CN103624099A - Extrusion machine - Google Patents

Extrusion machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103624099A
CN103624099A CN201310691406.4A CN201310691406A CN103624099A CN 103624099 A CN103624099 A CN 103624099A CN 201310691406 A CN201310691406 A CN 201310691406A CN 103624099 A CN103624099 A CN 103624099A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressure ram
recipient
extruder
extrusion
travel switch
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310691406.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖林
刘钦
Original Assignee
佛山市南海新颂星机电科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 佛山市南海新颂星机电科技有限公司 filed Critical 佛山市南海新颂星机电科技有限公司
Priority to CN201310691406.4A priority Critical patent/CN103624099A/en
Publication of CN103624099A publication Critical patent/CN103624099A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an extrusion machine, which comprises a rack, a die, an extrusion barrel, a lifting extrusion rod, a movable feeding device and a power device, wherein the die and the extrusion barrel are arranged on the rack; the die is arranged at one end of the extrusion barrel in a way of clinging; a vertical guide rail is arranged on a movable beam; the extrusion rod is clamped on the vertical guide rail, slides up and down, and is arranged at the other end of the extrusion barrel in a way of clinging; the die is aligned with the center of the extrusion barrel; the lifting extrusion rod is aligned with the center of the extrusion barrel when descending to the lowest position; the lifting extrusion rod, an ingot feeder and a conveyor are connected with the power device. The extrusion machine is short in travel; a space for an ingot blank is not required to be reserved, and the extrusion rod upwards moves out of the center of the extrusion machine when an ingot is fed, and descends to the center of the extrusion machine after the ingot is fed to finish a feeding process, so that the size of the rack can be reduced, the travel of a main cylinder can be reduced, the cost can be lowered, and the rigidity of the extrusion machine is improved; fixed non-extrusion time is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved; the travel is shortened, high-pressure oil in the main cylinder is reduced, the boosting and pressure relief time is shortened, and the energy consumption is lowered.

Description

A kind of extruder
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aluminium section bar manufacturing and processing equipment, in particular a kind of extruder.
Background technology
In aluminium section bar process of manufacture, extruder is one of capital equipment, and it has very important effect in all kinds of aluminium section bar plants are produced.At present, the extrusion equipment being most widely used on market, be mainly take common long stroke, adopt manipulator from frame bottom, from bottom to top to send rod or be main extrusion equipment by hydraulic oil cylinder driving translation manipulator.But such extrusion equipment exists following shortcoming: cost is higher, space availability ratio is low, and non-extrusion cycle is longer, and production efficiency is difficult to improve, and energy resource consumption is larger, etc., can not meet production requirement.
Therefore, prior art has yet to be improved and developed.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of extruder, be intended to solve existing extruder cost high, space availability ratio is low, and production efficiency is low, the problem that energy resource consumption is large.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
An extruder, wherein, comprises frame, mould, recipient, lifting pressure ram, movable pay-off and power set, and described mould and recipient are all arranged in frame, and one end that mould is close to recipient arranges; In frame, be provided with walking beam, be provided with upright guide rail on walking beam, lifting pressure ram comprises pressure ram body and pressure ram slide block, and pressure ram body is fixed on pressure ram slide block, and pressure ram slide block is connected to upright guide rail and slides up and down; Lifting pressure ram is close to the other end setting of recipient; The center-aligned of described mould and recipient, when lifting pressure ram drops to extreme lower position and the center-aligned of recipient, leaves recipient center during rising; Described lifting pressure ram, send ingot device to be all connected with power set with conveyer.
Described extruder, wherein, described lifting pressure ram also comprises pressure ram fixed head, and described power set comprise slide block oil cylinder, and described pressure ram fixed head is arranged on walking beam, the moving position of restriction pressure ram body, pressure ram slide block is connected with slide block oil cylinder.
Described extruder, wherein, described lifting pressure ram also comprises crowded bar pressing plate, the first travel switch and locking cylinder, described crowded bar pressing plate is connected with pressure ram body, described the first travel switch is arranged on recipient, locking cylinder is connected with pressure ram fixed head, and the first travel switch is connected with locking cylinder.
Described extruder, wherein, described pressure ram body also comprises the first suggestion device, described the first suggestion device is connected with the first travel switch.
Described extruder, wherein, described locking cylinder arranges 4, squeezes 2 of bar pressing plates.
