CN103426302B - Transfer station bus rapid transit compartment transfer information release system and release method - Google Patents

Transfer station bus rapid transit compartment transfer information release system and release method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103426302B
CN103426302B CN201210157603.3A CN201210157603A CN103426302B CN 103426302 B CN103426302 B CN 103426302B CN 201210157603 A CN201210157603 A CN 201210157603A CN 103426302 B CN103426302 B CN 103426302B
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time
public transport
transport vehicle
quick public
vehicle
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CN103426302A (en
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姜廷顺
李志恒
尹胜超
邹平
李东升
田宁
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李志恒
姜廷顺
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Abstract

The invention discloses a transfer station bus rapid transit compartment transfer information release system and release method and belongs to the field of intelligent transportation application technologies. According to the compartment transfer information release system and release method, if the arrival position of a current quick bus vehicle is not a transfer station, arrival time of the current quick bus vehicle is told to passengers in a compartment; if the arrival position of the current quick bus vehicle is the transfer station, the arrival time of all quick bus vehicles going to arrive at the transfer station is told to the passengers in the compartment. Thus, the passengers can know the time when the taking vehicle arrives the transfer station and the time of the vehicle which the passengers want to take arrives at the transfer station while the passengers are seated in the compartment, the passengers can know whether the passengers need to catch the vehicle which the passengers want to take hurriedly according to time difference, and great convenience is brought to the passengers on the vehicle.

Description

Bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop transfer information issuing system and dissemination method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of control over intelligent traffic, be specifically related to bus rapid transit compartment, a kind of transfer stop transfer information issuing system and dissemination method.
Background technology
Urban highway traffic is city " blood vessel ", and making it unimpeded is the guarantee of urban sustainable development.At present, urban highway traffic supply can not meet transport need far away, result in urban road traffic congestion.The origin cause of formation of urban traffic blocking is multifaceted, and how to meet transport need alleviation traffic congestion from raising public transport efficiency aspect is one of major subjects of traffic administration decision maker care.
Transport need refers to that people for various purposes and thing carry out the requirement of movement in every way in social public space.Therefore, how adopting that handling capacity of passengers is large, speed is fast, take the relatively little vehicles of path area, by people from first ground safety, easily and fast, punctual, comfortable, inexpensively move to second ground, is the target that traffic administration decision maker pursues.
In order to realize this target, bus rapid transit (BRT) is actively being built or opened in domestic and international big and medium-sized cities all, and be that bus rapid transit provides special lane and crossing signals priority function at road and signal control plane, guarantee that bus rapid transit does not disturb by other vehicles in traveling process, do not need by preferentially all-clear can be obtained during crossing to stop, guarantee that bus rapid transit operational process can be shown according to the time of running.
According to investigations, public transport is taken in citizens' activities about has people over half will could arrive destination by the public transport line of more than two or two.That is, usually take transit trip number more than 50 percent at least will by the transfer of a public traffic line, and the website having more than two and two bus rapid transit circuits to pass through is called transfer stop by us.Perfect along with urban mass transit network, transfer amount must increase.And implement the strategy of public traffic in priority, the emphasis of transport development will be main transfer citizens' activities for convenience by solving vehicle flowrate problem, improve service level as the direction of making great efforts.
And inaccuracy during quick public transport vehicle of the prior art in scheduling process or for passenger provide relevant information comprehensive in all have deficiency.How to guarantee that bus rapid transit operational process strictly keeps specific time interval, guarantees that arrival time can be accurate to second, and can be published in bus rapid transit compartment and reach transfer stop and be accurate to the time information of second and transfer quick public transport vehicle is accurate to the arrival time of second, be a difficult problem for bus rapid transit dispatching system.
In prior art, in the scheduling aspect of BRT vehicle, also continue traditional bus dispatching method, in prior art, the scheduling of BRT is carried out in the following way: be 1. mounted with on each BRT vehicle and can carry out the GPS locating module of communication transfer with dispatching center, utilize GPS locating module can obtain the real time position of BRT vehicle and be sent to dispatching center; 2. after dispatching center receives the positional information of BRT vehicle, associate with GIS Geographic Information System, match on electronic map road by the positional information of BRT vehicle, dispatcher can see the position of BRT vehicle on electronic chart; 3. dispatcher can transfer the execution timetable prestored from system, and according to performing the arrival time recorded in timetable, in conjunction with the scheduling experience scheduling BRT vehicle of dispatcher, commander BRT vehicle arrives website on time.But in prior art, following problem is existed to BRT vehicle scheduling:
(1) in prior art to the scheduling of BRT vehicle; carry out according to the scheduling experience of dispatcher; for dispatcher; owing to only having the moment arriving each website in scheduling instance table; there is no the position data that should arrive in seconds; so scheduling experience can only be relied on to dispatch according to the moment performing BRT vehicle in timetable and arrive each website; because the experience of each dispatcher is different; BRT vehicle often can be caused according to the regulation moment performed in timetable, each website cannot to be arrived with being accurate to second.Especially in rush hour on and off duty, the interval at the time of departure of BRT vehicle is less, often occurs that many BRT vehicles arrive the situation that same station or station long period of having do not have BRT vehicle to arrive yet simultaneously, provides administrative staff and bring inconvenience.
