CN103477741A - Alternate vibratory subsoiling and fertilizing all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Alternate vibratory subsoiling and fertilizing all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103477741A
CN103477741A CN201310385432.4A CN201310385432A CN103477741A CN 103477741 A CN103477741 A CN 103477741A CN 201310385432 A CN201310385432 A CN 201310385432A CN 103477741 A CN103477741 A CN 103477741A
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China
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frame
subsoiling
deep soil
loosing shovel
soil loosing
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CN201310385432.4A
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CN103477741B (en
Inventor
伍德林
雍凯
施丽莉
江家伍
李君�
许良元
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Anhui Agricultural University AHAU
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Anhui Agricultural University AHAU
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Abstract

The invention discloses an alternate vibratory subsoiling and fertilizing all-in-one machine, which comprises a vibratory subsoiling device, a depth controller, a fertilizing device and a traction device, which are arranged on a rack; the traction device comprises a hanging support, the hanging support is arranged on the middle part of the front end part of the rack, a subsoiler of the vibratory subsoiling device comprises a half subsoiler, a full subsoiler and an alternate vibration generating device, the alternate vibration generating device comprises a plurality of groups of crank necks arranged on a rotating shaft at intervals, the back side of the full subsoiler is provided with a vertical fertilizer discharge pipe, the fertilizing device comprises a fertilizer box, a fertilizer outlet of the fertilizer box is connected with an inlet of the fertilizer discharge pipe through a hose, the depth controller is depth-adjustable depth-limiting wheels arranged on two sides of the rack, and two sides of the rack behind the depth-limiting wheels are provided with pressing wheels arranged at the hindmost part by virtue of a pull rod respectively. The all-in-one machine disclosed by the invention can be matched with a large/middle-sized tractor for use, dry land vibration subsoiling operation can be carried out, the production efficiency is high, the subsoiling effect is good, and the operation cost is low.

