CN103495584A - Self-adaptive cleaning device - Google Patents

Self-adaptive cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103495584A
CN103495584A CN201310426571.7A CN201310426571A CN103495584A CN 103495584 A CN103495584 A CN 103495584A CN 201310426571 A CN201310426571 A CN 201310426571A CN 103495584 A CN103495584 A CN 103495584A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
brush
main shaft
rotary main
gear
cleaning
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310426571.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103495584B (en
Inventor
葛文杰
胡俊山
韩玮楠
杨益嘉
鲁冉
Original Assignee
西北工业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 西北工业大学 filed Critical 西北工业大学
Priority to CN201310426571.7A priority Critical patent/CN103495584B/en
Publication of CN103495584A publication Critical patent/CN103495584A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103495584B publication Critical patent/CN103495584B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/20Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought
    • B08B9/36Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought the apparatus cleaning by using brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/20Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought
    • B08B9/28Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by using apparatus into or on to which containers, e.g. bottles, jars, cans are brought the apparatus cleaning by splash, spray, or jet application, with or without soaking

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-adaptive cleaning device. An electromotor is used as a prime motor, power is transmitted to brush heads through rotation of the electromotor and gear engagement transmission, and therefore uniform rotation of the brush heads is achieved. A rotating main shaft is a hollow shaft, a rotating connector is communicated with a water supply hose, water current is adjusted through a water control switch on a handle according to requirements, and a hairbrush rubs a contact surface under the flushing effect of water for washing. The free change of the aperture angle of a brush plate is achieved within certain limits through a four-link mechanism of a brush head part, and therefore vessels with multiple curved surfaces or deep openings or shallow openings are washed, and then the purpose of removing dirt is achieved with the help of friction generated between the device and the surface to be cleaned. The cleaning device is provided with the two brush heads, one is the jaw type self-adaptive brush head for protruded curved surfaces and planes, and the other is the dandelion type brush head for concave curved surfaces. The self-adaptive effect is achieved by the two brush heads through the combined effect of connecting rods, a crank sliding block and a spring mechanism, the different brush heads can be replaced according to requirements in the using process, and the device is easy and flexible to operate.

