CN103409225B - Processing method for camellia seed oil with aromatic flavor and nutrition - Google Patents

Processing method for camellia seed oil with aromatic flavor and nutrition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103409225B
CN103409225B CN201310324096.2A CN201310324096A CN103409225B CN 103409225 B CN103409225 B CN 103409225B CN 201310324096 A CN201310324096 A CN 201310324096A CN 103409225 B CN103409225 B CN 103409225B
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oil
seed
tea
moisture
pressed
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CN103409225A (en
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郭少海
罗凡
王亚萍
费学谦
姚小华
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Jiangxi Spark Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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INST OF SUBTROPICAL FORESTRY CHINESE ACADEMY OF FORESTRY SCIENCES
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Abstract

The invention discloses a processing method for camellia seed oil with aromatic flavor and nutrition, which comprises the following steps: (1) husking and then drying camellia seeds until the moisture is under 8%; (2) frying the dried camellia seeds; (3) squeezing oil of the fried camellia seeds; (4) pulverizing camellia seed cake being subjected to squeezing into powder by a pulverizer, and then drying the powder until the moisture is under 3%; (5) after the squeezed oil is filtered, adding citric acid solution at ordinary temperature, and reacting for 90 min under constant stirring; (6) adding NaCl solution with the concentration of 5% to the squeezed oil being subjected to reaction at the ordinary temperature, stirring at low speed for 30 min, and discharging upper clear oil after still standing; (7) adding the camellia seed cake being pulverized and dried into the upper clear oil, and filter pressing under constant stirring to obtain a finished product after passing inspection. After adopting the method, the micronutrient ingredients of the product is effectively improved; the camellia seed oil has aromatic flavor, can be eaten directly, is suitable for cold, cooking, frying, and the like, and satisfies the human pursuit of high quality camellia oil.

