CN102288449A - Columnar soil sampler with scales - Google Patents

Columnar soil sampler with scales Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102288449A
CN102288449A CN2011100815418A CN201110081541A CN102288449A CN 102288449 A CN102288449 A CN 102288449A CN 2011100815418 A CN2011100815418 A CN 2011100815418A CN 201110081541 A CN201110081541 A CN 201110081541A CN 102288449 A CN102288449 A CN 102288449A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
sampler
connector
sleeve pipe
support bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011100815418A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张少庆
王国平
张玉霞
刘树元
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
Original Assignee
Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS filed Critical Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
Priority to CN2011100815418A priority Critical patent/CN102288449A/en
Publication of CN102288449A publication Critical patent/CN102288449A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a columnar soil sampler with scales, which comprises a handle (1), a sleeve (3), a supporting rod (4), a connector (6), a sampler (7) and a contraction pipe (8). The columnar soil sampler with the scales, which is provided by the invention, is convenient to disassemble, assemble, carry and use. When the columnar soil sampler with the scales is in use, an individual rule is not provided necessarily. By utilizing the soil section sampler provided by the invention, a section is cut conveniently, and the collection of the section is more precise and uniform due to the scales at two ends.

Description

A kind of column soil sampler with scale
Technical field
The present invention relates to the column soil sampler.
Background technology
At present, the collection of column soil profile is that the guiding ruler amount is cut with skin knife after adopting half-round drill to drill through earth pillar, and have many problems in the time of still with dipstick metering: tape measure is too soft, is not easy to fix when cutting profile; Need move when the dark section of cutting with short ruler, cause cutting error to increase; Be inconvenient to again carry with long ruler, these several chis all are difficult for fixing in use, in case slide when using then directly the result is cut in influence, and need a people that chi is fixed on earth pillar one side in use, another person cuts with skin knife, be easy to cause the waste of manpower again of cutting profile uneven thickness, in addition, chi is lost also and can be caused very burden to sample collecting in the sampling process.These adverse effects all will cause lab analysis result's accuracy.(list of references: the integral type gouge is bored, the auspicious company of Beijing Heng Run standing grain, No. 1 emerging good fortune commercial building Room 308, Dingfuzhuang West Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing City; XDB0302 direct press type semicircle traverse drill, New land mark in Beijing soil equipment company limited, No. 9 science and engineering science and technology mansion Room 2303, ZhongGuanCun south Street, Haidian District, BeiJing City).
Summary of the invention
In order to address the deficiencies of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of column soil sampler with scale.
The composition of a kind of column soil sampler with scale provided by the invention comprises that handle 1, sleeve pipe 3, steady arm 4, connector 6, sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8 form;
Handle 1 is a pipe; Sleeve pipe 3 is a pipe, and the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle 1 is connected to sleeve pipe 3 upper ends; Support bar 4 is a pipe, the inside of sleeve pipe 3 is inserted in its upper end from the lower end of sleeve pipe 3, and, a rectangular protruding key 12 is arranged on the support bar 4 upper end outer tube walls, a rectangular recessed keyway 13 is also arranged on the inner tubal wall of sleeve pipe 3, and described rectangular key 12 places in the rectangular recessed keyway 13; After externally threaded circular standing screw 2 being arranged and female fixing threaded hole 9 on the sleeve pipe 3 matching, the tip of described standing screw 2 also places in the fixed orifice 10 on the circular support bar 4, thereby fastening sleeve pipe 3 and support bar 4; Connector 6 is a right cylinder, the lower end of support bar 4 is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector 6, have a semicircular sampler to embed blind groove 16 in the right cylinder of connector 6, and the cylindrical sidewall of connector 6 have a female fixing threaded hole 14;