(2) be rely on the driver through training to carry out by rule of thumb driving in prior art, therefore the execution timetable formulated can only as reference that is secondary and scheduling of arranging an order according to class and grade, the enforcement of second cannot be accurate to, can not ensure that BRT vehicle arrives each website with being accurate to second completely, make troubles not only to the people of trip, be unfavorable for the operation ability improving BRT vehicle, also easily cause simultaneously and knock into the back, cause traffic hazard to occur.
(3) in prior art to the scheduling of BRT vehicle, that dispatch command is handed down to BRT vehicle by dispatching center by the form of data communication by dispatcher, therefore once BRT vehicle and dispatching center's communicating interrupt, just cannot implement scheduling, what more can not ensure scheduling is accurate to second.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to solve owing to cannot realize dispatching with being accurate to second quick public transport vehicle in prior art, therefore can not ensure that each quick public transport vehicle arrives transfer stop with can both being accurate to second, the time that therefore vehicle being accurate to second cannot be provided to arrive transfer stop for the passenger of ride-on vehicles and the vehicle that will change to arrive the time of transfer stop, give and need the passenger of transfer to make troubles.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides bus rapid transit compartment, a kind of transfer stop transfer information issuing system, it comprises:
Scheduling unit, vehicle dispatching performance element, realizes the first data communication unit of data transmission between described scheduling unit and described vehicle dispatching performance element;
Vehicle GPS positioning unit, realizes the second data communication unit that between described vehicle GPS positioning unit and described scheduling unit, data are transmitted;
Described vehicle GPS positioning unit is arranged on quick public transport vehicle; Driver drive in advance be provided with described vehicle GPS positioning unit quick public transport vehicle between every two adjacent sites of bus rapid transit route according to regulation speeds, described vehicle GPS positioning unit gathers the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle p.s. i, y i);
Described scheduling unit is arranged in dispatching center, and it comprises:
Schedule plan generation module, receives the position coordinates (x of the quick public transport vehicle that described vehicle GPS positioning unit collects p.s. by described second data communication unit i, y i) and time of vehicle operation T ischedule plan is formed after association; In the process that described in each, planned time table record quick public transport vehicle travels between adjacent sites p.s. the coordinate (x of reference position that should arrive i, y i) and running time T i; First described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
Schedule plan memory module, receive and store described schedule plan generation module generate described schedule plan;
The time of running shows generation module, when quick public transport vehicle is waited at the starting station and being dispatched a car, show generation module the described time of running from described schedule plan memory module, transfer all schedule plans meeting this quick public transport vehicle running route, according to the time of departure of this quick public transport vehicle, running time Ti in all described schedule plans is revised as the corresponding local time by the down time of each bus stop, generating run timetable, and by described first data communication unit, all described times of running are shown to be sent to the described vehicle dispatching performance element that corresponding quick public transport vehicle is arranged,
In-position judge module, its signal input part is connected with the signal output part showing generation module the described time of running, extract the in-position of quick public transport vehicle, judge whether the described in-position of quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, and read the time of arrival of quick public transport vehicle;
Transfer information issuing module, its signal input part is connected with the signal output part of described in-position judge module, if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, be then sent to described vehicle dispatching performance element by the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle through described first data communication unit; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and other all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop are sent to described vehicle dispatching performance element through described first data communication unit;
Described vehicle dispatching performance element is arranged on quick public transport vehicle, and it comprises:
Car information reminding module, the information of described transfer information issuing module issue is received by described first data communication unit, if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then remind to the passenger in compartment by the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then by all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop, be prompted to the passenger in compartment.
Described transfer information issuing module is built-in with the transfer distance between the bus rapid transit of the different train numbers of all transfer stops;
If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to described car information reminding module quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking by described first data communication unit from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
Described vehicle dispatching performance element also comprises:
The time of running shows memory module, and the described time of running receiving described first data communication unit transmission is shown and stores;
GPS locating module, with the coordinate (x of 1 second for the physical location of cycle collection quick public transport vehicle d, y d);
Multilevel iudge module, receives the data showing memory module and the output of described GPS locating module the described time of running; By the coordinate (x of the physical location of the quick public transport vehicle of current time d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d; By T dcompare with current time T, computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, compare with deviation alarm threshold value C: if during Cw≤C, judge that current quick public transport vehicle normally travels; If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of time, judge the delayed traveling of current quick public transport vehicle; If Cw>C, and T-T dduring for negative value, judge that current quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
Deviation display module, receives the judged result of described multilevel iudge module, and whether prompting driver current time quick public transport vehicle is sailed according to the table row time of running.
Described vehicle dispatching performance element also comprises auditory tone cues module, be connected with the signal output part of described multilevel iudge module, according to the judged result of described multilevel iudge module, whether sailed according to the table row time of running by voice signal prompting driver quick public transport vehicle.
