CN103478240A - Selenium-containing film coating agent for blueberry preservation - Google Patents

Selenium-containing film coating agent for blueberry preservation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103478240A
CN103478240A CN201310455171.9A CN201310455171A CN103478240A CN 103478240 A CN103478240 A CN 103478240A CN 201310455171 A CN201310455171 A CN 201310455171A CN 103478240 A CN103478240 A CN 103478240A
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China
Prior art keywords
selenium
blueberry
coating agent
film coating
water
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Application number
CN201310455171.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103478240B (en
Inventor
车立昱
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Chongqing Jia Lan Yue Lin agricultural science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.
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DALIAN MINGDE ECO-AGRICULTURAL PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES
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Abstract

A selenium-containing film coating agent for blueberry preservation comprises 0.6%-1.6% of chitosan, 0.05%-0.25% of sodium alginate, 0.01%-0.5% of tea polyphenol, 1.5%-3.5% of calcium chloride, 1.5%-3% of vitamin C, 1%-6% of fructose, 1.5%-3% of sodium chloride, 3.5%-7% of ethyl alcohol, 2% of acetic acid, 35%-55% of towel gourd water and the balance of water. Blueberries preserved by the selenium-containing film coating agent are not required to be cleaned and can be eaten directly; the blueberries contain selenium elements directly, and when a person eats the delicious fruit, the selenium elements are supplemented; the preservation time of the blueberries is prolonged and can last for 2.5-3.5 months, the blueberries cannot lose tastes, and the color luster, the brittleness and the taste are basically not changed; and the selenium-containing film coating agent has no harm to a human body or even can be drunk directly.