The top of sampler 7 is semicircular pipe, a sampling thief fixed orifice 15 is arranged on the sidewall on this semicircular pipe top, this sampling thief fixed orifice 15 overlaps with the equal diameters and the center of circle of fixing threaded hole 14, scale all is carved with as rule 17 in sampler 7 semicircle pipe outer tube wall both sides, and the scale unit of rule 17 is 1mm;
After externally threaded circular standing screw 5 being arranged and female fixing threaded hole 14 cooperating, the top of described circular standing screw 5 places in the sampling thief fixed orifice 15, thereby the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler 7 is fixedlyed connected with the right cylinder of connector 6;
The bottom of sampler 7 be with the equal diameters of the semicircular pipe on top and be the collapsible tube 8 of the sealing of one; Collapsible tube 8 is the reverse frustoconic pipe, the equal diameters of the round tube of the last caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and the bottom of sampler 7 and being welded to connect, and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube 8 is thin than the caliber of upper end; Can guarantee that like this soil sample that obtained can landing;
By connector 6 lower surfaces to the semicircular pipe of the sampler 7 between the upper end of collapsible tube 8 is that soil sample is taken out section.The soil sample that is removed is arranged in this semicircular pipe.
The use of a kind of column soil sampler provided by the invention is dynamic: at first, a kind of column soil sampler with scale provided by the invention is assembled; The lower end of collapsible tube 8 is placed on the ground of soil layer of desire sampling, press down and rotary handle 1, after making the column soil sampler be deep into the soil depth of desire sampling, the column soil sampler is proposed ground, aim at sampling thief both sides scale with skin knife then, according to actual needs the soil layer of gathering is carried out certain thickness layering.
Can also unload sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8 down, bring back to the laboratory after the vanning respectively, carry out layering according to the scale on the rule 17 according to required with skin knife; Simultaneously, reinstall another sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8, get next sample.
Beneficial effect: a kind of column soil sampler with scale provided by the invention removes and installs and portably uses conveniently.Need not be equipped with independent chi during use.Utilize the convenient cutting to section of a kind of soil profile sampling thief provided by the invention, the two ends scale makes profile collection more accurate evenly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of soil sampler structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the profile of the I-I of soil sampler Fig. 1 of the present invention.Fig. 3 shows the fastening structural representation of sleeve pipe 3 and support bar 4 fixed orifice 10 by key 12, keyway 13, circular standing screw 2, fixing threaded hole 9, support bar 4.
Fig. 3 is the profile of the II-II of soil sampler Fig. 1 of the present invention.Fig. 4 shows that sampler 7 and connector 6 embed the fastening structural representation of blind groove 16, fixing threaded hole 14, sampling thief fixed orifice 15, circular standing screw 5 by sampler.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of A among soil sampler Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1 as shown in Figures 1 to 4, the composition of a kind of column soil sampler with scale provided by the invention comprises handle 1, sleeve pipe 3, steady arm 4, connector 6, sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8;
