CN103438434A - Bio-particle fuel burner - Google Patents

Bio-particle fuel burner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103438434A
CN103438434A CN2013103753906A CN201310375390A CN103438434A CN 103438434 A CN103438434 A CN 103438434A CN 2013103753906 A CN2013103753906 A CN 2013103753906A CN 201310375390 A CN201310375390 A CN 201310375390A CN 103438434 A CN103438434 A CN 103438434A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
air
granular fuel
adjustable shunt
waste
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CN2013103753906A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103438434B (en
Inventor
蔡春祥
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蔡春祥
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Priority to CN201310375390.6A priority Critical patent/CN103438434B/en
Publication of CN103438434A publication Critical patent/CN103438434A/en
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Publication of CN103438434B publication Critical patent/CN103438434B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to fuel-burning equipment and provides a bio-particle fuel burner. According to the bio-particle fuel burner, the burner fast to ignite can reduce fuel loss, improve the utilization efficiency of fuel, save energy and protect environment, a machine table operates safely and stably, the burning power is large and the automatic level is high. The bio-particle fuel burner comprises a machine frame, a combustion chamber, a bin, a PLC, a temperature sensor and an air blower, wherein the combustion chamber, the bin, the PLC, the temperature sensor and the air blower are arranged on the machine frame. The bio-particle fuel burner further comprises an adjustable-air flow-distributing device and an ignition device. The bin is provided with a discharge device. The combustion chamber is provided with a feed pipe communicated with the discharge device of the bin. The air blower is communicated with an air inlet of the combustion chamber through the adjustable-air flow-distributing device. A flow-distributing output pipe air outlet of the adjustable-air flow-distributing device is further communicated with a feed pipe discharge opening of the combustion chamber. The ignition device comprises an ignition transformer and an electric stove wire connected with the ignition transformer. The electric stove wire is arranged in the combustion chamber. The PLC is connected with the discharge device, the ignition transformer, the temperature sensor and the adjustable-air flow-distributing device respectively.

Description

The biological granular fuel combustor

Technical field

The present invention relates to combustion apparatus, particularly a kind of biological granular fuel combustor.

Background technology

At present, conventional energy resource, for example coal, oil, natural gas, be becoming tight supply day, application cost goes up always.In addition, people's environmental consciousness constantly strengthens, and developmental technology of new energy resources also makes decided progress.Under this background, various new forms of energy have all entered large-scale application, such as wind energy, solar energy, biomass energy etc.For biomass energy, large-scale agricultural, production of forestry provide raw material endlessly for it, such as corn stalk, rice husk, peanut shell, corncob, sawdust, wood shavings etc.As the capital equipment of biomass utilization, the biomass granule fuel combustor has been subject to the industry extensive concern.In prior art, biological granular fuel combustor speed of ignition is slow, usually to carry out preheating through the long period, rise to the temperature required time long simultaneously, its ignition temperature is again to regulate the size of firepower by the supply of fuel metering, and air feed system is still to carry out work with peak power, until in stove, temperature rises to setting value.Such regulative mode, can cause a large amount of loss of fuel, more other fuel machines that even need that can consume energy are on the contrary assisted a ruler in governing a country, lost the environment protecting that adopts plant waste to bring as combustion medium, its feeding system is to utilize equipment directly granular fuel to be delivered to combustion chamber, this feeding style not only is unfavorable for enlarging the granule materials source, for example can not directly input sawdust, and be difficult to improve the automatization level of feeding, feeder equipment is subject to more limitation, in addition, there is the risk of pouring in down a chimney loopback material passage and then burning out board in the flame of combustion chamber internal combustion.

Summary of the invention

Therefore, for above-mentioned problem, the present invention propose a kind of can be fast to the combustor igniting, reduce fuel consumption, improve fuel availability, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the board security of operation is stable, combustion power is large, automatization level is high biological granular fuel combustor.

For solving this technical problem, the present invention takes following scheme: the biological granular fuel combustor, comprise frame and be located at the combustion chamber on frame, feed bin, the PLC controller, temperature sensor and air blast, also comprise air adjustable shunt device and igniter, described feed bin is provided with drawing mechanism, described combustion chamber is provided with the feed pipe be communicated with the drawing mechanism of feed bin, described temperature sensor is located in combustion chamber, described air blast is connected with the air inlet of combustion chamber for adjusting the firepower of combustion chamber crater through air adjustable shunt device, the feed pipe discharging opening place of the Hai Yu combustion chamber, shunting efferent duct gas outlet of described air adjustable shunt device is connected and prevents that for logical the burning refluence is to charging line, described igniter comprises ignition transformer and the electric furnace heating wire be connected with ignition transformer, described electric furnace heating wire is located in combustion chamber, described PLC controller respectively with drawing mechanism, ignition transformer, temperature sensor is connected with air adjustable shunt device.

