CN103583150B - Hand-held rape cutter-rower - Google Patents

Hand-held rape cutter-rower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103583150B
CN103583150B CN201310551815.4A CN201310551815A CN103583150B CN 103583150 B CN103583150 B CN 103583150B CN 201310551815 A CN201310551815 A CN 201310551815A CN 103583150 B CN103583150 B CN 103583150B
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China
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rape
belt
cutter
hand
held
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CN201310551815.4A
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CN103583150A (en
Inventor
廖庆喜
陈传节
廖宜涛
丁幼春
汲文峰
王磊
李磊
黄鹏
刘明峰
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Huazhong Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hand-held rape cutter-rower, comprise header frame, horizontal cutting device, vertically cutter sweep, main shaft, middle transition axle, the first belt, one end are located at crank connecting link, straw separating plate and actuating unit etc. on crank base.What actuating unit of the present invention adopted is the existing hand tractor generally used of China, the scope of application is wide, little to hand tractor retrofit work amount, and transformation is convenient, the action that actuating unit completes only has cutting and walking, saves the power of the laying device that initiatively leads.What designed guiding laying device adopted is circular hole hollowed-out board, ensure that the operation visual field, under the effect of pace and rape stem inertia, rape stem is directed to left and right sides lay.Designed nearside divider is positioned at the centre position, front of unit, adopts and initiatively divides standing grain rape harvest to be divided into left and right two districts to be cut, cuts rear rape stem and implement bilateral lay under the effect of guiding laying device.