Handle 1 is a pipe; Sleeve pipe 3 is a pipe, and the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle 1 is connected to sleeve pipe 3 upper ends; Support bar 4 is a pipe, the inside of sleeve pipe 3 is inserted in its upper end from the lower end of sleeve pipe 3, and, a rectangular protruding key 12 is arranged on the support bar 4 upper end outer tube walls, a rectangular recessed keyway 13 is also arranged on the inner tubal wall of sleeve pipe 3, and described rectangular key 12 places in the rectangular recessed keyway 13; After externally threaded circular standing screw 2 being arranged and female fixing threaded hole 9 on the sleeve pipe 3 matching, the tip of described standing screw 2 also places in the fixed orifice 10 on the circular support bar 4, thereby fastening sleeve pipe 3 and support bar 4; Connector 6 is a right cylinder, the lower end of support bar 4 is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector 6, have a semicircular sampler to embed blind groove 16 in the right cylinder of connector 6, and the cylindrical sidewall of connector 6 have a female fixing threaded hole 14;
The top of sampler 7 is semicircular pipe, a sampling thief fixed orifice 15 is arranged on the sidewall on this semicircular pipe top, this sampling thief fixed orifice 15 overlaps with the equal diameters and the center of circle of fixing threaded hole 14, scale all is carved with as rule 17 in sampler 7 semicircle pipe outer tube wall both sides, and the scale unit of rule 17 is 1mm;
After externally threaded circular standing screw 5 being arranged and female fixing threaded hole 14 cooperating, the top of described circular standing screw 5 places in the sampling thief fixed orifice 15, thereby the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler 7 is fixedlyed connected with the right cylinder of connector 6;
The bottom of sampler 7 be with the equal diameters of the semicircular pipe on top and be the collapsible tube 8 of the sealing of one; Collapsible tube 8 is the reverse frustoconic pipe, the equal diameters of the round tube of the last caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and the bottom of sampler 7 and being welded to connect, and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube 8 is thin than the caliber of upper end; Can guarantee that like this soil sample that obtained can landing;
By connector 6 lower surfaces to the semicircular pipe of the sampler 7 between the upper end of collapsible tube 8 is that soil sample is taken out section.The soil sample that is removed is arranged in this semicircular pipe.
The use of a kind of column soil sampler provided by the invention is dynamic: at first, a kind of column soil sampler with scale provided by the invention is assembled; The lower end of collapsible tube 8 is placed on the ground of soil layer of desire sampling, press down and rotary handle 1, after making the column soil sampler be deep into the soil depth of desire sampling, the column soil sampler is proposed ground, aim at sampling thief both sides scale with skin knife then, according to actual needs the soil layer of gathering is carried out certain thickness layering.
Can also unload sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8 down, bring back to the laboratory after the vanning respectively, carry out layering according to the scale on the rule 17 according to required with skin knife; Simultaneously, reinstall another sampler 7 and collapsible tube 8, get next sample.
The concrete technical parameter of present embodiment is as follows: handle 1 length is 300mm, external diameter of pipe 30mm, wall thickness 2.5mm;
Standing screw 2 length are 40mm, and diameter is 7mm; Sleeve pipe 3 high 100mm, internal diameter 30mm; Wall thickness 10mm; Fixing threaded hole 9 diameters are 7mm, and the center of circle is from support bar 4 top 46.5mm; Support bar circular hole 10 diameters are 7mm; Key 12 is 100mm * 5mm * 5mm; Keyway 13 is 100mm * 5mm * 5mm; Support bar 4 length are 400mm, external diameter of pipe 30mm, wall thickness 2.5mm; Connector 6 is diameter 50mm, high 60mm, and there is sampler embedded groove 16 inside, and sidewall has fixing threaded hole 14, sampler embedded groove 16 is a semi-circular groove, groove depth 55mm, semicircle external diameter 50mm, thickness 1mm, fixing threaded hole 14 diameter 7mm, internal thread hole 14 distance of center circle connectors 5 upper end 20mm; Standing screw 5 length are 40mm, and diameter is 7mm; Sampler 7 length are 500mm, wall thickness 1.5mm, and external diameter 40mm, the semicircle length of tube of upper end is 490mm, the long 10mm of lower end pipe; Sampler fixed orifice 15 diameter 7mm, distance of center circle sampler 7 upper end 10mm; Collapsible tube 8 upper end external diameter 40mm, wall thickness 1.5mm, lower end external diameter 36mm, wall thickness 0.1-0.5mm, high 25mm.Rule 17, the distance of each little lattice is 1mm, the long 10mm of whole centimetre master calibration removes the long 5mm of all the other secondary scales of master calibration.

