of neonate oxygen concentration can be caused to reduce all can cause suffocates, as difficult labour, knot of umbilical cord etc.; Also may be caused by one or more pathological factors of self.If do not obtain after suffocating appears in neonate in time and effective resuscitation will be in peril of one's life.The principle that resuscitation of newborn rescues utilizes the methods such as tool guides, Drug therapy, environmental stimuli to assist it to set up unimpeded respiratory tract, realizes normal breath cycle.Resuscitation technique after asphyxia of newborn mainly comprises oral trachea cannula method under resuscitator pressurization oxygen supply method, external chest compression heart and laryngoscope.No matter be adopt which kind of resuscitation technique, all first neonatal position must be ajusted, be beneficial to airway open.The method ajusting position is at present at neonatal shoulder yardage roll or the padded 2-2.5 centimetre for the treatment of towel, and makes its cervical region micro stretching, and head is slightly to layback.But this method ajusting position can not effectively fix neonatal head, the health easily movement when carrying out tracheal intubation, interim folding treatment towel etc. also needs to waste the regular hour, and the height that when the more important thing is rescue, shoulder is padded is indefinite.Because we adopt treatment towel or yardage roll by padded for its shoulder temporarily, how much indefinite concrete height is, the part of shortcoming carries out trickle adjustment with regard to relying on medical personnel again with hands, therefore medical personnel need to be maintained by neonate on correct position in enforcement resuscitation process always, operate and waste time and energy, can rescue time be delayed, affect rescue effect.Therefore, in the process of resuscitation of newborn rescue, need a kind of convenience correctly to ajust position and the aid of position can be maintained.
Summary of the invention
Ajust technology be difficult to fixing head and the problem always maintaining correct position for solving position in existing resuscitation of newborn process, the present invention proposes a kind of RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture, comprises the headrest, neck pad, shoulder pad, body pad and flap; Described neck pad is the arc-shaped protrusions fitted with neck, and one end of neck pad is fixedly connected with one end of the headrest, and the other end is fixedly connected with body pad; Described shoulder pad is fixedly installed on body pad and the position of close neck pad, and this shoulder pad is aerating gasbag, and aerating gasbag is provided with the pore for filling, exitting, and this pore is communicated with aerating device; Described flap is two, and two flaps are hinged on the both sides of the headrest respectively, and flap is provided with the lockable mechanism for flap being located locking, is fixed with and the locking plate locked mechanism and match at the other end of the headrest.
Further, described lockable mechanism comprises lock pin, spring and fixed base, offers porose at the rear side of flap, and this hole is stepped hole, and the lateral dimension of stepped hole lateral segment is greater than the lateral dimension of medial segment; Fixed base inserts the lateral segment of stepped hole and is fixed on flap, and the insertion depth of fixed base is less than the degree of depth of stepped hole lateral segment, on fixed base and the position corresponding with stepped hole medial segment offers through hole; Lock pin inserts in through hole and stepped hole, lock pin is provided with limiting stand, spring is arranged in stepped hole, one end of spring withstands on the step of stepped hole, the other end withstands on limiting stand, and the limiting stand of lock pin is less than the distance bottom fixed base inserting paragraph end to stepped hole to the distance of lock pin inserting paragraph end; Described locking plate is provided with multiple locking hole along the rotary motion trace of lock pin.
Further, described flap is provided with flexible examinating light.
Further, the lamp pearl of described examinating light is LED lamp bead.
Further, the upper surface after described aerating gasbag inflation is 2 ~ 2.5 centimetres to the vertical dimension of headrest upper surface.
Further, the upper surface of described body pad is 1 ~ 2 centimetre to the vertical dimension of headrest upper surface.
Compared with prior art, tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position of the present invention fixture is adopted, neonatal shoulder is placed on shoulder pad, by the height of aerating gasbag adjustment shoulder pad, head hangs down naturally, according to neonatal head size adjustment flap, neonatal head is fixed, do not need medical care work person neonate can be made to maintain on a correct position with hands, both saved the time that medical personnel put neonate position, again can convenient, rescue fast.
2, by arranging lockable mechanism on flap, when flap adjusts to correct position, by lockable mechanism, locking being positioned to flap, infant head is fixed, preventing infant head in rescue process from waving.
3, flexible examinating light is installed on flap, is conveniently carrying out carrying out various inspection to neonate in the process of rescuing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is lockable mechanism schematic diagram.
