CN103591682A - High-effect low-emission water boiler - Google Patents

High-effect low-emission water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103591682A
CN103591682A CN201310609566.XA CN201310609566A CN103591682A CN 103591682 A CN103591682 A CN 103591682A CN 201310609566 A CN201310609566 A CN 201310609566A CN 103591682 A CN103591682 A CN 103591682A
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chamber
storehouse
cavity
water boiler
communicated
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CN201310609566.XA
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CN103591682B (en
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郑宗标
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郑宗标
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The invention relates to a water boiler, in particular to a high-effect low-emission water boiler which comprises a casing and an inner cavity formed in the casing. A water jacket is arranged between the casing and the inner cavity, a horizontal pipe is arranged in the inner cavity, the two ends of the horizontal pipe penetrate through the cavity wall of the inner cavity to be communicated with the water jacket, a lateral air cabin is formed in the water jacket, the lateral air cabin is communicated with the inner cavity through an air pipe, the position where the air pipe is connected with the inner cavity is arranged under the horizontal pipe, a lower air cabin is arranged under the lateral air cabin and the inner cavity, the upper end of the lower air cabin is communicated with the lateral air cabin, and the lower end of the lower air cabin is connected with an air blower. The water boiler is reasonable in structure, full in combustion, high in thermal efficiency, small in environmental pollution, capable of using various solid combustible materials of coal, straw particles, plastic foam and the like as fuel, capable of enabling the combustible materials to be fully combusted, capable of keeping thermal energy in the water jacket and capable of avoiding environmental pollution.