Description

A kind of subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration
Technical field
The present invention relates to the farm machinery technical field, relate in particular to a kind of subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration.
Background technology
Soil subsoiling refers to and uses the ravel tillage pan of following 5 centimetres to 15 centimetres of plow layer of subsoiler, and soil and add the thickness of chiselling layer ravels.The soil subsoiling technology can be broken soil compaction, and then deepens plow layer, can change the physical and chemical performance of soil, can also improve the lodging tolerance of crop, and can greatly improve the soil water storage soil moisture conservation.Subsoiling, as an important technology of soil cultivation, at home and abroad more and more comes into one's own.
At present, the subsoiler that China is used mostly is non-vibration formula subsoiler, has many problems in real work; as the subsoiling depth as shallow, water wasting is required great effort, is difficult for retaining and conserveing soil moisture and improving soil, and environmental protection effect is poor etc.; and complicated in mechanical structure or performance are single, unreasonable structure, easily destroy.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to make up the deficiency of prior art, a kind of subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration is provided.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration, include rack-mounted vibrating subsoiling device, depth control apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, draw-gear, it is characterized in that: described draw-gear includes suspension holdfast, described suspension holdfast is arranged on the leading section middle part of frame, the deep soil loosing shovel of described vibrating subsoiling device includes half deep soil loosing shovel and full deep soil loosing shovel and alternating expression vibration generating arrangement, described half deep soil loosing shovel is fixedly installed in the leading section of frame, described full deep soil loosing shovel is arranged on the rearward end of frame, and coordinate with the guide pin bushing guiding on frame, described alternating expression vibration generating arrangement includes interval and is arranged on the many groups crank web in rotating shaft, between described crank web, connecting rod is installed, the lower end of described connecting rod is connected with the upper end of full deep soil loosing shovel, described rotating shaft is driven by the motor of one end, the trailing flank of described full deep soil loosing shovel is equipped with vertical defertilizing tube, described fertilizer apparatus includes fertile case, described fertile case is fixedly mounted on the fertile case strutbeam in frame by damping spring, the fertilizer outlet of described fertile case is connected with the import of defertilizing tube with flexible pipe, described depth control apparatus is the gauge wheel that is arranged on the adjustable in depth of frame both sides, the frame both sides at described gauge wheel rear are equipped with by pull bar the press wheel that is placed in rear respectively.
Described suspension holdfast is herringbone, the vertical pull bar lower end of described herringbone is fixed in the front portion of frame, and the vertical pull bar upper end of herringbone is affixed with the shock absorption trolley upper end and be connected with pin-and-hole with the draw-gear of tractor, the brace lower end of described herringbone is fixed in the middle part of frame.
Described half deep soil loosing shovel is that bolt is connected with the shovel body of full deep soil loosing shovel with spear, between the upper end of described full deep soil loosing shovel and connecting rod, by bearing pin, is connected.
Described gauge wheel is arranged on the lower end of gauge wheel strutbeam, is set with depth adjuster on described gauge wheel strutbeam, and is fixed on frame by depth adjuster, is distributed with the locking screw pit on described depth adjuster.
Described defertilizing tube is fixed on the rear side of full deep soil loosing shovel by the connecting plate at middle part, ball is installed in described defertilizing tube, on described defertilizing tube sidewall, is distributed with the screwed hole that can regulate the ball installation site.
The present invention adopts the vibration principle of similar slider-crank mechanism, electromotor drives rotating shaft and rotates, crank web rotates under the drive of rotating shaft, by the adjusting to the crank web setting angle, can realize the adjusting to the deep soil loosing shovel up-down vibration, has realized adjustable alternating expression vibration.And the vibration orientation, sequentially, angle is all adjustable.Described frame end is provided with press wheel, can make soil be able to abundant compacting, has realized loose soil and the effect of not turning over.And be provided with ball in defertilizing tube, can realize the adjusting of fertilizing amount, realize vibrating subsoiling, fertilizing integrated equalization.
Advantage of the present invention is:
Reasonable in design of the present invention, the function of integrated fertilising, can support the use with large and middle tractor, carries out nonirrigated farmland vibrating subsoiling earth working, solved the single problem of existing subsoiler performance, can improve the subsoiling effect, improves operating efficiency, reduces operating cost.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is fertilizer apparatus structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is depth stop apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is vibrating device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is general structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, the vibrating subsoiling device of alternating expression vibrating deep-scarification fertilizer distributor, depth control apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, draw-gear, be installed on the frame shown in Fig. 1.The subsoiling device is placed in respectively front portion and the middle part of frame 16, alternating expression subsoiling vibrating device is connected with the output shaft of motor 5, depth control apparatus is placed in the both sides of frame 16, and fertilizer apparatus is placed in the frame rear portion, and the front portion that draw-gear is placed in frame 16 is connected with the draw-gear of tractor.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, concrete example of the present invention comprises frame 16, be arranged on frame 16 be used for the suspension holdfast 1 that articulates with agricultural locomotive be fixed on frame 16 on be used for the motor 5 be connected with rotating shaft 23.The output shaft of motor 5 is connected with rotating shaft 23 by shaft coupling 6, and crank web 7 is fixed in rotating shaft 23, and is connected with connecting rod 24.Deep soil loosing shovel 12 vertically is fixed on frame 23 and with connecting rod 24 use pin-and-holes 25 and is connected.And the press wheel 13 of frame 16 ends can make soil be able to abundant compacting, realized loose soil and the effect of not turning over.In draw-gear, lambdoid suspension holdfast 1 lower end is fixed in the front portion of frame 16, and lambdoid oscillation damping pull rod 2 lower ends are fixed in the middle part of frame 16.Suspension holdfast 1 upper end is affixed with oscillation damping pull rod 2 upper ends and be connected with pin-and-hole 25 with the draw-gear of tractor.
Referring to accompanying drawing 1, deep soil loosing shovel is divided into half deep soil loosing shovel 9 and full deep soil loosing shovel 12, is arranged at respectively the front and rear of frame 16, and the shovel body is with spear 8 for bolt is connected, and mounting or dismounting are convenient.The function of deep soil loosing shovel is chesson, and the setting that level is loose is the subsoiling better effects if, and operating efficiency is higher.
Referring to accompanying drawing 2, be provided with fertilizer apparatus on frame.Fertile case 4 is fixed on the fertile case strutbeam 3 at frame 16 rear portions by shock-absorbing spring 11, and defertilizing tube 15 vertically is fixed in the trailing flank of full deep soil loosing shovel 12.Defertilizing tube soil returning plate 14 is fixed in the lower outlet of defertilizing tube 15, and the fertilizer outlet of fertile case 4 is connected with the import of defertilizing tube 15 with flexible pipe.And be provided with ball 20 in defertilizing tube 15, be provided with screwed hole 21 on defertilizing tube 15, by regulating ball 20 height and position of 15 in defertilizing tube, can realize the adjusting to fertilizing amount, defertilizing tube 15 is fixed on the rear side of full deep soil loosing shovel 12 by the connecting plate 22 at middle part.
Referring to accompanying drawing 3, in depth control apparatus, 2 bracing frames 17 vertically are fixed in respectively on the lateral surface of gauge wheel strutbeam 18 of frame 16 left and right sides, and gauge wheel 10 is fixed in the lower end of bracing frame 17.Equal limited deep thread hole 19 on bracing frame 17 and gauge wheel strutbeam 18, can regulate the height of gauge wheel 10.
Referring to accompanying drawing 4, in vibrating device, vibration generating mechanism is connected with the output shaft of motor 5.The output shaft of motor 5 is connected with rotating shaft 23 by shaft coupling 6, and crank web 7 is fixed in rotating shaft 23, and is connected with connecting rod.The similar slider-crank mechanism of vibration principle.Deep soil loosing shovel 12 vertically is fixed on frame 16 and with connecting rod 24 use pin-and-holes 25 and is connected.Electromotor 5 drives rotating shaft 23 and rotates, and crank web 7 rotates under the drive of rotating shaft 23, by the adjusting to crank web 7 setting angles, can realize the adjusting to deep soil loosing shovel 12 up-down vibration, has realized adjustable alternating expression vibration.And the vibration orientation, sequentially, angle is all adjustable.
Its course of work is: the power by tractor output is inputted subsoiler and drives its motion by suspension holdfast 1, the power of motor 5 is passed to rotating shaft 23 by shaft coupling 6, crank web 7 rotates under the drive of rotating shaft 23, and realizes the alternating expression vibrating subsoiling of deep soil loosing shovel 12 by 7 setting angles of regulating crank web.Fertilizer in fertile case 4 enter the lower outlet of defertilizing tube 15 by flexible pipe, the adjusting by the height and position to the interior ball 20 of defertilizing tube 15 realizes the adjusting to fertilizing amount.And the press wheel 13 of frame 16 ends moves and can make soil be able to abundant compacting with frame, realized loose soil and the effect of not turning over.