Description

Hand-held rape cutter-rower
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops harvesting technical field, be specially a kind of hand-held rape cutter-rower.
Background technology
China is rapeseed cultivation and big producing country, and rapeseed cultivation area and output account for very large proportion all in the world.But the traditional rape of China cuts and shines based on manual work, and working strength is large, and operating efficiency is low, difficult management.The agricultural machinery relevant to the Rape-seed production ratio that especially rape cutter-rower is shared in agricultural machinery is less.
At present, rape cutter-rower market generally used forms primarily of a point standing grain device, cutter sweep, initiatively lead gatherer device and transmission system.Cutter sweep is divided into and initiatively divides standing grain device and passive point of standing grain device, initiatively divides standing grain device generally to adopt the perpendicular cutter of reciprocating cutting, separates after the cutting of interlaced rape stem, is divided into by rape and treats harvesting district and harvesting district; Passive point of standing grain device is generally made up of profiling backplate, completes auxiliary separating standing grain.Cutter sweep generally adopts reciprocating cross cut cutter to be cut off by thick rape stem by moving back and forth, and leaves cutting stubble and treating the rape stem that lay is collected of certain altitude.The gatherer device that initiatively leads comprises straw shift wheel and cross conveyor etc., and the stem stalk stream of rape is mainly initiatively allocated to cutter sweep by straw shift wheel, is propped up by the rape stem of lodging and delivers to cutter sweep; The rape stem stream cut down is mainly transported to the side of unit by cross conveyor, after airing, carries out follow-uply picking up operation.But the supporting actuating unit of existing rape cutter-rower is generally converted by the power chassis of combined harvester or middle-size and small-size four-wheel tractor power chassis, and the limitation of use is larger.Existing cross conveyor is generally be made up of the active such as transverse onveyer and reversal means conveying plant, and power consumption is larger; Existing deposition form generally adopts one-sided lay, and needing increases walking path to complete next step cutting operation, reduces operating efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of structure simple and the hand-held rape cutter-rower that energy consumption is low to overcome above-mentioned deficiency.
A kind of hand-held rape cutter-rower of the present invention, comprise header frame, horizontal cutting device, vertical cutter sweep, be provided with the main shaft of primary shaft belt pulley and crank base, be provided with the middle transition axle of the large belt wheel of middle transition axle and middle transition axle small pulley, first belt, one end is located at the crank connecting link on crank base, straw separating plate and actuating unit, described horizontal cutting device comprises waling stripe and the horizontal resection be arranged on waling stripe drives seat and multi-disc horizontal cutting cutter, described vertical cutter sweep comprises montant and the vertical cutting be arranged on montant drives fork and multi-disc vertical cutting cutter, described horizontal resection drives seat to drive fork to be all connected with the other end of crank connecting link with vertically cutting, described main shaft and middle transition axle are all located on header frame, described middle transition axle small pulley is by the first belt drives primary shaft belt pulley, also comprise the support bar that one end is connected with straw separating plate, for connecting the chassis connection bracket of header frame and actuating unit, described actuating unit comprises the second belt, 3rd belt, be provided with diesel engine, the walking tractor chassis of wheel and decelerator, if diesel powered output pulley on a diesel engine, be located at the band clutch on decelerator and reducer power output pulley, described diesel powered output pulley is by the second belt drives band clutch, described reducer power output pulley is by the large belt wheel of the 3rd belt drives middle transition axle, described straw separating plate totally two pieces and be all arranged on header frame by the other end symmetry of support bar, described montant is positioned at above the middle part of waling stripe, the two ends of described chassis connection bracket are connected with header frame and walking tractor chassis respectively.
Also comprise front-end and back-end respectively in arc-shaped with horizontal slide supporting plate, described rear inside is provided with connecting rod, and described front end is connected with waling stripe, and described connecting rod is connected with the bottom of header frame.
The described supporting plate that slides is provided with many reinforcements.
Described header frame is also provided with the tension clutch for tensioning the 3rd belt.
Described straw separating plate is also provided with support bar.
Described straw separating plate is also provided with multiple hollow out circular hole.
The front end of described two pieces of symmetrically arranged straw separating plates is arc-shaped, tail end to be angle be 40 ~ 80 ° open shape.