Described extruder, wherein, movable pay-off comprises base, feed appliance and pusher, described feed appliance and pusher are all arranged on base; Described feed appliance comprises carriage and conveying tooth bar, and pusher comprises drive sprocket, driving chain and push pedal, and described power set comprise carries motor and push rod motor; Described carriage is connected with carrying tooth bar, by carrying rack drives to move; Described drive sprocket and driving chain coordinate transmission, drive push pedal campaign; Described conveying motor is connected with carrying tooth bar, and push rod motor is connected with drive sprocket.
Described extruder, wherein, described movable pay-off also comprises the second travel switch, and described the second travel switch is arranged on recipient, and push rod motor is connected with the second travel switch.
Described extruder, wherein, described movable pay-off also comprises the second suggestion device, the second suggestion device is connected with the second travel switch.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention is by providing a kind of extruder, this extruder stroke is short, without being ingot blank headspace, ingot blank is delivered between recipient and walking beam, and while sending ingot, pressure ram upwards shifts out extruder center, and ingot blank is moved into extruder center, hand type send ingot device and chain roller to drive push pedal that ingot blank is pushed in recipient by motor, and rapidly manipulator is return to original position, pressure ram is dropped rapidly to extruder centre bit, thereby completes whole extruding feeding process.Can greatly shorten frame dimensions like this, reduce main-cylinder stroke, thereby reduced costs, and extruder rigidity is improved greatly; Reduced fixedly dead cycle time, enhanced productivity; Main-cylinder stroke shortens, and master cylinder inner high voltage oil is a large amount of to be reduced, boost, release time shorten, and Energy Intensity Reduction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of extruder in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of movable pay-off in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of lifting pressure ram in the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For making object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, clear and definite, referring to accompanying drawing, developing simultaneously, the present invention is described in more detail for embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, be the structural representation of extruder in the present invention.Described extruder comprises frame 100, mould, recipient 300, lifting pressure ram, movable pay-off and power set, and described mould and recipient 300 are all arranged in frame 100, and one end that mould is close to recipient 300 arranges; In frame 100, be provided with walking beam, on walking beam, be provided with upright guide rail, lifting pressure ram comprises pressure ram body 420 and pressure ram slide block 430, and pressure ram body 420 is fixed on pressure ram slide block 430, and pressure ram slide block 430 is connected to upright guide rail and slides up and down; Lifting pressure ram is close to the other end setting of recipient 300; The center-aligned of described mould and recipient 300, when lifting pressure ram drops to extreme lower position and the center-aligned of recipient 300, leaves recipient 300 centers during rising; Described lifting pressure ram, send ingot device to be all connected with power set with conveyer: power set drive pressure ram body 420 to rise, pressure ram body 420 and recipient 300 centers are not on same straight line, like this, just can vacate position and allow movable pay-off material loading; Power set drive activity pay-off is transported to recipient 300 places ingot blank, again in ingot blank propelling extrusion cylinder 300, movable pay-off is return original position, pressure ram body 420 declines, the center-aligned of pressure ram body 420 and recipient 300, pressure ram body 420 briquetting bases, recipient 300 limits ingot blank together with pressure ram body 420, after making ingot blank bear pressure, can only extrude from mould, complete extrusion molding.
As shown in Figure 3, described lifting pressure ram also comprises pressure ram fixed head 410, described power set comprise slide block oil cylinder 510, described pressure ram fixed head 410 is arranged on walking beam, for limiting the moving position of pressure ram body 420, pressure ram slide block 430 is connected with slide block oil cylinder 510: slide block oil cylinder 510 stretches out and drives 430 slips of pressure ram slide block to rise, and drives pressure ram body 420 to rise, and leaves recipient 300 centers; Slide block oil cylinder 510 is retracted, and drives pressure ram body 420 to decline, with the center-aligned of recipient 300.
While dropping to extreme lower position in order to ensure pressure ram body 420 automatically and the center-aligned of recipient 300, described lifting pressure ram also comprises crowded bar pressing plate, the first travel switch and locking cylinder, described crowded bar pressing plate is connected with pressure ram body 420, described the first travel switch is arranged on recipient 300, locking cylinder is connected with pressure ram fixed head 410, the first travel switch is connected with locking cylinder: when pressure ram body 420 drops to extreme lower position, by the first travel switch detect pressure ram body 420 whether with recipient 300 center-aligned, if alignment, locking cylinder locking pressure ram fixed head 410, squeeze bar pressing plate pressure ram body 420 is compressed to location, pressure ram body 420 pushes ingot blank then, if do not line up, pressure ram body 420 stops action, waits for that technical staff adjusts alignment.