Claims (5)

1. the subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration, include rack-mounted vibrating subsoiling device, depth control apparatus, fertilizer apparatus, draw-gear, it is characterized in that: described draw-gear includes suspension holdfast, described suspension holdfast is arranged on the leading section middle part of frame, the deep soil loosing shovel of described vibrating subsoiling device includes half deep soil loosing shovel and full deep soil loosing shovel and alternating expression vibration generating arrangement, described half deep soil loosing shovel is fixedly installed in the leading section of frame, described full deep soil loosing shovel is arranged on the rearward end of frame, and coordinate with the guide pin bushing guiding on frame, described alternating expression vibration generating arrangement includes interval and is arranged on the many groups crank web in rotating shaft, between described crank web, connecting rod is installed, the lower end of described connecting rod is connected with the upper end of full deep soil loosing shovel, described rotating shaft is driven by the motor of one end, the trailing flank of described full deep soil loosing shovel is equipped with vertical defertilizing tube, described fertilizer apparatus includes fertile case, described fertile case is fixedly mounted on the fertile case strutbeam in frame by damping spring, the fertilizer outlet of described fertile case is connected with the import of defertilizing tube with flexible pipe, described depth control apparatus is the gauge wheel that is arranged on the adjustable in depth of frame both sides, the frame both sides at described gauge wheel rear are equipped with by pull bar the press wheel that is placed in rear respectively.
2. the subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine that alternating expression according to claim 1 vibrates, it is characterized in that: described suspension holdfast is herringbone, the vertical pull bar lower end of described herringbone is fixed in the front portion of frame, and the vertical pull bar upper end of herringbone is affixed with the shock absorption trolley upper end and be connected with pin-and-hole with the draw-gear of tractor, the brace lower end of described herringbone is fixed in the middle part of frame.
3. the subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression according to claim 1 vibration is characterized in that: described half deep soil loosing shovel and full the shovel body of deep soil loosing shovel with spear, be that bolt is connected, between the upper end of described full deep soil loosing shovel and connecting rod, by bearing pin, be connected.
4. the subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine that alternating expression according to claim 1 vibrates, it is characterized in that: described gauge wheel is arranged on the lower end of gauge wheel strutbeam, be set with depth adjuster on described gauge wheel strutbeam, and be fixed on frame by depth adjuster, be distributed with the locking screw pit on described depth adjuster.
5. the subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine that alternating expression according to claim 1 vibrates, it is characterized in that: described defertilizing tube is fixed on the rear side of full deep soil loosing shovel by the connecting plate at middle part, ball is installed in described defertilizing tube, on described defertilizing tube sidewall, is distributed with the screwed hole that can regulate the ball installation site.
CN201310385432.4A 2013-08-29 2013-08-29 A kind of subsoiling fertilization all-in-one machine of alternating expression vibration Expired - Fee Related CN103477741B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221507A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 旅顺鸡冠山农场 Deep-scarification cultivation mechanism
CN105230150A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 宿州市埇桥区翔宇农机专业合作社 Vibrating subsoiler
CN106817927A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-06-13 青岛农业大学 Rotation type subsoiler
CN109041605A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-21 华中农业大学 Pack roller drives subsoiling shovel tip vibration type deep-loosening machine
RU190285U1 (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-25 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Ульяновский государственный аграрный университет имени П.А. Столыпина" COMBINED SEEDING UNIT
CN110199651A (en) * 2019-06-29 2019-09-06 山东省农业机械科学研究院 The lower more shovel pieces of crop harvester of soil orderly vibrate excavating gear
CN112400441A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-26 杭州青桐林园林设计有限公司 Afforestation soil improvement equipment
CN112655293A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-16 华中农业大学 Spade type combined cultivator for rape
CN113068461A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-06 吉林大学 Intelligent robot capable of performing soil operation and control method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2277162Y (en) * 1996-09-28 1998-04-01 王均照 Mechanical floating digging machine
CN102077709A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-06-01 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Subsoiler used together with four-wheel tractor
CN102132642A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-07-27 中国农业大学 Vibration subsoiling fertilizer applicator
CN201905011U (en) * 2010-07-02 2011-07-27 长春市农业机械研究院 Intertilling and deep-digging fertilizer applicator with press wheel
CN202153822U (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-03-07 潍坊道成机电科技有限公司 Vibratory deep loosener
CN102823348A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-12-19 中国农业大学 Subsoiler vibrating in staggering way

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2277162Y (en) * 1996-09-28 1998-04-01 王均照 Mechanical floating digging machine
CN201905011U (en) * 2010-07-02 2011-07-27 长春市农业机械研究院 Intertilling and deep-digging fertilizer applicator with press wheel
CN102132642A (en) * 2010-12-24 2011-07-27 中国农业大学 Vibration subsoiling fertilizer applicator
CN102077709A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-06-01 青海林丰农牧机械制造有限公司 Subsoiler used together with four-wheel tractor
CN202153822U (en) * 2011-07-15 2012-03-07 潍坊道成机电科技有限公司 Vibratory deep loosener
CN102823348A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-12-19 中国农业大学 Subsoiler vibrating in staggering way

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221507A (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-24 旅顺鸡冠山农场 Deep-scarification cultivation mechanism
CN105230150A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 宿州市埇桥区翔宇农机专业合作社 Vibrating subsoiler
CN106817927A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-06-13 青岛农业大学 Rotation type subsoiler
CN109041605A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-21 华中农业大学 Pack roller drives subsoiling shovel tip vibration type deep-loosening machine
CN109041605B (en) * 2018-08-24 2021-07-30 华中农业大学 Compacting roller driven deep scarification shovel point vibration type deep scarification machine
RU190285U1 (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-06-25 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Ульяновский государственный аграрный университет имени П.А. Столыпина" COMBINED SEEDING UNIT
CN110199651A (en) * 2019-06-29 2019-09-06 山东省农业机械科学研究院 The lower more shovel pieces of crop harvester of soil orderly vibrate excavating gear
CN112400441A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-26 杭州青桐林园林设计有限公司 Afforestation soil improvement equipment
CN112400441B (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-08-31 杭州青桐林园林设计有限公司 Afforestation soil improvement equipment
CN112655293A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-16 华中农业大学 Spade type combined cultivator for rape
CN112655293B (en) * 2020-12-29 2022-04-05 华中农业大学 Spade type combined cultivator for rape
CN113068461A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-06 吉林大学 Intelligent robot capable of performing soil operation and control method thereof

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