CN103630426A - Rocking bar type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device and application method thereof - Google Patents

Rocking bar type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103630426A
CN103630426A CN201210305268.7A CN201210305268A CN103630426A CN 103630426 A CN103630426 A CN 103630426A CN 201210305268 A CN201210305268 A CN 201210305268A CN 103630426 A CN103630426 A CN 103630426A
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sampling
stylostome
rocking bar
fixed mount
piston
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CN201210305268.7A
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CN103630426B (en
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李铁刚
类彦立
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of collection and stratification of biological and geological argillaceous samples and particularly relates to a rocking bar type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device and an application method. The sampling device comprises a sampling device body and a sampling column-shaped tube, wherein the sampling device body comprises a base, a piston, a fixing cap, a fixing frame I, a threaded rocking bar and a handle, the fixing frame I is installed on the base, the fixing cap is arranged on the fixing frame I, the threaded rocking bar is in threaded connection with the fixing cap and the fixing frame I respectively, the handle is arranged at one end of the threaded rocking bar, the other end of the threaded rocking bar is connected with the piston, and the sampling column-shaped tube which already conducts sampling is sleeved outside the threaded rocking bar at the other end of the threaded rocking bar and is connected with the fixing cap. The sampling device has the advantages that the structure is simple, the manufacturing cost is low, materials are saved, energy sources are not used, the device is not limited by the environment, and a sample in the sampling column-shaped tube can be taken out in a rocking mode for stratified processing accurately.