If when pressure ram body 420 drops to extreme lower position not with recipient 300 center-aligned, can notify in time and adjust pressure ram body 420 positions, described pressure ram body 420 also comprises the first suggestion device, described the first suggestion device is connected with row the first travel switch: when the first travel switch detects pressure ram body 420 and drops to extreme lower position not with recipient 300 center-aligned, the first suggestion device action, prompting need to be adjusted pressure ram body 420 positions.
In order to guarantee that pressure ram body 420 does not rock when extruding is moved, guarantee extruding quality, in the present embodiment, described locking cylinder arranges 4, squeezes 2 of bar pressing plates.
As shown in Figure 2, described movable pay-off comprises base 660, feed appliance and pusher, and described feed appliance and pusher are all arranged on base 660; Described feed appliance comprises carriage 610 and conveying tooth bar 620, and pusher comprises drive sprocket 630, driving chain 640 and push pedal, and described power set comprise carries motor 520 and push rod motor 530; Described carriage 610 is connected with carrying tooth bar 620, by carrying tooth bar 620 to drive motion; Described drive sprocket 630 and driving chain 640 coordinate transmission, drive push pedal 630 motions; Described conveying motor 520 is connected with carrying tooth bar 620, push rod motor 530 is connected with drive sprocket 630: ingot blank is placed on carriage 610, carry motor 520 to drive and carry tooth bar 620 motions, thereby carriage 610 drives ingot blank to move to recipient 300 center-aligned, 530 actions of push rod motor drive drive sprocket 630 and drive sprocket 630 actions, thereby drive push pedal 630 motions, promote ingot blank and move in recipient 300 material courages, feeding has been moved.
In order to guarantee ingot blank, deliver to and recipient 300 center-aligned, described movable pay-off also comprises the second travel switch and the second suggestion device, described the second travel switch is arranged on recipient 300, the second suggestion device is connected with the second travel switch, push rod motor 530 is connected with the second travel switch: when the second travel switch detects ingot blank and recipient 300 center-aligned, and 530 actions of push rod motor; When the second travel switch detects ingot blank and recipient 300 centers and does not line up, the second suggestion device action, prompting need to be adjusted ingot blank position.
The motion process of this extruder is as follows: slide block oil cylinder 510 stretches out and drives 430 slips of pressure ram slide block to rise, and pressure ram slide block 430 rises and drives pressure ram bodies 420 to rise, and leaves recipient 300 centers; Ingot blank is placed on carriage 610, carry motor 520 to drive and carry tooth bar 620 motions, thereby carriage 610 drives ingot blank to move to recipient 300 center-aligned, 530 actions of push rod motor drive drive sprocket 630 and drive sprocket 630 actions, thereby drive push pedal 630 motions, promote ingot blank and move in recipient 300 material courages; Slide block oil cylinder 510 is retracted, and drives pressure ram body 420 to decline, with the center-aligned of recipient 300; Lifting pressure ram 400 extruding ingot blanks, recipient 300 limits ingot blank together with lifting pressure ram 400, can only extrude from mould 200 after making ingot blank bear pressure, completes extrusion molding.
This extruder stroke is short, without being ingot blank headspace, ingot blank is delivered between recipient and walking beam, while sending ingot, pressure ram upwards shifts out extruder center, ingot blank is moved into extruder center, and hand type send ingot device and chain roller to drive push pedal that ingot blank is pushed in recipient by motor, and rapidly manipulator is return to original position, pressure ram is dropped rapidly to extruder centre bit, thereby completes whole extruding feeding process.Can greatly shorten frame dimensions like this, reduce main-cylinder stroke, thereby reduced costs, and extruder rigidity is improved greatly; Reduced fixedly dead cycle time, enhanced productivity; Main-cylinder stroke shortens, and master cylinder inner high voltage oil is a large amount of to be reduced, boost, release time shorten, and Energy Intensity Reduction.
Should be understood that, application of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned giving an example, and for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or convert, and all these improvement and conversion all should belong to the protection domain of claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. an extruder, is characterized in that, comprises frame, mould, recipient, lifting pressure ram, movable pay-off and power set, and described mould and recipient are all arranged in frame, and one end that mould is close to recipient arranges; In frame, be provided with walking beam, be provided with upright guide rail on walking beam, lifting pressure ram comprises pressure ram body and pressure ram slide block, and pressure ram body is fixed on pressure ram slide block, and pressure ram slide block is connected to upright guide rail and slides up and down; Lifting pressure ram is close to the other end setting of recipient; The center-aligned of described mould and recipient, when lifting pressure ram drops to extreme lower position and the center-aligned of recipient, leaves recipient center during rising; Described lifting pressure ram, send ingot device to be all connected with power set with conveyer.