Description

A kind of working method of giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil
Technical field
The present invention relates to tea seed field, is a kind of working method of giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil.
Background technology
The working method of existing giving off a strong fragrance nutrition tea seed, the squeezing process of employing and the squeezing process of large oil plant are substantially similar, be by tea seed dry, softening, shelling, broken, roll embryo, enter cooking pot and steam and fry, enter screw oil expeller and carry out hot moulding.The crude oil of pressed oil is heated to 70-80 DEG C after filtering, and adds the hot water of the heavy 3-5% of oil to carry out hydration degum, and about 20min of time, is then heated to 85-95 DEG C of vacuum-drying, is after the assay was approved finished product after filtration.Adopt existing method, due to can not be very strict to the control of raw material, thereby the quality of oil product and security can not be effectively guaranteed, and the quality of oil product is difficult to reach GB11765-2003 one-level squeezing processed oil camellia seed oil quality index, substantially can only reach squeezing secondary standard, quality is on the low side; Be hydration degum due to what adopt, inevitably can cause the part emulsification of grease, reduced oil yield; In order to remove the colloid in oil, adopt the method for the rear rehydration of heating, unavoidably can cause the volatilization of flavour ingredient; In order to remove moisture, adopt vacuum drying method, make the most of loss of giving off a strong fragrance composition.
Summary of the invention
The present invention will solve the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, a kind of working method of giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil is provided, after specifically the tea seed of high-quality being fried, squeeze, crude oil after squeezing is come unstuck, more a kind of method of carrying out press filtration with the squeeze cake of drying after pulverizing, make the giving off a strong fragrance oil after processing, not only can directly eat, and improve the nutritive ingredient of oil product.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: the working method of this giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil, the method comprises the steps:
(1) moisture is less than to 12%, impurity is less than 0.5%, and without going mouldy, anacidity peculiar smell, after the cleansing oil tea seed of free from insect pests is peeled off and dried, dries moisture to below 8% with dryer;
(2) tea seed of drying, enters Rotating oven and fries seed, fries seed temperature 130-140 DEG C, time 30-45min;
(3) tea seed having fried, enters while hot oil press zhai and extracts oil, and the tea-seed pancake oil-containing after oil expression is no more than 6%;
(4) tea-seed pancake that accounts for the rear tea-seed pancake total amount 5% of squeezing is dried to moisture and be no more than 3%, then wear into powder with the pulverizer of aperture 1.5mm;
(5) pressed oil, with after Filter Press, under normal temperature, adds according to the 0.08%-0.12% of pressed oil quality the citric acid solution that mass percent is 52%, under the condition of continuously stirring, and reaction 90min;
(6) pressed oil after acid-respons, under normal temperature, adding mass percent concentration according to 0.5% of pressed oil quality is 5% NaCl solution, continuously stirring reaction 30min, after leaving standstill emits upper edible vegetable oil;
(7) by the tea-seed pancake that grinds is also dried, join in upper edible vegetable oil according to the 1-3% of pressed oil quality, press filtration under continuously stirring, is finished product after the assay was approved.
The squeezing of tea seed:
Moisture is less than to 12%, and impurity is less than 0.5%, and without going mouldy, anacidity peculiar smell, after the cleansing oil tea seed of free from insect pests is peeled off and dried, dries moisture to below 8% with dryer.The tea seed of drying, enters Rotating oven and fries seed, fries seed temperature 130-140 DEG C, time 30-45min.The tea seed having fried, enters while hot oil press zhai and extracts oil, and squeezing for the first time will go out cake thickness and adjust to 3mm left and right, squeeze out for the second time, for the third time cake thickness 1.5mm left and right, and the tea-seed pancake oil-containing after oil expression is no more than 6%;
Giving off a strong fragrance hair oil degumming:
The tea-seed pancake that accounts for the rear tea-seed pancake total amount of squeezing 5% left and right is dried to moisture and be no more than 3%, then wear into powder with the pulverizer of aperture 1.5mm.Pressed oil, with after Filter Press, under normal temperature, adds 52% citric acid solution according to the 0.08%-0.12% of pressed oil quality, under the condition of continuously stirring, and reaction 90min.Pressed oil after acid-respons, under normal temperature, adding concentration according to 0.5% of pressed oil quality is 5% NaCl solution, continuously stirring reaction 30min, after leaving standstill emits upper edible vegetable oil.By drying ground tea-seed pancake, join in upper edible vegetable oil according to the 1-3% of pressed oil quality, press filtration under continuously stirring, is finished product after the assay was approved.
Principle of the present invention is: adopt the tea seed of high-quality to dry, fry after seed, with screw oil expeller oil expression, the crude oil of pressed oil adopts High Content Citric Acid, 5%NaCl solution to come unstuck, and finally adds the powder tea-seed pancake press filtration of oven dry.Due to process adopt be appropriateness fry seed, completely squeezing, the reservation of nutritive ingredient and the generation of objectionable impurities will be lacked compared with common process; The employing High Content Citric Acid that comes unstuck, without alkali refining, has retained nutritive ingredient to greatest extent; Adopt the powder tea-seed pancake of drying to make filter cake, not only played and had the effect of the flavouring of oil product, and effectively removed unnecessary moisture.
Giving off a strong fragrance complete processing of the present invention, compares with the giving off a strong fragrance technique of prior art, and the nutritive ingredient of camellia seed oil has obtained more effective reservation, both can directly eat, and the fragrance of oil product is strong far beyond existing technique without heating.
The present invention compared with prior art, has adopted complete appropriateness to fry the method for seed, entirely fries seed squeezing, and crude oil adopts High Content Citric Acid, 5%NaCl solution to come unstuck, and by squeeze cake dry pulverize after for last filtration and remove a small amount of moisture.Adopt existing technology, the index of giving off a strong fragrance oil meets GB11765-2003 one-level squeezing processed oil camellia seed oil quality index completely, and aromatic flavour; Compared with existing giving off a strong fragrance oil tea oil preparation technique, adopt after the present invention, not only make the beneficiating ingredient of camellia seed oil better be retained, and also best in quality, fragrance is denseer.Compared with existing conventional degumming technology, adopt High Content Citric Acid, 5%NaCl solution degumming technology, dry the press filtration of powder tea-seed pancake, not only effectively reduced the loss of camellia seed oil nutritive ingredient, also effectively retained, improved the flavour ingredient of giving off a strong fragrance nutrition tea seed.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is process flow diagram of the present invention;
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1: by moisture 11%, foreign matter content 0.48%, after nothing is gone mouldy, the oily tea seed of free from insect pests is peeled off, dries, and drying material mensuration oil-containing is 48%, and the moisture of oven dry is 7.6%; Oily tea seed after oven dry enters Rotating oven, adopts 130 DEG C, 40min processing condition stir-fry seed, then carries out while hot screw oil expeller and extracts oil; Pre-pressed cake after oil expression, actual measurement Residual oil is 5.5%.The tea-seed pancake pulverizer of aperture 1.5m that accounts for the rear tea-seed pancake total amount of squeezing 5% left and right is worn into powder, dry, actual measurement moisture is 2.9%.Pressed oil, with after Filter Press, under normal temperature, adds 52% citric acid solution according to 0.10% of pressed oil quality, under the condition of continuously stirring, and reaction 90min; Pressed oil after acid-respons, under normal temperature, adding concentration according to 0.5% of pressed oil quality is 5% NaCl solution, continuously stirring reaction 30min, after leaving standstill emits upper edible vegetable oil; By the tea-seed pancake that grinds is also dried, join in upper edible vegetable oil according to 1% of pressed oil quality, press filtration under continuously stirring, is finished product after the assay was approved.
Embodiment 2: by moisture 10%, foreign matter content 0.42%, after nothing is gone mouldy, the oily tea seed of free from insect pests is peeled off, dries, and drying material mensuration oil-containing is 50%, and the moisture of oven dry is 7.1%; Oily tea seed after oven dry enters Rotating oven, adopts 140 DEG C, 30min processing condition stir-fry seed, then carries out while hot screw oil expeller and extracts oil; Pre-pressed cake after oil expression, actual measurement Residual oil is 5.8%.The tea-seed pancake pulverizer of aperture 1.5m that accounts for the rear tea-seed pancake total amount of squeezing 5% left and right is worn into powder, dry, actual measurement moisture is 2.6%.Pressed oil, with after Filter Press, under normal temperature, adds 52% citric acid solution according to 0.12% of pressed oil quality, under the condition of continuously stirring, and reaction 90min; Pressed oil after acid-respons, under normal temperature, adding concentration according to 0.5% of pressed oil quality is 5% NaCl solution, continuously stirring reaction 30min, after leaving standstill emits upper edible vegetable oil; By the tea-seed pancake that grinds is also dried, join in upper edible vegetable oil according to 3% of pressed oil quality, press filtration under continuously stirring, is finished product after the assay was approved.
Adopt the giving off a strong fragrance nutrition tea seed leading indicator after this technique as follows:
Meet GB11765-2003 one-level squeezing processed oil camellia seed oil quality index aromatic flavour
In the present invention, do not indicate especially per-cent and be mass percent.
In addition to the implementation, the present invention can also have other embodiments.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacement or equivalent transformation formation, all drop on the protection domain of requirement of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. a working method for giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil, is characterized in that: the method comprises the steps:
(1) moisture is less than to 12%, without going mouldy, anacidity peculiar smell, after the cleansing oil tea seed of free from insect pests is peeled off and dried, dries moisture to below 8% with dryer;
(2) tea seed of drying, enters Rotating oven and fries seed, fries seed temperature 130-140 DEG C, time 30-45min;
(3) tea seed having fried, enters while hot oil press zhai and extracts oil, and the tea-seed pancake oil-containing after oil expression is no more than 6%;
(4) tea-seed pancake that accounts for the rear tea-seed pancake total amount 5% of squeezing is dried to moisture and be no more than 3%, then wear into powder with the pulverizer of aperture 1.5mm;
(5) pressed oil, with after Filter Press, under normal temperature, adds according to the 0.08%-0.12% of pressed oil quality the citric acid solution that mass percent is 52%, under the condition of continuously stirring, and reaction 90min;
(6) pressed oil after acid-respons, under normal temperature, adding mass percent concentration according to 0.5% of pressed oil quality is 5% NaCl solution, continuously stirring reaction 30min, after leaving standstill emits upper edible vegetable oil;
(7) by the tea-seed pancake that grinds is also dried, join in upper edible vegetable oil according to the 1-3% of pressed oil quality, press filtration under continuously stirring, is finished product after the assay was approved.
2. the working method of giving off a strong fragrance nutritional oil tea-seed oil according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the tea seed having fried, entering while hot oil press zhai extracts oil, squeezing for the first time will go out cake thickness and adjust to 3mm, squeeze out for the second time, for the third time cake thickness 1.5mm, the tea-seed pancake oil-containing after oil expression is no more than 6%.
CN201310324096.2A 2013-07-29 2013-07-29 Processing method for camellia seed oil with aromatic flavor and nutrition Active CN103409225B (en)