Description

A kind of adaptive cleaning device
Technical field
The present invention relates in daily life, for the utensil of scrubbing of clean container, specifically, to relate to a kind of adaptive cleaning device.
Background technology
The utensil of scrubbing used in sale and family life in the market mostly be take frame for movement manually as main, when scrubbing process carries out, the vessel of dark mouthful and other complicated shape are cleaned unsatisfactory, the cleaning of other the complex-curved class container in family life also relatively is difficult to cleaning treatment; And manually make scrubbing process slow, and need staff ceaselessly for it, to provide power.
A kind of cleaning container method and cleaning device thereof are disclosed in patent of invention 200810138613.6.It adopts high-velocity flow to carry spherical particle container inner wall is washed away, when operation vessel port downward, spherical particle with water fall after rise leave container after sustainable participation clean, to realize recycling of particle; High-velocity flow provides by water pump.Its deficiency is that the outer water pump of putting of power provides, the apparatus structure complexity, and the spherical particle thing can cause damage to container inner wall when scrubbing; Scrub object single, its advantage recycled can not play a role when scrubbing plane, and cost is higher.
Summary of the invention
The weak point existed for fear of prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of adaptive cleaning device, by Motor Drive washing and brushing device main shaft, rotate, realize the at the uniform velocity rotation of brush, main shaft is that hollow shaft is communicated with feed pipe, under the washing away of current, by the friction of hairbrush and contact-making surface, scrubbed, realize the size of brush face and the variation of four brush subtended angles by the four-bar mechanism of brushhead portion, multiple curved surface and Shen Kou, shallow mouthpart ware are scrubbed, brush is easy to removal and installation, adapts to different spots and brush finish material to be washed.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: comprise motor, housing, rotary main shaft, spring, sliding collar, brush, support bar, little spring, brush board, the first gear, the second gear, steel wire rope, connecting rod, water bloking piece, control taps, described motor is positioned at the housing inner bottom part, the first gear and motor output shaft are connected, the second gear is fixedly mounted on rotary main shaft, the first gear and the engagement of the second gear; Described rotary main shaft is hollow shaft, one end of rotary main shaft is connected with swivel joint, and swivel joint is connected with water supply hose, and control taps one end withstands on connecting rod, the other end and the steel wire rope of connecting rod are connected, and the steel wire rope other end is connected with the water bloking piece that is arranged on the rotary main shaft inner end; The end of rotary main shaft is connected with brush; Be uniformly distributed four pairs of auricles on the brush circumference, four brush boards are embedded in respectively in auricle and connect by bearing pin, have chute on brush board, little spring is installed in chute, brush board is connected by bearing pin with support bar, the other end of four support bars is hinged with sliding collar respectively, and sliding collar is sleeved on rotary main shaft, between the rotary main shaft shaft shoulder and sliding collar, spring is installed.
When described brush board and rotary main shaft work, expanded angle is between 27.6 °-179.4 °.
Described motor is 24 volt 200 and turns dc motor.
While using operation, the control water function is achieved as follows: press the control taps, by under the connecting rod top, pass through linkage, pull steel wire rope to pull by matched in clearance and be arranged on the bearing on rotary main shaft, the water bloking piece that is placed in rotary main shaft inside is pulled, current arrive brush from water source, aperture ejection from brush, start to wash away.
The adaptation function of brush is achieved as follows: when scourer is worked, when brush board is fitted brush finish to be washed, brush finish compressing brush board to be washed, the brush board motion, transfer the motion to the little spring be placed in the brush board chute and be sleeved on the spring on rotary main shaft by linkage, compression by spring realizes sliding collar moving and the slip of support bar one end in chute along rotary main shaft with elongation, thereby the subtended angle of brush board is changed with different curved surfaces, and when brush board and rotary main shaft work, expanded angle is between 27.6 °-179.4 °.
Beneficial effect
A kind of adaptive cleaning device that the present invention proposes, adopt motor as prime mover, by motor, rotate, meshed transmission gear passes to brush by power, realize the uniform rotation of brush, realize brush board subtended angle freely changing within the specific limits by the four-bar mechanism of brushhead portion, realize multiple curved surface and Shen Kou, shallow mouthpart ware are scrubbed, by and surface to be cleaned between produce friction and reach the purpose taken out stains.Brush is replaceable to clear up different dirts, applied widely from the hairbrush on brush board.
Cleaning device of the present invention is equipped with two kinds of brushes, a kind of be for convex surface and plane pawl formula self adaptation brush, a kind of is dandelion formula brush for concave curved surface, two brushes adopt connecting rod, crank block and spring mechanism synergy to realize the self adaptation effect, during use, can change as required different brushes.Simultaneously, the design of material of scrubbing of brush bar is the tearing type structure, in brush finish, uses for a long time, and cleaning effect does not reach while requiring, and can scrub the material replacing with supporting, meets the theory of energy-conserving and environment-protective.Scourer carries water pipe, after connecting water source, regulates the current size by the control taps on handle as required, simple to operate, flexible.
Cleaning device of the present invention is applicable to clean furniture, car, wall, glass etc.,, for the scrubbing of small-sized vessel of bowl, plate, cup class, also can be good at simultaneously; Also may extend to the scrubbing of vessel in enormous quantities in restaurant except family expenses, volume is small and exquisite, safety easy to use.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments, a kind of adaptive cleaning device of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is adaptive cleaning device schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is that adaptive cleaning device side of the present invention is to view.