Description

High-effect low emission hot-water boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hot-water boiler, specifically a kind of high-effect low emission hot-water boiler.
Background technology
The heat that existing hot-water boiler utilization utilizes coal or other solid fuel ignitions to produce heats water, because coal burning is insufficient and the not high reason of heat exchange efficiency, this solid fuel fired boiler causes very large environmental pollution and energy waste, has become the object of environmental administration's keypoint treatment.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, high-effect low emission hot-water boiler that the thermal efficiency is high, low in the pollution of the environment.
The present invention is that the technical scheme that technical solution problem adopts is: high-effect low emission hot-water boiler of the present invention comprises housing and is arranged on the inner chamber in housing, between housing and inner chamber, be provided with water jacket, in inner chamber, be provided with transverse tube, the two ends of described transverse tube are communicated with water jacket through the chamber wall of inner chamber, in water jacket, be provided with crosswind storehouse, described crosswind storehouse is communicated with inner chamber by airduct, the position that described airduct connects inner chamber be positioned at transverse tube below, below crosswind storehouse and inner chamber, be provided with leeward storehouse, the upper end in leeward storehouse is communicated with crosswind storehouse, the lower end in leeward storehouse connects air blast.
Many airduct layering settings from top to bottom, the diameter that is positioned at the airduct on upper strata is less than the diameter of lower floor's airduct.
Described inner chamber is rectangular cavities, leeward storehouse is around being arranged on inner chamber around, the lower end of inner chamber is provided with seal base, below seal base, be fixedly connected with heat radiation wind deflector, a plurality of heat radiation wind deflectors be arranged in parallel, described a plurality of heat radiation wind deflector is from the exhaust outlet of air blast by being arranged in order to distant place nearby, and the height of heat radiation wind deflector is by reducing gradually to distant place nearby.
In the upper end of inner chamber, be communicated with the tabacco barn of turning back, described in the tabacco barn lower end of turning back be provided with the mouth that enters of communication with cavity, the upper end of the tabacco barn of turning back is provided with exhaust opening, on the inwall of tabacco barn of turning back, is provided with smoke deflector, described smoke deflector is entering between mouth and exhaust opening.
Described inner chamber comprise be fitted with airduct lower chamber, the upper cavity of transverse tube is installed, two upper cavities that are set up in parallel are above positioned at the upper end of same lower chamber.
Owing to having adopted said structure, this high-effect low emission hot water boiler structure rationally, sufficient combustion, the thermal efficiency be high, low in the pollution of the environment, can use the many kinds of solids combustibles such as coal, stalk particle, plastic foam as fuel, promote that combustible fully burns, and heat energy is stayed in water jacket, avoid the pollution to environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the front sectional structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1 embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the side sectional structure schematic diagram with the tabacco barn of turning back.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of another embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of another embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As shown in drawings, usefulness hot-water boiler of the present invention comprises housing 1 and is arranged on the inner chamber 2 in housing 1, and housing 1 can be that as shown in Figure 1 square can be also circle as shown in Figure 5.Between housing 1 and inner chamber 2, be provided with water jacket 3, be provided with transverse tube 4 in inner chamber 2, the two ends of described transverse tube 4 are communicated with water jacket 3 through the chamber wall of inner chamber 2, are provided with crosswind storehouse 5 in water jacket 2, and described crosswind storehouse 5 is communicated with inner chamber 2 by airduct 6.As shown in Figure 2, the inwall of housing 1 can be close in crosswind storehouse 5, also can leave the inwall of housing 1, in order to improve the thermal efficiency, the outer wall of inner chamber 2 at least can not be close in crosswind storehouse 5, leave certain distance with the outer wall of inner chamber 2, makes between the two with certain thickness water layer.The position that described airduct 6 connects inner chambers 2 be positioned at transverse tube 4 below, crosswind storehouse 5 and inner chamber 2 below, be provided with leeward storehouse 7, the upper end in leeward storehouse 7 is communicated with crosswind storehouse 5, the lower end connection air blast 8 in leeward storehouse 7.
During use, the alee interior air blast in storehouse 7 of air blast 8, new wind enters crosswind storehouse 5 by leeward storehouse 7, then blows into inner chamber 2 by airduct 6, from the inwall of inner chamber 2, to center, dries, and plays the effect of oxygen enriching burning-aid.New wind in by crosswind storehouse 5 and airduct 6 with water jacket around in water heat exchange, improve temperature and the flow velocity of wind, be more conducive to combustion-supporting.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, many airduct 6 layering settings from top to bottom, the diameter that is positioned at the airduct 6 on upper strata is less than the diameter of lower floor's airduct 6.
Described inner chamber 2 is rectangular cavities, leeward storehouse 7 is around being arranged on inner chamber 2 around, leeward storehouse 7 can be looped around the surrounding of inner chamber 2 ringwise, also an independently leeward storehouse 7 can be respectively set as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3 in the both sides of inner chamber 2, or three in rectangular inner cavity 2 arrange leeward storehouse 7, stay one side that fire door is set.The lower end of inner chamber 2 is provided with seal base 21, below seal base 21, be fixedly connected with heat radiation wind deflector 22, a plurality of heat radiation wind deflectors 22 be arranged in parallel, described a plurality of heat radiation wind deflector 22 is from the exhaust outlet of air blast 8 by being arranged in order to distant place nearby, and the height of heat radiation wind deflector 22 is by reducing gradually to distant place nearby.Heat radiation wind deflector 22 can guide new wind to flow in order on the one hand, the heat of seal base 21 can be directed in leeward storehouse 7 again on the other hand, improves the temperature at 7 air inlet places, leeward storehouse, contributes to oxygen enriching burning-aid.
As shown in Figure 3, upper end at inner chamber 2 is communicated with the tabacco barn 9 of turning back, what described tabacco barn 9 lower ends of turning back were provided with communication with cavity 2 enters mouth 91, the turn back upper end of tabacco barn 9 is provided with exhaust opening 92, on the inwall of tabacco barn 9 of turning back, be provided with smoke deflector 93, described smoke deflector 93 is entering between mouth 91 and exhaust opening 92, smoke deflector 93 can be fixedly connected on upper wall or the lower wall of the tabacco barn 9 of turning back, flue gas can be advanced by reciprocating and turning-back at the tabacco barn 9 of turning back, reduce as far as possible the speed of air-flow, the solid particulate matter in tail gas is precipitated.The tabacco barn 9 of turning back can further reduce the flowing velocity of smoke evacuation, and the dust in tail gas is precipitated, as long as take off the tabacco barn 9 of turning back when clearing up cigarette ash, pours out dust wherein.
As shown in Figure 4, as an alternative embodiment of the invention, described inner chamber 2 comprises and is fitted with the upper end that the lower chamber 28 of airduct 6,29, two upper cavities that are set up in parallel above 29 of upper cavity that transverse tube 4 is installed are positioned at same lower chamber 28.Be about to a plurality of upper cavities 29 and be set up in parallel, between each upper cavity 29, by water layer interval, can form like this boiler of larger capacity, more save fuel, improve the thermal efficiency.
For the ease of throwing in fuel, on the sidewall of inner chamber 2, be provided with fire door 27, during use, by fire door 27, fuel is placed on the seal base 21 of inner chamber 2 lower ends, after lighting, close fire door 27, during fuel combustion, airduct 6 is from combustion-supporting to radial outflow around, and the hot gas after burning rises and by entering mouth 91, enters the tabacco barn 9 of turning back with transverse tube 4 heat exchange later, through natural subsidence, most of dust is stayed and turned back in tabacco barn 9, tail gas is discharged by exhaust opening 92.