Described vehicle GPS positioning unit has identical specifications parameter with described GPS locating module.
The present invention also provides a kind of and utilizes above-mentioned bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop transfer information issuing method, comprises the steps:
I. schedule plan is generated
1. for each bus rapid transit route, by driver quick public transport vehicle speeds according to the rules between every two adjacent sites, the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle is gathered p.s. i, y i);
Position coordinates (the x of the quick public transport vehicle 2. p.s. collected i, y i) as reference position coordinate, by running time T ias reference time, form schedule plan after association, first described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
II. generating run timetable
Transfer all schedule plans relevant to a bus rapid transit route, according to frequency, each down time of stopping website of each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle of this route, by the running time T in described schedule plan ichange the corresponding local time into as reference instant, formed and show one group of time of running corresponding with each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle; All described times of running are shown to send to quick public transport vehicle;
III. generate compartment to release news
S1, judge current time T whether equal a certain time of running table in record initial time; If equal, assign out to the quick public transport vehicle of correspondence immediately and send instructions; Otherwise, judge whether current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, be less than the time of arrival of table record described time of running simultaneously;
If S2 current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, is less than the time of arrival of this of table record simultaneously time of running, then judges that corresponding quick public transport vehicle sets out;
S3, judge whether the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop and reads the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the Bu Shi transfer stop, in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, is then sent to quick public transport vehicle the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment; If the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and other all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop is all sent to quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment;
VI, judge whether quick public transport reaches terminal, if reached terminal, task terminates; Otherwise, return step S1.
In described step S3, if judge, the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to quick public transport vehicle from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
Also comprise the steps: after described Step II
II '. generate schedule information
S1 ', transfer current quick public transport vehicle the time of running table, by the coordinate (x of current quick public transport vehicle physical location d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d;
S2 ', computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, described reporting Cw and deviation alarm threshold value C is compared:
If during Cw≤C, judge that quick public transport vehicle normally travels;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of, judge the delayed traveling of quick public transport vehicle;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor negative value, judge that quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
S3 ', the result of multilevel iudge is prompted to driver adjusts the speed of a motor vehicle; Then perform step VI.
Before described step I, also comprise the step of numbering respectively for every bar bus rapid transit route and each website thereof;
Obtain in described step I each described in schedule plan all there is the identification number relevant to bus rapid transit route site number.
Also comprise the steps: after described step S3 '
S4 ', the result of multilevel iudge is prompted to driver adjusts the speed of a motor vehicle by playing voice signal.
Technique scheme tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
(1), in the present invention, car information reminding module receives the information that transfer information issuing module is issued, if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then reminds to the passenger in compartment by the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then by all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop, be prompted to the passenger in compartment.Therefore passenger is sitting in compartment and just can knows that the car two oneself taken arrives the time of transfer stop and oneself wants the vehicle changed to arrive the time of transfer stop, whether be necessary to catch up with fast the vehicle wanting to change to after determining oneself to get off according to both mistimings, for the passenger on car provides great convenience, if the mistiming is less, catches up with fast after passenger getting off car just likely to catch up with after transfer vehicle avoids missing this car and wait for the loss of time that next vehicle brings; If the mistiming is comparatively large, passenger, can time of reasonable arrangement oneself just without the need to catching up with.
(2) in the present invention, transfer distance between the quick public transport vehicle of the different train numbers of transfer stop is supplied to car information reminding module, passenger is while the mistiming obtaining the vehicle oneself taken and the vehicle being about to transfer arrival transfer stop, can also to learn in oneself transfer process the distance of process, arrive the mistiming of transfer stop according to transfer distance and two cars, carry out the transfer speed of reasonable arrangement oneself.
(3) in the present invention, the position that quick public transport vehicle should arrive p.s. is described in the schedule plan gathered in advance, and with the time of running table of the time of departure formulating each quick public transport vehicle of this schedule plan in conjunction with each quick public transport vehicle, therefore operationally quarter defines the coordinate of the position that quick public transport vehicle should arrive p.s. in table.In quick public transport vehicle operational process, the time of running under the coordinate of the physical location of quick public transport vehicle and quick public transport vehicle current state is shown to compare by multilevel iudge module in real time, find current time physical location corresponding the time of running table in reference time, if this reference time and current time have deviation, prove that quick public transport vehicle does not have to sail according to the table row time of running normally, this deviation is prompted to driver by deviation display module, and driver just can adjust the road speed of oneself immediately thus.Obviously the schedule plan adopted time owing to dispatching quick public transport vehicle, in units of 1 second, quick public transport vehicle is dispatched, quick public transport vehicle travel omnidistance all with 1 second for the cycle carries out Real-Time Scheduling, therefore can ensure that any instant arrives the position of regulation with can being accurate to second in the driving process of bus rapid transit.