Claims (1)

1. the column soil sampler with scale is characterized in that, its composition comprises handle (1), sleeve pipe (3), steady arm (4), connector (6), sampler (7) and collapsible tube (8); Handle (1) is a pipe; Sleeve pipe (3) is a pipe, and the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle (1) is connected to sleeve pipe (3) upper end; Support bar (4) is a pipe, the inside of sleeve pipe (3) is inserted in its upper end from the lower end of sleeve pipe (3), and, on the outer tube wall of support bar (4) upper end a rectangular protruding key (12) is arranged, a rectangular recessed keyway (13) is also arranged on the inner tubal wall of sleeve pipe (3), and described rectangular key (12) places in the rectangular recessed keyway (13); After having the last female fixing threaded hole (9) of externally threaded circular standing screw (2) and sleeve pipe (3) to match, the tip of described standing screw (2) also places in the fixed orifice (10) on the circular support bar (4), thereby fastening sleeve pipe (3) and support bar (4); Connector (6) is a right cylinder, the lower end of support bar (4) is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector (6), have a semicircular sampler to embed blind groove (16) in the right cylinder of connector (6), and the cylindrical sidewall of connector (6) have a female fixing threaded hole (14); The top of sampler (7) is semicircular pipe, a sampling thief fixed orifice (15) is arranged on the sidewall on this semicircular pipe top, this sampling thief fixed orifice (15) overlaps with the equal diameters and the center of circle of fixing threaded hole (14), scale all is carved with as rule (17) in sampler (7) semicircle pipe outer tube wall both sides, and the unit scale of rule (17) is 1mm; After externally threaded circular standing screw (5) being arranged and female fixing threaded hole 14 cooperating, the top of described circular standing screw (5) places in the sampling thief fixed orifice (15), thereby the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler (7) is fixedlyed connected with the right cylinder of connector (6); The bottom of sampler (7) be with the equal diameters of the semicircular pipe on top and be the collapsible tube (8) of the sealing of one; Collapsible tube (8) is the reverse frustoconic pipe, the equal diameters of the round tube of the bottom of the last caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and sampler (7) and being welded to connect, and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube (8) is thin than the caliber of upper end; By connector (6) lower surface to the semicircular pipe of the sampler (7) between the upper end of collapsible tube (8) is that soil sample is taken out section.
CN2011100815418A 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 Columnar soil sampler with scales Pending CN102288449A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102937535A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-20 新疆天海腾惠科技股份有限公司 Portable multifunctional soil collector
CN102998143A (en) * 2012-04-06 2013-03-27 浙江大学 Sample collecting device for deep profile soil and gas
CN103063469A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-24 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Sampling device
CN103217315A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 北京林业大学 Foot extracting device for sand
CN103630426A (en) * 2012-08-23 2014-03-12 中国科学院海洋研究所 Rocking bar type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device and application method thereof
CN104634610A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-20 平顶山市质量技术监督检验测试中心 Soil sampling device
CN109352104A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-19 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of spark cutting sampler for in-service oil-gas pipeline outer wall small sample
CN110018023A (en) * 2018-01-09 2019-07-16 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Tank car Portable sealed sampler
CN110108512A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-08-09 辽宁石油化工大学 A kind of sampling measuring thickness device and method suitable for different spatial wax deposit in petroleum pipeline
CN111024547A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 深圳市华域环保科技有限公司 Method for detecting water content of clay material
CN113465979A (en) * 2021-06-21 2021-10-01 吴薇 Farmland environment soil condition monitoring system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1508528A (en) * 2002-12-17 2004-06-30 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Soil Sampling device
CN101482015A (en) * 2009-02-18 2009-07-15 北京林业大学 Root-soil drill integrated sampling instrument
CN201331440Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 北京林业大学 Soil sample stratified-sampling device and sleeve head
CN202057514U (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-11-30 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Columnar soil sampler with scales

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1508528A (en) * 2002-12-17 2004-06-30 中国科学院测量与地球物理研究所 Soil Sampling device
CN201331440Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 北京林业大学 Soil sample stratified-sampling device and sleeve head
CN101482015A (en) * 2009-02-18 2009-07-15 北京林业大学 Root-soil drill integrated sampling instrument
CN202057514U (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-11-30 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Columnar soil sampler with scales

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102998143A (en) * 2012-04-06 2013-03-27 浙江大学 Sample collecting device for deep profile soil and gas
CN103630426A (en) * 2012-08-23 2014-03-12 中国科学院海洋研究所 Rocking bar type spiral quantitative stratified sampling device and application method thereof
CN103630426B (en) * 2012-08-23 2016-03-02 中国科学院海洋研究所 Rocker-type spiral quantitative layered sampler and using method thereof
CN102937535B (en) * 2012-11-13 2015-10-07 新疆天海腾惠科技股份有限公司 Portable multifunctional soil collector
CN102937535A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-02-20 新疆天海腾惠科技股份有限公司 Portable multifunctional soil collector
CN103063469A (en) * 2012-12-27 2013-04-24 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Sampling device
CN103217315A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 北京林业大学 Foot extracting device for sand
CN104634610A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-20 平顶山市质量技术监督检验测试中心 Soil sampling device
CN110018023A (en) * 2018-01-09 2019-07-16 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Tank car Portable sealed sampler
CN109352104A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-19 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of spark cutting sampler for in-service oil-gas pipeline outer wall small sample
CN110108512A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-08-09 辽宁石油化工大学 A kind of sampling measuring thickness device and method suitable for different spatial wax deposit in petroleum pipeline
CN110108512B (en) * 2019-04-28 2021-09-24 辽宁石油化工大学 Sampling thickness measuring device and method suitable for wax deposits at different spatial positions in oil pipe
CN111024547A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 深圳市华域环保科技有限公司 Method for detecting water content of clay material
CN113465979A (en) * 2021-06-21 2021-10-01 吴薇 Farmland environment soil condition monitoring system

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Application publication date: 20111221