CN104613641A - Biomass particle combustion furnace for flue-cured tobaccos - Google Patents

Biomass particle combustion furnace for flue-cured tobaccos Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104613641A
CN104613641A CN201410648585.8A CN201410648585A CN104613641A CN 104613641 A CN104613641 A CN 104613641A CN 201410648585 A CN201410648585 A CN 201410648585A CN 104613641 A CN104613641 A CN 104613641A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue
combustion furnace
biological particles
particles combustion
fire grate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410648585.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104613641B (en
Inventor
陈战
李华严
刘忠明
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GUANGXI JIEDELE BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUANGXI JIEDELE BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410648585.8A priority Critical patent/CN104613641B/en
Publication of CN104613641A publication Critical patent/CN104613641A/en
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Publication of CN104613641B publication Critical patent/CN104613641B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention provides a biomass particle combustion furnace for flue-cured tobaccos. The furnace comprises a biomass particle combustion furnace body and a heat exchange chamber. The biomass particle combustion furnace body comprises a main furnace body and a feeding device, a fire grate is arranged in a hearth of the main furnace body, a basin-shaped depression is formed in the central position of the fire grate, and the heat exchange chamber is arranged on the hearth. The feeding device comprises a bin, a spiral feeding device, a variable frequency motor and a conveying pipe, the lower end of the conveying pipe is obliquely communicated with the position above the fire grate, the heat exchange chamber is divided into a smoke chamber and a hot air chamber which are sealed and conduct heat to each other, a cooling coil is arranged in the smoke chamber, smoke generated in the biomass particle combustion furnace body flows through the cooling coil to be discharged out of a chimney, and a circulating pipeline connected with a flue-cured tobacco chamber is arranged in the hot air chamber and connected with a circulating fan.