(4) in the present invention, set out moment and the moment of reaching terminal according to schedule plan and quick public transport vehicle, the table time of running obtained, when actual comparing, the reference instant that current time is corresponding with quick public transport vehicle current actual positions or actual mileage is compared, in the whole process of scheduling, all the foundations using the time as scheduling, by deviation display module, two time point differences are shown, difference between two points that driver shows according to deviation display module is counted, can know whether oneself sails according to the table row time of running of regulation in real time, once quick public transport vehicle advanced or delayed time exceedes alarm threshold value, system just can send dispatch command, thus ensure that quick public transport vehicle can be sailed according to the table row time of running, relative to higher as the foundation degree of accuracy of scheduling by distance in prior art, more can ensure that scheduling is accurate to second.
(5) in the present invention, while by deviation display module prompting driver, be also aided with auditory tone cues, whether real-time prompting driver Current vehicle normally advances in the process of moving, make driver independently can obtain dispatch command at any time, make next step action according to dispatch command.
(6) in the present invention, be provided with in vehicle dispatching performance element and show memory module the time of running receiving the table time of running, and vehicle dispatching performance element comprises GPS locator module, measure the position coordinates of a quick public transport vehicle 1 second, and also comprise the multilevel iudge module that actual position coordinate that in directly being shown the time of running, reference position coordinate and the measurement of GPS locator module obtain is compared in vehicle dispatching performance element, therefore dispatching center's unit only needs show to carry out in memory module storing the time of running table time of running of correspondence being issued to vehicle dispatching performance element, in scheduling process, just do not need to keep communication constantly with command and control center, the scheduling being accurate to second can be implemented completely by the existing information of vehicle dispatching performance element, even if quick public transport vehicle and dispatching center's communication disruption are not also affected.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to make content of the present invention be more likely to be clearly understood, below according to a particular embodiment of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further detailed explanation, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the system chart of system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the process flow diagram of generation schedule plan of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the process flow diagram of accurate dispatching method of the present invention;
The tolerance module bias contribution display schematic diagram that Fig. 4 provides for the embodiment of the present invention;
Wherein Reference numeral is: 1-scheduling unit, 10-schedule plan generation module, 11 schedule plan memory modules, 12-shows generation module the time of running, 13-in-position judge module, and 14-changes to information issuing module, 21-first data communication unit, 22-second data communication unit, 3-vehicle dispatching performance element, 31-shows memory module the time of running, 32-GPS locating module, 33-multilevel iudge module, 34-deviation display module, 35-auditory tone cues module, 36-car information reminding module.
Embodiment
Provide specific embodiments of the invention below, the meaning of some character representations related in the present embodiment is as follows:
(x i, y i): the latitude and longitude coordinates information representing quick public transport vehicle position i-th second time, wherein i=0,1,2,3
(x d, y d): represent at current time T, the latitude and longitude coordinates of quick public transport vehicle position;
T d: represent and operationally carve in table, with quick public transport vehicle current time latitude and longitude coordinates (x d, y d) the nearest reference time corresponding to reference position or the reference time corresponding with quick public transport vehicle current time distance travelled number immediate benchmark mileage;
Cw: represent that quick public transport vehicle is in actual moving process, the error between the reference time that the time of a certain reference position of actual arrival and plan arrive this reference position;
C: represent deviation alarm threshold value, when the error between the reference time that the time of a certain reference position of actual arrival and plan arrive this reference position exceedes deviation alarm threshold value, system issues next step action of dispatch command prompting driver.
embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, bus rapid transit compartment, the transfer stop transfer information issuing system that the present embodiment provides, it comprises: scheduling unit 1, vehicle dispatching performance element 3, realizes the first data communication unit 21 of data transmission between described scheduling unit 1 and described vehicle dispatching performance element 3;
Vehicle GPS positioning unit 4, realizes the second data communication unit 22 that data between described vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 and described scheduling unit 1 are transmitted;
Described vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 is arranged on quick public transport vehicle; Driver drive in advance be provided with described vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 quick public transport vehicle between every two adjacent sites of bus rapid transit route according to regulation speeds, described vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 gathers the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle p.s. i, y i); In practical implementation, whether the data acquisition that the driving habits of each driver and driving experience can have influence in schedule plan is accurate, therefore the mode chosen driver Shi Ke and take everybody to elect, select the outstanding driver generally acknowledged to obtain schedule plan, preferred driver obtains data and can be used as the benchmark that all drivers observe;
Described scheduling unit 1 is arranged in dispatching center, and it comprises:
Schedule plan generation module 10, receives the position coordinates (x of the quick public transport vehicle that described vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 collects p.s. by described second data communication unit 22 i, y i) and time of vehicle operation T ischedule plan is formed after association; In the process that described in each, planned time table record quick public transport vehicle travels between adjacent sites p.s. the coordinate (x of reference position that should arrive i, y i) and running time T i; First described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
Schedule plan memory module 11, receive and store described schedule plan generation module 10 generate described schedule plan;
Show generation module 12 time of running, when quick public transport vehicle is waited at the starting station and being dispatched a car, show generation module 12 the described time of running from described schedule plan memory module 11, transfer all schedule plans meeting this quick public transport vehicle running route, according to the time of departure of this quick public transport vehicle, the down time of each bus stop by the running time T in all described schedule plans ibe revised as the corresponding local time, generating run timetable, and by described first data communication unit 21, all described times of running shown to be sent to the described vehicle dispatching performance element 3 that corresponding quick public transport vehicle is arranged;
In-position judge module 13, its signal input part is connected with the signal output part showing generation module 12 the described time of running, extract the in-position of quick public transport vehicle, judge whether the described in-position of quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, and read the time of arrival of quick public transport vehicle;
Transfer information issuing module 14, its signal input part is connected with the signal output part of described in-position judge module 13, if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle is sent to described vehicle dispatching performance element 3 through described first data communication unit 21; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to described car information reminding module quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking by described first data communication unit from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
Described vehicle dispatching performance element 3 is arranged on quick public transport vehicle, and it comprises:
Car information reminding module 36, the information of described transfer information issuing module 14 issue is received by described first data communication unit 21, if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then remind to the passenger in compartment by the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then by all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop, be prompted to the passenger in compartment.
