CN103588463A - Drought-resistant vegetation brick manufactured from sludge or biogas residue and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Drought-resistant vegetation brick manufactured from sludge or biogas residue and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103588463A
CN103588463A CN201210298611.XA CN201210298611A CN103588463A CN 103588463 A CN103588463 A CN 103588463A CN 201210298611 A CN201210298611 A CN 201210298611A CN 103588463 A CN103588463 A CN 103588463A
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
vegetation
mud
natural pond
pond slag
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CN201210298611.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘贤发
阮福泉
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刘贤发
阮福泉
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Application filed by 刘贤发, 阮福泉 filed Critical 刘贤发
Priority to CN201210298611.XA priority Critical patent/CN103588463A/en
Publication of CN103588463A publication Critical patent/CN103588463A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a drought-resistant vegetation brick manufactured from sludge or a biogas residue and a manufacturing method thereof. The structure of the drought-resistant vegetation brick comprises a brick body and a brick cover; the brick body is provided with a cavity, the bottom of the brick body is provided with a plurality of blind holes with downward small openings, and the cavity of the brick body is filled with a mixed powder of a decomposed organic fertilizer, sandy soil of a vegetation land, soil and a water-absorption and water-retaining agent; the brick cover is provided with a hole, and stone paper at the lower end surface of the brick cover can prevent loss of the powder in transportation; through the hole in the brick cover, water is injected into the cavity of the brick body and a sapling or seed is planted into cavity of the brick body; the effects of thermal insulation and reduction in moisture evaporation are obtained, and the recessed surface of the brick cover collects rainwater. The brick body and the brick cover can be processed into a variety of specifications and shapes and can be slowly degraded into an organic fertilizer and soil components by fungi when buried in sand, thereby improving physical and chemical properties of sandy soil and improving water retention capability of sandy soil and the survival rate of vegetation plants. Desertification control is a huge and long lasting project; the brick in the invention also provides a new approach for resourceful utilization of fresh sludge of an urban sewage treatment plant or for a fresh biogas residue produced in production of biogas from sludge.