2. extruder according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described lifting pressure ram also comprises pressure ram fixed head, described power set comprise slide block oil cylinder, described pressure ram fixed head is arranged on walking beam, the moving position of restriction pressure ram body, and pressure ram slide block is connected with slide block oil cylinder.
3. extruder according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described lifting pressure ram also comprises crowded bar pressing plate, the first travel switch and locking cylinder, described crowded bar pressing plate is connected with pressure ram body, described the first travel switch is arranged on recipient, locking cylinder is connected with pressure ram fixed head, and the first travel switch is connected with locking cylinder.
4. extruder according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described pressure ram body also comprises the first suggestion device, and described the first suggestion device is connected with the first travel switch.
5. extruder according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described locking cylinder arranges 4, squeezes 2 of bar pressing plates.
6. extruder according to claim 1, is characterized in that, movable pay-off comprises base, feed appliance and pusher, and described feed appliance and pusher are all arranged on base; Described feed appliance comprises carriage and conveying tooth bar, and pusher comprises drive sprocket, driving chain and push pedal, and described power set comprise carries motor and push rod motor; Described carriage is connected with carrying tooth bar, by carrying rack drives to move; Described drive sprocket and driving chain coordinate transmission, drive push pedal campaign; Described conveying motor is connected with carrying tooth bar, and push rod motor is connected with drive sprocket.
7. extruder according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described movable pay-off also comprises the second travel switch, and described the second travel switch is arranged on recipient, and push rod motor is connected with the second travel switch.
8. extruder according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described movable pay-off also comprises the second suggestion device, and the second suggestion device is connected with the second travel switch.
CN201310691406.4A 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 Extrusion machine CN103624099A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104138916A (en) * 2014-07-20 2014-11-12 苏州塔可盛电子科技有限公司 Push-pull mechanical hand of raw ingot mold
CN105268754A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-27 无锡市威特机械有限公司 Limiting rod device used for extruder
CN105583248A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 黎永伦 Novel movable cross beam of extruder
CN105598417A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-25 苏州三基铸造装备股份有限公司 Extruder injection-table lifting device
CN106180234A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 佛山市业精机械制造有限公司 A kind of low speed aluminum section extruder
CN106851957A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-06-13 中国原子能科学研究院 It is a kind of to squeeze swollen device for preparing the target piece of irradiation uranium foil target part
CN109663829A (en) * 2019-02-16 2019-04-23 张帝 A kind of accurate aluminum profiles extrusion formation equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101326021A (en) * 2005-12-12 2008-12-17 宇部兴产机械株式会社 Stem slide device
CN201579296U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-09-15 一重集团大连设计研究院有限公司 Extruder feeder
CN202037199U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-16 昆山捷安特轻合金科技有限公司 Anti-receding mechanism of punching center of extruder
CN102652040A (en) * 2009-12-14 2012-08-29 宇部兴产机械株式会社 Extrusion press
CN203711508U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-16 佛山市南海新颂星机电科技有限公司 Extruding machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101326021A (en) * 2005-12-12 2008-12-17 宇部兴产机械株式会社 Stem slide device
CN102652040A (en) * 2009-12-14 2012-08-29 宇部兴产机械株式会社 Extrusion press
CN201579296U (en) * 2009-12-30 2010-09-15 一重集团大连设计研究院有限公司 Extruder feeder
CN202037199U (en) * 2011-03-25 2011-11-16 昆山捷安特轻合金科技有限公司 Anti-receding mechanism of punching center of extruder
CN203711508U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-16 佛山市南海新颂星机电科技有限公司 Extruding machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104138916A (en) * 2014-07-20 2014-11-12 苏州塔可盛电子科技有限公司 Push-pull mechanical hand of raw ingot mold
CN105268754A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-01-27 无锡市威特机械有限公司 Limiting rod device used for extruder
CN105583248A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 黎永伦 Novel movable cross beam of extruder
CN105598417A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-25 苏州三基铸造装备股份有限公司 Extruder injection-table lifting device
CN106180234A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 佛山市业精机械制造有限公司 A kind of low speed aluminum section extruder
CN106851957A (en) * 2017-01-03 2017-06-13 中国原子能科学研究院 It is a kind of to squeeze swollen device for preparing the target piece of irradiation uranium foil target part
CN109663829A (en) * 2019-02-16 2019-04-23 张帝 A kind of accurate aluminum profiles extrusion formation equipment
CN109663829B (en) * 2019-02-16 2020-05-29 淮北市君意达金属科技有限责任公司 Precision aluminum profile extrusion forming equipment

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Effective date of abandoning: 20170503