Further, also comprise waste-heat recovery device, described waste-heat recovery device is the hollow chamber that outer surface has thermal insulation layer, described waste-heat recovery device is coated on the outside, combustion chamber, described waste-heat recovery device one end is connected with the shunting efferent duct of air adjustable shunt device, and the other end is provided with the hot gas gas outlet parallel with the crater of combustion chamber.

Further, the charging line between described feed bin and combustion chamber is provided with spiral discharging device from granular fuel to combustion chamber that carry.

Further, bottom, described combustion chamber is provided with screen pack, and this screen pack below is provided with waste residue collection chamber.

Further, described waste residue collection chamber bottom is provided with the slag-drip opening that can open or close.

Further, also comprise aerator, the oxygen gas outlet of described aerator is connected with the air inlet of air adjustable shunt device.

Further, the discharging opening of described combustion chamber feed pipe is located at top of combustion chamber, the shunting efferent duct gas outlet of described air adjustable shunt device be located at the combustion chamber feed pipe discharging opening directly over.

Further, also comprise alarm and, for detection of the material detector of residual fuel in feed bin, described alarm all is connected with the PLC controller with the material detector.

By adopting the aforementioned techniques scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: making it very fast generation high temperature by ignition transformer height voltage transitions generation heavy current to electric furnace heating wire is the fuel rapid-ignition in combustion chamber, by the temperature in the temperature sensor senses combustion chamber, control the feed quantity of drawing mechanism of feed bin and the air quantity that is delivered to the combustion chamber air inlet by PLC controller regulation and control adjustable shunt device by PLC again, the firepower size of dual regulation combustion chamber crater and flame range, shunting efferent duct gas outlet output wind-force by air adjustable shunt device prevents that the feed pipe discharging opening place burning refluence of combustion chamber is to charging line again, making the present invention have can light a fire to combustor fast, reduce fuel consumption, improve fuel availability, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the board security of operation is stable, combustion power is large, the remarkable result that automatization level is high, by further improvement, i.e. the setting of waste-heat recovery device, further improved energy utilization rate, reduced the loss of fuel, by spiral discharging device is set on feeding channel, has made the present invention increase again and one heavily prevented that the feed pipe discharging opening place burning of combustion chamber from flowing backwards to the protection of charging line, by the screen pack waste residue of draining in time is set, further improved combustion power of the present invention, by increasing aerator, make in combustion chamber sufficient oxygen is arranged, improved combustion power, by the surplus of fuel in material detector real-time detecting material storehouse, preventing that fuel is finished affects machine operation, the automation that has improved board.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of another view of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of combustion chamber and waste-heat recovery device combination in the embodiment of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Now with the specific embodiment, the present invention is further described by reference to the accompanying drawings.

With reference to figure 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, biological granular fuel combustor of the present invention, comprise frame 1 and be located at the combustion chamber 2 on frame 1, feed bin 3, PLC controller 4, temperature sensor, air blast 5, air adjustable shunt device 6, igniter 7, waste-heat recovery device 8, alarm and material detector, described feed bin 3 is provided with drawing mechanism 9, described combustion chamber 2 is provided with the feed pipe 10 be communicated with the drawing mechanism of feed bin 3, described temperature sensor is located in combustion chamber 2, described air blast 5 is connected for adjusting the firepower of combustion chamber 2 craters 202 with the air inlet 201 of combustion chamber 2 through air adjustable shunt device 6, the feed pipe 10 discharging opening places of the 601Hai Yu combustion chamber, shunting efferent duct gas outlet 2 of described air adjustable shunt device 6 are connected and prevent that for logical the burning refluence is to charging line 11, the discharging opening of described combustion chamber 2 feed pipes 10 is located at 2 tops, combustion chamber, the shunting efferent duct gas outlet 601 of described air adjustable shunt device 6 be located at combustion chamber 2 feed pipes 10 discharging opening directly over, described igniter 7 comprises ignition transformer and the electric furnace heating wire 701 be connected with ignition transformer, described electric furnace heating wire 701 is located in combustion chamber 2, described PLC controller 4 respectively with drawing mechanism 9, ignition transformer, temperature sensor, air adjustable shunt device 6, alarm is connected with the material detector, described waste-heat recovery device 8 has the hollow chamber of thermal insulation layer for outer surface, described waste-heat recovery device 8 is coated on 2 outsides, combustion chamber, described waste-heat recovery device 8 one ends are connected with the shunting efferent duct of air adjustable shunt device 6, the other end is provided with the hot gas gas outlet 801 parallel with the crater 202 of combustion chamber 2, charging line 11 between described feed bin 3 and combustion chamber 2 is provided with the spiral discharging device 12 of the 2 conveying granular fuels to combustion chamber, 2 bottoms, described combustion chamber are provided with screen pack 13, these screen pack 13 belows are provided with waste residue collection chamber 14, described waste residue collection chamber 14 bottoms are provided with the slag-drip opening 15 that can open or close, described material detector is for detection of residual fuel in feed bin 3, described alarm all is connected with PLC controller 4 with the material detector.