Description

A kind of drought resisting vegetation brick and making method of making of mud or natural pond slag
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fresh mud with city domestic sewage treatment plant or be that major ingredient is made with the fresh natural pond slag that mud producing methane produces, there is drought resisting vegetation brick of drought-resistant water-preserving and improvement vegetation sand bed function and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Global warming, impels Desertification to be on the rise, and major control method is energy-conservation, reduction of discharging, low-carbon environment-friendly and planting trees and grass.But afforestation vegetation in the desertification area of drought or desert, water and organic matter are the important steps of vegetation project, and existing sand control vegetation method efficiency is low, and speed is slow; The modular tile having occurred, greening brick can biological degradation have the effect of improvement to vegetation sand bed, often do not reach expected effect.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of can be in arid, the serious area of desertifying, i.e. it is the drought resisting vegetation brick that major ingredient is made with mud or natural pond slag that water saving can be transformed again high a kind of of sand bed structure, vegetation surviving rate.The natural pond slag resource utilization application that the mud of Bing Wei city domestic sewage treatment plant and mud producing methane produce provides a novel method.
The present invention utilizes in unfermentable mud or natural pond slag and is rich in the cohesive action that polymeric flocculant has, mud, zeolite granular, humic acids, magnesium oxide are bonded together, after mold pressing natural air drying, its intensity is fired front intensity higher than the husky brick of soil, and carrying can not damage; In long-term wet environment, slowly deliquescing is also biodegradable gradually, becomes nutritive substance in vegetation sand bed, changes the physicochemical character of vegetation sand bed, and the housing of brick body is square, cylindrical, Polygons.Frowziness.Humic acids is that mushroom is bred growth-promoting agent, and magnesium oxide is the toughener of brick body 1 and brick lid 4, can be as the photosynthetic promotor of vegetation after brick body 1 and the 4 degraded dispersions of brick lid.
Accompanying drawing 2 is that the invention process vegetation is imbedded the growth schematic diagram in sand.
Implementation method
The present invention: brick body 1 and brick cover the fresh mud of 4 Shi Yong municipal sewage plants or fresh natural pond slag (the water ratio 60%-65% producing with mud producing methane, also claim dewatered sludge, dry natural pond slag or fresh mud, fresh natural pond slag) and zeolite granular, humic acids, magnesium oxide 5: 3: 1 by weight: 1 is preferably: 5: 3: 1.3: 0.7 ratio mixes and makes organic and inorganic composite brick material (water ratio 30%-33%), then makes through mold pressing is air-dry.The fertilizer that becomes thoroughly decomposed, vegetation ground sandy soil, loam and water-absorbing water-retaining agent are housed 2: 6: 1.9 by weight in brick body cavity 3: 0.1 proportioning mixes makes powder 8.The small blind hole 9 of a plurality of mouth downs is arranged at the bottom of brick body 1, and the wall of blind hole upper end is thinner can be softened in a humid environment gradually.Its effect has 3 points: the one, and the mixed powder 8 while preventing from carrying in cavity 3 scatters and disappears; The 2nd, prevent in vegetation construction, to priming charge in brick body, flow into sand bed; The 3rd: for root system of plant stretches the pre-opened hole of making to sand bed depths.The upper end of brick body 1 is brick lid 4, and brick lid 4 has implantation hole 5 and collects the recessed inclined-plane 6 of rainwater, and stone paper 7 is pasted in the lower surface of implantation hole.The effect of stone paper has 2 points: in first transportation, prevent that the mixed powder in brick body cavity scatters and disappears; It two first cuts * mouth by it with dedicated tool while being vegetation operation, implants seed or sapling from * mouth, pours water, covers sand, and the operation of a drought resisting vegetation brick completes.Stone paper can play again and intercepts moisture and cover husky contacting, and reduces scattering and disappearing of the interior moisture of brick body cavity.Can also play insulation and reduce water simultaneously
Being described with reference to the accompanying drawings design of the present invention: Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Design of the present invention is: the fresh natural pond slag that utilizes the unleavened fresh mud of city domestic sewage treatment plant or produce with mud producing methane, and zeolite granular, humic acids, magnesium oxide after sufficiently mixing mold pressing is made the brick body 1 that upper end open has cavity, peace is towards central concave and have the brick of planting hole to cover 4, the blind hole 9 of a plurality of little mouth downs is arranged at the bottom of brick body 1, blind hole upper end can be softened gradually after compared with Bao Yushui and is convenient to root system and stretches and go deep into sand bed depths downwards, the external frame of brick has several grooves 2 that longitudinally do not connect, object is that the rigidity intensity that strengthens brick body can increase again while being convenient to rainfall with the contact area of sand bed and drinks up the rain.The mixed powder 8 of the interior splendid attire fertilizer of brick body cavity 3, vegetation ground sandy soil, loam and water-absorbing water-retaining agent, brick lid 4 is comprised of two of symmetry, above 6 be to central concave and be convenient to collect rainwater, flow into the cavity of brick body 1, the sticky note of stone paper 7 for the lower transverse plane in hole, prevents that powder 8 scatters and disappears in carrying.
Brick body 1 and brick cover the fresh mud of 4 Shi Yong city domestic sewage treatment plants or the fresh natural pond slag producing with mud producing methane and zeolite granular, humic acids, magnesium oxide 5: 3: 1 by weight: 1 ratio, through fully mixing, form after the organic and inorganic composite brick material of water ratio 32%~35%, then through mold pressing, air-dry making.Brick body 1 and brick lid 4 can supply trees, flowers and plants to absorb after containing more than 15%~20% organic matter and abundant nutritive element degraded; Also can change the physicochemical character of vegetation sand bed, be conducive to survival, the procreation of useful mushroom simultaneously; Can improve vegetation sand bed water-holding power, more be conducive to the survival of vegetation.Middle the * shape cut hole of the stone paper 7 that paste the lower surface of brick lid 4 for water filling, implant sapling or seed and minimizing moisture and evaporate and design.* shape cut hole is to use for the special tool of * shape blade implementing to plant trees, plant careless scene and disclose out.
Zeolite granular in brick body is that aggregate is again kupramite and reodorant, so brick body can not divide the effect of evaporation, after seed germination, can from * shape cut hole, get out.
Utilize the present invention in desert or the serious area of desertifying plants trees, plants before grass should be selected rainy season and the present invention imbedded in the sand pit of digging in 30-40 days, from * shape cut hole, fill with sufficient moisture, imbed sapling or seed, then cover tree planting or the construction of kind grass that skim sandy soil complete a brick body.Because brick body 1 and brick lid 4 is that mud or natural pond slag are that major ingredient is made, they itself contain a certain amount of flocculation agent, this material has very strong water-retaining capacity and cohesive force, so, processing brick body is without using the binding agents such as cement, lime, meanwhile, thisly with the drought resisting vegetation brick that mud or natural pond slag are made, imbed powder 8 in sand bed brick body cavity and can suction priming charge and divide, in 40-50 days for vegetation slowly provides moisture.Rainy season is when arrive, sapling or seed in brick body germinate and take root, and brick body also can soften gradually, by mushroom degraded, be become organic nutrient substance and soil, can improve the water-holding power of vegetation sand bed, improve the physicochemical character of vegetation sand bed, vegetation just can long-term surviving.