Description

Flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biological particles combustion furnace, the biological particles combustion furnace that particularly a kind of flue-cured tobacco is used.
Background technology
At present, general coal furnace or the oil burner of adopting provides heat for tobacco flue-curing house, and coal-fired or fuel oil has very large pollution problem after combustion.Along with air quality is more and more subject to the attention of the public, be badly in need of using the more clean energy to provide heat to tobacco flue-curing house.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the invention is to: a kind of flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace is provided, solve existing coal furnace or oil burner for tobacco flue-curing house and provide heat and Problems existing.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace, it is characterized in that: comprise biological particles combustion furnace and heat-exchanging chamber, described biological particles combustion furnace comprises body of heater and pay-off, wherein:
Be provided with fire grate in the burner hearth of described body of heater, described fire grate position is provided with igniter, is provided with described heat-exchanging chamber above described burner hearth;
Described pay-off comprises feed bin, feeding screw, variable-frequency motor and conveying pipeline, the arrival end of described feeding screw connects with the discharging opening of described feed bin, the port of export of described feeding screw connects with one end of described conveying pipeline, the other end of described conveying pipeline is tilted to down the top being communicated to described fire grate, and described variable-frequency motor is connected with described feeding screw power;
But described heat-exchanging chamber is divided into sealing mutually the smoke chamber of heat transfer and hot air chamber, radiator coil tube is provided with in described smoke chamber, the flue gas produced in described biological particles combustion furnace is discharged through chimney after flowing through described radiator coil tube, be provided with the circulating line be connected with tobacco flue-curing house in described hot air chamber, described circulating line is connected with circulating fan.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: described biological particles combustion furnace also comprises air-supply arrangement, the two-way airduct that described air-supply arrangement comprises blower fan and connects with blower fan, wherein a transportation work style pipe is communicated to the air outlet of described burner hearth bottom, and another transportation work style pipe does whirlwind oxygen supply to fire grate surrounding in furnace sandwich.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: the position of the corresponding fire grate surrounding of described furnace sandwich is circumferentially provided with multiple oblique air intake vent, to form described whirlwind.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: described fire grate center is provided with peviform depression, is provided with described igniter at described peviform recess, and the other end of described conveying pipeline is tilted to down the top being communicated to described peviform depression.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: set temperature sensor in described tobacco flue-curing house, described temperature sensor is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: set temperature sensor in the burner hearth of described body of heater, described temperature sensor is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
In described flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace: respectively set temperature sensor in described burner hearth and described tobacco flue-curing house, the temperature sensor in described burner hearth and described tobacco flue-curing house is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
The present invention compared with prior art, has following advantage:
1, adopt biomass granule fuel, comparing fire coal can reduce operating cost 10-20%, and comparing fuel oil (combustion gas) can reduce operating cost 30-50%; Biomass granule fuel is renewable resource, and tasteless dustless, can improve tobacco roasting quality, and meet environmental requirement.
2, automatic ignition and self-feeding can be realized, reduce cost of labor, avoid burning accident.
3, Based Intelligent Control can be carried out to ignition temperature and tobacco flue-curing house temperature, improve flue cured tobacco quality.
4, adopt depressed fire grate structure and eddy flow air-supply structure, efficiency of combustion can be made to reach more than 92%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional structure chart of biological particles combustion furnace provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is longitudinal sectional structure chart of the tobacco flue-curing house connected with biological particles combustion furnace provided by the invention.
Description of reference numerals: burner hearth 10; Fire grate 12; Igniter 13; Feed bin 20; Feeding screw 21; Variable-frequency motor 22; Conveying pipeline 23; Blower fan 30; One transportation work style pipe 31; Another transportation work style pipe 32; Heat-exchanging chamber 40; Smoke chamber 41; Radiator coil tube 411; Chimney 412; Hot air chamber 42; Circulating line 421; Circulating fan 422.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, biological particles combustion furnace provided by the invention, comprises body of heater, pay-off and air-supply arrangement, wherein:
Be provided with fire grate 12 in the burner hearth 10 of described body of heater, described fire grate 12 center is provided with peviform depression, is provided with igniter 13, is provided with heat-exchanging chamber 40 above described burner hearth 10 at described peviform recess;
Described pay-off comprises feed bin 20, feeding screw 21, variable-frequency motor 22 and conveying pipeline 23, the arrival end of described feeding screw 21 connects with the discharging opening of described feed bin 20, the port of export of described feeding screw 21 connects with one end of described conveying pipeline 23, the other end of described conveying pipeline 23 is tilted to down the top being communicated to described peviform depression, described variable-frequency motor 22 is connected with described feeding screw 21 power, carried to the port of export by material in feeding screw 21, then material falls under gravity in peviform depression;
The two-way airduct that described air-supply arrangement comprises blower fan 30 and connects with blower fan 30, wherein a transportation work style pipe 31 is communicated to the air outlet bottom described burner hearth 10, blow below described fire grate 12, another transportation work style pipe 32 does whirlwind oxygen supply to fire grate 12 surrounding in furnace sandwich, does secondary oxygen supply air-supply; In order to form described whirlwind oxygen supply, that the position of corresponding fire grate 12 surrounding inside described furnace sandwich is circumferentially provided with multiple oblique air outlet (figure slightly), the wind entering burner hearth 10 is made to form eddy flow in burner hearth 10, oxygen is made to supply on the one hand more even quick, flame can be made in the central burner of burner hearth 10 on the other hand, improve efficiency of combustion.
When work of the present invention, biomass granule fuel adds peviform recess to, then lighted by igniter 13, and the biomass granule fuel of follow-up interpolation is under high temperature and eddy flow air-supply effect, present half vaporized state, Boiling Combustion above peviform depression, can make its sufficient combustion, the discharge of decreasing pollution thing of trying one's best while obtaining the highest thermal efficiency.
Shown in Fig. 1, but described heat-exchanging chamber 40 is divided into sealing mutually the smoke chamber 41 of heat transfer and hot air chamber 42, radiator coil tube 411 is provided with in described smoke chamber 41, the flue gas produced in described biological particles combustion furnace is discharged through chimney 412 after flowing through described radiator coil tube 411, described radiator coil tube 411 makes smoke chamber 41 temperature raise, also the corresponding rising of temperature of described hot air chamber 42 is made by heat transfer, be provided with circulating line 421 in described hot air chamber 42 to be connected with tobacco flue-curing house, described circulating line 421 is connected with circulating fan 422, high temperature pure air in hot air chamber 42 is constantly delivered in tobacco flue-curing house in a steady stream.
As shown in Figure 2, be the vertical profile structure chart of general tobacco flue-curing house 50, enter the high temperature pure air in tobacco flue-curing house 50 from circulating line 421, after heat is distributed to tobacco flue-curing house 50, be back to again in described hot air chamber 42, formation circulates.
In order to the temperature in tobacco flue-curing house 50 accurately can be controlled, improve flue cured tobacco quality, can in described tobacco flue-curing house 50 set temperature sensor (figure slightly), described temperature sensor is connected with described variable-frequency motor 22 by controller (figure slightly) again, thus by accelerating or the speed of feeding of slowing down, the temperature in described tobacco flue-curing house 50 is controlled in setting numerical intervals.Certainly, described temperature sensor (figure slightly) also can be set in the burner hearth 10 of described body of heater, reach the object indirectly controlling tobacco flue-curing house 50 temperature.In addition, described temperature sensor (figure slightly) is set respectively in described burner hearth 10 and described tobacco flue-curing house 50, temperature sensor in described burner hearth 10 and described tobacco flue-curing house 50 is connected with described variable-frequency motor 22 by controller (figure slightly) again, control combustion temperature and tobacco flue-curing house 50 temperature, be also optional technical scheme simultaneously.
More than illustrate just illustrative for the purpose of the present invention; and nonrestrictive, those of ordinary skill in the art understand, when not departing from the spirit and scope that claim limits; many amendments, change or equivalence can be made, but all will fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace, is characterized in that: comprise biological particles combustion furnace and heat-exchanging chamber, described biological particles combustion furnace comprises body of heater and pay-off, wherein:
Be provided with fire grate in the burner hearth of described body of heater, described fire grate position is provided with igniter, is provided with described heat-exchanging chamber above described burner hearth;
Described pay-off comprises feed bin, feeding screw, variable-frequency motor and conveying pipeline, the arrival end of described feeding screw connects with the discharging opening of described feed bin, the port of export of described feeding screw connects with one end of described conveying pipeline, the other end of described conveying pipeline is tilted to down the top being communicated to described fire grate, and described variable-frequency motor is connected with described feeding screw power;
But described heat-exchanging chamber is divided into sealing mutually the smoke chamber of heat transfer and hot air chamber, radiator coil tube is provided with in described smoke chamber, the flue gas produced in described biological particles combustion furnace is discharged through chimney after flowing through described radiator coil tube, be provided with the circulating line be connected with tobacco flue-curing house in described hot air chamber, described circulating line is connected with circulating fan.
2. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described biological particles combustion furnace also comprises air-supply arrangement, the two-way airduct that described air-supply arrangement comprises blower fan and connects with blower fan, wherein a transportation work style pipe is communicated to the air outlet of described burner hearth bottom, and another transportation work style pipe does whirlwind oxygen supply to fire grate surrounding in furnace sandwich.
3. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the position of the corresponding fire grate surrounding of described furnace sandwich is circumferentially provided with multiple oblique air intake vent, to form described whirlwind.
4. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fire grate center is provided with peviform depression, be provided with described igniter at described peviform recess, the other end of described conveying pipeline is tilted to down the top being communicated to described peviform depression.
5. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: set temperature sensor in described tobacco flue-curing house, described temperature sensor is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
6. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that: set temperature sensor in the burner hearth of described body of heater, described temperature sensor is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
7. flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: respectively set temperature sensor in described burner hearth and described tobacco flue-curing house, the temperature sensor in described burner hearth and described tobacco flue-curing house is connected with described variable-frequency motor by controller again.
CN201410648585.8A 2014-11-14 2014-11-14 Flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace Expired - Fee Related CN104613641B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105240839A (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-01-13 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel combustion device
CN110410774A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-05 河南农业大学 A kind of flue-cured tobacco biomass burner