Wherein, 1 is the headrest, and 2 is neck pad, and 3 is shoulder pad, and 4 is body pad, and 5 is flap, and 6 is locking plate, and 61 is locking hole, and 7 is lock pin, and 71 is limiting stand, and 8 is fixed base, and 9 is examinating light, and 10 is aerating device, and 11 is spring.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
See Fig. 1: RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture, comprises the headrest 1, neck pad 2, shoulder pad 3, body pad 4 and flap 5.Neck pad 2 is the arc-shaped protrusions fitted with neck, and one end of neck pad 2 is fixedly connected with one end of the headrest 1, and the other end is fixedly connected with body pad 4.Shoulder pad 3 is fixedly installed on body the pad 4 and position of close neck pad 2, and this shoulder pad 3 is aerating gasbag, and aerating gasbag is provided with the pore for filling, exitting, and this pore is communicated with aerating device 10; Upper surface after the inflation of this aerating gasbag is 2 ~ 2.5 centimetres to the vertical dimension of headrest upper surface.The upper surface of body pad 4 is 1 ~ 2 centimetre to the vertical dimension of the headrest 1 upper surface.In the present embodiment, the upper surface of body pad 4 is 1.5 centimetres (namely the thickness of body pad 4 is 1.5 centimetres) to the vertical dimension of the headrest 1 upper surface, shoulder pad 3 is fixed on body pad 4, shoulder pad 3 upper surface of inflating rear shoulder pad 3 to the vertical dimension of the upper surface of the headrest 1 be 2.5 centimetres (namely shoulder pad 3 inflate after thickness are 1 centimetre).Flap 5 is two, and two flaps 5 are hinged on the both sides of the headrest 1 respectively, and flap 5 is provided with the lockable mechanism for flap 5 being located locking, is fixed with and the locking plate 6 locked mechanism and match at the other end of the headrest 1.The height of flap 5 is 1.5 ~ 2.5 centimetres, and when neonatal head is fixed on the headrest 1, the upper surface of flap 5 is lower than neonatal ear, and the medical personnel that are more convenient for like this rescue; The height of locking plate 6 is equal to or less than the height of flap 5.
See Fig. 2: lockable mechanism comprises lock pin 7, spring 11 and fixed base 8, offers porose at the rear side of flap 5, this hole is stepped hole, and the lateral dimension of stepped hole lateral segment is greater than the lateral dimension of medial segment.Fixed base 8 inserts the lateral segment of stepped hole and is fixed on flap 5, in the present embodiment, fixed base 8 is T-type structure, the vertical section of fixed base 8 inserts in stepped hole, the lateral dimension of the horizontal segment of fixed base 8 is greater than the lateral dimension in stepped hole aperture, and this horizontal segment is fixed on flap 5 by screw or alternate manner.The insertion depth of fixed base 8 is less than the degree of depth (namely the length of fixed base 8 vertical section is less than the degree of depth of stepped hole lateral segment) of stepped hole lateral segment, on fixed base and the position corresponding with stepped hole medial segment offers through hole.Lock pin 7 inserts in through hole and stepped hole, lock pin 7 is provided with limiting stand 71, spring 11 is arranged in stepped hole, one end of spring 11 withstands on the step of stepped hole, the other end withstands on limiting stand 71, and the limiting stand of lock pin is less than the distance bottom fixed base inserting paragraph end to stepped hole to the distance of lock pin inserting paragraph end.Locking plate 6 is provided with multiple locking hole 61 along the rotary motion trace of lock pin 7.
Conveniently check neonate robbing to ask in process, flap 5 is provided with flexible examinating light 9, and the lamp pearl of examinating light 9 is LED lamp bead.The position that this examinating light 9 can check as required bends, and adopt LED lamp bead, power consumption is very little, and examinating light can be arranged on any position on flap 5, and in the present embodiment, examinating light 9 is arranged on rearward position on the upside of flap 5.
During use, the neonatal head suffocated, cervical region, shoulder and health correspondence are placed on the headrest 1, neck pad 2 and shoulder pad 3 and body pad 4.Shoulder pad 3 is aerating gasbag, and is 2.0 ~ 2.5 centimetres when aerating gasbag fills upper surface when rising to the vertical dimension of the upper surface of the headrest 1.Therefore rescue time by neonate once after placing, shoulder by padded 2.0-2.5 centimetre, cervical region and nose drop, head is naturally micro-backward to be faced upward, air flue naturally opening.Utilize aerating device 5 to regulate the degree of inflation of aerating gasbag according to neonatal build, so just can regulate the height of neonate shoulder, reach best position effect, facilitate medical personnel to carry out follow-up rescue work.After neonate places, cervical region also defines certain radian, and neck pad 2 is designed to the arc-shaped protrusions of fitting with neck, makes the level of comfort that human body reaches best.The headrest 1 both sides are provided with flap 5, and flap 5 can prevent head from moving left and right.Because flap 5 is hinged on the headrest 1, according to the opening and closing degree of the size adjustment flap 5 of infant head, best head fixed effect can be reached.