Description

Rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to biology, geology shale sample collection layering field, specifically a kind of rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler and using method thereof.
Background technology
At present column shaped deposit sampler is divided into two kinds, wherein a kind of for box bottom sampler carries out vertical sampling with pvc pipe after having gathered sediment sample, another kind of for directly column shaped deposit sampler vertically being inserted to ground or sandy beach gathers required sediment sample.
Pvc pipe gathered sediment sample in box bottom sampler after generally with a chainsaw or saw blade from the outside cutting of pvc pipe layering, or pvc pipe is divided into two and manually carries out layering.With a chainsaw or saw blade during from the outside cutting of pvc pipe layering, because external environment influence causes its inaccurate laboratory sample that easily makes to produce larger error with the instability of manually cutting, affect experimental data; And after pvc pipe is divided into two, easily inner sample produce is disturbed, and because the inner structure of tube wall causes the sample can not be completely and tube wall disengaging.
In prior art, application number 200720200676.0, the boosting type columnar soil sampler of utility model title, and transparent column bottom sampler (3 meters), the transparent mud pipe of adopting of this BLT5-ASC column is by sampling pipe, stainless steel or plastics cutting head, piston push rod, rope, expander bar, handle, hammer, scraper, spanner, waterproof portable bag, loss spare unit form, during this device sampling, need to first assemble, its shortcoming is that the internal diameter of column stopple coupon is thinner, can not meet the thickness of the required sample of experiment, and because its diameter is less, tube wall is thicker, in mud area, harder regional stopple coupon is difficult for inserting in mud, need manually by hammer, to be squeezed in way, more loaded down with trivial details.And accessory is mostly heavier, the sampling of going out is not portable.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of low cost of manufacture, do not waste resource, Reusability capable of circulation, can accurately carry out rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler and the using method thereof of layering processing to sediment sample scene.
For achieving the above object, this method adopts technical scheme to be:
A kind of rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler, comprise sampler and sampling stylostome, wherein sampler comprises base, piston, locking cap, fixed mount I, screw thread rocking bar and handle, and described fixed mount I is arranged on base, in fixed mount I, is provided with locking cap; Described screw thread rocking bar is threaded with locking cap, fixed mount I respectively, and one end of screw thread rocking bar is provided with handle, and the other end is connected with piston, and the sampling stylostome of having sampled is enclosed within outside described screw thread rocking bar and is connected with described locking cap by the other end of screw thread rocking bar.
Between described fixed mount I and handle, be provided with the fixed mount II that can slide on base, described screw thread rocking bar is threaded with this fixed mount II.
On the top of the top of described fixed mount II, fixed mount I and locking cap, be respectively provided with coaxial threaded hole mutually, screw thread rocking bar is passed by the top of fixed mount II, the top of fixed mount I and the threaded hole on locking cap respectively, and is threaded with each threaded hole.
Described fixed mount I is provided with the collet in order to stable support sampling stylostome, and this collet is positioned at the below of locking cap.
One end of described sampling stylostome is provided with hold-down nut, and sampling stylostome is fixedly connected with the locking cap rotation in fixed mount I by this hold-down nut.
Described piston is positioned at sampling stylostome, and piston is cylindrical, and the bottom surface that piston contacts with institute sample thief is cambered surface, and the both sides of the axial cross section of piston radially cave inward.
On described screw thread rocking bar, be carved with scale.Described sampling stylostome is hollow stylostome.
The using method of rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler, during use, sampler is separated with sampling stylostome, sampling stylostome vertically inserts in sediment sample to be separated, after sampling, take out, in the hold-down nut that sampler is arranged by its sidewall and fixed mount I, locking cap rotation is fixing, by the rocking bar with piston, the rotation of the rotary handle by its other end pushes hollow sampling stylostome again, sediment sample top layer in hollow sampling stylostome is pushed into endpiece, slow circumvolve handle shakes rocking bar promotion piston until the end of piston arrives sampling stylostome again, being about to sediment sample layering releases.
The present invention has advantages of: rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler of the present invention is simple in structure, and low cost of manufacture is saved material, and flexible to operation, degree of accuracy is high, can use by iterative cycles, does not use the energy, is not subject to external environment condition man's activity.Gained sampler can be used for various mud area vertically to be inserted and gathers columnar deposition matter sample, on-the-spotly gathered columnar deposition matter sample is released and carried out accurate separation cuts processing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler perspective view that Fig. 1 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The sampling stylostome cross-sectional view that Fig. 2 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device perspective view that Fig. 3 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
The rocking bar that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention is through the detailed maps of fixed mount I and fixed mount II.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples 1, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
As Figure 1-4, rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler, comprise sampler 1 and sampling stylostome 2, wherein sampler 1 comprises base 5, piston 6, locking cap 8, fixed mount I 9, screw thread rocking bar 10 and handle 12, described fixed mount I 9 is arranged on base 5, is provided with locking cap 8 in fixed mount I 9; Described screw thread rocking bar 10 is threaded with locking cap 8, fixed mount I 9 respectively, one end of screw thread rocking bar 10 is provided with handle 12, the other end is connected with piston 6, and the sampling stylostome 2 of having sampled is enclosed within outside described screw thread rocking bar 10 and is connected with described locking cap 8 by the other end of screw thread rocking bar 10.
Between described fixed mount I 9 and handle 12, be provided with the fixed mount II 11 that can slide on base 5, described screw thread rocking bar 10 is threaded with this fixed mount II 11.
On the top of the top of described fixed mount II 11, fixed mount I 9 and locking cap 8, be respectively provided with coaxial threaded hole mutually, screw thread rocking bar 10 is passed by the threaded hole on the top of fixed mount II 11, the top of fixed mount I 9 and locking cap 8 respectively, and is threaded with each threaded hole.Described fixed mount I 9 is provided with the collet 7 in order to stable support sampling stylostome 2, and this collet 7 is positioned at the below of locking cap 8.Hold-down nut 4 is arranged on apart from sampling stylostome 2 2cmChu, both sides, top respectively one, and sampling stylostome 2 integral body are stainless steel material, and sampling stylostome 2 is fixedly connected with locking cap 8 rotations in fixed mount I 9 by this hold-down nut 4.Described piston 6 is positioned at sampling stylostome 2, and piston 6 is cylindrical, and the bottom surface that piston 6 contacts with institute sample thief is cambered surface, and the both sides of the axial cross section of piston 6 radially cave inward.On described screw thread rocking bar 10, be carved with scale, length is the longest is 800mm left and right.Described sampling stylostome 2 is hollow stylostome 3.
During use, first that rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device 1 is separated with sampling stylostome 2, the stylostome 2 of sampling is vertical to be inserted in sediment sample, after collection, the stylostome 2 of sampling takes out, be fixed in subsequently on the locking cap 8 of fixed mount I 9 of rocker-type stratified sampling device 1, piston 6 is pushed in stylostome 3, sediment sample top layer in stylostome 3 is pushed into endpiece, then rotary handle 12 shakes rocking bar 10 and promotes pistons 6 and advance, slowly release after sample, required in conjunction with experiment, with ruler, measure certain thickness sample and carry out cutting and separating, according to above-mentioned steps, successively the sediment sample layering in sampling stylostome 2 is released, until last piston 6 arrives the end of sampling stylostome 2, the sediment sample of sampling in stylostome 2 is all released, after the sample preparation of separator well, rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device 1 is separated with sampling stylostome 2, when water is waited until next collected specimens after rinsing well respectively, use.
The present invention changes original elongated sampling stylostome into the long stainless tube of internal diameter 600mm, and tube wall is thinner, easier collected specimens in mud area or when sample in sandy beach.The stylostome of first sampling during collected specimens vertically inserts sediment sample or place, collection point, with scoop, shovel out sampling stylostome subsequently, sampling stylostome is fixed on the locking cap of fixed mount I of rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device, first swinging handle promotes piston and sediment sample is pushed into the end of sampling stylostome, then according to experiment, needing to rotate the handle of stopping inwardly advances, often revolving turns around approximately releases 2mm sediment sample, release after certain length by ruler amount length once, as required by sediment sample cutting and separating, can obtain testing the sediment sample thickness of required every aspect, with scoop or other instruments, the sediment sample of release is separated from sampling stylostome, advance successively handle, until swinging handle is pushed into piston the end of sampling stylostome, sediment sample is all released, after sediment sample is disposed, rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device is separated with sampling stylostome, water is waited until next time after washing away totally and is used.
Embodiment 2
Adopt above-described embodiment rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling implement body to be determined as:
Rocking bar 8 length are 800mm, sediment sample total length is 500mm, after sampling stylostome 2 and rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device 1 are fixed, piston 6 is pushed in stylostome 3, swinging handle 12 advances piston 6 sediment sample is pushed into stylostome 3 tops, experiment need to divide sediment sample once every 30mm, rotary handle 12 is progressively pushed ahead piston 6, until sample is released to about 30mm, with ruler, measure after confirmation, with instrument, sediment sample is cut along stylostome 3 edges, the interior remaining sediment sample of stylostome 3 is released to separation successively according to above-mentioned steps, until last piston 6 arrives sampling stylostome 2 ends, sediment sample is all released, handle after sediment sample, rocker-type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device 1 is separated with sampling stylostome 2, water is rinsed well respectively, after drying, pack up and wait until next collected specimens use.