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CN103509648A (en) * 2013-07-31 2014-01-15 安徽省霍山县聚一科技有限公司 Refining and degreasing method of camellia oil
CN103923740A (en) * 2014-03-11 2014-07-16 安徽亿宏生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of strong aroma camellia oil
CN104194919A (en) * 2014-07-15 2014-12-10 菏泽巨鑫源食品有限公司 Asparagus seed oil and preparation method thereof
CN104928017B (en) * 2015-06-24 2018-08-31 安顺市西秀区春实绿化苗木有限公司 A kind of processing method of tea-seed oil
CN105166083A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Tea-oil tree mixed nutritional solid oil capable of clearing away heat, detoxifying and maintaining beauty
CN105192095A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-30 安徽新荣久农业科技有限公司 Mixotrophic camellia oleifera solid oil capable of clearing away heat and reducing blood pressure and preparation method thereof
CN106190609A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-12-07 武汉轻工大学 The preparation method of high active ingredient tea cake powder detergent and tea cake powder detergent
CN107446695A (en) * 2017-10-11 2017-12-08 三江县稻香山茶油生态发展有限公司 A kind of deep working method of tea-seed oil

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Effective date of registration: 20190109

Address after: 336008 Xicun Agricultural Science and Technology Park, Yuanzhou District, Yichun City, Jiangxi Province

Patentee after: Jiangxi Spark Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 311400 No. 73 Daqiao Road, Fuyang City, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: Inst. of Subtropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry Sciences