Description

Blueberry preserved use is containing the selenium plastics
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fruit freshness keeping, be specifically related to a kind of blueberry preserved use containing the selenium plastics.
Background technology
Blueberry (Blueberry), mean the meaning of blue berry.A kind of is low shrub, and short pin is wild, and particle is little, but the content of anthocyanidin is very high; The second is the artificial culture blueberry, can grow to 240cm high, and fruit is larger, and moisture is more, and anthocyanidin content is relatively on the low side.The Vaccinium plant that the whole world distributes can reach more than 400 to be planted, originate in and main product in U.S.'s U.S.'s blueberry that is otherwise known as.China mainly produces in Daxing'an Mountainrange and forest zone, the Xiaoxinanlin Mountains especially Central Greater Khingan Mountains, and is all pure wild.Just successfully carried out in recent years domestication's cultivation.Contain abundant nutritional labeling in Blueberry, it not only has good nutrition health-care functions, also has the functions such as the cranial nerve of preventing is aging, cardiac stimulant, anticancer softening blood vessel, enhancing human organism immunity.Fresh blueberry is fresh goods, has and adopts rear rapid after-ripening, aging, corruption, and quality is the characteristics such as bad change very easily.Adopt at present rear loss still quite serious.Annual because the loss of rotting to cause is all very high, seriously restricted the transportation and sales circulation of blueberry fresh fruit.
At present the fruit vegetables storing method mainly contains physical method and chemical method, and physical method wherein is comparatively desirable and safe method as cold chain and air conditioned storage, but is also very limited for its fresh keeping time of blueberry.Therefore need controlled atmosphere, cold chain and other preservation techniques to combine and just can reach the purpose that improves fresh-keeping quality, extends fresh keeping time.
The chemical preservative that tradition is used mainly contains the bactericide class, as Prochloraz, carbendazim, iprodione, probenazole, sulfur dioxide and growth regulator class, as BA and 2,4-D etc., become sensitive issue of consumer but the traditional chemical anticorrisive agent is processed the environment and the food pollution that cause, and, in some developed countries, chemical bactericide has been forbidden using in postharvest fruit and vegetable is processed, in addition, chemical preservative not yet can fundamentally be controlled the generation of fruit postharvest diseases; And resistance to the action of a drug problem also makes Techniques For Chemical Control face serious challenge.The fruit outlet of current China faces the dual puzzlement of residues of pesticides and disease and pest problem.Therefore, the New Cut Flower Fresh Keeping of developing green, environmental protection, safety is significant to development China blueberry industry.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned not enough problem, provide a kind of blueberry preserved use containing the selenium plastics.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopted for achieving the above object is:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises
Shitosan 0.6-1.6%
Sodium alginate 0.05-0.25%
Tea Polyphenols 0.01-0.5%
Calcium chloride 1.5-3.5%
Vitamin C 1.5-3%
Fructose 1-6%
Sodium chloride 1.5-3%
Ethanol 3.5-7%
Acetic acid 2%
Sponge gourd water 35-55%
Surplus is water.
Facts have proved, following ratio is that preferably the effect reached is better:
Shitosan 1%
Sodium alginate 0.2%
Tea Polyphenols 0.3%
Calcium chloride 2%
Catergen %
Fructose 4%
Sodium chloride 1.5%
Ethanol 5%
Acetic acid 2%
Sponge gourd water 45%
Surplus is water.
Described sponge gourd water, claim again luffa vegetable juice, is to adopt climing root 30 centimeters of sponge gourd master to adopt to cut climing gravity flow method, allows sponge gourd water naturally flow out and obtain.
Preferably, also comprise 5% selenide of carragheen in formula;
Percentage in this patent document is mass percent.
During use, preferred method be first by blueberry 55-60 ℃ of lower ozone sterilization 1min left and right, then be down to rapidly 0-14 ℃ of precooling, finally immerse blueberry preserved use and be positioned over preservation in air-conditioned cold store and get final product containing taking out after soaking in the selenium plastics.Also can directly soak rear taking-up is preserved in air-conditioned cold store.
Characteristics of the present invention are:
1. use the fresh-keeping blueberry of this product, do not need to clean again, direct-edible;
2. directly be rich in the selenium element in blueberry, tasted delicious the time and supplemented this trace element of selenium;
3. extended the preservation and freshness time of blueberry, can reach three months and do not go wrong flavor, compared with only using air-conditioned cold store, the fresh keeping time that can extend month; And its color and luster, brittleness, mouthfeel are all without marked change.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment mono-:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises shitosan 0.6%; Sodium alginate 0.25%; Tea Polyphenols 0.01%; Calcium chloride 3%; Vitamin C 1.5%; Fructose 6%; Sodium chloride 1.5%; Ethanol 7%; Acetic acid 2%; Sponge gourd water 35%; Surplus is water.
Embodiment bis-:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises shitosan 1.5%; Sodium alginate 0.1%; Tea Polyphenols 0.5%; Calcium chloride 1.5%; Vitamin C 3.5%; Fructose 3%; Sodium chloride 1.5%; Ethanol 3.5%; Acetic acid 2%; Sponge gourd water 50%; Surplus is water.
Embodiment tri-:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises shitosan 0.8%; Sodium alginate 0.1-0.25%; Tea Polyphenols 0.3%; Calcium chloride 2%; Catergen .5%; Fructose 1%; Sodium chloride 3%; Ethanol 5%; Acetic acid 2%; Sponge gourd water 55%; Surplus is water.
Embodiment tetra-:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises shitosan 0.7%; Sodium alginate 0.2%; Tea Polyphenols 0.25%; Calcium chloride 3%; Vitamin C 1.5%; Fructose 3%; Sodium chloride 1.8%; Ethanol 6%; Acetic acid 2%; Sponge gourd water 43%; Selenide of carragheen 5%; Surplus is water.
Embodiment five:
Blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises shitosan 0.6%; Sodium alginate 0.25%; Tea Polyphenols 0.3%; Calcium chloride 2%; Catergen %; Fructose 1%; Sodium chloride 3%; Ethanol 3.5%; Acetic acid 2%; Sponge gourd water 44%; Selenide of carragheen 5%; Surplus is water.
The above; it is only the preferably specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to replacement or changed according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof, within all should being encompassed in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. blueberry preserved use, containing the selenium plastics, comprises
Shitosan 0.6-1.6%
Sodium alginate 0.05-0.25%
Tea Polyphenols 0.01-0.5%
Calcium chloride 1.5-3.5%
Vitamin C 1.5-3%
Fructose 1-6%
Sodium chloride 1.5-3%
Ethanol 3.5-7%
Acetic acid 2%
Sponge gourd water 35-55%
Surplus is water.
2. blueberry preserved use as claimed in claim 1, containing the selenium plastics, comprises
Shitosan 1%
Sodium alginate 0.2%
Tea Polyphenols 0.3%
Calcium chloride 2%
Catergen %
Fructose 4%
Sodium chloride 1.5%
Ethanol 5%
Acetic acid 2%
Sponge gourd water 45%
Surplus is water.
3. blueberry preserved use as claimed in claim 1 or 2, containing the selenium plastics, characterized by further comprising 5% selenide of carragheen.
CN201310455171.9A 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Selenium-containing film coating agent for blueberry preservation Active CN103478240B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310455171.9A CN103478240B (en) 2013-09-29 2013-09-29 Selenium-containing film coating agent for blueberry preservation

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CN103478240B CN103478240B (en) 2015-01-07