Conveniently distinguish different bus rapid transit routes and different websites, in the present embodiment, also comprise the step of numbering respectively for every bar bus rapid transit route and each website thereof; Obtain in this step thus each described in schedule plan all there is the identification number relevant to bus rapid transit route site number.When being numbered for quick public transport Road, can various ways be adopted, as long as different quick public transport Roads can be made a distinction, can different quick public transport Road be numbered arabic numeral in the present embodiment.
For bus rapid transit 1 bus (hereinafter referred to as fast 1), fast 1 by way of stop website have: in highland, De Mao village-Dongying room-six camp gate-Dong-Xi depression-three camp gate-and adopted southern station-and-Jiu Jing village, adopted farm-bright red raft of pontoons-West, The Big Red Gate-orchard, Nangyuan District road-wooden slippers garden bridge-sand mouth-Gate of Everlasting Stability-the Temple of Heaven-Qianmen;
If the bus routes corresponding to fast 1 is numbered " 1 ", being numbered " 101 " of its Sino-German Mao Zhuan station, being numbered " 102 " of station, Dongying room, the rest may be inferred, being numbered " 117 " of station, Qianmen.
When obtaining schedule plan, the quick public transport vehicle being arranged vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 by driver travels to station, Dongying room (102) from station, the De Mao village (101) in advance according to the speed of regulation, obtain the schedule plan shown in table 1, if the identification number of table 1 is " 1001 ", obtaining the schedule plan shown in table 2 is equally schedule plan from station, Dongying room (102) to six camp gate stations (103), if its identification number is " 1002 ".As shown in Table 1 and Table 2, the benchmark mileage number that the coordinate that record the reference position that quick public transport vehicle should arrive p.s. in schedule plan should travel p.s., and be reference position by first described reference position, corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
The schedule plan of table No. 11001
Starting station: arrival station, the De Mao village: Dongying room
The schedule plan of table No. 21002
Starting station: Dongying room (102) arrival station: six camp gates (103)
Schedule plan as shown in Table 1 and Table 2, the value of described longitude and latitude is all detected by vehicle GPS positioning unit 4 and obtains, and is not associated with electronic map road.The in-position that it should be noted that in the schedule plan of No. 1001 is exactly that reference position in the schedule plan of No. 1002 is identical in fact, and just due in different schedule plans, the representation therefore adopted is different.
By that analogy, the schedule plan between all adjacent two stations on whole piece route can be obtained, and the in-position of previous schedule plan is identical with the starting position coordinates of next schedule plan.
Bus rapid transit compartment, the above-mentioned transfer stop transfer information issuing method that the present embodiment provides, comprises the steps:
I. schedule plan is generated
1. for each bus rapid transit route, by driver quick public transport vehicle speeds according to the rules between every two adjacent sites, the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle is gathered p.s. i, y i);
Position coordinates (the x of the quick public transport vehicle 2. p.s. collected i, y i) as reference position coordinate, by running time T ias reference time, form schedule plan after association, first described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
In this step, the quick public transport vehicle utilized is identical with the quick public transport vehicle in actual moving process, quick public transport vehicle is also provided with vehicle GPS positioning unit and vehicle-mounted odometer counting unit, utilize vehicle GPS positioning unit record quick public transport vehicle position coordinates as reference position coordinate, utilize vehicle-mounted odometer counting unit record distance travelled as benchmark mileage, be stored in schedule plan;
II. generating run timetable
Transfer all schedule plans relevant to a bus rapid transit route, according to frequency, each down time of stopping website of each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle of this route, by the running time T in described schedule plan ichange the corresponding local time into as reference instant, formed and show one group of time of running corresponding with each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle; All described times of running are shown to send to quick public transport vehicle;
If fast 1 bus of the n-th order of classes or grades at school is 12:30:00 from the De Mao village (101) the station moment, namely initial time answers corresponding 12:30:00, add the running time in No. 1001 schedule plans, the local time corresponding when quick public transport vehicle arrives any one reference position between two stations can be released, then can obtain according to watch 1 fast 1 bus of the n-th order of classes or grades at school No. 1001 the times of running table as shown in table 3.