The brush schematic diagram that Fig. 3 is adaptive cleaning device of the present invention.
The draining machine structure schematic diagram that Fig. 4 is adaptive cleaning device of the present invention.
In figure:
1. housing 2. swivel joint 3. second gear 4. rotary main shaft 5. bearing 6. spring 7. sliding collar 8. brush 9. connecting rod 10. motor switch 11. are controlled taps 12. support bar 13. little spring 14. brush board 15. flexible pipe 16. first gear 17. water bloking piece 18. bearing pin 19. steel wire rope 20. minor axis 21. motor
The specific embodiment
The present embodiment is a kind of adaptive cleaning device.Cleaning device uses motor to drive the brush rotation, and the four-bar mechanism by brush freely changes the brush board angle within the specific limits, to adapt to different curve and various dark mouth, shallow container, scrubs convenient and swift.
Consult Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, adaptive cleaning device of the present invention is comprised of housing 1, swivel joint 2, the second gear 3, rotary main shaft 4, bearing 5, spring 6, sliding collar 7, brush 8, connecting rod 9, motor switch 10, control taps 11, support bar 12, little spring 13, brush board 14, flexible pipe 15, the first gear 16, water bloking piece 17, bearing pin 18, steel wire rope 19, minor axis 20, motor 21; Motor 21 is arranged on housing 1 inner bottom part, and the first gear 16 is fixedly connected with motor 21 output shafts, and the second gear 3 is fixedly mounted on rotary main shaft 4, the first gear 16 and the second gear 3 engagements.Rotary main shaft 4 is hollow shaft, one end of rotary main shaft 4 coordinates with minor axis 20, and be connected with swivel joint 2, swivel joint 2 is connected with water supply hose, control taps 11 1 ends withstand on connecting rod 9, the other end of connecting rod 9 and steel wire rope 19 are connected, and steel wire rope 19 other ends are connected with the water bloking piece 17 that is arranged on rotary main shaft 4 inner ends; The end of rotary main shaft 4 is connected with brush 8; Be uniformly distributed four pairs of auricles on brush 8 circumference, four brush boards 14 are embedded in respectively in auricle and connect by bearing pin 18, have chute on brush board 21, little spring 13 is installed in chute, brush board 14 is connected by bearing pin 18 with support bar 12, the other end of four support bars 12 is hinged with sliding collar 7 respectively, and sliding collar 7 is sleeved on rotary main shaft 4, between rotary main shaft 4 shaft shoulders and sliding collar 7, spring 6 is installed.
When mounted, brush board 14 ends are connected by bearing pin 18 with the auricle on brush 8, one end of support bar 12 is connected with chute by bearing pin 18, bearing pin 18 slides in chute, and force little spring 13 flexible, realize the variation of angle between single brush board 14 and rotary main shaft 4, the other end of four support bars 12 is connected on sliding collar 7, and sliding collar 7 is sleeved on rotary main shaft 4; Connecting rod 9 is fixed by screws on housing 1 handgrip, and control taps 11 withstands on connecting rod 9 ends.Mounting spring 6 between the shaft shoulder of rotary main shaft 4 and sliding collar 7.At the inner steel wire rope 19 that passes through of rotary main shaft 4, with water bloking piece 17, be connected, steel wire rope 19 is by groove and 5 secure fit of the bearing on rotary main shaft on rotary main shaft 4, and bearing 5 is connected with connecting rod 9 by steel wire rope 19 again; By by voltage-controlled taps 11, pulling bearing 5, thereby pull water bloking piece 17.
During use, open motor switch 10, motor 21 starts, the first gear 16 in 21 rotating shafts of driving electric machine rotates, the first gear 16 and the second gear 3 engaged transmission, make rotary main shaft 4 rotate, be threaded connection and make brush 8 synchronize rotation with rotary main shaft 4, press control taps 11, by under connecting rod 9 tops, by connecting rod, pull steel wire rope 19 to drive and be arranged on the bearing 5 on rotary main shaft 4 by matched in clearance, the water bloking piece 17 that is placed in rotary main shaft 4 inside is pulled, current arrive brush 8 and the ejection of the aperture from brush starts to wash away; Under normality, brush board 14 is 27.6 ° with the angle of rotary main shaft 4, active force by staff to cleaning device, when brush board 14 contact is to be washed while brushing flat face, plane applies reaction force to brush board 14, brush board 14 activities, by the four-bar mechanism between brush board 14, support bar 12 by motion transmission to the little spring 13 in brush board 14 chutes and the sliding collar 7 on rotary main shaft 4, by both motions of support bar 12 and sliding collar 7, make brush board 14 opening and closing become different angles, adapt to different curved surfaces; Under limiting condition, brush board 14 is 179.4 ° with the maximum angular of rotary main shaft 4, can scrub convex surface when symmetrical brush board 14 angles are less than 180 ° in twos, can scrub concave surface when brush board 14 angles are greater than 180 ° in twos, when needs are scrubbed the inner wall surface that is similar to glass, it is maximum that brush board 14 subtended angles reach, and under high speed rotating, scrubs effect and be similar to a cylinder hairbrush inwall of vessel is cleaned; Simultaneously, the hairbrush that is bonded at brushhead portion is cleaned the bottom of vessel, realizes comprehensive scrubbing.
When concrete operations, only need to apply power vertically to cleaning device with staff, make brush board and brush finish to be washed laminating, under turning effort, spot can be wiped clean by the hairbrush on brush board.Brush, according to the dissimilar fast changeable of spot, is used sanitation and hygiene, convenient and swift.
Embodiment:
1. while scrubbing bottle type container, open switch, the brush rotation is descended, brush stretches into internal tank, because the minimum subtended angle of brush board can be to 27.6 °, whole brush can enter smoothly, now, four brush boards are turned down, under rotating, the suitable cylinder hairbrush of its effect reached, the brush of rotation can wash container inner wall, be stained with equally bristle on brush, container bottom can be washed.
2. while scrubbing plane, staff applies power to cleaning device, make brush board move downward, by spatial four-bar mechanism, motion is reached and is enclosed within the sliding collar on the brush holder support axle and is placed in the spring in the brush board chute, make whole brush board there is dual adaption, the brush subtended angle can freely change, and between four brush boards, separate subtended angle adapts to different curved surfaces and scrubbed.