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918781A (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-07-16 许自霖 Edible fresh-keeping algal polysaccharide composition film and preparation method thereof
CN104472678A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-04-01 渤海大学 Melon preservative and preservation method thereof
CN105123913A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Composite preservative for blueberries

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102960437A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 苏州科技学院 Environment-friendly healthy red bayberry preservative and preservation technology
CN103168836A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-06-26 山东理工大学 Strawberry preservative containing functional amino acids
CN103271147A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-09-04 中国海洋大学 Preparation method for edible composite membrane for blueberry fresh-keeping

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102960437A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 苏州科技学院 Environment-friendly healthy red bayberry preservative and preservation technology
CN103168836A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-06-26 山东理工大学 Strawberry preservative containing functional amino acids
CN103271147A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-09-04 中国海洋大学 Preparation method for edible composite membrane for blueberry fresh-keeping

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DUAN ET AL.,: "Effect of edible coatings on the quality of fresh blueberries (Duke and Elliott) under commercial storage conditions", 《POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY》, no. 59, 31 December 2011 (2011-12-31), pages 71 - 79 *
于刚: "纳米硒和UV-C处理对蓝莓品质及贮藏性的影响", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 农业科技辑》, no. 10, 15 October 2012 (2012-10-15), pages 048 - 73 *
刘微等: "丝瓜伤流液对食用菌的保鲜效果", 《中国农学通报》, vol. 20, no. 2, 30 April 2004 (2004-04-30) *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103918781A (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-07-16 许自霖 Edible fresh-keeping algal polysaccharide composition film and preparation method thereof
CN104472678A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-04-01 渤海大学 Melon preservative and preservation method thereof
CN105123913A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 太仓市永发农场专业合作社 Composite preservative for blueberries

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Effective date of registration: 20141222

Address after: Licang District of Shandong province 266000 fo Lu Zheng Qingdao City No. 17

Patentee after: Xu Maohang

Address before: 116100, Liaoning, Jinzhou province Dalian New District, big Wei street, buckwheat village, Dalian Ming Tak eco agricultural cooperatives

Patentee before: Dalian Mingde Eco-Agricultural Professional Cooperatives

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: CHE LIYU TO: XU MAOHANG

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 116100 DALIAN, LIAONING PROVINCE TO: 266000 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE

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Inventor after: Xu Maohang

Inventor before: Che Liyu

C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
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ERR Gazette correction

Free format text: CORRECT: PATENTEE; ADDRESS; INVENTOR; PATENT AGENCY; AGENT; FROM: DALIAN MINGDE ECOLOGY AGRICULTURAL PROFESSIONAL COOPERATIVES;116100 DALIAN, LIAONING PROVINCE; CHE LIYU; DALIAN ZHIGAO PATENT OFFICE (SPECIAL GENERAL PARTNERSHIP) 21235; BI JIN TO: XU MAOHANG;266000 QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE; XU MAOHANG; QINGDAO, SHANDONG PROVINCE PATENT OFFICE (GENERAL PARTNERSHIP) 11221; WANG WEIDONG

RECT Rectification
CI03 Correction of invention patent

Correction item: Patentee|Address|Inventor|Patent agency|agent

Correct: Xu Maohang|Licang District of Shandong province 266000 fo Lu Zheng Qingdao City No. 17|Xu Maohang|Beijing Jie Patent Office (general partner) 11221|Wang Weidong

False: Dalian Mingde Eco-Agricultural Professional Cooperatives|116100, Liaoning, Jinzhou province Dalian New District, big Wei street, buckwheat village, Dalian Ming Tak eco agricultural cooperatives|Che Liyu|Dalian Chicco Patent Office (special general partnership) 21235|Bi Jin

Number: 01

Page: The title page

Volume: 31

CI01 Correction of invention patent gazette

Correction item: Patentee|Address|Inventor|Patent agency|agent

Correct: Xu Maohang|Licang District of Shandong province 266000 fo Lu Zheng Qingdao City No. 17|Xu Maohang|Beijing Jie Patent Office (general partner) 11221|Wang Weidong

False: Dalian Mingde Eco-Agricultural Professional Cooperatives|116100, Liaoning, Jinzhou province Dalian New District, big Wei street, buckwheat village, Dalian Ming Tak eco agricultural cooperatives|Che Liyu|Dalian Chicco Patent Office (special general partnership) 21235|Bi Jin

Number: 01

Volume: 31

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20181016

Address after: 408415 six communities of Tie Qiao village, Daguan Town, Nanchuan District, Chongqing

Patentee after: Chongqing Jia Lan Yue Lin agricultural science and Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 266000 zhengbuddha Road, Licang District, Qingdao, Shandong Province, No. 17

Patentee before: Xu Maohang