The aerator that improves the burning indoor oxygen can also be set in the present invention on frame, and the link position of this aerator closes and is: the oxygen gas outlet of aerator is connected with the air inlet of air adjustable shunt device, and aerator connects and be controlled by the PLC controller.

It is the fuel rapid-ignition in combustion chamber that the present invention makes it very fast generation high temperature by ignition transformer height voltage transitions generation heavy current to electric furnace heating wire, by the temperature in the temperature sensor senses combustion chamber, control the feed quantity of drawing mechanism of feed bin and the air quantity that is delivered to the combustion chamber air inlet by PLC controller regulation and control adjustable shunt device by PLC again, the firepower size of dual regulation combustion chamber crater and flame range, shunting efferent duct gas outlet output wind-force by air adjustable shunt device prevents that the feed pipe discharging opening place burning refluence of combustion chamber is to charging line again, making the present invention have can light a fire to combustor fast, reduce fuel consumption, improve fuel availability, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the board security of operation is stable, combustion power is large, the remarkable result that automatization level is high, by further improvement, i.e. the setting of waste-heat recovery device, further improved energy utilization rate, reduced the loss of fuel, by spiral discharging device is set on feeding channel, has made the present invention increase again and one heavily prevented that the feed pipe discharging opening place burning of combustion chamber from flowing backwards to the protection of charging line, by the screen pack waste residue of draining in time is set, further improved combustion power of the present invention, by increasing aerator, make in combustion chamber sufficient oxygen is arranged, improved combustion power, by the surplus of fuel in material detector real-time detecting material storehouse, preventing that fuel is finished affects machine operation, the automation that has improved board.

Although specifically show and introduced the present invention in conjunction with preferred embodiment; but the those skilled in the art should be understood that; within not breaking away from the spirit and scope of the present invention that appended claims limits; can make a variety of changes the present invention in the form and details, be protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. biological granular fuel combustor, comprise frame and be located at the combustion chamber on frame, feed bin, the PLC controller, temperature sensor and air blast, it is characterized in that: also comprise air adjustable shunt device and igniter, described feed bin is provided with drawing mechanism, described combustion chamber is provided with the feed pipe be communicated with the drawing mechanism of feed bin, described temperature sensor is located in combustion chamber, described air blast is connected with the air inlet of combustion chamber for adjusting the firepower of combustion chamber crater through air adjustable shunt device, the feed pipe discharging opening place of the Hai Yu combustion chamber, shunting efferent duct gas outlet of described air adjustable shunt device is connected and prevents that for logical the burning refluence is to charging line, described igniter comprises ignition transformer and the electric furnace heating wire be connected with ignition transformer, described electric furnace heating wire is located in combustion chamber, described PLC controller respectively with drawing mechanism, ignition transformer, temperature sensor is connected with air adjustable shunt device.
2. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise waste-heat recovery device, described waste-heat recovery device is the hollow chamber that outer surface has thermal insulation layer, described waste-heat recovery device is coated on the outside, combustion chamber, described waste-heat recovery device one end is connected with the shunting efferent duct of air adjustable shunt device, and the other end is provided with the hot gas gas outlet parallel with the crater of combustion chamber.
3. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the charging line between described feed bin and combustion chamber is provided with spiral discharging device from granular fuel to combustion chamber that carry.
4. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with screen pack bottom described combustion chamber, be provided with waste residue collection chamber below this screen pack.
5. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described waste residue collection chamber bottom is provided with the slag-drip opening that can open or close.
6. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise aerator, the oxygen gas outlet of described aerator is connected with the air inlet of air adjustable shunt device.
7. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the discharging opening of described combustion chamber feed pipe is located at top of combustion chamber, the shunting efferent duct gas outlet of described air adjustable shunt device be located at the combustion chamber feed pipe discharging opening directly over.
8. biological granular fuel combustor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise alarm and, for detection of the material detector of residual fuel in feed bin, described alarm all is connected with the PLC controller with the material detector.
CN201310375390.6A 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Bio-particle fuel burner CN103438434B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310375390.6A CN103438434B (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Bio-particle fuel burner