The present invention has following beneficial effect: what actuating unit of the present invention adopted is the existing hand tractor generally used of China, the scope of application is wide, little to hand tractor retrofit work amount, transformation is convenient, the action that actuating unit completes only has cutting and walking, save the power of the laying device that initiatively leads, greatly save power consumption.What designed guiding laying device adopted is circular hole hollowed-out board, ensure that the operation visual field, under the effect of pace and rape stem inertia, rape stem is directed to left and right sides lay, and its structure is simple, easy to loading and unloading.In addition, designed nearside divider is positioned at the centre position, front of unit, adopts and initiatively divides standing grain rape harvest to be divided into left and right two districts to be cut, cuts rear rape stem and implement bilateral lay under the effect of guiding laying device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is partial structurtes schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is two pieces of straw separating plate vertical views.
Fig. 4 is for sliding support board structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment: hand-held rape cutter-rower of the present invention, comprise header frame 1, horizontal cutting device 2, vertical cutter sweep 3, be provided with the main shaft 4 of primary shaft belt pulley 4a and crank base 4b, be provided with the middle transition axle 5 of the large belt wheel 5a of middle transition axle and middle transition axle small pulley 5b, first belt 6, one end is located at the crank connecting link 7 on crank base 4b, straw separating plate 8 and actuating unit, described horizontal cutting device 2 comprises waling stripe 2a and the horizontal resection be arranged on waling stripe 2a drives seat 2b and multi-disc horizontal cutting cutter 2c, described vertical cutter sweep 3 comprises montant 3a and the vertical cutting be arranged on montant 3a drives fork 3b and multi-disc vertical cutting cutter 3c, described horizontal resection drives seat 2b to drive fork 3b to be all connected with the other end of crank connecting link 7 with vertically cutting, described main shaft 4 and middle transition axle 5 are all located on header frame 1, described middle transition axle small pulley 5b is by the first belt 6 drive shaft belt wheel 4a, also comprise the support bar 9 that one end is connected with straw separating plate 8, for connecting the chassis connection bracket 10 of header frame 1 and actuating unit, described actuating unit comprises the second belt 11, 3rd belt 12, be provided with diesel engine 13, the walking tractor chassis 15 of wheel 18 and decelerator 14, be located at the diesel powered output pulley 13a on diesel engine 13, be located at the band clutch 14a on decelerator 14 and reducer power output pulley 14b, described diesel powered output pulley 13a drives band clutch 14a by the second belt 11, described reducer power output pulley 14b drives the large belt wheel 5a of middle transition axle by the 3rd belt 12, described straw separating plate 8 totally two pieces and be all arranged on header frame 1 by the other end symmetry of support bar 9, the material of straw separating plate 8 is steel plate.The front end of described two pieces of straw separating plates 8 is bent into the circular arc that radius is 200 ~ 300mm, and the height 1000mm of straw separating plate 10, thickness is 1 ~ 3mm.Described montant 3a is positioned at above the middle part of waling stripe 2a, and the two ends of described chassis connection bracket 10 are connected with header frame 1 and walking tractor chassis 15 respectively.Also comprise front end 16a and rear end 16b respectively in arc-shaped with horizontal slide supporting plate 16, described front end 16a is the circular arc that radius is 150mm, be provided with connecting rod 16c inside described rear end 16b, described front end 16a is connected with waling stripe 2a, and described connecting rod 16c is connected with the bottom of header frame 1.The described supporting plate 16 that slides is provided with many reinforcement 16d.Described header frame 1 is also provided with the tension clutch 17 for tensioning the 3rd belt 12.Described straw separating plate 8 is also provided with support bar 8a.Described straw separating plate 8 is also provided with multiple hollow out circular hole 8b, hollow out circular hole 8b diameter is 8 ~ 15mm, and pitch-row is 15 ~ 25mm.The front end of described two pieces of symmetrically arranged straw separating plates 8 is arc-shaped, tail end to be angle be 40 ~ 80 ° open shape.
Operation principle of the present invention is: power is exported by diesel powered output pulley 13a, the input belt wheel in band clutch 14a is driven to rotate, this power drives this equipment to walk on the one hand, export through reducer power output pulley 14b on the other hand, successively through middle transition axle 5 and main shaft 4, power is passed to crank connecting link 7, horizontal cutting device 2 and vertical cutter sweep 3 work, staggered rape branch cuts from centre and is separated by vertical cutter sweep 3, and rapeseed plants is divided into left district to be cut and right side district to be cut under the effect of two pieces of straw separating plates 8; Rape stem cuts off by horizontal cutting device 2 simultaneously, and the rape stem of cut-out continues under the effect of two pieces of straw separating plates 8 at this equipment both sides order bar shaped lay.During work, slide supporting plate 16 and paste ground, ensure the cutting-height of rape stem.
The data recorded in field trial are known, after the cutting of this machine, rape cutting height is 230 ~ 330mm, equipment pace is 0.6 ~ 0.75m/s, effectively cutting secondary is 1800mm, one-sided lay paving is wide is 350 ~ 500mm, lay thickness is 150 ~ 250mm, and work production rate is 3.89 ~ 4.76hm at full capacity 2/ h, the paving type obtained is the shape that is overlapping, and field trial shows bar of the present invention paving Be very effective, and stem stalk lay is orderly.