The table time of running of table No. 31001
Starting station: the De Mao village (101) arrival station: Dongying room (102)
Being located at Dongying room (102) down time of standing is 30 seconds, then in table No. 1002 times of running from the moment at Dongying room (102) station should be just show No. 1001 times of running in arrive station, Dongying room moment 12:35:00 add that down time, 30s drew, can obtain from the moment at station, Dongying room be 12:35:30, the table No. 1002 times of running that can obtain fast 1 bus is thus as shown in table 4.
The table time of running of table No. 41002
Starting station: Dongying room (102) arrival station: six camp gates (103)
Contrasted by table 3 and table 1, and table 4 contrasts known with table 2, described time of running, table was exactly the local time running time in described schedule plan being scaled correspondence, other Information invariabilities.The like, all time of running table of quick public transport vehicle in operational process can be obtained.
III. generate compartment to release news
S1, judge current time T whether equal a certain time of running table in record initial time; If equal, assign out to the quick public transport vehicle of correspondence immediately and send instructions; Otherwise, judge whether current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, be less than the time of arrival of table record described time of running simultaneously;
If S2 current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, is less than the time of arrival of this of table record simultaneously time of running, then judges that corresponding quick public transport vehicle sets out;
To show No. 1002 times of running in the present embodiment, then initial time is 12:35:30, and time of arrival is 12:41:30; Suppose that current time T is 12:35:34, obviously its be greater than No. 1002 the time of running table record initial time and be less than No. 1002 the time of running table record time of arrival;
S3, judge whether the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop and reads the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the Bu Shi transfer stop, in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, is then sent to quick public transport vehicle the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment; If the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and other all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop is all sent to quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment;
As preferred embodiment, in this step, if judge, the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to quick public transport vehicle from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
For current quick public transport vehicle in-position whether time transfer stop can have various ways to judge.Can by extracting the name of station at the station of the in-position in all quick public transport vehicles table current time of running, or the numbering at station, the station name of station of in-position is identical or to number identical quick public transport vehicle be the vehicle arriving same transfer stop.
VI, judge whether quick public transport reaches terminal, if reached terminal, task terminates; Otherwise, return step S1.
As preferred embodiment, described transfer information issuing module 14 is built-in with the transfer distance between the bus rapid transit of the different train numbers of all transfer stops;
If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to described car information reminding module 36 from the transfer of current train number quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance of other train number bus rapid transits through described first data communication unit.
In the present embodiment, passenger is sitting in compartment and just can knows that the car two oneself taken arrives the time of transfer stop and oneself wants the vehicle changed to arrive the time of transfer stop, whether be necessary to catch up with fast the vehicle wanting to change to after determining oneself to get off according to both mistimings and transfer distance, for the passenger on car provides great convenience.
embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, in the present embodiment, described vehicle dispatching performance element 3 also comprises:
Show memory module 31 time of running, the described time of running receiving described first data communication unit 21 transmission is shown and stores;
GPS locating module 32, with the coordinate (x of 1 second for the physical location of cycle collection quick public transport vehicle d, y d);
Multilevel iudge module 33, receives the data showing memory module 31 and the output of described GPS locating module 32 the described time of running; By the coordinate (x of the physical location of the quick public transport vehicle of current time d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d; By T dcompare with current time T, computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, compare with deviation alarm threshold value C: if during Cw≤C, judge that current quick public transport vehicle normally travels; If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of time, judge the delayed traveling of current quick public transport vehicle; If Cw>C, and T-T dduring for negative value, judge that current quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
Deviation display module 34, receives the judged result of described multilevel iudge module 33, and whether prompting driver current time quick public transport vehicle is sailed according to the table row time of running.Correspondingly, also comprise the steps: after the Step II in bus rapid transit compartment, described transfer stop transfer information issuing method
II '. generate schedule information
S1 ', transfer current quick public transport vehicle the time of running table, by the coordinate (x of current quick public transport vehicle physical location d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d;
Such as when current time T is 12:35:34, quick public transport vehicle current actual positions coordinate (x detected d, y d), described multilevel iudge module 33 is by quick public transport vehicle current actual positions coordinate (x d, y d) with the time of running show in reference position carry out comparison one by one, finding the reference position coordinate nearest with current quick public transport vehicle positional distance is (x 3, y 3), obtain T reference time that this position is corresponding dfor 12:35:31;
S2 ', computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, described reporting Cw and deviation alarm threshold value C is compared:
If during Cw≤C, judge that quick public transport vehicle normally travels;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of, judge the delayed traveling of quick public transport vehicle;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor negative value, judge that quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
Select described deviation alarm threshold value C to be 1s, thus, calculate mistiming Cw=|T-T by multilevel iudge module d| be 3 seconds, be greater than C, and T-T dbe negative, therefore delayed 3 seconds of quick public transport vehicle;
S3 ', the result of multilevel iudge is prompted to driver; Then perform step VI.