Claims (7)

1. a drought resisting vegetation brick of making of mud or natural pond slag, its constitutional features is: brick body (1) is cavity, the small blind hole (9) of a plurality of mouth downs is arranged at bottom, the mixed powder (8) of the interior splendid attire fertilizer of cavity (3), sandy soil, loam and the water-absorbing water-retaining agent of brick body (1), there is brick lid (4) upper end of brick body (1), the You Zhi hole, centre (5) of brick lid (4), above (6) be spill, the lower transverse plane of lid posts stone paper (7).
2. a kind of drought resisting vegetation brick of making of mud or natural pond slag according to claim 1, be further characterized in that: brick body (1) and brick lid (4) is to take the organic and inorganic composite brick material that mud or natural pond slag make as auxiliary material mixes as aggregate, humic acids, magnesium oxide as major ingredient, zeolite granular, then air-dry making after compression molding, can in wet environment, slowly soften, be degraded by microorganisms, become the nutritive ingredient in vegetation sand bed.
3. a kind of drought resisting vegetation brick of making of mud or natural pond slag according to claim 1, it can be square, cylindrical, Polygons that brick body (1) and brick cover (4).
4. a kind of drought resisting vegetation brick of making of mud or natural pond slag according to claim 1, wherein zeolite granular is the aggregate of brick body (1) and brick lid (4) the suction ammonia reodorant of holding concurrently again, can make brick body odorless.
5. a kind of drought resisting vegetation with mud or the making of natural pond slag according to claim 2 turns, its making method is characterised in that: major ingredient mud or natural pond slag are without the fresh mud of fermentative processing or fresh natural pond slag, water ratio 60%~65%, organic content 40%~45% (butt).
6. organic-inorganic-composite brick material according to claim 2, the proportioning of its making be take weight part: mud or natural pond slag: zeolite granular: humic acids: magnesia powder as: 5: 3: 1: 1 is preferably: 5: 3: 1.3: 0.7.
7. according to claim 1 a kind ofly turn with the drought resisting vegetation that mud or natural pond slag are made, in its cavity, the making proportioning of the mixed powder 8 of splendid attire be take weight part: fertilizer: sandy soil: loam: water-absorbing water-retaining agent is 2: 6: 1.9: 0.1.
CN201210298611.XA 2012-08-14 2012-08-14 Drought-resistant vegetation brick manufactured from sludge or biogas residue and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN103588463A (en)

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CN201210298611.XA CN103588463A (en) 2012-08-14 2012-08-14 Drought-resistant vegetation brick manufactured from sludge or biogas residue and manufacturing method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104119067A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-10-29 新密市环新生活垃圾处理有限公司 Biogas residue sintered brick and preparation method thereof
CN105613018A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-01 卢璟豪 Sludge planting block for deserts and desert planting method
CN109455990A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-03-12 贵州安凯达实业股份有限公司 It is a kind of to recycle construction refuse regenerated water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN110894146A (en) * 2018-08-22 2020-03-20 沈阳东源环境科技有限公司 Sludge plate brick and preparation method and application thereof
CN111362652A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-03 山东祥桓环境科技有限公司 Grass planting sand-fixing brick, preparation method and application thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104119067A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-10-29 新密市环新生活垃圾处理有限公司 Biogas residue sintered brick and preparation method thereof
CN105613018A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-06-01 卢璟豪 Sludge planting block for deserts and desert planting method
CN105613018B (en) * 2016-02-23 2019-01-01 卢璟豪 Desert sludge seeding block and desert planting method
CN110894146A (en) * 2018-08-22 2020-03-20 沈阳东源环境科技有限公司 Sludge plate brick and preparation method and application thereof
CN109455990A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-03-12 贵州安凯达实业股份有限公司 It is a kind of to recycle construction refuse regenerated water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
CN111362652A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-03 山东祥桓环境科技有限公司 Grass planting sand-fixing brick, preparation method and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20140219