Claims (5)

1. high-effect low emission hot-water boiler, comprise housing (1) and be arranged on the inner chamber (2) in housing (1), between housing (1) and inner chamber (2), be provided with water jacket (3), in inner chamber (2), be provided with transverse tube (4), the two ends of described transverse tube (4) are communicated with water jacket (3) through the chamber wall of inner chamber (2), it is characterized in that: in water jacket (2), be provided with crosswind storehouse (5), described crosswind storehouse (5) is communicated with inner chamber (2) by airduct (6), the position that described airduct (6) connects inner chamber (2) be positioned at transverse tube (4) below, below crosswind storehouse (5) and inner chamber (2), be provided with leeward storehouse (7), the upper end in leeward storehouse (7) is communicated with crosswind storehouse (5), the lower end in leeward storehouse (7) connects air blast (8).
2. high-effect low emission hot-water boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: many airducts (6) layering setting from top to bottom, the diameter that is positioned at the airduct (6) on upper strata is less than the diameter of lower floor's airduct (6).
3. high-effect low emission hot-water boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described inner chamber (2) is rectangular cavities, leeward storehouse (7) is around being arranged on inner chamber (2) around, the lower end of inner chamber (2) is provided with seal base (21), below seal base (21), be fixedly connected with heat radiation wind deflector (22), a plurality of heat radiation wind deflectors (22) be arranged in parallel, described a plurality of heat radiation wind deflectors (22) are from the exhaust outlet of air blast (8) by being arranged in order to distant place nearby, and the height of heat radiation wind deflector (22) is by reducing gradually to distant place nearby.
4. high-effect low emission hot-water boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the upper end at inner chamber (2) is communicated with the tabacco barn (9) of turning back, what the described tabacco barn of turning back (9) lower end was provided with communication with cavity (2) enters mouth (91), the turn back upper end of tabacco barn (9) is provided with exhaust opening (92), on the inwall of the tabacco barn of turning back (9), be provided with smoke deflector (93), described smoke deflector (93) is positioned at between mouth (91) and exhaust opening (92).
5. high-effect low emission hot-water boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described inner chamber (2) comprise be fitted with airduct (6) lower chamber (28), the upper cavity (29) of transverse tube (4) is installed, two upper cavities that are set up in parallel above (29) are positioned at the upper end of same lower chamber (28).
CN201310609566.XA 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 High-effect low-emission water boiler Active CN103591682B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310609566.XA CN103591682B (en) 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 High-effect low-emission water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310609566.XA CN103591682B (en) 2013-11-27 2013-11-27 High-effect low-emission water boiler

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CN103591682A true CN103591682A (en) 2014-02-19
CN103591682B CN103591682B (en) 2016-01-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823075A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-03 中山普瑞玛实业有限公司 Hybrid air distribution device, having reburning technology, of modular boiler
CN105953260A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-21 中山普瑞玛实业有限公司 High-efficiency centralized air inducing and distributing system for modular furnace

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07111272B2 (en) * 1991-05-01 1995-11-29 英夫 森 Water heater
JPH08114318A (en) * 1994-10-18 1996-05-07 Nippon Steel Corp Preheating method of air for incinerator
CN2293028Y (en) * 1996-12-04 1998-09-30 高志 Energy-saving hot-water and boiling-water boiler
CN1239214A (en) * 1998-06-15 1999-12-22 刘向东 High efficient gas boiler
EP2042821A2 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-01 Robert Bosch GmbH Heat exchanger
CN201463236U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-12 王永青 High-efficiency environment-protection atmospheric pressure hot water boiler
CN101832641A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-15 贺金泉 Efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler
CN202813752U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-20 龙锁柱 Horizontal flue induced air combustion-supporting return normal-pressure heating coal stove

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07111272B2 (en) * 1991-05-01 1995-11-29 英夫 森 Water heater
JPH08114318A (en) * 1994-10-18 1996-05-07 Nippon Steel Corp Preheating method of air for incinerator
CN2293028Y (en) * 1996-12-04 1998-09-30 高志 Energy-saving hot-water and boiling-water boiler
CN1239214A (en) * 1998-06-15 1999-12-22 刘向东 High efficient gas boiler
EP2042821A2 (en) * 2007-09-28 2009-04-01 Robert Bosch GmbH Heat exchanger
CN201463236U (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-05-12 王永青 High-efficiency environment-protection atmospheric pressure hot water boiler
CN101832641A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-15 贺金泉 Efficient non-pressure hot water-steam dual-purpose boiler
CN202813752U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-20 龙锁柱 Horizontal flue induced air combustion-supporting return normal-pressure heating coal stove

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105823075A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-03 中山普瑞玛实业有限公司 Hybrid air distribution device, having reburning technology, of modular boiler
CN105953260A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-21 中山普瑞玛实业有限公司 High-efficiency centralized air inducing and distributing system for modular furnace
CN105823075B (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-03-30 广东普瑞玛实业有限公司 A kind of module furnace mixing air distribution device
CN105953260B (en) * 2016-05-11 2018-06-29 广东普瑞玛实业有限公司 A kind of the efficient of module furnace concentrates air inducing blowing system

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