Claims (9)

1. a rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler, it is characterized in that: comprise sampler (1) and sampling stylostome (2), wherein sampler (1) comprises base (5), piston (6), locking cap (8), fixed mount I (9), screw thread rocking bar (10) and handle (12), it is upper that described fixed mount I (9) is arranged on base (5), is provided with locking cap (8) in fixed mount I (9); Described screw thread rocking bar (10) is threaded with locking cap (8), fixed mount I (9) respectively, one end of screw thread rocking bar (10) is provided with handle (12), the other end is connected with piston (6), and the sampling stylostome (2) of having sampled is enclosed within outside described screw thread rocking bar (10) and is connected with described locking cap (8) by the other end of screw thread rocking bar (10).
2. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described fixed mount I (9) and handle (12), being provided with can be in the upper fixed mount II (11) of sliding of base (5), and described screw thread rocking bar (10) is threaded with this fixed mount II (11).
3. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: on the top of the top of described fixed mount II (11), fixed mount I (9) and locking cap (8), be respectively provided with coaxial threaded hole mutually, screw thread rocking bar (10) is passed by the threaded hole on the top of fixed mount II (11), the top of fixed mount I (9) and locking cap (8) respectively, and is threaded with each threaded hole.
4. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fixed mount I (9) is provided with the collet (7) in order to stable support sampling stylostome (2), and this collet (7) is positioned at the below of locking cap (8).
5. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: one end of described sampling stylostome (2) is provided with hold-down nut (4), sampling stylostome (2) is fixedly connected with locking cap (8) rotation in fixed mount I (9) by this hold-down nut (4).
6. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described piston (6) is positioned at sampling stylostome (2), piston (6) is cylindrical, the bottom surface that piston (6) contacts with institute sample thief is cambered surface, and the both sides of the axial cross section of piston (6) radially cave inward.
7. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: on described screw thread rocking bar (10), be carved with scale.
8. by rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sampling stylostome (2) is hollow stylostome (3).
9. the using method of a rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: during use, sampler (1) is separated with sampling stylostome (2), sampling stylostome (2) vertically inserts in sediment sample to be separated, after sampling, take out, the hold-down nut (4) that sampler (1) is arranged by its sidewall is fixing with upper locking cap (8) rotation of fixed mount I (9), by the rocking bar with piston (9) (10), the rotation of the rotary handle (12) by its other end pushes hollow sampling stylostome (2) again, sediment sample top layer in hollow sampling stylostome (2) is pushed into endpiece, slow circumvolve handle (12) shakes rocking bar (10) promotion piston (6) until piston (9) arrives the end of sampling stylostome (2) again, being about to sediment sample layering releases.
CN201210305268.7A 2012-08-23 2012-08-23 Rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler and using method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103630426B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105784448A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-20 厦门大学 Sediment column sample dividing device
CN106840776A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-13 中国科学院海洋研究所 Suitable for the deposit collection of aquafarm benthic environment investigation and cutting device
CN108414275A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-08-17 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院 A kind of micro- plastic sample harvester of strand seashore

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CN202033213U (en) * 2011-03-05 2011-11-09 郭合富 Novel soil sampler
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JPS6053832A (en) * 1983-09-02 1985-03-27 Agency Of Ind Science & Technol Device for manually collecting sample of soft stratum
CN2341142Y (en) * 1998-04-21 1999-09-29 杨洪新 Controllable continuous batching gas sampler
CN1614382A (en) * 2004-11-30 2005-05-11 南开大学 Wet soil sampler
CN101526445A (en) * 2009-04-13 2009-09-09 中国海洋石油总公司 Thread-control high-pressure environment liquid sampler
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105784448A (en) * 2016-05-09 2016-07-20 厦门大学 Sediment column sample dividing device
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CN106840776A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-06-13 中国科学院海洋研究所 Suitable for the deposit collection of aquafarm benthic environment investigation and cutting device
CN108414275A (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-08-17 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院 A kind of micro- plastic sample harvester of strand seashore
CN108414275B (en) * 2018-05-21 2024-04-19 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院 Little plastics sample collection device of coastal beach

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