Prompting driver will remain the reference position point that current time T is corresponding and quick public transport vehicle current time physical location or the reference instant T corresponding to actual travel mileage dcorresponding reference position point is in coincidence status;
Figure 4 shows that the reference position point that current time that described deviation display module 34 shows is corresponding and the reference position point T corresponding to quick public transport vehicle current time physical location dschematic diagram; The time that current time T is corresponding is as shown in the figure 08:00:11, the reference instant T that quick public transport vehicle current actual positions is corresponding dthe corresponding time is 08:00:14, and obvious quick public transport vehicle travels advanced 3 seconds.In the present embodiment, the reference position point that described deviation display module 34 shows is 9, and by reference position corresponding for current time point in centre position, in quick public transport vehicle operational process, As time goes on, the moment representated by the point of reference position also passes backward.Further, in actual moving process, more reference position point can be shown.When quick public transport vehicle is advanced or exceed the scope of said reference point retardation time, directly can adopt digital prompt, such as, according to Fig. 4, when advanced 13 seconds of quick public transport vehicle, can not be prompted to driver by the reference position point shown in Fig. 4, now deviation directly can be prompted to driver by described deviation display module 34, as " advanced 13 seconds ".
Whether in order to better point out driver to travel according to the regulation shown the time of running, in the present embodiment, said method also comprises the steps:
S7, broadcasting voice signal prompting driver are with whether being accurate to second according to the step that the described time of running, table row was sailed.Playing voice signal can adopt common toy trumpet to realize, and voice signal includes, but are not limited to following form: can play long prompting driver and travel in advance, plays minor prompting driver is delayed to have travelled; " advanced, two seconds " " delayed, 5 seconds " etc. can be play-overed and directly point out driver;
In the present embodiment, be can be as accurate as to the scheduling of quick public transport vehicle second, quick public transport vehicle runs according to the prompting of deviation display module and just can ensure to arrive each station with being accurate to second, therefore the transfer information that described car information reminding module 36 is issued also is accurate to second, makes passenger can time of reasonable arrangement oneself and transfer progress further.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only for clearly example being described, and the restriction not to embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments.And thus the apparent change of extending out or variation be still among the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a transfer stop bus rapid transit compartment transfer information issuing system, it is characterized in that, it comprises:
Scheduling unit (1), vehicle dispatching performance element (3), realizes first data communication unit (21) of data transmission between described scheduling unit (1) and described vehicle dispatching performance element (3);
Vehicle GPS positioning unit (4), realizes the second data communication unit (22) that data between described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) and described scheduling unit (1) are transmitted;
Described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) is arranged on quick public transport vehicle; Driver drive in advance be provided with described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) quick public transport vehicle between every two adjacent sites of bus rapid transit route according to regulation speeds, described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) gathers the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle p.s. i, y i);
Described scheduling unit (1) is arranged in dispatching center, and it comprises:
Schedule plan generation module (10), receives the position coordinates (x of the quick public transport vehicle that described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) collects p.s. by described second data communication unit (22) i, y i) and time of vehicle operation T ischedule plan is formed after association; In the process that described in each, planned time table record quick public transport vehicle travels between adjacent sites p.s. the coordinate (x of reference position that should arrive i, y i) and running time T i; First described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
Schedule plan memory module (11), receives and stores the described schedule plan that described schedule plan generation module (10) generates;
Show generation module (12) time of running, when quick public transport vehicle is waited at the starting station and being dispatched a car, show generation module (12) the described time of running and transfer all schedule plans meeting this quick public transport vehicle running route from described schedule plan memory module (11), according to the time of departure of this quick public transport vehicle, the down time of each bus stop by the running time T in all described schedule plans ibe revised as the corresponding local time, generating run timetable, and by described first data communication unit (21), all described times of running are shown to be sent to the described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) that corresponding quick public transport vehicle is arranged;
In-position judge module (13), the signal output part that its signal input part and the described time of running show generation module (12) is connected, extract the in-position of quick public transport vehicle, whether the described in-position judging quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, and reads the time of arrival of quick public transport vehicle;
Transfer information issuing module (14), its signal input part is connected with the signal output part of described in-position judge module (13), if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle is sent to described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) through described first data communication unit (21); If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and other all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop are sent to described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) through described first data communication unit (21);
Described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) is arranged on quick public transport vehicle, and it comprises:
Car information reminding module (36), the information that described transfer information issuing module (14) issues is received by described first data communication unit (21), if the Bu Shi transfer stop, described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, then remind to the passenger in compartment by the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then by all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop, be prompted to the passenger in compartment.
2. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 1 transfer information issuing system, is characterized in that:
Described transfer information issuing module (14) is built-in with the transfer distance between the bus rapid transit of the different train numbers of all transfer stops;
If the described in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to described car information reminding module (36) quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking by described first data communication unit (21) from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
3. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 1 and 2 transfer information issuing system, is characterized in that:
Described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) also comprises:
Show memory module (31) time of running, receive and show and store the described time of running that described first data communication unit (21) transmits;
GPS locating module (32), with the coordinate (x of 1 second for the physical location of cycle collection quick public transport vehicle d, y d);
Multilevel iudge module (33), receives the data shown memory module (31) and described GPS locating module (32) the described time of running and export; By the coordinate (x of the physical location of the quick public transport vehicle of current time d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d; By T dcompare with current time T, computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, compare with deviation alarm threshold value C: if during Cw≤C, judge that current quick public transport vehicle normally travels; If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of time, judge the delayed traveling of current quick public transport vehicle; If Cw>C, and T-T dduring for negative value, judge that current quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
Deviation display module (34), receives the judged result of described multilevel iudge module (33), and whether prompting driver current time quick public transport vehicle is sailed according to the table row time of running.
4. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 3 transfer information issuing system, is characterized in that:
Described vehicle dispatching performance element (3) also comprises auditory tone cues module (35), be connected with the signal output part of described multilevel iudge module (33), according to the judged result of described multilevel iudge module (33), whether sailed according to the table row time of running by voice signal prompting driver quick public transport vehicle.
5. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 4 transfer information issuing system, is characterized in that:
Described vehicle GPS positioning unit (4) has identical specifications parameter with described GPS locating module (32).
6. utilize bus rapid transit compartment, a transfer stop transfer information issuing method for claim 1-5 arbitrary described bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop transfer information issuing system, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
I. schedule plan is generated
1. for each bus rapid transit route, by driver quick public transport vehicle speeds according to the rules between every two adjacent sites, the position coordinates (x of a quick public transport vehicle is gathered p.s. i, y i);
Position coordinates (the x of the quick public transport vehicle 2. p.s. collected i, y i) as reference position coordinate, by running time T ias reference time, form schedule plan after association, first described reference position of recording in described schedule plan is reference position, and corresponding running time is initial time; Record in described schedule plan last described in reference position be in-position, corresponding running time is time of arrival;
II. generating run timetable
Transfer all schedule plans relevant to a bus rapid transit route, according to frequency, each down time of stopping website of each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle of this route, by the running time T in described schedule plan ichange the corresponding local time into as reference instant, formed and show one group of time of running corresponding with each order of classes or grades at school quick public transport vehicle; All described times of running are shown to send to quick public transport vehicle;
III. generate compartment to release news
S1, judge current time T whether equal a certain time of running table in record initial time; If equal, assign out to the quick public transport vehicle of correspondence immediately and send instructions; Otherwise, judge whether current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, be less than the time of arrival of table record described time of running simultaneously;
If S2 current time T is greater than the initial time of table record a certain time of running, is less than the time of arrival of this of table record simultaneously time of running, then judges that corresponding quick public transport vehicle sets out;
S3, judge whether the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop and reads the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle; If the Bu Shi transfer stop, in-position of current quick public transport vehicle, is then sent to quick public transport vehicle the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment; If the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then the time of arrival of current quick public transport vehicle and other all time of arrival being about to the quick public transport vehicle arriving transfer stop is all sent to quick public transport vehicle and reminds to the passenger in compartment;
VI, judge whether quick public transport reaches terminal, if reached terminal, task terminates; Otherwise, return step S1.
7. according to bus rapid transit compartment, the transfer stop transfer information issuing method utilized described in claim 6, it is characterized in that: in described step S3, if judge, the in-position of current quick public transport vehicle is transfer stop, then passenger is sent to quick public transport vehicle from the transfer of the platform of current train number quick public transport vehicle to the transfer distance required for the platform of other train number bus rapid transits and the time required for normal walking and reminds to the passenger in compartment.
8., according to bus rapid transit compartment, the transfer stop transfer information issuing method utilized described in claim 6 or 7, it is characterized in that, after described Step II, also comprise the steps: before Step II I
II '. generate schedule information
S1 ', transfer current quick public transport vehicle the time of running table, by the coordinate (x of current quick public transport vehicle physical location d, y d) be associated with reference position nearest with it in the table described time of running, the reference instant of its correspondence is set to T d;
S2 ', computing time deviate Cw=|T-T d|, described reporting Cw and deviation alarm threshold value C is compared:
If during Cw≤C, judge that quick public transport vehicle normally travels;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor on the occasion of, judge the delayed traveling of quick public transport vehicle;
If Cw>C, and T-T dfor negative value, judge that quick public transport vehicle travels in advance;
S3 ', the result of multilevel iudge is prompted to driver adjusts the speed of a motor vehicle; Then perform step VI.
9. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 8 transfer information issuing method, is characterized in that:
Before described step I, also comprise the step of numbering respectively for every bar bus rapid transit route and each website thereof;
Obtain in described step I each described in schedule plan all there is the identification number relevant to bus rapid transit route site number.
10. bus rapid transit compartment, transfer stop according to claim 9 transfer information issuing method, is characterized in that:
After described step S3 ', also comprise the steps: before Step II I
S4 ', the result of multilevel iudge is prompted to driver adjusts the speed of a motor vehicle by playing voice signal.
CN201210157603.3A 2012-05-18 2012-05-18 Transfer station bus rapid transit compartment transfer information release system and release method Expired - Fee Related CN103426302B (en)

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