Claims (2)

1. an adaptive cleaning device is characterized in that: comprise motor, housing, rotary main shaft, spring, sliding collar, brush, support bar, little spring, brush board, the first gear, the second gear, steel wire rope, connecting rod, water bloking piece, control taps,
Described motor is positioned at the housing inner bottom part, and the first gear and motor output shaft are connected, and the second gear is fixedly mounted on rotary main shaft, the first gear and the engagement of the second gear; Described rotary main shaft is hollow shaft, one end of rotary main shaft is connected with swivel joint, and swivel joint is connected with water supply hose, and control taps one end withstands on connecting rod, the other end and the steel wire rope of connecting rod are connected, and the steel wire rope other end is connected with the water bloking piece that is arranged on the rotary main shaft inner end; The end of rotary main shaft is connected with brush; Be uniformly distributed four pairs of auricles on the brush circumference, four brush boards are embedded in respectively in auricle and connect by bearing pin, have chute on brush board, little spring is installed in chute, brush board is connected by bearing pin with support bar, the other end of four support bars is hinged with sliding collar respectively, and sliding collar is sleeved on rotary main shaft, between the rotary main shaft shaft shoulder and sliding collar, spring is installed.
2. adaptive cleaning device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: when described brush board and rotary main shaft work, expanded angle is between 27.6 °-179.4 °.
CN201310426571.7A 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Self-adaptive cleaning device CN103495584B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310426571.7A CN103495584B (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Self-adaptive cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310426571.7A CN103495584B (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Self-adaptive cleaning device

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CN103495584A true CN103495584A (en) 2014-01-08
CN103495584B CN103495584B (en) 2015-06-17