Claims (7)

1. a hand-held rape cutter-rower, comprise header frame (1), horizontal cutting device (2), vertical cutter sweep (3), be provided with the main shaft (4) of primary shaft belt pulley (4a) and crank base (4b), be provided with the middle transition axle (5) of the large belt wheel of middle transition axle (5a) and middle transition axle small pulley (5b), first belt (6), one end is located at the crank connecting link (7) on crank base (4b), straw separating plate (8) and actuating unit, described horizontal cutting device (2) comprises waling stripe (2a) and the horizontal resection be arranged on waling stripe (2a) drives seat (2b) and multi-disc horizontal cutting cutter (2c), described vertical cutter sweep (3) comprises montant (3a) and the vertical cutting be arranged on montant (3a) drives fork (3b) and multi-disc vertical cutting cutter (3c), described horizontal resection drives seat (2b) to drive fork (3b) to be all connected with the other end of crank connecting link (7) with vertically cutting, described main shaft (4) and middle transition axle (5) are all located on header frame (1), described middle transition axle small pulley (5b) is by the first belt (6) drive shaft belt wheel (4a), characterized by further comprising the support bar (9) that one end is connected with straw separating plate (8), for connecting the chassis connection bracket (10) of header frame (1) and actuating unit, described actuating unit comprises the second belt (11), 3rd belt (12), be provided with diesel engine (13), the walking tractor chassis (15) of wheel (18) and decelerator (14), be located at the diesel powered output pulley (13a) on diesel engine (13), be located at the band clutch (14a) on decelerator (14) and reducer power output pulley (14b), described diesel powered output pulley (13a) drives band clutch (14a) by the second belt (11), described reducer power output pulley (14b) drives the large belt wheel of middle transition axle (5a) by the 3rd belt (12), described straw separating plate (8) totally two pieces and be all arranged on header frame (1) by the other end symmetry of support bar (9), described montant (3a) is positioned at above the middle part of waling stripe (2a), the two ends on described chassis connection bracket (10) are connected with header frame (1) and walking tractor chassis (15) respectively.
2. hand-held rape cutter-rower according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising front end (16a) and rear end (16b) respectively in arc-shaped with horizontal slide supporting plate (16), inner side, described rear end (16b) is provided with connecting rod (16c), described front end (16a) is connected with waling stripe (2a), and described connecting rod (16c) is connected with the bottom of header frame (1).
3. hand-held rape cutter-rower according to claim 2, slides supporting plate (16) and is provided with many reinforcements (16d) described in it is characterized in that.
4. hand-held rape cutter-rower according to claim 2, is characterized in that described header frame (1) being also provided with the tension clutch (17) for tensioning the 3rd belt (12).
5., according to the hand-held rape cutter-rower in claim 1-4 described in any one, it is characterized in that described straw separating plate (8) is also provided with support bar (8a).
6. hand-held rape cutter-rower according to claim 5, is characterized in that described straw separating plate (8) being also provided with multiple hollow out circular hole (8b).
7. hand-held rape cutter-rower according to claim 4, is characterized in that the front end of described two pieces of symmetrically arranged straw separating plates (8) is arc-shaped, tail end to be angle be 40 ~ 80 ° open shape.
CN201310551815.4A 2013-11-08 2013-11-08 Hand-held rape cutter-rower Active CN103583150B (en)

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108419530A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-08-21 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 The efficient low damage rape ceding of Taiwan divides standing grain device
CN110731167A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-01-31 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Stubble height adjusting mechanism of walking rape cutter-rower
CN115226497B (en) * 2022-08-22 2024-03-01 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Driving structure for double-side laid rape cutting table
CN115226483B (en) * 2022-08-22 2023-08-22 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Cutting device and double-side laid rape cutter-rower

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3040462A1 (en) * 1980-10-27 1982-05-13 Karl Mengele & Söhne Maschinenfabrik und Eisengießerei GmbH & Co, 8870 Günzburg Harvesting machine with dividers - has spring loaded hinging triangular stem supporting plates behind divider points
CN2434862Y (en) * 2000-07-21 2001-06-20 内蒙古自治区海拉尔农牧场管理局农牧机械修造厂 Hydraulic motor-driven vertical cutter rape seadling separator
CN101326877A (en) * 2008-06-26 2008-12-24 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Forward mounted rape cutter-rower
CN101822149A (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-09-08 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Rape cutter-rower
CN203563348U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-30 华中农业大学 Hand-guided-type rape cutter-windrower

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3040462A1 (en) * 1980-10-27 1982-05-13 Karl Mengele & Söhne Maschinenfabrik und Eisengießerei GmbH & Co, 8870 Günzburg Harvesting machine with dividers - has spring loaded hinging triangular stem supporting plates behind divider points
CN2434862Y (en) * 2000-07-21 2001-06-20 内蒙古自治区海拉尔农牧场管理局农牧机械修造厂 Hydraulic motor-driven vertical cutter rape seadling separator
CN101326877A (en) * 2008-06-26 2008-12-24 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Forward mounted rape cutter-rower
CN101822149A (en) * 2010-05-14 2010-09-08 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Rape cutter-rower
CN203563348U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-30 华中农业大学 Hand-guided-type rape cutter-windrower

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4SY-1.8型手扶式油菜割晒机设计与试验;廖庆喜 等;《农业机械学报》;20141130;第45卷;全文 *

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