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4579102A (en) * 1983-04-14 1986-04-01 Sukup Eugene G Biomass heat exchanger furnace
CN101220311A (en) * 2008-01-30 2008-07-16 邓亚东 Stalk flue-cured tobacco fuel and stalk fuel stove for roasting tobacco
CN201088133Y (en) * 2007-10-04 2008-07-23 邓亚东 Card control tobacco-curing furnace
CN201897233U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-13 衡阳市大成锅炉有限公司 Air distribution system of biomass boiler
CN202040804U (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-16 乐山林江锅炉厂 Combustion device of biomass fuel boiler
CN202141027U (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-02-08 邵阳市金鹰锅炉有限公司 Environment-friendly energy-saving biomass hot pipe boiler
CN102853535A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 郭丰亮 Biomass particle hot-water boiler with double combustion chambers
CN202973162U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Inlet air automatic control system of biomass furnace
CN203489470U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-03-19 天津德为环保工程设备有限公司 Novel energy-saving and environment-friendly biomass boiler
CN204285782U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-22 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4579102A (en) * 1983-04-14 1986-04-01 Sukup Eugene G Biomass heat exchanger furnace
CN201088133Y (en) * 2007-10-04 2008-07-23 邓亚东 Card control tobacco-curing furnace
CN101220311A (en) * 2008-01-30 2008-07-16 邓亚东 Stalk flue-cured tobacco fuel and stalk fuel stove for roasting tobacco
CN201897233U (en) * 2010-11-22 2011-07-13 衡阳市大成锅炉有限公司 Air distribution system of biomass boiler
CN202040804U (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-11-16 乐山林江锅炉厂 Combustion device of biomass fuel boiler
CN202141027U (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-02-08 邵阳市金鹰锅炉有限公司 Environment-friendly energy-saving biomass hot pipe boiler
CN102853535A (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-01-02 郭丰亮 Biomass particle hot-water boiler with double combustion chambers
CN202973162U (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-06-05 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Inlet air automatic control system of biomass furnace
CN203489470U (en) * 2013-10-15 2014-03-19 天津德为环保工程设备有限公司 Novel energy-saving and environment-friendly biomass boiler
CN204285782U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-22 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Flue-cured tobacco biological particles combustion furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105240839A (en) * 2015-09-18 2016-01-13 广西节得乐生物质能源科技有限公司 Biomass fuel combustion device
CN110410774A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-05 河南农业大学 A kind of flue-cured tobacco biomass burner
CN110410774B (en) * 2019-07-16 2020-09-01 河南农业大学 Biomass burner for flue-cured tobacco

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