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104451748A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-25 无锡盛力达科技股份有限公司 Steel wire cleaning and flow stabilizing device
CN105129882A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 北京中大立信环境技术有限责任公司 Superfine grille capable of achieving self sewage disposal
CN106625445A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 杭州巨星科技股份有限公司 Adjustable multipurpose tool
CN107737778A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-02-27 界首市百乐泉纯净水厂 A kind of cleaning device and its method for raw water box scale removal
CN107756346A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-06 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 A kind of monitor station of elevator parts
CN107825413A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-23 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 A kind of elevator parts detection platform provided with robotic transport system
CN108580480A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 张冰冰 A kind of cleaning device for formative technology product inner wall
CN109537922A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-29 山东大学 High building exterior wall wiping arrangement
CN110344486A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-18 盐城师范学院 Drainage arrangement is used in a kind of experiment of Coastal beach reclamation area field farmland
CN110813963A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 西南石油大学 Water spray type self-driven spiral advancing tank wall intelligent cleaning device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06126263A (en) * 1992-10-19 1994-05-10 Asada Tekko Kk Automatic washer for vessel
US20080222823A1 (en) * 2005-10-24 2008-09-18 Wang Jianbo Pan cleaner
CN201143507Y (en) * 2007-12-14 2008-11-05 德昌电机(深圳)有限公司 Multi-direction pipe cleaner
CN101927250A (en) * 2010-09-29 2010-12-29 宋树建 Umbrella-shaped bucket brush
CN102078873A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-06-01 宋树建 Semi-automatic portable bucket cleaner
CN202860947U (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-04-10 宋树建 Push-up expansion type in-drum cleanser

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06126263A (en) * 1992-10-19 1994-05-10 Asada Tekko Kk Automatic washer for vessel
US20080222823A1 (en) * 2005-10-24 2008-09-18 Wang Jianbo Pan cleaner
CN201143507Y (en) * 2007-12-14 2008-11-05 德昌电机(深圳)有限公司 Multi-direction pipe cleaner
CN101927250A (en) * 2010-09-29 2010-12-29 宋树建 Umbrella-shaped bucket brush
CN102078873A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-06-01 宋树建 Semi-automatic portable bucket cleaner
CN202860947U (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-04-10 宋树建 Push-up expansion type in-drum cleanser

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104451748A (en) * 2014-12-10 2015-03-25 无锡盛力达科技股份有限公司 Steel wire cleaning and flow stabilizing device
CN105129882A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 北京中大立信环境技术有限责任公司 Superfine grille capable of achieving self sewage disposal
CN106625445A (en) * 2015-10-29 2017-05-10 杭州巨星科技股份有限公司 Adjustable multipurpose tool
CN107737778A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-02-27 界首市百乐泉纯净水厂 A kind of cleaning device and its method for raw water box scale removal
CN107737778B (en) * 2017-09-26 2020-07-03 界首市百乐泉纯净水厂 Cleaning device and method for descaling raw water tank
CN107756346A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-06 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 A kind of monitor station of elevator parts
CN107825413A (en) * 2017-11-07 2018-03-23 东莞市联洲知识产权运营管理有限公司 A kind of elevator parts detection platform provided with robotic transport system
CN107756346B (en) * 2017-11-07 2020-11-13 丽水市莲都区毅荣凯盛模具厂 Detection platform for elevator parts
CN108580480A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-09-28 张冰冰 A kind of cleaning device for formative technology product inner wall
CN109537922A (en) * 2018-12-17 2019-03-29 山东大学 High building exterior wall wiping arrangement
CN110344486A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-18 盐城师范学院 Drainage arrangement is used in a kind of experiment of Coastal beach reclamation area field farmland
CN110344486B (en) * 2019-07-31 2020-12-15 盐城师范学院 Drainage device for field farmland experiment in coastal beach reclamation area
CN110813963A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-02-21 西南石油大学 Water spray type self-driven spiral advancing tank wall intelligent cleaning device

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Effective date of registration: 20200703

Address after: Room 409, 4 / F, building a, innovation and technology building, northwest Polytechnic University, No. 127, Youyi West Road, Beilin District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province 710072

Patentee after: XI'AN HUASANG TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 710072 Xi'an friendship West Road, Shaanxi, No. 127

Patentee before: Northwestern Polytechnical University