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310375390.6A CN103438434B (en) 2013-08-26 2013-08-26 Bio-particle fuel burner

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CN103438434A true CN103438434A (en) 2013-12-11
CN103438434B CN103438434B (en) 2016-09-28

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104501204A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-08 兰溪市田农新能源科技有限公司 Temperature induction device for bio-particle boiler
CN105076513A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-11-25 杭州千岛湖丰凯实业有限公司 Granular fuel-adopted tea strip tidying machine
CN105423287A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-23 云南佳叶工贸有限公司 Novel biomass granular fuel combustion device
CN106642192A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 长沙市驱动源电气技术有限公司 Vibrating feed combustor and control method thereof
CN107339688A (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-11-10 富兴Safe株式会社 Granular fuel burning baking machine
CN107621081A (en) * 2016-07-13 2018-01-23 特鲁玛杰拉特技术有限公司 The method of firing equipment and operation firing equipment
CN109268868A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-25 湖州源泽智能科技有限公司 A kind of smart feeding control system of new energy fuel boiler

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CN2451924Y (en) * 2000-09-27 2001-10-03 丁儒征 Domestic stove ignitor
CN201724208U (en) * 2010-07-20 2011-01-26 北京苏阳环能科技有限公司 Novel spray-type biomass pellet burner
JP2011038703A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-02-24 Kaneko Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Stirring combustion method and device of the same
CN201897207U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-13 衡阳市大成锅炉有限公司 Automatic control biomass boiler
CN202521630U (en) * 2012-03-05 2012-11-07 钟法明 Air supply system of biomass particle burner
CN202973162U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Inlet air automatic control system of biomass furnace
CN202993262U (en) * 2012-12-22 2013-06-12 张广新 Rapid ignition biomass combustor
JP2013130302A (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-07-04 Naniwa Roki Kenkyusho:Kk Combustion device
CN203489252U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-19 蔡春祥 Biomass granular fuel combustion machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2451924Y (en) * 2000-09-27 2001-10-03 丁儒征 Domestic stove ignitor
JP2011038703A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-02-24 Kaneko Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd Stirring combustion method and device of the same
CN201724208U (en) * 2010-07-20 2011-01-26 北京苏阳环能科技有限公司 Novel spray-type biomass pellet burner
CN201897207U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-13 衡阳市大成锅炉有限公司 Automatic control biomass boiler
JP2013130302A (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-07-04 Naniwa Roki Kenkyusho:Kk Combustion device
CN202521630U (en) * 2012-03-05 2012-11-07 钟法明 Air supply system of biomass particle burner
CN202973162U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Inlet air automatic control system of biomass furnace
CN202993262U (en) * 2012-12-22 2013-06-12 张广新 Rapid ignition biomass combustor
CN203489252U (en) * 2013-08-26 2014-03-19 蔡春祥 Biomass granular fuel combustion machine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105076513B (en) * 2014-12-12 2018-05-18 杭州千岛湖丰凯实业有限公司 Granular fuel carding machine
CN105076513A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-11-25 杭州千岛湖丰凯实业有限公司 Granular fuel-adopted tea strip tidying machine
CN104501204A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-08 兰溪市田农新能源科技有限公司 Temperature induction device for bio-particle boiler
CN105423287A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-23 云南佳叶工贸有限公司 Novel biomass granular fuel combustion device
CN107339688B (en) * 2016-04-28 2020-06-16 富兴Safe株式会社 Roaster for burning granular fuel
CN107339688A (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-11-10 富兴Safe株式会社 Granular fuel burning baking machine
CN107621081A (en) * 2016-07-13 2018-01-23 特鲁玛杰拉特技术有限公司 The method of firing equipment and operation firing equipment
CN106642192B (en) * 2017-02-17 2019-01-15 长沙市驱动源电气技术有限公司 Vibration-type is fed combustor and its control method
CN106642192A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 长沙市驱动源电气技术有限公司 Vibrating feed combustor and control method thereof
CN109268868A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-25 湖州源泽智能科技有限公司 A kind of smart feeding control system of new energy fuel boiler

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