Because neonatal skin is responsive especially, softer material is all coated with on the surface of the headrest 1, neck pad 2, shoulder pad 3, body pad 4 and flap 5, as sterile-processed soft towel, flap 5 also can be set with the cover of a cotton, in the present embodiment, flap 5 adopts Macromolecule glue material to make.
Finally it should be noted that, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention but not restriction technologies scheme, although applicant's reference preferred embodiment is to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, those are modified to technical scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and do not depart from aim and the scope of the technical program, all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture, is characterized in that, comprises the headrest, neck pad, shoulder pad, body pad and flap; Described neck pad is the arc-shaped protrusions fitted with neck, and one end of neck pad is fixedly connected with one end of the headrest, and the other end is fixedly connected with body pad; Described shoulder pad is fixedly installed on body pad and the position of close neck pad, and this shoulder pad is aerating gasbag, and aerating gasbag is provided with the pore for filling, exitting, and this pore is communicated with aerating device; Described flap is two, and two flaps are hinged on the both sides of the headrest respectively, flap being provided with the lockable mechanism for flap being located locking, being fixed with the locking plate matched with lockable mechanism at the other end of the headrest; Described lockable mechanism comprises lock pin, spring and fixed base, offers porose at the rear side of flap, and this hole is stepped hole, and the lateral dimension of stepped hole lateral segment is greater than the lateral dimension of medial segment; Fixed base inserts the lateral segment of stepped hole and is fixed on flap, and the insertion depth of fixed base is less than the degree of depth of stepped hole lateral segment, on fixed base and the position corresponding with stepped hole medial segment offers through hole; Lock pin inserts in through hole and stepped hole, lock pin is provided with limiting stand, spring is arranged in stepped hole, one end of spring withstands on the step of stepped hole, the other end withstands on limiting stand, and the limiting stand of lock pin is less than the distance bottom fixed base inserting paragraph end to stepped hole to the distance of lock pin inserting paragraph end; Described locking plate is provided with multiple locking hole along the rotary motion trace of lock pin.
2. RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position according to claim 1 fixture, is characterized in that, described flap is provided with flexible examinating light.
3. RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position according to claim 2 fixture, is characterized in that, the lamp pearl of described examinating light is LED lamp bead.
4. RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position according to claim 1 fixture, is characterized in that, the upper surface after described aerating gasbag inflation is 2 ~ 2.5 centimetres to the vertical dimension of headrest upper surface.
5. RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position according to claim 1 and 2 fixture, is characterized in that, the upper surface of described body pad is 1 ~ 2 centimetre to the vertical dimension of headrest upper surface.
CN201310635284.7A 2013-12-03 2013-12-03 RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture Active CN103654962B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310635284.7A CN103654962B (en) 2013-12-03 2013-12-03 RESUSCITATION OF NEONATAL ASPHYXIA head position fixture

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CN103654962B true CN103654962B (en) 2015-12-16

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105919766B (en) * 2016-05-13 2017-09-05 郑晓梅 A kind of multi-functional blood vessel neurosurgical care movement support
CN109044710B (en) * 2018-09-30 2020-07-10 河南省人民医院 Head auxiliary fixing device for bronchial cannula
CN109620600B (en) * 2018-12-29 2021-01-26 赵志旭 Neonate resuscitates device with support function
CN109893387A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-06-18 常州市武进人民医院 A kind of childbirth shoulder blade support device
CN109805952B (en) * 2019-03-08 2020-05-22 吉林大学 Image inspection gesture placing and fixing device
CN111904751A (en) * 2020-09-14 2020-11-10 刘兆敏 Newborn shoulder pad capable of assisting in fixing head

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2400093Y (en) * 1999-11-12 2000-10-11 牛道立 Body-adjusting fixer for radiation therapy
DE10109849A1 (en) * 2001-03-01 2002-09-12 Tinnitus Signal Medizin Gmbh Comfortable head support for use in treatment of patients in the head region, particularly treatment of tinnitus where the head must be held in a constant position for periods of about an hour
CN2885214Y (en) * 2006-03-01 2007-04-04 王晓光 Body position fixer for tracheotomy
CN201743873U (en) * 2010-07-30 2011-02-16 王军 Head fixing device applied for pediatric ophthalmic surgery
CN202044468U (en) * 2011-04-22 2011-11-23 田志丽 Special pillow for rescuing neonate
CN202699511U (en) * 2012-07-20 2013-01-30 崔慧娟 Infantile scalp needle penetration bed
CN203619829U (en) * 2013-12-03 2014-06-04 朱晓菊 Neonatal asphyxia resuscitation pillow

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